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Homelessness & Health in Canada

 | 
Manal Guirguis-Younger
, 
Ryan McNeil
, 
Stephen W. Hwang

Contributors

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1Billie Allan, MSW, is a PhD candidate at the Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, where her doctoral research focuses on the health and well-being of urban Aboriginal women. Her research interests include Aboriginal peoples' health, Aboriginal approaches to research and pedagogy and how social work education and knowledge can better respect and reflect the knowledge(s) of communities served by social workers. Ms. Allan is a member of Shabot Obaadjiwan First Nation.

2Tim Aubry, PhD, is a Professor in the School of Psychology and Director of the Centre for Research on Educational and Community Services at the University of Ottawa. Dr. Aubry's research is focused in the areas of community mental health, homelessness and program evaluation of health and social services for marginalized populations. He is member of the National Research Team and the Co-Lead of the At Home/Chez Moi research demonstration project in Moncton and a Co-Principal Investigator of the Homelessness and Health in Transition study.

3Lynn Burnett, RN, BScN, is a Care Coordinator at Ottawa Inner City Health. She provides comprehensive care to the homeless population with addictions and health challenges with a particular focus on women's health. She preceptors medical and nursing students and educates frontline staff in the shelters.

4John Ecker, MA, is a doctoral candidate in the School of Psychology at the University of Ottawa.

5Susan Farrell, PhD, CPsych, is a clinical psychologist and the Clinical Director of the Community Mental Health Program of the Royal Ottawa Health Care Group. She provides psychological assessment and consultation services to persons who are homeless and supervises graduate students in this area of research and clinical practice.

6Rafael Figueiredo, DDS, is a dentist currently researching the oral health of the homeless in Toronto for a master of science in Dentistry degree at the University of Toronto.

7Manal Guirguis-Younger, PhD, is Full Professor in the Faculty of Human Sciences at Saint Paul University and an affiliated researcher with the Centre for Research on Educational and Community Services at the University of Ottawa. Dr. Guirguis-Younger's research focuses on the delivery of palliative and supportive care to homeless and marginalized populations.

8Trevor A. Hart, PhD, CPsych, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology at Ryerson University and an Adjunct Faculty at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto. Dr. Hart is the Director of the hiv Prevention Lab, which examines risk factors for poor sexual health outcomes among populations at high risk for hiv and the creation and evaluation of hiv prevention and sexual health promotion interventions for these populations.

9Stephen W. Hwang, MD, MPH, is the Research Chair in Homelessness, Housing and Health at the Centre for Research on Inner City Health in the Keenan Research Centre for the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital and Associate Professor in the Department of Medicine and Director of the Division of General Internal Medicine at the University of Toronto. Dr. Hwang is widely considered to be one of North America's leading experts on homelessness and health. His current research projects include a longitudinal observational study of homeless populations in Toronto, Ottawa and Vancouver and a randomized controlled trial of a Housing First program for homeless persons with mental health challenges. In addition, Dr. Hwang is a staff physician at St. Michael's Hospital with more than twenty years of experience providing frontline care to homeless persons.

10Carolyn A. James, MA, is a doctoral candidate in clinical psychology at York University. Carolyn's research focuses on predictors of adolescent health risk behaviours, with a particular focus on sexual health and prevention of sexual risk behaviours. Her doctoral research is examining the relationship between child sexual abuse and adolescent health risk behaviours (sexual risk behaviours and substance use) among homeless youth.

11Jonathan Jetté, MA, is a doctoral candidate in the School of Psychology at the University of Ottawa.

12Jeff Karabanow, PhD, is a Professor of Social Work at Dalhousie University. He has worked with homeless young people in Toronto, Montreal, Halifax and Guatemala. He has published numerous academic articles about housing stability, service delivery systems, street health and homeless youth culture. He has also completed a film documentary looking at the plight of street youth in Guatemala City and several animated shorts on Canadian street culture. His most recent book, Leaving the Streets: Stories of Canadian Youth (Fernwood Press), was released in fall 2010.

13Thomas Kerr, PhD, is Director of the Urban Health Research Initiative at the British Columbia Centre for Excellence in hiv/aids and an Associate Professor in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of British Columbia (Division of aids). Dr. Kerr has extensive research experience in the areas of health psychology, behavioural science, community-based research and public health, especially in evaluating programs and treatments designed to address addiction, injection drug use and hiv/aids.

14Sean Kidd, PhD, CPsych, is the Head of the Psychology Service in the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health's Schizophrenia Program and is an Assistant Professor with the McMaster and University of Toronto Departments of Psychiatry. His research interests include examining mechanisms of resilience among marginalized persons and the effectiveness of psychiatric rehabilitation interventions. His past work has focused on Assertive Community Treatment, policy and service development for homeless youths and the delivery of recovery-oriented services.

15Heather King-Andrews, MEd, is a PhD candidate in the population health program with the Institute of Population Health at the University of Ottawa. Her current research interests consist of the epidemiological, psychological and social determinants of opposition defiance in very young children.

16Fran Klodawsky, PhD, is a Professor in the Department of Geography and Environmental Studies at Carleton University. Her areas of expertise include public policy and social inclusion/exclusion in cities and feminist perspectives on cities, community organizing, housing and homelessness. She was the Co-Principal Investigator of the Panel Study on Homelessness in Ottawa, the first large-scale longitudinal survey of homeless persons in Canada. Her work uses both quantitative and qualitative methods within a collaborative, community-based framework.

17Nathanael Lauster, PhD, is an Associate Professor of sociology at the University of British Columbia. His research focuses on social aspects of the built environment, especially as it concerns the use of housing. In addition to work on crowding, housing and health in Nunavut, he has published many articles on the interrelationships between family formation and housing and recently co-edited a book, The End of Children? Changing Trends in Childbearing and Childhood (ubc Press).

18Donna Lougheed, MSc, MD, FRCPC, is an Assistant Professor in psychiatry at the University of Ottawa and a former family physician. She has worked in a clinical capacity for over 10 years with homeless and marginally housed adults with mental illness and substance use problems through the Royal Ottawa Health Care Group and has developed an ‘underserved populations' clinical rotation for psychiatric residents.

19Michael MacEntee, LDS(I), PhD, FRCD(C), is a Professor of prosthodontics and dental geriatrics with the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of British Columbia. He is past President of the Royal College of Dentists of Canada. Dr. MacEntee received the Distinguished Scientist Geriatric Oral Research Award from the International Association for Dental Research and is the senior editor of the book Oral Healthcare and the Frail Elder: A Clinical Perspective (Wiley).

20Brandon D. L. Marshall, PhD, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Epidemiology at the Brown University School of Public Health. Dr. Marshall completed his doctoral degree in epidemiology at the University of British Columbia School of Population and Public Health and postdoctoral training in the Department of Epidemiology at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health. His research interests focus on substance use epidemiology and the social, environmental and structural determinants of health among vulnerable populations.

21Ryan McNeil, PhD, is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the British Columbia Centre for Excellence in hiv/aids and Faculty of Health Sciences at Simon Fraser University. His current research focuses on the social-structural production of harm among drug-using populations. His previous work explored the intersection of homelessness and health, and in particular interventions to improve health outcomes among homeless populations.

22Wendy Muckle RN, BScN, MHA, has been the Executive Director of Ottawa Inner City Health since its beginning in February 2001. Her areas of interest are poverty and health, homelessness, hiv/aids, harm reduction and medical education.

23Rebecca Nemiroff, PhD, earned her PhD in clinical psychology from the University of Ottawa in 2010. Her doctoral research focused on the community integration of women who have experienced homelessness. She currently works as a school and clinical psychologist in Gatineau, Quebec and is an Associate of the Centre for Treatment of Sexual Abuse and Childhood Trauma in Ottawa.

24Bernadette Pauly, RN, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the School of Nursing at the University of Victoria and a Scientist in the Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia. Her research focuses on health equity, homelessness and substance use. She has conducted research related to ethical nursing practice in the context of homelessness and substance use, needle exchange services and effectiveness of transitional housing in breaking the cycle of homelessness for people recovering from substance use problems.

25Carlos Quiñonez, DMD, PhD, FRCD(C), is an Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Toronto and Associate Researcher with the Centre for Research on Inner City Health at St. Michael's Hospital. His research explores dental health services, with an emphasis on barriers to dental care among marginalized populations.

26Izumi Sakamoto, PhD, is a former Fulbright Scholar and is Associate Professor, Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto. She was the lead researcher of the research project (Coming Together project) presented herein, for which she and the team received the Community-Based Research Award of Merit Honourable Mention in 2007 by the Centre for Urban Health Initiatives and the Wellesley Institute. Subsequently, Dr. Sakamoto led the sshrc-funded collaborative of eight arts-informed, community-based research projects.

27Danielle R. Schwartz, MA, is a doctoral candidate in clinical psychology at Ryerson University. She completed her undergraduate degree at McGill University and her master's degree at Ryerson University. Ms. Schwartz's research examines the sexual health of high-risk populations, including homeless and lgbt youth. She is particularly interested in the impact of adverse childhood experiences on sexual health outcomes, including sexual risk behaviours and sexual functioning.

28Vicky Stergiopoulos, MD, MHSc, FRCPC, is the Psychiatrist-in-Chief at St. Michael's Hospital and scientist at the Centre for Research on inner-city health in Toronto. Dr. Stergiopoulos's research focuses on the development and evaluation of community-based interventions to improve health outcomes among people who are homeless, and in particular those who frequently access mental health services.

29Frank Tester, PhD, is a Professor of social work at ubc and Adjunct Professor of Native Studies, University of Manitoba. His research focuses on Nunavut and the Inuit of the Canadian Arctic. He is co-author of Tammarniit (Mistakes): Inuit Relocation in the Eastern Arctic 1939–62 and Kiumajut (Talking Back): Game Management and Inuit Rights 1900–70, both published by ubc Press. Dr. Tester is a recipient of the Gustavus Myers Award for the Study of Human Rights in North America and the Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin Prize from the American Society for Ethnohistory, Cornell University.

30Jeffrey Turnbull, MD, FRCPC, MEd, is co-founder and Medical Director of Ottawa Inner City Health. Dr. Turnbull is currently Chief of Staff at the Ottawa Hospital and past President of the Canadian Medical Association. He is a dedicated medical educator with an interest in poverty and health inequity.

31Anne C. Wagner, MA, is a doctoral candidate in clinical psychology at Ryerson University. She completed her undergraduate degree at the University of Western Ontario and her master's degree at Ryerson University. Ms. Wagner's research focuses on individual and structural factors associated with hiv stigma, sexual risk behaviours for hiv/aids and quality of life for hiv-positive individuals.

32Bruce Wallace, MSW, PhD, is a Postdoctoral Fellow with the Centre for Addictions Research of British Columbia. His primary research focus is the role of community health centre (chc) dental clinics in improving access to dental care. As a social worker who has been actively engaged in community-based research focused on the issues of homelessness, poverty, health and equity, Dr. Wallace brings a unique interdisciplinary perspective to oral health issues

33Beth Wood, RN, MScN, APN (Psych), works on the Psychiatric Outreach Team of the Community Mental Health Program at the Royal Ottawa Mental Health Centre. She provides assessment, diagnosis and treatment to concurrently disordered clients who are homeless. One of the agencies she works with is Ottawa Inner City Health.

© Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa | University of Ottawa Press, 2014

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