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Defending a Contested Ideal

 | 
Luc Juillet
, 
Ken Rasmussen

Index

Texte intégral

Abbott, John, 32

Aboriginal peoples, 13, 92, 100, 102, 104-105

Access
to public employment, 10, 19
to positions in the civil service, 35, 106, 164, 165

Accountability agreements, 191-194, 219

Acts. See
Civil Service Acts (1868, 1882, 1908, 1918, 1921, 1961)
Civil Service Reform Act (1978)
Employment Equity Act (1995)
Financial Administration Act (1985)
Official Languages Act (1969)
Pendleton Act (Civil Service Reform Act) (1883)
Public Service Employment Acts (1967, 2003)
Public Service Staff Relations Act (1967)
Public Service Reform Act (1992)
Public Service Modernization Act (2003)

Addison, Ruth E., 87, 96

Adie, Robert E, 17

Administrative reform, 14, 21, 28, 97, 142-143, 155, 160-165, 178, 185, 203-204

Advisory Committees
Advisory Committee on Labour-Management Relations in the Federal Public Service (Fryer Committee, 2001), 203
Prime Minister’s Advisory
Committee on the Public Service (2008), 232-233
Advisory Committee on Senior Level Retention and Compensation (Strong Committee, 1997-2008), 203
Advisory Committee on Personnel
Policy, 161

Agent of Parliament, 8, 16, 144, 168, 209

Agocs, Carole, 121

Amoroso, Margaret, 220

Anglo-American democracies, 2-4, 228-229, 230-231

Appeals, 11, 12, 75, 85, 86, 93, 98, 109, 112-113, 115, 136, 138, 160, 161, 167, 172, 173, 210, 213, 216, 218, 219

Appointments
delays in, 76
responsibility for, 67
to level, 171
to the public service, 10

Archibald, Kathleen, 72, 121

Armit, Amelita (ed.), 219, 220

Arthur Young and Company, 58, 72

Association of Professional Executives of the Public Service of Canada (APEX), 176, 182

Aucoin, Peter, 127, 148, 149, 150, 152-153, 179, 220, 229, 236

Auditor General
HR study (2000), 198, 199-204

Australian Public Service Commission, 229-230

Australian Board of Commissioners, 229-230

Bakvis, Herman, 220

Balance between
competing values, 137, 138, 145, 146, 176, 217-218
efficiency/flexibility versus competence/non-partisanship, 178
neutrality/independence versus effectiveness/loyalty, 131-132
right of an individual and the duty of an individual, 132

Barrados, Maria, 200, 221

Bean, Daryl, 175

Beatty Royal Commission. See Royal
Commission on Technical and Professional Employees (1929-30)

Benoît, Liane E., 129, 149

Best, Robert, 17

Bilingualism, 6, 13, 86, 92, 103, 226

Bill C-26. See Public Service Reform Act (1992)

Biography of an Institution, 44, 47, 72, 95

Bland, Charles H., 61-62, 63

Board of Civil Service Examiners (1868), 27

Board of Civil Service Examiners (1882), 28-32, 34, 41

Borden, Robert, 18, 35-40, 41, 46

Bourgault, Jacques (ed.), 149, 219, 220

Bourgon, Jocelyne, 198

Brady, Alexander, 73

British Civil Service Commission, 28, 29, 42, 67, 76, 133, 138

Brook, Douglas A. (ed.), 17

Brown, Robert Craig, 46

Burgess, Alexander, 33

Cabinet, 8, 20, 22, 35, 36, 39, 43, 44, 51, 57, 66, 68, 69, 70, 79, 89, 99, 111, 113, 115

Caiden, Gerald, 72

Campbell, Colin, 237

Canada School of Public Service, 211, 232

Canadian Centre for Management Development, 211, 220, 17. See also Canada School of Public Service

Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom (1982), 106

Cappe, Mel, 204

Career Assignment Program, 210

Career programs
Accelerated Executive Development Program (AEXDP), 210
Career Assignment Program, 210
Career Assistance Program, 103
Interchange Canada, 210
Management Trainee Program (MTP), 210

Carroll, Barbara W., 176

Carson, John J., 7, 98, 1 10, 121, 221-222

Carter, Jimmy, 4, 229

Casey, George Elliot, 26-28

Casey committee, 27-28

Chapman, Richard, 230, 236

Chrétien, Jean, 144, 184, 185, 203, 218

Christoph, James B., 122
Civil Service Acts
1868, 30
1882, 28, 31-32, 41
1908 (amendment), 35-36, 38, 53, 61, 71
1918, 48, 49, 50, 51-52, 56, 57, 61, 64, 71, 77, 84, 103, 106, 166
1921 (amendment), 60
1961, 12, 81, 86, 98, 103, 106

Civil Service Commission (CSC)
1908, 3, 19, 40-42
1918, 40-42
conflict with Treasury Board, 12, 76
devolution of authority, 89
independent arbitrator, 85
recruitment and audit capacity, 90
role of, 9, 20
serving broader national interests,
70

Civil Service Commissions. See
Australian Civil Service Commission
British Civil Service Commission
New Zealand Civil Service Commission
United States Civil Service Commission

Civil Service Commissioners. See
Public Service Commission Commissioners

Civil Service Reform Acts
1883 (Pendleton Act), 3
1978, 229

Civil Service Reform League of Canada, 62

Classification
of position, 57-65
standards, 98
system, 101

Clerk of the Privy Council, 130, 145, 165, 181, 198, 204, 205, 210, 227, 232, 236

Cloutier, Sylvain, 121

Cole, Taylor, 95

Collective bargaining
Preparatory Committee on Collective Bargaining in the Public Service (1965), 86
employee rights, 85-86, 182, 210

Commission. See Public Service Commission of Canada (PSC)

Commission of Inquiry into
Sponsorship Program and Advertising Activities (2005), 129-130

Commissions
Courtney Commission. See Royal Commissions to Enquire into and Report upon the Operation of the Civil Service Act and Kindred Legislation (1907-08)
Gomery Commission. See Commission of Inquiry into Sponsorship Program and Advertising Activities (2005)
Gordon Commission. See Royal Commission on Administrative Classification in the Public Service (1946)
Hague Commission. See Royal Commission Appointed to Enquire Into Certain Matters Relating to the Civil Service of Canada (1892)
Heeney Commission. See Report on Personnel Administration in the Public Service (1959)
Lortie Commission. See Royal Commission on Electoral Reform and Party Financing (1992)
Royal Commission on Government Organization (1960-62), 87, 96

Committees
Advisory Committee on Labour-Management Relations in the Federal Public Service (Fryer Committee, 2001), 203
Select Committee Appointed to Inquire into the Present Condition of the Civil Service (Casey Committee, 1877), 26-28
Consultative Committee on the Review of Staffing Delegation (1996), 192
Special Committee on Employer-Employee Relations in the Public Service of Canada (Finkelman Committee, 1974), 171
Special Committee on the Review of Personnel Management and the Merit Principle (D’Avignon Committee, 1979), 13, 110, 114-118, 133-134, 137, 138, 171, 182

Consultative Committee on the Review of Staffing Delegation (1996), 192

Consultative Review of Staffing (1996). See Consultative Committee on the
Review of Staffing Delegation

Courtney Commission. See Royal Commissions to Enquire into and Report upon the Operation of the Civil Service Act and Kindred Legislation (1907-08)

Courtney, John, 38

Creighton, Donald, 72

CSC. See Civil Service Commission

Curry, Bill, 151

D’Aquino, Tom, 128

D’Avignon Committee. See Special Committee on the Review of Personnel Management and the Merit Principle (1979)

D’Avignon, Guy, 115, 166

Dawson, Robert MacGregor, 44, 45, 46, 68-69, 73

Decentralization of government functions, 74, 75, 88, 98

Delegation, 191-194
Agreements, 160, 162, 191, 193, 219
instruments, 160, 192
of staffing authority, 75, 86, 87, 98,
160, 162, 163, 165, 191, 200, 201, 205, 206, 216, 227
to deputy ministers, 98, 211

Diefenbaker, John, 86, 87

Dion, Stéphane, 149

Directional Statement, 1999 (A Strengthened Focus for the Public Service Commission of Canada), 184, 194-199
divesting the Public Service Commission of its program and operational responsibilities, 219

D’Ombrain, Nick, 215, 223

Downsizing program (1985), 152-154, 156

Du Gay, Paul, 71, 237

Edwards, John, 97, 110, 120

Eighth Annual Report to the Prime Minister on the Public Service of Canada (2001), 222

Emmert, Mark A., 72

Employment
Casual, 172-173
in the public service, 118, 127-128, 129, 132, 138, 147, 159, 173-174

Employment equity, 6, 93, 105, 173, 208,217

Employment Equity Act (1995), 104, 105, 121

Federal Court of Appeal (1988), 138, 173

Fesler, James W., 96

Financial Administration Act (1985), 206

Finer, Herman, 96

Finkelman Committee. See Special Committee on Employer-Employee Relations in the Public Service of Canada(1974)

Finkelman, Jacob, 182

First World War. See World Wars

Fisher, Sidney, 18

Forseth, Paul, 151, 214, 223, 224

Francoli, Paco, 223

Francophones, 57, 100-105

Frankel, Saul J., 95

Franks, C. E. S, 17

Fraser decision (1985), 135-137

Fraser, Neil, 135-137

Fryer Report. See Advisory Committee on Labour-Management Relations in the Federal Public Service (2001)

Gallant, Edgar, 110, 134, 135

Giroux, Robert, 142, 151, 152, 168, 176, 183

Glassco Commission. See Royal Commission on Government Organization (1960-62)

Goldwin, Robert A. (ed.), 47

Gomery Commission. See Commission of Inquiry into the Sponsorship Program and Advertising Activities (2005)

Gordon Commission. See Royal Commission on Administrative Classification in the Public Service (1946)

Gordon, Walter, 76

Gorringe, Peter, 236

Governance of Canada, 2, 225

Governor General, 18, 22, 40, 222

Gowan, Peter, 44

Grant, W.L., 62, 73

Guay, Monique, 214-215, 223

Gusella, Mary, 198

Hague Commission (1892), 32-34. See also Commissions

Hague, George, 32

Halligan, John, 17

Hamilton, Sir Horace, 76

Hartle, Douglas, 122

Hawke, Jim, 142, 151

Heclo, Hugh, 17, 107, 122, 235, 237

Heeney, Arnold D. P., 74, 81-87, 95, 166

Heeney Commission. See Report on Personnel Administration in the Public Service (1959)

Heeney report, 86

Hennessy, Peter, 16

Himmelfarb, Alex, 210

Hodgetts, J.E. (Ted), 17, 44, 47, 72, 79-80, 95, 222

House of Commons, 8, 18, 40, 59, 64, 66, 68,70, 83, 93, 101, 175,209, 215, 216, 217

Hubbard, Ruth, 188, 198, 215, 220, 223

Hughes, S. H. S., 95

Human resources management, 15, 16, 176, 184, 199-204
fragmentation of responsibility, 201, 206-212
framework, 15, 204, 205, 232
system, 199
reform of, 184-185, 199-204, 205, 206-212

Impartial political advice, 2, 107, 189

Impartiality
civil service, 29, 49, 94, 109, 136, 137, 138, 140
public servants, 49, 107, 136
responsible government, 142

Increased Ministerial Authority and Accountability (IMAA), 163

Ingraham, Patricia Wallace, 7, 16, 17, 236

Inside Service, 31, 39, 40, 42, 48, 52. See also Outside Service

Institute of Public Administration of Canada (IPAC), 47, 95, 219, 220

Johnson, Donald, 104

Johnson, Nevil, 96

Joint Consultation Committee, 161. See also Unions

Josie, Gordon H., 72

Juillet, Luc, 179, 181

Kealy, David, 71

Kernaghan, Kenneth, 44, 47, 108, 122

Kim, Pan S., 121

King, Mackenzie, 68, 76

Kingsley, J. Donald, 101, 121

Kirby, Michael J., 118-119, 123

Knott, Jack H., 123

Kroeger, Arthur, 225, 236

Labelle, Huguette, 157

Lacombe, Trefflé, 164-165, 181

Laframboise, L., 121

Lambert Commission. See Royal Commission of Inquiry on Financial Management (1979)

Langton inquiry (1869), 24, 27

Langton, John, 24

Language
programs, 103
qualifications, 84, 103, 213
representation, 92, 93, 100-105
requirements, 56-57, 59, 70
training, 7, 98, 103, 155, 211. See also Canada School of Public Service

La Rochelle, Michel, 41

Laurier, Wilfrid, 35, 37-38, 40, 41, 66

Lépine, Geneviève, 73

LeSueur, William, 33-34

Létourneau, Gilles, 180
“Let the managers manage”, 91, 153

Lewis, Gregory B., 72

Lortie Commission. See Royal Commission on Electoral Reform and Party Financing (1992)

Lowe, Graham, 72

Macdonald, Flora, 123

Macdonald, sir John A., 23, 31, 66

Macdonnell, J. J., 110

Magrath, C. A., 46

Manion, John L., 149

Manion, Jack, 128

Marshall, John, 46

Marx, Fritz Morstein, 96

Mazankowski, Don, 128, 232

McDougal, J. L., 32

McInnis Royal Commission (1882), 28-31, 32

Mclnnis, Senator D., 28

McLeod, T. H., 96

Members of Parliament (MPs), 8, 35, 42, 51, 64, 66, 68, 69

Merit
application of, 59, 87, 131, 172, 190
assessment of, 1, 3, 29-30, 50, 170
“best qualified”, 7
definition of, 7
right to participate in the political process, 134, 137
representation of underrepresented groups, 226-227
principle of, 5-9
promotion and protection of, 89

Merit-based
appointments, 15, 131, 189, 213, 230
classification, 57-65
public service, 23, 59, 61
recruitment, 7, 49
staffing system, 3, 4, 57, 225, 227-228, 230

Merit principle, and
bilingualism, 103, 226, 93
employment of women, 51-57
French-speaking Canadians, 100- 105
gender, 55-56, 93, 100-105
veterans preference, 53, 56, 78, 84
young men, 25, 30

Merit system, creation of, 48-71

Mill, J. S., 45

Millar, See Osborne decision

Miller, Gary J., 123

Mingus, Matthew, 179, 181

Minns, Bob, 229-230

Ministerial responsibility, 8, 11, 22, 35, 39, 43, 51, 64, 65, 66, 67, 113, 226

Moses, Judith, 151

Mosher, Frederick C., 121

Mulroney, Brian, 14, 15, 124, 125, 126-127, 128, 130, 131, 141, 142, 147, 152-153, 154, 155, 159, 160, 163, 163, 173, 177, 178, 234

Nachmais, David, 121

National Action Committee on the Status of Women, 176

National Joint Council of the Public Service, 78

Neutrality. See Non-partisan.

Newcombe, E. L., 66

Newman, Christina, 96

Newman, Peter C., 96, 148

New Public Management (NPM), 14, 120,154-160, 178, 188

New Zealand Civil Service Commission, 3, 230

New Zealand State Services Commission, 230

Nielsen, Erik, 128, 155

Nielsen Task Force. See Task Force on Program Review, Management of Government – Procurement, Spending Smarter (1984)

Non-partisan
Appointment, 106
public service, 11, 16, 19, 67, 68, 70, 117, 132, 142-143, 168, 232

Northcote, Sir Stafford, 3

Northcote-Trevelyan report, 3, 21, 26

O’Connor, Loretta J., 149

Office of Equal Opportunity for Women, 103

Official Languages Act (1969), 97

Osborne decision (1991), 97

Outside Service, 52. See also Inside Service

Oversight, 8, 9, 15, 39, 49, 68, 90, 111, 116, 154, 177, 185, 187, 194-199, 209, 211, 212, 218, 219, 228, 231

Owram, Douglas, 45, 46, 73

PS 2000. See Public Service 2000

PSC. See Public Service Commission of Canada (PSC)

PSC Presidents
Maria Barrados, 200, 221
Charles H. Bland, 61-62, 63
John J. Carson, 7, 98, 110, 121, 221-222
Edgar Gallant, 110, 134, 135
Robert Giroux, 142, 151, 152, 168, 176, 183
Arnold D.P Heeney, 74, 81-87, 95, 166
Ruth Hubbard, 188, 198, 215, 220, 223
S.H.S. Hughes, 95
Huguette Labelle, 157
Michel La Rochelie, 41
Scott Serson, 198-199, 207, 217, 224
Adam Shorn, 41, 60

PSEA. See Public Service Employment Acts (1967, 2003)

PSMA. See Public Service Modernization Act (2003)

PSRA. See Public Service Reform Act (1992)

Panet, Edouard de B. (Major-General), 76

Paquet, Gilles, 123, 220, 238, 239

Parris, Henry, 45, 47

Patronage
appointments, 20, 21, 24, 37, 38, 40, 49, 67-68, 108
bureaucracy, 23, 26, 82, 117, 217
system, 8, 9, 10-11, 18, 19, 22-23, 25-28, 32, 37-38, 62, 66, 67, 85, 112, 117, 166, 233

Pearson, Lester B., 86, 103

Pelletier, Paul, 95

Pendleton Act (1883), 3

People with disabilities, 92, 104

Peters, B. Guy, 17, 151, 220, 233, 236

Pfiffner, James P., 17

Pierre, Jon, 17, 151, 233, 236

Political
activities, 124, 132-134, 137, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 145-147, 205
participation, 13, 134, 135, 139, 145-146
neutrality. See Impartiality
patronage. See Patronage

Political rights
Subsections 33(l)(a) and (b) of the PSEA, 132, 138, 141, 143, 144
Guidelines on Employee Rights and Responsibilities During an Election, 140
of public servants, 138, 143

Pope, Maurice (ed.), 73

Pope, sir Joseph, 66-67

Prime Minister, 20, 22, 40, 234

Prime Minister’s Advisory Committee on the Public Service (2008), 232

Prince, Michael J., 148, 179

Principles
of neutrality, 70, 71, 92, 135
of merit, 117, 189
of equal pay, 59

Priority Administration System, 156

Priority entitlements, 187
disabled, 55, 56
veterans, 11, 53, 54, 57, 78, 81, 84

Privy Council Office, 93, 90, 128, 144, 177, 187, 190, 208-209, 225, 232

Program Review: a major restructuring of the public service, 185-191, 192, 194

Promotions and appointments, 2, 3, 21, 22, 25, 27, 28, 29-30, 34, 49, 50, 76, 84, 89, 115, 117, 135, 164, 182, 189, 229

Public Policy Forum, 176

Public sector unions. See Unions

Public service
as a career system, 61
neutrality of, 11, 16, 19, 67, 68, 70, 117, 132, 142-143, 168, 232
politicizationofthe, 50, 124, 131-146
representative, 13, 100-105
values, 7, 49. See also Values

Public Service 2000, 14, 142, 163, 165-169, 177, 218

Public Service Agency of Canada, 105. See also Public Service Human Resources Management Agency of Canada, 209

Public Service Alliance of Canada, 146, 175, 215

Public Service Commission of Canada (PSC)
agent of change , 226
annual report to Parliament, 52
audit agency, 87-92, 110, 119
dual personality: parliamentary agent and an executive office, 212, 228
executive functions, 75, 78, 166
guardian of merit and non-partisanship, 157, 178, 195
independence of, 9, 15, 31, 36, 40, 43, 57, 65-70, 75, 79-80, 93, 128, 178, 196, 202, 208-209, 227-228
origins of, 18-44
oversight role, 191, 199, 212, 218, 219
parliamentary agency, 189, 202, 207, 217
role of, 4, 8, 10, 13
safeguarding key values, 190, 196, 199, 227
statutory independence, 227, 228
voice of caution, 7.226

Public Service Commission origins, 18-44

Public Services Commission reforms, 152-178

Public Service Commission repositioning, 184-219

Public Service Commission Commissioners
John Edwards, 97, 110, 120
Mary Gusella, 198
Trefflé Lacombe, 164-165, 181
Ginette Stewart, 186, 193, 198
Anita Szlazak, 110

Public Service Employment Act (PSEA) 1967, 12, 92, 97, 106, 109, 115, 118, 129, 157-158, 159, 161, 164
2003, 13, 151, 132, 147
subsections 33(l)(a) and (b), 132-133, 138

Public Service Human Resources Management Agency of Canada, 209. See also Public Service Agency of Canada

Public Service Modernization Act (2003)
amends the Financial Administration Act, 206
independence of the PSC strengthened, 206
merit is redefined, 205, 212-218
more extensive delegation of staffing, 205
PSC loose most of its appeals functions, 210-211
redistribution of roles among central agencies, 205, 206-212

Public Service Reform Act (1992)
absolute standard rather than a relative one, 169-170
acceptance of layoffs due to outsourcing, 173 attack on the merit principle, 170
appeal procedures, 172
appointing employees to level, 170-172
deployments, 171-172
eligibility lists, 173
employment equity programs, 173
more flexible regime for casual employees, 172-173

Public Service Staffing Tribunal, 211

Public Service Staff Relations Act (1992), 97

Public Service Staff Relations Board (PSSRB), 99, 136, 173

Public Service 2000, 14, 142-143, 163- 164, 165-169
changing how people are managed, 165
clarify distribution of personnel
management responsibilities, 166
White Paper, 167, 169

Quail, Ranald A., 205

Quail Task Force. See Task Force on Modernizing Human Resources Management (2001)

Quiring, D. D., 180

Rasmussen, Ken, 238

Reagan, Ronald, 153, 155

Recruitment
agency, 42, 75, 77, 79
French Canadians, 79, 91, 103
young men, 25

Recruitment services. See Staffing, recruitment and assessment services

Report of the Office of the Auditor General, 156-160

Report on Employer-Employee Relations in the Public Service of Canada, 171

Representative Public Service, 13, 100-105

Report on Personnel Administration in the Public Service (Heeney Commission, 1959), 12, 81-87

Review of Staffing Policies and Practices (1985), 160, 192

Riddle, John, 182

Ritchie, Ronald S., 96

Roberts, Alasdair, 47

Robertson, Gordon, 145

Robillard, Lucienne, 151, 205, 213, 223

Rohr, John A., 45, 235, 237

Rosenbloom, David, 121

Royal Commissions
Royal Commission Appointed to Enquire Into Certain Matters Relating to the Civil Service of Canada (Hague Commission, 1892), 32-34
Royal Commission on Administrative Classification in the Public Service (Gordon Commission, 1946), 12, 76-81, 90
Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism (1968), 92, 103
Royal Commission on Electoral Reform and Party Financing (Lortie Commission, 1992), 141-142
Royal Commission on Government Organization (Glassco Commission, 1960-62), 12, 87-92, 96, 97, 98, 110, 111, 153
Royal Commission of Inquiry on Financial Management (Lambert Commission, 1979), 13, 110-114, 120

Royal Commission on Technical and Professional Employees (Beatty Commission, 1929-30), 48, 64, 80

Royal Commission on Status of Women (1970), 103

Royal Commissions to Enquire into and Report upon the Operation of the Civil Service Act and Kindred Legislation (Courtney Commission, 1907-08), 38-39

Ryan, Alan, 45

Saint-Martin, Denis, 179

Sallee, Mikitin, 236

Savoie, Donald J., 145, 148, 150, 151, 179, 181, 190, 215, 220, 221, 234, 237

Schumpeter, Joseph A., 1, 16

Scott, Graham, 236

Scott, Reid, 95-96

Select Committee Appointed to Inquire Into the Present Condition of the Civil Service (Casey Committee, 1877), 27-28

Self, Peter, 95

Selection standards, 98-99

Separate agencies: a two-tier public service, 29, 38-39, 190

Serson, Scott, 198-199, 207, 217, 224

Service delivery. See Directional Statement (1999)

Shortt, Adam, 41, 60

Skelton, Oscar Douglas, 46

Skocpol, Theda, 72

Skowronek, Stephan, 225, 236

Smith, Peter, 45

Sondik-Aron, Cindy, 46

Sossin, Lome, 122

Special Committees
Special Committee of the House of Commons on Electoral Reform (the Lortie Commission, 1992), 142
Special Committee on the Review of Personnel Policy and the Merit Principle (the D’Avignon Committee, 1979), 110, 115, 133, 171

Staff associations. See Unions

Staffing
collaboration with departmental managers, 159
delegation, 75, 86, 87, 98, 160, 162, 165, 191, 200, 201, 205, 206, 216, 227
flexibility and efficiency, 6, 7, 12, 13, 15, 124, 154, 160, 163-165, 174, 177, 178
merit-based. See Merit-based staffing system
moving away from direct control, 194, 195
policies, 54, 112, 160, 162, 192
rules-based, 194
speed of, 161, 162
values-based, 191-194, 199

Staffing Delegation and Accountability Agreements (SDAA), 192

Staffing, recruitment and assessment services, 211
cost-recovery, 232

Staffing reforms, 152-178

Statutory responsibilities, 158. See also Public Service Commission of Canada(PSC) Stevenson, William (Supreme Court Justice), 135

Stewart, Ginette, 186, 193, 198

Stewart, Gordon T., 44, 45

St. Laurent, Louis, 81

Storing, Herbert J., 47

Subramaniam, V., 121

Suleiman, Ezra, 2, 16, 17, 233, 236, 237

Sutherland, Gillian (ed.), 45

Swettenham, John, 71

Swimmer, Gene, 176

Szablowski, George, 237

Szlazak, Anita, 110

Task Forces
Task Force on Modernizing Human Resources Management (2001), 205, 207, 210
Task Force on Program Review, Management of Government-Procurement-Spending Smarter (1984), 154, 155-156, 163, 165

Task Force on Modernizing Human Resources Management (2001), 205, 207, 210
greater flexibility in staffing rules, 205
further delegation of authority to departmental managers, 207

TBS. See Treasury Board Secretariat

Tellier, Paul M., 130, 165-167, 181, 232

Thatcher, Margaret, 153

Thomas, Paul G., 7, 219, 220

Thompson, James R., 123

Toupin, Gilles, 149

Training and development, 11, 79, 98, 104, 205, 206, 232

Treasury Board (TB), 12, 51, 74, 76, 77-80, 83, 87, 89-90, 99, 102, 104, 110, 111, 127, 140, 155-156, 157, 163, 166, 167, 169, 177, 187, 200, 206-207, 210, 213, 217, 225, 232

Treasury Board Secretariat (TBS). See also Treasury Board, 12, 99, 110, 140, 156, 157, 163, 166, 169, 177, 187, 210, 232

Tremblay, Pierre, 149

Trevelyan, sir Charles, 3

Trudeau, Pierre Elliott, 103, 118, 126, 136, 234

Turmel, Nycole, 146, 215, 223

Unions, 70, 93, 97, 99, 109, 174, 175, 182, 215, 216

U.S. Civil Service Commission, 225

Values
balance of. 5-9
core, 9
of the public service, 7, 49

Values-based staffing, 11

Veterans, 11, 50, 51-57, 78, 81, 84

Visible minorities, 13

Weller, Patrick, 122

West, William F., 122

Williams, Chris, 71

Willison, John S., 35, 46

Wilson, Graham, 237

Wilson, V. Seymour, 72

Whitaker, Reg, 46

White Paper on Public Service 2000 (88 recommendations), 167, 169

White, Peter, 126

Women, 11, 50, 102, 117, 137, 176

Women representation, 13, 51-57, 92, 100, 103-104, 105

World Wars
First, 42, 48, 50, 54-55, 70
Second, 7, 11, 54, 56, 71, 74, 76, 79, 81

Young men, 24-25, 27

Zussman, David, 148, 179

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