Version classiqueVersion mobile

Le mouvement ouvrier écossais, 1900-1931

 | 
Christian Civardi

Annexes

Texte intégral

Tableau no 1. Le budget hebdomadaire d’une famille ouvrière en 1924

12 adultes, 3 enfants (6, 10 et 14 ans)

2Père : sous-chef de gare ; mère : au foyer

3Salaire hebdomadaire : £ 2 10/

Loyer

10s

0 d

Charbon

3

4 1/2

Gaz et éclairage

1

10

Savon, détergents

0

6 1/2

Meubles (renouvellement)

1

0

Pain (10 miches)

7

10 1/2

Farine

1

3

Viande (2,5 livres)

3

4

Bacon (1 livre)

1

9

Beurre (3 livres)

6

6

Lait (3,5 pintes)

0

10 1/2

Lard (1 livre)

0

11 1/2

Fromage (2 livres)

2

6

Thé (0,75 livres)

2

0

Sucre (4 livres)

1

2

Confiture, sirop

0

8

Condiments

0

3

Riz

0

4

Chaussures et entretien

2

0

Vêtements

3

0

Assurance et syndicat

1

3

Journal

0

2

Allumettes et bois

0

3 1/2

Poisson, café, gâteaux, cacao, légumes, fruits secs ou frais, vacances, tabac, confiserie, distractions

0

0

TOTAL DES DEPENSES

52 s

11 d

DEFICIT

2s

11 d

Source : “Report of National Wages Board”, novembre 1925, p. 104 ; cité dans M.A. POLLOCK, Working Days (Being the personal records of 16 working men and women written by themselves), Londres, Jonathan Cape, 1926, p. 52.

Tableau no 2. Les conflits du travail au Royaume-Uni, 1911-1931

Année

Proportion de syndiqués (%)

Nombre d’arrêts du travail

Total annuel des journées d’arrêt du travail (en milliers)

1911

19,0

872

10 155

1912

20,6

834

40 890

1913

24,8

1459

9 804

1914

24,7

972

9 878

1915

25,9

672

2 953

1916

27,4

532

2 446

1917

32,3

730

5 647

1918

38,1

1 165

5 875

1919

46,0

1 352

34 969

1920

48,2

1 607

26 568

1921

37,9

763

85 872

1922

32,1

576

19 850

1923

30,7

626

10 672

1924

30,9

710

8 424

1925

30,4

603

7 952

1926

28,6

323

162 233

1927

26,8

308

1 174

1928

25,9

302

1 388

1929

26,0

431

8 287

1930

25,7

422

4 399

1931

24,3

420

6 983

Source : H.A. CLEGG, A History of British Trade Unions since 1899, vol. II : 1911-1933, Oxford, Clarendon, 1985, p. 568.

Document no 1. The socialist ten commandments

  1. Love your schoolfellows who will be your fellow-workmen in life.

  2. Love learning which is the food of the mind. Be as grateful to your teachers as to your parents.

  3. Make everyday holy by good and useful deeds and kindly actions.

  4. Honour the good. Be courteous to all. Bow down to none.

  5. Do not hate or speak evil of anyone. Do not be revengeful, but stand up for your rights and resist oppression.

  6. Do not be cowardly. Be a friend to the weak and love Justice.

  7. Remember that all the good things of the earth are produced by labour. Whoever enjoys them without working for them is stealing the bread of the workers.

  8. Observe and think in order to discover the truth. Do not believe what is contrary to reason and never deceive yourself or others.

  9. Do not think that those who love their own country must hate and despise other nations, or wish for war, which is a remnant of barbarism.

  10. Look forward to the day when all men and women will be free citizens of one fatherland and live together as brothers and sisters in peace and righteousness.

4Source : The Socialist Sunday School Hymn Book, 1911.

Document no 2. “If”

5If you can get up in the early dawn, / Say, five o’clock, or even half past four;

6And Winter’s howling, snowy blizzards scorn, / In one mad gallop to the factory door:

7If you can tolerate for midday snack, / Vile ‘war bread’ smeared with oily margarine,

8And swallow liquid sugarless and black, / And kid yourself it tastes like nectarine:

9If on such muck you labour hard all day, / ‘Mid soot, and stink, and noisy wheels and belts,

10Until your back is bent, your hair is grey, / And the brain inside your skull sags in and melts:

11If you can see your wife and kiddies lack / The joys and pleasures you yourself create

12For parasites, who live upon your back, / And view with unconcern their wretched fate:

13If you can wear microbey, shoddy cloth / That blushes when it sees a bit o’real,

14And trembles in a funk at every moth, / And yet believe your garments are ideal:

15If you can hear the terms of snob contempt / Towards your class, from every upstart throat,

16And, like a louse, be ‘combed out’when exempt, / And never let such insults get your goat:

17If you can do these things with easy mind, / And live and die in slums with swine’s content,

18To every social ill be deaf and blind, / And leave it all to God and Parliament

19There is but one thing left for you to do / For mankinds sake, go out and buy a gun,

20And blow your rotten brains to bits, for you / Have no guts, my son.

21John S. CLARKE, Satires, Lyrics and Poems, Glasgow, Socialist Labour Press, 1919

Document no 2 bis. “Der labour barty”

22Der vot und Labour barty, / Mir Hendersohn der boss,
A Barty made of gingerbreads / All mit a coat of gloss;
Unt der vay dot barty misbehave / Vould make Von Engels cross,

23It flunkeyed to der lordlings / Unt bent der servile knee
To ev’ry dirty schweinhund / In der plutocracy!
Unt ev’ry time der Vorkers groaned, / It vispered ‘wait and see’.

24Der vorking class got angry, / Dey vouldn’t wait no more,
Dey seized dot Labour barty, / Unt mit it viped der floor -
Unt set up Vorkers’ Councils, yah! / To fight der big class var.

25Der Hendersohn protested! / But off dey make heem pop;
Der Thomas started veeping! / De vorkers make heem shstop;
Der Ward sing Rule Britannia – / Dey shloshed heemm on der kop.

26Der Hodge unt der O’Grady / Got purple in der face;
Der Roberts said, ‘How dare you?’ / ‘How dare you?’ spake der Brace;
Der vorkers smiled upon dem, / Unt den dey pushed dere face.

27Der Clynes vos feeling sickly; / Der Fur-coat had der goat;
Der Adamson for constables/Began aloud to shout!
So dey kicked heem in der belly / Till hees brains vos dropping out.

28Der vos unt Labour barty; / Vere vos dot barty now?
Vere vos der Increased Output cloud/Vot float on der Brownlie’s brow?
Vere vos der naughty Neil MacLean, / Vot to der King vos cheeky?
All goned away! No barty now! / Shoost only Bolsheviki!

29John S. CLARKE, Satires, Lyrics and Poems, Glasgow, Socialist Labour Press, 1919

Document no 3

Document no 3bis

Document no 4

Document no 5

Document no 6

Document no 7

Document no 8

Document no 9

© Presses universitaires de Strasbourg, 1997

Conditions d’utilisation : http://www.openedition.org/6540

Cette publication numérique est issue d’un traitement automatique par reconnaissance optique de caractères.
Rechercher dans OpenEdition Search

Vous allez être redirigé vers OpenEdition Search