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Minoan Archaeology

Sarah Cappel
Ute Günkel-Maschek
Diamantis Panagiotopoulos

Peer Pressure: Social Structures from a “Minoan” Perspective

All Aboard: The Longboat and a Heterarchical Interpretation of the Mochlos Cemetery*

Steven T. Karacic

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Studies of Prepalatial society on Crete have changed in the past 30 years, with the focus shifting from hierarchical to heterarchical forms of social organization. While these recent approaches have altered the understanding of several sites, the hierarchical interpretation of the Mochlos community has gone largely unchallenged. A reexamination of the evidence and theory for this interpretation suggests that the Mochlos community may not have been as hierarchically stratified as has previously been argued.
Reanalysis of the data, focusing on grave goods and their role in the funerary ritual, provides an alternative to the hierarchical model. This different approach suggests the community consisted of a number of households who sent trading expeditions to other parts of the Aegean. In order to support these voyages, the households needed to maintain networks of debt. Deaths upset these networks, and funerary rituals provided a means of re-establishing the balance of debts. The deposit...

© Presses universitaires de Louvain, 2015

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