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Crisis to Collapse

 | 
Tim Cunningham
, 
Jan Driessen

III. Ruin

8. The End of the Early Bronze Age in the Southern Levant

Urban Crisis and Collapse seen from two 3rd Millennium BC-Cities : Tell esSultan/Jericho and Khirbet al-Batrawy1

Lorenzo Nigro

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Extrait du texte

The destruction horizon is the force carrier of archaeological interpretation, but however straightforward they might seem at first, the closer you look, the less you know.

Introduction

During the last 18 years, Sapienza University of Rome has carried out excavations in Palestine at the key-site of Tell es-Sultan, ancient Jericho (Nigro 2016a), famous in archaeology since the epic work of Dame Kathleen M. Kenyon (Kenyon 1957 ; 1960 ; 1965 ; 1981 ; Kenyon & Holland 1982 ; 1983), but also a symbol for the ‘crisis & collapse’ phenomenon due to the Biblical account of Joshua (Josh. 6). We have also excavated in the Jordanian highlands at the top-hill of Khirbet al-Batrawy (Nigro 2006a ; 2008 ; 2009a ; 2010a ; 2010b ; 2012a ; 2012b ; 2013a ; 2013b ; 2016b ; 2016c). Both Tell es-Sultan and Khirbet al-Batrawy grew as fortified cities during the first urban floruit of the Southern Levant in the Early Bronze Age - between the end of the 4th and the second half of the 3rd millennium BC.

In t...

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