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Le verre du VIIIe au XVIe siècle en Europe occidentale

 | 
Inès Pactat
, 
Claudine Munier

Slovénie et Balkans

An overview of the medieval glass in Slovenia and the Balkans

Irena Lazar

Résumé

Résumé. Les recherches et les analyses de la production de verre sur les sites médiévaux en Slovénie (Celje, Ljubljana, Piran etc.) démontrent que du XIIIe au XVe siècle, les objets en verre ont été importés. On peut y trouver des produits des ateliers italiens et vénitiens ainsi que des styles typiques des centres de production allemands.
En Croatie, les sources d’archives montrent que les maîtres verriers opéraient déjà à Dubrovnik au XIVe siècle. Sur la côte Adriatique, plusieurs épaves attestent le commerce d’objets en verre provenant de différents ateliers. Les découvertes les plus anciennes datent du Xe-XIe siècle et proviennent de l’île de Mljet - Cape Stoba. Les objets en verre d’autres épaves, comme Korčula, Gnalič, Koločep etc., datent principalement des XVe-XVIIe siècle.
En Bosnie-Herzégovine, le verre médiéval révèle les influences des ateliers italiens, vénitiens, bohèmes et allemands. Malgré certains traits qui pourraient témoigner du style de production locale, la présence d’ateliers de verrier reste discutable. Les objets en verre analysés proviennent surtout des monastères (Kraljeva Sutjeska, Veličani, Biskup Konjic, Château Bobovac, etc.).

Summary. The research and analysis of the glass material from medieval sites in Slovenia lead us to believe that from the 13th to the15th century glass objects came to Slovenia as imports. Products from Italian and Venetian workshops as well as forms typical for German production centres can be found in Celje, Ljubljana, Piran, etc.
In Croatia, archive sources suggest the glass masters operated in Dubrovnik as early as the 14th century. On the sites of the Adriatic coast there is an abundance of shipwrecks with glass material from various workshops. The oldest finds are known from the island of Mljet – Cape Stoba, and are dated to the 10th to 11th century. Glass material from other shipwrecks, like Korčula, Gnalič, Koločep, etc., is mostly dated from the 15th to the 17th century.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina the medieval glass material shows influences of Italian, Venetian, Bohemian and German production centres. There are also some forms that can be ascertained as local glass styles, but the production centres are questionable. The glass finds came mostly from the sites of monasteries (such as Kraljeva Sutjeska, Veličani, Biskup Konjic, Castle Bobovac, etc.).

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Extrait du texte

The research and analysis of the glass material from medieval sites in Slovenia and the Balkans developed and became more numerous in the past fifty years. A short overview of the more recent studies over the last 10-15 years will be given here.

The research of the glass from medieval sites in Slovenia leads us to believe that from the 13th to the 15th century glass objects came to Slovenia as imports. Products from Italian and Venetian workshops as well as typical German productions can be found in Celje, Ljubljana, Piran, Slovenj Gradec, etc. In Croatia, archive sources prove the glass masters operated in Dubrovnik as early as the 14th century. Along the Adriatic coast, there is an abundance of shipwrecks with glass material from various workshops. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the medieval glass material shows influences of Italian, Venetian, Bohemian and German production centres. There are also some forms that can be ascertained as local glass styles, but the production centres are...

Auteur

University of Primorska, Faculty of Humanities, Titov trg 5, 6000 Koper, Slovenia.

© Presses universitaires de Franche-Comté, 2020

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