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ANZUS and the Early Cold War

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Andrew Kelly

Index

Texte intégral

Acheson, Dean 52, 96, 104

Anglo-American relations. See United States; Britain

ANZAM 43, 106, 109

ANZUS 1–4, 6, 8, 10, 55, 60, 82, 85–86, 89–90, 93–97, 102, 104, 113, 120, 134, 137, 146, 151, 174, 178–179
British membership
100 machinery 94, 114
origins 13

Atomic weapons 45–46, 113–114, 142

Attlee, Clement 18, 44

Australia 1, 5–6, 8, 13, 18, 20, 26, 35, 52, 59, 72, 114, 123, 126, 133, 149–150, 162, 181
Australian views on Pacific Pact 60, 83
defence policy 13, 17–20, 35, 44, 87, 113, 123–124, 154, 179
domestic politics 123
domestic views on China 144, 152
Indochina 124
Japanese occupation 29–32, 34–35, 78, 83
Korean War 65, 71
Quemoy-Matsu Crisis 137–138, 146, 148–149
recognition of China 54, 67, 143, 154–155
relations with Britain 3, 5–6, 16–17, 19–20, 32, 45, 59–60, 101, 103, 162, 173–174
relations with New Zealand. See trans-Tasman relations
relations with the United States 3, 5, 13, 24–25, 36, 45, 47–48, 52, 57, 59–61, 64, 66, 72, 97–98, 114–115, 123, 126, 141, 149–51, 161–162

Australian-New Zealand relations. See trans-Tasman relations

Ball, William Macmahon 31–32

Beasley, John 37

Berendsen, Carl 21, 24, 26, 31, 33, 46, 58, 60–61, 66

Britain 2, 5, 18, 170
British views on ANZUS 83–86, 93, 100
defence policy 19
Indochina 128
Invasion of Egypt 170
post-war situation 18, 43
Quemoy-Matsu Crisis 138, 147–148, 151
relations with Australia and New Zealand 3, 44, 100, 104–106, 174
relations with the United States 128, 142, 151, 158, 169
SEATO 132

Byrnes, James 16, 23, 29

Cairo Conference 22

Canberra Pact 22

Casey, Richard 8, 94–95, 97, 101–104, 107, 110, 114–115, 123–125, 127, 132, 137–138, 140, 143–144, 146, 151–152, 154–155, 162, 165, 169, 171, 175, 180, 193 125

Chifley, Ben 17–18, 44–45, 51

China, People’s Republic of 9, 51, 53–55, 67–68, 97, 110–111, 135, 138–139, 141–144, 146–149, 153–155

China, Republic of 53, 138, 144, 150, 152

Churchill, Winston 100, 105, 121, 128, 160

Cold War 63
containment 4, 15, 34, 71. See also Communism
East-West conflict 53, 158, 172
nuclear deterrence 113–114

Colombo Conference 55

Colombo Plan 58

Communism 4, 8, 34, 53, 55–56, 71, 82, 119. See also Cold War

Corner, Frank 7, 17, 96, 106, 113, 117–118, 176, 180

Curtin, John 13

Dien Bien Phu 117–118, 124, 130

Doidge, Frederick 51, 55, 58, 62, 74–76, 79, 81–84, 90

Domino Theory 120. See also Communism; Cold War

Dulles, John Foster 8, 62–63, 72, 74, 76–77, 79–89, 105, 108–109, 112, 114, 119–123, 125, 128, 131–133, 135–136, 138–142, 145, 147–154, 158, 166–172, 177, 181

Eden, Anthony 18, 121, 138, 142, 157, 160, 167, 176–177, 181

Eggleston, Frederic 41

Egypt. See Suez Canal

Eisenhower, Dwight vii, 7–8, 15, 94, 107, 109–110, 112–115, 117, 119–120, 122, 124, 128, 130–131, 135, 141–142, 144, 148, 154, 157–161, 168–172, 181
1952 election 109

Enlai, Zhou 147, 153

Europe 3, 87, 160
post-war reconstruction 18

Evatt, Herbert 8, 18, 22–23, 27, 31, 35–38, 40, 43, 46, 48, 51, 54, 180

Far Eastern Commission 30. See also Japan

Five-Power Staff Agency 105

France 117, 126, 128, 164
Indochina 128

Fraser, Peter 14, 25–26, 36, 52

Geneva Conference, 1954 130

Holland, Sidney 55, 78, 106, 139, 148, 163, 172

Indochina 1, 52, 67, 106, 108, 115, 117–118, 120–130, 132, 134, 181
United Action 122, 124–128, 130

Israel 169

Japan 29, 34, 62, 72, 83
Commonwealth Conference 39
occupation 29, 32
Peace treaty 3, 40, 62–63, 72, 76, 78–80, 83, 88–89, 93, 179, 197
World War II 13

Kai-shek, Chiang 53, 141, 149, 152

Kennan, George 29, 34

Korean War 3, 51, 63, 65, 71, 76, 110

Laking, George 96

MacArthur, Douglas 33, 42

Macdonald, Thomas 139–140, 146, 163–165

MacKintosh, Elizabeth. See Tey, Josephine

Makin, Norman 37

Malaya 1, 43–45, 52, 85, 100, 106, 108, 118, 128, 132, 148, 151, 163

Malaysia. See Malaya

Manus Island 22, 25, 43

Marshall, George 36, 40, 88

McCarthy, Joseph 119

McIntosh, Alister 2, 8, 17, 25, 27, 31, 33–34, 37, 46, 54–55, 58, 62, 66–68, 83, 85–86, 96, 99, 103–104, 106–107, 111, 115, 118, 126, 168, 175, 180

Menzies, Robert 6, 56, 60, 64, 101, 148, 151–152, 161, 165–167, 173–174

Middle East 18, 87, 99, 112–113, 160

Munro, Leslie 111, 120, 126, 140, 147

Nasser, Gamal Abdel 112, 157–159, 164, 167, 170

NATO. See North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

New Zealand 2, 6, 8, 14, 18, 27, 52, 74, 78, 84, 163, 181
defence policy 13, 20–21, 61, 81, 84, 113, 179
Indochina 126–127
Japanese occupation 29–30, 33–34, 40, 78, 83
Korean War 66
New Zealand views on ANZUS 93, 96
New Zealand views on Pacific Pact 60, 81, 84
Quemoy-Matsu Crisis 139, 146, 148
recognition of China 55, 111
relations with Australia. See trans-
Tasman relations
relations with Britain 6–7, 17, 46, 87, 103, 126, 163–164, 168, 172–173, 175
relations with the United States 6–7, 14, 21, 52, 58, 61, 96, 111, 115, 126, 147
SEATO 133

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation 3, 79, 81, 97, 133

Nuclear weapons. See also Atomic weapons

Operation Oracle. See Quemoy-Matsu Crisis

Pacific Pact 2, 23–24, 52, 60–62, 64–65, 71–78, 81, 84, 86, 97. See also ANZUS

Pearl Harbor 14

Petrov Affair 123

PRC. See China, People’s Republic of

Quemoy-Matsu Crisis
Defence Treaty 141
Operation Oracle 140, 142, 146, 153

Radford, Arthur 98, 113, 118, 121, 131, 136

SEATO. See Southeast Asia Treaty Organisation

Southeast Asia Treaty Organisation 130, 133–134

South Pacific 22

Soviet Union 16, 34, 51, 63, 135

Spender, Percy 1, 8, 51, 56–60, 64–65, 67–68, 71–76, 78, 80–84, 87, 89–90, 94, 97–98, 101–102, 107, 114, 117, 120, 122–123, 140–141, 149–150, 153, 161, 180

Suez Canal 6, 87, 160
1956 Crisis 157
Aswan Dam Project 158
Suez Committee 166

Taiwan. See China, Republic

Taiwan Straits Crisis. See Quemoy-Matsu Crisis

Tange, Arthur 65

trans-Tasman relations 4, 22, 26–27, 34, 45, 54, 58, 66–68, 80, 112, 118, 140, 181

Truman, Harry 4, 7, 23–24, 30, 62, 67, 72–73, 79, 94, 107, 109, 113, 117, 192

United Kingdom. See Britain

United Nations 26, 64, 68, 138–139, 172, 176

United States 2, 7–8, 62, 130, 181 4
American views on ANZUS 88, 93, 96, 98
American views on Pacific Pact 76
defence policy 15–16, 22–23, 25, 52, 113–114, 131, 136, 141, 179
domestic politics 119–120, 168
domestic views on China 145
Indochina 128, 130
Japanese occupation 29, 33–34, 41–42, 63, 74
Korean War 71
Quemoy-Matsu Crisis 136, 145, 150
recognition of China 54, 110
relations with Australia and New Zealand 4, 13, 16, 21, 24–25, 36, 42, 47, 63, 76, 79–80, 96, 98, 114, 120–122, 132, 139, 141, 150, 161
relations with Britain 128, 142, 148, 158, 168–171

Vietnam. See Indochina

Webb, Thomas Clifton 103–104, 107, 111–112, 126, 164, 175

White Australia 125

World War II 13

Zedong, Mao 53, 144

Acheter