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Minoan Archaeology

 | 
Sarah Cappel
, 
Ute Günkel-Maschek
, 
Diamantis Panagiotopoulos

Table des matières

Sarah Cappel, Ute Günkel-Maschek et Diamantis Panagiotopoulos

Preface and Acknowledgements

Sarah Cappel, Ute Günkel-Maschek et Diamantis Panagiotopoulos

Introduction: “Minoan Archaeology”

The Heidelberg Conference between Past and Future

Conference Programme

WEDNESDAY, 23.03.2011
THURSDAY, 24.03.2011
SESSION I DEALING WITH “MINOANS”: 111 YEARS OF MINOAN ARCHAEOLOGY
SESSION II DATA IN PROGRESS: EXPLORING THE CRETAN LAND- AND CITYSCAPE
SESSION III LET’S COME TOGETHER: PLACES AND SPACES OF SOCIAL AND RITUAL INTERACTION
FRIDAY, 25.03.2011
SESSION IV PEER PRESSURE? SOCIAL STRUCTURES FROM A “MINOAN” PERSPECTIVE
SESSION V BE(HAV)ING “MINOAN”: NEGOTIATING LIFE AND DEATH THROUGH PRACTICE AND PERFORMANCE
SATURDAY, 26.03.2011
SESSION VI SOCIALISING POTS: THE INFORMATIVE VALUE OF VASES IN UNDERSTANDING SOCIAL ISSUES
SESSION VII “MINOANS” AND THE OTHERS: TRACING NETWORKS AND INTERACTION IN THE AEGEAN
SUNDAY, 27.03.2011

Dealing with “Minoan”: 111 Years of Minoan Archaeology

Nektarios Karadimas

The Unknown Past of Minoan Archaeology

From the Renaissance Until the Arrival of Sir Arthur Evans in Crete

I. The Unseen Foundations of Minoan Archaeology (From the Renaissance Until 1820)
II. The “Göttingen School” and the Idea of a Minoan Civilisation (1820–1830)
III. George Grote’s Rationalisam and the Beginning of the First Archaeological and Topographical Researches (1830–1875)
IV. Between Two “Fathers”: From Schliemann to Evans (1876–1894)
Conclusions
Yannis Galanakis

Exhibiting the Minoan Past: From Oxford to Knossos

The Ashmolean
Exhibiting the Aegean in Oxford
The Cretan Exhibition, 1903
Oxford to Knossos: “A site so that it is a gain for the spectator”
Back to Exhibitions
Concluding Remarks: Evans as Curator of Exhibitions

Data in Progress: Exploring the Cretan Land- and Cityscape

Konstantinos Chalikias

Chryssi Island

New Evidence on the Bronze Age Settlement Patterns of the Ierapetra Area

Introduction
The Physical Landscape of Chryssi Island
Recording Past Human Activity on Chryssi Island
The Final Neolithic Period
The Early Minoan Period
The Middle Minoan Period
The Neopalatial Period
Conclusions
Antonia Stamos, Chrysa Sofianou et Thomas Brogan

Making the Invisible Visible

Ground Penetrating Radar at Papadiokampos, Crete

Introduction
Area A
Area B
Area C
Area D
Conclusions
Sylviane Déderix

Capturing the Dynamics of Minoan Mortuary Space in South Central Crete

Introduction
GIS, Landscape and the Archaeology of Death
Study Area
Spatial Data
Spatial and Chronological Pattern of Funerary Remains in South Central Crete
GIS Spatial Analyses
Distribution of Built Tombs
Built Tombs, Viewsheds and Settlements
Conclusion and Prospects
D. Matthew Buell

Minoan Cityscapes

Urban Planning in Neopalatial Crete

Introduction
Galatas and Gournia: Topographic Situations and History of Research
Simple Coordination
Formality and Monumentality
Standardization
Conclusion

Let's Come Together: Places and Spaces of Social and Ritual Interaction

Giorgia Baldacci

The Places and the Role of Consumption in MM II Phaistos

Introduction
Archaeological Evidence
A. The Palace
B. The Town
Final Remarks
Kathrin Müller

Defining Minoan “Cult Rooms”

Past and Present Approaches to the Archaeology of Cult

History of Research: The Identification of Minoan “Cult Rooms”
A New Approach to the Identification of Minoan “Cult Rooms”
Examples of Minoan “Cult Rooms”
The Peak Sanctuary on Petsophas
Protopalatial Phase
Neopalatial Phase
A Protopalatial Complex of Rooms in the Palace at Malia
Conclusion
Mark S. Peters

Between the Physical and Metaphysical

Exploring Aspects of Communication in the Temple Tomb at Knossos

Introduction
An Architectural Overview
Semiotics and the Structuring of Communication Around the Temple Tomb
Manipulating Sensory Engagement and Communication Between Worlds
Reconsidering the Social Role of the Temple Tomb
Panagiota A. Pantou

(De)Constructing Identities Through Architecture in LM III Crete

Introduction
Toward a Meaningful Architecture: Revisiting House He at Gournia
House He in Context: Architectural Strategies and Regionalism in LM III Crete
Concluding Remarks

Peer Pressure: Social Structures from a “Minoan” Perspective

Jan Driessen

For an Archaeology of Minoan Society

Identifying the Principles of Social Structure

Introduction
Earlier Research
The Ties That Bind…
Kinship
Gender
Age
Status
Class
Residence
Other Identities
Minoan Identity
Steven T. Karacic

All Aboard: The Longboat and a Heterarchical Interpretation of the Mochlos Cemetery

Introduction
The Archaeological and Historiographical Background
Objections to the Hierarchical Interpretation
Architectural Elaboration
Differential Access to Wealth
Positive Correlation between Tomb Size and Wealth
The New Archaeology
A Reinterpretation of the Mochlos Cemetery
Maria Mina

Social Complexity and Gender Inequality in Prepalatial Crete

An Argument of Reason or a Reason for Argument?

Introduction
Social Complexity and Archaeology: An Evolutionary Affair
Non-Linear Social Complexity
Unilinear Approaches to Social Complexity and Gender in Early Minoan Archaeology
Social Complexity as a Non-Linear Phenomenon
Evidence for Heterarchy in Prepalatial Society
Evidence for Homoarchy in Prepalatial Society
Conclusion
Emily S.K. Anderson

Connecting with Selves and Others

Varieties of Community-Making across Late Prepalatial Crete

Locations
Gathering and Expanding: Another Scale of Community to Consider
The Parading Lions Seals within the Fabric of Late Prepalatial Communities
Conclusion
Argyro Nafplioti

Social Variation in Middle Bronze Age Knossos

Palaeodietary Evidence

Introduction
Materials and Methods
Archaeological Context
Methods
Results
Conclusions
Emmanouela Apostolaki

On the Household Structure of Neopalatial Society

INTRODUCTION
Proposed Household Forms
The Nuclear Family Model
Co-residence and “Houses”
Inferring Households from House Plans
Domestic Units on Excavation
Interpretation with One Line of Evidence
Perplexing the Picture with More Variables
Domestic Diversity in Actual Terms
Conclusions: From Social Unit to Social Structure in Neopalatial Crete
Maud Devolder

Manpower and Neopalatial Architecture

The Architectural Project as a Meaningful Experience

Introduction
Method
Application
Minoan Vernacular Architecture and the Social Unit
Conclusion

Be(hav)ing “Minoan”: Negotiating Life and Death Through Practice and Performance

Ilaria Caloi

Recreating the Past

Using Tholos Tombs in Protopalatial Mesara

The MM IB Phase: Kamilari in the Funerary Landscape of the Mesara Plain
The MM II Phase: Kamilari in the Funerary Landscape of the Mesara Plain
Anna Simandiraki-Grimshaw

The Body Brand and Minoan Zonation

Introduction
Minoan Bodily Zonation
The Body Brand?
Katy Soar

Cultural Performances at the Beginning of the Bronze Age

Early Minoan I and II Cemeteries as Stages for Performance

Introduction
Performance
Cemeteries as Sites of Performance
Minoan Tomb-Types
Burial Ritual
Architectural Differences
Tholoi
House Tombs
Cemeteries and Performance
Meanings of Performance
Early Minoan II – The Chronological Context
Conclusion
Maria Chountasi

Performance Theory in Minoan Rituals and the Ambiguity of Minoan Symbols

Methodological Problems in the Study of Minoan Religion
Basic Principles of Performance Theory
Ritual as a Cultural and Inter-subjective Event
Liminality and Sensual Symbols
Habitus, Meta-Communication and Ritualization
Efficacy, Subconscious and Structure of Cultural Values
Back to Minoan Archaeology…
Céline Murphy

(A) Choreographed Frenzy

A Sequence of Steps Towards Understanding Movement and Dance in Aegean Bronze Age Iconography

Identifications of Dance in Aegean Bronze Age Iconography
Revisiting Evansian Theories and an Art-Historical Approach to Movement
Some Early Twentieth-Century Assumptions on Dance in Aegean Bronze Age Iconography
New Questions on Still Two-Dimensional Representations of Dance
Can We Confidently Identify Dance in Aegean Bronze Age Iconography?
Katarzyna Zeman-Wisniewska

A Portable Goddess

On Performative and Experiental Aspects of Figures and Figurines

Introduction
“Goddesses with Upraised Arms” in Crete
“Goddesses with Upraised Arms” in Cyprus
Conclusions

“Minoan” Material Entanglements: Documenting and Interpreting “Minoan” (?) Craftsmanship

Carl Knappett

Minoan Pottery: From Materials to Materiality

Introduction
111 Years Ago
A Paradigm Shift: Minoan Pots as Socio-Economic Products
From Materials to Materialities
Sebastian Traunmüller

Pots and Potters

Thoughts on Ceramic Technology and the Craftsmen behind the Product

Introduction
Part I: The Pots
Part II. The Potters
Constance von Rüden

Transmediterranean Knowledge and Minoan Style Reliefs in Tell el Dabca

An Attempt at Paradigm Shift

The Allure of the Idea of Itinerant Craftsmen in the Eastern Mediterranean
Frescoes and the Eastern Mediterranean Koiné
Some Thoughts on an Alternative Theoretical and Methodological Approach
Production of Relief Plaster in Tell el Dabca – A Knowledge Approach
Conclusion
Iro Mathioudaki

Minoan Archaeology

The Pretence of Being Through Perception, Retention and Recollection

Introduction
The Peculiarities of Minoan Archaeology
Our Case Study
Complex Life-Histories and their Reflection in Memory
Epilogue