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With and Without Galton

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Nikolai Krementsov

Index

Texte intégral

abolitionism 108, 110, 112

abortion 4, 14, 269, 333, 405, 432

Academy of Medical Sciences (AMN) 345, 353–356, 386, 423, 609–610, 622

Academy of Sciences (AN) xxi, 137, 233, 235, 262, 267, 276, 296, 322, 337, 341, 344–345, 352–354, 358, 361, 366, 378, 381, 393–394, 446, 471, 478, 513, 518, 533–534, 553, 564–565, 577, 599, 601, 610, 613, 637, 639
Nauka (publishers) 362, 374, 384

Adams, Mark B. xi, 13, 402, 441, 468, 488, 491, 502, 605–606

Advances of Modern Biology 326, 337

Alexander I 37, 159, 213

Alexander II 10, 48, 61, 63, 75, 81, 185, 188, 208, 210–211, 218, 227, 375, 414, 463, 469

Alexander III 218, 220

Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg, Grand Duchess 210, 557

All-Union Society of Geneticists and Breeders. See VOGiS

American Journal of Human Genetics 389

American Society of Human Genetics 468, 488

Andreev, Fedor 318

Annales d’hygiène publique et de médecine légale 164, 231

Annals of Eugenics 339, 345, 443, 635

Annals of Human Genetics 635

Annals of the Fatherland 34, 84, 93, 526

anthropogenetics 267, 271, 285, 319, 322, 324, 333–335, 337, 357, 365, 402, 418, 426

Anthropological Society of Paris 137, 163, 166–167, 541

anthropology 9, 16, 26, 73, 93, 106, 117, 195, 228–232, 245, 247, 256, 260, 262, 266, 273, 275, 288, 294–295, 344, 389, 434, 470, 478, 485–486, 488, 564–566, 573, 577, 584

anthropotechnique 246, 267, 271, 333, 357, 418, 426, 572

Antonovich, Maksim 112, 116

Anuchin, Dmitry 256–257, 260, 273, 275, 296, 381, 577, 583

Archive of Legal Medicine and Social Hygiene 195, 231–232, 547–548, 565

Archiv für Rassen- und Gesellschafts-Biologie 3, 251, 294, 396, 488, 587

Ardashnikov, Solomon 402

Arkadii, Archbishop 27–29, 32–33, 36, 508

artificial insemination 321–322, 331, 340, 365, 419, 425, 434, 441, 449–450, 457, 638

artificial selection. See selection, artificial

Astaurov, Boris 355, 357, 368, 610

Avdeev, Vladimir xx, 11, 19, 391–400, 406–407, 424, 427, 432, 464, 624–627
Racial Essence of the Russian Idea, The 392, 406, 627
Raciology 393–395, 406
Russian Eugenics, A Reader 11, 19, 391, 395, 397–400
Russian Racial Theory before 1917 392–393, 406

Babkov, Vasilii xi, 379, 398

Baer, Karl von 46, 130, 476–477, 534

Bakhtin, Mikhail 358

Balbiani, Konstantin 45, 51

Bateson, William 241, 253, 269

Batkis, Grigorii 309–310, 325–326, 328, 333, 594

Baur, Erwin 587, 599

Becquerel, Louis Alfred 154, 537

Bednyi, Dem’ian 322–323, 599–600

Bekhterev, Vladimir 249–250, 574

Beliaev, Dmitrii 353, 366, 608–609

Bell, The 77, 85

Bernard, Claude 54, 59

Bibikov, Petr 94

Bible 163, 288, 489

biology 16, 54, 73, 91, 93, 106, 196, 229, 262, 306, 309–310, 327, 336–337, 352–353, 358, 361–363, 366, 369, 419, 446, 457, 478, 499, 525, 527, 593
evolutionary 95, 117, 326
experimental 20, 262–263, 310, 359, 440–441, 450
michurinist 346, 352–354
molecular 20, 402, 444, 451, 453
new 445–448, 450, 452, 454, 456
racial 294
“visionary” 441–442, 445

Biometrika 241, 569–570

Blagosvetlov, Grigorii xvii, 7, 15–17, 74–83, 87, 92, 97, 104–105, 109–110, 113, 116–124, 145, 150, 183–185, 187, 189–202, 225–226, 228–230, 233–234, 414–415, 464–465, 469–470, 473, 516–518, 523–524, 543, 545–550, 558

Blanter, Vladimir 356–357, 368, 610

Bochkov, Nikolai 355, 364, 373, 378, 385–386, 403, 410, 413, 422, 427, 458, 610, 619, 630
Clinical Genetics 409–410

Bogoliubov, Vladimir 40, 42–43

Bolshevik Party 320, 334, 344

Bolshevik Revolution 13, 17, 255, 257–259, 263, 271, 277, 290, 300, 317, 327–328, 336, 376, 410, 416, 440, 464, 504, 579, 604

Bolsheviks 257–258, 260–261, 263, 265, 270, 275–277, 286, 288, 297, 327, 330, 375, 406, 416–420, 431–432, 584–586, 601

Borges, Jorge Luis 412–413, 493

Botkin, Sergei 53–54, 206, 554–555

Boudin, Jean-Marc 137, 163–164, 166–167, 169, 233, 536, 539–540

Bredov, Roman 206–207, 554–555

British Eugenics Society 342, 380, 448

Brock, J. F. 448, 453

Bronn, Heinrich Georg 101, 481, 483, 525

Bronovskii, Jacob 448, 453

Büchner, Ludwig 95, 98

Buckle, Henry T. 84, 104

Buffon, Georges-Louis 62, 362, 490, 492

Bunak, Viktor 260, 263–264, 266, 271, 275, 303, 333, 338, 379, 398, 577–579, 584, 589

Buniakovskii, Viktor 234, 567–568

Byron, George Gordon, Lord Don Juan 125, 162

Campanella, Tommaso 290, 436

Candolle, Alphonse de 236, 551, 569

Catherine the Great 28, 32

censorship 78, 80–82, 92–93, 120, 122–124, 184, 186, 189, 225, 288, 376, 469, 517–518, 526, 532, 543, 545, 550, 588, 618
St. Petersburg Censorship Committee 87, 186, 225

Cervantes, Miguel de 412, 461
Don Quixote 161, 413, 461

Chadwick, Edwin 438

Chaliapin, Fedor 279, 304, 317

Chernyshevskii, Nikolai 78, 84–85, 97, 118, 145, 179, 233, 507, 566, 601
What is to be Done? 84–85, 227

Chistovich, Iakov 55, 57, 67, 120, 234, 467, 537, 556

Ciba Foundation 447, 449, 637
Man and his Future 20, 363, 446–447, 613

Civic Code, Russian 227, 300–301

Civil War, American 107

Civil War, Russian 17, 255, 257–259, 263, 265, 330–331, 335, 359, 577

Claparède, Édouard 101, 481, 483, 525, 648

Clark, Colin 448, 453

Cold War 20, 293, 346, 352, 356, 362, 374, 402, 404, 411, 437, 443–444, 446, 457, 464
Cuban missile crisis 448

Comfort, Alex 448, 450

Communist Academy 276, 309–310, 313–314, 319, 324, 595
Society of Materialist-Biologists 314, 317, 596

conditional reflexes 334, 359, 361, 612

Contemporary, The 34–35, 78, 81, 84–85, 96–97, 107, 112, 118, 120, 126, 179, 185, 224, 226, 507, 517, 519–520, 526, 542

Council of People’s Commissars (SNK) 265, 586

Crick, Francis 363, 448, 452, 454

Crimean War 9, 48, 51, 64, 73–74, 77, 89–90, 227, 410, 414, 464, 508

Crow, James F. 455

Dally, Eugène 163, 167, 541

Darwin, Charles 8, 15–16, 25, 74, 84, 92, 95, 100–110, 112, 114–117, 119, 121, 126, 134, 138, 146, 153, 156, 163, 166, 174–177, 193, 195–199, 201–202, 228, 232, 240, 243, 245, 251, 276, 279, 291, 297, 303, 306, 308, 326, 329, 337, 362, 369–371, 394, 413, 420, 428, 437–438, 440, 445, 450, 452, 470, 473, 481–485, 490–491, 493, 524–527, 530–531, 533, 551, 594, 648
Descent of Man, The xviii, 17, 101, 198–199, 201, 229–230, 297, 415
On the Origin of Species 8, 16, 26, 101–103, 105–106, 108, 128, 134, 138, 163, 176–177, 197, 199, 326, 371, 437, 475, 481–486, 490, 515, 527, 542, 590, 647–648, 652
Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication, The 196–197, 548

Darwinism 2, 17, 105, 125, 201, 276, 285, 295, 297, 317, 326, 337, 362, 369, 415, 419–420, 428, 468, 493, 525, 529, 585, 594, 612, 634

Darwin, Leonard 243, 332, 429

Davenport, Charles 241, 245, 269–270, 332, 336, 340, 433, 435, 581–582, 604

Davidenkov, Sergei 302, 324–325, 327, 333, 338–339, 341–342, 344–345, 353–356, 361, 366, 595, 607

Debay, Auguste 192, 490

Deed 17, 183–184, 190, 193–197, 200–202, 226, 229–230, 415, 465, 469, 517, 546–548, 558, 563–564, 583

degeneration 7–8, 10, 13, 16–18, 73, 121–122, 124–127, 136, 142, 150, 154, 156–157, 159–162, 164–165, 169–170, 172–173, 175–176, 178, 180, 183, 195–197, 202, 205, 224, 227–228, 232–236, 240, 245, 248–249, 251, 270, 280, 282, 286, 290, 294, 296–298, 309, 312–313, 316, 330, 356, 370, 373, 376, 378, 410, 413, 416, 420, 425, 431, 437–440, 443, 458, 487–488, 492–493, 566–568, 653

Delianov, Ivan 211–212, 218, 557

Devay, Francis 164, 166–167, 233, 490, 539–540

Dickens, Charles 111

Dickson, Sam 395

Dobroliubov, Nikolai 42, 78, 84, 145, 179, 507, 520, 601

Dobzhansky, Theodosius 358, 367, 370, 455, 596, 616

Dostoevsky, Fedor 34, 41, 75, 84, 87, 96, 108, 247, 266, 470, 644

Dubinin, Nikolai 352–353, 355, 364, 609, 614

Dubovitskii, Petr 51–53, 57, 70, 188–189, 204, 206, 510, 554–555

Dunn, Leslie C. 443, 468, 488

Edwards, William Frédéric 130

Efroimson, Vladimir 354–355, 364, 615

emancipation of the serfs. See serfdom

Engels, Friedrich 325–326, 438, 440, 601

eugamics 8–9, 328–332, 334, 351, 410, 412, 419–422, 499

Eugenics Record Office (ERO), United States 269, 282, 285, 433

Eugenics Record Office (ERO), University College London 4, 242–243

Eugenics Review 243, 251, 339–340, 583, 605, 633

eugénnetique 3–4, 17, 246, 581

euphenics 318–319, 323, 329, 419–420, 426, 450–452, 454, 456

euthenics 3, 244

Fando, Roman 379

fascism 2, 341, 346, 365

Filipchenko, Iurii xviii, xix, 249–250, 255, 267–270, 273, 278, 291, 299, 301, 303–304, 306–307, 309, 312–313, 315, 317, 320–321, 325, 327, 329, 334, 337, 352, 354, 357–359, 365–367, 370, 379, 396, 398, 580–582, 593, 596–597, 616–618

Florinskaia (née Fufaevskaia), Maria 70, 121, 187, 202–203, 223, 236, 465–467

Florinskii, Mark Iakovlev 27–30, 37, 65, 383

Florinskii, Vasilii
childhood 26–31
death 13, 17, 224, 236, 239, 245, 416, 465, 467
establishes Tomsk University 214–215, 217–218, 220–223, 351, 370, 380, 382, 384, 387, 391, 409, 423, 458, 466–468, 559–560
IMSA promotions 203, 212, 216
letters 39, 60, 68, 465, 512
marriage and children 71, 121, 187, 202–203, 207, 212, 215, 223, 465, 532
memoirs 35, 46, 117, 215, 467, 504, 512
moves from IMSA to Ministry of People’s Enlightenment 212–213
studies for priesthood 38–40
studies medicine 42–58
subject of scandal 185–187, 202
travels to Europe 59–69, 465
works in Siberia 214–223, 223, 384

Fortpflanzungshygiene 3, 244, 246, 426

Frank, Johann Peter 203, 438, 552

Freeze, Gregory L. 10, 227, 562

future, the 4–6, 9, 14, 16, 20, 48, 64, 67–68, 74–75, 94, 102, 119, 129, 174, 193, 201, 233, 243, 252–254

Galton, Francis 1–11, 13, 15–20, 23, 25–26, 139, 173–174, 176–178, 180, 183, 199–202, 224, 231, 235–236, 239–246, 249, 251, 265–267, 270, 273–274, 278–279, 284, 290–292, 294, 296–297, 299, 303–308, 312, 315, 318–321, 328–332, 345, 347, 351, 356–358, 361–362, 364–373, 378, 380, 384, 389, 398, 400–401, 403, 409–410, 415–417, 420–422, 424, 426–429, 432–433, 438–439, 442–443, 458, 474, 481, 491, 497, 499, 503–504, 550–551, 569–573, 575, 584, 592–593, 615
Essays on Eugenics 243, 265, 303, 305, 307, 409, 497, 570–571, 622
Hereditary Genius 20, 180, 199–200, 245, 365, 368, 372, 378, 409–410, 422, 551, 569, 584, 607

Gamaleia, Nikolai 249–252, 254, 576

generative hygiene 249, 250, 251, 254, 436. See also Fortpflanzungshygiene

genetics xix, 11, 13, 18–20, 241, 249–250, 252–255, 263, 267, 269, 271, 288, 293, 298, 302–304, 310–312, 314–317, 319–322, 328–329, 334–335, 337, 339–340, 342–344, 346, 348, 351–355, 357, 359–363, 365–366, 369–371, 374, 379, 389–390, 401–402, 404, 409–410, 434, 440, 443, 445, 448–449, 453–454, 458, 470–471, 594–595, 602, 609–610, 613, 616, 631, 633, 635. See also medical genetics

genofond 316–317, 321, 331, 378, 396, 419–420, 445, 597

germinal choice 449–450, 452, 454, 456

GIZ, State Publishing House 303–307, 310, 592–593

glasnost’ 48, 64, 75, 81, 227, 231, 375–376, 414, 422, 509

Glebov, Ivan 51–54, 61, 204, 384, 510, 555

Glikson, Artur 448, 453, 638

Goddard, Henry H. 418

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang 361–362, 367

Gogol, Nikolai 34, 40

Goncharov, Ivan 34, 87

Gorbachev, Mikhail 374–375, 422, 464

Gorky, Maxim 304, 317

Graham, Robert Clark 456

Great Break 293, 320–322, 324–325, 327, 339, 611

Great Medical Encyclopedia 299, 319, 353–354, 356, 373

Great Reforms 10, 48, 56, 64, 74, 84, 89, 94, 208, 210–211, 213, 218, 375, 410, 413–414, 463, 509, 556, 562

Great Soviet Encyclopedia 319, 325, 347, 364, 366

Great Terror 19, 293, 340

Grinberg, Lev 476, 481

Gruber, Ventseslav 63, 205

Gulag 352, 354, 376, 381

Gunn, John C. 9, 500

Haldane, J. B. S. 363, 426, 441, 448–449, 452–453, 614, 634

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich 36

Heinlein, Robert A. 5, 446

hereditary diseases 19, 155, 167–170, 172, 283, 288, 302, 311, 321, 331, 341, 345, 356, 369, 373, 389, 404–405, 420, 422, 457, 490, 537

heredity 4–8, 13, 16–17, 19–20, 23, 110, 121, 123, 125–128, 133–138, 142–143, 147–148, 154, 165–166, 168–170, 172–174, 177–178, 196, 228–229, 234, 239–241, 243–244, 249, 251–253, 263, 266–267, 271–273, 278, 288, 295, 298, 301, 306, 308–311, 314–315, 318, 320–322, 324, 326–329, 332, 338, 343, 345, 347, 349, 351, 354, 356–357, 364, 366, 368–369, 371, 373, 386, 389–390, 400, 402, 409–410, 419, 424, 434, 437, 440–442, 458, 478, 490, 535, 594, 635

Herzen, Alexander 61, 77, 81, 83, 87, 516, 601–602

Hitler, Adolf 340, 342, 396

Hoagland, Hudson 448, 450

Hospital for Menial Workers 54, 91

human destiny 20, 435, 467. See also future, the

human evolution 8, 101, 198, 228, 270, 285, 291, 294, 297, 326–327, 363, 417, 467
directed 8, 363

Human Genome Project 20, 389–390, 403, 437, 458

humaniculture 3, 244

human nature 5, 20, 100, 295, 298, 326, 328, 363, 365, 420–421, 424, 435–437, 458

Huxley, Aldous 436, 442, 446

Huxley, Julian 342, 363, 426, 445, 448–449, 452–453

Huxley, Thomas Henry 95, 101–102, 105, 114, 481

Hygiene and Sanitation 249–252

Iakobii, Pavel 193–195, 200–201, 228, 235–236, 465, 546, 569

Imperial Medical-Surgical Academy (IMSA) xvii, 7, 14–15, 40, 42–52, 55–56, 76, 91–92, 118–120, 163, 185, 187–189, 198, 202–204, 207–209, 211–213, 231, 373, 380, 390, 465–468, 476, 482, 507–510, 543–544, 565, 617
council of 43–44, 46, 51, 56–57, 60, 69, 185, 202, 204, 206–207, 555

incest 4, 7, 127, 162, 165. See also marriage, consanguineous

inheritance of acquired characteristics 196, 278, 294, 298, 306, 310–313, 315, 318, 328, 360, 371, 420, 594–596. See also Lamarckism

Institute for the History of Natural Sciences and Technology (IIET) 361, 376, 379

Institute of Experimental Biology (IEB) 262–266, 270, 275–276, 304, 312, 324, 341, 345, 355, 580, 584, 600

Institute of Medical Genetics (IMG), Moscow 339, 351, 386

Institute of Medical Genetics (IMG), Tomsk 11, 19, 355, 385–386, 389, 403–404, 423

Institute of Physical Culture (IFK) 275, 277–278, 333, 470, 588

International Eugenics Congress
First, London, 1912 2, 243, 251–252, 429, 433
Second, New York City, 1921 2, 269–270, 282, 336, 417, 429
Third, New York City, 1932 2, 336–337, 339, 429

International Federation of Eugenic Organizations 270, 321, 429

International Genetics Congress
Fifth, Berlin, 1927 xix, 314, 335
Seventh, Edinburgh 339, 342, 605
Sixth, Ithaca, 1932 336

isolation 128, 132, 156, 269

Iudin, Tikhon 249–250, 252–254, 263–264, 271–272, 299, 302–303, 306–307, 309, 319, 325, 327, 333, 338–339, 355, 379, 396, 398, 574, 576

Izvestiia xxii, 271, 296, 300, 322–323, 347, 581, 599–600

James, William 412

Jordan, David Starr 440, 632

Kakushkin, Nikolai 268–269

Kaminskii, Grigorii 339, 341

Kammerer, Paul 310, 427, 594–595

Kanaev, Ivan 19, 268, 358–359, 361–362, 366–374, 378, 382, 384–386, 403, 413–414, 421–422, 427, 475, 611, 613, 615–617
Francis Galton 592, 611, 616, 619
Twins and Genetics 366–367, 370

Karakozov, Dmitrii 185, 188, 204, 208, 211, 226, 228, 414–415

Kashkin, Nikolai 96–97

Katkov, Mikhail 84, 87

Kazan University 50, 195, 214, 216–218, 249

Khrushchev, Nikita 19, 351–354

Kiter, Alexander 49–51, 53, 56, 205, 207, 509

Klein, Marc 448, 452–453, 638

Knowledge 198–200, 202, 550, 552

Kol’tsov, Nikolai xviii, 250, 255, 262–272, 276, 278–279, 291, 294, 297–299, 301–304, 306–308, 311–313, 315–319, 321–322, 324–325, 327–330, 333–334, 338, 341, 344–345, 352–355, 357, 360, 369–370, 379, 396, 398, 418, 428, 441, 451, 468, 488, 578–581, 589–590, 592–593, 598, 600, 610, 616, 650

Konstantin Nikolaevich, Grand Duke 210–211, 215, 463

Kozlov, Nikolai I. 205, 207

Kraevskii, Andrei 84, 87

Krasnogorskii, Nikolai 361, 612

Krasovskii, Anton 50, 53–54, 56, 69, 205–207, 510, 512

Kropotkin, Petr 34, 246–247, 573

Krzywicki, Ludwik 245, 247–248, 572

Kushelev-Bezborodko, Grigorii 75–78, 81, 463

Kuznetsova, Anna 210–211

Lamarckism 309–315, 317-318, 329, 420, 441, 594, 596, 612

Lamarck, Jean-Baptiste 249, 310–311, 318, 329, 332, 343, 360, 420, 424, 490

Lederberg, Joshua 363, 448–457, 641

Lenin, Vladimir 257, 265, 276, 294, 306, 346, 364, 386, 452, 585, 601

Lermontov, Mikhail 34, 69, 85

Levit, Solomon xix, 19, 311, 314, 319, 321–322, 325, 328, 333–342, 354–355, 379, 402, 521, 595, 604

Lewes, George H. 92, 95

Library of Racial Thought 391–392, 397, 626

Lipmann, Fritz A. 363, 448

Liublinskii, Pavel 248, 301, 379, 398

Lobashov, Mikhail 365–366

Lombroso, Cesare 247, 492

Lyell, Charles 95, 101, 105, 129, 533, 542

Lysenko, Trofim 19, 341, 343–346, 352–356, 401–402, 421, 435, 470–471, 607, 609, 612

MacKay, Donald M. 449, 453

MacKintosh, Elizabeth. See Tey, Josephine

Makarii, Archbishop 35–36, 216, 506

marriage 5, 7–8, 10, 16, 27, 29, 38, 120–121, 124–125, 127, 136, 150–152, 154, 156, 162–163, 169–173, 177–180, 195, 201, 224–225, 227–228, 234, 236, 239–240, 242, 253, 268, 272–273, 278–280, 283–284, 287, 293–294, 296–297, 299–303, 325, 331, 356, 369, 372, 389–390, 400, 403, 406, 415, 418–419, 425, 431, 436, 487, 490, 562
consanguineous 4, 10, 124, 156, 163–170, 172, 177, 294, 301, 365, 373, 389, 404, 425, 541. See also incest
hygienic 121, 126, 151, 154
mixed 8, 10, 124, 136, 156, 228
rational 8, 10, 16, 124, 127, 145, 150–151, 156, 159, 499
regulation of 10, 18, 121, 156, 500, 542, 562

Marxism 18, 239, 275–279, 285, 295, 303–304, 306–307, 309–311, 313–320, 324, 326–329, 331–333, 338, 344, 351, 354, 363–364, 368, 372, 391, 400–401, 417, 419–422, 426, 428, 435, 464, 572, 585, 594

Marx, Karl 277–278, 306, 308–309, 325, 440, 585

Maudsley, Henry 242, 492

Medawar, Peter B. 363, 448, 453

Medical-Biological Institute (MBI) 319, 321, 323, 334, 337–339

medical genetics 11, 19, 333–334, 338–341, 344–347, 349, 351, 353–358, 365, 369–373, 378–379, 385–387, 389–390, 400–403, 405, 413, 420–422, 435, 457, 602

Medical Herald 57–58, 64, 67, 70, 73, 119–120, 163, 188–189, 536

Medical Institute, Leningrad 359, 361

Mendel, Gregor xix, 241, 249, 251–253, 266, 298, 303, 310, 314–315, 329, 335, 346–347, 356, 360, 366, 371, 389, 424, 442, 592, 594, 610
Experiments on Plant Hybrids 303, 305, 354

Mendelism 253, 273, 295, 346, 354, 361, 441, 576

Mestergazi, Mikhail 317–318, 596, 598

Military-Medical Academy (VMA) 43, 380. See also Imperial Medical-Surgical Academy

Military-Medical Journal 49, 57, 69, 73, 185

Miliutin, Dmitrii 188, 207, 209, 211–212, 556

Mill, John Stuart 84–85, 566

Minaev, Dmitrii 78, 83, 125–126, 533

Ministry of Internal Affairs 82, 87, 543
Medical Department 212, 231

Ministry of People’s Enlightenment 82, 208–209, 211–213, 216, 218, 220, 260, 465, 467, 556
Scientific Committee 208, 216

Modern Psychiatry 252, 254

Moleschott, Jacob 92, 95, 98, 194

Mol’kov, Al’fred 261, 263

Morel, Bénédict 169–170, 198, 492, 541–542, 653

Morgan, Thomas Hunt 298, 313–315, 335, 346, 360, 596

Morigerovskii, Alexander 36–38, 40–41, 118–119, 199, 506, 549

Moscow Society of Psychiatrists and Neurologists 302, 324

Moscow University xviii, 51, 92, 101, 118, 185, 230, 255, 259–260, 266, 273, 275, 296, 309, 311, 354, 381, 482, 583, 603

Motkov, Stanislav 377–378, 618

Muller, Herman J. xix, 62, 293, 335–343, 353, 363, 426, 435, 448–450, 452–457, 531, 603–607, 638–640
Out of the Night 339, 449, 452, 605

Napoleonic wars 159, 438, 555

Narkompros (People’s Commissariat of Enlightenment) 260, 263, 319, 577, 579, 586

Narkomzdrav (People’s Commissariat of Health Protection) 260, 262–265, 269, 271, 275, 277, 300, 306, 319, 325, 327, 330, 338–339
OMM (protection of maternity and infancy) Department 277, 283, 300
OZDP (protection of children’s and adolescents’health) Department 277, 283, 586

National Museum of the Tatarstan Republic 465, 504

natural selection. See selection, natural

Nature 241, 339, 454, 456

Neel, James V. 402–403

Nekrasov, Nikolai 78, 84, 87, 118

New Economic Policy (NEP) 265–266, 300, 320, 359, 410, 579–580

Niceforo, Alfredo 291, 588

Nicholas I 37, 48, 63, 89, 179, 218, 505, 543, 553

Nicholas II 220, 257

nihilists 88, 520, 562

NKVD (People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs) 324, 396

Norov, Avraam 89–90, 521

Nozhin, Nikolai 114–117, 531

Ol’khin, Pavel 92, 476

Orbeli, Leon 345, 361, 366

Orshanskii, Isaak 248–249

Orwell, George 436

Pargamin, Manus 235

Parkes, Alan S. 448, 450

Paul I 46, 210, 553

Pavlov, Ivan xix, 88, 339, 345, 359–361, 612

Pavlovskii, Evgenii 356, 593, 610

Pchelov, Evgenii 379, 398, 622

Pearson, Karl 3, 241–243, 245, 252, 278, 291, 332, 570, 635

Pelikan, Evgenii 54, 91, 231

Pelikan, Ventseslav 43–45, 51, 204

People’s Commissariat of

Enlightenment. See Narkompros

People’s Commissariat of Health Protection. See Narkomzdrav

People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs. See NKVD

Peter-Paul Fortress 81–82, 190, 195, 415, 526, 549

Petersburg Leaf 87, 185–187, 202, 545

Peter the Great 4, 141, 216, 273, 427, 508, 583

Petrov, Osip 279–280

Pincus, Gregory 448, 450, 452

Pirie, N. W. 448, 452, 456

Pirogov, Nikolai 46, 49–50, 63, 477

Pisarev, Dmitrii 7, 15, 79, 81–85, 88, 92, 97–99, 102–105, 122, 124, 144–145, 176, 179, 184, 196, 224, 475, 482, 491, 515, 517, 522–524, 526, 528, 548–549, 601, 652

Plato 4, 274, 290, 436

Platonov, Petr 49

Ploetz, Alfred 2–3, 244, 426, 497

Polonskii, Iakov 75, 77, 97

Pomialovskii, Nikolai 31–32, 79, 506

Portugalov, Veniamin 183, 195–198, 202, 229, 233, 235, 545–549
Issues in Social Hygiene 198, 201, 415

Pravda xxii, 295, 336, 347

Priroda xxii, 250, 267, 296, 338, 341, 356, 368, 370, 374, 393, 550, 552, 626

Prokof’eva-Bel’govskaia, Alexandra 353, 355, 366

puériculture 3, 244, 246, 426, 429

Pukirev, Vasilii 155
The Unequal Marriage xvii, 154–155, 227

Pushkin, Alexander 23, 31, 34, 69, 85

Putin, Vladimir 375, 464

Puzyrev, Valerii xx, 11, 19, 385–391, 399, 403–406, 410, 422–423, 427, 464, 621, 643

Quatrefages, Armand de 95, 105, 110

Quetelet, Adolphe 149, 233

race 3, 6, 8, 106–108, 111, 113–115, 125, 129, 141, 160–161, 166, 169, 177–178, 242, 246–247, 278, 282–283, 309, 317, 332, 356, 369, 371, 392, 394, 398, 406–407, 431–432, 444, 447–448, 453, 485–486, 488, 491, 527, 530, 573, 652

Rachinskii, Sergei 101–103, 176, 482–484, 490–491, 525–526, 533, 648

racial hygiene 3, 244, 250–251, 254, 262, 294, 343, 365, 395–396, 401, 406, 421, 424, 436, 442–443, 575–576, 589. See also Rassenhygiene

raciology 11, 392–395, 398, 400, 406, 623–624, 626

racism 2, 13, 270, 307, 341, 344, 346, 393, 395, 402, 431, 444, 625

Radin, Evgenii 277–278, 327, 432, 585–587

Rassenhygiene 3–4, 17, 244, 246, 295, 340–342, 344, 401, 426, 428–429, 442, 488, 497, 502, 575, 633

raznochintsy 179, 329, 542

Reclam, Karl H. 196–197, 201, 415, 548–549

Reclus, Élie 79, 83, 110, 112, 114

Reich, Eduard 196–197, 415, 548–549

Richard III 462–463

Ritter, Carl 84, 95

Rklitskii, Ivan 49

Rokitansky, Carl 59, 62

Rokitskii, Petr 302, 320, 369

Rolle, Friedrich 104–105, 482, 529, 648

Royer, Clémence 101, 103, 106–110, 160, 174, 481, 483, 491, 525–526, 529–530, 652

Rushton, J. Philippe 394–395

Russell, Bertrand 441, 634

Russian Eugenics Journal (REZh) 275, 306–308, 316, 357, 427–428, 581, 583, 587, 616

Russian Eugenics Society (RES) 10, 18, 239, 255, 264–267, 269–274, 277, 294, 299–300, 302–303, 308, 316, 318, 333, 355, 357, 379, 398, 421, 470, 472, 488, 579–581

Russian Federation xxi, 374–375, 391, 406

Russian Herald 84, 87, 107, 224

Russian Orthodox Church 10, 36, 171, 562

Russian Word 7, 15–17, 72–85, 87–90, 92–95, 97, 100, 102, 105, 107, 110, 112–113, 116–118, 123–126, 133, 144–145, 163, 174–176, 179, 183–185, 187–194, 203, 224–226, 234, 273, 286–287, 370, 382, 387, 415, 463, 465, 469–470, 476, 487, 517, 519, 522–524, 532, 534, 563

Schleicher, August 104–105, 528

science fiction (SF) 5, 362, 436, 444, 446, 457

Sechenov, Ivan 53–54, 120, 196, 513, 532, 549–550

secret police 77, 81–82, 118, 185, 208, 469, 473, 547

selection
artificial 16, 101, 147, 271, 378, 437, 484
natural 8, 95, 106, 108, 110, 146, 177, 201, 251, 297, 335, 378, 437, 439, 483, 490–491, 526–527, 530, 594, 648
sexual 16, 102, 146, 176, 297, 438, 484, 590

Semashko, Nikolai 261, 263, 266, 278, 300, 306, 308–309, 320, 325, 327, 329, 356, 432, 578–579, 593

Serebrovskii, Alexander xix, 239, 262, 271, 279, 313–317, 319, 321–325, 328–329, 331, 334–336, 338, 340–341, 344, 352, 355, 357, 368, 379, 396, 398, 419–420, 450, 582, 599–600, 603

serfdom 107, 157–158, 179, 232
emancipation of the serfs 48, 56, 74, 84, 107, 109, 562

Serno-Solov’evich, Nikolai 94, 97

sexual selection. See selection, sexual

Shakespeare, William 25, 462

Sharp, Harry C. 264–266

Shchapov, Afanasii 79, 83, 92, 94, 117, 518–519, 534

Shelgunov, Nikolai 7, 15, 74, 79, 81, 83, 90, 92, 94, 99–100, 103, 105, 118, 120, 122, 124, 159, 190, 414, 469

Shklovskii, Isaak 247, 573

Shnirel’man, Viktor 393–394

Shorokhova, Antonina 269, 321

Shull, William 402–403

Siemens, Hermann W. 278, 284, 291, 308, 587

slavery 7, 107, 109–112, 114–116, 127, 150, 160, 163, 194, 232

Slavophiles 68, 75, 513

Slepkov, Vasilii 295–297, 299, 307, 328, 589–590

social hygiene 9, 14, 16, 18, 120, 126, 174, 176, 195–197, 201, 227–232, 251, 255, 261, 263, 285, 308–309, 325, 329, 333, 379, 415, 419–420, 438, 473, 485–487, 548, 565–566, 568, 578, 633, 649–650
State Institute of 262, 300–301, 325, 591
State Museum of xviii, 260–263, 578

Society for the Protection of People’s Health 231, 249

Society of Enthusiasts for the Natural Sciences, Anthropology, and Ethnography 90, 230, 257

Society of Russian Physicians, St. Petersburg 55, 69, 73, 185, 189, 207, 234, 264, 553

Sokolov, Nikolai 79, 83, 579

Solov’ev, Zinovii 261, 306–309, 325, 327, 329, 356, 600–601

Soviet Union ii, xi, 11, 13, 18, 19, 293, 302, 312, 323, 326, 327, 328, 332, 333, 337, 339, 340, 341, 344, 345, 346, 347, 349, 351, 352, 356, 361, 363, 368, 374, 375, 376, 377, 379, 381, 384, 385, 391, 392, 396, 400, 401, 403, 404, 405, 406, 411, 418, 421, 422, 425, 435, 442, 443, 471, 472, 502, 503, 585, 586, 599, 605, 607, 614, 617, 622, 623, 624, 628, 632. See also USSR

Spark 87, 112–114

Spencer, Herbert 481

Speranskii, Mikhail 37, 213, 505

Stalin, Joseph 19, 320, 322, 324, 327, 333, 339–340, 342, 344, 346, 351–352, 354, 361, 364, 381, 398, 420–421, 442, 450, 605–606, 624

State Council 210–211, 214, 220

Steinach, Eugene 264, 266

sterilization 4, 246–248, 253, 264, 266, 271–273, 276, 283, 301, 325, 331, 369, 396, 403, 418, 425, 472, 579–580

Stowe, Harriet Beecher 107, 111, 114

St. Petersburg Foundling Home 57–58, 205

St. Petersburg Theological Academy. See Theological Academy, St. Petersburg

St. Petersburg University 76, 97, 209, 212, 428

Strakhov, Nikolai 87, 108–110, 482, 530

Suvorin, Aleksei 213–214, 558

Sysin, Aleksei 263, 300–301, 327, 379

Table of Ranks 44, 64, 72, 220, 468, 478, 508, 511

Tey, Josephine Daughter of Time, The 462, 472, 474

Thaw 19, 351–352, 355, 361, 363, 374, 411, 421–422

Theological Academy, St. Petersburg 14, 26, 34, 36–38, 41, 43–44, 507

Timiriazev, Kliment 245, 276, 482

Timiriazev State Scientific-Research Institute for the Study and Propaganda of the Natural-Science Foundations of Dialectical Materialism 275–278, 280, 286, 312, 316, 326, 585, 588, 645

Timofeev-Ressovskii, Nikolai 355, 366

Tkachev, Petr 7, 78–79, 83–84, 124, 184, 418, 522

Toll’, Feliks 133, 476, 649

Tolstoi, Dmitrii 208–209, 213–215, 217–218

Tolstoi, Konstantin 163

Tomsk University xviii, 217–218, 220–222, 370, 382, 384–388, 391, 409, 458, 465–468, 513, 558–559

Trembley, Abraham 359, 362, 367

Trotsky, Leon 271, 327, 341, 417

Trowell, Hubert C. 449, 453

Turgenev, Ivan 34, 85, 370, 414
Fathers and Children 84–85, 370

twins, studies of 240, 249, 334, 337, 339, 341, 345, 359, 361–362, 366, 373, 418, 616

Under the Banner of Marxism 309, 341, 344, 363, 597

University College London, Eugenics Record Office of. See Eugenics Record Office

Urals University 381–382, 620

USSR xxi, 11, 265, 322, 342, 344–345, 353, 378, 425, 502–503, 586, 590–591, 602, 605, 608–609, 614–615

Vaisenberg, Samuil 294–295, 488, 589

variability 4–8, 16, 85, 106, 121, 123, 126–134, 144, 157, 173–175, 177–178, 228, 234, 239–241, 288, 298, 309–310, 322, 324, 326–327, 349, 351, 364, 368, 434, 478, 533

Vavilov, Nikolai 269, 334, 337–338, 343, 345, 352, 355, 607

Vel’tishchev, Iurii 365

Virchow, Rudolf 54, 59–60, 62–63, 84, 95, 120, 134, 196, 438, 535, 548

Vishnevskii, Boris 296–297, 299, 307, 413

Vishniakov, Alexander 34–36, 49, 506

VOGiS (All-Union Society of Geneticists and Breeders) 355, 357

Vogt, Carl 92, 95, 98, 101–102, 105, 114–116, 129, 523–524, 526, 533–534

Voice 87, 188, 193, 224–225

Vol’f, Mavrikii 91, 93, 107, 522, 530

Volotskoi, Mikhail xviii, xix, 10–11, 17–18, 239, 255–257, 259–260, 262–266, 271–300, 302–304, 307, 309, 311–319, 321, 326, 328, 331–333, 338, 347, 355, 357, 368, 370–372, 379, 387, 389, 396, 398–401, 416, 418–419, 427, 464, 470–472, 475, 484, 488, 500, 576–577, 579–580, 583–584, 587–588, 592, 596–597, 616, 644
Class Interests and Modern Eugenics 278, 304, 593
Elevating the Vital Forces of the Race 272–273, 300, 471, 593

Vorob’eva, Anna 279–280

Wallace, Alfred Russel 8, 201, 415
Contributions to the Theory of Natural Selection 201, 415, 550, 603

War Ministry 46, 53, 87, 204, 209, 211–212, 465, 467
Military Medical Department 204, 206–207

Weismann, August 249, 251, 298, 346, 594, 603

Wells, H. G. 4–5, 242, 436, 440–441

Westernizers 68, 75, 513

Whewell, William 477

Wolstenholme, Gordon E. W. 447–449

World War I 17, 20, 255, 257–258, 269, 331, 425, 431, 433, 440

World War II 20, 345, 442–444, 446, 583

Wundt, Wilhelm 95, 194

Wylie, James 43, 204, 552–553

Yeltsin, Boris 374–375, 384

Zaitsev, Varfolomei 7, 15, 79, 83, 85, 92–95, 102, 105, 110–118, 124, 131, 145, 160–161, 174, 185, 193–194, 520, 522–523, 526, 531, 546

Zavadovskii, Mikhail 262, 441, 634

Zinin, Nikolai 46, 51–52, 204, 508, 553

Acheter

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