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Twentieth-Century Russian Poetry

 | 
Katharine Hodgson
, 
Joanne Shelton
, 
Alexandra Smith

Index

Texte intégral

abiturienty (prospective university students) 339

Abramov, Fedor 337

academia 82, 85, 359

acmeism 23, 161, 376, 381

acmeists 32, 71, 162, 163, 313, 375, 381, 383

Adamovich, Georgii 47, 207, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 319, 375, 383
‘Kogda my v Rossiiu vernemsia… o, Gamlet vostochnyi, kogda?’
(‘When will we return to Russia… oh, Eastern Hamlet, when?’) 319
Na Zapade (In the West) 300

Adorno, Theodor 382, 383

Aeroflot 60

Afro-American 292

Agenosov, Vladimir 117, 118, 119, 120, 211, 283, 335

Aigi, Genadii 22, 39, 333, 405, 406, 407, 408, 409, 410, 411, 412, 423

‘motsart: kassatsiia I’ (‘mozart: cassation I’) 408

Aizenberg, Mikhail 18, 19, 283, 348, 349, 350, 352, 396

Aizlewood, Robin 175

Akhmadulina, Bella 12, 22, 54, 189, 206, 330, 332, 333, 337, 339, 340, 341, 344, 345, 346, 347, 349

Akhmatova, Anna 5, 9, 22, 23, 37, 40, 43, 49, 50, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 110, 119, 140, 141, 142, 158, 161, 164, 166, 168, 171, 174, 180, 182, 185, 186, 191, 192, 195, 196, 197, 207, 245, 247, 248, 249, 250, 252, 278, 321, 324, 327, 329, 374, 375, 378, 388
Chetki (Rosary) 69

‘Nas chetvero’ (‘The Four of Us’) 73, 76

‘Na shee melkikh chetok riad…’ (‘On the Neck a String of Fine Beads’) 69
Rekviem (Requiem) 78, 79, 80, 82, 83, 84, 245, 415
‘Slava miru’ (‘In Praise of Peace’) 87
Vecher (Evening) 68
‘Venok mertvym’ (‘A Wreath for the Dead’) 74

Akhmet′ev, I. 218, 280

Aksenov, Vasilii 12
Tainstvennaia strast’(Secret Passion) 12

Akunin, Boris x

Al′chuk, Anna 409

Aleksandrov 370

Alekseev, Aleksandr 215

Aleshina, Tatiana 380

Alkonost Publishing House 140

All-Russia Union of Poets 129

Alter, Robert 64, 71, 73, 84

Al′tman, Natan 69

Alvarez, A. 50, 165

America 45, 47, 115

American 25, 29, 33, 43, 49, 54, 61, 83, 157, 158, 159, 160, 166, 173, 175, 177, 181, 182, 183, 185, 186, 189, 190, 191, 194, 202, 292, 307, 334, 335, 357, 377, 387, 397, 399, 405

Andrushchenko, E. 146

Anemone, Anthony 388

Anglo-American 25, 158, 160, 166, 189, 191

Anglo-Irish 181

Anglophone 293

Anglo-Soviet relations viii

Ankudinov, K. 283, 335

Annenkov, Iurii 140

Annenskii, Inokentii 33, 207, 234, 313, 316, 317

Anning, Nicholas J. 193

Anninskii, Lev 285

anthology 2, 36, 37, 40, 108, 135, 147, 161, 163, 187, 202, 206, 213, 218, 219, 226, 242, 269, 270, 271, 277, 278, 289, 310, 330, 332, 335, 336, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 346, 347, 351, 359, 373, 383, 410

Antokol′skii, Pavel 270

Apollinaire, Guillaume 162

Apollonian and Dionysian 153

Aragon, Louis 306
‘Charlot mystique’ 306

Aranovich, Semen 71

Arbenina, Diana 59

archives 3, 6, 12, 58, 154, 160, 195, 265, 266, 267, 268, 283

Arendt, Hannah 299

Ar′ev, Andrei 316, 377, 378, 379

Aristotle 239

Arkhangel′skii, Aleksandr 120

Arkhangelsk region 43

Arland, Marcel 319

Art Deco 302, 303, 305, 306, 309

Arts and Humanities Research Council vii, viii, x

Aseev, Nikolai 29, 76, 103, 270

Asmus, Valentin 137

Astaf′ev, Viktor 337

Astrachan, Anthony 50

Atamanova, E. 216

Auden, W. H. 50, 167

audience 14, 18, 28, 42, 148, 169, 191, 196, 213, 248, 286, 301, 329, 333, 365, 388, 409, 410. See also readers

avant-garde 90, 302, 412

Avramenko, Al′bert 149

Azadovski, Konstantin 79

Azarova, Natal′ia 409

Azarov, Iurii 206, 224

Azhgikhina, Nadezhda 4

Babich, Pavel 335

Bagritskii, Eduard 161

Baimukhametov, Sergei 220

Baines, Jennifer 157, 165, 174, 176, 186, 188

Baker, Houston 357

Bakhtin, Mikhail 153, 384, 385
dialogicity 384, 385, 389
dialogic 20, 312
polyphony 39, 385
polyphonic 153, 384

Balina, Marina 28

Bal′mont, Konstantin 27, 47, 124, 127, 289, 371

Barannikov, Anatolii 108, 110, 211

Baratynskii, Evgenii 196, 310
‘Piroskaf’ (‘Steamship’) 310

Barker, Adele 10, 11, 242

Barkova, Anna 247
‘Durochka’ (‘The Fool’) 247

Barkovskaya, Nina 14, 15

Barskova, Polina 420

Barthes, Roland 23, 65

Basilova, Alena 254

Basinskii, Pavel 384

Basovskaia, Evgeniia 111

Bayley, John 164, 167, 174, 175, 177, 179

Bednyi, Dem′ian 285, 290

Beevor, Anthony 193

Beketova, M. A. 138

Bekmambetov, Eksender 59, 148

Bek, Tat′iana 283, 284, 286

Bel′chevichen, S. P. 146

Bel′chikov, N. F. 126

Belen′kii, Gennadii 109, 210, 211, 212

Belinskii, Vissarion 239, 362, 366

Belkina, A. 161

Bell, Alexander Graham 184, 303

belletristika (middlebrow literature) 302

Belov, Vasilii 337

Belyi, Andrei 33, 124, 127, 132, 147, 153, 161, 270, 416

Bem, Al′fred 299, 310, 313

Benjamin, Walter 18, 299

Berdiaev, Nikolai 139

Berestov, Valentin 206

Berggol′ts, Ol′ga 288, 341

Beriozkina, Patricia 67

Berlin 178, 301

Berlin, Isaiah 63, 64, 65, 72, 87, 91, 92, 182, 185

Bern 84, 318

Bethea, David 44

Beumers, Birgit 249

Bezrodnyi, M. 161

Bhabha, Homi 295

Biblioteka poeta (The Poet’s Library) 31, 36, 195

Binet, Laurent 193
HHhH 193

biography 23, 43, 45, 46, 47, 51, 52, 54, 55, 58, 62, 65, 67, 71, 84, 87, 97, 101, 103, 104, 181, 191, 198, 220, 268, 272, 369, 377, 378, 379

Bliznetsova, Ina 335

Blok, Aleksandr 7, 18, 33, 34, 40, 68, 73, 82, 100, 102, 109, 113, 120, 123, 124, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 164, 170, 186, 196, 203, 207, 211, 213, 222, 388
Collected Verse 152
Collected Works 137
‘Devushka pela v tserkovnom khore’ (‘A Girl Sang in a Church Choir’) 148
Diaries 137
‘Druz
iam’(‘To My Friends’) 136
Dvenadtsat’(The Twelve) 134, 135, 143, 149, 150
‘Fabrika’ (‘The Factory’) 131
‘Golos iz khora’ (‘A Voice from the Chorus’) 132
Gorod (The City) 131
‘Ia prigvozhden k traktirnoi stoike’ (‘I Am Nailed to the Bar in the Tavern’) 133
‘I vnov’ — poryvy iunykh let’(‘And Again — The Impulses of Youth’) 132
‘Miry letiat.
Goda letiat’ (‘Worlds fly past. Years fly past’) 132
Na pole Kulikovom (On the Field of Kulikovo) 131
Narod i intelligentsia (The People and the Intelligentsia) 132
‘Na zheleznoi doroge’ (‘On the Railway’) 109, 131
‘Neznakomka’ (‘The Unknown Woman’) 131, 140
‘O naznachenii poeta’ (‘On the Poet’ s Calling’) 129
‘O, vesna bez kontsa i bez kraiu’ (‘Oh, Spring Without an End and Without a Limit’) 132
Pesnia sud′by (Song of Fate) 145
‘Pliaski smerti’ (‘Dances of Death’) 132
Rodina (Native Land) 131, 145
‘Rossiia’ (‘Russia’) 131
‘Rus′’ (‘Russia’) 140
‘Skify’ (‘The Scythians’) 133, 134
Stikhi o Prekrasnoi dame (Verses on the Beautiful Lady) 131, 153
‘V chas, kogda p′ianeiut nartsissy’ (‘In the Hour when Narcissi are Intoxicated’) 133
Vozmezdie (Retribution) 133

Blokh, Raisa 297

Bloom, Harold 72, 124, 293, 357

Bobyshev, Dmitrii 5, 334, 335, 345

Bodin, Per-Arne 227, 247

Bogdanov, Aleksandr 384

Bogomolov, N. A. 161, 378

Boiko, Svetlana 54

Bokov, Viktor 206

Boldyrev, Iurii 268, 270, 276, 277, 278

Bolshevik 10, 127, 128, 129, 135, 139, 148, 152, 178, 239, 287, 378

Bolshevik Revolution 10, 128, 133, 134, 135, 143, 150, 178, 193, 210, 220, 265, 326, 362, 378, 379

Bolshevo 370

bol′shoi stil′ (grand style) 267

Bolton, Kerry 356

Bondarenko, Vladimir 285

Bonfel′d, Moris 53

Bonnefoy, Yves 165

Borisova, N. V. 216, 217, 223

Boroditskaia, Marina 195

Bouis, Antonina W. 71, 230

Bourdieu, Pierre 65, 66, 125, 148

Bowra, Maurice 161

Boym, Svetlana 64, 240, 294, 360, 361

Bozhnev, Boris 297, 320, 327

Braque, Georges 162

Braudy, Leo 65, 68, 250

Braun, Rebecca 71

Brecht, Bertolt 18

Brezhnev, Leonid 143, 145, 271

Brezhnev era 145

Brik, Lili 103, 114, 115, 116, 119, 282

Brik, Osip 26, 96, 103, 282

Britain 41, 173

British 159, 165, 168, 173, 174, 177, 178, 181, 186, 247, 293, 366

British Isles 293

Briusov, Valeri 33, 102, 124, 127, 128, 204, 207, 213, 299, 374
Dali (Horizons) 128
Speshi! (Hurry up!) 128

Brodskii, Iosif (Brodsky, Joseph) 5, 21, 36, 38, 39, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 66, 80, 83, 158, 159, 160, 165, 167, 169, 171, 175, 180, 186, 188, 189, 190, 191, 193, 194, 196, 198, 218, 229, 268, 273, 274, 279, 282, 283, 287, 332, 333, 334, 337, 338, 339, 340, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352, 353, 360, 361, 368, 369, 384, 401, 402, 403, 404, 407, 408, 416
American Poet Laureate 43
‘Bosnia Tune’ 401
‘Brodskiimania’ 45, 46, 56, 61
‘Niotkuda s liubov′iu’ (‘Out of Nowhere with Love’) 59
‘Ot okraini k tsentru’ (‘From the Margins to the Mainstream’) 59, 60
‘Pis′mo v oazis’ (‘Letter to an Oasis’) 55
Potomu chto iskusstvo poezii trebuet slov: vecher-posviashchenie Iosifu Brodskomu (Because the Art of Poetry Requires Words: An Evening Dedicated to Joseph Brodsky) 57

Broitman, S. N. 146

‘Bronze Age’ 353

Brooker, Peter 18

Brooks, Jeffrey 362

Brown, Archie 177

Brown, Clarence 128, 161, 164, 165, 166, 167, 171, 177, 183, 184, 185, 187, 197, 332

Brown, Deming 265, 266, 333

Brown, Edward 333

Bruskin, Grisha 422

Bulgakov, Mikhail 114, 120, 362
Master and Margarita 362

Buneeva, Ekaterina 210

Buneev, Rustem 210

Bunin, Ivan 39, 47, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 270
I. A. Bunin Elets State University 216
‘Buninskaia Rossiia’ (‘Bunin’ s Russia’) 216, 223
Ivan Bunin Literary Prize 215
Okaiannye dni (Cursed Days) 220
Pod otkrytym nebom. Stikhotvoreniia (Under the Open Sky. Poems) 204
Sobranie sochinenii (Collected Works) 205
Stikhotvoreniia. 1903–1906 (Poems. 1903–1906) 203, 204
‘Sviatogor i Il′ia’ (‘Sviatogor and Il′ia’) 210
‘Zmeia’ (‘Snake’) 210

Burbank, Jane 145

Burke, S. 65

Burliuk, David 101, 102, 113, 119, 142

Burukina, A. F. 153

Bykov, Dmitrii 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 41, 42, 91, 249, 337
‘Skazka prodolzhaetsia’ 15, 16
Sovetskaia literatura: kratkii kurs (Soviet Literature: A Short Course) 42
Sovetskaia literatura: rasshirennyi kurs (Soviet Literature: Extended Course) 42

Cambridge 168

canon formation 2, 4, 5, 10, 36, 64, 74, 79, 82, 84, 125, 158, 187, 201, 202, 203, 208, 211, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 222, 224, 227, 228, 330, 344, 351, 357, 358, 360, 379, 395, 398, 416
canon change 1, 2
canonical diversity 2, 29, 293
dogmatic approach 2, 99, 111, 112
model 8, 10, 43, 65, 68, 71, 87, 88, 121, 192, 201, 202, 203, 206, 208, 211, 214, 215, 216, 217, 221, 222, 226, 265, 305, 360, 393, 408, 412
reshaping 1, 3, 6, 9, 38, 44, 47, 52, 379

canonical status 2, 5, 44, 45, 50, 53, 54, 62, 64, 68, 71, 72, 73, 80, 88, 92, 114, 124, 142, 157, 159, 173, 176, 197, 201, 207, 208, 220, 226, 249, 252, 255, 269, 300, 301, 302, 305, 327, 328, 346, 348, 350, 352, 353, 376, 378, 388, 400, 417

Carlisle, Olga 50, 182, 329, 333

Catullus 381

Cavanagh, Clare 26, 43, 78, 79, 83, 84, 161, 384

Celan, Paul 158, 159, 166

censorship 2, 3, 4, 6, 25, 79, 86, 130, 138, 146, 183, 184, 208, 240, 274, 287, 289, 330, 331, 366, 386, 387

Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union 28

Chalmaev, Viktor 211

Chamberlain, Lesley 127

Chambers, Ross 375

Chaplin, Charlie 307

Chatwin, Bruce 176, 177

Chekhov, Anton x, 41, 72, 207

Cherdyn’163, 199

Cherez 303

chernukha 243, 244

Chernysheva, Veronika 221

Chernyshevskii, Nikolai 366

Chervinskaia, Lydiia 297, 324, 325, 327
Priblizheniia (Approaches) 324
Rassvety (Sunrises) 324

Chichibabin, Boris 335

China 364

Chinnov, Igor'297, 326, 327

Chisla 302

Chistopol’369

Chizhevskii, Dmitrii 366

Christ 84, 88, 134, 151, 237, 246

Christian 88, 150, 167, 172, 233, 237, 246, 278

Christianity 154

Christian, Nicole 88, 150, 167, 172, 233, 237, 246, 278

Christians 241

Christiansen, Broder 36

Christmas 57, 246

Chudakov, Aleksandr 25

Chudakova, Marietta 25, 361

Chukhontsev, Oleg 199, 267, 268, 341, 345

Chukovskaia, Lidiia 70, 85, 86

Chukovskii, Konstantin 102

Chukovskii, Kornei 129, 140, 195

Chulkov, G. I. 138

Church Slavonic 398, 400

Clark, Wilma 8, 360

clichés 18, 29, 251, 381, 402

Clingman, Stephen 311

Clowes, Edith W. 21, 367, 368, 370

Coetzee, J. M. 184, 191, 192

Cold War 41, 49, 50, 158, 160, 174, 181, 183, 184

Colin, Andrew 207

Collomb, Michel 306

Cologne 276

Communism 28, 29, 46, 86, 124, 127, 267, 272, 273, 274, 275, 279, 356

Communist Party 28, 46, 59, 127, 130, 131, 267, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 329, 356, 360

Communist Party Conference 130

Communist Party of the Russian Federation 356

conceptualism 18, 32, 282, 344, 350, 420, 422
Russian conceptualism 18

constructivism 279, 281, 282, 284

Contemporary Russian Poetry 14, 242, 335, 343, 344, 346

Cornwell, Neil 228, 333, 341, 351
Reference Guide to Russian Literature 228, 351

Costello, D. P. 183

Costlow, Jane ix

critical theory 170

critics 5, 8, 23, 24, 25, 27, 29, 31, 32, 33, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 42, 46, 87, 125, 134, 136, 147, 155, 162, 165, 168, 169, 175, 177, 190, 198, 202, 204, 205, 208, 212, 223, 276, 283, 297, 299, 318, 330, 342, 348, 351, 353, 358, 359, 360, 361, 364, 366, 367, 370, 375, 376, 379, 380, 383, 389, 390, 405, 409

Crowley, Edward L. 333

culture 20

Culture 361

curriculum 95, 97, 99, 105, 108, 109, 112, 120, 121, 135, 139, 143, 148, 208, 209, 212, 213, 214, 215, 327, 357, 362

Cyrillic 250, 403

Dada 303

Dadaism 302, 303

Danin, Daniil 265, 273, 274

Dante 62, 72, 171, 172, 173, 178, 238, 381

Dark, Oleg 246, 272, 275, 276, 281

Darwin, Charles 82, 169

Dashevskii, Grigorii 398, 399

Davenport, Guy 164, 165

David (Bible) 155, 181, 251

Davie, Donald 166, 174, 191, 192, 193

Davies, Jesse 68

Dawkins, Richard 80

‘Day of Russian Culture’ 363

Decembrists 126

de Chirico, Giorgio 162

Degot ′, Ekaterina 421

Deleuze, Gilles 23

demonism 145, 149

Denisov, Aleksei 222

Denisova, Maria 114

Den′narodnogo edinstva (Day of Popular Unity) 378

Den’Poezii (Poetry Day) 162

Depretto, Katrin 25

Derrida, Jacques 23

Derzhavin, Gavrila 155, 191, 284, 287, 420

de-Stalinisation 329, 330, 334, 347, 369, 372

Diaghilev, Sergei 366

diaspora 38, 41, 160, 289, 290, 291, 292, 295, 299, 301, 305, 308, 310, 315, 325, 326, 362, 363, 364, 365, 367, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 383, 389, 405
diasporic narratives 292, 294
diasporic studies 294

Dinega, Alyssa W. 77

D’Israeli, Isaac 125

Dmitriev, A. 390

Dobrenko, Evgeny 19, 24, 27, 28, 312, 420

Dobroliubov, Nikolai 366

Doherty, Justin 301

Dolgopolov, Leonid 150

Dolinin, V. 226

Donne, John 53

Dostoevskii, Fedor (Dostoevsky, Fyodor) x, 41, 71, 72, 102, 135, 222, 231, 232, 233, 244, 390
Crime and Punishment 232
Raskol′nikov 232, 233
Sonia Marmeladova 232

Dovlatov, Sergei 58

Zapovednik (Pushkin Hills) 58

Dragomoshchenko, Arkadii 226, 238, 387, 398, 401

Driz, Ovsei 280

Dubrovina, Elena 380

Dudin, Mikhail 331

Duffy, Carol Ann 247

Dugin, Aleksandr 392

Dymshits, Aleksandr 31, 33

Eagleton, Terry 83, 157

Easter 233, 234, 237, 244

Eastern Europe 64, 270

Economist, The 172

editors 2, 22, 36, 138, 201, 211, 212, 213, 225, 226, 227, 302, 304, 344, 352, 359, 366, 420

Edmond, Jacob 401, 420

education 2, 11, 41, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 102, 108, 109, 110, 112, 120, 121, 125, 126, 127, 130, 135, 136, 139, 147, 214, 301, 339

Efremov, Mikhail 13, 14, 16, 219

Eikhenbaum, Boris 25, 26, 70, 384
‘Melodika russkogo liricheskogo stikha’ (‘The Melody of Russian Lyric Verse’) 25
Moi vremennik (My Chronicle) 25

Eisenstadt, S. N. 88

Eksteins, Modris 326

Elabuga 369, 370, 371, 390

Elets 220

Eliot, T. S. 72, 162, 166, 167, 170, 171, 172
‘The Waste Land’ 167

Eliseev, Nikita 274, 277

Elliot, David 131

Ellis, Frank 4

émigré 4, 24, 26, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 44, 54, 62, 157, 162, 163, 164, 178, 195, 201, 208, 213, 224, 268, 270, 281, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 305, 310, 312, 313, 316, 319, 324, 326, 327, 328, 334, 335, 336, 342, 343, 345, 347, 353, 356, 357, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 365, 366, 367, 368, 371, 372, 373, 374, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 382, 384, 386, 387, 389, 390. See also Russia Abroad
apatrides (stateless persons) 302
authors 268, 328, 359, 363, 366, 367, 372, 389
circles 164
critics 162, 299, 366
emigration 2, 86, 127, 128, 157, 205, 210, 212, 213, 223, 247, 254, 296, 300, 305, 311, 327, 337, 347, 373, 376, 389, 390, 393, 405
poets 3, 334
Russian Parisian 297, 303
writers 291, 301, 371

Engdahl, Horace 214

Engels, Friedrich 202

Engelstein, Laura ix, 66

England 24, 179

English 53, 55, 59, 157, 160, 162, 163, 164, 165, 169, 181, 182, 184, 186, 187, 188, 190, 192, 195, 196, 227, 242, 333, 344, 351, 357, 368, 398, 399, 400, 401, 402, 405, 407

English metaphysical poetry 53

Engström, Maria 355, 392

Epshtein, Mikhail (Epstein, Mikhail) 31, 32, 241, 380, 381

Eremin, Mikhail 238, 396, 397, 398, 412, 423
‘Neudivitelen, kogda zaliv podoben arsenalu’ (‘Unsurprising, when a gulf resembles an arsenal’) 396

Stikhotvoreniia (Poems) 396

Erenburg, Il′ia 162, 195, 271

Erhart, W. D. 183

Erlich, Victor 24

Ermilov, Vladimir 104

Erofeev, V. 147, 229, 378

Ershov, L. F. 331, 333

Esenin, Sergei 9, 15, 100, 115, 135, 140, 141, 148, 161, 222, 374

Estonia 24, 25

estrada (podium) poets 329, 333, 338, 339, 340, 342, 345, 347, 353

Etkind, Efim 47, 51, 147, 226, 290, 356, 373, 374, 375
‘Russian Twentieth-century Poetry As a Single Movement’ 373

Eurasian 22, 358, 392

Eurasianist 392

Euripides 72

Europe 64, 72, 158, 170, 172, 180, 270, 312, 319, 325

European x, 17, 24, 35, 157, 160, 175, 186, 193, 194, 226, 238, 291, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 313, 319, 326, 327, 356, 366, 367, 368, 374, 377, 381, 390, 405

Evtushenko, Evgenii 12, 13, 15, 17, 30, 37, 50, 135, 206, 218, 266, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 335, 337, 339, 340, 341, 343, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348, 351, 375, 383
Strofy veka (Stanzas of the Century) 37, 218

exile 20, 39, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 49, 50, 51, 54, 55, 58, 60, 163, 168, 172, 173, 175, 200, 213, 289, 291, 294, 297, 298, 299, 300, 302, 311, 312, 316, 319, 326, 340, 403
exilic condition 294
exilic narratives 294

Ezhov Terror 84

Facebook 410

Fadeev, Aleksandr 100

Fainlight, Ruth 170, 171

Falikman, Mariia 196

Falikov, Il′ia 271, 273, 274, 276, 282, 283

Fanailova, Elena 39, 416, 418, 419, 420, 422
‘Lena i Lena’ (‘Lena and Lena’) 419
‘Lena i liudi’ (‘Lena and the People’) 419

Federal′ noe agenstvo po pechati i massovym kommunikatsiiam (Federal Agency for Press and Mass Communications) 220

Fediakin, Sergei 218, 221

Fedorovskii, Natan 57

Fedorov, Vasilii 331

Fedotov, Georgii 38, 298

feminism 242, 248, 292

Fenton, James 171, 172

Feodosiia 370

Fet, Afanasii 27, 33, 111

Fiedler, Leslie 357

Figner, Vera 126

Filippov, B. A. 163, 164, 166

Finland 129

Fitzpatrick, Sheila 7, 85, 86

Fleishman, Lazar'157, 161

Flejshman, L. 76

Fleming, Mike 212, 213

Fofanov, Konstantin 146

Fokin, Pavel 77

Fontannyi Dom 63, 92

formalism 2, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 32, 35, 89
Russian formalism 22, 24, 25, 32

Fowler, Alastair 3, 125, 130, 153, 359, 360

France 24, 47, 176, 181, 186, 296, 312, 364, 368, 370, 371, 375, 376, 378, 405

France, Peter 333

Frangulian, Georgii 60

Frankel, Edith 167, 177

Frank, Semen 139

free speech 4, 179

Freidin, Gregory 68, 177, 192, 196
A Coat of Many Colors 68, 177, 192

French 158, 166, 303, 304, 312, 319, 366, 371, 405

Freud, Sigmund 243

Friedberg, Maurice 29

Frolova, Elena 59

Frukhtman, Lev 280

Fundamental Electronic Library of Russian Literature and Folklore (FEB) 361, 362

futurism 24, 32, 71, 76, 126, 158, 238, 276, 279, 281, 283, 284, 347, 374, 396, 412

Gadaev, Lazar 199

Galcheva, Tania 300

Galich, Aleksandr 333, 339

Gal′, Iurii 34

Gamzatov, Rasul 338

Gandel′sman, Vladimir 193, 335, 349

Gandlevskii, Sergei 19, 58

Gasparov, Boris 64, 128, 137, 138, 177, 190, 249, 284, 336, 383

Gatarapak 303

Gathmann, Moritz 13

Gazdanov, Gaito
‘O molodoi emigrantskoi literature’ (‘On young émigré literature’) 302

Gazdanov, Gaïto 295, 302, 328

generation 11, 38, 40, 49, 121, 127, 144, 155, 157, 174, 189, 196, 228, 229, 240, 270, 271, 273, 290, 291, 295, 298, 301, 319, 326, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 336, 340, 341, 346, 347, 348, 349, 350, 352, 353, 380, 381, 383, 385, 388, 391
lost generation 298, 385
new generation 196, 240, 331
older generation 11, 127, 189, 270, 291, 331, 336
poetic generation 353
post-Soviet generation 121
post-war generation 228, 380

Generation 332

Genette, Gérard 70, 77, 78

epitext 70

Genis, Alexander A. 381

German 57, 129, 143, 158, 188, 276, 277, 366, 368, 415

German Junior, Aleksei 18, 388, 389

Garpastum 18, 388

Germany 24, 370, 418

Gershtein, Emma 197

Gheith, Jehanne 242

Gifford, Henry 165, 167, 169, 171, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 180, 193, 197

Gill, Graeme 391

Ginzburg, Lidiia 32, 33, 64, 173, 180, 250

O lirike (On Lyric Poetry) 32

Gippius, Zinaida 5, 47, 124, 127, 128, 146, 204, 289, 290, 291, 299, 301

Siianiia (Radiance) 299

Glad, John 44, 326
Conversations in Exile: Russian Writers Abroad 44

glasnost' 44, 147, 157, 164, 265, 289

Glazkov, Nikolai 336

Glazova, Anna 398, 417

Glazunova, Ol′ga 142, 219

Glazunov, Il′ia 142

Glinin, Gennadii 149, 153

gnostic 149

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 155, 158, 381

Gogol', Nikolai 135, 150, 239, 244, 366, 422

Vii 150

Golden Age 20, 21, 206, 249, 353

Golding, Alan 202, 206, 357

Goldstein, Darra 250

Goliath 181

Golubkov, V. V. 131

Gölz, C. 76

Gomolitskii, Lev 315

Good Friday 234, 236, 237

Google 250

Gorak, Jan 357, 358

Gorbachev, Oleg 13, 44, 147, 265, 271

Gorbanevskaia, Natal′ia 334, 345, 398

Gorelik, Petr 266, 269, 270, 277, 279

Goricheva, Tatiana 226, 253

Gor′kii Literary Institute 30, 281, 283

Gor′kii Literary Institute 30

Gor′kii, Maxim 27, 30, 99, 100, 102, 105, 107, 113, 119, 120, 126, 129, 207, 379
‘Chelovek’ (‘Human’) 102

Gorodnitskii, Aleksandr 344

Goscilo, Helena 70, 250

Goshko, John 50

Gray, Camilla 411

Grazhdanin poet (Citizen Poet) 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 41, 42, 249

Graziadei, Caterina 56

Great Patriotic War 100

Grebenshchikov, Boris 22

Grechanik, I. V. 152

Greene, James 164, 165, 174

Gribachev, Nikolai 206

Grigor′eva, Ol′ga 371
‘Vstretimsia u Mariny’ (‘We’ ll see each other at Marina’s place’) 371

Grinberg, Marat 266, 267, 271, 276, 277, 278, 279, 284

Grishakova, Marina 8

Grishunin, A. N. 138

Gromov, Pavel 137

Gronas, Mikhail 79, 80, 82, 83

Grossman, Joan 67, 193, 266

Groys, Boris 90

Gubaidulina, Sofia 368, 369, 373, 408

Gubanov, Leonid 17, 254

Guillén, Claudio 297

Guillory, John 79, 82, 84, 85, 125, 357, 358

Gulag 34, 37, 38, 245, 336, 347, 369

Gulag poetry 34, 37

Gulag writers 347

Gumilev, Nikolai 66, 84, 87, 161, 162, 207, 210, 282, 313, 369, 374, 379, 388
‘Ia i vy’ (‘Me and You’) 313
‘Zabludivshiisia tramvai’ (‘The Tram That Lost Its Way’) 313
‘Zmei’ (‘Dragon’) 210

Guro, Elena 374

Gusman, Mikhail 356

Gustafson, Richard 33

Hackel, Sergei 134, 136, 138

The Poet and the Revolution 134

Hagglund, Roger 297

Haight, Amanda 70, 80

Hamlet 76, 136, 248, 319

Hampstead 165

Hansen-Löve, A. A. 76

Harrington, Alexandra vii, 40, 66, 67, 71, 90

Harris, Jane Gary 164, 169

Hassan, Ihab 381

Havlena, William 11

Hawkins, Peter 172

Haynes, Kenneth 162, 176

Hayward, Max 3, 79, 184, 333

Heaney, Seamus 159, 160, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 175, 176, 177, 178, 186, 187, 189, 190
The Redress of Poetry 178

Hebrew 278

Heldt, Barbara 228, 242

Heller, Michael 401

Hemschemeyer, Judith 63, 142

Herbert, Zbigniew 176, 178

Herzen, Aleksandr 126

Hesiod 72

Heydrich, Reinhard 193

Hicks, J. 179

hierarchical 15, 331

hierarchy 10, 17, 203, 205, 218, 223

high culture 7, 17, 18, 26, 132, 159, 166, 357

Hill, Geoffrey 162, 170, 174, 176, 179, 180, 191

Hingley, Ronald 167, 174, 177

history 5, 6, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 22, 23, 27, 33, 44, 46, 52, 57, 63, 64, 65, 79, 85, 98, 103, 118, 125, 126, 130, 134, 138, 139, 154, 155, 157, 158, 160, 161, 167, 170, 171, 173, 178, 181, 185, 186, 191, 195, 198, 199, 202, 222, 223, 245, 250, 265, 274, 287, 288, 289, 292, 296, 302, 326, 333, 337, 338, 340, 341, 343, 344, 345, 349, 350, 351, 352, 353, 357, 360, 363, 364, 367, 368, 370, 378, 379, 383, 385, 386, 388, 389, 390, 395, 399
cultural 52, 64, 185
human 134
literary 5, 44, 46, 63, 157, 158, 170, 195, 223, 287, 289
national 5
recent 6
Russian 5, 63, 65, 390
shared 12, 370
twentieth-century 12, 367, 378

Hodgson, Aaron 38

Hodgson, Aaron Tregellis viii

Hodgson, Katharine vii, 39, 40, 334, 336, 341, 342

Hogarth, William 396, 397

Holak, Susan 11

Hollander, Jean 172

Hollander, Robert 172

Holmgren, Beth 85, 89, 250

Holocaust 267, 277, 278

Holthusen, Johannes 333

holy fool 179, 249

Holy Spirit 151

Homer 72
Iliad 155

homo economicus 391

homo soveticus 391

Hood, Stuart 167

Hopgood, James F. 70, 88, 253

Horace 72, 199, 381

Hosking, Geoffrey 333

Hudson Review 164

Hughes, Robert 162, 249

Hunt, Priscilla 247

Hutcheon, Linda 14, 365

Huyssen, Andreas 17, 18

Iagoda, Genrikh 79

Iakor′ (Anchor) 299, 300, 310, 311, 315

Iakovleva, Tat′iana 104, 115

Iakovlevna, Nadezhda 179, 195, 197

Iakubovich, Petr 126, 204

Iampolskii, Mikhail 327

Ianechek, Dzheral′d 421

Iashin, Aleksandr 337

Iazyki russkoi kul′tury (Languages of Russian Culture) 25

identity 2, 6, 11, 12, 17, 21, 28, 41, 78, 85, 86, 88, 112, 124, 132, 154, 166, 214, 267, 268, 276, 277, 278, 279, 290, 291, 292, 294, 295, 298, 311, 334, 355, 356, 359, 362, 363, 364, 368, 370, 371, 382, 384, 390, 394
collective identity 17, 41
crisis of identity 21
cultural identity 11, 154, 295, 394
diasporic identity 294, 311
identity formation 28
national identity 112, 124, 291, 292, 294, 295, 355, 359, 362, 363, 368, 370, 384, 390
poetic identity 166, 290, 298
post-Soviet identity 12, 368
Russian identity 41, 356, 370, 390
shared identity 6, 12, 132
Soviet identity 12, 368
transnational identity 355, 382

ideology 3, 4, 17, 20, 25, 32, 85, 96, 97, 98, 99, 125, 130, 135, 138, 143, 174, 178, 181, 202, 208, 272, 273, 274, 275, 290, 293, 306, 326, 365, 368, 386, 387, 389, 394
Bolshevik 287
communist 8, 40, 87, 131, 178, 193, 212, 267, 273, 275, 276, 279, 286, 287, 334, 355, 363, 369, 373, 391
glamour 40
political 267, 276, 363
Russophile 355
Soviet 334, 363, 369, 373
totalitarian 193
utopian 391

Ignatieff, Michael 183, 184, 192

Ignatova, Elena 378

Igosheva, T. V. 152

Il′enkov, A. I. 153

Il Flauto Magico (The Magic Flute).

See Die Zauberflöte

Il′in′, Ivan 356

Imlah, Mick 173

Imperial Russia 243, 362

India 293

Institute of the Living Word 375

internet 4, 6, 7, 13, 37, 84, 335, 358, 361, 384, 394, 401, 420

Iron Curtain 161, 184, 193

Isakovskii, Mikhail 29, 337

Iskander, Fazil 340

Iskrenko, Nina 227

Israel ix

Istoriia russkoi sovetskoi literatury (The History of Russian Soviet Literature) 331

Italian 92, 158, 415

Iunost′(Youth) 30

Iupp, Mikhail 335

Ivanova, Natal′ia 91, 223, 296, 300, 372, 373, 377, 378, 380

Ivanov, Boris 377

Ivanov, Georgii 36, 38, 47, 74, 124, 127, 140, 147, 196, 203, 226, 233, 240, 247, 281, 289, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 313, 315, 316, 373, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 382, 384, 385
‘Bez chitatelia’ (‘Without a Reader’) 301
‘Raspad atoma’ (‘Disintegration of an Atom’) 300, 301
Rozy (Roses) 299

Ivanovskaia, Ariadna 332

Ivanov, Viacheslav 300
‘Rimskie sonety’ (‘Roman Sonnets’) 300
‘Rimskii dnevnik’ (‘Roman Diary’) 300

Jacoff, Rachel 172

Jaffe, Aaron 66

Jakobson, Roman 26, 416

Janecek, Gerald 405, 407, 412, 415

Janus 382

Jazz Age 303, 305, 306

Jesus 134, 135, 150, 233, 236, 246

Jew 277

Jewish 40, 253, 267, 268, 276, 277, 278, 279, 353

Jews 267, 277

Johnson, Barbara 417

Johnson, Randal 66, 330, 418

Jonah 246

Jones, Elli 119

Josipovici, Gabriel 171

Joyce, James 167
Ulysses 167

Kafka, Franz 72

Kahn, Andrew viii, 5, 39, 47, 162, 163, 173, 176

Kaiser, Robert 50

Kalomirov, A. 240

Kama river 369

Kamenev, Lev 130, 134

Kaminskaia, N. 70

Kaminsky, Ilya 402, 403, 404, 405, 407, 408
Dancing in Odessa 403, 404

Kapovich, Katia 401

Karabchievskii, Iurii 118
Voskresenie Maiakovskogo (Maiakovskii’s Resurrection) 118

Karakulina, Natalia viii

Karelia 60

Karlinsky, Simon 304, 366

Karpov, Anatolii 117, 118, 119

Karpovich, M. M. 367

Kataeva, Tamara 40, 77, 90, 91
Abolition of Slavery 40, 90, 91
Anti-Akhmatova 40, 90, 91

Katanian, Vasilii 104

Kates, J. 335
In the Grip of Strange Thoughts 335, 343, 344, 346

Kazakov, Iurii 337

Kelly, Aileen 177

Kelly, Catriona 64, 66, 68, 83, 145, 242, 248, 249

Kemp-Welch, Anthony 139

Kermode, Frank 64, 71, 74, 82, 83, 84, 88, 187, 228

Ketchian, Sonia 78, 189

Khagi, Sofya 19, 20

Khanzen-Lieve, Oge 25

Khardzhiev, Nikolai 195

Kharitonov, M. 147

Khar′kov 270, 280, 282, 285

Kharms, Daniil 22, 148, 350, 394, 412

Khlebnikov, Velimir 101, 102, 113, 119, 158, 161, 164, 170, 189, 198, 270, 282, 284, 374, 376

Khodasevich, Vladislav 47, 162, 207, 270, 276, 289, 299, 300, 301, 302, 307, 327, 367, 373, 374, 377, 388, 389, 390
‘Ballada’ (‘Ballad’) 307
‘Evropeiskaia noch ′’ (‘The European Night’) 300
‘Literatura v izgnanii’ (‘Literature in Exile’) 302
Sobranie stikhov (Collection of Poems) 300

Kholin, Igor'281

Khrushchev, Nikita 138, 195, 275, 329, 330, 333, 345, 349, 353. See also Thaw

Khrzhanovskii, Andrei 58
Poltora kota (A Cat and a Half) 58
Poltory komnaty, ili sentimental′ noe puteshestvie na Rodinu (A Room and a Half, or a Sentimental Journey to the Homeland) 58

Kibirov, Timur 18, 19, 20, 21, 382
Kogda byl Lenin malen′kim (When Lenin Was a Little Boy) 18
‘Letnie razmyshleniia o sud′bakh iziashchnoi slovesnosti’ (‘Summer Reflections on the Fate of Belles Lettres’) 20
Santimenty (Sentiments) 19

Kiev 392

Kim, Iulii 339, 344

Kirsanov, Semen 29

Kliachkin, Evgenii 59

Kliuev, Nikolai 369, 374

Kniazhitskii, Aleksandr 120

Kniazhnin, V. N. 138

Knorring, Irina 297, 313
Stikhi o sebe (Poems About Myself) 313

Knut, Dovid 297

Kobets, Svitlana 247

Koehler, Ludmila 202

Kogan, Pavel 282

Kolokol′tsev, Nikolai 106

Komaromi, Ann 124

Komarovo 92

Komar, Vitalii 32

Komitet gosudarstvennoi bezopasnosti (KGB) 43

Komsomol press 7

Kondrashov, Aleksandr 223

Konstanz school 171

Koons, Jeff 387

Korablev, Vasilii 204

Korinfskii, Apollon 204

Kormilov, S. I. 340

Korneichuk, Vladislav 219, 220

‘Kniga v provintsii i ee chitateli’ (‘Books in Russian Provinces and their Readers’) 220

Kornilov, Vladimir 276, 283, 286, 335, 345, 346

Korniukhina, A. V. 153

Koroleva, N. V. 68, 269, 329

Korostelev, Oleg 298, 299

Korzhavin, Naum 335

Kostomarova, Inna 219

Koupovykh, Maxim 35

Kovalenko, S. A. 68, 329

Kovalev, Valentin 98, 101, 103, 105, 332, 335
Russkaia sovetskaia literatura (Soviet Russian Literature) 98, 101, 105, 108, 332

Kozlov, Vladimir 55

Kozyrev, Kirill 250

Kralin, M. M. 66, 142

Krasnova, Marina 286

Krasovitskii, Stanislav 343

Krejd, Vadim (Kreid, Vadim) 297, 314, 316, 328, 377, 379, 380

Kremlin, the 30, 197

Krentsem, Thomas 57

Kreps, Vadim 335

Kriticheskaia massa (Critical Mass) 25

Krivulin, Viktor 196, 226, 227, 228, 229, 233, 240, 241, 253, 377

Kropivnitskii, Evgenii 281

KR (the Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich Romanov) 146

Kruchenykh, Aleksandr 102, 119, 374

Kruzhkov, Grigorii 181, 195, 196

Kudrova, Irma 369, 373

Kukulin, Il′ia 342, 409, 417

Kul′chitskii, Mikhail 282

Kulle, Sergei 396

kul′turnost′(culturedness) 86, 361, 362

Kuniaev, Stanislav 266, 273, 274, 277, 278, 283, 285

Kupriianova, Nina 332

Kuprin, Aleksandr 47, 102, 224

Kurdiumova, Tamara 210, 211, 212

Kushner, Aleksandr 54, 58, 329, 340, 341, 344, 345, 346, 349

Kustanovich, Konstantin 32

Kutik, Il′ia 381

Kutsenko, Gosha 18, 388

Kutuzov, Aleksandr 210

Kuz′mina-Karavaeva, Elizaveta 34, 47. See also Mat'Mariia

Kuz′min, Dmitrii 198, 335, 409

Kuzmin, Mikhail 23, 270, 374, 378

Kuz′minskii, Konstantin 335
Blue Lagoon Anthology 335

Kuznetsov, Sergei 55, 110, 111, 113, 115, 343, 345, 351

Lahusen, Thomas 19

Lak, Ellis 73, 77, 96

Language poets 401

Latin 399, 415

Latvia 24, 25, 26

Laursen, Eric 382

Lauter, Paul 10, 202

Lavrov, Aleksandr 34

Lazarenko, Galina 109, 110, 117, 118
Khrestomatiia po otechestvennoi literature XX veka (20th Century Russian Literature Reader) 117

Lazarev, Lazar'269, 280

Lebedeva, Natal′ia 91

Lebedev-Kumach, Vasilii 285

Lebedev, Vladimir 203

Lehmann-Haupt, Christopher 183

Leiderman, N. L. 74

Leningrad 30, 43, 86, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 234, 236, 237, 253, 334, 349, 396, 404

Leninist 99

Lenin, Vladimir Iliich 18, 102, 103, 105, 107, 120, 126, 129, 135, 202, 243, 366
Pamiati Gertsena (In Memory of Herzen) 126
Union for the Emancipation of Working People 126

Leonidov, Viktor 364, 365, 389 ‘Son’ (‘The Dream’) 364

Lermontov, Mikhail 33, 213, 312

Levchenko, Mariia 335

Leviathan 246

Leving, Yuri 359

Levin, Iu. D. 196

Lévi-Strauss, Claude 73

Lewin, Jane E. 70

Lewis, R. W. B. 172

Lianozovo school 267, 280, 281, 351

Liberov, Roman 57

Lipking, Lawrence 170

Lipkin, Semen 53, 54, 270, 281

Lipman, Joan 357

Lipovetsky, Mark 7, 8

Lisnianskaia, Inna 22, 345, 346, 349

literary criticism 2, 24, 153, 163, 351, 352

literary critics 46, 125, 165, 330, 342

Literaturnaia gazeta (Literary Gazette) 29

Littell, Robert 193
The Stalin Epigram 193

Litvinov, Vladimir 106
‘Literaturno-tvorcheskie sochineniia v starshikh klassakh’ (‘Creative Literary Compositions in Senior Grades’) 106

Liubimov, V. N. 129

Livak, Leonid 319

Livanov, Dmitrii 41

‘Lives of Remarkable People’ Series 379

Ljunggren, Magnus 161

Lloyd, Rosemary 124

Loewen, Donald 83, 128

Loewinsohn, Ron 304

Lominadze, Sergo 55

London 158, 165, 166, 191, 193, 228

London Review of Books, The 158, 165

Longenbach, James 401

Lootens, Tricia 63, 92, 93

Lopatin, German 126

Losev, Aleksei 137, 138, 334, 335, 340, 345, 346, 349, 389, 390, 396, 397

Losskii, Nikolai 139

Lotman, Iurii 8, 9, 10, 33, 35, 36, 41, 64, 137, 138, 139
Culture and Explosion 8

Lourie, Arthur
Dans le temple du rêve d’or (In the Sanctuary of Golden Dreams) 142

Lourié, Arthur 161

Lowell, Robert 49, 182

Luders, Harald 57

Lukomsky, Vera 369

Lunacharskii, Anatolii 127

L′vovskii, Stanislav 398, 399, 400, 401, 409, 416
Camera rostrum 399, 400, 401

Lygo, Emily viii, 30, 40, 161, 225, 241, 252, 329, 333, 334

lyric 20, 22, 26, 27, 28, 30, 31, 33, 40, 69, 75, 76, 77, 80, 142, 143, 159, 168, 182, 188, 196, 198, 234, 237, 246, 286, 315, 320, 321, 325, 334, 344, 364, 380, 382, 384, 385, 418, 419

Lyssyi, Iurii 111, 211

Lyutskanov, Yordan 14

MacFadyen, David 283, 334

Magarotto, Luigi 299

Maiakovskii, Vladimir 13, 15, 16, 32, 33, 76, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 110, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 128, 134, 135, 142, 143, 158, 161, 164, 170, 180, 238, 248, 268, 279, 281, 282, 283, 284, 287, 290, 350, 374, 394, 409, 420
‘Chelovek’ (‘The Man’) 105
‘Khorosho!’ (‘Good!’) 103, 105, 107, 117, 118, 120
‘Lilichka! Vmesto pis′ma’ (‘Lilichka! Instead of a Letter’) 104
‘Oblako v shtanakh’ (‘A Cloud in Trousers’) 105, 107, 114, 117, 118
‘Pis′mo Tat′iane Iakovlevoi’ (‘Letter to Tat′iana Iakovleva’) 104
‘Pis′mo tovarishchu Kostrovu iz Parizha o sushchnosti liubvi’ (‘Letter from Paris to Comrade Kostrov on the Nature of Love’) 104
‘Pro eto’ (‘About This’) 104
‘Rasskaz Khrenova o Kuznetskstroe i liudiakh Kuznetska’ (‘Khrenov’ s Story about the onstruction of Kuznetsk and Its Citizens’) 15
‘Skaza prodolzhaetsia’ (‘The Fairy Tale Continues’) 15, 16
‘Skripka i nemnozhko nervno’ (‘A Violin, and a Little Nervous’) 120
‘Vladimir Il′ich Lenin’ (‘Vladimir Ilyich Lenin’) 102, 103, 105, 107, 120
‘Vo ves’ golos’ (‘At the Top of My Voice’) 107

Makarevich, Andrei 58
‘Pamiati Iosifa Brodskogo’ (‘In Memory of Brodskii’) 58

Makarova, O. 179

Makin, Michael 349

Maklin, Viktor 269

Makolkin, Anna 379

Maksimov, Dmitrii 137

Malevich, Kasimir 411
‘Red Square’ 411

Mallarmé, Stéphane 123, 124, 158

Malmstad, John 162

Malykhina, Svitlana 15

Mamonov, Petr 59

Mandel′shtam, Aleksandr 199

Mandel′shtam, Nadezhda 1, 3, 67, 79, 158, 163, 168, 174, 176, 178, 179, 182, 183, 184, 189, 195, 196, 197, 253

Mandel′shtam, Osip (Mandelstam, Osip) 7, 22, 23, 31, 37, 39, 47, 69, 73, 75, 77, 78, 79, 86, 87, 119, 128, 148, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 200, 207, 238, 253, 300, 336, 350, 369, 374, 375, 388, 404
‘Chernozem’ (‘Black Earth’) 175
Chetvertaia proza (Fourth Prose) 163, 177
Complete Prose and Letters 164
‘Egipetskaia marka’ (‘Egyptian Stamp’) 404
‘Fedra’ (‘Phaedra’) 179
‘Gumanizm i sovremennost ′’ (‘Humanism and the Present’) 178
Kamen’(Stone) 162, 166, 167, 169, 176, 183, 185
‘K nemetskoi rechi’ (‘To the German Language’) 188
Mandel′shtam Centenary Conference 163
Mandel′shtamovedy (Mandel′shtam specialists) 189
‘My s toboi na kukhne posidim’ (‘We Will Sit in the Kitchen’) 182
‘My zhivem, pod soboiu ne chuiia strany...’ (‘We live without feeling the country beneath us...’) 79
‘Ne muchinistoi babochkoiu beloi’ (‘My Body, All that I Borrowed from the Earth’) 182
‘Net, ne spriatat′sia mne ot velikoi mury’ (‘No, I Cannot Escape This Grand Nonsense’) 182
‘Oda’ (‘The Stalin Ode’) 159, 187, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193
‘O prirode slova’ (‘On the Nature of the Word’) 171
‘O sobesednike’ (‘On the Interlocutor’) 171
‘Pust′imena tsvetushchikh gorodov’ (‘Let the Names of Flowering Cities’) 185
Puteshestvie v Armeniiu (Journey to Armenia) 176, 177
‘Razgovor s Dante’ (‘Conversation on Dante’) 171, 172
Shum vremeni (The Noise of Time) 176
‘Sokhrani moiu rech′’ (‘Preserve My Speech’) 182
‘Stikhi o neizvestnom soldate’ (‘Verses on an Unknown Soldier’) 159, 169, 189
‘Stikhi o russkoi poezii’ (‘The Verses on Russian Poetry’) 188
‘Sumerki svobody’ (‘Let Us Praise the Twilight of Freedom’) 177
‘the Mandel′shtam syndrome’ 193
Tristia 162, 169, 179, 188, 195
‘Umyvalsia noch′iu na dvore’ (‘I Am Washing Myself in the Night in the Courtyard’) 175
‘Vek’ (‘Century’) 193
Voronezhskie tetradi (Voronezh Notebooks) 79, 168, 188, 189
‘Vpoloborota, o pechal ′...’ (‘Half-Turning, o Grief...’) 69
‘Za gremuchiu doblest′griadushchikh vekov’ (‘For the Ringing Renown of Future Ages’) 199

Mandel′shtam, Roal′d 336, 350

Manichean philosophy 149

Manolaked, Hristo 14

Marchenko, Tat′iana 220

Margolin, Leonid 59

Market
cultural marketplace 17, 21
market conditions 4
market forces 389
post-Soviet 7
Soviet book 301

Markov, Vladimir 296

Marshall, David P. 69

Marsh, Rosalind 84

Martynov, Leonid 269, 270, 283, 331, 332, 351

martyrdom 87, 92, 172, 174, 175, 177
martyr 7, 38, 39, 67, 84, 86, 89, 173, 183, 185, 189
‘martyrology’ 84

Marxism 35, 125, 131, 179, 386

Marx, Karl 202

Mashkov, Vladimir 148

mass culture 18, 30, 79, 91, 299, 303, 305, 306, 326

Massie, Suzanne 329

Masterova, Galina 60

Mat′Mariia 34. See also Kuz′mina-Karavaeva, Elizaveta

Matskin, Aleksandr 267

Matveev, Alexei 11

Matveeva, Novella 332, 333, 344, 345, 346

Maver, Igor 292

McCauley, Karen 16

McDuff, David 164, 165, 169

McLaughlin, Martin 172

McReynolds, Louise 70

Meares, Bernard 164, 165, 167

Medish, Vadim 50

Medvedev, Roy 89, 137, 395

Meierkhol′d, Vsevolod 369

Meilakh, Mikhail 175

Meladze, Konstantin 59

Melamid, Aleksandr 32

Mel′nikov, N. 203, 207
Klassik bez retushi: Literaturnyi mir o tvorchestve I. A. Bunina (A Canonical Author Without Retouch: The Literary World on the Creative Work of I. A. Bunin) 207

memory 6, 10, 11, 12, 13, 16, 17, 19, 24, 33, 38, 41, 59, 61, 63, 65, 67, 73, 74, 78, 79, 80, 82, 83, 99, 106, 124, 142, 172, 175, 194, 202, 270, 284, 294, 323, 361, 363, 365, 367, 368, 374, 378, 381, 382, 386, 387, 391, 401
collective 6, 11, 12, 13, 17, 38, 59, 378
cultural 13, 41, 80, 361, 365, 368, 374, 381, 382
lapse 386
sites of 387
wars 365, 387

Merezhkovskii, Dmitrii 47, 123, 127, 139, 146, 147, 224, 289, 291

Merwin, W. S. 164, 165, 171, 185, 187

Mezhirov, Aleksandr 270, 283, 351

Middleton, Christopher 170

Mikhailov, O. 146, 206, 207, 221

Mikhalkov, Nikita
Russkii vybor (The Russian Choice) 364

Mikhalkov, Sergei 14, 15, 364, 365

Miller, Martin 193, 243

Milner-Gulland, Robin 158, 164, 166

Mints, Zara 33, 34, 35, 137, 138, 139, 145

Mironov, Aleksandr 226, 227

Mirzaian, Aleksandr 59

Mit′ki group 19

Miturich, Petr 282

Mjør, Kåre Johan 361, 362

Mnatsakanian, Sergei 218

Mnatsakanova, Elizaveta 39, 177, 412, 413, 414, 415, 422
‘Das Hohelied’ 412, 415

Mobile Tele-Systems (MTS) 148

Mochalov, Lev 285

modernism 2, 7, 8, 10, 17, 18, 22, 24, 26, 27, 31, 37, 73, 74, 90, 128, 138, 166, 170, 226, 249, 298, 326, 327, 366, 372, 373, 377, 381, 389, 405, 418
Russian modernism 24, 34, 72, 249, 326, 387, 408

Modigliani, Amedeo 162

Mole, Tom 66, 179

Molnar, Michael 228, 230

Monas, Sidney 50, 164, 165, 168, 170, 176

Mondry, Henrietta 355

Montefiore, Simon Sebag 86, 90

Morits, Iunna 91, 344, 345, 346, 351
‘Defekatsiia defektologa K’ (‘The Defecation of Speech Therapist K’) 91

Morozov, Nikolai 126

Morrison, R. H. 184

Moscow 16, 18, 20, 21, 23, 24, 30, 37, 58, 60, 61, 127, 129, 137, 163, 172, 195, 196, 197, 199, 215, 249, 254, 281, 282, 338, 339, 340, 342, 346, 349, 350, 357, 359, 368, 370, 371, 376, 377, 391, 398, 418

Moscow Arts Theatre 58

Moscow Institute of Literature and Arts 127

Moser, Charles 333

Mother Russia 148

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus 404, 408

Munts, Elena 199

Muratov, Askol′d 146

Murav, Harriet 278

Mussolini, Benito 180

Myers, Diana 175

Nabokov, Vladimir x, 38, 47, 184, 185, 295, 296, 328, 359, 366, 378, 398
Dar (The Gift) 366

Nadson, Semen 146, 318
nadsonovshchina (Nadsonovism) 318

Naiman, Anatoly 67, 84, 168, 340, 349

Nakanune (On the Eve) 178

Nakhimovsky, Alexander D. 64

Nakhimovsky, Alice Stone 64

Napoleon Bonaparte 232, 233

Nappel′baum, Moisei 68, 69

Narkompros circulars 127

Narkompros (People’s Commissariat for Education) 127, 129

Narovchatov, Sergei 206, 270

narrative poetry 28, 416, 418

Naumov, F. I. 134, 142

Nazi 277

Nazism 213

Nefedov, Valerii 206, 207

Nekrasov, Nikolai 13, 14, 102, 103, 111, 227, 282, 337, 343, 346, 416
‘Poet i grazhdanin’ (‘The Poet and the Citizen’) 13, 14

Nelson, Victoria 186, 334, 417, 418

Neofitsial′naia poeziia (Unofficial Poetry) 37

Nepomniashchii, Valentin 149, 150

Nerler, P. 128, 190, 196, 197

Netzkowa, Elisabeth 412

Neuberger, Joan 70

Neva 232, 252, 266, 274, 279, 376, 378

new criticism 25, 170, 190

new historicism 170

Newman, Charles 164

New Poet’s Library 377

New Review, The 303, 377

New York 51, 57, 61, 165, 176, 181, 183, 185, 403

New York Review of Books 165, 171, 172, 174, 176, 181, 182, 183, 185

Nice, Richard 125, 318

Nietzsche, Friedrich 147, 404

Nikolaev, D. D. 378, 379

Nivat, Georges 290, 373, 375

Nobel Prize for Literature 43, 49, 71, 76, 92, 201, 213, 214, 216, 220, 222, 348, 353

Norris, Stephen M. 67

Nosov, Evgenii 337

nostalgia 2, 6, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 18, 20, 22, 183, 275, 294, 360, 363, 364, 372

Novikova, Liza 208

Novikov, Vladimir 48

Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie (New Literary Review) 22

Novyi mir (New World) 46

Obatin, G. 146

OBERIU 350, 352, 412
OBERIU poets 350

objectivism 401

Obolduev, Georgii 350

obscurity 5, 45, 113, 169

Ocheretianskii, Aleksandr 335

October Revolution 133, 135

Odoevtseva, Irina 47, 289, 297, 300, 308, 309, 310, 316, 375, 376
‘Pod lampoi elektricheskoi’ (‘Under an Electric Lamp’) 308, 310
Zerkalo (The Mirror) 308

O’Driscoll, Dennis 193

Ognev, Vladimir 282

Ogonek (The Little Light) 37, 375, 376

Ogorodnikov, Ivan 99

Pedagogika (Pedagogy) 99

Ogryzko, Viacheslav 31

Okhapkin, Oleg 226, 227

Okudzhava, Bulat 22, 54, 58, 330, 332, 333, 337, 338, 339, 340, 344, 345, 346, 347

Old Testament 246

Olesha, Iurii 239

On the Banks of the Neva 376

On the Banks of the Seine 376

Ophelia 248

Oppen, George 399, 400, 401
‘Quotations’ (‘Tsitaty’) 399, 400

Orlov, V. N. 129, 134, 137, 138, 150, 270, 331, 335

Ormond, Leonee x

Orpheus and Eurydice 248

Orthodox Christianity 227, 247, 278, 361

Ostanin, B. 226

Ostrovskaia, Sophie 68

Ostrovskii, Nikolai 100

Ovid 72, 381

Oxford 92, 161, 166, 172

Oxford Book of Russian Verse, The 161

Ozerov, Lev 206, 269

Pachmuss, Temira 204

Pakhareva, T. A. 70

Palata Poetov 303

Pamuk, Orhan 404, 405

Panchenko, Nikolai 283

Paperno, Irina 67, 85, 87, 88, 249

Paramonov, Boris 274, 275

Parfenov, Leonid 12, 13
Namedni (Not So Long Ago) 12, 13

Paris 38, 104, 127, 181, 185, 194, 254, 292, 308, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 318, 319, 320, 323, 325, 326, 327, 328, 383, 390

Parisian 297, 298, 301, 303, 308, 312, 313, 315, 324, 328, 366

Paris Note group 38, 289, 292, 296, 297, 298, 304, 305, 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 316, 318, 319, 320, 323, 325, 326, 327, 328

Parnassian 162, 182

Parshchikov, Alexei 381

Parthé, Kathleen 52

Pasternak, Boris 7, 32, 33, 49, 58, 73, 75, 76, 77, 78, 86, 103, 123, 140, 144, 148, 158, 160, 161, 164, 168, 174, 183, 184, 186, 189, 195, 207, 218, 245, 267, 271, 272, 273, 274, 278, 290, 371, 374, 375, 378
Doktor Zhivago (Doctor Zhivago) 271
‘Gamlet’ (‘Hamlet’) 76
Nas malo. Nas, mozhet byt ′, troe’ (‘We are few. There are, perhaps, three of us...’) 76
Zhivago affair 160
Zhivago poems 76

past, the 1, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 20, 22, 39, 40, 41, 65, 71, 83, 98, 103, 131, 135, 178, 204, 205, 265, 274, 275, 294, 296, 338, 363, 365, 367, 382, 386, 389, 393, 394

Paustovskii, Konstantin 29

Pavlenkov, F. F. 379

Pazukhin, Evgenii 254

Pelevin, Viktor x, 148, 255
Chapaev i Pustota 148

perestroika 4, 44, 79, 97, 108, 109, 112, 113, 124, 147, 154, 196, 197, 227, 334, 338, 345, 349, 375, 386

performance 57, 249, 305, 377, 394, 407, 408, 409, 410, 419, 420, 421

Peskov, Vasilii 208, 221

Petersburg 23, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 67, 131, 197, 199, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 237, 244, 298, 359, 376, 377, 380, 396, 404
river Neva 232, 252, 266, 274, 279, 376

Peter the Great 232, 233

Petrograd 128, 129, 134, 140, 300

Petrovskii, M. 150

Petrunis, Sergei 335

Petrushevskaia, Liudmila 243

Pevear, Richard 183

Picasso, Pablo 162

Pieper, Irene 212

Pilling, John 166, 187, 188

Platonov, Andrei 110, 114, 128, 168

Platt, Kevin 305

Plekhanova, Irina 266, 272

Plisetskii, German 335, 345, 346

Pliukhanov, B. V. 34

PN Review, The 174, 178, 188, 190

Podoksenov, A. M. 216

poema 300

poet-prophet 15, 308, 383

Poggioli, Renato 162, 163, 183, 186

Poland 26, 43, 78, 161, 384

Poleva, Viktoriia 59
Ars moriendi 59
Summer Music 59

Polivanov, Konstantin 67

Polonskaia, Veronika 115, 119, 121

Polonsky, Rachel 197

Polozkova, Vera 249

Polukhina, Valentina 192, 238, 242, 243, 248, 251

Pomerantsev, Igor'20

Pomorska, Kristina 32, 416

Ponomareff, Constantin V. 86

Poplavskii, Boris 47, 297, 303, 304, 312, 324, 374
Avtomaticheskie stikhi (Automatic Verses) 304

popular culture 11, 18, 38, 40, 46, 58, 62, 125, 148, 249, 333, 359, 377

Porter, Robert 331, 385

postmodernism 365, 381

Postnikova, Ol′ga 53

post-Soviet 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 18, 20, 21, 25, 26, 36, 38, 39, 40, 44, 45, 46, 48, 50, 51, 54, 58, 60, 61, 63, 64, 73, 88, 92, 96, 97, 108, 110, 112, 113, 114, 115, 118, 120, 121, 146, 147, 159, 197, 198, 199, 201, 202, 206, 207, 208, 212, 213, 217, 222, 223, 229, 230, 239, 241, 254, 266, 267, 268, 270, 271, 273, 274, 276, 279, 290, 327, 330, 337, 339, 340, 342, 343, 351, 352, 355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 365, 367, 368, 369, 370, 372, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381, 382, 384, 385, 386, 387, 388, 389, 390, 391, 392, 396, 418, 420, 422

Potebnia, Aleksandr 374

Pound, Ezra 162, 165, 166, 172, 174, 180, 192, 402

Prague 20, 313, 370, 390, 392, 393

Prasolov, Aleksei 351

Priamaia rech′(Direct Speech) 361

Priboi (The Surf) 138

Prigov, Dmitri 39, 227, 249, 335, 340, 344, 345, 346, 420, 421, 422
‘Bestiarii’ (‘The Bestiary’) 421
‘Liki’ (‘Faces’) 421
‘Portrety’ (‘Portraits’) 421

Prikhod′ko, Irina 149, 150

Prize, Andrej Belyj 227

Prodolzhenie vody (The Extension of Water) 57

Prokofiev, Sergey 371

Prokushev, Iu. L. 141

Proust, Marcel 171

Psalms 155

publishers 4, 5, 29, 139, 214, 217, 359, 419

Punin, Nikolai 84, 87

Pushkin ix

Pushkin, Aleksandr ix, 5, 7, 14, 21, 33, 41, 42, 58, 61, 71, 72, 102, 103, 117, 129, 135, 148, 149, 150, 151, 155, 158, 175, 191, 195, 199, 203, 213, 222, 232, 248, 251, 301, 312, 359, 363, 389, 390, 395, 396, 404, 416
‘Besy’ (‘Demons’) 150
Bronze Horseman 232
Evgenii Onegin 395, 396, 404
‘Poet i tolpa’ (‘The Poet and the Crowd’) 251
Pushkinian 167, 198, 284, 301

Pushkin, Michael 49

Pushkinskii fond (Pushkin foundation) 396

Putin, Vladimir 148, 152, 355

Pyman, Avril 129, 134, 155

Radlova, Anna 245
‘Angel pesnopeniia’ (‘Angel of Song’) 245

Raeff, Mark 363

Raffael, Burton 165

Raikin, Arkadii 166

Ramazani, Jahan 401

Rasputin, Valentin 337

Rassadin, Stanislav 273

Ratnikov, Kirill 298

Rawson, Claude 174

Rayfield, Donald 174, 179, 180

readers 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 14, 19, 22, 23, 24, 28, 36, 37, 38, 40, 42, 53, 61, 68, 80, 83, 84, 85, 104, 108, 114, 130, 131, 155, 157, 159, 160, 161, 163, 164, 165, 167, 169, 170, 174, 175, 178, 181, 182, 184, 187, 188, 189, 190, 193, 195, 196, 204, 205, 207, 208, 217, 219, 220, 221, 227, 233, 241, 243, 245, 246, 248, 250, 251, 255, 281, 287, 301, 305, 306, 318, 332, 344, 356, 367, 369, 372, 376, 380, 383, 385, 386, 389, 390, 396, 398, 399, 400, 406, 409, 415, 419, 422. See also audience
readership 24, 41, 158, 172, 174, 179, 184, 197, 206, 221, 227, 241, 254, 302, 330, 364, 387, 389, 409, 410
would-be readers 5

realism 6, 8, 15, 17, 19, 26, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 38, 40, 132, 147, 154, 267, 279, 283, 302, 305, 359, 372, 375, 384, 385, 386, 387

Reavey, George 333

reception 9, 25, 26, 38, 40, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 61, 62, 79, 85, 124, 139, 158, 159, 160, 162, 165, 166, 169, 172, 173, 175, 181, 182, 186, 188, 194, 195, 197, 198, 248, 266, 335, 336, 357, 360, 364, 368, 373

Reconfiguring the Canon of Twentieth Century Russian Poetry, 1991–2008 viii

Red Army 134

Reeder, Roberta 63, 72, 76, 142

Rein, Evgenii 287, 335, 340, 341, 344, 345, 346, 347, 349

Repertuar 129

Repin, Il′ia 102, 119

repression 86, 184, 193, 386

Reuters 49

Revolutionary Populists 126

Riashentsev, Iurii 343

Rilke, Rainer Maria 187, 368, 381

Ritchie, Elisavietta 50

Robin, Régine 158, 164, 175, 385, 386

Robinson, William 363, 364

Rodionov, Andrei 249

‘Rodivshiesia v SSSR’ (‘Born in the USSR’) 12

Rogatchevski, Andrei 179

Roginskii, Boris 233, 240

Rojek, Chris 68, 88, 250

Romanovskii, Feliks 59

Romans 241

Romanticism 35, 62, 67, 68, 90, 143, 181, 226, 240, 246, 312, 381, 385, 395, 417, 422

Rome 127, 357, 385

Ronen, Omri 72, 272, 273, 277

Roskina, Natalia 67, 72

Rosneck, Karen 268

Rosslyn, Wendy 67, 84

Rostotskii, Stanislav 143

Rougle, Charles 90

Rowse, A. L. 178, 179

Rozhdestveno 359

Rozhdestvenskii, Robert 12, 330, 331, 332, 333, 337, 339, 340, 341, 345, 346

Rubinshtein, Lev 282

Rubins, Maria viii, 38, 306

Rubtsov, Nikolai 331, 337, 338, 339, 340, 346, 351

Rudiak, Il′ia 68

Rudnev, Vadim 366

Rudy, Stephen 416

Rusev, Radostin 14

Russia Abroad 160, 291, 294, 296, 297, 363

Russian Association of Proletarian Writers (RAPP) 121

Russification 52, 319

Russkaia literatura XX veka (20th Century Russian Literature) 113, 114, 115, 118

Russkaia poeziia 60-kh godov (Russian Poetry of the 1960s) 335

Russkaia poeziia 1960x gg. (Russian Poetry of the 1960s) 37

Russkaia poeziia. XX vek. Antologiia (Russian Poetry. Twentieth Century. An Anthology) 218

Russkaia slovesnost (Russian Literature) 108

Russkie bez Rossii, 2003–2005 (Russians Without Russia, 2003–2005) 364

Russkie stikhi 1950–2000 godov. Antologii (Russian Poetry of the 1950s–2000s. An Anthology) 218

Russkie stikhi 1950–2000 (Russian Poetry 1950–2000) 335, 346

russkofoniia 356

RuTube 36

Rybakova, Mariia 416

Rybnikova, M. A. 131, 135, 136
A. Blok-Hamlet 136

Ryklin, M. K. 409

Rylkova, Galina 10, 17, 72, 87, 90, 377, 378

Sabbatini, Marco 241, 247

Saltykov-Shchedrin, Mikhail 102

samizdat 3, 30, 31, 79, 124, 195, 225, 226, 240, 246, 254, 331, 334, 386

Samizdat veka (The Century’s Self-Publishing) 37, 335, 343

Samoilov, David 54, 267, 269, 273, 281

Sandler, Stephanie ix, 22, 23, 28, 30, 39, 42, 66, 177, 241, 413, 419
Rereading Russian Poetry 22

Santner, Eric 417, 418

Sapgir, Genrikh 280, 281, 335, 345, 346, 382

Sapozhkov, S. 146

Sappho 66

Sarnov, Benedikt 281

Satanism 149, 150

Satunovskii, Ian 267, 280, 281

Savage, Jesse M. 27

Savitskii, Stanislav 226, 227, 241, 331

Scammell, Michael 185, 186

Scherr, Barry P. 283, 286

Schmidt, Rachel 36, 317, 322

Schönle, A. 179

schools 3, 25, 37, 39, 96, 97, 101, 108, 112, 120, 123, 144, 337, 338, 357, 359, 362, 366

Schopenhauer, Arthur 147

Schteiger, Anatolii
Eta Zhizn’ (This Life) 316
Neblagodarnost′ (Ingratitude) 316

Schweitzer, Vivien 59, 195

Schwerter, Stephanie 173

Scriabin, Aleksandr 193

Sedakova, Ol′ga 17, 21, 39, 62, 198, 233, 251, 381, 398, 409, 423

Sel′vinskii, Il′ia 29, 277, 282, 284

Serebrianyi vek russkoi poezii (The Silver Age of Russian Poetry) 218

Severianin, Igor′ 47, 148, 289

Severiukhin, D. 226

Shackleton, Mark 294

Shaitanov, Igor'268, 340, 341, 348, 351, 352, 381, 382, 409

Shakespeare, William 72

Shakhovskaia, Zinaida 291, 296

Shakhovskoi, Dmitrii 199

Shalamov, Varlaam 195

Shanghai 363

Shapoval, Sergei 213, 422
Portretnaia galeriia D. A. P 422

Sharshun, Serge 303
‘Foule immobile’ (‘The Immobile Crowd’) 303
Nebo kolokol. Poeziia v proze, 1919–1928 (The Sky Bell. Poetry in Prose, 1919–1928) 303

Shartse, Olga 205, 211

Shcherbina, Tat′iana 143, 198, 349

Sheldon, Richard 35

Shelton, Joanne ix, 39, 343

Shepelev, V. L. 129

Shepherd, David 145

Shil′kovo 20

Shkapskaia, Mariia 5

Shkliarevskii, Igor' 280

Shklovskii, Viktor (Shklovsky, Viktor) 35, 36, 275, 295

Shlapentokh, Vladimir 85, 86

Shmelev, Ivan 224

Shneidman, Noah Norman 98, 99, 100, 208, 386, 387

Sholokhov, Mikhail 100, 120
Podniataia tselina (Virgin Soil Upturned) 100

Short Course of Soviet History 42

Shostakovich, Dmitri

Seven Romances of Aleksandr Blok 142

Shraer-Petrov, David 276

Shrayer, Maxim D. 278, 279, 334, 335

Shteiger, Anatolii 297, 315, 316, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323, 324, 327
Etot den’(This Day) 316

Shubinskii, Valerii 273, 276, 282

Shukshin, Vasilii 337

Shvarts, Elena 17, 21, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 237, 238, 239, 241, 242, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 382, 423
‘Bog spas’ (‘God Saved Me’) 253
‘Bokovoe zrenie pamiati’ (‘The Lateral Vision of Memory’) 251
Chernaia Paskha (Black Easter) 230, 233, 236, 237, 243, 244
‘Elegiia na rentgenovskii snimok moego cherepa’ (‘Elegy on an X-Ray of My Skull’) 244
‘Grubymi sredstvami ne dostich′blazhenstva’ (‘You Won’ t Reach Bliss by Rough Means’) 242
‘Ia rodilas′s ladon′iu gladkoi’ (‘I was Born with an Unlined Hand’) 245
‘Izbienie slepogo’ (‘Beating Up a Blind Man’) 253
‘Kak eta ulitsa zovetsia’ (‘What this Street is Called’) 229
‘Leviafan’ (‘Leviathan’) 246
‘Luch’ (‘The Ray’) 251
‘Na progulke’ (‘On a Walk’) 229
‘Neskol′ko osobennostei moikh stikhov’ (‘A Few Peculiarities of My Poems’) 251
Opredelenie v durnuiu pogodu (Definition in Foul Weather) 250
Portret Blokady cherez zhanr, natiurmort i peizazh (A Portrait of the Blockade through a Genre Painting, a Still Life and a Landscape) 234, 236, 237
‘Probuzhdenie’ (‘Awakening’) 229
Sochineniia (Collected Works) 250
‘Sumerki’ (‘Twilight’) 252
‘Tantsuiushchii David’ (‘Dancing David’) 244
‘Temnaia rozhdestvenskaia pesn’ (‘A Dark Christmas Song’) 246
Trudy i dni Lavinii, monakhini iz ordena obrezaniia serdtsa. Ot Rozhdestva do Paskhi (The Works and Days of Lavinia, a Nun in the Order of the Circumcision of the Heart: From Christmas to Easter) 246
Vidimaia storona zhizni (The Visible Side of Life) 250
‘Vospominanie o strannom ugoshchenii’ (‘Memory of a Strange Treat’) 244
‘Vozdushnoe Evangelie’ (‘Air Gospel’) 229
Zapadno-vostochnyi veter (West-Easterly Wind) 229
‘Zhestko nakazannyi antisemit’ (‘A Harshly Punished Anti-Semite’) 253

Siberia 16

Silver Age 10, 16, 37, 70, 72, 73, 79, 124, 127, 132, 146, 154, 161, 164, 195, 218, 226, 245, 248, 249, 289, 290, 291, 298, 301, 326, 343, 353, 367, 376, 377, 378, 380, 388

Simic, Charles 401
‘The Tiger’ 401

Simone, Nina 400

Simonov, Konstantin 100, 281

Simun, Konstantin 60

Brodskii priekhal (Brodsky Arrived) 60

Sinatra, Frank 400

Siniavskii, Andrei 31, 32, 33, 42
Chto takoe sotsialisticheskii realizm (What Is Socialist Realism)
31, 32
Progulki s Pushkinym (Strolls with Pushkin)
42

Sisson, C. S. 191

Sivan, Emmanuel 12

Skaldin, A. D. 138

Skandiaka, Nika 395

Skidan, Alexander 198, 241, 252, 401

Skuratov, Sergei 60

Slavianskii Bank 7, 148

Poeziia v reklame (Poetry in Advertising) 148

Slobin, Greta 291, 362, 363, 367, 372

Slobodniuk, Sergei 149, 151, 152

Slonim, Marc 161, 329

Slonimskii, Sergei

A Voice from the Chorus 132, 142

Sluchevskii, Konstantin 146

Slutskii, Boris 39, 40, 265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 277, 278, 279, 280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 330, 332, 333, 340, 345, 346
‘Loshadi v okeane’ (‘Horses in the Ocean’) 285
‘Piatikonechnaia zvezda s shestikonechnoi’ (‘The Fivepointed and Six-pointed Stars’) 277
‘Rasskaz emigranta’ (‘An Emigrant’ s Tale’) 277
‘Sel′skoe kladbishche’ (‘The Village Cemetery’) 277
Stikhi o evreiakh i tatarakh (Verses about Jews and Tatars) 277

Smeliakov, Iaroslav 270, 281, 331, 341

Smirnov, Aleksei 287

Smith, Alexandra vii, ix, 10, 38, 392

Smith, G. S. 46, 47, 64, 85, 161, 181, 198, 242, 266, 268, 285, 335, 344

Smola, Oleg 149, 150

Sobolev, Olga x, 3, 40, 142

Socialist realism 6, 15, 17, 19, 26, 27, 30, 31, 32, 33, 38, 40, 147, 279, 305, 375, 384, 385, 387

Soja, Edward 295

Sokolov, Vladimir 343, 345, 351

Sologub, Fedor 33, 127, 147, 374

Solov′ev, Sergei 138, 146, 203

Solov′ev, Vladimir 33, 131, 133, 146, 147, 203

Solovyov, Dmitry 49

Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr 71, 72, 175, 197, 266, 337, 371

songs 19, 27, 28, 46, 59, 126, 134, 343, 369, 377, 380, 400

Sophocles 72

Sosnora, Viktor 333, 345, 346

Sots Art 32

Soupault, Phillipe 306

Soviet Union 1, 2, 3, 4, 10, 17, 18, 19, 22, 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 31, 36, 38, 39, 43, 44, 45, 46, 49, 51, 64, 79, 89, 96, 97, 98, 105, 110, 112, 126, 129, 130, 135, 139, 143, 147, 157, 161, 195, 197, 201, 205, 213, 220, 223, 239, 240, 252, 254, 265, 267, 271, 273, 279, 287, 296, 326, 327, 353, 355, 356, 358, 359, 360, 361, 363, 365, 368, 372, 373, 375, 377, 385, 386, 387, 391, 392, 422
canon 10, 15, 30, 110, 147, 208, 239, 268, 269, 270, 273, 336, 339, 352, 360, 362, 373
culture 10, 12, 14, 18, 21, 30, 114, 143, 279, 286, 336, 367, 379, 380

Sovremennye zapiski (Contemporary Annals) 300, 302, 316, 366

Sozina, E. K. 153

Spector, Ivar 21

Staf′eva, E. 56

Stalin, Iosif 2, 5, 9, 10, 24, 25, 28, 29, 30, 31, 39, 40, 42, 70, 79, 85, 86, 87, 89, 90, 96, 135, 147, 159, 172, 179, 182, 183, 184, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 202, 265, 272, 274, 275, 279, 286, 334, 339, 347, 348, 362, 367, 369, 420
Stalinism 67, 84, 89, 90, 161, 179, 265, 287, 339
Stalinist 7, 10, 87, 89, 90, 182, 191, 272, 286, 339

Stanislavskii, Konstantin 133

‘Staroe Radio’ (‘Old Radio’) 12

‘Starye pesni o glavnom’ (‘The Main Songs of the Past’) 11

State University of St Petersburg 60

Stavrov, Perikl 297

Steiger, Andrew 27, 28

Steiner, George 166

Stein, Gertrude 422

Stepanova, Maria 39, 416, 417, 418, 419, 423
Pesni severnykh iuzhan (Songs of Northern Southerners) 416

Stern, Ludmila 348, 349

St Gilles-Croix-de-Vie 371

Stockholm Syndrome 89

Stone, Jonathan 21, 157

St Petersburg 58, 59, 60, 61, 131, 197, 199, 359, 376, 377, 380, 396
Pirogovskaia Embankment 59

Strakhovsky, Leonid 162

Stratanovskii, Sergei 226, 227

Strelianyi, Andrei 335

Strofy veka. Antologiia russkoi poezii (Stanza of the Century: An Anthology of Russian Poetry) 218

structuralism 24, 171, 185

Struve, Gleb 157, 158, 163, 164, 166, 197, 205, 207, 290, 300, 318, 321, 374
Russian Literature in Exile 290

Sukharev, Dmitrii 273, 285, 286

Sukhikh, Igor' 328

Sunderland, Willard 67

Suprematist 411

Surganova and Orchestra 59
‘Neuzheli ne ia’ (‘Surely, It Was Me...’) 59

Surkov, Aleksei 29, 100, 129

surrealism 302, 303, 304, 374

Svarovskii, Fedor 39, 416, 417, 418, 419
‘Dva robota plyli’ (‘Two Robots Were Swimming’) 417
Puteshestvenniki vo vremeni (Time-Travellers) 418
Vse khotiat byt′robotami (Everyone Wants to Be a Robot) 417

Sverdlov, M. 56

syllabus 2, 37, 40, 85, 209, 330, 331, 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 341, 343, 352, 353, 357

symbolism 24, 32, 34, 67, 123, 124, 126, 127, 128, 135, 136, 137, 140, 141, 146, 147, 152, 153, 154, 162, 204, 366
Russian symbolism 34, 127, 137, 141

Tabachnikova, Olga 72

Tagil′tsev, A. V. 74

Takho-Godi, E. A. 146

tamizdat 31, 379, 386

Tarasova, I. A. 314

Tarkovskii, Arsenii 351

Tartu-Moscow Semiotic school 137

Tarusa 368, 370

Tavener, John 71

Tazhidinova, Irina G. 28

Temkina, Marina 335

Terapiano, Iurii 305

Terts, Abram 31

textbook 3, 40, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 206, 209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 223, 268, 271, 330, 331, 332, 338, 339, 340, 352, 359, 362, 383, 389

Thacker, Andrew 18

Thaw 5, 17, 30, 38, 40, 46, 49, 79, 138, 144, 161, 195, 265, 271, 273, 275, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 335, 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 347, 348, 349, 350, 352, 353, 354, 369, 372, 380. See also Khrushchev, Nikita
Generation 30, 161, 225, 329, 330, 331, 334, 335, 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 348, 349, 352, 353, 354

Thomas, D. M. 19, 57, 166, 167, 168, 174, 176, 186

Thompson, Ewa M. 247

Tiffany, Daniel 417, 418

Tihanov, Galin 312

Tikhomirov, Vladimir 355

Timenchik, Roman 23, 73, 76, 77

Times Educational Supplement, The 41

Times Literary Supplement, The 158, 161, 162, 165, 168, 174, 175, 188, 192

Tiutchev, Fedor 33, 213

Todd III, William Mills 24, 25, 26

Tokarev, Dmitrii 304

Tolmachev, M. V. 68

Tolstoi, Aleksei 100

Tolstoi, Ivan 380

Tolstoi, Lev (Tolstoy, Leo) viii, x, 27, 41, 71, 72, 102, 135, 175, 211
Petr I (Peter the First) 100

Tomashevskii, Boris 26

Tomlinson, Charles 174

Toporov, Vladimir 23, 91, 92

Tracy, Robert 166, 167, 185

tradition 6, 8, 15, 17, 26, 27, 29, 32, 37, 38, 40, 41, 42, 54, 66, 67, 68, 79, 80, 86, 87, 90, 102, 103, 107, 118, 123, 131, 141, 143, 147, 150, 153, 155, 158, 159, 161, 170, 172, 175, 186, 197, 198, 212, 213, 214, 215, 226, 230, 233, 237, 238, 239, 242, 244, 247, 249, 267, 276, 277, 278, 283, 287, 289, 290, 291, 292, 294, 296, 298, 305, 306, 328, 339, 347, 350, 351, 356, 358, 359, 360, 361, 363, 366, 367, 368, 370, 372, 373, 376, 377, 379, 380, 381, 382, 386, 387, 388, 389, 390, 401, 402, 404, 407, 409, 412, 416, 417

transitory identity 294

transnational 38, 46, 292, 293, 294, 303, 311, 312, 334, 355, 357, 364, 369, 382

Trauberg, Leonid 143

Trenev, Konstantin 100

Tret′iakov, Sergei 18

Trifonov, Yuri 337

Trofimov, Gennadii 59
Niotkuda s liubov′iu, ili Veselye pokhorony (Out of Nowhere with Love, or The Merry Funeral Party) 59

Trotskii, Lev (Trotsky, Leon) 126, 130, 134, 366

Troy 155

Tsarist 129, 131, 133

Tsarskoe Selo 67

Tsekh Poetov (Guild of Poets) 163

Tsereteli, Zurab 371

Tsivian, Tamara 23

Tsivin, Vladimir 59

Tsvetaeva, Marina 9, 22, 36, 37, 38, 47, 53, 66, 73, 75, 76, 77, 78, 140, 158, 161, 162, 180, 192, 199, 218, 243, 245, 247, 248, 249, 252, 270, 284, 289, 290, 366, 368, 369, 370, 371, 372, 373, 374, 382, 384, 385, 388, 390, 392
‘Akhmatovoi’ (‘To Akhmatova’) 247
‘Buzina tsel′nyi sad zalila!’ (‘Elderberry Filled the Entire Garden!’) 76, 85
museum 371
‘Na krasnom kone’ (‘On a Red Steed’) 245
‘Novogodnee’ (‘Happy New Year’) 368
prize 371
‘the Tsvetaeva fires’ 368
Tsvetkov, Aleksei 198, 401

Turgenev, Ivan 72, 175

Tvardovskii, Aleksandr 13, 15, 29, 31, 98, 100, 205, 206, 207, 211, 212, 213, 214, 288, 330, 331, 332, 333, 338

‘O Bunine’ (‘About Bunin’) 211

twelve apostles 134

Twentieth Party Congress 46, 329

twenty-first century 64, 152, 222, 419

Tychina, Pavlo 100

Tynianov, Iurii 25, 26, 33, 34, 194, 199

Tzara, Tristan 303

Uchitel ′, Aleksei 222

Ufliand, Vladimir 346, 349, 396

Ukraine 20

Ulanov, Aleksandr 251

Ulianovsk Pedagogical College 339

Ulitskaia, Liudmila 59
Veselye pokhorony (The Funeral Party) 59

underground 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 17, 18, 22, 30, 37, 44, 78, 195, 225, 226, 228, 230, 239, 240, 241, 247, 249, 252, 253, 254, 255, 267, 268, 279, 281, 282, 287, 331, 334, 335, 340, 342, 343, 347, 349, 352, 353, 354, 372, 386, 392

Union of Poets 127, 129

Union of Soviet Writers 102

United Kingdom (UK) 179, 194, 405

United States ix

United States of America (US) 24, 43, 45, 60, 61, 186, 241, 335, 376, 405

University of Tartu 34

Tartu School of Semiotics 35

Urin, Viktor 335

Uroki literatury v 11-om klasse (Literature lessons in class 11) 340

Uspenskii, Boris A. 64

USSR vii, 12, 46, 49, 50, 52, 329, 330, 331, 332, 334, 343, 345, 349, 350, 386

Ustinov, Andrei 299

Vaginov, Konstantin 198, 350

Valentine, Sarah 405, 406, 407

Valéry, Paul 319

‘The Crisis of the Mind’ 319

Valieva, Iuliia 241, 254

Vampilov, Aleksandr 337

van Buskirk, Emily 173

Van Het Reve, K. 50

Vanshenkin, Konstantin 206, 270, 343, 345, 346

Vasil′ev, Andrei 13, 59

Vaughan, Richard 41

Vavilon (Babylon) 37, 227, 335

Vendler, Helen 169

Venice 51, 57

Vertinskii, Aleksandr 388

Veselovskii, Aleksandr 35

Vetrov, Aleksandr 377, 380

Vikulov, Sergei 331

Vilenskii, Semen 37

Villon, François 165

Vilnius, Lithuania 60

Vimeo 36

Vinitsky, Ilya 66, 84

Vinokurov, Evgenii 206, 270, 283, 333

Virabov, Igor'12

Virgil 62, 72

Virgin Mary 84

Vishniak, Mark 316

Vitkovskii, Evgenii 377

Vladiv-Glover, Slobodanka M. 381

Vladivostok 199

Volchek, Dmitrii 226

Volchenko, Natal′ia 108, 109

Volga river 369

Volgina, Arina 55

Volgin, Igor' 58
Igra v biser (A Game of Beads) 58

Volkov, Vadim 7, 57, 71, 230

Vol′pe, T. S. 138

Voltskaia, Tatiana viii

Voprosy literatury (Questions of Literature) 46, 47, 48, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 57, 351

Vorob′ev, Konstantin 337

Voronezh 60, 79, 159, 163, 168, 180, 181, 188, 189, 199, 200, 339

Voronezh University 339

Vowles, Judith ix

Vozdhushnye puti (Aerial Ways) 163

Vozdukh (The Air) 197, 198, 409, 417

Voznesenskaia, Iuliia 250

Voznesenskii, Andrei 12, 30, 45, 48, 49, 50, 51, 54, 206, 330, 331, 332, 333, 337, 339, 340, 341, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348, 351
Order of the Red Banner of Labour 49
USSR State Prize 49

Vozrozhdenie 302

Vshenory 370

Vvedenskii, Aleksandr 350

Vysotskii, Vladimir 222, 337, 339, 340, 344, 345, 346, 364

Wachtel, Andrew Baruch 64, 66, 84, 404

Wachtel, Michael 6, 7

Wainwright, Jeffrey 174

Walcott, Derek 159, 171, 180

Warhol, Andy 387

Watten, Barret 387

Weber, Max 88

Weidle, Vladimir 299

Weissbort, Daniel 242

Wells, David 78

Werth, Alexander 162

West, the 7, 9, 11, 24, 39, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 49, 50, 51, 61, 83, 157, 160, 161, 164, 166, 172, 183, 184, 194, 228, 229, 232, 233, 240, 290, 298, 311, 329, 332, 335, 343, 344, 349, 357, 386
culture 8, 57
Western 8, 23, 24, 43, 49, 57, 60, 84, 92, 138, 161, 164, 165, 166, 172, 181, 183, 196, 228, 233, 241, 249, 291, 292, 298, 299, 308, 312, 326, 332, 333, 343, 344, 387, 405, 408

White Army 364

Whyte, Christopher 368

Wikipedia 219, 272

Williams, Hugo 179

Winter, Jay 12, 379, 401

World Literature Today 228

World War One 18, 223, 299, 302, 319

World War Two 28, 100, 213, 220, 223, 318, 324

Wrede, Casper 179

Wrenn, Angus x

Writers’Union, the 28, 30, 54, 228, 269, 346, 376

1954 Writers’Union Congress 28

Yampolsky, Mikhail 327

Yastremski, Slava I. 233

Yeats, W. B. 170

Yershov, Peter 202

Yiddish 278, 280, 285

YouTube 36, 249, 364, 420

Zabolotskii, Nikolai 22, 158, 198, 278, 337, 350

Zaitsev, Boris 224, 270, 271

zaum′ 303, 396

Zhdanov, Andrei 70, 227, 381

Zheleznova, Irina 205, 211

Zhirmunskii, Viktor 137, 141

Zhitenev, A. A. 241

zhiznetvorchestvo 67, 249

Zhizn’ zamechatel′nykh liudei (The Life of Remarkable People) 377

Zholkovskii, Aleksandr 58, 66, 67, 71, 87, 89, 90, 91
‘O poniatiiakh invariant i poeticheskii mir’: 1-ia lektsiia’(‘On Notions of the Invariant and the Poetic World: Lecture 1’) 58

Zhukovskii, Vasilii 416

Zhuravlev, V. P. 340

Zinin, Sergei 211

Ziuganov, Gennady A. 355

Znamia (The Banner) 25

Znamia truda 135

Zobnin, Iu. V. 301

Zohn, H. 299

Zorin, Andrei 173

Zoshchenko, Mikhail 114

Zubok, Vladislav 273

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