Version classiqueVersion mobile

Héros ou personnages ?

 | 
Myriam Dufour-Maître

Index des notions

Texte intégral

NB : Sans prétention d’exhaustivité, cet index cherche à cerner les principaux traits de définition du héros et du personnage dégagés dans ce volume.

Abdication, fuite, refus, 231, 234, 238

Absolu(e), 14, 15, 37, 97, 99, 102, 138, 160, 163–171, 173–175, 177, 178, 184, 185, 187–189, 196, 198, 199, 201, 205, 208, 213–215, 317

Absolutisme, 99, 101, 180, 197, 213

Adhésion, 12, 96, 107, 184, 188, 319

Admiration, 9, 11, 53, 65, 69, 72, 77, 80, 88, 92, 95, 97, 109, 244, 252, 265

Affranchir, affranchi, affranchissement, 106, 190–194, 196, 199

Agir, acte vs inaction, action bloquée, action vs comportement, 10, 12, 14, 21, 24-26, 64, 71, 74, 76, 97, 101, 102, 132–136, 142–144, 165, 170, 174, 177, 179, 182, 183, 187, 189, 193–196, 198, 199, 229, 23Ο, 232, 234, 237, 24Ο, 248, 250, 253, 254, 310, 311, 313, 319

Ailleurs, 13, 26, 111, 112, 114, 115, 117, 125, 127, 128

Aliénation, 140

Ami, amitié, 11, 16, 29, 58, 60, 147, 162, 163, 165, 178, 192, 220, 221, 224, 232, 297–300, 302, 305–308

Amour, passion amoureuse, 13, 26, 28, 51–61, 63–67, 69–80, 87–89, 98, 99, 102–104, 107, 111, 113, 115–117, 119–122, 124–127, 142, 152, 162–165, 168, 193, 195–198, 201, 214, 220, 221, 231, 233, 240, 246, 251, 252, 255, 260, 262-264, 268, 286, 303, 306, 314, 317

Amoureux, amants, intrigue amoureuse, 11, 16, 28, 38, 43-48, 51–58, 60, 61, 71, 73, 77, 85, 88, 115, 119–121, 127, 169, 193, 211, 214, 244–246, 264

Anti-héros, 131

Aristocratie, 310

Ataraxie, 232

Audace, 13, 17, 29, 57, 211, 312

Autonomie vs hétéronomie, 180, 181, 187–191, 193, 194, 198

Autorité, 29, 33, 90, 98, 101, 104, 120, 124, 190

Autre, 12, 13, 143, 162, 183, 184, 188–191, 193, 195, 198, 204–206, 208–211, 214, 216, 247, 249, 250, 253, 288, 299-302, 305, 307, 308

Aveuglement, 93, 106, 142, 161, 184, 221, 232, 239, 240

Baroque, 24, 97, 137, 159, 230

Bien (homme de) vs méchant, 142, 153, 209, 231, 250, 254, 304

Biographie, biographique, biographème(s), 52, 53, 274, 279

Bourgeoisie, 112

Bravache, 138, 140, 142

Bravade, 134, 136, 312

Burlesque, 143

Calcul, 70, 116, 120, 121, 125, 235, 236, 248, 252, 254

Caractère (ou ethos ou moeurs), 9, 26, 28, 53-55, 61, 70, 71, 75, 77, 80, 103, 106, 133, 141, 144, 192, 235, 285

Catharsis, 58, 144, 298

Changement, 8, 25, 26, 171, 173, 216, 228, 306

Chrétien, christianisme, 224, 225, 252, 265, 271, 278, 282

Cité, 160, 162, 167, 172, 174, 176–178, 180–185, 225, 300

Citer, citation, 237, 270, 282, 315

Citoyen, citoyenneté, 160, 162–164, 166, 175, 176, 178–180, 183, 184, 192, 193, 222, 223

Classique(s), classicisation, 12, 24, 32, 35, 38, 39, 41–43, 48, 109, 112, 120, 175, 207, 267, 269, 270, 274, 282, 284, 286, 289

Clémence, 15, 124, 137, 187, 191, 197, 198, 220, 222, 234-237, 248, 254, 281

Collectif, 29, 41, 46, 140, 187

Comédie, 11, 25, 51–56, 59–61, 71, 95, 132, 135, 138, 139, 144, 156, 308, 311, 315, 317

Comique, 11, 48, 51–53, 56, 58, 61, 64, 129, 142, 143, 285, 287

Commedia dell’arte, 44

Commun, communauté, homme du —, 17, 89, 160, 161, 165, 169, 172, 173, 175–180, 182–185, 222, 247, 299–304, 307, 308

Comparaison, 14, 71, 167, 282

Complexité, 39, 152, 192, 230, 235

Compromis, 74, 116, 166, 171, 182, 198, 233, 240, 269

Connaissance, 207, 229, 230, 239, 240, 270

Conseil, conseiller, 76, 187, 192, 221, 222

Constance, 15, 68, 74, 97, 105, 107, 163, 220, 221, 223–225, 278

Construction (du personnage), 8, 21, 134

Contextualisation vs décontextualisation, 309

Convenance vs disconvenance, 27, 53, 55, 56, 58, 65, 76, 77

Conversion, 129, 130, 224, 225, 253

Corps, corporéité/corps mystique, politique, 14, 15, 53, 78, 98, 99, 102–105, 149, 159–164, 167–169, 171, 172, 174–176, 179–182, 184, 185, 203, 206, 207, 212, 215, 216, 235, 298, 312, 318

Corpus (cornélien), 21, 60

Coupable, 122, 125, 223, 247

Couple, 12, 45, 73, 116, 117, 119–121, 161, 167, 202, 203, 210, 211, 216, 253, 277, 288

Courage, 29, 30, 53, 68, 93, 103, 135–137, 176, 225, 245, 276, 310, 314

Crainte, 70, 93, 100, 144, 165, 300, 303

Décision, décisionnisme, 25, 101, 165, 168, 234, 255

Défamiliarisation, 31

Défense, 134, 176

Démolition, 99

Dépendance/indépendance/interdépendance, 189–191, 194, 233, 285

Désir, 12, 15, 86, 155, 163, 182, 185, 193–196, 203–205, 210–216, 228, 231, 232, 247–253, 255, 256, 277, 278

Devoir, 15, 112, 115, 121, 124, 125, 127, 140, 141, 153, 164, 165, 170, 180, 195, 211, 213, 215, 216, 223, 239, 251, 260, 300, 312

Dialogue, dialogisme, 13, 17, 99, 140, 279, 316, 320

Différence des sexes, 15, 63, 67, 68, 76, 166, 203, 205

Diffraction, 155

Dignité, 14, 58, 63, 71, 72, 74, 77, 78, 91, 102, 105, 106, 120, 152, 162–169, 173, 175, 184, 197, 220, 251, 267

Dilemme, choix forcé, 8, 133, 141, 189, 192, 193, 249–254

Dissimilation, 45

Distribution, 27, 37, 48

Division, 15, 39, 40, 178, 202, 204, 214–216, 251, 253–256

Donquichottisme, 143

Double, 9, 24, 102, 138, 210, 211, 213, 214, 288

Doute, 9, 220, 222, 233, 234, 237

Doxa (critique), 54, 262

Dramaturgie, 7, 12, 21, 22, 27, 57, 63, 78, 79, 95, 96, 105, 201, 230, 252, 253, 282
Φ Acteur (premier, second), 7, 11, 12, 16, 21, 32, 35, 37–41, 43, 44, 47, 48, 56-58, 74, 129, 147–150, 298, 304, 311, 315, 317
Φ Action, 27, 28, 32, 44, 54, 56–58, 61, 71, 74, 101, 113, 123, 125, 134, 149, 150, 229, 231–234, 252, 264, 265, 267, 282, 285, 287, 300
Φ Motivation rétrograde, 56
Φ Scène (à faire/à ne pas faire), 56, 271

Effet (du héros, du personnage), 8, 97, 98, 100, 107, 156, 198, 241

Emphase, 137, 283

Empire, 101, 164–166, 176, 208

Emploi, 10, 11, 29, 36, 37, 39, 48, 58, 197

Énergie, hypotypose, 318

Enseignement, école, 16, 17, 261–263, 274, 277, 290, 294

Espace, 9, 10, 13, 25, 26, 32, 33, 111, 113–115, 118, 127, 156, 170, 184, 319

Essence, essentialisation, 12–14, 96, 98, 105, 150, 193, 228, 230, 240

État, 58, 71, 74, 97, 106, 111–113, 117, 121, 122, 124, 125, 127, 159, 161, 162, 168, 170, 171, 173, 195, 197, 210, 211, 213, 214, 219, 220, 222, 263, 288, 301

Éthique, 298

Ethos, voir Caractère

Exemple, exemplarité, 151, 167, 221, 224, 237, 249, 273, 297, 304, 306

Existence, 7, 15, 171, 182, 228, 230, 232, 233, 238, 240, 241, 278, 310, 311

Famille, 25, 29, 32, 66, 162, 164, 168, 203, 210, 213, 279, 316

Fanfaron, fanfaronnade, 129–132, 287

Fantasme, 16, 104, 205, 210, 299, 318

Féminin/masculin, genre (gender), queer, 12, 15, 63-72, 76-80, 95, 101, 105, 107, 168, 202, 203, 206, 207, 211, 215

Féodal, féodalité, féodalisme, 211, 213, 214, 310, 313

Fiction, 22, 29, 31, 99, 102, 104, 108, 130, 143, 161, 220, 222

Force, 64, 101, 102, 104, 121, 125, 127, 164, 194, 198, 222, 234, 241, 263, 268, 287, 307

Fragilité, 60, 131

France, Français, 112, 115, 161, 229, 253, 263-265, 275

Franchissement, 115, 311–313, 315, 318

Galant(e), galanterie, 12, 25, 63, 64, 73, 74, 77–79, 98, 101, 102

Généreux, générosité, 95, 98, 118, 124, 223, 225, 236, 245, 248, 300, 301, 305

Genres dramatiques (définition, hiérarchie, etc.), 61, 132, 150, 308, 313

Gloire, 9, 64, 75, 84, 88, 95–97, 99, 104, 111, 113, 116, 117, 121, 122, 124–127, 139, 140, 162–170, l8l, 194, 209, 215, 220, 227, 229–231, 238–241, 245, 251, 252, 263, 280, 317

Grand, grandeur vs bas, bassesse, 63, 65, 93, 97, 100, 101, 107, 112, 127, 155, 156, 162, 167–169, 175, 187, 191, 192, 194, 210, 263, 264, 310, 311, 317

Grandir, 319

Guerre, 58, 102, 104, 112, 117, 163–166, 170, 176, 178–180, 313, 317

Histoire, 7, 11, 12, 14, 31, 70, 87, 91, 99’103, 119, 124, 127, 170, 171, 173, 208, 217, 265, 277, 282, 303, 309, 311, 313

Historicisation, 107

Honneur vs infamie, 9, 25, 88, 91, 104, 121, 124, 136, 140, 164–169, 171, 174, 176, 177, 192–194, 197, 212–214, 216, 220, 246, 251, 264, 277, 312, 318

Horreur, 60, 151, 197, 206, 220, 233, 239, 240

Humain, humanité/inhumain, 14, 16, 78, 113, 116, 121, 122, 124, 142, 167–169, 171, 177, 184, 185, 187, 191, 195–199, 204, 205, 207, 219, 221–223, 238, 267, 275, 277, 299, 302, 304, 305, 307, 308, 314

Hyperbole, 287

Idéal, idéalisme, 73, 77, 97, 102, 103, 105, 107, 118, 127, 143, 160, 168, 173, 177, 203, 215, 216, 223, 232-234, 238, 240, 267, 299, 304

Identité, 10, 21–24, 30, 32, 106, 130, 139, 144, 167, 169, 173, 183, 205, 208, 211

Image, imaginaire, 29, 52, 53, 102–105, 111, 123, 131, 134, 161, 166, 174, 178, 182, 201, 207, 211, 297, 299-301, 308

Individu, individuation, individualisme, 13, 14, 29, 86, 97, 125, 127, 134, 135, 140, 160–162, 164, 165, 167–169, 172–174, 176, 177, 179–181, 184, 185, 189, 196, 199, 204, 210, 299–302

Infini, 248, 252

Innocence, 58, 232

Invention, 32, 60, 67, 86, 87, 285

Ironie, 14, 93, 137, 174, 236

Jouissance, 212, 248

Jugement, 107, 112, 113, 116, 123, 168, 170, 173, 195, 252

Larmes, 68, 69, 170, 203, 220, 224, 301, 318

Lazzi, 36

Liberté, 14, 15, 84, 187–197, 199, 209, 220, 223, 224, 232, 251, 281, 310, 316

Lignée, 23, 24, 126

Loi, 78, 79, 122, 125, 162, 164, 167, 169, 173–175, 184, 188, 189, 193, 212–215, 220, 225, 226, 235

Lumière, éclat, 95, 97, 102, 105, 165, 204, 233, 311, 313, 315

Lyrisme, 121

Machiavélisme, 177, 222, 225

Maître, maîtrise, 63, 65, 66, 72, 76, 78-80, 133, 134, 142, 162, 172, 176, 187, 193, 195, 196, 220, 222, 227, 234-236, 238, 278

Majesté, 102, 106, 122, 313

Majuscule, 173, 177, 243, 244, 246

Marionnette, 131

Martyr, martyre, 221, 224, 253

Masque, 13, 147, 149–151, 153, 155, 156, 224

Mauvaise foi, 130

Mémoire, 29, 31, 120, 123, 227, 230, 235, 309

Mensonge, 13, 27, 29, 32, 33, 129, 130, 134, 139, 143, 224

Merveille, 13, 23, 55, 95

Métamorphose, 25, 26, 32, 104, 105, 216

Métonymie, 13, 135, 247, 248, 320

Meurtre, 121, 122, 170, 177, 209, 213, 214, 253, 285, 288

Modèle, modélisation, 30, 37, 39, 44, 63, 64, 66-68, 70, 76-78, 95, 98–102, 105, 107, 111, 116, 119, 166, 167, 196, 203, 260, 275, 281, 300, 302

Moeurs, voir Caractère

Moi, 15, 96, 97, 142, 196, 202, 204, 214, 226, 235, 253, 255, 256

Monarque vs sujet, 89, 98, 100, 101, 105, 124, 127, 161, 169–171

Monologue, 140, 282

Monstre, 70, 153

Morale, moralisation, moralisme/immoralité, 9, 14, 16, 56, 119, 125, 126, 150, 151, 156, 171, 173, 178, 188, 196, 213, 215, 220, 231, 260, 262, 265, 267, 269, 275, 280, 299, 303, 304, 307, 310, 313, 318

Mort, représentations de la — /immortalité, 12, 15, 52, 75,

113, 115–117, 120, 122, 125–127, 169–171, 177, 178, 184, 185, 192, 194–197, 201, 202, 204–208, 210, 212–217, 233, 240, 252, 253, 317

Mythe (personne ou personnage érigé en —, mythe critique), 8, 10, 84, 212, 278, 280, 287–289, 309, 317

Mythologie, 208, 212, 277, 280

Naïf, 45, 130, 277

Naissance, 14, 58, 107, 149, 162, 165, 168, 190, 193, 194, 221

Nature, 9, 14, 66, 68, 70, 72, 76, 78, 98, 105, 122, 162, 164–166, 168, 171–173, 180, 184, 189, 203, 213, 228, 244, 277

Nécessité, 9, 57, 72, 78, 141, 162, 196, 228, 286

Noble, noblesse, 58, 65, 71, 75, 78, 127, 129, 130, 132, 137, 143, 175, 176, 178, 197, 198, 210, 213, 231, 301, 311

Nom, nommer, 12, 14, 84, 91, 115, 135, 136, 162–165, 167–171, 175, 183, 243, 244, 246, 256

Norme, normativité, 79, 80, 140, 304.319

Numen, 98

Obéir, obéissance, 60, 90, 98, 122, 125, 127, 188, 195, 311

Ordinaire, banal vs extraordinaire, 13, 53, 55, 112, 113, 117, 120, 126, 127, 133, 202, 214, 229, 234-236, 249, 311, 313, 315

Paraître, 16, 23, 30, 96, 99, 141, 144, 172, 173, 181, 183, 230, 312

Parallèle (de Corneille et de Racine), 66

Pari, 251

Parlure, 136, 139, 141

Parodie, 30, 130, 136, 139, 314

Parole, 10, 13, 27, 28, 30, 32, 129–145, 147, 151, 153–155, 310, 311

Parricide, 12, 86, 91, 124, 152, 168, 169, 297

Partie (de la troupe), 38, 39, 42, 43, 45, 48

Passions (nature, rôle, hiérarchie), 55, 75, 76, 80, 87, 205, 220–222, 235, 277, 278, 304, 311

Pathétique, 60, 61

Patrie, patriotisme, 58, 75, 159, 160, 163–165, 167–169, 176–178, 181, 184, 260, 263, 264, 281, 317

Perfection vs imperfection, faiblesse, hamartia, 12, 67, 69, 72, 76, 78, 79, 135, 167, 175, 207, 215, 250, 277, 301, 3°3

Performatif, 156

Péril (du héros), 13, 71, 74, 88, 133, 228, 229, 231, 234, 240

Peuple, 89, 106, 109, 125, 151, 160, 163, 166–168, 171, 172, 174–176, 178–181, 183, 184, 241, 245, 254, 313

Phraséologie, 137, 138

Pitié/compassion/commisération, 16, 57, 88, 124, 162, 163, 167, 168, 239, 244, 298, 300–308

Place, 11, 28, 39, 45-48, 53, 61, 85, 87, 88, 174

Politique (le), 14, 74, 168, 170, 171, 203, 208, 211, 220, 302

Pouvoir, 7, 70, 79, 90, 98, 101, 108, 111, 114, 115, 117, 119–121, 123–127, 132, 142, 165, 167, 170, 175, 179, 180, 183, 192, 197, 198, 203, 206, 213, 222, 223, 234, 236, 25I, 252

Présence, 24, 54, 85, 90, 93, 96, 98, 106, 204, 210, 216

Prix, 11, 33, 220, 231, 243, 248, 250

Psychologie, 70, 72, 204

Public vs privé (voire intime), public de la représentation, 16, 27, 86, 97, 115, 117, 127, 152, 159–162, 164–166, 168–172, 175, 176, 178, 196, 210, 222, 235, 252, 310–315, 319

Publier, publication, 224

Pulsion, 194, 202, 204–207, 213, 216, 319

Pureté vs impureté, purification, 178, 190, 240

Queer, voir Genre

Raison, rationalité, rationalisme, 8, 38, 114, 116, 117, 124, 125, 165, 169–171, 181, 220, 228, 231, 277, 278

Reconnaissance, 98, 104, 107, 109, 124, 134, 137, 150, 176, 181–184, 191, 299

Réécriture(s), censure, coupes, corrections, etc., 270, 271, 318

Réemploi, 53

Regard, 12, 33, 95–97, 99–103, 105-109, 141, 164

République, républicanisme, 188, 190, 192, 194, 198, 220, 221, 223

Résignation, 230, 233, 234, 238

Résistance, 64, 79, 80, 92, 142, 152, 154, 173

Ridicule, 11, 51–56, 61, 129, 132, 135, 137

Risque, 116, 130, 133, 134, 144, 174, 250-252, 255, 313

Roi, prince, monarque, 11, 38, 53, 57, 58, 60, 92, 93, 98, 100–102, 105–107, 109, 112, 116, 117, 119–127, 132, 135, 152, 155, 161, 166, 168, 187, 194, 196–198, 231, 232, 234, 235, 244, 245, 263, 276, 304, 307, 317

Rôle, 10 12, 29, 31, 35-37, 39, 42, 43, 46–48, 54, 68, 93, 106, 149, 190, 202, 282

Rome, Romain(e)(s), romanité, 14, 60, 66, 73, 75, 84-88, 91–93, 103, 117, 122–124, 160, 162–181, 183, 184, 188–190, 192–196, 208, 209, 219–223, 225, 251, 252, 254, 255, 263–265, 277, 283, 285, 314, 317

Ruse, 152, 162, 172, 191, 193, 224

Rythme, 11, 26, 27, 32

Sacré, sacrilège, 210, 223, 224

Sacrifice, 59, 61, 64, 69, 113, 124, 162, 168, 177, 184, 224, 318, 319

Sagesse, 9, 15, 220, 221, 226, 287

Saint, sainteté, 173, 224, 285, 304

Sentiment, 66, 67, 71, 75, 87–89, 91, 121, 147, 167, 183, 196, 225, 265, 276, 281, 282, 287, 301–307

Sentimentalité, 12, 63, 66, 67, 71, 72, 78, 79

Servir, service, servitude, asservissement, 14, 38, 112, 120, 121, 125, 178, 181, 188, 190–198, 247, 254

Sexe, sexualité, 15, 63, 69, 70, 78, 202–205, 208, 211

Signifiant, 102, 248

Singularité, 104, 127, 135, 181

Sociabilité, 307

Société, ordre social, 9, 111, 115, 188, 190, 195, 197–199, 206, 210, 211, 213, 214, 216, 220, 319

Solipsisme, 240

Solitude, 141, 142, 152, 181, 262

Sort, 119, 123, 142, 193, 228, 238, 245

Souverain, souveraineté, 95–97, 100, 101, 106, 108, 109, 126, 161, 163, 165, 171, 175, 178, 180, 183, 184, 192, 196, 222, 235

Spectacle,37, 111, 112, 123, 150, 310

Stoïcisme, néo-stoïcisme, 220, 222, 223

Stratégie, 134, 152

Style, genus dicendi, 286

Sublimation, 216

Sublime, 13, 98, 102, 112, 116, 117, 125, 126, 128, 129, 248, 278, 316, 318

Suicide, 73, 74, 86, 92, 169, 174, 224, 233.234, 249

Sujet, assujettissement, dépendance, 98, 100, 104, 106, 126, 162, 168–171, 175, 179, 184, 185, 188–191, 194, 197, 199

Sujet, subjectivité, subjectivation, 14, 15, 22, 29, 67, 72, 78, 141, 178, 201–203, 205, 207, 208, 219, 228, 229, 231, 246, 247, 251, 253, 254, 256, 307

Temps, temporalité, 10, 13, 22, 27, 97, 99, 103, 104, 107, 211, 212, 228

Terreur, 107, 206, 239, 298, 302, 303, 3°5

Théâtralité, 97, 141, 170, 313, 315

Tragi-comédie, 41, 43, 57, 151, 216

Tragique, 11, 13, 16, 48, 52, 71, 73, 105–107, 121, 129, 143, 144, 208, 216, 225, 235, 273

Trahison/loyauté, 156, 181, 221, 238, 247, 249, 250

Transcendance, 8, 215, 217

Transgression/interdit, 69, 72, 88, 111, 115, 240, 316

Transmission, 16, 151, 274, 309, 317, 320

Troupe, 10, 11, 35-45, 47, 48

Type, 10, 11, 29, 42, 44, 47, 51, 53–55, 61, 65, 130, 138

Tyran, tyrannie, 70, 100, 101, 106, 107, 122, 164, 172, 178, 179, 193, 198, 209, 220–223, 245

Ubris, 129, 213

Unité vs dualité, 151, 203, 253

Universalité, 96, 106, 107, 267

Usage (linguistique), 12, 21, 136, 205, 229, 244, 267

Utilité, 88

Valeurs, 10, 11, 66, 96, 98, 99, 103, 104, 112, 115, 116, 120, 121, 126, 160, 162, 164, 166, 171, 176, 177, 207, 213, 275, 277

Vertu(s), 12–14, 27, 68–70, 91, 104, 107, 113, 126, 127, 151, 154, 156, 167, 172, 173, 176–180, 185, 192, 195, 220, 222, 223, 225, 226, 235, 241, 246, 267, 269, 281, 287, 299, 300, 317

Vieillesse, 51, 52, 60, 212, 268, 316

Violence, 70, 97, 101, 102, 219, 222, 238, 316

Voix (phônè) vs langage (logos), 12, 147–151, 154–156

Volonté, 8, 13, 64, 115, 117, 123, 125, 126, 160, 164, 165, 172, 173, 175, 177, 196, 222, 227–231, 233–236, 238–241, 278, 284, 287

Vrai, 14, 84, 111, 117, 127, 140, 151, 167, 168, 173, 175, 194, 234, 235, 268, 270

Vraisemblance (ordinaire, extraordinaire) vs invraisemblance, 53, 55, 77, 78

Vulnérabilité, 99

Witz, 254

Zèle, 126, 160, 161, 169, 170, 172, 179

© Presses universitaires de Rouen et du Havre, 2013

Conditions d’utilisation : http://www.openedition.org/6540

Rechercher dans OpenEdition Search

Vous allez être redirigé vers OpenEdition Search