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Essays on Paula Rego

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Maria Manuel Lisboa

List of Illustrations

Texte intégral

1Introduction

0.1 Rembrandt, Bathshebah at Her Bath (1654). Oil on canvas, 142 x 142 cm. Wikimedia, CC BY-SA, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Bathsheba_at_Her_Bath.png  : 28

2Chapter 1

1.1 Paula Rego, Salazar Vomiting the Homeland (1960). Oil on canvas, 94 x 120 cm. Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon, Portugal. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 35

1.2 Paula Rego, When We Had a House in the Country (1961). Collage and oil on canvas, 49.5 x 243.5 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 37

1.3 Paula Rego, The Fitting (1990). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 183 x 132 cm. Saatchi Collection, London. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 38

1.4 Paula Rego, The Maids (1987). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 212.4 x 242.9 cm. Saatchi Collection, London. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 41

1.5 El Greco, Annunciation (c. 1595–1600). Oil on canvas, 91 x 66.5 cm. Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:El_Greco_-_The_Annunciation_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg: 43

1.6 Marcantonio Raimondi, The Last Judgement; Christ with Lily andSword at Top, Flanked by Virgin and St John the Baptist Interceding on Behalf of the Humans Below, after Dürer (ca. 1500–1534). Print, 11.8 x 10 cm. Metropolitan Museum of Art. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:The_Last_Judgment;_Christ_with_lily_and_sword_at_top,_flanked_by_Virgin_and_St_John_the_Baptist_interceeding_on_behalf_of_the_humans_below,_after_D%C3%BCrer_MET_DP820341.jpg: 44

1.7 Hans Memling, The Last Judgement, triptych, central panel (c. 1467–1471). Oil on panel, 242 x 180 cm. National Museum, Gdańsk, Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:MemlingJudgmentCentre.jpg: 45

1.8 Paula Rego, Time: Past and Present (1990–1991). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 183 x 183 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 47

1.9 Benjamin Cole, A Mermaid with Measuring Scale after A. Gautier D’Agoty (1759). Line engraving, 19 x 10.6 cm. Wellcome Collection, CC BY, https://wellcomecollection.org/​works/​ahv53sks/​items?sierraId=: 51

1.10 Paula Rego, The Interrogator’s Garden (2000). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 120 x 110 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 55

1.11 Paula Rego, Olga (2003). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 160 x 120 cm. The Saatchi Gallery, London, United Kingdom, all rights reserved. : 56

1.12 Paula Rego, Dog Women (Baying) (1994). Pastel on canvas, 100 x 76 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 57

1.13 Paula Rego, Abracadabra (1986). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 157 x 150 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved : 59

1.14 Andrea di Bonaiuto, Church Militant and Triumphant (1365–1367). Fresco, Basilica of Santa Maria Novella, Florence. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Andrea_di_bonaiuto,_dettaglio_dal_cappoellone_degli_spagnoli.jpg: 62

1.15 Paula Rego, In the Garden (1986). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 150 x 150 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 64

1.16 George Stubbs, A Monkey (1799). Oil on panel, 70 x 55.9 cm. Walker Gallery, Liverpool, Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:George_Stubbs_-_A_Monkey_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg: 65

1.17 Zacharie Noterman, Monkey Art (1890). Oil on panel, 54 x 65 cm. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Zacharie_Noterman_-_Monkey_art.jpg: 66

1.18 Pseudo-Jan van Kessel II, Still Life of Fruit with a Monkey and a Dog (after c. 1660). Oil on copper, 16.5 x 22 cm. Dorotheum, Vienna, Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Pseudo-Jan_van_Kessel_II_-_Still_life_of_fruit_with_a_monkey_and_a_dog.jpg: 66

1.19 Jean-Baptiste Siméon Chardin, The Antique Monkey (1726). Oil on canvas, 81.5 x 65.4 cm. The Louvre, Paris. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Chardin,_la_scimmia_antiquaria,_1726_ca._02.JPG: 67

1.20 Paula Rego, Red Monkey Drawing (1981). Acrylic on paper, 76.5 x 56 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 67

1.21 Paula Rego, Looking Back (1987). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 150 x 150 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 69

1.22 Paula Rego, Girl Lifting Up Her Skirt to a Dog (1986). Acrylic on paper, 80 x 60 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 72

1.23 Paula Rego, Snare (1987). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 150 x 150 cm. British Council Collection. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. 73

1.24 John Thornton (glazier), Apocalypse (detail Christ on Horse (Apocalypse) (1405–1408). Great East Window, York Minster, United Kingdom. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​w/​index.php?search=christ%2C+horse&title=Special%3ASearch&go=Go#/​media/​File:York_Minster_-_Christ_on_the_White_horse.jpg: 75

1.25 Luca Giordano, Series of The Four Parts of the World: Europe (between 1634 and 1705). Oil on canvas, 60 x 75 cm. Fundación Banco Santander, Madrid, Spain. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Luca_Giordano,_copies_-_Series_of_the_Four_Parts_of_the_World._Europe_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg: 76

1.26 Paula Rego, The Little Murderess (1987). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 150 x 150 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 77

1.27 Paula Rego, Sleeping (1986). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 150 x 150 cm. Arts Council of Great Britain. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 79

1.28 Paula Rego, Prey (1986). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 150 x 150 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 80

1.29 Paula Rego, Girl and Dog Untitled b (1986). Acrylic on paper, 112 x 76 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 84

1.30 Paula Rego, Girl and Dog Untitled c (1986). Acrylic on paper, 112 x 76 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 87

1.31 Paula Rego, Girl and Dog Untitled d (1986). Acrylic on paper, 112 x 76 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 89

1.32 Paula Rego, Girl and Dog Untitled e (1986). Acrylic on paper, 112 x 76 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 90

1.33 Paula Rego, Girl and Dog Untitled g (1986). Acrylic on paper, 112 x 76 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 93

3Chapter 2

2.1 Paula Rego, Pregnant Rabbit Telling her Parents (1982). Acrylic on paper, 103 x 141 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 97

2.2 Lorenzo Lotto, Nativity (1523). Oil on panel, 46 x 35.9 cm. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Lorenzo_Lotto_017.jpg: 99

2.3 Paula Rego, The Red Monkey Beats His Wife (1981). Acrylic on paper, 61 x 105 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 99

2.4 Paula Rego, Wife Cuts Off Red Monkey’s Tail (1981). Acrylic on paper, 68 x 101 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 101

2.5 Paula Rego, The Dance (1988). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 212.4 x 273.3 cm. Tate Modern, London. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 103

2.6 A view of the ruins of Fort Chapora, Goa, India. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Chapora_fort.JPG : 105

2.7 Caxias Fortress (Forte de São Bruno), Lisbon, Portugal. Wikimedia, CC BY-SA, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Forte_de_S._Bruno_-_Oeiras_(108723153).jpg: 106

2.8 Paula Rego, Departure (1988). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 212.4 x 151.4 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 106

2.9 Paula Rego, The Cadet and His Sister (1988). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 212.4 x 212.4 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 109

2.10 Paula Rego, The Bullfighter’s Godmother (1990–1991). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 122 x 151.4 cm. Private collection. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 113

2.11 Paula Rego, The Soldier’s Daughter (1987). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 212.4 x 151.4 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 116

2.12 Anonymous, Leda and the Swan (16th century). Oil on panel, 131.1 x 76.2 cm. Philadelphia Museum of Art. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Leda_and_the_Swan_(Philadelphia_Museum_of_Art).jpg: 119

2.13 Paula Rego, The Policeman’s Daughter (1987). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 212.4 x 151.4 cm. Saatchi Collection, London. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 122

2.14 Paula Rego, The Family (1988). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 212.4 x 212.4 cm. The Saatchi Collection, London. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 125

4Chapter 3

3.1 Paula Rego, The Company of Women (1997). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 170 x 130 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 137

3.2 Paula Rego, The Cell (1997). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 120 x 160 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 140

3.3 Johannes Vermeer, A Lady Writing (c. 1665). Oil on canvas, 45 x 39.9 cm. National Gallery of Art, Washington. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Johannes_Vermeer_-_A_Lady_Writing_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg: 142

3.4 Paula Rego, The Ambassador of Jesus (1997). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 180 x 180 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 147

3.5 Paula Rego, Girl with Gladioli and Religious Figures (1997). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 160 x 120 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 152

3.6 Paula Rego, Crivelli’s Garden (left-hand panel) (1990–1991). Acrylic on paper on canvas, left panel, 190 x 240 cm. Sainsbury Wing (brasserie), National Gallery, London. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 153

3.7 Paula Rego, Lying (1998). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 100 x 80 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 156

3.8 Paula Rego, Girl with Chickens (1997). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 120 x 80 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 158

3.9 Paula Rego, Looking Out (1997). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 180 x 130 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 163

3.10 Paula Rego, Joseph’s Dream (1990). Acrylic on paper on canvas, 183 x 122 cm. Private collection. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 183

3.11 Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Two Women at a Window (c. 1655–1660). Oil on canvas, 125.1 x 103.5 cm. Widener Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Bartolom%C3%A9_Esteban_Perez_Murillo_014.jpg: 170

3.12 Paula Rego, The Coop (1998). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 150 x 150 cm. Private collection. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 171

3.13 Francesco Solimena, The Birth of the Virgin (c. 1690). Oil on canvas, 203.5 x 170.8 cm. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:The_Birth_of_the_Virgin_MET_DT11676.jpg: 171

3.14 Paula Rego, The Rest on the Flight into Egypt (1998). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 170 x 150 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 176

3.15 Fra Bartolomeo, Rest on the Flight into Egypt (c. 1509). Oil on panel, 129.5 x 106.7 cm. J.P. Getty Centre, Los Angeles. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Fra_Bartolomeo_-_The_Rest_on_the_Flight_into_Egypt_with_St._John_the_Baptist_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg: 178

3.16 Orazio Gentileschi, Rest on the Flight into Egypt (c. 1625–1626). Oil on canvas, 137.1 x 215.9 cm. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Orazio_Gentileschi_-_Rest_on_the_Flight_to_Egypt.JPG: 179

3.17 Nicolas Poussin, Rest on the Flight into Egypt (c. 1627). Oil on canvas, 76.2 x 62.5 cm. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:The_Rest_on_the_Flight_into_Egypt_MET_DT4169.jpg: 179

3.18 Manuel Anastácio, António de Oliveira Salazar (n.d.). Drawing. Wikimedia, CC BY-SA, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Ant%C3%B3nio_de_Oliveira_Salazar,_drawing.jpg: 181

3.19 Paula Rego, Mother (1997). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 180 x 130 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 184

3.20 Paula Rego, Perch (1997). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 120 x 100 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved.

3.21 Paula Rego, Amélia’s Dream (1998). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 162 x 150 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 188

3.22 Paula Rego, Dancing Ostriches from Disney’s ‘Fantasia III (1995). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium. Triptych right panel 150 x 150 cm. Saatchi Collection, London. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 189

3.23 Paula Rego, In the Wilderness (1998). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 180 x 130 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 192

3.24 The Portuguese project of Pink Map (‘Mapa Cor-de-Rosa’) (1886). Wikimedia, CC-BY-SA, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Mapa_Cor-de-Rosa.svg: 193

3.25 Gaspar Dias, The Appearance of the Angel to St. Roch (c. 1584). Oil on panel, 350 x 300 cm. Church of St. Roque, Lisbon. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Apari%C3%A7%C3%A3o_do_Anjo_a_S%C3%A3o_Roque_Gaspar_Dias.jpg: 194

3.26 The Archangel Gabriel (Power of God) (1729). Marble. Chiesa dei Gesuiti, Venice. Wikimedia, CC-BY-SA, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Interior_of_Chiesa_dei_Gesuiti_(Venice)_-_Center_of_the_transept_-_Archangel_Gabriel.jpg: 195

3.27 Paula Rego, Angel (1998). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 180 x 130 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 195

5Chapter 4

4.1 Anonymous, Statue of a childbirth handicraft from Peru (2013). Photo by Peter van der Sluijs. Wikimedia, CC-BY-SA, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Statue_of_a_childbirth_handicraft_Peru.jpg: 214

4.2 Geertgen tot Sint Jans, The Nativity at Night (c. 1490). Oil on oak panel, 34 x 25.3 cm. National Gallery, London. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Geertgen_tot_Sint_Jans,_The_Nativity_at_Night,_c_1490.jpg: 215

4.3 Paula Rego, Untitled x (1998). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 110 x 100 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 219

4.4 Paula Rego, Untitled n. 5 (1998–1999). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 110 x 100 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 220

4.5 Paula Rego, Untitled Sketch n. 5 (1998–1999). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 60 x 42 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 221

4.6 Female body. Photo by Xmm (2005). Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Female_body.jpg: 222

4.7 Alberto Magliozzi, Manuela Arcuri (1994). Published in Playboy, special issue (2000). Wikimedia, CC BY-SA, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Manuela_Arcuri_(1994).jpg

4.8 Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, La Source (1856). Oil on canvas, 163 x 80 cm. Musée d’Orsay, Paris. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Jean_Auguste_Dominique_Ingres_-_The_Spring_-_Google_Art_Project_2.jpg: 223

4.9 Sandro Botticelli, The Birth of Venus (1483–1485). Tempera on panel, 278.5 x 171.5 cm. Uffizi Gallery, Florence. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Sandro_Botticelli_-_La_nascita_di_Venere_-_Google_Art_Project_-_edited.jpg: 223

4.10 Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Blonde Bather (1881). Oil on canvas, 82 x 66 cm. Sterling and Francine Clark Institute, Williamstown, MA, USA. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Pierre-Auguste_Renoir_-_Baigneuse_blonde.jpg: 224

4.11 Alberto Magliozzi, Eva Henger Cleaning Boots (2012). Wikimedia, CC BY-SA, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Eva_Henger_cleaning_boots.jpg: 224

4.12 Paul Gauguin, Nevermore (1897). Oil on canvas, 50 x 116 cm. Courtauld Institute of Art, London. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Paul_Gauguin_091.jpg: 225

4.13 François Boucher, Portrait of Louise O’Murphy (1752). Oil on canvas, 59 x 73 cm. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Fran%C3%A7ois_Boucher,_Marie-Louise_O%27Murphy_de_Boisfaily.jpg: 225

4.14 Paula Rego, Untitled n. 4 (1998–1999). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 110 x 100 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 226

4.15 Paula Rego, Untitled n. 6 (1998–1999). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 110 x 100 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 227

4.16 Artemisia Gentileschi, Judith Beheading Holofernes (1611–1612). Oil on canvas, 158.8 x 125.5 cm. Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Gentileschi_Artemisia_Judith_Beheading_Holofernes_Naples.jpg: 229

4.17 Raphael, The Niccolini-Cowper Madonna (1506). Oil on panel, 80.7 x 57.5 cm. Andrew Mellon Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Grande_madonna_cowper.jpg: 229

4.18 Michaelangelo, Pietá (1498–1499). Marble, 230.4 x 307.2 cm. St. Peter’s Basilica, Rome. Wikimedia, CC-BY-SA, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Michelangelo%27s_Pieta_5450_cropncleaned_edit.jpg: 230

4.19 Titian, Tarquin and Lucretia (c. 1570). Oil on canvas, 188 x 145.1 cm. Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Tizian_094.jpg: 230

4.20 Peter Paul Rubens, The Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus (c. 1618). Oil on canvas, 224 x 210.5 cm. Alte Pinakothek, Munich. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Peter_Paul_Rubens_-_The_Rape_of_the_Daughters_of_Leucippus.jpg: 231

4.21 Giambologna, The Rape of the Sabines (1583). Marble, 106.4 x 160 cm. Piazza della Signoria, Florence (south view). Wikimedia, CC BY-SA, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Firenze_-_Florence_-_Piazza_della_Signoria_-_View_South_on_The_Rape_of_the_Sabine_Women_1583_by_Giambologna.jpg: 231

4.22 George Breitner, Anne, Lying Naked on a Yellow Cloth (c. 1888). Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:George_Breitner_-_Reclining_Nude.jpg: 234

4.23 Pierre-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, The Grand Odalisque (1814). Oil on canvas, 91 x 162 cm. The Louvre, Paris. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Ingre,_Grande_Odalisque.jpg: 234

4.24 Paula Rego, Untitled n. 3 (1998–1999). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 110 x 100 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 235

4.25 Paula Rego, Untitled n. 7 (1998–1999). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 110 x 100 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 235

4.26 Paula Rego, Untitled Triptych (left-hand panel) (1998–1999). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 110 x 100 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 236

4.27 Amedeo Modigliani, Reclining Nude (1917). Oil on canvas, 60.6 x 91.7 cm. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Wikimedia, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Amedeo_Modigliani,_1916,_Reclining_Nude_(Nu_couch%C3%A9),_oil_on_canvas,_65.5_x_87_cm,_Foundation_E.G._B%C3%BChrle.jpg: 237

4.28 W. Gajir, Sculpture of Childbirth (n.d.), Mas, Bali. Photo by Kattiel. Wikimedia, CC-BY-SA, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Bevalling_Bali.jpg: 238

4.29 Juan de Valdés Leal, Pietá (late 17th century). Drawing, 17.6 x 23.5 cm. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:La_Piedad_(Vald%C3%A9s_Leal).jpg: 238

4.30 Paula Rego, Untitled Sketch n. 3 (1998). Pencil on paper, 31 x 42 cm. Artist’s collection. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 239

4.31 Paula Rego, Untitled Triptych b (centre panel) (1998). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 240

4.32 Paula Rego, Moth (1994). Pastel on canvas, 160 x 120 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 243

4.33 Thomas Rowlandson, Sleeping Woman Watched by a Man (n.d.). Watercolour with pen and grey ink on paper, 13.1 x 19.7 cm. Yale Centre for British, Art. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Thomas_Rowlandson_-_Sleeping_Woman_Watched_by_a_Man_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg: 243

4.34 Paula Rego, Love (1995). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 120 x 160 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 244

4.35 Paula Rego, Bride (1994). Pastel on canvas, 120 x 160 cm. Tate, London. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 245

4.36 Paula Rego, Target (1995). Pastel on canvas, 160 x 120 cm. Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 246

4.37 Paula Rego, Hand-Coloured Sketch n. 1 (1998). Pencil on paper mounted on aluminium, 31 x 42 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 246

4.38 Paula Rego, Untitled Triptych c (right panel) (1998). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 110 x 100 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 247

4.39 Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Girl with Hoop (1885). Oil on canvas, 125.7 x 76.6 cm. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Girl_with_a_hoop.jpg: 249

4.40 Hans Olaf Heyerdahl, Little Girl on the Beach (n.d.). Oil on canvas, 60 x 45 cm. Private collection. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Hans_Olaf_Heyerdahl_-_Little_girl_on_the_beach.jpg: 250

4.41 Paula Rego, Untitled n. 9 (1998–1999). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 110 x 100 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 253

4.42 Carlo Crivelli, Annunciation (1486). Egg and oil on canvas, 207 x 147 cm. National Gallery, London. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Crivelli_Carlo,_Annunciation.jpg: 256

4.43 Master of Erfurt, The Virgin Weaving (c. 1400). Staatliche Museen zu Berlin. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Master_of_Erfurt,_The_Virgin_Weaving,_Upper_Rhine,_ca_1400_(Berlin).jpg: 257

4.44 Mary Cassat, The Child’s Bath (1893). Oil on canvas, 100.3 x 66 cm. Art Institute of Chicago. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Mary_Cassatt_-_The_Child%27s_Bath_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg: 260

4.45 Käthe Kollwitz, Mother with Twins (1932–1936). Bronze. Käthe- Kollwitz-Museum, Berlin-Charlottenburg. Wikimedia, CC BY, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Kaethe_Kollwitz_-_Mutter_mit_Zwillingen-2.jpg: 261

4.46 Raphael, Temptation of Adam and Eve (1508). Fresco, 120 x 105 cm. Vatican, Stanza della Segnatura. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Raffael_052.jpg: 263

4.47 Artemisia Gentileschi, Salome with the Head of St. John the Baptist (1610–1615). Oil on canvas, 84 x 92 cm. Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, Hungary. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Salome_with_the_Head_of_Saint_John_the_Baptist_by_Artemisia_Gentileschi_ca._1610-1615.jpg: 265

4.48 Peter Paul Rubens, Samson and Delilah (1609–1610). Oil on panel, 185 x 205 cm. National Gallery, London. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Samson_and_Delilah_by_Rubens.jpg: 265

4.49 Paula Rego, Untitled Sketch n. 9 (1998). Pencil on paper, 31 x 42 cm. Artist’s collection. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 271

6Chapter 5

5.1 Vítor Meirelles, First Mass in Brazil (1860). Oil on canvas, 268 x 356 cm. Museu Nacional de Belas Artes, Rio de Janeiro. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Meirelles-primeiramissa2.jpg: 276

5.2 Paula Rego, First Mass in Brazil (1993). Acrylic on paper laid on canvas, 130 x 180 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 277

5.3 J. Medeiros, Iracema (1884). Oil on canvas, 168.3 x 255 cm. Museu Nacional de Belas Artes, Rio de Janeiro. Wikimedia, CC BY-SA, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Iracema.jpg: 281

7Chapter 6

6.1 Paula Rego, Red Riding Hood (Mother Takes Revenge) (2003). Pastel on paper, 104 x 79 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 298

6.2 Paula Rego, Red Riding Hood (Mother Wears Wolf’s Pelt) (2003). Pastel on paper, 84 x 67 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 299

6.3 Paula Rego, Baa, Baa, Black Sheep (1989). Etching and aquatint, plate size: 31.3 x 21.6 m; paper size: 52 x 38 cm. Edition of 50 signed and numbered included in portfolio. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 309

6.4 Paula Rego, Ring-a-Ring o’ Roses (1989). Etching and aquatint, plate size: 21.2 x 21.6 cm; paper size: 52 x 38 cm. Edition of 50 signed and numbered, included in portfolio. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 311

6.5 Paula Rego, There Was a Man of Double Deed (1989). Etching and aquatint, plate size: 31.3 x 21.5 cm; paper size: 52 x 38 cm. Edition of 50 signed and numbered included in portfolio. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 313

6.6 Paula Rego, Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary I. Etching and aquatint. Plate size: 21.3 x 21.3 cm; paper size: 52 x 38 cm. Edition of 50 signed and numbered, included in portfolio. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 315

6.7 Paula Rego, Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary II. Etching and aquatint. Plate size: 21.2 x 22.1 cm; paper size: 52 x 38 cm. Edition of 50 signed and numbered, not included in portfolio. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 316

6.8 Paula Rego, Little Miss Muffet. Etching and aquatint. Plate size: 21.9 x 21.2 cm; paper size: 52 x 38 cm. Edition of 50 signed and numbered, included in portfolio. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 318

6.9 Paula Rego, Three Blind Mice. Etching and aquatint. Plate size: 21.1 x 21.6 cm; paper size: 52 x 37.6 cm. Edition of 50 signed and numbered, included in portfolio. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 319

6.10 Paula Rego, Rock-a-Bye Baby. Etching and aquatint. Plate size: 21.1 x 21.6 cm; paper size: 52 x 37.6 cm. Edition of 50 signed and numbered, included in portfolio. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 321

6.11 Paula Rego, A Frog He Would A-Wooing Go. Etching and aquatint. Plate size: 21.3 x 21.6 cm, Paper size: 52 x 38 cm. Edition of 50 signed and numbered, included in portfolio. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 323

6.12 Walter C. Kiedaisch, Bluebeard Greets His Latest Wife (1904). Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Miss_Bluebeard_1904.jpg: 332

6.13 Winslow Homer, The Blue Beard Tableau: Fatima Enters the ForbiddenCloset (1868). Wood engraving, 11.4 x 11.7 cm. Boston Public Library, Print Department. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Blue_beard_tableau_(Boston_Public_Library).jpg: 332

6.14 Paula Rego, Bad Dog (1994). Pastel on canvas, 120 x 160 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 335

6.15 Paula Rego, Biting (2001–2002). Coloured lithograph, image size: 77 x 50.5 cm; paper size: 90 x 62 cm. Edition of 35 signed and numbered, printed on Somerset textured paper. Print 8 from Jane Eyre — The Guardians. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 336

6.16 Paula Rego, Jane (2001–2002). Lithograph, image size: 86 x 43.5 cm; paper size: 88 x 63.5 cm. Edition of 35 signed and numbered, printed on Somerset velvet paper. Print 1 from Jane Eyre — The Guardians. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 337

6.17 Paula Rego, Jane Eyre (2001–2002). Lithograph, image size: 86.0 x 44.5 cm; paper size: 88.0 x 64.5 cm. Edition of 35, signed and numbered, printed on Somerset velvet paper. Print 1 from Jane Eyre — The Guardians. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 337

6.18 Paula Rego, Come to Me (2001–2002). Coloured lithograph. Image size: 88.5 x 59 cm; paper size: 99.5 x 67 cm. Edition of 35 signed and numbered, printed on Somerset textured paper. Print 9 from Jane Eyre — The Guardians. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 339

6.19 Paula Rego, Edward (2002). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 100 x 80 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 340

6.20 Paula Rego, Inspection (2001). Lithograph on stone. Image size: 38 x 26 cm; paper size: 53 x 38 cm. Edition of 35 signed and numbered, printed on Somerset Book White paper. Print 2 from Jane Eyre — The Sensuality of the Stone. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 340

6.21 Paula Rego, Dame with the Goat’s Foot II (Singing on the Hill Side) (2011–2012). Pastel on paper, 137 x 102 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 345

6.22 Paula Rego, Dame with the Goat’s Foot III (Death of the Hunter’s Dog) (2011–2012). Pastel on paper, 150 x 170 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 345

6.23 Paula Rego, Dame with the Goat’s Foot V (Levitation) (2011–2012). Pastel on paper, 242 x 120 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 346

6.24 Tombs of Pedro and Inês at the Monastery of Santa Maria, Alcobaça, Portugal. Photo by Mário Novais (c. 1954). Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Mosteiro_de_Santa_Maria,_Alcoba%C3%A7a,_Portugal_(3598156818)_(2).jpg: 349

8Chapter 7

7.1 Paula Rego, Annunciation (2002). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 54 x 52 cm. Belém Palace, Lisbon, Portugal. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 356

7.2 Leonardo da Vinci, Annunciation (c. 1472–1475) (detail). Oil on panel. Uffizi Gallery, Florence. Wikimedia, CC-BY-SA, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Leonardo_da_Vinci_Annunciazione_1472_Uffizien_Florenz-03.jpg: 356

7.3 Paula Rego, Nativity (2002). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 54 x 52 cm. Belém Palace, Lisbon. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 357

7.4 Juan de Flandes, Nativity of Jesus Christ (c.1435–1438). Oil on panel, 48.5 x 36.9 cm. Royal Chapel, Granada. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Juan_de_Flandes_Nativity_Granada_012.jpg: 358

7.5 Bronzino, Deposition of Christ (1543–1545). Oil on panel, 268 x 173 cm. Musée de Beaux Arts et d’Archéologie, Besançon, France. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:D%C3%A9ploration_sur_le_Christ_mort_(Bronzino).jpg: 362

7.6 Rembrandt (workshop of), Descent from the Cross (1634). Oil on canvas, 158 x 117 cm. Hermitage Museum. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Descent_from_the_Cross_(Rembrant).jpg: 368

7.7 Anonymous (Wrocław), Christ as Man of Sorrows (1443). Tempera on larch wood, 180 x 136 cm. National Museum, Warsaw. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Wroc%C5%82aw_Christ_as_Man_of_Sorrows.jpg: 368

7.8 Anonymous (Germany), Altarpiece with the Passion of Christ: Entombment (c. 1480–1495). Oil on panel, 129.5 x 119.7 cm. Walters Arts Museu, Baltimore. Wikimedia, CC-BY-SA, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:German_-_Altarpiece_with_the_Passion_of_Christ_-_Entombment_-_Walters_37664.jpg: 369

7.9 Paula Rego, Adoration (2002). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium 54 x 52 cm. Belém Palace, Lisbon, Portugal. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 371

7.10 Paula Rego, Purification at the Temple (2002) Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 54 x 52 cm. Belém Palace, Lisbon, Portugal. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 372

7.11 Paula Rego, Flight into Egypt (2002) Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 54 x 52 cm. Belém Palace, Lisbon, Portugal. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 372

7.12 Paula Rego, Lamentation (2002). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 54 x 52 cm. Belém Palace, Lisbon, Portugal. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 378

7.13 Joos Van Cleve, Lamentation of Christ (first quarter of 16th century). Oil on oak, 71.5 x 55 cm. National Museum of Warsaw. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Joos_van_Cleve_(follower)_Lamentation_of_Christ.jpg: 378

7.14 Paula Rego, Deposition (1998). Pastel on paper, 160 x 120 cm. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 379

7.15 Sébastien Bourdon, Descent from the Cross (third quarter of 17th century). Oil on canvas, 111 x 78 cm. National Museum, Warsaw. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Bourdon_Descent_from_the_Cross.jpg: 379

7.16 Peter Paul Rubens, Descent from the Cross (c. 1612–1614). Oil on panel, 420.5 x 320 cm. Our Lady’s Cathedral, Antwerp. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Peter_Paul_Rubens_-_Descent_from_the_Cross_-_WGA20212.jpg: 380

7.17 Anonymous, Entombment (c. 1495 and 1505). Oil on panel. Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:German_School_-_Entombment_-_1926.570_-_Art_Institute_of_Chicago.jpg: 381

7.18 Tintoretto, The Resurrection of Christ (1579–1581). Oil on canvas, 529 x 485 cm. Scuola Grande di San Rocco, Venice. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Jacopo_Tintoretto_-_The_Resurrection_of_Christ_-_WGA22555.jpg: 381

7.19 Paula Rego, Pietá (2002). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 54 x 52 cm. Belém Palace, Lisbon, Portugal. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 382

7.20 Paula Rego, Assumption (2002). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 54 x 52 cm. Belém Palace, Lisbon, Portugal. Photograph courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 385

7.21 Andrea Mantegna, Christ’s Descent into Limbo (1470–1475). Tempera on wood, 38.8 x 41.3 cm. Lent to the Frick Museum, NYC from the Barbara Piasecka Johnson Collection. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:MantegnaDescentLimbo.jpg: 385

7.22 Titian, Assumption of Mary (1516–1518). Oil on panel, 690 x 360 cm. Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, Venice. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Tizian_041.jpg: 386

7.23 Andrea del Sarto, Assumption of the Virgin (1530). Oil on panel 309 x 205 cm. Poppi altar piece, Palazzo Pitti, Florence. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Andrea_del_Sarto_-_Assumption_of_the_Virgin_(Poppi_Altarpiece)_-_WGA0416.jpg: 386

9Chapter 8

8.1 William Hogarth, Marriage à-la-Mode 2 (The Tête à Tête) (c. 1743). Oil on canvas, 69.9 x 90.8 cm. National Gallery, London. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Marriage_A-la-Mode_2,_The_T%C3%AAte_%C3%A0_T%C3%AAte_-_William_Hogarth.jpg: 393

8.2 William Hogarth, Marriage à-la-Mode 1, The Marriage Settlement (c. 1743). Oil on canvas, 69.9 x 90.8 cm. National Gallery, London. Wikimedia, public domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Marriage_A-la-Mode_1,_The_Marriage_Settlement_-_William_Hogarth.jpg: 394

8.3 Paula Rego, Marriage à la Mode (The Betrothal after ‘Marriage à laMode’ by Hogarth) (1999). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 150 x 160 cm. Photographs courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 394

8.4 Paula Rego, Marriage à la Mode (Lessons after ‘Marriage à la Mode’by Hogarth) (1999). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 150 x 90 cm. Photographs courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 395

8.5 Paula Rego, Marriage à la Mode (The Shipwreck after ‘Marriage à laMode’ by Hogarth) (1999). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 150 x 160 cm. Photographs courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved. : 395

8.6 Jorge Colaço, Adamastor (Sea Monster) (1907). Tiled panel. Buçaco Palace Hotel, Buçaco, Portugal. Wikimedia, CC BY-SA, https://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Palace_Hotel_do_Bu%C3%A7aco_-_Azulejo.jpg: 406

8.7 Paula Rego, War (2003). Pastel on paper mounted on aluminium, 160 x 120 cm. Photo courtesy of Marlborough Fine Art, all rights reserved, https://www.wikiart.org/​en/​paula-rego/​war-2003: 407