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Un aliment sain dans un corps sain

 | 
Frédérique Audouin-Rouzeau
, 
Françoise Sabban

Des habitudes et de leurs effets

Amaghres. Ruptures des habitudes alimentaires chez les Touaregs de l’Ouest

Amaghres. Breakdown of food practices among the Western Tuaregs

Catherine Hincker

Résumé

Tuaregs live in a desert or semi-desert environment where they universally practise breeding large and small ruminants. In the confederation of Imededaghen, in the south-western part of the Tuareg world, the foods that constitute the basis of their nutrition are milk and meat. Cereals, considered a secondary food, are only used to make up for the absence or scarcity of one or other of these two foods.
Milk and meat have many rich and symbolic associations. Milk is the food of choice for women, whereas meat is preferred by the men.
The breakdown in food practices involves serious physical and psychic disorders. These disorders are the reflection of an imbalance between the two components of the same twin entity in which each being moves : the world of the interior and that of the outside. To restore this balance, in addition to the reintroduction of abandoned food, it is necessary also to consume tannin, primarily because of its weight of symbolism.