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Rethinking Canadian Aid

Stephen Brown
Molly den Heyer
David R. Black


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1François Audet is Professor at the School of Management, Université du Québec à Montréal, and the Scientific Director of the Canadian Research Institute on Humanitarian Crisis and Aid (OCCAH). He holds a PhD in Public Administration at ÉNAP for his research on local capacity building and decision-making processes of humanitarian organizations. He has been a visiting scholar at Harvard University’s Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research. He also has over fifteen years’ experience in humanitarian action. He was previously Head of the Regional -Delegation of East Africa and the Indian Ocean for the Canadian Red Cross, and also served as Program Director for CARE Canada. He worked for several years in Latin America and Southeast Asia on behalf of the Canadian Centre for International Study and Cooperation, where he served as chief of humanitarian aid projects in Honduras and Vietnam.

2Stephen Baranyi is Associate Professor at the School of International Development and Global Studies at the University of Ottawa. He currently works at the nexus of development and security, on the challenges of reforming state security agencies, development cooperation, and gender equality in fragile states, particularly in Haiti. Prior to joining the University of Ottawa in 2008, he worked as a principal researcher at the North–South Institute, a grant manager at the International Development Research Centre, a policy adviser to Canadian government agencies, and a human rights advocate for various NGOs in Europe. He has lived in Central America, the Caribbean, and Europe, and has conducted field missions to numerous countries in Africa, the Americas, and Asia. He has published widely on issues of peacekeeping, peacebuilding, security sector reform, and gender in fragile and conflict-affected states, as well as on Canadian policy in these areas.

3David R. Black is the Lester B. Pearson Professor of International Development Studies and Professor of Political Science at Dalhousie University in Halifax. His research has focused on Canada’s role in Sub-Saharan Africa, with an emphasis on development assistance, human security, multilateral diplomacy, and extractive industry investment; post-apartheid South Africa in Africa; and sport in world politics and development. He is the author or editor of numerous articles, chapters, and collections on these subjects.

4Stephen Brown is Professor of Political Science at the University of Ottawa. He is the author of numerous publications on foreign aid, and editor of Struggling for Effectiveness: CIDA and Canadian Foreign Aid (2012). He has published widely on democratization and political violence in Sub-Saharan Africa, and is currently working on issues relating to aid effectiveness and policy coherence.

5John D. Cameron is Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of International Development Studies at Dalhousie University. His current research, funded by SSHRC and IDRC, analyzes processes of indigenous self-governance in Bolivia, as well as global citizenship and representations of poverty and development by international humanitarian agencies.

6David Carment is Professor of International Affairs at Carleton University and has over eighteen years’ experience in policy relevant research on fragile states, conflict prevention, mainstreaming risk analysis, and aid allocation. He led a CIDA-funded initiative on mainstreaming research on failed and fragile states into policy making over the 2005–08 period. He also served on the OECD/DAC’s working group on fragile states. He has developed risk analysis training workshops for NGOs in Africa, Asia, and Europe. He is the editor of Canadian Foreign Policy Journal.

7Adam Chapnick is the Deputy Director of Education at the Canadian Forces College, and an Associate Professor of Defence Studies at the Royal Military College of Canada. He is the author or editor of five books and over thirty refereed articles and book chapters on Canada’s international policy.

8Christina Clark-Kazak is Associate Professor at York University’s bilingual Glendon College. Her research interests include age mainstreaming, political participation of young people, methodology in interdisciplinary contexts, and international development policy and programming, particularly in contexts of conflict and migration. She teaches undergraduate, graduate, and professional development courses related to research methodology, migration, international development, peace and security, child rights, and gender. Since 1999, she has also worked as a development practitioner and consultant for the Canadian government, non-governmental organizations, and the United Nations. Christina is currently serving as editor-in-chief of Refuge: Canada’s Journal on Refugees.

9Molly den Heyer is Senior Program Analyst with the Coady International Institute at St. Francis Xavier University, and Research Fellow with the Centre for Foreign Policy Studies at Dalhousie University. Her areas of expertise include critical approaches to aid administration, planning, monitoring and evaluation, aid policy, research methods, participation, and development theory. Molly holds a PhD in Interdisciplinary Studies from Dalhousie University and an MSc in Rural Planning and Development from the University of Guelph.

10Gabriel C. Goyette is coordinator of the Centre d’études de l’Asie de l’Est and a PhD student at the Université de Montréal. He specializes in public policy analysis in the field of development assistance, and particularly on linkages between international norms and national practices, as well as the role of the private sector in Canadian aid. He is an international correspondent for the French journal Techniques financières et développement and acts as a trainer and consultant for many Canadian NGOs and associations. He is the author of the article “Les transformations de l’aide canadienne: Quelle efficacité pour quel développement?” (2011).

11Themrise Khan has almost twenty years of experience in South Asia as a research, evaluation, and communication professional, working with a range of bilateral and multilateral agencies and non-profits. Originally from Pakistan, Themrise has worked across sectors ranging from gender and marginalized groups to aid effectiveness, local governance, and civil society initiatives. She has worked closely as a consultant with major donors such as CIDA, DFID, various UN agencies, and the World Bank. She is currently based in Ottawa as an independent researcher and policy analyst. Themrise has a bachelor’s degree in Environmental Studies from York University and an MSc in Development Management from the London School of Economics as a British Council Chevening Scholar.

12Laura Macdonald is Professor in the Department of Political Science, and the Director of the Institute of Political Economy at Carleton University. She has published books and articles on North American relations, civil society, development and democratization, Canadian foreign policy toward Latin America, and Mexican social policy.

13Justin Massie is Professor of Political Science at the Université du Québec à Montréal, and Research Fellow at the Centre interuniversitaire de recherche sur les relations internationales du Canada et du Québec (ÉNAP). His current research focuses on Canada’s strategic cultures and transatlantic burden-sharing in contemporary peace operations. He is the author of numerous papers on Canadian foreign and defence policy, including his latest book, Francosphère: L’importance de la France dans la culture stratégique du Canada (Montreal: Presses de l’Université du Québec, 2013).

14Olga Navarro-Flores has a bachelor’s degree in Economics and Administration and a master’s degree in International Cooperation from the Université de Sherbrooke, as well as a PhD in administration from the Université du Québec à Montreal. Her dissertation, titled “Les relations de partenariat Nord-Sud : Du paradoxe au compromis. Une étude institutionnaliste des relations entre ONG dans le secteur de la coopération internationale,” was published by the Presses de l’Université du Québec in 2009. She received the prestigious Best Thesis Award from the Institut de recherche en économie contemporaine in 2007. Before undertaking her doctoral studies, Ms. Navarro-Flores worked for more than ten years as a consultant in management and development for cooperatives, community development groups, and NGOs. She also worked as a consultant in development project and program evaluation, including policy design and development for both funding and implementing agencies. She has worked in a diversity of contexts such as Latin America, Africa, and Asia, as well as across Canada. Ms. Navarro-Flores is particularly interested in development NGOs and their relationships with the private sector, government, and other NGOs from institutional and organizational perspectives. She is also interested in project management and evaluation, gender and development issues, and inter-sector partnerships and their intrinsic power relations.

15Stéphane Roussel is Professor of Political Science at the École nationale d’administration publique (ÉNAP). From 2002 to 2012, he was Professor at the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQÀM), where he held the Canada Research Chair in Canadian Foreign and Defence Policy. His research interests relate to Canadian foreign and defence policy, with particular emphasis on relations with the United States and European countries. He currently directs three research programs: “Competing Views of Emerging Challenges in the Arctic,” “The (Neo)Continentalist Approach in Canadian Foreign Policy,” and “Quebec’s Public Opinion Attitude toward International Security.”

16Arne Ruckert is Research Associate at the University of Ottawa’s Institute of Population Health, researching health equity in the Globalization and Health Equity research unit. His principal areas of research include the international financial institutions, the international aid architecture, the financial crisis and health equity, and global health governance and diplomacy. He is co-author of Globalization and the Health of Indigenous Peoples (Routledge, 2015) and co-editor of Post-Neoliberalism in the Americas (Palgrave, 2009), and has published widely in academic journals in the area of global development and health.

17Yiagadeesen (Teddy) Samy is Associate Professor at the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University. He is also a Distinguished Research Associate with the North–South Institute in Ottawa. Samy holds a PhD in Economics and his fields of specialization are international trade and development economics. His current research focuses on aid and state fragility, aid and taxation, and income inequality. He recently co-edited (with Rohinton Medhora) the 2013 issue of the Canada among Nations series, which was on Canada–Africa Relations.

18Dominic H. Silvio is a doctoral candidate in the Interdisciplinary PhD program at Dalhousie University. His area of research is focused on the relationship between public opinion and foreign aid policy in Canada. Dominic is also a Reference and Instruction Librarian and the subject specialist for political science, international development studies, black Canadian studies, sociology and social anthropology, gender and women’s studies, and sustainability, based in Dalhousie’s Killam Library.

19Ian Smillie has delivered telephone books in Montreal, carried bags at the Banff Springs Hotel, and taught high school students in West Africa and university students at Tulane University in New Orleans. He has lived in Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Bangladesh, and Britain. He co-founded Inter Pares and was Executive Director of CUSO. Since 1983, he has worked widely as a development consultant and writer. He has written nine books, edited five, and has produced chapters for twenty-seven more. He is a leader in the campaign to end “blood diamonds,” helping to create the 80-government Kimberley Process Certification Scheme for rough diamonds. He chairs the Board of the Diamond Development Initiative and is a founder-member of the McLeod Group. His latest book, Diamonds, was published in 2014. Smillie was inducted into the Order of Canada in 2003.

20Liam Swiss is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Memorial University. His research examines foreign aid, international development, globalization, and gender and has appeared in journals such as American Sociological Review, International Sociology, and Social Forces. His current research project examines the global foreign aid network and aid’s role in the diffusion of global norms and policy models. He is a past President of the Canadian Association for the Study of International Development (CASID) and worked previously at the Canadian International Development Agency on Canada’s aid program to Pakistan.

21Rebecca Tiessen is Associate Professor at the School of International Development and Global Studies, University of Ottawa. Her research focuses on Canada and Canadians in the world, with a specific emphasis on gender equality, youth abroad, and development assistance. Her research includes a study on the impact of Canadians volunteering in international development, as well as research with civil society actors and non-governmental organizations in the global South to understand the perceptions of contributions made by Canadians and Canadian aid “on the ground.”


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