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Figurines de terre cuite en Méditerranée grecque et romaine

 | 
Arthur Muller
, 
Ergün Laflı

1.2. Quelques thèmes

Female Protomes from Chaeroneia (Boeotia)

Protomés féminines de Chéronée (Béotie)

Victoria Sabetai

Résumé

This paper presents an assemblage of female protomes, figurines, and vases from Chaeroneia. Discussion focuses on problems of dating, creation of the type, including a wig-like hairdo, its diffusion in the sphere of the Boeotian koine, its identification with the bridal/matronal aspect of several divinities, and its function in the graves of prematurely deceased individuals.

On présente ici un ensemble de protomés féminines, figurines et vases recueilli à Chéronée. La discussion porte essentiellement sur un type de protomé caractérisé par sa « perruque à étage » : on commente sa date de création, sa diffusion dans l’aire de la koinè béotienne, son identification avec les aspects nuptiaux ou matronaux de quelques divinités, ainsi que sa fonction dans les tombes de jeunes prématurément disparus.

In memory of Mustafa Uz

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Extrait du texte

An assemblage of protomes was unearthed with a few other figurines, as well as figured and glazed pottery, at Chaeroneia in 1993 (fig. 1). This paper presents the protomes in their archaeological context focusing on their dating, distinct style, and use in the mortuary record. It highlights the problems surrounding their study by revisiting the scholarly theories put forth to explain these widely diffused terracotta artefacts, surveys their presence and role in Boeotia, and contemplates their use and function in secular and sacred, but especially funerary, contexts in order to gain a better understanding of their meaning.1

Fig. 1. – Terracottas and pottery from the Atalalis plot, Chaeroneia.

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Author’s photo.

1. Findspot and Context

The protomes were found at Chaeroneia during the opening of a cesspool on private property.2 Although the narrow pit was an unauthorized dig, the material can be assumed as deriving from a closed deposit. The presence of lekythoi, drinking pots, animal figurin...

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