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Justices militaires et guerres mondiales

Jean-Marc Berlière
Jonas Campion
Luigi Lacchè
et al.

U.S. Military Justice in the European Theater of Operations (ETO), World War II

Judging crimes, targeting populations and sentencing patterns

J. Robert Lilly

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Extrait du texte

‘The law is a funny thing’
United States v. Private Wesley Edmonds.

Unlike today when an embedded press in military conflicts and communications technology makes it relatively easy for the public to know about serious crimes committed by U.S. soldiers whether against innocents or their own, this was not the situation during World War Two (Farrell 2007: 8; Barrouquere 2007: A3; Zielbauer 2007: A 11; Shanker, Tavernise 2006: A1 & A8; Cave 2007: A 12; Fernandez 2007: A 16; Cowell 2006: A 10; Marshall 2006: A 5; Dwyer, Worth 2006: A 1; Goodstein 2006: A 13; Jehl, Schmitt 2005: A 1 and A 9; Thompson 2009; Risen 2009a, 2009b). At that time soldiers’ criminal behavior was more often than not ignored by the U.S. press and treated by the military as confidential or secret information. The U.S. Army’s Judge Advocate General’s records for the European Theater of Operations, WW II, discovered in the early 1990’s (Cline 1993: 7), nonetheless, contains details and a panoramic view of the serious cr...


Regents Professor of Sociology/Criminology and Adjunct Professor of Law at Northern Kentucky University. His research interests include the pattern of capital crimes committed by U.S. soldiers during World War II, the “commercial-corrections complex,” juvenile delinquency, house arrest and electronic monitoring, criminal justice in the People’s Republic of China, the sociology of law, and criminological theory. He has published in Criminology, Crime & Delinquency, Social Problems, Legal Studies Forum, Northern Kentucky Law Review, Journal of Drug Issues, The New Scholar, Adolescence, Qualitative Sociology, Federal Probation, International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, Justice Quarterly, and The Howard Journal. He has coauthored several articles and book chapters with Richard A. Ball, and he is coauthor of House Arrest and Correctional Policy : Doing Time at Home (1988). In 2003 he published La face cachée des GI’s : les viols commis par des soldats américains en France, en Angleterre et en Allemagne pendant la Second Guerre mondiale, translated into Italian in 2004 and in English in 2007. The latter work is part of his extensive research on patterns of crimes and punishments experienced by U.S. soldiers in WWII in the European Theater of War. The Hidden Face of the Liberators, a madefor-TV documentary by Program 33 (Paris), was broadcast in Switzerland and France in March 2006 and was a finalist at the International Television Festival of Monte Carlo in 2007. He is currently coeditor of The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice

© Presses universitaires de Louvain, 2013

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