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Hanging on to the Edges

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Daniel Nettle

Index

Texte intégral

academic careers 215

addiction 145, 147–148, 150, 154–156, 171

adversarial legal systems 23

Afghanistan 98

African 80

age at first birth 203

ageing 3, 85, 91, 96, 100–102, 144, 192

agency 26, 39, 43, 45–52, 54–58, 75, 160

aggregate analysis 112

AIDS 154

Akee, Randall 145, 152–153

American 13, 93, 103, 115, 134–135, 137, 140, 150–152, 178

Andrews, Clare 135, 211

animal learning 190–191

anti-abstract 212–213

Aristotle 187

artisans 187, 229

A Tale of Two Cities (Dickens) 99

Aznavour, Charles 199

Bartlett, Frederick 207

Bateson, Melissa 69, 183, 188, 211, 236

Bateson, Patrick 43, 103, 189

Bayesian statistics 240

behavioural ecology 51, 78, 90, 194, 203, 209

behaviourism 191

Beheim, Brett 185

Berkeley, George 187

Berlin 29

big idea piece (BIP) 12–16, 20, 22–24, 242

biology 25, 97

‘biology’/’non-biology’ distinction 27, 30–32, 35, 40

Bourdieu, Pierre 133

Boyer, Pascal 25, 31, 49, 167

Brando, Marlon 216

Brecht, Bertolt 96

Britain, British 32, 48, 89, 96, 98, 102, 104, 122–123, 134, 136, 138, 164, 203–204, 217

Buddha 241, 243

Buddhism 240

Bunyan, John 231

Burton, Robert 190, 227

Byzantine 48

Caesar 224

Cameron, David 145, 157

cash transfer 154

Cash Transfer for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CT-OVC) (Kenya) 154–155

cash transfers 147–148, 150, 158, 161

cavaliers 189, 195

Centre for Social Justice 145–150, 153, 155–158

Chater, Nick 77, 188, 239–240

Cherokee 150–153, 155, 157–158, 160

China 139, 194

Chomsky, Noam 51

choral singing 182

Civil Rights Act 125

communal sharing 168–169

Connelly, Michael 215

Conservative party 127, 134, 145, 165

cooperation 141, 190

Corn Laws 139

Costello, Elizabeth Jane 150–151, 153

crime 54, 145, 152, 154

cross-country running 70, 72

cross-cultural studies 141–142

cultural attraction 31, 40, 73

cultural evolution 45, 59–62, 68–70, 72, 74–75, 174, 208–209

Cultural Evolution: Conceptual Challenges (Lewens) 59

cultural explanations 43, 48

cultural group selection 45

cultural inheritance 49, 54, 69, 71

cultural replication 244

cultural selection 68, 71, 75

culture 3–5, 25–28, 32, 34, 37, 43–45, 49–51, 54, 61, 68–70, 72–75, 81, 103, 141, 149, 158–160, 207, 209, 234

Currie, Edwina 134, 139

Daly, Martin 123, 144

Darwin, Charles 14, 61, 66, 229

Darwinian 29, 31, 59–62, 71–72, 74, 78, 83, 215

Darwinism 59–60, 70, 144, 207

Davis, David 127

Dawkins, Richard 14, 35, 59, 232, 235

death 96–99, 101–103, 108–109, 142–143, 236–237, 244–245

Democratic party 125, 179

demoralization 217, 232

depression 10, 12, 29, 153, 171, 217, 220, 224

Descartes, René 28

Dickens, Charles 99–100, 103, 107

diminishing returns 116, 118–119, 121–122, 124, 126, 176

disadvantage, structural 106

disciplinary boundaries 40, 51, 184, 193, 199, 209

disgust 204

DNA 3, 44, 65, 73, 75, 100, 102–103, 237

Dobzhansky, Theodosius Grygorovych 92–93

Douglas, Mary 204

Durkheim, Émile 30

Dutch 27

ecological fallacy 114, 120, 124–125

economic games 141, 189

economics 46, 51–52, 188

Elster, Jon 8

emotions 114, 122, 126

Emperor Hui 139

England, English 22, 48–49, 70–71, 84, 99, 101, 104–105, 139, 194, 203, 241

epistemic diversity 194, 196

equality matching 168–169

European Union 145

Europe, European 80, 135, 174, 192, 194, 198, 206

evolutionary history 29

Evolutionary History (Russell) 29

evolutionary psychology 143–144, 207, 209

evolutionary theory 14, 59, 61, 66, 73, 75, 82, 85, 87, 89, 91

explanation 77, 91, 129

failure 10, 15, 20, 74, 123, 145, 172, 178, 184, 190, 199, 207, 217, 222, 242

faith 165, 235–236

falsification 27, 81, 88, 132

Family Assistance Plan 179

fast-slow continuum 83, 85–87

fatigue 139

Feyerabend, Paul 5, 204

Fisher, Ronald 39

Fiske, Alan 168, 176

fitness 60, 63–67, 69, 71–74, 82, 203, 205

flight 80, 234–235

folk economics 167

food banks 134, 137, 140

food insecurity 115, 135

food stamps 135, 137

foraging theory 225

Ford, Henry T. 103, 175

Foucault, Michel 45, 50–51

Frankenhuis, Willem 87, 108, 211

Fraser, Sam 141–142

Friedman, Milton 179

Fuegians 50

fundamental attribution error 140

Garthwaite, Kayleigh 123, 134, 136, 138

Gates, Bill 216

genetic evolution 14, 30, 59, 62, 64, 68–69, 71–72, 75

genetic inheritance 67, 72, 158–160

genetic replication 65

genetic systems 14, 30, 59, 62, 64, 68–69, 71, 75

Germany 29

Geronimus, Arline 105

Gini coefficient 118–119

Gintis, Herb 43, 52–55

Glasgow 58

Great Smoky Mountains study 150–151

Hacking, Ian 5

Haidt, Jonathan 241

Hamilton, William 39

Hardy, G. H. 218, 220

Harwood, Ronald 217

Hawking, Stephen 216

Healy, Kieran 130

Helsinki 185

holiday hunger 137

Horton, Richard 231–232

Howard, Michael 178

human evolutionary behavioural science 209

hunger 129

hunger-obesity paradox 135

hunter-gatherers 168, 220

Icarus 24

illusion of validity 160

impulsivity 129, 237–239

India 179

Individuality and Entanglement (Gintis) 43, 52, 54

Industrial Revolution 174

inequality 3, 32, 100, 111–127, 144, 158, 164, 171–172, 179

inflammation 102

information 10, 18, 25, 68, 78, 81, 84, 98, 107–109, 120, 137, 160, 170, 191,

194, 196, 198, 200–201, 205, 208, 222, 227

inquisitorial legal systems 23

insecurity 164, 171–172

intention 33

inter-disciplinarity 4, 180, 184, 186, 189, 195, 197, 199

Israeli 160

Japan, Japanese 111, 200

Jensen’s inequality 118, 124

Kafka, Franz 239

Kahneman, Daniel 160

Kenya 154–155, 157

King, Martin Luther 163, 172

Kirby, Simon 68, 207

Konner, Melvin 92

Lenoir, Timothy 182, 188, 192–193

Lewens, Tim 59–60

life history theory 83, 88, 211

Loewenstein, George 139–140

London 141, 217

Marie Antoinette 138

Marxism 31

Marx, Karl 31–32

mathematical modelling 90

Mathot, Kimberley 87

Mayr, Ernst 124

meaning 26, 48, 66–67, 97, 104, 109, 190

mechanistic explanations 91

Melville, Herman 129

memory 207, 216

Mendelssohn, Felix 34

Mercier, Hugo 16–17, 19–21, 24

me-sidedness 17–19, 21–23

meta-analysis 237–238

microeconomics 46

middle way 241, 243

Minds Make Societies (Boyer) 25, 31

morality 39, 52, 173, 190

More, Thomas 164

Mori, Masahiro 200

Muller, Max 66

multilevel modelling 120

musicianship 188

Namibia 173, 179

narcotics 155–156

Native Americans 150

natural experiments 149, 194

Nature 14, 62, 68, 83–84, 86, 100, 105, 111, 114, 192, 196, 198, 222–223

neoliberalism 164–165

neo-materialism 122

Nettle, Daniel 69, 207, 211

Newcastle 44, 96, 123, 142

Newman, John Henry 231

Newtonian mechanics 80–82

Newton, Isaac 82, 133

nirvana 241, 244

Nixon, Richard 179

NPR 25

nuance 5, 130, 185, 207–208

obesity 83, 114–115, 118, 134–135, 211

observational research 107

other-regarding preferences 53, 190

ownership 173–174

Paine, Thomas 174

Panchanathan, Karthik 92, 108, 176

Panglossian 47

paradigm shifts 212

Paris 99

peer review 20–21, 130–132, 197, 213, 228, 236, 242

Pepper, Gillian 57, 103–104, 106, 108

personality 10, 23–24, 88, 140, 145, 153, 158–159, 195

pessimistic meta-induction 15, 236

Petersen, Michael Bang 167

Philosophical Investigations (Wittgenstein) 93

Pickett, Kate 111–112, 114–116, 121–122, 124–127

Planck, Max 21, 242

plasticity 158

playfulness 223

Pollet, Thomas V. 111, 114

Poor man’s pudding and rich man’s crumbs (Melville) 129

Popper, Karl 244

population thinking 124–126

poverty 3, 56, 98, 100–101, 103, 106, 122, 130, 134, 138, 144–146, 150, 157, 159–160, 205

Powers, Simon 55

prediction error 202, 204–206

predictive coding 200–201

preregistration 11

Price equation 61–63, 65, 67–68

Price, George 62

productivity 178, 183, 218, 221, 227–228

psychosocial comparison 122

publication iv, 16, 223–224, 227–229, 234

Raine, Adrian 25, 28, 30

Rai, Tage 168, 176

randomised control trials 149

rational actor model 46–47, 52–53, 80

reasoning 8–9, 13, 16–21, 23, 51–52, 54–55, 73, 75, 112, 124, 175, 177, 194, 241, 244

redistribution 122, 147, 157–158

reductionism 37, 220

replication crisis 9, 11, 16, 231, 235–236, 240

Republican party 125, 179

research metrics 217, 223, 231

Richerson, Peter 45, 50

Rickard, Ian 211

Rome, Roman 58, 60, 174, 184, 224

roundheads 189, 195

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 138

Russell, Bertrand 1, 29, 163

Russians 50

Sahlins, Marshall 220

Scandinavia 111

scatterplots 112–115, 124

Science 54, 102, 141, 182, 188, 193, 198–199, 204, 207, 211, 215, 221–223, 225, 232–233, 243–244

scientific disciplines 182, 184, 188, 193

scientific method 8, 20–21, 36, 174, 233, 244

Scotland 194

security 163–164, 171–172, 177

self-interest 16, 54, 126, 177

sex 28, 47, 66, 82–83, 97, 101, 143, 170, 241

Shankland, Tom 62

Simonton, Dean Keith 225

simulation 118–119, 167

skill 4, 29, 150, 153–155, 161, 164, 178, 182–184, 186–188, 190–193, 195–197, 203, 227

small-world networks 196, 198

Smith, E. A. 51

smoking 56–57, 77–78, 103, 105–106

social cognition 167

social constructionism 39, 45

social heterogeneity 49

social norms 27, 49, 53–54, 131–132, 244

social practice theory 80–82

social sciences 1, 26–27, 35–38, 51, 60–62, 75, 92, 133, 203–204, 206, 217, 235

socio-economic disparities 78, 98, 101, 104–105, 145, 203

Solow paradox 228

Sperber, Dan 16–17, 19–21, 24, 61, 72

Spinoza, Baruch 224, 230

Standing, Guy 166, 171, 173, 178

St. Antoine 99–100, 103, 107

starlings 91, 192, 206, 237–238

steel man 185, 193–194

Stichweh, Rudolph 193, 199

Strauss, Johann 46

Stravinsky, Igor 46

suffering 240–243

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) 115, 137

Sweden 114–115

Tamariz, Monica 207

teenage pregnancy 203, 205, 207

television 127, 136, 206

telomeres 191–192, 237

theatre companies 221

The Dresser (Harwood) 217

The Mind is Flat (Chater) 77, 240

theories 79

theory 91, 130, 132

theory of planned behaviour 77, 92

The Spirit Level (Wilson and Pickett) 111, 114–115, 119

The Trial (Kafka) 239

Tirez sur le pianiste (Truffaut) 199

Titanic 107

Tourette syndrome 27–28

Truffaut, François 199

Trussell Trust, The 137

Tversky, Amos 160

Tyneside Neighbourhoods (Nettle) 96, 101

ultimate explanations 73, 79, 203

uncanny valley 180, 200–202, 204–207, 209–210

United Kingdom 72, 104, 123, 134, 137–138, 145, 147, 164–166, 169–170, 175, 194

United States 26, 28, 50, 68, 70, 111–112, 114–115, 120, 134, 136, 138, 166, 179, 241

Universal Basic Income 150, 152, 163, 165–175, 177–180

universal credit 166, 171–172

Victorian 70, 96

violence 25, 28, 83

visceral states 139

voluntary simplicity 184, 220

Wales 99, 194

Wallace, A. R. 28, 31

Weber, Max 30–31

Weisman, August 31

Welch, John 14

welfare bill 164, 170

welfare system 175, 179

West End 109, 123, 221, 223

Wilkinson, Richard 111–112, 114–116, 121–122, 124–127

Wilson, E. O. 232–233, 235, 242

Wilson, Margo 144

Wittgenstein, Ludwig 93

Woolf, Virginia 11, 35

work 1, 4–5, 14, 24, 56, 59, 61, 74, 143, 152, 163–164, 166, 169, 171–173, 177–179, 182–183, 193, 218–226, 228–229, 235–237

writers 16, 23–24, 50, 219, 226, 233

writing 2, 11, 22, 38, 107, 131, 175, 198, 212–213, 218, 226, 232, 236, 254

Yellowstone National Park 39

Yule-Simpson effect 114

Zipf’s law 66–67

Zollman, Kevin 196

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