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Accounting for Culture

Caroline Andrew
Monica Gattinger
M. Sharon Jeannotte
et al.

Contributor Biographies (in alphabetical order)

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1Caroline Andrew is a professor in the School of Political Studies at the University of Ottawa. Her research areas include municipal social policy, urban development, and the role of women in local government. Her recent publications include a volume co-edited with Katherine Graham and Susan Phillips entitled Urban Affairs: Back on the Policy Agenda (2002). Community activities include membership in the City for all Women Initiative with the City of Ottawa, co-president of the City of Ottawa’s Advisory Committee on French-language Services and member of the boards of the Lower Town Community Resource Centre and InterPares. She is currently the dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Ottawa.

2Greg Baeker has a Ph.D. and is the managing director of euclid Canada. Prior to founding euclid Canada in 1998, he worked in senior leadership positions in the cultural sector for twenty-five years, as executive director of the Ontario Museums Association; executive coordinator of the Ontario Heritage Policy Review for the Government of Ontario, senior policy analyst for the Ontario Ministry of Culture, and lecturer in Arts Management, University of Toronto. He completed a doctorate in Urban Cultural Planning at the University of Waterloo in 1999. Recent euclid projects include A Think Tank on Culture in the City for the Governments of Quebec and Ontario (2003); the Municipal Cultural Planning Project, a research and networking strategy linking twenty-five Canadian municipalities (2001-02); the Arts Leadership Network, leadership development strategies for senior arts managers in Canada (2002); the Council of Europe Study on Cultural Policy and Cultural Diversity (2001); and Municipal Cultural Forums, four leadership forums for cultural leaders in Ontario (2004).

3Donna Cardinal is an independent consultant, researcher and educator in the fields of cultural development and community based decision making. As an associate of The Futures-Invention Associates International headquartered in Denver, she has facilitated envisioning projects and workshops in community, church, government, and not-for-profit settings in Canada and the US for the past fifteen years. Donna pioneered the use of the Futures-Invention envisioning practices online in the Cultural Leadership Development Project. Ms. Cardinal taught cultural policy at the University of Alberta for 18 years and now teaches a Web-based course in citizen engagement and consultation for municipal administrators across Canada sponsored jointly by Dalhousie University and the University of Alberta. Donna serves on the Editorial Working Group of, an online resource for cultural policy professionals within the Canadian Cultural Observatory, and is a Member of the Canadian Commission for UNESCO’s sectoral commission on Culture, Communication and Information. Donna is Past President of the Canadian Cultural Research Network.

4Stuart Cunningham is a professor at the Queensland University of Technology in Brisbane, Australia and the director of the University’s Creative Industries Research and Applications Centre. He is an experienced researcher and research manager in the fields of media, communications, cultural policy, higher education and in what is now called the “creative industries.” He is known for his policy critique of cultural studies, Framing Culture (1992), and for the co-edited New Patterns in Global Television (1996) and the co-authored Australian Television and International Mediascapes (1996). Others who worked with him on the chapter within this volume include Terry Cutler, the principal of Cutler and Company, a high-level communications consultancy based in Melbourne; Greg Hearn, a professor and a research and development coordinator; Michael Keane, an Australian Research Council postdoctoral fellow in the Creative Industries Research and Applications Centre at the Queensland University of Technology; and Mark Dsvid Ryan, a doctoral candidate.

5Nancy Duxbury is the director of research and information of the Creative City Network of Canada, a national non-profit organization she co-founded that facilitates sharing of knowledge and expertise among municipal cultural staff in over 125 communities across Canada. She is also a member of Statistics Canada’s National Advisory Committee on Culture Statistics, and special projects editor of the Canadian Journal of Communication. From 1995-2003 she was a cultural planning analyst at the City of Vancouver’s Office of Cultural Affairs, and from 2000 to 2002 she was a board member of the Canadian Cultural Research Network. She holds a doctorate in communication and a master’s in publishing from Simon Fraser University, and a bachelor of commerce degree in management from Saint Mary’s University in Halifax. In 2001, she was awarded the Dean of Graduate Studies Medal for Research Excellence for the Faculty of Applied Science at Simon Fraser University.

6John A. Foote was born in Vancouver, B.C. and received a bachelor of arts with majors in political science and history from the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, a master in international affairs with a major in American foreign policy in Latin America from George Washington University in Washington, D.C., and a doctorate in international relations from the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University in Washington, D.C. His doctoral dissertation was entitled, “Political Communications in Canada’s Prime Minister’s Office: the Trudeau Governments, 1968-1974.” He has worked in the federal government since 1974, after working for several years in the Prime Minister’s Office while researching his dissertation. He has worked in a number of policy capacities, including federal-provincial relations, international relations, and arts policy, both at the Department of Communications and the Department of Canadian Heritage. Since 2001, he has been the manager of research integration and planning for the Strategic Research and Analysis Directorate of the Department of Canadian Heritage. He has taught courses at Concordia University and the University of Montreal and was seconded to the Department of External Affairs from 1977 to 1979 where he worked in the Energy Transportation and Communications Division. He is an ex-officio member of the Board of the Canadian Cultural Research Network. His principal interest is in linking cultural policy with cultural research.

7Rosaire Garon détient une maîtrise en sociologie décernée par l’Université Laval. Il effectue des recherches au sein du ministère de la Culture et des Communications du Québec depuis plus de trente ans. Ses principaux travaux, au cours des dernières années, ont porté sur les pratiques culturelles de la population, sur la conception d’indicateurs de développement culturel et sur l’évaluation des politiques culturelles. Il s’intéresse également au financement de la culture et aux professions culturelles. En plus d’avoir collaboré à la rédaction de plusieurs articles dans des revues scientifiques, M. Garon a rédigé, pour le ministère de la Culture et des Communications, plusieurs ouvrages relatifs à la culture québécoise. Signalons la publication récente d’un document important, écrit en collaboration avec Lise Santerre, qui trace l’évolution des pratiques culturelles au Québec au cours de la période de 1979 à 1999, Déchiffrer la culture au Québec, vingt ans de pratiques culturelles, paru aux Publications du Québec.

8Monica Gattinger is an assistant professor in the School of Political Studies at the University of Ottawa. Her principal areas of research inquiry concern public policy, public administration, and governance, and her main research interests pertain to business-government-society relations, public consultation, and the influence of globalization on public policy and public administration. Her research projects and publications examine these themes principally in the fields of cultural policy, energy policy and regulation, and Canada-United States relations. She is co-author, with Bruce Doern, of Power Switch: Energy Regulatory Governance in the Twenty-First Century (2003).

9Allan Gregg is one of Canada’s most respected and influential pollsters and political commentators. Over more than two decades, he has brought his skills to bear on every major social, political, and economic issue. His insight is highly sought after by chief executive officers, political leaders and the media, and he consults widely in the business community on issues ranging from corporate image and reputation to communications and marketing challenges. Allan was a pioneer in the integration of consulting, public-opinion research, public affairs, and communications. He not only has an intimate knowledge of the dynamics of policy-making but also a deep understanding of the communications processes necessary to forge a public consensus around government initiatives. Much sought after for his analysis, he is widely published and quoted. He appears on a weekly CBC National News panel, and is the host of two popular and respected talk shows—Gregg and Company and Allan Gregg In Conversation With. Currently chairman of The Strategic Counsel, a Toronto-based market research and consulting firm, he was a co-founder of Decima Research, one of Canada’s largest polling firms. He is also an entrepreneur with diverse interests in the entertainment industry, for example, in which one of his companies manages the Canadian rock band The Tragically Hip.

10M. Sharon Jeannotte is the manager of the International Comparative Socio-Cultural Research unit in the Strategic Research and Analysis Directorate of the Department of Canadian Heritage. Since 1996, her primary research focus has been on social cohesion as a horizontal public policy issue affecting Canadian society as a whole. She has produced research reports on a variety of subjects, such as the impact of value change on Canadian society, international definitions of social cohesion, the points of intersection between cultural policy and social cohesion, the role of cultural participation and cultural capital in building sustainable communities, culture and volunteering, the use of gambling revenues to fund culture, the role of culture and heritage in everyday life, and youth “on-line” culture. During her long career in the Government of Canada she has been a corporate strategic planner in both the Department of Canadian Heritage and the former Department of Communications. She has held positions as a social policy analyst, a program officer providing grants for information technology applications in the cultural field, and a writer and editor in several other government departments.

11Karim H. Karim is an associate professor at Carleton University’s School of Journalism and Communication. He is currently a visiting scholar at Harvard University (2004-05), and is leading an international project on intellectual debates among Muslims. He has published internationally on issues of culture and citizenship. He is editor of The Media of Diaspora (2003) and author of the award-winning and critically-acclaimed Islamic Peril: Media and Global Violence (2000). Prior to July of 1998 he was a senior researcher at the Department of Canadian Heritage and chaired the Federal Digitization Task Force’s Access Policy Group. He attended Columbia and McGill universities.

12Judith A. Larocque holds a master of arts in public administration and an honours bachelor of arts in political science from Carleton University. She has a broad and varied experience in government. She started her career in 1979 at the Public Service Commission. She was a procedural officer at the House of Commons from 1982 to 1984. She has occupied the positions of chief of staff to the Government Leader in the Senate and minister of state for federal-provincial relations, and she has also been the executive assistant to the minister of justice and attorney general for Canada. From 1990 to March of 2000, she was the secretary to the Governor General, secretary general of the Order of Canada, secretary general of the Order of Military Merit, and herald chancellor for Canada. In April 2000, she became an associate deputy minister of Canadian Heritage. In April 2002, the prime minister appointed her deputy minister of Canadian Heritage.

13John Meisel is the Sir Edward Peacock professor of political science emeritus at Queen’s University in Kingston. His first paper on cultural policy, “Political Culture and the Politics of Culture,” appeared in the Canadian Journal of Political Science in 1974. He has kept a watching brief on cultural policy ever since. In the early 1980s he was chair of the Canadian Radio Television Commission. In 2002 he was chosen as the first winner of the John Meisel Award for Excellence in Cultural Research. Contrary to appearances, it was not he who established the award.

14Colin Mercer is the managing director of Cultural Capital Ltd, a company specializing internationally in strategic research and development for the cultural sector. Formerly he was the U.K’s first professor of cultural policy and director of the Cultural Policy and Planning Research Unit at Nottingham Trent University. From 1984-1998 he worked in Australia where he was director of the Institute for Cultural Policy Studies and associate professor in Cultural Policy and History at Griffith University. He is co-author of The Cultural Planning Handbook and many other publications in the field of cultural policy and cultural studies and has been responsible for a number of urban, regional and community cultural mapping, policy and planning frameworks which repositioned the arts and cultural resources in strategic and mainstream contexts. Most recently he has been project director and author of the book Towards Cultural Citizenship: Tools for Cultural Policy and Development, commissioned by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (sida) and published in November 2002.

15Catherine Murray is an associate professor of communication at Simon Fraser University. She is currently a member of the National Action Research Roundtable on Managing Communications and Public Involvement, the Board of Governors for sfu and on the Board of bc Film. She edited the inaugural conference proceedings of the ccrn and co-authored Researching Audiences (2003). She is a frequent public commentator on media and cultural issues.

16Gilles Paquet is a professor emeritus and senior research fellow at the School of Political Studies at the University of Ottawa. He has authored and edited a number of books and published a large number of papers on economics, economic history, public management, and governance issues. He is the president of the Royal Society of Canada and the editor-in-chief of For additional information, see his Web site,

17Christian Poirier is a postdoctoral researcher at the School of Political Studies at the University of Ottawa. His research interests include policies of ethnic diversity management, cultural policies, interest groups, and the relationship between citizens and the state. He is the author of Le cinema québécois. À la recherche d’une identité?, Tome 1; L’imaginaire filmique. Tome 2; and Les politiques cinématographiques (2004), and has contributed several chapters to other books and articles published in scientific journals. A native of Quebec City, he has a doctorate in political science from l’Institut d’Études Politiques de Bordeaux.

18Tom Sherman is an artist and writer. He works in video, radio and live performance, and writes all manner of texts. His interdisciplinary work has been exhibited internationally, including shows at the National Gallery of Canada, the Vancouver Art Gallery, the Musée d’art contemporain, the Museum of Modern Art, Documenta, and Ars Electronica. He represented Canada at the Venice Biennale in 1980. In 2003 he was awarded the Canada Council’s Bell Canada Award for excellence in video art. He performs and records with Bernhard Loibner in Vienna in a group called Nerve Theory. His most recent book is Before and After the I-Bomb: An Artist in the Information Environment (2002). He is a professor in the Department of Art Media Studies at Syracuse University in New York, but considers the South Shore of Nova Scotia his home.

19Dick Stanley is the former director of the Strategic Research and Analysis Directorate of the Department of Canadian Heritage of the Government of Canada, where he directed a team of social science researchers exploring issues of social cohesion, cultural diversity, and citizenship and identity. He is currently a visiting scholar at the Robarts Centre for Canadian Studies at York University, and manager of the Initiative to Study the Social Effects of Culture, a research partnership of Canadian Heritage, University of Ottawa, and the Canadian Cultural Research Network. He has written on such diverse topics as economic development in the third world, management information systems, outdoor recreation demand, and measuring the non-market values of wilderness areas. His current interests include the role of social cohesion in producing social well-being, and the effects of cultural participation on social development. He is a graduate of Carleton University and the New School for Social Research in Sociology.

20Will Straw is an associate professor within the Department of Art History and Communications Studies at McGill University. He is on the editorial boards of Screen, Cultural Studies, The Canadian Journal of Communications, Social Semiotics, Space and Culture and numerous other journals. He is the co-editor, with Simon Frith and John Street, of the Cambridge Companion to Pop and Rock, and, with Jody Berland and Dave Tomas, of Theory Rules: Art as Theory, Theory and Art (1996). His articles on music, film, and culture have appeared in several anthologies and journals. Currently, he is a member of a five-year research project on The Culture of Cities, which is funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada under their Major Collaborative Research Initiatives Program. His current research focuses on the print culture of scandal and exposé in the 1920s and 1930s.

© Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa | University of Ottawa Press, 2005

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