Desktop versionMobile version

Corps, travail et statut social

 | 
Anne-Catherine Gillis

Travail et Médecine

Les corps déformés par le travail. XIXe et XXe siècle

Alain Caubet

Abstract

Since Ramazzini (1633-1714), physicians know they have to ask their patient : “What is your job ?” Few texts relate the observations of professional stigmata before the period of influence of hygienists. After 1840 and the great book of Villermé, they are more concerned about the health of workers and artisans. They are forensic scientists or engineers, educated and well-meaning but their works have shortcomings ; they are not allowed to enter in the workplace (with exceptions) and good intentions shape their paternalistic advices. This explains they often insist on the role of craftto led to skeletal deformities. Before 1895 and radiography, skin lesions and abnormal silhouettes are their main topic. These professional marks have long been taught in "Industrial Hygiene", the forerunner of our Occupational Medicine. Both the approach by statistical evaluation that the improvement of working conditions have touched up clinical pictures and etiological imputations. Some lesions have disappeared ; they have been replaced by others which, in the minds of victims are no longer the inevitable result of the profession. But they are still endemic elsewhere.

The HTML, PDF, ePub formats of this book are available to the users of libraries and institutions subscribing to the OpenEdition Freemium program for Books. The book will also be available to buy in PDF and ePub formats on the websites of our partner bookstores. If a print edition of the book is available, links to bookstores will be displayed on this page.

Excerpt

La rhumatologie du xixe siècle n’est que partiellement connue ; en 2009, la Société française d’histoire de la Médecine a consacré sa journée thématique à l’histoire des maladies des os et des articulations ; les actes ont été publiés1. Comme les autres disciplines médicales, elle s’est lentement dégagée de la pratique des services de médecine tout-venant2. La radiographie, après 1895, et très vite en raison de l’extraordinaire engouement qu’elle suscita, permit un démantèlement complet des entités nosographiques anciennes, telles que le « rhumatisme chronique ». Depuis, la reconstruction de l’édifice a été lente, par le rassemblement (biochimique et génétique) de formes cliniques éparses. La thérapeutique, encore insuffisante aujourd’hui était alors d’une navrante pauvreté. L’inventaire soigneux de la bibliothèque d’un médecin thermaliste d’Ax-les-thermes, ville d’eau qui attirait les rhumatisants, a permis un inventaire chronologique des traitements proposés au fil du xixe siècle ...

Author

Université de Rennes 1

© Presses universitaires du Septentrion, 2014

Terms of use: http://www.openedition.org/6540

Search OpenEdition Search

You will be redirected to OpenEdition Search