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Long Narrative Songs from the Mongghul of Northeast Tibet

 | 
Gerald Roche
, 
Li Dechun

2. The Ballad of Marshal Qi

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1When I was a child, some guests visited my home. My parents feted them with warm liquor and delicious food as they sat on a heated platform in the main room of our house. After drinking for a while, they began singing the Mongghul folksong, The Ballad of Marshal Qi, using the local Han Chinese dialect. In total, I guess I heard this song sung around three times during my childhood. At that time I only understood a little of the local Han language, so I did not understand what they were singing about. Those guests came from south of my hometown (Danma Town), from Donggou, Taizi and Donghe Townships and Weiyuan Town, where Mongghul people often sing The Ballad of Marshal Qi and Tangdarihgiima, another very popular Mongghul folksong.

2Danma Town is located at the center of the traditional Mongghul homeland, the Duluun Lunkuang or Seven Valleys. Behind my village is a mountain that historically marked the division between the Haliqi area, where my village is, and the Fulaan Nara region to the east. Within Haliqi, The Ballad of Marshal Qi is mostly sung in Weiyuan Town, and Taizi and Donghe townships, where there are many people with the Qi surname who are believed to be the descendants of the Qi tusi (chieftain).

3The song describes Qi tusi, Qi Bingzhong who, at eighty years of age, was sent to suppress a rebellion. The song is sung in the local Han dialect during gatherings when liquor is consumed.

4The tusi system was abolished in 1939 in Huzhu County. In 2014 Mongghul people under the age of forty had almost no idea about tusi. Even those who still sing The Ballad of Marshal Qi do not know that it is related to the Qi tusi. Thus the system that was practiced for several hundred years among Mongghul people has come to an end in their minds. In fact, the system once played a negative role in Mongghul society (Limusishiden and Stuart 2006: 66):

The tusi generally did not speak Monguor — instead they spoke only Chinese. In fact, Kevin Stuart was told that the reason many Minhe Mangghuer wedding songs are sung in Chinese is that the tusi did not understand Mangghuer. When tusi did attend weddings, they were the honored guests and songs were sung in Chinese so that they would understand. The tusi, as described by Schram, ensured that their children learned Chinese, they did not wear Monguor clothes, they married Chinese, and their daughters mostly married Chinese.

5So this folksong is another piece of evidence regarding the influence of the Chinese language among the Mongghul. Nonetheless, The Ballad of Marshal Qi is still very much a Mongghul folksong and is a living treasure that reflects their history.

  • 1 Many thanks to Qi Wenru, who kindly gave permission for his article to be translated here.

6In order to provide some background on the Qi tusi, I have translated an article by Qi (2012):1

Exploring The Ballad of Marshal Qi and Its Place of Origin

  • 2 Tangba Big Household, Changshou Big Household, Yatou Household, Yongan Household, Xiaosi Household (...)
  • 3 See above.
  • 4 This is an alternative name for the Upper Thirteen Villages.

7I was born in a small mountain village in one of the Upper Thirteen Villages2 that were historically governed by the East Qi tusi in Mongghul areas. When I was very young, I began listening to the heroic folk songs The Ballad of Marshal Qi and The Ballad of Taipinggoor3 from people in my parents’generation. In 2012, when I went to work in Baiya Village, Weiyuan Town, I surprisingly found the birthplace of the long heroic folksong, The Ballad of Marshal Qi. I looked over the ancient citadel that was built and inhabited by Marshal Qi and his descendants, which is still relatively well preserved. I located their military camp, trenches, stables, wooden boxes, cornerstones, seals, sacred spring, and many other relics. I was so happy to see them and regarded them as treasures. Later, when I finished my official work in the countryside, I again went to Baiya, Yatou, Tangba, Xiaozhuang, Dasi, and Qiaka villages, among others. In the Tangba Thirteen Villages4 formerly governed by the East Qi tusi, I visited some elderly people, searched for relics, and consulted historical materials. Finally, I conclude that Baiya Village is the source of the The Ballad of Marshal Qi, which has been sung in various versions throughout the Huzhu area. The elderly singers I visited all agreed that songs should be sung in different versions, as nobody would listen to it if everybody sang it the same way. Therefore each Mongghul singer improvised and added elements when singing The Ballad of Marshal Qi.

Visiting the Baiya Old Citadel

  • 5 Mongghul: Hudu Kuji.
  • 6 That is, the Baiya area.

Baiya was a wilderness area.
Marshal Qi came here and did a geomantic survey.
In front of the wilderness was Kuixin Mountain.
The mountain behind the wilderness was a holy mountain.5 They camped along the riverside.
My 7,600 subjects, please listen.
This golden basin6 is an abundant farmland;
We will build a citadel in Baiya in the shape of a red square.

8These are the opening sentences of the Baiya version of The Ballad of Marshal Qi. The citadel, located southeast of today’s Baiya Village, consists of an inner citadel and an outer citadel. The west gate of the inner citadel has been replaced by a road stretching from east to west. On the whole, its outer wall is still well preserved, but it has become lower and thinner than before. Local people are said to have used some of the soil from the wall in their fields. A drainpipe made from red stone can still be seen protruding from the citadel and stretching into the south lane. Eight households reside within the northern and southern sections of the inner citadel: Chang, Gong, Wen, Liu, and Li. About forty meters from the inner citadel’s south and west sides, the base of the walls of the outer citadel can be seen. The walls in this part were low inside and high outside.

9The inner citadel was registered in the Record of Cultural Relics in Huzhu and Ping’an County:

The Baiya Citadel is oblong; the length from south to north is eighty meters and from east to west is eighty-two meters. The walls are eleven meters high, and four meters wide at the base. The thickness of the levee to make the wall is 0.16 meter. The gate was built in the western wall and had a width of 4.2 meters. It was constructed in Qing Dynasty and the city wall is preserved well.

10Chang Zenghua (b. 1932), an elderly resident from inside the inner citadel, said:

  • 7 Qi Huan’s younger brother, a disabled man.

I still remember clearly that a front gate was built in the west side of the inner citadel and the north side of the outer citadel. The area between the two citadels was Master Qi’s garden and vegetable plot. When the tusi system was abolished in August 1939, grain was confiscated from the Qi chieftain and made the property of the county’s residents, and then Master Qi’s family began to decline. In 1946, Master Qi, Qi Huan, divided his inner citadel into six parts. We three households bought three parts, located in the south of the citadel, each paying 300 taels of silver. Master Qi and Disabled Master Qi Yinsi7 lived in their eastern courtyard, located in the northern side of the citadel. The middle yard was left to their third brother, Qi Bing, who lived in the Shaba area of Nianbo, Ledu Region. When Master Qi died in 1954, the Disabled Master was taken to Ledu by Third Master Qi Bing. The government confiscated all of Master Qi’s houses and fields, and distributed them to some people who had no houses or fields. The current eight households that live inside the inner citadel moved in after the Land Reform Movement in 1951.

11Li Honglin (b. 1941), who lives in Baiya Village, said:

  • 8 In Mongghul, this refers to official graveyards and the official families in Yatou Village called (...)

Before the Land Reform Movement in 1951, there were three graveyards for Qi tusi in front of the households surnamed Bai in the fourth natural village, Yatou Administrative Village. We call it ‘Nayanhe.’8 There were six large trees in front of the graveyards. One of them was used to make Master Qi’s coffin. His funeral was held by the Qi family. In the past, all the sons in the family of the Qi tusi in Baiya Village were buried at the Qi family’s graveyards in Ashiji area, governed by Tangba Village. According to village elders, there were eighty ridges of hills behind the graveyards, and the location of the graveyards was supposed to have an influence on the fortune of Master Qi’s family.

12Two residents of Yatou Village, Qi Mingsi, a retired teacher from Huzhu Number One Middle School, and his cousin, Qi Huisi, are two descendants of the East Qi tusi family. They said:

Master Qi was living in Baiya Village and already in his sixties around the time the People's Republic of China was founded. Disabled Master’s right arm and left leg were deformed. They were poor, so we supported them, but they also had to go begging to support themselves. When Qi Master died, Disabled Master was taken to live in Nianbo by Third Master, and after that, we never heard from them again.

13When I asked them where Marshal Qi was buried, they replied:

Our ancestors told us that Marshal Qi was buried in Xining when he died. Master Qi was from the old Baiya citadel. All tusi after Marshal Qi were buried in Qijia graveyards in Ashiji, including Qi Guiyu, the last tusi. When he died, his corpse was put in a cart and drawn by a horse to the Qijia graveyard from the valley opening of Hongyazigou Township by people from our Upper Thirteen Villages. In order to prevent the graveyard being trampled by livestock, a wooden fence was built to enclose the graveyard and a gate was put in the fence.

14Today, Xie Lianji (b. 1932), a Tibetan from Qiaka Village (which was historically part of Ashiji) in Taizi Township, told me:

  • 9 The Nianbo Qi tusi is also the East Qi tusi.

Before I went to Yushu to suppress bandits in 1958, there were twenty or thirty tombs of the Nianbo Qi tusi9 at the Xiaoquzhang and Kegan places inside the Qijia graveyards which are located in our village’s shady side. Before liberation, on Mourning Day on the fourth or fifth day of April each year, many descendants and relatives of the tusi came to the family graveyard with their horse carts from Ledu County. The biggest graveyard occupied about 0.4 acres, and had a stele as tall as two people. Later, during China’s big steel-making drive in 1958, the stele was smashed and used to build a steel furnace, the tombs were leveled, and the graveyards became cultivated land. Now all the tusi’s graveyards have become either farming fields or local villagers’graveyards.

  • 10 Bazong is a military rank, below that of commanding officer.

15From historical data and the East Qi tusi’s Qi Family Genealogy we learn that at least thirteen East Qi tusi lived in Baiya, Yatou and Ashiji villages in Weiyuan Town within the boundary of Huzhu County. Historically, many talented people were produced in each generation among the Chang bazong10 and Tong bazong’s descendants under the Qi tusi: for example, Chang Yuzhang was a descendant of Chang bazong in Baiya Village who had graduated from the seventeenth grade of the Huangpu (Whampoa) Military Academy and later became the director of the political department of the military academy. After liberation in 1949, Tong bazong’s descendants included senior colonels and officers.

  • 11 That is, Tong bazong.

16Having explained the matter of the graveyard in the old citadel in Baiya Village, how can we explain the names of places that surround the citadel: Jiaomu 角木 Trench, Camp Field, Under the Ditch, and Qianjiu that surround the old citadel? I was told by old men from Baiya Village that when Marshal Qi finished building the inner and outer citadels in one and a half years, he ordered Eighth Master Tong11 to channel water from a miraculous spring, by digging a ditch from Dacaizigou Plain to the inner citadel, in order to water the garden. The water was also used to create a moat. Today, the Jiaomu Trench is located to the east of the old citadel, with a depth of between forty and fifty meters and a length of from five to six kilometers. Northwest of Baiya Village, a kilometer away from the old citadel, there is still a ditch ten to twenty meters wide and one kilometer long, which villagers call Under the Ditch. Today, traces of human construction can still be seen in the soil on both sides of the ditch. Marshal Qi’s descendants drank from a so-called Hidden Spring located in the Jiaomu Trench.

  • 12 Nianbo Town, Ledu Region.

17West of the ditch, there are several hundred mu (equivalent to 0.165 acres) of fields and villagers’households. Local villagers Li Honglin and Li Yande said that historically that area was Marshal Qi’s camp and drill ground. South of the ditch there is a ridge stretching from east to west. This was the place where Marshal Qi’s cavalry tied their horses up. Stories of the shining spears and armored horses have been buried in the dust of history, but in tracing back the source of the place name Qianjiu, which means 1,900, and is located northeast of the village, Qi Youren, who currently lives in Shaba Village,12 said that the name dates from when Qi Guobing had gone out to battle in the Hexi area. At that time, alien bandits arrived and killed 1,900 unarmed common people of the Thirteen Villages. The Baiya Citadel was seriously damaged, and some families of the East Qi tusi had to move to live in neighboring Yatou Village, where their descendants still live today. Later, with the Emperor’s kind approval, Qi Bozhi constructed a Qi tusi yamen in Nianbo. The old citadel in today’s Baiya Village was built by Qi Baozhi’s younger brother, Qi Zhongzhi, when he took office in Weiyuan Camp Garrison. Before he built the citadel there was a yamen for tusi at the location where the citadel was later built.

Singing The Ballad of Marshal Qi

18This heroic epic was created and sung by folk artisans, the beloved generals and common people of the Qi tusi, within a certain social environment and under certain historical conditions. The Ballad of Marshal Qi (Qijia Yanxi) was sung widely in Huzhu and the surrounding area. Yanxi is probably a sound change from yuanshuai, marshal, in the same way that Jieguanting ‘Take Over Guanting’ is mistakenly pronounced as Jingguantian, literally well-observe-sky. Tu nationality people regarded any military officer who went out to battle as a marshal. The others under Marshal Qi — Chang bazong, Tong bazong, bazong and Li bazong — were generals at his command.

19In order to safeguard national unity and territorial integrity, Qi Bingzhong (childless), his nephew Qi Guobing, and his greatnephews Qi Bozhi and Qi Zhongzhi went to battle despite Qi Bingzhong's advanced age. The opening sentence of the song is:

Rebels arise in Luoyang Citadel (actually it is Liaoyang Citadel or Lǚyangyi ‘Lǚyang Station’), bully and oppress the common people.

20Commanding Officer Chai received the order and went out to battle, but returned home to receive treatment for an illness. He dared not report to the government of the Ming Dynasty, so he made several false decrees and military proclamations in succession to the Gansu commanding officer, Qi Bingzhong (that is, Marshal Qi), forcing him to go out to battle. On the way to the battle, he unluckily encountered over forty days of autumn rain. The grain became mildewed. Lü bazong, who was in charge of the grain, went back to take more grain, but Commanding Officer Chai’s soldiers stole his grain on the way. At last, Marshal Qi’s horse was startled, and its hoof dug potatoes from the ground. This helped his soldiers deal with their hunger. Next, they artfully crossed over the Black River, across the Shaliu Bridge, outwitted the rebels at Luoyang Citadel, and saved the suffering common people.

21On the way back, Qiija Yanxi was again betrayed by Commanding Officer Chai and was shot with an arrow by one of Commanding Officer Chai’s soldiers. He adopted an infant son on his way home. When he arrived home, he introduced the baby boy to his family, explained his funeral arrangements and other things to his family, and then pulled the arrow out of his body and died.

22From the details of the story, we know that they were very troubled times at the end of the Ming Dynasty and the beginning of the Qing Dynasty. Such times make heroes, and so at just this time, such famous generals as Chai Guozhu and Qi Bingzhong emerged in the Hehuang area.

  • 13 Today’s Jingyang Town, Datong Hui and Mongghul Autonomous County.
  • 14 In today’s Qinhuangdao City, Hebei Province.
  • 15 The battle of Saeryou occurred in today’s Fushun City, Liaoning Province, between the soldiers of (...)
  • 16 Liaodong refers to the southern and eastern areas of today’s Liaoning Province and the southeaster (...)

23Chai Guozhu was born in December in the second year of Longqing Ming Emperor Muzong (1568) in Qingshuibu in Xining prefecture.13 He was a famous general in the Ming Dynasty. In the summer of the forty-sixth year of the Wanli reign (1618), Chai Guozhu, the commanding officer of Gansu, was ordered to garrison in Shanhaiguan14 by the Ming government, where he personally fought against the Later Jin invasion with his soldiers. When the Ming soldiers were utterly defeated in the battle of Saeryou,15 Chai Guozhu was ordered to garrison in Shenyang 沈阳 by the central Ming government. Later, he had several fierce battles with soldiers of the Later Jin of Nurhaci and Huang Taiji. There were many dead and injured on both sides. In July of the forty-eighth year of the Wanli reign (1620) he fell ill and was allowed to return home for treatment. Not long after Chai Guozhu left, the Later Jin invaded Shenyang and Liaoyang, overwhelming the Ming soldiers. During this period, the central Ming government gave Chai Guozhu the power of youjun, ‘Military of the Right’, and zhongjun, ‘Military of the Center’, and ordered him to go to the battlefront at Liaodong16 as soon as possible. He left home immediately, but when he arrived at Gaolan in Gansu, his disease deteriorated and he had to return to Xining. Finally, he died in May of the fifth year of the Tianqi reign (1625), at the age of fifty-six.

  • 17 Northeast of today’s Shenyang.

24Qi Bingzhong was born in April of the first year of the Wanli reign (1573). He was the East Qi tusi and marshal. In the spring of the first year of the Tianqi reign (1621), led by Chai Guozhu and following the recommendation of the central Ming government’s civil and military ministers, the Emperor made an imperial order to Commander Qi in Gansu, who was made assistant commissioner-in-chief, and asked him to lead his own soldiers, as well as some soldiers stationed in Gansu, to Liaodong to defend Puhe.17

  • 18 Northeast of today’s Jingxian, Liaoning Province.
  • 19 A commanding officer in the Ming Dynasty.

25Liaoyang and Puhe had already been occupied by soldiers of the Later Jin before Qi Bingzhong arrived. Mingxizong made Qi Bingzhong Official Commanding Officer and ordered him to garrison in Lüyangyi18 with ten thousand soldiers. The following year, on the twenty-second day of the first lunar month, Qi Bingzhong went to help Xiping. The Ming soldiers encountered the Later Jin soldiers at Pingyang Bridge (southeast of today’s Heihe, Liaoning Province). Initially, Sun Degong and Zu Dashou were ordered to be the vanguard army of Ming soldiers. However, the two ran away as they met Later Jin soldiers face to face. This forced Qi Bingzhong and Liu Qu’s19 soldiers to fight with the Later Jin’s soldiers. Qi Bingzhong himself fought in spite of his illness, and his generals, Tong bazong and Lü bazong, fought bravely against the Later Jin soldiers. Both sides fought for about half a day, but no clear outcome was reached.

26At this crucial juncture, the cunning Sun Degong and other vanguard soldiers turned back and fled. Seeing soldiers turning back and fleeing, all the other soldiers thought they were being defeated and ran for their lives. Qi Bingzhong shouted at them to stop, but was unsuccessful, and the Ming army was defeated. Liu Qu was killed. Qi Bingzhong’s left arm was cut off and he was shot with three arrows, but he still managed to fight while retreating, until he finally fell from his horse due to loss of blood. He was supported by his brave hometown soldiers to fight and open a way forward to Lüyang. However after walking for only a short while Qi Bingzhong died, aged forty-nine.

27When Emperor Xizong learned this, he awarded Qi Bingzhong the titles of State Junior Guardian, Grand Master of Glorious Happiness, and Left Commissioner-in-Chief, and also paid the funeral expenses and built a stele for him. Qi Bingzhong’s corpse was buried by his family at their graveyard south of Xining. Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty posthumously awarded him the title of martyr.

28Qi Bingzhong had no son, so his nephew, Qi Guoping, inherited his tusi position. In the eighth year of the Chongzhen reign (1635), due to his merits, he was awarded the title of xanjiang, ‘Chief of Staff’, in Zhuanglang (today’s Zhuanglang County, Gansu Province). In the sixteenth year of the Chongzhen reign (1643) a rebellion arose in Xining, so he returned from Zhuanglang to suppress the rebellion. He led his people to submit to the new Qing Dynasty in the second year of the Shunzhi reign (1645). In the fifth year of the Shunzhi reign (1648), Ganzhou, Liangzhou and Suzhou fell into rebels’hands, and so he went and recaptured Ganzhou and Suzhou. In the ninth year of the Shunzhi reign (1652) he was awarded the title of Deputy Commander of the Xining Military Region and presented with an official seal. He retired at an advanced age.

29Qi Bozhi inherited the tusi position. In the fourteenth year of the Kangxi reign (1675) Wu Sangui rebelled, assisted by Wang Fucheng, the chief of public security in Pingliang. The rebels stormed Gongchang, Lingtao, and Lanzhou. Qi Bozhi guided all tusi around Xining and accompanied the Xining Commanding Officer, Wang Jinbao, to go east and suppress the rebellion. When he and others arrived at Zhangjiahewan20 they crossed over the Yellow River at night on skin rafts, and then defeated the rebels at Xincheng and Longwei Mountains. They then went to Lanzhou, guarded the city and managed its affairs. Due to his achievements, Qi Bozhi was promoted to the position of Regimental Commander. He was considered a hero, and was well known for his skills at riding horses and shooting arrows. In the twenty-eighth year of the Kangxi reign (1689) the Emperor invited him for an audience. The Emperor personally examined Qi Bozhi’s wounds, and promoted him to the position of Lieutenant in Gansu. Later, he was promoted to the position of Deputy Commanding Officer in Jingyongchang and later to Commanding Officer in Jingxiangyang. He soon retired from his position and went back to Nianbo, where he built his tusi yamen. He had no descendant to inherit his position. He helped people in need. He died in his home.

  • 21 In today’s Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region.
  • 22 We cannot establish where this is today.

30Qi Zhongzhi was Qi Bozhi’s younger brother. In the eighth year of the Kangxi reign (1669) he took part in a martial exam and in the ninth year he passed the highest imperial exam. In the fourteenth year (1675), he followed Commanding Officer Wang Jinbao to recapture Lingtao, Gongchang, and Qinzhou and was then promoted to Regimental Commander in Weiyuan Camp in Xining. Later, he was ordered to defend Qinzhou. He recaptured Xihe and Lixian, and was then promoted to the position of Xining Deputy Commander. Later, his successor was promoted to the position of Deputy Commander in Zhangjiakou. In the thirty-fourth year (1695), he went on an expedition in Geerdan and reached Kundulu, where he fought despite poor health. In the thirty-fifth year (1696), he went to fight against Galdan with the Emperor. In the thirty-sixth year (1697), he went to the frontier with the Emperor, arrived at Eerduosi,21 and transported rice to the frontier at Shashatu.22 Based on his achievements, he was promoted to the position of Lieutenant in Hebao Camp in Shanxi. Later, he was moved to Zhumaluo. Finally, he returned home to Baiya. In the fifty-second year (1713) he was still tusi and was much loved by locals. He died in his fifty-seventh year (1718).

  • 23 In 1595, the Ming government soldiers repelled three Mongol invasions: in Nanchuan (South Plain), (...)

31From the above, we know that both Chai Guozhu and Qi Bingzhong, the two well known generals, lived in turbulent times in the Hehuang area. Chai Guozhu was five years older than Qi Bingzhong. The two generals participated in the Huangzhong battles23 to defeat Mongol invaders. The two were both promoted to Regimental Commanders, Assistant Commanders, and Hongshui Camp Deputy Commanders in Gansu (later changed to Zhenhai Deputy Commanders in Xining). Later, both Chai Guozhu and Qi Bingzhong became officers in the Hexi Corridor, though Chai Guozhu’s position was higher than Qi Bingzhong. In 1604, Chai Guozhu was promoted to the position of Assistant Commander, Commanding Officer in Shaanxi, and in the spring of the following year he was moved to become Commanding Officer in Gansu, where he joined the battle of Yongchang. From 1609 to 1617 he stayed at home and looked after his mother. In 1618 he became Gansu Commanding Officer, but he no longer went to fight at the frontier.

32Qi Bingzhong was promoted to the position of Yongchang Deputy Chief of General Staff in Gansu in 1616. In August 1618 he was promoted to the position of Vice-Commanding Officer in Liangzhou. Later, Qi Bingzhong Qi Bingzhong took over the Gansu commanding officer position. His promotion was perhaps recommended by Chai Guozhu. Therefore, there may not have been any resentment between the two well-known Ming Dynasty generals, Chai and Qi. While Chai Guozhu was receiving treatment for an illness, there were no qualified people to take his position. However, he could not reject the central government’s requests, and therefore he may have recommended that Qi Bingzhong go instead. After Qi Bingzhong died in battle, his family and descendants hated Commanding Officer Chai for ‘forcing’ Qi Bingzhong to go to battle, and therefore when they sing The Ballad of Marshal Qi they defame Commanding Officer Chai in the song.

33Qi Bingzhong died in battle when he was forty-nine, but in The Ballad of Marshal Qi, it is sung that he was almost eighty when he went to battle. Probably his descendants and other people have purposefully exaggerated his heroic deeds. Qi Guobing and Qi Zhongzhi died of natural causes in their old age in their sixties or seventies. Qi Zhongzhi’s official position was Regimental Commander of Weiyuan Camp, and he was known to have treated common people kindly, so he was greatly respected by his people.

34In the Huzhu Tu People’s Investigative Records it states:

  • 24 Tangba Fort is located northeast of Xining, about one hundred li away in Ashiji graveyard. Father (...)

Jinhua Vice-commanding Officer, Qi Zhongzhi’s tomb is in Tangba Fort24 The Xining Prefecture New Record: Geography shows that The Ballad of Marshal Qi contains elements of the story of Qi Bingzhong, mixed with elements of the stories of their first ancestor, Duoerzhishi, as well as their descendants Qi Guobing, Qi Baozhi, and Qi Zhongzhi’s construction of cities, going to battle, and so on. Such brilliant stories were merged together in one song, and Marshal Qi became a hero. He was dedicated to the service of the country and loved his people very much. So those folk song singers sung his merits and praised his virtues.

35In the Xining Continued Annals: Archaeology it is recorded that:

The Nianbo hereditary tusi commander, Qi Guobing, was buried about 120 li northeast of Xining. His descendants Zhaoyan, Zhaofan, Shoushan, and Chenggao were all buried with him in the same graveyard… Qi Chenggao, in the sixth year of the Tongzhi reign (1867) was ordered to defend Weiyuan Fortress (that is, Baiya Camp), but died from disease. He had no successor.

36In the Qi Family History of the East Qi tusi it was recorded that Duanzhu, Duoerzhishi’s brother, was buried on the sunny side of East Mountain of Baiya in Weiyuan Fortress in 1399.

37In 1534, the thirteenth year of the Jiaqing reign, when the seventh-generation ancestor, Qi Lin died, his tomb was moved to the southern outskirts of Xining from Shatangchuan, where five generations of tusi are buried, finishing with Qi Bingzhong. Starting from Qi Bozhi, the East Qi tusi’s households were located both in Ledu and Huzhu. The graveyards were mostly located in Qiaka and Qijiafengwan in Huzhu. The two big graveyards were selected in the two areas that had created a distance between the tusi and his subjects, and the distance produced a sense of beauty. So this resulted in Marshal Qi’s story being sung more and more vividly.

38From the above, we can see that the Upper Thirteen Villages governed by Baiya Citadel are the home and origin of the The Ballad of Marshal Qi. Weiyuan Camp, located at the old location of Baiya ancient citadel, is where the first ancestor of East Qi tusi, Shizuduoer, constructed a yamen for his regime in Weiyuan. The existing Baiya citadel was built by Qi Zhongzhi and its location coincides with that mentioned in the records in the Huzhu County Cultural Relics and Records.

Qiija Yanxii
祁家延西
The Ballad of Marshal Qi

Listen to an audio recording of the song as it was traditionally sung at https://archive.org/​details/​QiijaYanxi
Listen to a modern version with instrumental accompaniment at http://www.archive.org/​details/​QijiaYanxiAMongghulNarrativePoemSungInQinghaiChineseDialect

39Qiijanu Yanxii ni Qiizunbiinna,
Xiinin ghajarnu darijinna,
Dalan da nayannu nasiwa,
Nasindu gharisan Qiizunbiinna.

40祁家延西祁总兵,
保境安民镇西宁,
七十龄来奔八十,
祁家延西高龄人。

41The marshal of the Qi family, Marshal Qi,
Who defended the country and ensured a peaceful life for the people of Xining City,
Was close to the age of eighty.
The marshal of the Qi family was an elderly man.

42Lusdu debxjirge iren gua,
Looyang bazardu falana,
Haanjeennu szongsog ni bau ireja,
Szongsognu Caizunbiin zeeleja.

43东头不乱西头乱,
耳听洛阳贼寇反,
皇上的圣旨下来了,
圣旨下到柴总兵前。

44The country had not always been peaceful.
It was heard that there was a rebel uprising in Luoyang City.
The Emperor’s edict arrived,
The edict came to Commanding Officer Chai’s hands.

45Qiijanu Yanxii ni Qiizunbiinna,
Sausan ni mulaahaan nuyoongewa,
Szongsognu Caizunbiin zeeleja,
Muxiji nindaa gharilghana.

46祁家延西祁总兵,
官里做的小小官,
圣旨下到榜柴总前,
上前线要我祁老汉。

47The Marshal of the Qi family, Marshal Qi,
The Marshal of the Qi family was a minor official.
The edict was received by Commanding Officer Chai,
But, I, the elderly man Qi, was pushed to the battlefront.

48Turonggu jarilig bauwaa ireja,
Turonggu jarilignu zeeleji gui,
Ghuidarnu jarilig bau ireja,
Ghuidarnu jarilignu harilidiiwa.

49头道帖子下来了,
头道帖子打回了,
二道帖子又到了,
二道帖子打回了。

50The first note came,
But I did not receive the first note,
The second note came,
But I did not receive the second note.

51Ghuraandar jarilig bau ireja,
Xongnu gharlanaa zeelewa,
Aliwan ujesa qirwalge gua,
Ghuraan udaanu dawaalghan gua.

52三道帖子又到了,
三道帖子双手接,
猪怕杀来人怕打,
官怕三签不留情。

53The third note came,
And I received the third note with two hands.
Swine are scared of being slaughtered and people are scared of being beaten up,
But I had to accept the third note.

54Qanzun da Baazun ghoyurlawa,
Ta ghuila szaliunge sunusi joo,
Looyangnu bazardu loloodiija,
Budasge Looyangdu yaulduguxja.

55千总把总听分明,
贼寇反在洛阳城,
为救洛阳众百姓,
我们要走洛阳城。

56All commanding officers, please listen carefully:
A rebellion has arisen in Luoyang City,
To protect and save civilians there,
We must go to Luoyang City.

57Qiija Yanxii ni shdoolaadiija,
Nayannu qigi szaardu gharaadiija,
Fuzu da sghal qiiwaadiija,
Buye da ghar kol hadaadiija.

58祁家延西实老了,
老了老了实老了,
头发胡子发白了,
腰腿手脚不利了。

59The marshal of the Qi family was very old,
Too old,
His hair and beard had turned white,
He was not healthy.

60Ghar kolnaa rjanglasa loosowa,
Morire gharisa loosowa,
Uldinu hargulsa loosowa,
Numunu rjanglasa loosowa.

61挥不起拳头踢不起腿,
骑不上马来踩ò不住镫,
拿不起刀来抬不起枪,
拉不开弓来射不出箭。

62He had difficulty walking,
He had difficulty mounting a horse,
He had difficulty wielding a sword,
He had difficulty drawing a bow.

63Qanzun da Baazun ghuila sunusi joo,
Mununge nasida gharaadiija,
Looyangnu bazardu yauldusamba,
Te ghuilanu suuderdu yaulduguxja.

64千总把总听分明,
年事已高的祁总兵,
这回要走个洛阳城,
靠住你们把功劳争。

65All commanding officers, please listen carefully:
Though, I, Marshal Qi, am of advanced age,
This time, I have decided to go to Luoyang City,
My success may depend on you.

66Qanzun da Baazun ghuila sunusi joo,
Looyangnu kunsgedu uligundu,
Qirig da morinu huraaguxja,
Jiidaa da uldunu janqiguxja.

67千总把总听分明,
为救洛阳的众百姓,
我们要买马和招兵,
打造好刀矛和弓箭。

68All commanding officers, please listen carefully:
To protect and save civilians in Luoyang City
We will recruit men and buy horses,
And make swords, spears, bows, and arrows.

69Kun dire yaanhannu laghaaguna,
Kun dire baatirnu laghaaguna,
Morire yaahannu laghaaguna,
Morire jorotunu laghaaguna.

70人伙里挑了多挑上,
人伙里挑上十七八,
马伙里挑了多挑上,
马伙里挑四六口马。

71Choose many among the men,
Choose seventeen-and eighteen-year-old warriors among them,
Choose many among the horses,
Choose four-, five-, and six-year-old warhorses among them.

72Imelre yaanhannu laghaaguna,
Fulaan imelnu laghaaguna,
Tughumre yaanhannu laghaaguna,
Honghu tughumnu laghaaguna.

73鞍伙里挑了多挑上,
鞍伙里挑上大红鞍,
鞯伙里挑了多挑上,
鞍伙里挑上水红鞯。

74Choose many among the saddles,
Choose bright red saddles among them,
Choose many among the saddlecloths,
Choose bright saddlecloths among them.

75Yobjolre yaanhannu laghaaguna,
Yobjolre jasnu laghaaguna,
Olore yaanhannu laghaaguna,
Shdaasila gurisannu laghaaguna.

76镫伙里挑了多挑上,
镫伙里挑上梅花镫,
肚带里挑了多挑上,
肚带里挑上编肚带。

77Choose many among the stirrups,
Choose plum flower stirrups among them,
Choose many among the girths,
Choose knitted girths among them.

78Ghadarre yaanhannu laghaaguna,
Munqogdii ghadarnu laghaaguna,
Snerre yaanhannu laghaaguna,
Arasila gurisannu laghaaguna.

79辔头里挑了多挑上,
辔头里挑上穗辔头,
鞧伙里挑了多挑上,
鞧伙里挑上牛皮鞧。

80Choose many among the bridles,
Choose tasseled bridles among them,
Choose many among the hip belts,
Choose cow-hide leather straps among them.

81Uldire yaanhannu laghaaguna,
Szu qirghaa shdajinnu laghaaguna,
Jiidaare yaahannu laghaaguna,
Xuuge tigii jiidaanu laghaaguna.

82刀伙里挑了多挑上,
刀伙里挑上褶花刀,
矛伙里挑了多挑上,
矛伙里挑上马耳矛。

83Choose many among the swords,
Choose many precise blades among them,
Choose many among the spears,
Choose sharp spears among them.

84Numure yaanhannu laghaaguna,
Aasi werla furuusannu laghaaguna,
Smure yaanhannu laghaaguna,
Borghul foodidii smunu laghaaguna.

85弓伙里挑了多挑上,
弓伙里挑上牛角弓,
箭伙里挑了多挑上,
箭伙里挑上雕翎箭。

86Choose many among the bows,
Choose ox-horn bows among them,
Choose many among the arrows,
Choose eagle-feather-plumed arrows among them.

87Qanzun da Baazun ghuila xiilana,
Munu dargha qi nige sunusi joo,
Qinu sanaa shdaar laghaalduwa,
Kilesan hananu nzomlalghawa.

88千总把总叩头秉,
总兵大人您细听,
照您的想法挑全了,
照您的吩咐挑全了。

89Commanding officers reported while kneeling down:
Marshal Qi, please listen carefully,
We have chosen everything according to your orders,
Everything is ready now.

90Qirig da morinu kuijelghawa,
Ghuraan jong jirannu kuijelghawa,
Jiidaa da uldinu kuijelghawa,
Numu da smunu kuijelghawa.

91祁家兵马挑齐了,
三百六十名挑齐了,
大刀长矛挑齐了,
硬弓长箭挑齐了。

92Soldiers and horses were ready,
Three hundred and sixty soldiers were ready,
Swords and spears were ready,
Bows and arrows were ready.

93Qiijanu Yanxii ni jarilig bauya,
Qanzun da Baazun ghuila sunusi,
Qabsarnu soni ni nire daudaya,
Xini nigedu qirig ghariya.

94祁家宴席传将令,
千总把总听分明,
三十晚夕点大兵,
初一早上开拨行。

  • 25 That is, the first day of the next lunar month.

95Marshal Qi commanded:
All commanding officers, please listen carefully,
We will gather men for a roll call on the night of the thirtieth,
And march the army to battle on the next day.25

96Qiijani Yanxii ni jarilig bauya,
Idexi zungon sunusi joo,
Qirig da morinu idexiwa,
Muxileji idexinu yaulghaguxja.

97祁家宴席传将令,
催粮总管听分明,
兵马粮草托靠你,
兵马未动粮草行。

98Marshal Qi commanded:
Grain officers please listen carefully,
You are in charge of soldiers’and horses’food,
You should set off first.

99Qiijanu Yanxii ni jarilig bauya,
Qirigsge szaliunge sunusi joo,
Alinge jariligun lii sunusisa,
Jongge tegdaji gulegunii.

100祁家宴席传将令,
兵将哥哥听分明,
哪个不听我的令,
一百军棍法难容。

101Marshal Qi commanded:
All soldiers please listen carefully,
If anybody disobeys my orders,
They will be punished with 100 lashes.

102Qiijanu Yanxii ni jarilig bauya,
Qirigsge szaliunge sunusi joo,
Alinge biixindu mau galasa,
Alagunu puxiisa yamada gui.

103祁家宴席传将令,
兵将哥哥听分明,
哪个糟蹋好百姓,
定斩不饶绑出营。

104Marshal Qi commanded:
All soldiers please listen carefully,
If anybody hurts ordinary people,
They will be killed.

105Kudunaa xjaanunge kilegu ni,
Shgenqin mulaaqin sunusi joo,
Nuyoon sausan ni mulaawa,
Looyang bazardu xjigu kurija.

106布置停当回后房,
大妇小妻你细听,
官里做的小小官,
要走一回洛阳城。

107Then he returned to his home and said,
My dear wives, please listen carefully,
I’m a small official,
This time, I must go to Luoyang City.

108Tangula manenaa bii tasili,
Szang da lamarnaa bii tasili,
Shde uruinu tolghuinaa bii tasili,
Sgildunaa tidaji bii tasili.

109嘛呢佛语嘴里念,
早煨桑来晚点灯,
早晚长头要常磕,
祈祷我平安回家门。

110All of you should chant Buddhist scriptures often,
Keep burning incense and lighting butter lamps every day,
Make prostrations in the morning and night,
And pray for me to come back home safely.

111Mugesnu nimpusi nguroona,
Sgilnu ugonaa gulena,
Nigelaa nasindu gharaaxja,
Ghoyurlaa bulangeda ireji gua.

112大妇小妻泪水涌,
叫声官人你细听,
一来你的年纪老,
二来无嗣更难行。

113His wives’tears rolled down,
And they spoke from their hearts:
On the one hand, you are man of advanced age,
On the other hand, you have no children.

114Shgeqin mulaaqin sunusi joo,
Turonggu pujiunu harlaadiiwa,
Ghuidarnu pujignu harlaadiiwa,
Ghuraandar pujigda kuraadiija.

115叫声妻妾你细听,
头一回帖子打回了,
第二回帖子打回了,
第三回帖子又到了。

116My dear wives, please listen carefully,
I refused to receive the first note,
I refused to receive the second note,
But the third note has come quickly.

117Ghuraan udaa pujigda kii maduwa,
Looyangdu lii xjigu log ni gua,
Nigelaa biixindu uliguxja,
Ghoyurlaa mau kunnu buraalghaya.

118三道帖子快如风,
不走洛阳实不行,
一来为了众百姓,
二来我要除贼根。

119The three notes came one after another.
I cannot refuse to go to Luoyang City —
On the one hand, I must go for the sake of all ordinary people,
On the other hand, I must go in order to eliminate rebels.

120Mugesnu sgilnii shdughuna,
Xongnu nimpusi nguroona,
Nasindu gharaanu qirig gharisa,
Jirge da oosgunu tidaji xjina.

121妻妾心里如刀捅¶,
成双的眼泪豆儿滚,
七十龄来奔八十,
老了着出征实难心。

122His wives felt as if their hearts had been stabbed with knives,
Tears were rolling down,
He was almost eighty years old,
It was as painful as one’s heart and lungs being torn out.

123Morire gharisa qirwalge gua,
Uldinu hargulsa qirwalge gua,
Numunu tidasa qirwalge gua,
Baghaldula xjisa qirwalge gua.

124你骑不住马来踩ò不住镫,
你抡不起刀来举不起矛,
你拉不开弓来瞄不准箭,
你去了妻妾们难放心。

125You can hardly mount a horse,
You can hardly brandish a sword,
You can hardly shoot an arrow from a bow,
Your wives really do not want you to leave.

126Shgeqin mulaaqin sunusi joo,
Munu sgil hadaaji gua,
Nasindu gharji yama gigunii,
Munu yesi szu hadaaji gua.

127再叫妻妾你细听,
我延西不服年轻人,
七十龄来奔八十,
浑身的筋骨比铁硬。

128My dear wives, please listen carefully again,
My heart is still not old,
Although I’m almost eighty years old
My muscles and bones are still harder than iron.

129Morinu dire ni naaldaa saum joo,
Uldila buyenaa haawaa saum joo,
Smula smudaji nesilgham joo,
Saigunu qoloonu xjilghaadim joo.

130骑上马儿踩ò牢镫,
大刀长矛护我身,
牛角弓拉开似满月,
雕翎箭射贼嗓骨门。

131I will be safe on horseback,
My sword and spear will protect my body,
I will use the ox-horn bow powerfully,
Eagle-feathered arrows will puncture my enemies’throats.

132Mugensge ghuraan tolghui murguya,
Shge tingerda furongla joo,
Ulon purghaanda furongla joo,
Qar njeennaa hudunge simjongla joo.

133妻妾下跪拜三拜,
一拜苍天保佑我夫君,
二拜诸佛保佑我夫君,
三拜夫君你多保重。

134All wives kowtowed to their husband,
First, we kowtow to Heaven, to protect our husband,
Second, we kowtow to all deities, to protect our husband,
Third, we kowtow to our husband, to take good care of himself.

135Szang da lamarnu bii tasiliya,
Lamu sang qimu furonglam joo,
Baghar sang qimu furonglam joo,
Niidag sang qimu furonglam joo.

136早煨桑来晚点灯,
骡子天王保佑你,
五台护法保佑你,
山神土地保佑你。

  • 26 Lamusang is an important protector deity in the Duluun Lunkuang. Luozi Tianwang 骡子天王 (Heavenly Mul (...)
  • 27 Bagharisang (King Foorigisigari), a well-known deity worshipped by Mongghul. He was a rival of Kin (...)
  • 28 Niidosang (Guo’erduo, Gelete, Aodan, Aolute Danbajiacuo, Aolute, Aoluchi) was a general under Geng (...)

137We will burn incense and light butter lamps for you every day,
Lamusang26 will protect you,
Bagharisang27 will protect you,
Niidosang28 will protect you.

138Xini nigedu kuraadiija,
Qirig mori xarlaadiija,
Kengerge shgedu dongghudina,
Morilagu sghau kuraadiija.

139初一早晨已来临,
兵马排列齐整整,
催人战鼓响叮咚N,
祁家延西出府门。

140The first day of the lunar month arrived,
Soldiers and horses lined up neatly,
Drummers encouraged people to go to battle,
The marshal of the Qi family walked out of his mansion.

141Solghuinu ghardu ramdawa joo,
Warang ghardu mugenwa joo,
Halghunu taisada loosawa joo,
Hajiraagu taadada loosawa joo.

142左手牵着马缰绳,
右手领着妻子行,
走一步来停一停,
生离死别实难心。

143He held his reins in his left hand,
He held his wives’s hands in his right hand,
He paused often while walking,
They were reluctant to part from each other.

144Morinu ghuraandaa harliwa joo,
Kudunaa ghuraandaa nauwa joo,
Sgilnaa ixinge bii tida joo,
Budasge muxiji yaugunii joo.

145拨转马头返三次,
深情往家看三次,
妻妾不要太难心,
好男儿今天要成行。

146He turned his horse to his mansion thrice,
And looked at his mansion thrice affectionately.
You wives, please do not be sad,
I, a man, am starting off today.

147Mugensge ramdasa waraadiija,
Sgilnu ugodu buraagunu gua,
Uldinu hoyiisa suulaadiija,
Ramdanu shdolaanu tasilaadiija.

148妻妾抓住了马缰绳,
劝官人一定多保重,
腰间的宝刀出了鞘,
一刀割断了马缰绳。

149His wives held his horse’s reins,
And told him to take good care of himself,
He took his sword out of its sheath,
And cut the reins.

150Qiijanu Yanxii ni jarilig bauya,
Qanzun da Baazun sunusi joo,
Niudurgu udurdu qirig ghariya,
Qirignu duraanu muxiji yau.

151祁家延西传将令,
千总把总听分明,
今日祁家兵要出征,
催动人马往前行。

152Marshal Qi gave the order:
All commanding officers, please listen carefully,
Today, the Qi family’s soldiers will set off,
Please set off now.

153Bazarnu Dungonsa moor ghariwa,
Dungonsa gharisa Loojawana,
Dii muxiji yausamba Yinhuntanna,
Yinhuntan dawaasa Hiihoo muroonna.

154炮响三声出东关,
东关出去是罗家湾,
罗家湾过去是映红滩,
映红滩过去是黑K河边。

  • 29 The eastern district of today’s Xining City.
  • 30 Today’s Luojiawan area, Pingan Region, Haidong Municipality.
  • 31 Unknown location.
  • 32 Unknown location.

155When the cannons had resounded thrice, the soldiers had already left Dongguan;29 After walking out of Dongguan, they arrived at Luojiawan,30 Then they walked farther and arrived at the Yinghong Plain;31 After passing the Yinghong Plain, they arrived at the bank of the Black
River.32

156Hiihoo muroonre kurgo gua,
Qirig mori yama giji dawaagunii?
Qiijanu Yanxii ni jarilig bauya,
Muroonnu qireedu xirgiilaya.

157黑K河上没有一座桥,
兵将人马阿门价过?
祁家延西传将令,
黑K河边上安营坐。

158There was no bridge over the Black River:
How could soldiers and horses cross it?
The Marshal of the Qi family ordered,
Camp at the riverside.

159Caizunbiinnu jarilig kuraadiija,
Ghuruundurdu muroonsa dawaadii,
Ghuruudurdu dawaa adasa,
Tolghuinaa awaanu sgela ire.

160柴总兵将令到来了,
限你三日过黑K河,
三日里黑K河过不了,
三天后提头来见我。

161The order issued by Commanding Officer Chai has arrived:
You must cross the Black River within three days,
If you are not over within three days,
Report to me without your head.

162Jarilig tingerla nigewa,
Qiijanu Yanxii ni jiisuuraaxja,
Turongge ghadange jorolana,
Ghuruudurdu yama giji dawaagunii?

163将令一到如山倒,
祁家延西急死了,
里外三进坐不稳,
三天里黑K河怎么过?

164The order was like a landslide.
Yanxi of the Qi family was getting very anxious,
He went in and out of his tent nervously:
How can we cross the river within three days?

165Qanzun da Baazun sunusi joo,
Molsi kurgonu ujela xji,
Molsi korijiisa dawaaya,
Koriji guisada dawaaya.

166千总把总听分明,
明天黑K河上看冰桥,
有了冰桥过冰桥,
没有冰桥也要过。

167All commanding officers please listen carefully:
Tomorrow, please go see if the river has frozen or not;
We will cross the river if it has frozen,
We will have to cross over it.

168Qanzun da Baazun jariji,
Tanmaaqi kurgo ujela xjija,
Muroonnu szuda rdemxina,
Ghayardu korigu log ni gua?

169千总把总传命令,
派两个探马看冰桥,
河里的波浪三尺高,
六月天阿门价坐冰桥?

170All the commanding officers gave orders,
Two scouts were sent to see if the river was frozen or not.
They saw waves on the river almost one meter high,
How could the river freeze over in summer?

171Tanmaaqi haraanu kilena,
Muroonre molsi koriji gua,
Jarlig bauji yang ujela xjija,
Muroonre molsi mu koriji gua.

172探马来叩头禀,
黑K河里没有坐冰桥,
传下将令再去探,
黑K河里还是没冰桥。

173The two scouts came back and reported that
The Black River was not frozen.
They were sent again to see if the river was frozen or not,
But the Black River was still not frozen.

174Ghuraandar ujelada lii xjisamba,
Caizunbiin jarilig yang kurija,
Ghuruudur kuraanu daglaja,
Dii dawaa adasa alagunii.

175第三还没去探冰桥,
柴总兵的将令由来到,
三天的日子两天半,
再不过黑K河把头割。

176On the third day there was no time to send soldiers to see if the river was frozen or not.
An order from Commanding Officer Chai had arrived:
The three days are almost up,
You will be beheaded if you do not cross the river.

177Qiija Yanxii jisuuraxja,
Jiila huu duulixja,
Tanmaaqi ghrdinhaan ujela xji,
Kurgo guisamba alagunii.

178祁家延西急死了,
一蹦Û跳得五尺高,
传令探马再去探,
再没有冰桥脑袋掉。

179The marshal of the Qi family was really getting nervous,
He jumped with anger,
And ordered the scouts to go check again,
Saying that if the scouts didn’t see a frozen river, they would be beheaded.

180Tanmaaqi muroondu kuraadiisa,
Muroon szu undurdu rdemxina,
Hariji xjaa yama giji kilegunii,
Ne yang do amunnaa kurgeediija.

181探马来到河边上,
河里的波浪三尺高,
俩人在河边哭一场,
回去定把命送掉。

182The scouts arrived at the riverside.
Seeing the waves on the river almost one meter high,
The two cried at the riverside:
We will be beheaded if we go to back.

183Tanmaaqi ghuilada ndang baghana,
Hariji xjisa amunnaa kurgeeguna,
Muroondu diuliyada nanjinna,
Gujire uldila lii qabjiguna.

184两个探马穷思量,
回去一定见阎王,
不如跳河喂鱼去,
免得血在脖子上淌。

185The two scouts considered:
We will lose our lives if we go back.
It would be good to jump in the river and give our bodies to the fish,
That would be better than having our necks cut.

186Tanmaaqi ghuila yang ndang baghasa,
Qiizunbiinnu sgil ni sain sgilwa,
Hariji xjildaanu nige kileya,
Buda ghuilanu yamada lii gimba.

187两个探马由思量,
总兵大人好心肠,
我俩去求个情,
看他把我俩怎么样。

188The two scouts thought again:
Marshal Qi is a kind-hearted man,
We will appeal to his mercy when we return,
And see how he treats us.

189Tanmaaqi ghuila dii ndang baghasa,
Uldinu gujire tai ughugula,
Jilaji ghudalge tegdaya,
Muroonre kurgo sauja giya.

190两个探马再思量,
等把钢刀脖子上放,
我俩就给他扯个谎,
就说冰桥坐在黑K河上。

191The two scouts considered again:
If they put a knife to our necks
We will immediately lie to them
That the river has frozen over.

192Nigere taiwaanu hariji ireja,
Qiizunbiinnu gurdu uroji xjaanu,
Ghoor udignaa ghajardu sgodaanu,
Ujesan waidalnaa xiilaya gina.

193注意已定回营房,
急忙来到总兵帐,
两个探马跪地上,
要给大人秉情况。

194They considered and returned to the camp,
And went into Marshal Qi’s camp.
The two scouts knelt down on the ground,
And reported to Marshal Qi.

195Qiizunbiinnu sgildu ghal ngureena,
Tog baghagu madu szaghasamba,
Tanmaaqi ghuila ayildaanu,
Kurgo sauja giji szaraa ireja.

196祁家延西急如焚,
大吼一声问军情,
两个探马慌了神,
就说黑K河上坐了冰。

197The heart of the marshal of the Qi family was torn with anxiety,
He asked for the facts with a roar.
The two scouts were so scared,
A lie burst out, that the river had frozen.

198Qiijanu Yanxii ni beesaadiija,
Ta ghuila ghurdu pusildaadii,
Bu ta ghuilanu alaya giji gui,
Qirig mori ghurdulaji yaulduya gi.

199祁家延西真高兴,
叫声小哥哥快起来,
我哪里舍得杀你们,
传令人马快起营。

200The marshal of the Qi family was glad.
You two get up quickly,
I don’t want to kill you two.
He ordered the soldiers and horses to set off immediately.

201Paunu ghuraan dau gharghaanu,
Qirig mori ghudilildaadiija,
Tanmaaqi ayaanu qagla shdaji gua,
Ghudal kileenu do yama gim?

202炮响三声起了营,
却又难坏了探马兵,
大人好心不杀我们,
我俩为啥£哄大人?

203When the cannons had resounded thrice, the soldiers and horses started off,
The two scouts were so scared.
Superior, is this kind man who wouldn’t kill us,
But why did we lie to him?

204Qirig da morisge yaulduna,
Tanmaaqinu jirge ni diulina,
Molsi kurgonu sarin nida gua,
Qiizunbiindu kilegu logda gua?

205大兵征程匆匆行,
两个探马心蹦Û蹦Û,
黑K河里明明没冰桥,
到河边阿门价见大人?

206Soldiers and horses moved in a hurry,
The two scouts’hearts were beating,
The river was not frozen,
How would they face Marshal Qi when they arrived at the river?

207Hiihoo muroon rdemxina,
Molsinu kurgonge gergeljana,
Tanmaaqi ghuila juudinduwa,
Ghayardu jubda korin nuu.

208黑K河里河水波浪滚,
有一座冰桥亮晶晶,
两个探马好像坐睡梦,
六月天河水里真坐冰。

209Waves were rolling on the Black River,
But an ice bridge glittered:
The two scouts thought they must be dreaming,
It really was frozen on a summer’s day.

210Qiijanu Yanxii ni jarilig bauja,
Qanzun da Baazun sunusi joo,
Qirigghula saighan sunusi joo,
Kurgo dawaadulaa simjonglaldu.

211祁家延西传将令,
千总把总点好兵,
兵将哥哥听分明,
过冰桥一定要小心。

212The marshal of the Qi family gave the order:
All commanding officers, please order the men to cross the bridge,
Every soldier, please listen carefully,
Take great care of yourself as you cross the ice bridge.

213Qiijanu Yanxii ni jarilig bauja,
Turong ni bu njeennaa dawaaya,
Molsi kurgo lii tabdaasa,
Hanala daghaaji dawaaldu joo.

214祁家延西传将令,
头一个过的是祁总兵,
倘若冰桥不塌了,
再过的就是当兵的人。

215The marshal of the Qi family gave the order:
I will walk over the ice bridge first,
If the ice bridge doesn’t collapse,
All soldiers and horses follow me over.

216Qirig da morisge dawaa xjija,
Huino harijinge nausamba,
Jaghasi ghoyurlada diulilduna,
Purghan budasgenu furonglaja.

217祁家兵马过了桥,
再回过头来仔细瞧,
两条大鱼蹦Û蹦Û跳,
神佛保佑我过了桥。

218The Qi family’s soldiers and horses passed over the bridge,
They turned back and looked at the river carefully:
Two big fish were jumping,
Deities and Buddhas have helped us to cross the river.

219Shge szangnu gharghaji,
Ghuraan tolghuinu murguji,
Sgilnu turosa haxiliji,
Ulon purghaannu hgebli giya.

220祁家延西老泪落,
三拜九磕谢神佛,
三百六十个兵哥哥,
谢天谢地恸哭豪。

221The tears of the marshal of the Qi family rolled down,
He made nine prostrations to all the deities and Buddhas,
Three hundred and sixty soldiers
Thanked all the deities and cried together.

222Hiifii muroonsa dawaawaanu,
Saaliu kurgore kuraadiija,
Tanmaaqi hariji iree kilena,
Kurgonu kaagaanu dawaagu log gua.

223兵马过了黑K水河,
再往前就是沙柳桥,
探马兵探马回来了,
贼寇卡定了沙柳桥。

  • 33 Unknown location.

224After they crossed the Black River,
They arrived near Shaliu Bridge.33 Scouts returned and reported:
Bandits occupy the Shaliu Bridge.

225Kurgosa mundee moor ni gua,
Yama gisada dawaagu kurija,
Qiijanu Yanxii ni ndang baghana,
Niguu soni noor kuriji gua.

226沙柳桥以外没有道,
拼死也过个沙柳桥,
祁家延西夜苦熬,
不知不觉天亮了。

227There is no way except the Shaliu Bridge,
We must cross the Shaliu Bridge.
The marshal of the Qi family was carefully considering
Until daybreak.

228Qiijanu Yanxiidu laghu ulon,
Mori baasinu tungulghaja,
Mori baasi ula maduwa,
Yaandu jarigunu muden gua.

229祁家延西善谋算,
不攻桥来不造船,
下令军兵拾马粪,
拾的马粪堆成山。

230The marshal of the Qi family was a clever man.
We’ll neither attack the bridge nor make ships.
He ordered his soldiers to pick up horse dung,
So horse dung was piled up.

231Baasinu muroondu sajaadiija,
Muroon szu xirandog ulaadiija,
Kurgonu sgijin sgeediija,
Sgilnu turosa ayaadiija.

232堆堆马粪推入河,
清清河水变黄色,
守桥贼寇看见了,
疑是祁家兵已渡河。

233All the horse dung was pushed into the river,
And the river turned yellow.
The bandits who were guarding the bridge saw it,
And thought the soldiers had already crossed the river.

234Qiijanu qirig ni dawaaxja gaa,
Kurgonu dire ni loloodiija,
Qiijanu Yanxiidu laghu ulija,
Qirignaa duraanu muxiqilena.

235守桥贼寇慌了神,
沙柳桥上乱纷纷,
祁家延西计得逞,
率领军兵往前冲。

236The bandits guarding the bridge were flustered,
There was a scene of chaos on the bridge,
The marshal of the Qi family succeeded:
He led his soldiers, rushing forward.

237Qiijanu Yanxii ni baatirwa,
Qirigsge amunnaa hgilen gua,
Saaliu kurgosa dawaa xjija,
Qirigsge nigeda sheeleji gua.

238祁家延西逞神勇,
祁家兵个个不要命,
一口气冲过沙柳桥,
贼寇逃得无踪影。

239The marshal of the Qi family was so brave,
His soldiers were not worried about their lives,
They quickly pushed across the bridge,
And the bandits all ran away.

240Yaujinge yaujinge yauniisamba,
Tingere uroonu arilgunu gua,
Huraadu yausamba jublongwa,
Lii sausa yaugu log ni gua.

241征程遇了个秋甲子,
连阴带下的四十天,
雨天里行军实难心,
把营盘扎在黄草滩。

  • 34 Unknown location.

242On the journey autumn began,
It was cloudy and rainy for forty days;
It was very hard to walk on the rainy days,
So they camped on Huangcao Plain.34

243Qighaan gurnu pusilghawa,
Jas loogoonu diuzilewa,
Qirignu idexi buraadiija,
Morinu hoolo buraadiija.

244白布的账房扎下了,
三岔锣鼓支下了,
兵马的粮草吃完了,
没有粮草着害下了。

245They pitched white cloth tents
And put three-legged pots on the ground.
Soldiers and horses had no food to eat,
They suffered from hunger.

246Qirig da moridu qasga gua,
Qasga kurgeejin kurigunu gua,
Morinu hoolonii kun idena,
Amunnu hgilegu bulenna.

247人没有粮来马没有料,
押粮的总管还不到,
马料鞍鞯人吃了,
兵困荒滩没救了。

248Soldiers and horses were lacking food,
The grain officers had not arrived,
Soldiers were eating horses’fodder,
Facing starvation in the wilderness.

249Qiijanu Yanxii ni Qiizunbiinna,
Soni ni juudinge juudilesa,
Bagha rjawu szong bauna,
Bughu amunnu ntarlalghana.

250祁家延西祁总兵,
晚夕里作了个好睡梦,
五台护法托了个梦,
梅花鹿儿能救人。

251The marshal of the Qi family, Marshal Qi,
Had a dream in the evening:
Bagharisang told him,
Spotted deer can save your lives.

252Qiijanu Yanxii ni jarilig bauna,
Tangula szaliunge sunusi joo,
Bughu amunnu ntarlalghana,
Mahanii qinaasa funirduwa.

253祁家延西传将令,
兵将哥哥们听分明,
梅花鹿儿能救人,
锣锅里煮肉香喷喷。

254The marshal of the Qi family gave the order:
All soldiers, please listen carefully,
Spotted deer can save our lives,
Boiled meat in the pot is very appetizing.

255Bughunu baghaanu buraaguna,
Qasgaqi zungondu kurigunu gua,
Alinge udurdu kurisamba,
Qasgaqi zungondu amun gua.

256眼看着鹿儿打完了,
押粮的总管还不到,
哪一日粮草押到了,
押粮的总管定不饶。

257When almost all the deer had been killed,
The grain officers had still not arrived.
If the grain arrived any later,
It would be necessary to punish the grain officers.

258Kii huraa qudughu madungewa,
Keele losaa naaldigu madungewa,
Qirig mori nqaadagu madungewa,
Sgil turo shdughugu madungewa.

259黄草滩上风如刀,
人没有粮来马没有料,
兵马困在黄草滩,
祁总兵心里如刀绞。

260The wind on Huangcao Plain was like a knife,
Soldiers and horses had no food,
Soldiers and horses were trapped on Huangcao Plain.
Marshal Qi was grief-stricken.

261Agha diungula sunusi joo,
Qirig ulijin baatirwa joo,
Shge tingere furonglam joo,
Nenge purgesa dawaa xjim joo.

262兵将哥哥们听分明,
吃粮当兵的是好汉,
苍天神佛保佑我,
众人一心度难关。

263All soldiers please listen carefully:
All you soldiers are great men,
Great Heaven and all the deities will protect us,
All people unite to overcome this difficulty.

264Shdeleji sajaghai hailana,
Qasgaqi zungon kuraadiija,
Qiizunbiin aurlaanu xirgudina,
Yama gaanu isgenge kuriwa.

265黄草滩上喜鹊叫,
押粮的总管来报到,
祁总兵怒发直冲关,
粮草阿门价才运到。

266Magpies were chirping on Huangcao Plain,
The grain officer came to report,
Marshal Qi’s hair bristled with anger,
He asked why the grain had been delayed.

267Qiijanu Yanxii ni jarilig bauja,
Zungonnu gur ghada qogloodii,
Silimnaa suulaanu gharghaadiisa,
Tolghuinu awusa gulegunu gui.

268祁家延西传将令,
把总管绑在营门外,
三尺宝剑出了鞘,
斩你的首级不能怪。

269The marshal of the Qi family gave the order:
Tie the grain officer up outside the gates of the camp.
He unsheathed his long sword —
I should behead him.

270Tamainge udur sara ulisamba,
Taraa da hoolodu kurigunu gua,
Ntoglaja ntoglaja jub ntoglaja,
Dii yama gulegu ugo wai yiu gui.

271出征到了今日了,
连一回粮草运不到,
延误征期法难容,
叫你到阴间去报到。

272At a critical time in our expedition
You failed to transport grain and fodder,
You delayed the expedition and broke the law,
Now, go to Hell.

273Qasgaqi zungon ughua gina,
Ndaa daagu gulegu ugonge wai,
Munu dargha qi sunusi joo,
Bu qimu szaliunge kileya joo.

274押粮总管哭求饶,
斩我的首级说不过,
总兵大人你细听,
把我的冤枉说一说。

275The grain officer cried and begged for mercy:
You shouldn’t behead me,
Commanding Officer, please listen carefully,
I’ll explain to you my innocence.

276Turongdar qasganu kurgee iresa,
Turongdar qasganu bulaa xjiwa,
Hara moridii bulijinna,
Hara xadardii bulijinna.

277头一回粮草发上来,
头一回粮草被抢了,
头一回抢粮的是黑K贼,
黑K人黑K马黑K旗号。

278The first time we transported the grain
The grain was stolen on the way.
The robbers were clad in black clothes,
Robbers clad in black clothes with black horses and black flags.

279Ghuidar qasganu kurgee iresa,
Ghuidar qasganu bulaa xjiwa,
Qighaan moridii bulijinna,
Qighaan xadardii bulijinna.

280第二回粮草发上来,
第二回粮草又抢了,
第二回抢粮的是白贼,
白人白马白旗号。

281The second time we transported the grain
The grain was stolen again.
This time the robbers were clad in white clothes,
Robbers clad in white clothes with white horses and white flags.

282Ghuraadar qasganu kurilghawa,
Tingere uroonu kurigunge gua,
Niudurgu udurdu kuriwajida,
Qasgare nughoon turuu rguadiija.

283第三回粮草发到了,
偏偏遇上秋甲子了,
连阴带下的路难行,
发来的粮草发霉了。

284The third time, we finally transported the grain here.
Autumn had begun, so we met rainy and cloudy days,
The road was very difficult to walk on,
The grain became moldy.

285Qiijanu Yanxii ni jarilig bauja,
Agha diusge szaliunge sunusi joo,
Qasganu kurgeewaa kuraadiija,
Sgilnu ncaraa buraadiiwa.

286祁家延西传将令,
兵将哥哥们听分明,
兵马的粮草运到了,
心里的黑K血塌下了。

287The marshal of the Qi family gave the order:
All soldiers please listen carefully,
Grain and fodder have arrived,
I feel at ease now.

288Moor dire bulijinnu xjuraadiija,
Moor dire huraanu xjuraadiija,
Qasgaqi zungonnu telgeedii,
Ghardugu uldinaa huyiilaadii.

289偏偏遇上个强­盗了,
偏偏遇上秋甲子了,
押粮的总管怪不得,
三尺宝剑进鞘了。

290They just encountered robbers,
Just met rainy and cloudy days as autumn began —
Release the grain officer now.
He sheathed his sword again.

291Zunbiinnu qinji ni buraadiija,
Qirignu aghasge beesaadiija,
Qasgaqi zungonnu telgeediija,
Hananu sgilda ndanglaadiija.

292祁家延西怒气消,
兵将哥哥们高兴了,
押粮总管立放掉,
众兵将心里平静了。

293The anger of the marshal of the Qi family was soothed,
All the soldiers were happy,
The grain officer was freed,
All soldiers felt at peace.

294Qiijanu Yanxii ni jarilig bauja,
Qanzun da Baazun sunusi joo,
Qirig da morinu qadilighaanu,
Ghurdin ghurdin ghudiliya joo.

295祁家延西传将令,
千总把总听分明,
人烙干粮马喂料,
炮响三声起征程。

296The marshal of the Qi family gave the order:
All commanding officers, please listen carefully,
Fill soldiers’stomachs and feed the horses;
After the cannon has resounded thrice, we will set off on our expedition.

297Qirig mori yausan ni ghurdinna,
Looyang bazardu kuraadiija,
Qiijanu Yanxii ni jarilig bauja,
Bazarnu ghadaxi gurnu pusilgha.

298大兵来到洛阳城,
洛阳里贼寇众,
祁家延西传将令,
洛阳城外扎下营。

299The soldiers arrived at Luoyang City wall,
Many rebels were inside.
The marshal of the Qi family gave the order:
Encamp outside the Luoyang City wall.

300Looyangnu bazarda batiwa,
Bazar turogu kun ulonna,
Hadongla baghasa moordu gua,
Laghunu gharghaji awuguxja.

301叫声千把总你细听,
洛阳城是砖包城,
强­攻硬打万不成,
多想计谋要智胜`。

302All commanding officers, please listen carefully:
Luoyang City wall is made of bricks —
Attacking by force will not succeed,
We should use strategy.

303Qiijanu Yanxiidu laghu ulon,
Qanzun da Baazundu qigiqilem,
Ghuraan menhan jirghoon jong imaawa,
Duloon menhen ghoor jong dangliurwa.

304祁家延西智策大,
密叫千总把总把话发,
三千六百山羊紧着抓,
七千二百灯笼抓紧扎。

305The marshal of the Qi family was wise,
Secretly telling every commanding officer,
Please get 3,600 goats,
And make 7,200 lanterns.

306Imaanu waraanu kuijeediija,
Dangliurnu zaakaanu kuijeediija,
Looyang bazarnu awusamba,
Awugu sghau ni niusoniwa.

307如数的山羊抓来了,
如数的灯笼扎成了,
羊角挂上灯笼了,
攻城的万事俱备了。

308The assigned goats were caught,
The assigned lanterns were made,
Hang the lanterns on the goats’horns,
Ready to attack the city wall.

309Harangghu soninu dundadu,
Imaanu wer dire dangliurwa,
Qiijanu Yanxii ni murgenna,
Baatir hanala narjaawa.

310日落夜深黑K沉沉,
山羊角上挂灯笼,
祁家延西密传令,
兵将哥们抖精神。

311In the middle of the deep dark night,
Hang the lanterns on the goats’horns,
The marshal of the Qi family gave the order secretly,
And all the soldiers became energetic.

312Ula tang guinu imaawa,
Fulaan dangliurla haa geeja,
Budasgenu qirig qoogonna,
Imaa budasgenu qirigwa.

313十个山羊一个兵,
漫山遍野是灯笼,
别看我们兵马少,
山羊就是攻城的兵。

314Ten goats were arranged in one team,
All over, lanterns covered the hills.
Despite our soldiers and horses being few,
Goats have become our soldiers.

315Qagraaji sajiligu madungewa,
Qirigsge ghaljuuraagu madungewa,
Qirig da immla duuraadiija,
Dalii rdemxigu madungewa.

316号炮一声连一声,
祁家延西急攻城,
祁家兵马真英勇,
喊杀阵阵若山洪。

317The continuous sound of cannon fire,
The marshal of the Qi family urgently attacked the city wall,
The soldiers were fighting heroically,
The continuous sound of shouting and killing was like a torrential flood.

318Looyangnu saigusge ayaadiija,
Tamainge qirig anjiiguna?
Tolghuinaa teeraanu tudaadiija,
Looyang bazarnu ken golana.

319洛阳的贼寇慌了神,
哪来这么多马和兵?
呼爹喊娘紧逃命,
管他守城不守城。

320The rebels inside Luoyang City were in a panic,
Where did so many soldiers come from?
They ran for their lives,
And Luoyang City was abandoned.

321Looyangnu saigusge sajiraaxja,
Urogu nukoda ulidun gua,
Qiijanu Yanxii ni jarilig bauja,
Juraaji alaldu bii suidaarla.

322洛阳的贼寇丧了胆,
四散奔跳没处钻,
祁家延西传将令,
追杀贼寇不停缓。

323Luoyang City’s defenses collapsed,
The rebels fled in disorder,
The marshal of the Qi family gave the order:
Continue chasing and killing the rebels.

324Smunu smudaa buraalghaja,
Numunu tidaanu tasilija,
Uldinu qabjaanu furaalghaja,
Jiidaanu shdughoonu hghulaadiija.

325雕翎利箭射完了,
牛角长弓拉断了,
褶花大刀倦刃了,
马耳长矛刺折了。

326Those eagle-feather-plumed arrows were shot until they were finished,
Those ox-horn bows were used until broken,
Those swords were used until the blades became blunt,
Those horse-ear-shaped spears were used until broken.

327Saigunu sgil ni fuuwaadiija,
Anjiida shge ghalnu taidiija,
Looyang bazarnu ghal hujija,
Qiijanu qirigsge hambulina.

328洛阳的贼寇事做绝,
七处八处放了火,
洛阳城里到处着,
祁家兵赶ー紧去救火。

329The rebels inside Luoyang City were utterly devoid of conscience
And set fire to everything,
The fire spread everywhere inside of Luoyang City.
The Qi family’s soldiers put the fire out quickly.

330Looyang bazar deereljinna,
Xoomaa ndughong dundaduna,
Ghal da kii ghuila furooldina,
Ngureewaa funeesidu furaadiija.

331洛阳城里四角城,
雪马宝殿在当中,
大风阵阵火势猛,
雪马宝殿化灰烬。

332Luoyang was a four-cornered city,
The Snow Horse Hall was located at its center,
Heavy wind blew the fierce fire,
The Snow Horse Hall was burnt to ashes.

333Qiijanu Yanxii ni jarilig bauja,
Qirignu aghasge sunusi joo,
Sawaala ndughongge pusilghaya,
Looyangnu kunsgenu furonglam joo.

334祁家延西传将令,
兵将哥哥们听分明,
兵器盖一座雪马殿,
保佑洛阳的好百姓。

335The marshal of the Qi family gave the order:
All soldiers please listen carefully,
Rebuild the burnt hall with all your weapons,
Protect all the common people inside Luoyang City.

336Ndughongnu muxi ni uldiwa,
Ndughongnu huino ni jiidaawa,
Ndughongnu dire ni smuwa,
Lamu sangnaa turo ni shdenleya.

337褶花大刀前面竖,
马耳瓜矛子是后山柱,
宝弓雕箭顶上铺,
骡子天王里面塑。

338Swords were used as pillars for the front of the hall,
Horse-ear-shaped spears were used as pillars for the back of the hall,
Treasure bows and eagle-plumed arrows were put on the roof of the hall,
Lamusang’s statue was enshrined inside the hall.

339Qiijanu Yanxii ni Qiizunbiinna,
Murgen da baatirdii Qiizunbiinna,
Qirig da morinaa hairlana,
Hara turuudunu ixida hairlana.

340祁家延西祁总兵,
有勇有谋出奇兵,
爱惜兵马痛百姓,
不折一卒把贼寇平。

341The marshal of the Qi family, Marshal Qi,
Was wise and brave, and was victorious in battle.
He loved his soldiers, horses, and common people,
And defeated the rebels without losing a single soldier.

342Qiijanu Yanxi ni jarilig bauja,
Qirignu aghasge sunusi joo,
Looyangnu kirig tegxiraaja,
Qirig mori Xiiniinnaa hariya joo.

343祁家延西传将令,
兵将哥哥们听分明,
洛阳的战事已得平,
速速撤兵回西宁。

344The marshal of the Qi family gave the order:
All soldiers please listen carefully,
The Luoyang City rebellion has been suppressed,
Withdraw the troops to Xining quickly.

345Kugo tingerdu shdarlanii joo,
Ulon purghaandu shdarlanii joo,
Tingere da purghaans furongla joo,
Budangula debxjirge hariya joo.

346虔诚祷告苍天啊,
虔诚祷告诸佛啊,
请保佑您的子民们,
平平安安回家门。

347Piously pray to Great Heaven,
Piously pray to all the deities,
Please protect your people,
Return home safely.

348Qiijanu Yanxii ni Qiizunbiinna,
Soni ni juudinge juudilesa,
Lamu sang juudindu szonglana,
Harigu moor dire simjongla.

349祁家延西祁总兵,
晚夕里作了一个梦,
骡子天王显神通,
回家的路上要小心。

350The marshal of the Qi family, Marshal Qi,
Had a dream that evening:
Lamusang told him,
Please take care on the way home.

351Qighaannu mosisansa qiiwaadii,
Haranu mosisansa qiiwaadii,
Xiranu mosisansa qiiwaadii,
Dii debxjirge haraanu kuraadim.

352避过白人白马白旗号,
避过黑K人黑K马黑K旗号,
避过黄人黄马黄旗号,
才能平安老家里到。

353As long as you avoid white-clad robbers with white horses and white flags,
As long as you avoid black-clad robbers with black horses and black flags,
As long as you avoid yellow-clad robbers with yellow horses and yellow flags,
Then you will safely be able to return home.

354Qiijanu Yanxii ni jarilig bauja,
Qanzun da Baazun sunusi joo,
Qirig da morisge hariya joo,
Harigu moor dire simjongla joo.

355祁家延西传将令,
千总把总听分明,
炮响三声起大营,
回家路上要小心。

356The marshal of the Qi family gave the order:
Every commanding officer, please listen carefully,
Please start after the cannon has resounded thrice,
Take care on the way home.

357Urgon talaasa dawaadulaa,
Qighaan mosisannu xjuraadiija,
Qirig da moorisge niusangula,
Qighaan mosisansa qiiwaadiija.

358走过宽广的草原时,
遇上了白人白马白旗号,
祁家兵马躲ú藏着,
避过了白人白马白旗号。

359As they were passing through a broad grassland,
They encountered white-clad robbers with white horses and white flags.
The Qi family’s soldiers and horses went into hiding
And successfully avoided the white-clad robbers with white horses and white flags.

360Shge muroonsa dawaadulaa,
Hara mosisannu xjuradiija,
Qiizunbiin smugeer jariliglaanu,
Hara mosisansa qiiwaadiija.

361渡过湍急的河流时,
遇上了黑K人黑K马黑K旗号,
祁总兵密令使巧计,
避过了黑K人黑K马黑K旗号。

362As they were crossing a turbulent river,
They encountered black-clad robbers with black horses and black flags.
Marshal Qi was a clever man,
And successfully avoided the black-clad robbers with black horses and black flags.

363Shge ghulsa dawaadulaa,
Xira mosisannu xjuraadiija,
Qirig da morisge hargaanu,
Xira mosisansa qiiwaadiija.

364穿过深深的山沟时,
遇上了黄人黄马黄旗号,
祁家兵马巧转绕,
避过了黄人黄马黄旗号。

365As they were passing through a deep ravine,
They encountered yellow-clad robbers with yellow horses and yellow flags.
Marshal Qi bypassed them,
And successfully avoided the yellow-clad robbers with yellow horses and yellow flags.

366Qiijanu Yanxii ni qiizunbiinna,
Nasindu gharisan qiizunbiinna,
Qirignaa duraanu haaraa kurija,
Kunsge beesiji zeelelduna.

367祁家延西祁总兵,
年事已高的祁总兵,
领兵马平安回西宁,
众百姓踊跃出城迎。

368The marshal of the Qi family, Marshal Qi,
Elderly Marshal Qi,
Safely returned to Xining City with his soldiers and horses.
All the people enthusiastically came out of the city and greeted them.

369Turongdar zeelejin Caizunbiinna,
Jongdu mori ghariji zeelena,
Rjaalaji harisan baatiriwa,
Morila zeelejin baatiriwa.

370首程迎接的柴总兵,
用成百的马队来迎接,
凯旋而归的众勇士,
应该用马队来迎接。

371First, they were received by Commanding Officer Chai,
Who greeted them with hundreds of cavalrymen,
Because brave soldiers returning in triumph
Should be received with cavalry.

372Ghuidar ni zeelejin kuduguna,
Jongdu hunila zeelena,
Rjaalaji harisan murgenwa,
Hunila zeelejin murgenwa.

373二程引接的是家人,
用成百的肥羊来迎接,
胜`利而归的众智者,
应该用肥羊来迎接。

374Secondly, they were received by his family,
Who greeted them with hundreds of fat sheep,
Because wise men returning in triumph
Should be received with fat sheep.

375Ghuraanda udendunaa kuraadiija,
Xongnu longhula zeelena,
Rjaalaji harisan didewa,
Duraasila zeelejin didewa.

376三程跃马到府门,
用成双的酒瓶来迎接,
平安而归的祁老爷,
应该用美酒来迎接。

377Thirdly, they arrived in front of the mansion,
And were greeted with two bottles of liquor,
Because a senior man returning safely
Should be received with liquor.

378Shgeqi mulaaqin ghariji ireenu,
Ghoor suusa suuderleji zeelena,
Xineedu nimpusi hamduwa,
Suuderleji udendu urolduna.

379大妇小妾出府门,
搀扶祁总兵进家门,
笑逐颜开述衷肠,
日夜思念心不稳。

380All his wives came out to receive him:
They supported Marshal Qi as he entered their front gate,
Smiles crept across their faces, telling each other
How much they had missed him.

381Mulaaqin turosan kuu bulaiwa,
Yantongnu funenu jalghaadiija,
Qiizunbiin beesaanu hghui taija,
Bulaina teerisa sgil geeja.

382小妾养下的小男童,
祁家总兵留了根,
祁总兵高兴实高兴,
怀ä抱小儿乐融融。

  • 35 Implying that his family line would continue, and smoke would continue to come from the family‘s c (...)

383His concubine had given birth to a baby boy:
Marshal Qi had his chimney smoking,35 Marshal Qi was extremely happy,
And happily embraced his baby boy.

384Qiijanu Yanxii ni Qiizunbiinna,
Nasindu gharisan baatirwa,
Looyangnu biixindu uliji,
Gharisan nqugonu buraalghaja.

385祁家延西祁总兵,
不惜年迈赴战阵,
为了洛阳的好百姓,
巧计把洛阳的战事平。

386The marshal of the Qi family, Marshal Qi,
Made an expedition while advanced in age:
For the sake of Luoyang’s common people
He successfully suppressed the rebels there.

387Qiijanu Yanxii ni Qiizunbiinna,
Nasindu gharisan murgenwa,
Looyangnu biixindu uliji,
Gharisan kirignu tebxiraalghaja.

388祁家延西祁总兵,
不顾一切赴战阵,
为了洛阳的好百姓,
大智大勇把贼寇平。

389The marshal of the Qi family, Marshal Qi,
Disregarding everything, went to battle
For the sake of Luoyang’s common people,
And with his wisdom and bravery suppressed the rebels.

390Qiijanu Yanxii ni Qiizunbiinna,
Baatir da murgen nzomlaja,
Daunaa daulaji shdorlaya joo,
Jong menhen fondu ni shdorlaya joo.

391祁家延西祁总兵,
智勇双全的祁总兵,
老了的时节争奇功,
千世万代都赞颂。

392The marshal of the Qi family, Marshal Qi,
Was a wise and brave man,
Who gained merit in his later years.
Praise him for thousands of years.

Notes

1 Many thanks to Qi Wenru, who kindly gave permission for his article to be translated here.

2 Tangba Big Household, Changshou Big Household, Yatou Household, Yongan Household, Xiaosi Household, Bulong Household (Dasi Village), Erxiangbu Household, Tieling Household (Jijiawan Village), Gongta Household (Baiya Village), Dacaizi Household and Yaomu Household (etc.)

3 See above.

4 This is an alternative name for the Upper Thirteen Villages.

5 Mongghul: Hudu Kuji.

6 That is, the Baiya area.

7 Qi Huan’s younger brother, a disabled man.

8 In Mongghul, this refers to official graveyards and the official families in Yatou Village called ‘Laoye Fentan’ (referring to the Master’s graveyards).

9 The Nianbo Qi tusi is also the East Qi tusi.

10 Bazong is a military rank, below that of commanding officer.

11 That is, Tong bazong.

12 Nianbo Town, Ledu Region.

13 Today’s Jingyang Town, Datong Hui and Mongghul Autonomous County.

14 In today’s Qinhuangdao City, Hebei Province.

15 The battle of Saeryou occurred in today’s Fushun City, Liaoning Province, between the soldiers of the Later Jin and Ming, in 1619.

16 Liaodong refers to the southern and eastern areas of today’s Liaoning Province and the southeastern area of Jilin Province.

17 Northeast of today’s Shenyang.

18 Northeast of today’s Jingxian, Liaoning Province.

19 A commanding officer in the Ming Dynasty.

20 This might be today’s Hekouxiang, Xigu District, Lanzhou City, Gansu Province, http://www.tcmap.com.cn/gansusheng/xiguqu_hekouxiang.html

21 In today’s Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region.

22 We cannot establish where this is today.

23 In 1595, the Ming government soldiers repelled three Mongol invasions: in Nanchuan (South Plain), Huangyuan, and Huangzhong areas of today’s Xining Municipality.

24 Tangba Fort is located northeast of Xining, about one hundred li away in Ashiji graveyard. Father and son were buried in the same graveyard.

25 That is, the first day of the next lunar month.

26 Lamusang is an important protector deity in the Duluun Lunkuang. Luozi Tianwang 骡子天王 (Heavenly Mule Riding King) in Chinese.

27 Bagharisang (King Foorigisigari), a well-known deity worshipped by Mongghul. He was a rival of King Gesar.

28 Niidosang (Guo’erduo, Gelete, Aodan, Aolute Danbajiacuo, Aolute, Aoluchi) was a general under Genghis Khan, and is now an important protecting deity in the Huzhu Mongghul area. For more detail, see Limusishiden, Ha and Stuart (2013).

29 The eastern district of today’s Xining City.

30 Today’s Luojiawan area, Pingan Region, Haidong Municipality.

31 Unknown location.

32 Unknown location.

33 Unknown location.

34 Unknown location.

35 Implying that his family line would continue, and smoke would continue to come from the family‘s chimney.