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Grecs et indigènes de la Catalogne à la mer Noire

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Henri Tréziny

Chapitre 5. Les fortifications

4. Controlling the chora. Archaeological investigations at Monte Palazzi, a mountain fort of Locri Epizephyrii

Paolo Visonà

Résumé

Tre campagne di scavi sulla sommita` di Monte Palazzi (Passo Croceferrata, Comune di Grotteria, Provincia di Reggio Calabria) nel 2005-2008 ponevano in luce resti della cinta muraria di un phrourion di montagna attribuibile a Locri Epizefiri. L’occupazione del sito si data tra l’inizio del V e la prima metà del III sec. a.C. Oltre a controllare la principale via di comunicazione interna tra Locri, Hipponion, e Medma e a proteggere gli insediamenti locresi nella Vallata del Torbido, questo forte era ubicato in prossimita` di importanti risorse naturali, quali ferro e pietra ollare. Esso presenta dimensioni e caratteristiche strutturali simili a quelle di altre fortificazioni poste a difesa della chora di Rhegion in età arcaica e classica, come Serro di Tavola e San Salvatore.

Entrées d'index

Géographique :

Monte Palazzi, Locri Epizefiri

Parole chiave :

phrourion

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Extrait du texte

01/06/2010

01/06/2013

Less than a decade ago E. Greco remarked that ‘[Y.] Garlan has shown very clearly that it is difficult to find masonry phrouria before the 4th century B.C. Before this time, territorial defense is maintained by the peripoloi, which are mobile and do not leave many archaeological traces of their provisional installations’1. However, Garlan’s conclusions had already been questioned (cf.Lauter 1992; Van de Maele 1992), and Thucydides used both the words peripovlion and frouvrion to describe the same Locrian fort on the Halex River which the Athenians attacked twice in 427-426 and 426-425 B.C. (Thucyd. 3.99; 3.115.7), suggesting that this must have been a permanent military installation (cf.Thucyd.3.103)2. Moreover, a growing body of archaeological data indicates that the Greeks of southern Italy began to build masonry forts even before the 5th century B.C. (cf.Cozzo Presepe 1983; Carter 2006, p.116-117; Leone 1998, p.16, 92-93, 125-126; Muggia 2000, p.227-232). In s...

Auteur

Department of Art, 207 Fine Arts Bldg.,University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 USA <Paolo.Visona@uky.edu>

© Publications du Centre Camille Jullian, 2010

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