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Wellbeing, Freedom and Social Justice

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Ingrid Robeyns

Index

Texte intégral

abortion 15, 145

advantage 25, 26, 38

agency 63, 86, 108, 139
accounts of 64
definition 63

Alexandrova, Anna 120, 121

Alkire, Sabina 16, 44, 52, 72, 177, 187, 198

analysis
conceptual 27
descriptive 27
evaluative 27
explanatory 27
normative 27

Anderson, Elizabeth 31, 155, 156

animals 9, 39

Aristotle 24, 177

aspirations 63, 122, 128, 131, 138, 139, 140, 141

Barclay, Linda 166

Barry, Brian 149, 151, 158

Basu, Kaushik 40

Baujard, Antoinette 76

Berlin, Isaiah 99, 100, 101, 102, 103

Burchardt, Tania 73, 112, 131, 134, 140, 142, 168

Byskov, Morten Fibieger 71

capabilities 38
as freedoms 39, 98, 102, 105
as opportunities 39
basic 93, 94, 95
collective 115, 116, 117
combined 93, 94
community 115
conceptual properties 40
definition 39
determinants of 146
general 95
general versus specific 96
individual 116
internal 93
list of 30, 171
multiple realisability 97
personal 117
robustness 97
selecting 30, 34, 61, 62, 157
value neutrality 42

capability analysis
different modes of 35, 143

capability approach
added value 16, 143
applications 8, 9, 11
cartwheel model 36
definition 7, 23
limitations of 216
modular view of 23, 36, 74, 77, 85, 117, 212
multidimensional 8
narrow versus broader interpretation 84
specifying 29
versus capability theory 22, 29, 30, 194
visualisation 82

capability set 84, 91, 102
interdependent 84

capability theory 37, 211
hybrid 76
logically possible but empirically
implausible 214
Martha Nussbaum’s work as a 79
purpose of 37, 60, 61

capacité 106

capitalism 65, 123

care 42
child care 39, 42, 52, 135, 159, 213.
See also children
work 14

Carruthers, David 115

caste 24, 65, 113, 142

Chiappero-Martinetti, Enrica 191

children 6, 8, 12, 13, 24, 33, 39, 41, 42, 44, 45, 52, 58, 92, 109, 111, 125, 135, 157, 159, 160, 161, 180, 181, 189, 213

choice 117, 190, 191, 192
theory of 82, 109, 112, 189, 190

Claassen, Rutger 28, 64, 71, 95, 108, 196

Clark, Andrew 127

Clark, David A. 140

class 63, 113, 142

collective action 117

communitarianism 59, 197

communities 15

Conradie, Ina 141, 180, 183

consequentialism 144

conventionalism 149

conversion factors 45, 49, 72, 81, 113, 188
and public policies 47
three types 46

cost-benefit analysis 26

Crocker, David A. 86

Decancq, Koen 70, 71, 205

deep ecology 124

De Herdt, Tom 64

democracy 27, 173

Deneulin, Séverine 42, 183, 184, 198

Derobert, Laurent 68

De-Shalit, Avner 9, 15, 97, 212

desires 101, 178
informed 122

Devaux, Monique 182, 183

development 16, 17, 96, 199

development ethics 9, 17, 86

development projects 9, 141, 174, 180

Diener, Ed 127

disabilities 108, 130, 145, 176, 187

disability studies 17, 115

disadvantage 9, 15, 31, 212

disciplines
differences between 35, 55, 62, 90, 106, 116
lack of communication 118
miscommunication 28

discrimination 134, 166, 205

Drèze, Jean 12, 13, 28, 33, 50, 146

Drydyk, Jay 157

Dworkin, Ronald 151, 152, 154, 155, 156

ecological sustainability 9, 17, 31, 56

economic growth 10, 50, 54, 146, 214

economics
mainstream 18, 66, 203
normative versus positive 28

education 8, 9, 12, 14, 33, 41, 55, 108, 126, 140, 180

efficiency 31, 37, 56, 86

Elster, Jon 138

employment 52, 159

Equality and Human Rights Commission (UK) 168

ethics 143, 149, 179
applied 44

evaluation 10, 26, 52, 56, 57

evaluative space 51, 53, 66

Feldman, Shelley 158

feminism 115, 192

Ferrer-i-Carbonell, Ada 127

firms 9, 123

Fleurbaey, Marc 154

flourishing 136, 138, 140, 141, 180, 181, 193, 214

Foster, James 16

freedom 10, 27, 31
exercise concept of 103
opportunity concept of 103
option-freedom versus agency freedom 105
overall versus specific 126
positive versus negative 99, 101

Frey, Bruno S. 127, 133

friendship 48, 49, 65, 124

functionings 38
ambigious value 43
as a proxy for capabilities 112
definition 39, 90
negative value 41
refined 97
relation to capability 93
secure 97
value-laden definition 43, 44
value neutrality 41, 42, 45

GDP 11, 14, 69, 214

Gellert, Paul 158

gender 63, 66, 113, 114, 142, 161
division of paid and unpaid work 14, 68, 191
inequality 14, 113
norms 65, 104, 123, 159

Gilabert, Pablo 162

Gilardone, Muriel 76

Gill, Kaveri 65

government 15, 27, 110, 179, 182

groups 10, 69, 114, 116, 152, 182, 186, 188

Hagerty, Michael R. 134

happiness 26, 71, 135, 137 determinants of 127

happiness approach 9, 48, 56, 122, 126
and adaptive preferences 130
and group differences 133
and income changes131
and mental adaptation 130
ontological objection to 129

health 8, 9, 124, 126, 127, 130, 131, 146
infectious diseases 111
mental 15, 65, 72, 98, 108, 136
public 17, 100
social determinants of 27, 142

Hick, Rod 73, 112

Holland, Breena 170

homophobia 82

housing 15, 126

human beings
assumptions about 15, 185
embodied 58

human capital 33, 180, 181

Human Development and Capability
Association 198

human development paradigm 16, 86, 176, 197

Human Development Reports 16, 176, 197, 199

human diversity 46, 63, 85, 86, 89, 113, 114, 115, 176, 188, 189, 209, 214

Human diversity 114

human nature 56, 68, 116, 214
assumptions about 63

human rights 62, 106, 160

Ibrahim, Solava 115, 141, 180, 183, 215

identity 68

immigrants 160

income 12, 114, 147, 193

income-based approach 8, 14, 159

indigenous world views 59

individualism
ethical 58, 184
explanatory 185
methodological 184
normative 57, 184, 197
normative, use of the term 59
ontological 58, 184

inequality 26
gender 14, 98, 104
income 14
opportunities versus outcomes 109

infant mortality 12

infants 108

institutions 24, 27, 50, 75, 108, 110, 125, 143, 146, 148, 182, 188, 195

interdisciplinarity 143, 209, 213
language 11, 18, 54
miscommunication 61, 194

interpersonal comparisons of advantage 25, 47, 52, 85, 147, 193

Jaggar, Alison 193

justice 10, 56, 145
agent of 182
Amartya Sen on 152, 154
Martha Nussbaum on 153
sufficiency 155
the metric of distributive 17, 155
theories of 9, 18, 24, 68, 147, 152

Kahneman, Daniel 132

Khader, Serene 138, 140, 141, 194

Krueger, Alan B. 132

Layard, Richard 127

liberalism 150, 194

libertarianism 63, 80, 181, 193

life expectancy 12, 14

literacy 12

Lugo, María Ana 70, 71, 205

markets 182, 195, 200, 206

Marxism 63, 80

Marx, Karl 24

Matravers, Matt 149

means-ends distinction 47

Mehta, Pratab Bhanu 10

mental states 10, 126, 129, 138, 198

methods
conceptual 33, 142
descriptive 33
ethnographic 27
moral justification 62
narrative 34
qualitative 72
quantitative 27, 33, 72
reflective equilibrium 154

Millennium Development Goals 159

Miller, David 148

Mill, John Stuart 24

missing women 15

money 45, 50, 126

monistic theory 71

multidimensionality 14, 15, 56, 70, 72

Multidimensional Poverty Index 17, 44

multidisciplinary 35

Murphy, Michael 115

needs 114, 175
basic 106
basic needs approach 175
non-contingent 178
philosophical theories of 177

Nozick, Robert 129, 151

Nussbaum, Martha 9, 24, 28, 30, 31, 34, 35, 38, 41, 57, 64, 72, 77, 78, 79, 80, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 96, 97, 112, 138, 153, 154, 155, 157, 160, 164, 167, 168, 169, 170, 172, 179, 183, 187, 193, 194, 196, 198, 212

nutrition 8, 108

OECD 14

O’Neill, Onora 157, 183

Oswald, Andrew 127

paradigm 10, 18

Parfit, Derek 120, 121

parsimony 67

paternalism 107, 109, 196

Pettit, Philip 104

Phillips, Anne 154

philosophy 17, 18, 27, 54, 55, 119, 143, 147, 191

Pogge, Thomas 182, 193

political economy 190, 196

political institutions 14

political liberalism 78, 196

poverty 8, 10, 26, 78, 96, 145, 156, 193

power 68, 73, 152, 193, 215

preferences 178 adaptive 122, 137, 139

principle of each person as an end 57, 59, 75

principle pluralism 55, 56

procedural fairness 86

property rights 24, 196, 200

prosperity 10, 11, 15, 176

publicity criterion 124

public reasoning 76, 173, 205

Qizilbash, Mozaffar 79, 171

quality of life 14

racism 56, 65, 131, 149

Rawls, John 10, 30, 150, 151, 152, 154, 155

Reader, Soran 177

resources 81, 145, 146, 178
financial 12, 51
labour-market 65
material 10, 26, 45, 65, 81, 198

respect 56

responsibility 109, 156, 157

Richardson, Henry S. 53, 54, 58

Roemer, John 10, 207

Ruggeri Laderchi, Caterina 8, 11

satisfaction 39
overall life-satisfaction 10, 71, 128, 206
with functionings and capabilities 82, 136
within particular domains 127

Schkade, David 127

Schlosberg, David 115

Schokkaert, Erik 71, 205, 208

security 14

self-help groups 115

self-respect 49, 98

Sen, Amartya 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 24, 26, 28, 30, 33, 38, 45, 50, 53, 55, 63, 76, 77, 79, 80, 89, 90, 91, 92, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 101, 102, 103, 114, 116, 131, 135, 138, 146, 152, 155, 156, 157, 160, 161, 164, 166, 167, 169, 171, 172, 173, 176, 177, 184, 185, 186, 190, 193, 194, 195, 196, 199, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209, 213

Sengupta, Sunil 11

sexism 56

Smith, Adam 24, 95, 96

social arrangements 11, 24, 52, 57, 121

social choice theory 70, 80, 92, 156, 173

social contract theory 150

social indicators 125

social justice movements 117

social norms 24, 51, 81, 124, 149, 188, 190

social relationships 15, 124, 187

social sciences 55, 93, 213

social structures 189, 190, 215

Stewart, Frances 42, 115, 175, 179, 183, 184, 186, 187

Streeten, Paul 200

stress 41, 52, 56, 72, 136

structural constraints 49, 64, 65, 66, 68, 81, 140

Stutzer, Alois 134

Sugden, Robert 10, 207, 208

Sustainable Development Goals 159, 176

Taylor, Charles 102, 103, 104, 105

technical term 25

technology 9, 17, 146

teleology 149

Teschl, Miriam 68

time 147

undernourishment 12

UNDP 16

unpaid work 14

value
intrinsic 53
intrinsic versus ultimate54
pluralism 55
ultimate 53, 54, 56

value judgement 51

Van der Veen, Robert 134

Van Hees, Martin 199

Van Ootegem, Luc 208

Van Parijs, Philippe 151

Van Praag, Bernard 127

Veenhoven, Ruut 127, 128, 132, 135

Vizard, Polly 167, 168

vulnerability 97

Walzer, Michael 149

Washington consensus 200

weighing 69

welfare economics 10, 92, 99, 147, 191
capabilitarian 208, 209
definition 203
mainstream 202, 207
post-welfarist 204

welfare state 9, 27, 110

wellbeing 10, 14, 24, 27, 48, 50, 95, 118, 195
achieved 24, 119
desire-fulfilment theories of 121, 126
hedonistic theories of 121, 126
objective list theories of 121, 124, 125, 126
philosophical theories 121

wellbeing freedom 24, 119

Williams, Bernard 95

Wolff, Jonathan 9, 15, 97, 212

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