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Le campus

Christina Cameron
Claudine Déom
Nicole Valois


Texte intégral

1 This guide book is based on a study of the heritage values of the Université de Montréal’s main campus, which was undertaken by its authors in 2007-2008. This study was part of a process for developing a new master plan for the space belonging to the University, initiated by the Vice-rectorat of planning. It is entirely appropriate for the University authorities to be concerned with the protection of the campus heritage. In 2005, the historic and natural sector of Mount Royal, of which the campus of the Université de Montréal forms a part, was designated as an official heritage site by the Ministère de la Culture, des Communications et de la Condition féminine du Québec. This heritage area is unique in Canada, and the presence of the University on the north side of the mountain contributes greatly to its character.

2 To evaluate the heritage value of the campus, the team from the Canada Research Chair on Built Heritage of the School of Architecture in the Faculté de l’aménagement undertook a research project in three phases. The first phase began with the assembly of brief information files on each of the campus buildings and landscape areas. The second phase focused on the development and implementation of evaluation tools, used to determine the heritage value of the various components of the campus. The third phase aimed at assessing the heritage values of the campus as a whole. The results of this research offered the University a valuable decision-making tool, essential for responsible planning, development and management of the territory.

3 The methodology used to determine the heritage values of the site was based on the assessment methods used by the Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office (FHBRO), modified and adapted for use on a university campus. The research team examined the campus buildings, using criteria to assess the historical associations, architecture and environment of each structure. For the assessment of the landscape components, the team applied a combination of two methods: first, a characterization of the landscape; then a second evaluation using an existing model designed to evaluate heritage value at American and Canadian university campuses. The first contributed to the identification and characterization of landscape objects, providing the criteria used to divide the territory into homogeneous entities. The second method provided evaluation criteria for each landscape entity. The dual character of the campus – with its remarkable woodlands on one side and designed spaces on the other – led to a new method of evaluation.

4 The study on the heritage values of the main campus of the Université de Montréal (May 2008) is available on the website of the Canada Research Chair on Built Heritage:

  • 1 The essential publications about Université de Montréal’s main campus include Canadian Centre for (...)

5 Several works published in the past have made it possible to learn about the history of the University and the evolution of its main campus. 1 This present work is distinguished from previous works through its focus on the architecture, street furniture and landscapes of the campus; in brief, a focus on the physical campus – both its natural features and subsequent human interventions – throughout the period of its development. It is designed to provide information on the varying locations of the main campus, highlighting their specific characteristics. But beyond a description of their physical attributes and certain historical notes, the guide attempts to underscore the relationship between the various elements of the campus. It is through these connections that one can read the rich legacy of natural features, designed landscapes and architecture.

6 This guide begins with an overview of the physical evolution of the main campus of the University from its inception on the north side of Mount Royal to the present date. Following this brief historical review, readers are invited to discover the buildings and landscape features of the campus through six geographic and thematic circuits.

7 Photographs and detailed maps augment the text in order to enhance its reading and facilitate walking tours of the campus.

8 This guide was created for past and present members of the University community, but it will also be of interest to those desiring to delve into the history of Montreal, as well as to students studying the evolution of 20 th-century architecture and landscape design. Through this guide, readers are invited to unearth and discover the rich and diverse heritage of the entire territory of Université de Montréal’s main campus.


1 The essential publications about Université de Montréal’s main campus include Canadian Centre for Architecture, Ernest Cormier and the Université de Montréal (1990) and Hélène-Andrée Bizier’s L’Université de Montréal: la quête du savoir (1993). See the selective bibliography for complete references.

© Presses de l’Université de Montréal, 2010

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