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“Let Miss Jane tell the story”

Claudine Raynaud

Éléments bibliographiques

Claudine Raynaud et Valérie Croisille-Milhat

Texte intégral

A) Ernest Gaines

1-Romans, nouvelles et essais

“The Turtles.” Transfer 1, 1956. 1-9.

“The Boy in the Double-Breasted Suit.” Transfer 3, 1957. 2-9.

“Mary Louise.” Stanford Short Stories (ed. Wallace Earle Steigner and Richard Scowcroft), Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1960, 27-42.

Catherine Carmier. [1964] Chatham, N. J.: Chatham Bookseller, 1972.

“My Grandpa and the Haint.” New Mexico Quarterly 36, 1966.

Of Love and Dust. [1967] NY: Vintage Books, 1994.

Bloodline. [1968] NY: Vintage Contemporaries, 1997.

The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman. NY: Dial Press, 1971.

“Chippo Simon.” Yardbird Reader 5, 1976. 229-237.

In My Father’s House. NY: Knopf, 1978. PS3557.

“Miss Jane and I.” Callaloo 1. 3 (May 1978): 23-38.

“The Revenge of Old Men.” Callaloo 1. 3 (May 1978): 5-21.

A Gathering of Old Men. New York: Knopf, 1983.

A Lesson before Dying. New York Vintage Books, 1994.

“Bloodline in Ink.” Georgia Review 50. 3 (Fall 1996): 523-32.

Mozart and Leadbell: Stories and Essays. New York: Knopf: 2005

2-Ouvrages sur Ernest Gaines

Auger, Philip. Native Sons in No Man’s Land. Rewriting Afro-American Manhood in the Novels ofBaldwin, Walker, Wideman, and Gaines. New York and London: Garland Publishing, 2000.

Babb, Valerie Melissa. Ernest Gaines. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1991.

Beavers, Herman. Wrestling Angels Into Song. The Fictions of Ernest J. Gaines and James Alan Mc Pherson. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995.

Carmean, Karen. Ernest J. Gaines. A Critical Companion. Westport and London: Greenwood Press, 1998.

Clark, Keith. Black Manhood in James Baldwin, Ernest J. Gaines and August Wilson. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2002.

Croisille, Valérie. Identité, Communauté et Langage dans l’œuvre d’Ernest J. Gaines. Thèse de Doctorat, Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2002.

Doyle, Mary Ellen. Voices from the Quarters. The Fiction of Ernest J. Gaines. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2002.

Estes, David C. Ed. Critical Reflections on the Fiction of Ernest J. Gaines. Athens and London: The University of Georgia Press, 1994.

Gaudet, Marcia and Carl Wooton. Porch Talk with Ernest Gaines. Conversations on the Writer’s Craft. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1990.

Lowe, John Ed. Conversations with Ernest Gaines. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1995.

Page, Philip. Reclaiming Community in Contemporary African American Fiction. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1999 (“’You Don’t See What I Don’t See’: Communal Construction of Meaning in Ernest Gaines’ Fiction,” 191-221).

Simpson, Anne Κ., A Gathering of Gaines, The Man and the Writer, University of Southwestern Louisiana: Lafayette, 1991.

3-Articles sur Ernest Gaines

Andrews, William L. “‘We Ain’t Going Back There’: The Idea of Progress in The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman. Black American Literature Forum 11 (1977): 146-49.

Aubert, Alvin. "Ernest J. Gaines’s Truly Tragic Mulatto." Callaloo 1. 3 (1978): 68-75.

Auger, Philip. “A Lesson about Manhood: Appropriating ‘The Word’ in Ernest Gaines’s A Lesson Before Dying.” Southern Literary Journal 27. 2 (Spring 1995): 74-85.

Byerman, Keith E. “Ernest J. Gaines” (15 January 1933-), in Davis, M. Thadious and Trudier Harris Eds. Dictionary of Literary Biographies, Volume 33: Afro-American Fiction Written After 1955. Detroit: Gate Research, 1984. 84-95.

Beckhman, Barry. “Jane Pittman and Oral Tradition.” Callaloo 1. 3 (1978): 102-09.

Bourque, Darrell. “Looking for My Own People: The Hero in Ernest Gaines’ Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman and A Gathering of Old Men.” Griot 4. 1 (Winter 1985) 29-36.

Callahan, John F. “Image-Making: Tradition and the Two Versions of The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman.” Chicago Review 29: 2 (1977): 45-62.

Callaloo “Ernest J. Gaines: A Special Issue.” 1. 3 (1978).

Doyle, Mary Ellen. “A MELUS Interview: Ernest J. Gaines – “Other Things to Write About”. MELUS 11:2 (Summer 1984) 59-81.

—. “Ernest Gaines’ Materials: Place, People, Author”. MELUS 15:3 (Fall 1988): 75-93.

—. “Ernest J. Gaines: An Annotated Bibliography, 1956-1988”. Black American Literature Forum 24. 1 (Spring 1990): 125-150.

Folks, Jeffrey J. “Ernest Gaines and the New South.” Southern Literary Journal 24:1, 1991. 32-46.

Gaines, Ernest J. “A Very Big Order: Reconstructing Identity.” Southern Review 26 (1990): 245-253.

—. “’I hear the voices... of my Louisiana people’. A Conversation with Ernest Gaines.” Humanities: The Magazine for the National Endowment for the Humanities (July/August 1998).

Gaudet, Marcia. “Miss Jane and Personal Experience Narrative: Ernest Gaines’ The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman. Western Folklore 51: 1 (January 1992): 23-32.

Gemmett, Robert and Philip Gerber. “An Interview: Ernest J. Gaines.” New Orleans Review 1 (Summer 1969).

Hicks, Jack. “To Make These Bones Live: History and Community in Ernest Gaines’s Fiction.” Black American Literature Forum 11 (1977): 9-19.

Lepschy, Wolfgang. “A MELUS Interview: Ernest J. Gaines.” MELUS 24 (Spring 1999): 197-209.

Levasseur, Jennifer and Kevin Rabalais. “An Interview with Ernest J. Gaines”. The Missouri Review 22:1, 1999. 96-111.

Papa, Lee. “‘His Feet on Your Neck’: The New Religion in the Works of Ernest J. Gaines.” African American Review 27. 2 (Summer 1993): 187-93.

Pettis, Joyce. “The Black Historical Novel as Best Seller”. Kentucky Folklore Record 25 (1979): 51-59.

Rowell, Charles H. “The Quarters: Ernest Gaines and the Sense of Place”. Southern Review 21. 3 (Summer 1985): 733-50.

Shelton, Frank W. “A Gaines Gold Rush: A Review Essay”. Southern Quarterly 34:3 (Spring 1996): 149-153.

Thomas, H. Nigel. “The Bad Nigger Figure in Selected Works of Richard Wright, William Melvin Kelley, and Ernest Gaines”. College Language Association Journal 39. 2 (Dec 1995): 143-64

Vinson, Audrey L. “The Deliverers: Ernest J. Gaines’s Sacrificial Lambs”. Obsidian II 2. 1 (Spring 1987): 34-48.

Walker, Alice. “The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman”. New York Review of Books 21 (May 1971) 6.

4-Adaptations filmiques d’ouvrages de Gaines

The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman, réalisé par John Korty, 1974. DVD, 30ième anniversaire avec bonus, janvier 2005.

Murder in the Bayou, réalisé par Volker Schlondorff, 1997.

A Lesson Before Dying, réalisé par Joseph Sargent, 1999.

B) Contexte théorique et critique pour une étude de Miss Jane

1-Récits d’esclaves, autobiographies, sources historiques

Andrews, William. Sisters of the Spirit. Three Black Women’s Autobiographies of the Nineteenth Century. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1986.

Brent, Linda. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1973.

Botkin, B. A. Ed. Lay My Burden Down. A Folk History of Slavery. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1989. (consulté par Gaines).

Douglass, Frederick. Narrative of the Life ofFrederick Douglass, An American Slave, Written by Himself. [1845] Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University, 1967.

Crafts, Hannah. The Bondwoman’s Narrative. Henry Louis Gates, Jr. Ed. New York: Warner Books, 2002.

DuBois, W. E. B. The Souls of Black Folk. [1903] Greenwich: Fawcett Publications, Inc., 1961.

Equiano, Olaudah. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Fassa, the African, Written by Himself. London: for the author, 1789. Réédité par Paul Edwards, London: Dawsons, 1969.

Gates, Henry Louis Jr. Bearing Witness: Selections from African American Autobiography in the Twentieth Century. New York: Pantheon Books, 1991.

Griffith, Mattie. Autobiography of a Female Slave. [1857] Banner Books: University of Mississippi at Jackson, 1998.

Haley, Alex. The Autobiography of Malcolm X as told to Alex Haley. New York: Ballantine Books. 1964.

Hearth, Amy Hill, Having Our Say: The Delany Sisters’ First 100 Years. Perma Bound, 1995.

Jea, John. The Collected Works of John Jea, the African Preacher. Compiled and Written by Himself. Portsea, Eng.: for the author, 1815 (?)

Johnson, James Weldon. The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man. New York: Avon Books. 1965.

Mellon, James, Bullwhip Days. The Slaves Remember. An Oral Story. New York: Avon Book, 1988.

Seeger, Pete and Bob Reiser Eds. Everybody Says Freedom. W. W. Norton, 2001.

Washington, Booker T. Up From Slavery. New York: Avon Books. 1965.

Washington, Mary-Helen. Invented Lives. Narratives of Black Women, 1860-1960. New York, London: Anchor Books, Doubleday, 1979.

Wilson, Harriet E. Our Nig; or Sketches from the Life of a Free Black, in a two Story White House, North, Showing That Slavery’s Shadows Fall Even There. [1859] New York: Random House, 1983.

2. Romans noirs américains, « neo-slave narratives », romans historiques

Brown, William Wells. Clotel or the President’s Daughter. [1853] New York: M. E. Sharpe, Inc., 1996.

Delany, Martin. Blake, or the Huts of America. [1861] New York: Beacon Press, 1971.

Haley, Alex. Roots. [1974] New York: Dell, 1977.

Harper, Lee. To Kill a Mockingbird. [1964] NewYork: Harper, 1995

Hurston, Zora Neale, Their Eyes Were Watching God. [1937]

Urbana, Chicago and London: University of Illinois Press, 1978.

Johnson, Charles R. Oxherding Tale. [1982] New York: Plume Books, 1995.

—. Middle Passage. New York: Penguin Books, 1990.

Morrison, Toni, Beloved, London: Chatto and Windus, 1988.

Reed, Ishmael. Flight to Canada. [1976] New York: Simon and Schuster, Scribner, 1989.

Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Uncle Tom’s Cabin. New York: Bantam Classics, 1983.

Styron, William. The Confessions of Nat Turner. New York: Vintage International, 1966.

Toomer, Jean. Cane. [1923] New York: W. W. Norton, 1975.

Walker, Alice. The Third Life of Grange Copeland [1970] New York: Pocket Books, 1988.

—.The Color Purple. [1983] London: A Women’s Press Classic, 2001.

Walker, Margaret. Jubilee. [1966] Mariner Books, 1977.

—. “How I Wrote Jubilee”. Third World Press, 1977.

Washington, Mary Helen, Dessa Rose. New York: Berkeley Books, 1986.

3-Histoire et culture noire américaine (folklore, oralité)

Berlin, Ira. Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap of Harvard, 1998.

Blassingame, John. Slave Community: Plantation Life in the Antebellum South. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.

Brasseaux, Carl. A. The Founding of New Acadia: The Beginning of Acadian Life in the Mississippi Delta. New York: Penguin, 1981.

Courlander, Harold. A Treasury of Afro-American Folklore. New York: Smithmark, 1976.

Chafe, William Perry et al. Remembering Jim Crow: African Americans Tell about Life in the Segregated South. New York: New Press. 2001.

Fairclough, Adam. Race and Democracy: The Civil Rights Struggle in Louisiana, 1915-1972, Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995.

Flsher-Fishkin, Shelley. Was Huck Black?: Mark Twain and the African American Voice. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.

DeJong, Greta. A Different Day: African-American Struggles for Justice in Rural Louisiana, 1900-1970. Chapel Hill: University of South Carolina Press, 2002.

Durham, Philip and Everett L. jones. The Negro Cowboys. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1965.

Genovese, Eugene. Roll Jordan, Roll. The World The Slaves Made. New York: Pantheon Random, 1974.

Fabre, Geneviève and Robert O’Meally. History and Memory in African American Culture. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Herskovits, Melville J. The Myth of the Negro Past. [1958] Boston: Beacon Press, 1990.

Hurston, Zora Neale. Mules and Men. [1935] Urbana: The University of Illinois Press, 1978.

Levine, Lawrence. Black Culture and Black Consciousness. Afro-American Folk Thought from Slavery to Freedom. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

McPherson, James. The Black Americans: a History in Their own Words, 1619-1967. New York: T. Y. Crowell, 1984.

Nichols, Charles. Many Thousands Gone: The Exslaves’ Account of their Bondage and Freedom. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1963.

Olson, Lynne. Freedom’s Daughters: The Unsung Heroines of the Civil Rights Movement 1830-1970. New York: Scribner, 2001.

Raboteau, Albert J. Slave Religion: The Invisible Institution in the Antebellum South. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

Reisman, K. Afro-American Anthropology: Contemporary Perspectives. New York: The Free Press, 1970.

Stuckey, Sterling. Slave Culture: Nationalist Theory and the Foundations of Black America. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1987.

Twain, Mark Huckleberry Finn. New York: Scholastic, 1995.

4-Lettres noires américaines

a) Autobiographie

Andrews, William L. To Tell a Free Story, The First Century of Afro-American Autobiography, 1760-1865. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1986.

—. Ed. African-American Autobiography. A Collection of Critical Essays. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1993.

—.“The Novelization of Voice in Early African American Narrative” PMLA, January 1990, 105: 1.

Davis, Charles T. and Henry Louis Gates, Jr. The Slave’s Narrative. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Foster, Frances Smith. Witnessing Slavery: The Development of Antebellum Slave Narratives, Westport: Greenwood, 1979.

Raynaud, Claudine. “Hybridization and Marginality: Autobiographical Writings by African American Women Writers”. GRAAT n° 6 «Exil de l’auteur, exil des genres». Tours: Presses Universitaires François-Rabelais, 1990, 49-67.

Sekora, John and Darwin Turner Eds. The Art of the Slave Narrative: Original Essays in Criticism and Theory. Macomb: Western Illinois University Press, 1982.

Smith, Sidonie. Where I’m Bound: Patterns of Slavery and Freedom in Black American Autobiography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1974.

Smith, Valerie. Self-Discovery and Authority in Afro-American Narrative, Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press, 1991.

Stepto, Robert B. From Behind the Veil. A Study of Afro-American Narrative. Urbana, Chicago, London: University of Illinois Press, 1979.

Stone, Albert. Autobiographical Occasions and Original Acts. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1982.

—.The Return of Nat Turner: History, Literature, and Cultural Politics in Sixties America. London: The University Of Georgia Press, 1992.

b) Littérature

Baker, Houston Α., Jr. Black Literature in America. New York: Mc Graw-Hill Inc., 1971.

—. Long Black Song. Essays in Black American Literature and Culture [1972] Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1990.

—. The Journey Back. Issues in Black Literature and Criticism. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 1980.

—. Blues, Ideology, and Afro-American Literature. A Vernacular Theory, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1984.

Jones, Gayl. Liberating Voices. Oral Tradition in Afro-American Literature, Cambridge, and London: Harvard University Press, 1991.

Byerman, Keith E. Fingering the Jagged Grain: Tradition and Form in Recent Black Fiction. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1985.

Callahan, John F. In the African-American Grain: The Pursuit of Voice in Twentieth-Century Black Fiction. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988.

Cooke, Michael G. Afro-American Literature in the Twentieth Century. The Achievement of Intimacy. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1984.

Ellison, Ralph, Shadow and Act. [1953] New York: Random House, 1994.

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. Figures in Black. Words, Signs and the “Racial” Self. [1984] New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.

—. Black Literature and Literary Theory. New York and London: Methuen, 1984.

—. The Signifying Monkey. A Theory of Afro-American Literature. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Gloster, Hugh. Negro Voices in American Fiction. [1948] Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1965.

Jablon, Madelyn. Black Metafiction. Self-Consciousness in African American Literature. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1997.

Kawash, Samira, Dislocating the Color Line. Identity, Hybridity, and Singularity in African-American Narrative. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1997.

Misrahi-Barak, Judith. Revisiting Slave Narratives /Les avatars contemporains des récits d’esclaves. Collection «Les carnets du Cerpac» n° 2, Services des Publications, Montpellier III, 2005.

Page, Philip. Reclaiming Community in Contemporary African American Fiction. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1999.

The Personal Narrative Group. Interpreting Women’s Lives: Feminist Theory and Personal Narratives. Bloomington: Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1989.

5-Appareil théorique : quelques éléments

a) Autobiographie, diction, fiction

Cohn, Dorrit. Transparent Minds. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984.

—. The Distinction of Fiction. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Genette, Gérard. Fiction et diction. Paris: Seuil, 1991.

—. Figures III. Lyon: Chronique sociale, 1972.

Lejeune, Philippe. Je est un autre: l’Autobiographie de la littérature aux médias. Paris: Seuil, 1980.

—. Le Pacte autobiographique. Paris: Seuil, 1975.

—. Signes de vie. Le Pacte Autobiographique 2. Paris: Seuil, 2005.

De Man, Paul. “Autobiography as De-Facement” in The Rhetoric of Romanticism. New York Columbia University Press, 1984.

b) Mémoire, histoire, savoirs discrédités

De Certeau, Michel. L’Absent de l’Histoire. Paris: Marne, 1973.

—. L’Ecriture de l’Histoire. Paris: Gallimard, 1975.

—. Histoire et psychanalyse: entre science et fiction. Paris: Gallimard, 1987.

Collingwood, R. G., W. J. Van Der Dussen and Jan Van Der Dussen. The Idea of History. [1946] Oxford University Press, 1984.

Deleuze, Gilles. Kafka: Pour une littérature mineure. Editions de Minuit, 1975.

Foucault, Michel. Archéologie du savoir. Paris: Gallimard, 1968.

Halbwachs, Maurice. Les Cadres sociaux de la mémoire. [1925] Paris: Albin Michel, 1994

—. La Mémoire collective. Paris: PUF, 1950.

Hayden, White. The Tropics of Discourse: Essays in Cultural Criticism. [1978] Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985.

—. The Content of the Form: Narrative Discourse and Historical Representation. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990.

Joutard, J. Ces Voix qui nous viennent du passé. Paris: Hachette, 1983.

Le Goff, Jacques. Histoire et mémoire. [1977] Paris: Gallimard, 1988.

—. Dir. La Nouvelle Histoire. Bruxelles: Ed. Complexe, 1988.

Nora, Pierre. Les Lieux de mémoire. Paris: Gallimard, 1984, 1985.

Ricoeur, Paul. La Mémoire, l’histoire, l’oubli. Paris: Seuil, 2000.

—. Histoire et vérité. [1955] Paris: Seuil, 2001.

—. Le Temps raconté. Paris: Seuil, 1985.

Singh, Amritjit, Joseph T. Skerrett Jr. and Robert E. Hogan Eds. Memory, Narrative, and Identity. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1994.

c) Dialogisme, roman et société

Bakhtin, Mikhail, The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays [1981]. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1987.

. Speech Genres and Other Late Essays. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1986.

Bauman, Richard, Verbal Art as Performance. Prospect Heights: Waveland Press, Inc., 1984.

Baylon, Christian. Sociolinguistique. Société, langue et discours. Paris: Nathan-Université, 1991.

Bourdieu, Pierre. Ce que parler veut dire. L’économie des échanges linguistiques. Paris: Fayard, 1982.

Calvet, Louis-Jean. La Tradition orale. Paris: PUF, 1984.

Goody, Jack. The Interface between the Written and the Oral. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1987.

GRAAT n° 12, « Effets de Voix. » Pierre Gault Ed. Tours: Presses Universitaires François Rabelais, 1994.

Lucaks, George. The Historical Novel. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1983.

Rickford, John Russel. Spoken Soul. The Story of Black English. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 2000.

Sidran, Ben. Black Talk. [1971] New York: De Capo Press, 1981.

Todorov, Tzvetan. Michael Bakhtine, le principe dialogique, suivi de Ecrits du Cercle de Bakhtine. Paris: Seuil, 1981.

Vansina, J. De la tradition orale. Paris: Tervuren, 1961.

6-Ouvrages de référence

Andrews, William, Frances Smith Foster and Trudier Harris Eds. The Oxford Companion to African American Literature. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Appiah, Kwame Anthony and Henry Louis Gates, Jr. Eds. Africana: Encyclopedia of African and African American Experience. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

—. Microsoft Encarta Africana. Third Edition, 2000.

Gates, Henry Louis Jr. and Nelly McKay Eds. The Norton Anthology of African American Literature. New York, London: Norton, 1997.


Université de Picardie - Jules Verne
Spécialiste française d'Ernest J. Gaines, sur lequel elle a soutenu sa thèse de doctorat (Identité, Communauté et Langage dans l'œuvre d'Ernest J. Gaines, Université de Bordeaux III-Michel de Montaigne, 2002), Valérie Croisille-Milhat travaille sur la littérature afro-américaine contemporaine et la littérature du Sud. Agrégée d'anglais et maître de conférences à l'Université de Picardie, où elle enseigne la littérature et la civilisation américaines, elle est notamment l'auteur d'un ouvrage intitulé Ernest J. Gaines, griot du Nouveau Monde, en cours de publication aux éditions de L'Harmattan

© Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, 2005

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