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Leibniz et Diderot

 | 
Christian Leduc
, 
François Pépin
, 
Anne-Lise Rey
, 
et al.

I. La question du matérialisme

Was Diderot a Spinozist?

Ansgar Lyssy

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Excerpt

The Enlightenment should not be understood as a single historical event, a homogeneous politico-philosophical movement, or a conflict with clearly denominated forces, sides or opponents. Instead it ought to be conceived of as a variety of interconnected sets of beliefs, political imperatives and public statements. But far from being strictly and systematically deduced from axioms a priori intelligible, these beliefs were developed and articulated against a complicated background of factors so diverse as, for example, the role of the church within society and personal life, the political power play between an increasingly self-conscious bourgeoisie and the established aristocrats, the use of scientific inquiry and experimentation as means of theory construction, new forms and means of communication, and cooperation and debates within the intellectual circles. The main common denominator would roughly be the belief that not only are humans capable of insight by reason, but also that t...

Author

Ludwig-Maximillians-Universität München

© Presses de l’Université de Montréal, 2015

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