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OpenEdition Books

Open Education

 | 
Patrick Blessinger
, 
TJ Bliss

Index

Texte intégral

“4 R” framework 14, 43, 44, 237, 244 “5 Rs” 44

Abelson, Hal 17

Abramovich, S. 141

access to education 2–3, 6–7, 11–24, 34, 36–38, 40, 44, 56, 60, 62, 74, 76–77, 84, 87–89, 116–117, 119–124, 126, 128–129, 138–139, 155, 159–167, 169, 171–173, 180, 185, 188, 191–194, 196–197, 221–223, 230, 232–233, 235, 237–238, 240–241, 254, 259, 271–272, 275, 282–287, 290, 295–296, 301, 304–305, 308, 311, 317, 323–327, 329–332, 337. See also participation

Ackerman, J. D. 24

adoption of open education in institutions 3–4, 6, 18–19, 73, 75–77, 80, 82, 87–89, 117, 122, 124–130, 132, 162, 165–166, 190–191, 216, 223, 225, 317, 323, 332, 334. See also Open Educational Practice (OEP); Open Educational Resources (OERs)

aggregators 52–56, 60, 62–63, 69. See also iTunes U
ATOM 61
OAI-PMH 61
OER Commons 54, 61–62, 63, 64, 224, 245
Solvonauts 54, 61–62

Aksal, A. F. 160, 172, 173

Al-Diban, S. 266

Allen, I. E. 82

Allen, N. 76, 223

Almond, R. 273

Altbach, P. G. 1, 23

Altinay, Fahriye 5

Altinay, Zehra 5

Amara 100, 106

Amazon 152
Kindle 151–152

Anchan, J. P. 1, 20, 21

Anderson, L. 262

Anderson, T. 259, 262

Angeletou, S. 273

Apple 55

Archibald, D. 272

Arden University 40

Argyris, C. 203

assessment 5, 7, 34, 54, 66, 77, 105, 137, 139–142, 147–148, 155, 189, 257–263, 265–270, 272–275, 293, 302, 304–306, 308–309, 311–314, 316–318. See also item bank credentialing 7–8, 118, 155, 156, 257, 259, 262, 273, 301, 310, 313 examination 8, 186, 301, 303–308, 310–318

Atenas, J. 244

Atkins, D. E. 232, 259, 282

AudioBoom 152

Australia 75, 116, 118–124, 126–127, 129, 132–135, 324, 327–329
A Fair Chance for All 119
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) 119–120

Australian Department of Education and Training 120

Australian Government Office for Learning and Teaching (OLT) 126, 336
Feasibility Protocol 116, 126–133

Australian National Data Service (ANDS) 123, 324

Australian Research Data Commons 123

Bradley Report, the 119

Keep It Clever 119

National Digital Learning Resource Network 324

Open Access and Licensing Framework 324
Western Australian Department of Education 124

Aydin, C. H. 171

Babson Research Group 223

Bangladesh 16

Barber, M. 161, 162

Barker, Phil 4, 51, 53, 67–68

Barkhuizen, G. 104

Barnett, R. 23

Batson, T. 21

Beaven, T. 109

Beetham, H. 94, 322

Bekerman, Z. 97

Belshaw, John D. 6, 181, 195, 199

Benitez-Guerrero, E. I. 270

Benkler, Y. 35

Bennett, R. 273

Berdahl, R. O. 1, 23

Bibblio 152

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 239

Bing 67

Bixler, B. 141

Black, P. 273

Blessinger, Patrick 1, 11, 15, 20–24, 199

Bliss, TJ 180

Bloom, B. 262

Bohm, D. 204

Bonk, C. J. 167, 270

Bossu, Carina 5, 116–117, 124–128, 132–134, 322–323, 326

Bourdieu, P. 24

Bourget, Alain 213, 214

Bradley, D. 119, 325

Braun, V. 105

Brint, S. 205

British Broadcasting Corporation, the (BBC) 56, 138

British Columbia 18, 79, 180–181, 185
BCcampus 79, 180, 183, 187–188, 190, 191, 195
Open Textbook Project (OTP) 4–5, 79, 98, 180–181, 191, 192

Brown, Gordon 25

Brown, J. S. 259, 282

Brown, M. 116, 322, 323

Bucklow, C. 168

Budapest Open Access Initiative 283

Bull, D. 116, 322, 323

Burbules, N. C. 97

Burke, P. J. 1, 22, 23

Burrage, M. 1

Butcher, N. 117, 124, 165, 166, 326

Caird, S. 41

California 17–18, 213, 225, 239

Cal Poly State University, San Luis Obispo, California xii, xv, xvii, xix, xx, 213

Cámara de la Fuente, Lidia 4, 81, 93, 99, 101, 108

Camilleri, A. 302, 305, 311, 312, 314, 317

Campbell, Lorna M. 4, 51, 53, 67, 68

Canada 16, 79, 116, 123, 184, 323

Cannell, P. 37, 225

Carson, R. C. 270

Casper, Linda 239

Castaño Muñoz, J. 161, 162, 169

Caulfield, C. 194

Cech, E. A. 205

Chamorro-Premuzic, T. 270

Charleer, S. 141

Checkland, P. 32

Chen, Y. C. 164

Chesters, J. 118

Chiang, I-Chant 193

Chowdry, H. 36

Clarke, J. 105, 326

Clarke, V. 105

Clark, R. E. 140, 168

Clements, K. 225

Clinton, K. 272

closed-access text 210

closed education 4, 31, 35–36, 46, 325, 339

Clow, D. 42

cMOOCs 41–42. See also Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)

Codd, J. 119

Coffield, F. 97

Comas-Quinn, Anna 4, 81, 109

Commonwealth of Learning 166, 310

comScore Digital Analytix (DAX) 143

Conole, G. C. 19, 118, 327

Conrad, D. 259, 260, 262, 270, 302, 305, 308, 309, 312

content aggregation 61, 333

content dissemination 5, 51–53, 55, 59–60, 65, 163, 172–173, 209, 235, 283, 326

Cormier, D. 166, 170

Coughlan, T. 45

Coursera 41, 244. See also Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)

Courtney, M. 164

Creative Commons (CC) 1, 11, 17–18, 18, 31, 51, 55, 58–59, 74–76, 79, 81, 85–86, 93, 124, 138, 149, 152, 154, 159, 167, 179–180, 183–185, 191, 221, 230, 245, 247, 273, 287, 301, 309, 311, 321, 332
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC) 75, 124
Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike (CC BY-SA) 124, 184–185

credibility 6, 155, 199, 209–212, 216

Creelman, A. 168

Cropley, A. J. 23

Crotty, J. M. 141

curriculum 24, 34, 39–41, 97, 141, 147–148, 170, 221–222, 227, 230, 235, 237, 242, 253, 258–260, 265, 271, 273, 337–338

Curtin University, Perth, Australia xi

Daniel, J. 37, 41, 167

D’Antoni, Susan 122, 282

“Dark Reuse” 86. See also Wiley, Amy

Davis, B. 96, 102

Deimann, M. 282

Delaney, J. A. 20

De Lissovoy, N. 33

de los Arcos, Beatriz 4, 45, 80, 109, 165

DeMarte, D. 88

Devlin, M. 168

Dewey, J. 23, 118, 282

Dicheva, D. 52

Dichev, C. 52

digitization 5, 159–161, 163, 165, 172

Donnelly, K. 161–162

Downes, S. 166–168, 170, 232

Du, J. 164, 165

Duncan, N. W. 204

Dutta, S. 285

Duval, E. 141

Dweck, C. 162

Early, S. 140

education policy 4–5, 35–36, 73, 76–77, 115–118, 121–126, 129, 131–132, 172, 301, 312, 322–326, 336, 339

EDUsummIT 266

Edwards, R. 164, 168

edX 41, 244. See also Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)

Ehlers, U. D. 19, 168

Eldred, Eric 17

eLearning 58, 64–66, 82, 139, 154, 162, 165, 167, 230–231, 264, 269, 270, 322, 336
eLearning resources 4, 12, 58, 58–60, 63–64, 67–69, 75, 77, 82, 103, 111, 165

Eliot, T. S. 211

Engeström, Y. 96

Eseryel, D. 272

European Union (EU)
ARIADNE Foundation 68
European Commission 160–162, 164, 166, 169, 172, 283–284, 292, 305, 310
Horizon 2020 283

Excelsior College, Albany, New York xii, xv, 303, 306, 307, 310

Facebook 98–100, 102–105

Facilitate Open Science Training for European Research (FOSTER) 283

Faculti 152

Falconer, I. 94, 322

Fanfarelli, J. R. 141

Fan, X. 164, 165

Farnes, N. 37

Farrow, Rob 4, 80

Ferguson, R. 42

Ferrari, L. 305, 312, 314

Fiere, P. 207

Finkel, D. L. 207

Finland 7, 281, 283, 285–291, 297–299
Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture (EduMin) 285, 293
Open Science and Research Roadmap 2014-17 286, 295
OSR Initiative 288, 290, 293–294 universities of applied sciences (UASs) 285–286, 289–297

FitzGibbon, J. 305, 310, 313

Flintoff, K. 273

Forkosh-Baruch, A. 273

Forsström, P-L. 285, 286

Fountain, W. 323

Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) 322

Free Software Foundation 282

Freire, P. 33, 186–187

Furnham, A. 270

FutureLearn 41. See also Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)

Gaebel, M. 163

Gaertner, M. N. 318

Gale, T. 326

Ganz, M. 41, 43

Gazi, Z. A. 160, 165, 173

Geiger, T. 285

Germany 43

Ge, X. 272

Gibbons, M. 291

Gibson, David 7, 140, 266, 272, 273

Giddons, A. 121

GitHub 59, 64

Glennie, J. 117

Global Positioning System (GPS) 233–234

GNU’s Not Unix! operating system 282–283

Google 54, 58–59, 67, 68, 143, 152, 265, 271
Custom Search Engine API 58
Google Analytics 143

Gourley, B. 171

Graham, C. R. 270

Grant, S. 221, 273, 336

Grau-Valldosera, J. 38, 42

Green, Arthur G. 6, 36, 181, 195

Gruber, T. 273

Guba, E. G. 204

Gulati, S. 40

Gumport, P. J. 1, 23

Gunawardena, C. 34, 38

Gutmann, A. 119

Hagel, J. 263

Hager, P. 96, 106

Haggards, S. 167

Halavais, A. 141

Hall, Kellie 6, 202

Hammond, A. L. 193, 259, 282

Hamner, B. 266

Hanushek, E. 24

Harlen, W. 260

Harley, K. 117

Harmaakorpi, V. 292

Harris, P. 184

Hauck, M. 109

Havemann, L. 244

Hayes, D. J. 204

Haywood, J. 311

Heriot-Watt University ix

Hesse-Biber, S. N. 204

Hewitt, L. 37

Hickey, D. 140, 141

Hietanen, H. A. 273

Higashi, R. M. 141

Higher Education (HE) 57, 79, 87, 138, 145

Higher Education Institution (HEI) 40, 57, 281, 286, 289–290, 293, 297, 302–303, 306, 313

Higher Education Teaching and Learning Association (HETL) ix

Hilton, J. L. 24, 43, 84, 180

Hobbes, T. 325

Hodkinson, P. 96, 106

Hoffman, Mika 7, 307

Hoosen, S. 124, 326

Howard, K. 6, 140

Hsi, S. 225

HTML markup 68

Humboldt University of Berlin xi

Ifenthaler, Dirk 7, 261, 266, 272

Iiyoshi, T. 1

India 78, 118

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 67–70

Intellectual Property (IP) 130

item bank 7, 257, 262

iTunes U 54–55, 59, 74, 80, 85, 152

Ives, C. 116, 325

Jacobs, J. 156

Jaegers, S. S. 210

Jakl, P. 272

James, R. 117, 119, 120, 121, 260

Jay, Jordan 238

Jenkins, H. 141, 272

Jensen, K. 296

Jhangiani, Rajiv S. 6, 181, 195, 199

Jickling, B. 34

Johnson, L. 223, 225

Jordan, K. 41

Jurgenson, N. 36, 98

Kahle, D. 13–14

Kahn, P. 33

Kanwar, A. 165

Keeling, R. P. 164

Kelly, A. P. 37, 42, 202

Kezar, A. 23

Khan Academy 81–82

Kift, S. 326

Kiraly, D. 94, 95, 97

Klein-Collins, R. 304

Klerkx, J. 141

Knapper, C. K. 23

Knight, E. 273

Koch, James 208

Kovbasyuk, O. 1, 22, 23, 24

Kraan, W. 282

Krathwohl, D. 262

Krishnamurti 206–207, 214

Kumar, M. S. V. 1, 21

Kuter, S. 173

Lahti University of Applied Sciences, Finland xvi, xviii, 7, 281, 291–292

Laitinen, A. 304

Lane, Andy 3–4, 35–38, 40–41, 171, 327

Lanvin, B. 285

LaPointe, D. 34, 38

Latchem, C. 171

Lave, J. 22, 95, 100

Law, Patrina 5, 45, 56, 74, 139, 141, 144, 328, 337

Layng, K. 141

Learning Object Metadata (LOM) ix, x

Learning Resource Metadata Initiative 68

Learning Resource Metadata Initiative (LRMI) ix, x, 68

learning, types of formal 4–5, 22, 24, 31, 35, 37, 41–43, 45, 77–78, 80–81, 84–87, 93–95, 97, 102, 110–111, 127, 137–138, 140–141, 144–145, 147, 149, 153–154, 156, 162, 170, 224, 260, 302
informal 4–5, 31, 35, 37, 43, 45, 77–78, 80–81, 85, 87–88, 93–95, 97, 101–102, 110–111, 127, 137–140, 143, 145, 153–155, 170, 224
non-formal 4, 24, 31, 35, 37, 40, 43, 45, 153–154, 156, 162

Leavy, P. 204

Lessig, Lawrence 17

Leung, L. 213, 214

Lewis, T. 109, 221

Lincoln, Y. S. 204, 238, 333

Littlejohn, A. 63, 94, 322

Livingston, D. 97

Loeckx, J. 36, 42, 43

Lumen Learning 239–240

Lund University, Sweden xv

Lynch, C. 22

Macintyre, R. 37

Mackintosh, W. 259, 308, 309

MacNeill, S. 282

Manninen, T. 270

Mapstone, S. 167

Margaryan, A. 63

Martínez-Arboleda, A. 110

Massachussetts Institute of Technology (MIT) 3, 17, 52, 54, 61–62, 74–75, 126, 180
MIT OpenCourseWare project (MIT OCW) 3, 17, 52, 54, 61, 74–75, 180
MITx U. Lab 271

Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) viii, 19, 24, 31–32, 37, 40–43, 45, 56, 62, 76, 139, 149, 149–150, 154, 160–161, 165–167, 238, 244, 259, 264–265, 271, 275, 305–306, 315–317, 330, 336
Coursera xi

Masters, A. 325

Matias, Audeliz 6

McAndrew, Patrick 4, 259, 323, 327

McClarty, K. N. 304, 318

McCowan, Tristan 22

McDaniel, R. 141

McEwen, M. 52

McGill, L. 94, 322

McGrath, O. 21

McGreal, R. 116, 259, 262, 302, 305, 308, 309, 312, 325

McKeachie, W. J. 207

McKerlich, R. 116, 325

Means, B. 210

Melin, G. 286, 289

Mercy College, Dobbs Ferry, New York xiv

metadata 51–55, 61–62, 63–70, 123, 145, 155, 225, 286

Miller, Howard 6

Mills, J. 203, 326

Minguillón, J. 38, 42

Minnesota, University of 18, 240

Mislevy, R. 273

Mitchell-Schuitevoerder, R. 95

Moedas, Carlos 284

Moodle 141–142, 148, 152

Moore, A. 166

Murphy, A. 44, 45, 259, 308, 309, 323

Mutlu, M. E. 171

National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA) 223

National Student Survey (UK) 39

Near East University viii

Nelson, K. 326

Newell, C. 38

Newmann, F. 272

New York University 25
Global Institute for Advanced Study 25
Global Citizenship Commission, the 25

Nkuyubwatsi, B. 36

Noonan, P. 119, 325

Northoff, G. 204

Nouira, C. 311

Nugent, H. 119, 325

Nunan, T. 36, 42

O’Hagan, M. 96, 100, 107, 109

Okanagan College, British Columbia xii

Olmsted, Ruth 7, 307

Olohan, M. 101

Olssen, M. 119

O’Neill, A. 119

online learning 58, 64, 65, 66, 139, 162, 165, 167, 264, 269, 322. See also eLearning

Open Access (OA) publishing 76, 165, 282, 283, 284, 287, 290, 295, 322, 327. See also Budapest Open Access Initiative; open textbooks
Open Access Journals xxii, 238
Open Access Week 337

Open Assessment Resources (OARs) 7, 257–264, 264, 266–275

Open Badges Infrastructure 152

open communities 4, 81, 93
TED Open Translation Project, the (TED OTP) 4–5, 81, 93, 98

Open Course Library (OCL) 78

Open Courseware Consortium (OCWC) 336

Open Courseware Initiative 337

Open Educational Practice (OEP) x, xxii, 5, 6, 8, 19, 116, 116–118, 122, 123, 131, 159, 161, 321, 322, 322–327, 323, 329–331, 330, 333, 333–335

Open Educational Resources (OERs) x, xiv, xvii, xxii, 1–4, 6–8, 11–12, 14, 17–21, 24, 31–32, 36–37, 43–45, 51–54, 56–57, 59–60, 61–65, 67, 68–70, 73–91, 102, 117–118, 122, 124–128, 129, 131, 138–141, 144, 148, 152–153, 155–158, 160–168, 171–172, 182–186, 188–190, 195–197, 199–202, 204–205, 207–211, 213–216, 221–236, 237–242, 244–245, 253–255, 257–262, 264, 266–273, 275–276, 282, 296–299, 301–302, 304–317, 322–323, 326–327, 331–334, 335–336, 339–341
OER Research Hub, the viii, xi, xiv, xvii, xix, 73, 76, 76–77, 77, 79–84, 80, 81, 82, 84, 86, 88, 88–89, 89, 144
OER Active 86–89
OER as Facilitator 86, 88–89
OER Consumer 86, 88–89
OER Research Hub survey 88
OERu partnership, the 19, 182, 195, 308, 333, 334, 335–336, 339
UNESCO World Open Educational Resources Congress 238, 239

Open Educational Resource Universitas (OERu) 182

Open Educational Working Group, the 168

Open Education Consortium, the 74, 162, 166, 169

Open Education Resource (OER) users 4, 7, 14, 17, 51, 52, 53, 54, 56, 58, 61, 62, 63, 64, 68, 74, 75, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 93, 94, 108, 138, 163, 171, 237, 267, 268, 273, 284
active 73, 80, 81, 86, 87, 88, 89
consumer 73, 80, 86, 87, 88, 89
facilitator 73, 80, 86, 88, 89

Open Education Week 147, 263

Open Science and Research Initiative 7, 281, 286–287

Open Science and Research (OSR) 281, 283, 285–286, 288, 290–291, 293–297

Open Source Initiative (OSI) 337, 339

Open Source Movement 282

open textbooks xiii, 1, 6, 18, 60, 75, 79–81, 84, 86, 122, 125, 179–196, 240, 322–323, 331, 335–336
adaptation 6, 17, 81, 82–83, 86, 161, 166, 179, 181, 184, 187–188, 190–193, 195, 239, 275
collaboration 195–196
collaborative 6, 179, 181, 188–189, 193
compressed timeline 6, 179, 181
creation 6, 179, 181, 185, 188, 195
individual 6, 181
OpenStax College 18, 75, 79, 84, 180
OpenStax College at Rice University 18
Open Textbook Library, University of Minnesota 18
Open Textbook Network, University of Minnesota 18 traditional timeline 6, 179, 181

Open University (OU) viii, x, xi, xiii, xiv, xvii, xix, 5, 16, 37–41, 56, 61, 64, 74–76, 78–80, 137–139, 141–145, 148–149, 151–152, 154–155, 171
Badged Open Courses (BOCs) 5, 137, 139–155
Journeys from Informal to Formal Learning (JIFL) 138, 144
OpenLearn 5, 54, 56, 64, 74–75, 78, 80, 137–139, 143–152, 154
OpenLearn survey 139, 149, 150
OpenLearnWorks 64
Succeed with Learning 142, 143, 151

Open Works project management course 337

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 20, 35, 43, 282–283, 285

Orion, N. 222

Orlic, Davor 7

Orr, D. 36, 43, 45, 322

Orrego Carmona, D. 95

O’Shea, T. 323

Ospina, Dana 6, 199, 202

Ossiannilsson, Ebba 5, 168, 170

Ostashewski, N. 273

Özkul, A. E. 171

Padgett, L. 323

Paharia, N. 21

Palfreyman, D. 1

Pappano, L. 259

paradata 68

Paris 18, 45, 127, 238–239

participation 3, 5, 11–15, 20, 22, 33–36, 39–40, 93–97, 101–102, 106, 115–116, 121, 128, 131, 143, 150, 154, 171, 173, 200, 206, 260, 303, 315–316, 316, 325, 335–336. See also access to higher education; access to education

Participatory Action Research (PAR) 203, 206

Partridge, Helen 8, 125

Passeron, J. 24

Pawlyshyn, Nancy 239

Pearson Education 82

Peer to Peer University (P2PU) 79

Peltonen, Kati 7

Perryman, L. 45, 74, 87, 139, 144

Peter, S. 6, 199, 202, 282

Peters, O. 37, 42, 282

Phelan, L. 123

Picasso, V. 123

Pirnay-Dummer, P. 266

Pitman, T. 36

Pitt, Rebecca 4, 80

Ponti, M. 168

Porcello, D. 225

Powell, S. 167

PressBooks 183

Price, Paul C. 190

Prior Learning and Assessment Recognition (PLAR) 130

Prior Learning Assessment (PLA) 306, 312, 317

Punie, Y. 162, 169

Purushotma, R. 272

Puteh, M. 270

Queensland University of Technology (QUT) xvi

Reason, P. 203

Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) 273, 306, 312, 317

Redecker, C. 169

repositories viii, x, 4, 45, 51–64, 68, 69, 74, 79, 81, 87, 123, 180, 188–190, 223, 226, 231, 235, 244, 258–259, 267–268, 283, 295, 336, 337
content-type-specific repositories 58

Flickr 57–58
Github 59
Google Docs 59
Google Slides 59
OpenStax xvii, 18, 59, 75, 79, 84, 180
SlideShare 57, 59, 74
SoundCloud 59
Vimeo 57, 59, 65
Wikimedia Commons 59
YouTube 54, 56–59, 64–65, 74, 80, 82, 152–153
ePrints 57, 337
general repositories
Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching (MERLOT), the 60–61, 64, 79, 81, 224–226, 231, 235
institutional repositories. See also MIT OpenCourseWare project (MIT OCW); OpenLearn; U-Now Languages Open Resources Online (LORO) viii, x
subject specific repositories CORE-Materials 57
Humbox 62–63
Kritikos 53, 58, 64, 69–70

Research and Development Initiative (RDI) 286, 290–296

Research on Open Educational Resources for Development (ROER4D) 79

Riezvy, S. 161, 162

Rimini, M. 43, 322

risks of adopting an open education approach 60, 77, 147, 211–214, 334

Risku, H. 95

Ritzer, G. 36, 98

Robertson, J. 66, 259

Robinson, T. J. 24

Robison, A. 272

Rohs, M. 41, 43

Rolfe, V. 69

Rossman, G. B. 204

RSS (Really Simple Syndication) 54–55, 61, 151

Saito, M. 46

Saldana, J. 204

Samarawickrema, G. 168

Sangra, A. 161, 163, 172

Santos, J. 141, 162, 163, 169

Sass, M. 141

Saylor Academy 79, 190

scalability 7, 301

Scales, B. 119, 325

Scanlon, E. 323

Scharmer, O. 271

Schema. org 68–70

Schimmel, B. J. 260

Schlemer, Lizabeth 6, 202

Schön, D. A. 203

Schumn, C. 141

Schuwer, R. 259

Schwab, K. 285

Schwartz, Peter 6, 202

science 6
access to 6, 221–236
open science 7, 224, 281, 283–288, 295, 297–300
research 7

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) 6, 149, 221–226

Scott, B. 130

Scribd 57

Seal, T 87

Seaman 82, 223

Sen, A. 46

Senack, E. 122, 210

Sfard, A. 95

Shan, D. 167

Sheehan, N. T. 263

Shermis, M. D. 266

Siemens, G. 166, 167, 168

Silberman Keller, D. 97

Simmons, M. E. 222

Simpson, O. 38

Singer, M. 263

situated learning 4, 81, 93

Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) 284, 307

social inclusion 5, 15, 98, 115–116, 118–122, 128, 131, 325

social justice 8, 16, 40, 121, 192, 237, 321–322, 330–331, 333

South Africa 16, 79, 86
Cape Town 44
Siyavula 79, 80, 84, 86

Spain 103
Spanish 102, 103, 107, 110
Global Spanish 107, 110
Peninsular Spanish 107

Spector, M. 266

Spreng, R. N. 204

Spring, J. 22, 24

Stabell, C. B. 263

Stacey, P. 139, 140

Stagg, Adrian 5, 8, 125, 323, 327

Stallman, Richard 282

Standard for Learning Object Metadata (LOM) 67–69

Stangor, Charles 190

State University of New York (SUNY) 221, 226, 232
Biological Field Station, Oneonta 226

State University of New York (SUNY) Empire State College xiii, xix, xx

St John’s University, New York City ix

Sturtz, D. N. 273

Sugimoto, C. R. 98

Sumara, D. 96, 97, 102

Suoranta, J. 33

surveys 45, 78, 79, 82, 84, 88, 89, 99, 108, 126, 139, 143, 144, 145, 146, 147, 149, 150, 151, 240, 285, 293
SurveyMonkey 143

Tait, A. 40

Tannhäuser, C. 302, 305, 311, 312, 314, 317

Tapper, T. 1

Tapscott, D. 94

Tarry, Hammond 193

Tayebinik, M. 270

Taylor, Jim 180, 337

teaching 2, 5, 13, 16, 18–19, 34, 37–40, 43–44, 74, 80, 82, 84, 88, 95–97, 103, 118, 121–123, 125, 128–132, 139, 152, 159, 161–164, 168, 170, 172–173, 179–181, 184, 186–188, 190, 192, 195–196, 201–202, 206–208, 223, 225, 241, 253, 258–259, 262–263, 265–266, 271, 275, 282, 290–291, 295, 301, 303, 305, 322, 324, 326–328, 330, 332, 334, 336, 337

TED xi, 4–5, 81–82, 87, 93–94, 97–103, 107–109
TEDGlobal 98
TED Translators 93–94, 97–103, 107–109
Language Coordinators 100–101
OTPedia 100, 103
TED Translators Learning Series 100

TESS-India 78

textbook development 6, 179–180

Thelwall, M. 98

Thompson Rivers University ix, 182, 190

Thompson Rivers University-Open Learning (TRU-OL) 182

Tidewater Community College xx, 18, 88

Torbert, W. R. 203

Traina, I. 305, 312, 314

Trant, Jennifer 68

Trow, M. 1, 20

Tsai, C. C. 164

Tura, T. 292

Tynan, B. 323, 326

Udacity 41, 244. See also Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)

Udas, Ken 8, 199

United Kingdom 5, 16, 37–40, 43, 56–57, 74, 76, 88, 116, 123, 137–138, 145, 147, 150–151, 171, 302, 317, 323
Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) 74
Open Education Week 147
Project Co-PILOT (Community of Practice for Information Literacy Online Teaching) 79

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) 16, 22

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) xv, 16–18, 22, 25, 45, 160, 162–163, 165–166, 172, 238–239, 266, 282
Forum on the Impact of Open Courseware for Higher Education in Developing Countries, the 17
UNESCO World Open Educational Resources Congress 2012 238–239
Universal Declaration on Democracy 25

United Nations (UN) 25, 33, 238, 282
Millennium Development Goals 15, 33
Sustainability Development Goals 46
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) 25, 238
UN Millennium Development Goals initiative 15

United States of America 6, 17–18, 23, 43, 60–61, 75–76, 78, 82, 88, 103, 116, 123, 155, 191, 194, 200, 205, 211, 223, 225, 230, 240, 302, 302–304, 310, 315–316, 333
Achieving the Dream 18
Affordable College Textbook Act (2015), the 240
Alliance for Excellent Education 263
American Council on Education (ACE) 315–316
Bridge to Success 78
Carnegie credit hour 304
College Level Examination Program (CLEP) 303
Community College Consortium for OER (CCCOER) 78
DANTES Subject Standardized Tests (DSST) 303, 306
Department of Labor 76
Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College and Career Training (TAACCCT) 76
Educause 263
Excelsior College 303, 306–307, 310
Flipped Learning Network (FLN) 78, 80, 82, 85
G. I. Bill of 1944, the 23
Instructional Management Systems (IMS) 155
Open Badge Extensions for Education (OBEE) 155
Learning Registry 58, 69–70
Morrill Act of 1862, the 23
National College Credit Recommendation Service (NCCRS) 315–316
National Information Standards Organization (NISO) 66
OAI-PMH 61
UExcel examination program 303, 306

University of British Columbia xii

University of Edinburgh x

University of London 56

University of Nottingham 55, 61–62
U-Now 54–55, 61

University of Oxford 55, 63
Great Writers Inspire 55
OpenSpires 55, 63
Politics in Spires 63
World War I Centenary 55

University of Southampton 57
EdShare 57

University of Southern Queensland (USQ) xvi, xviii, 8, 125, 321–323, 327–339

University of Tasmania 125, 327, 336
Technology Enhanced Learning and Teaching White Paper 2014-18, the 125

University of Tasmania, Australia x

Upland Interpretive Center, Cooperstown, New York 226

US. See also Udacity

Uvalić-Trumbić, S. 165

Väänänen, Illka 7

Vanasupa, Linda 6, 202

Van Damme, D. 43, 322

Vandenberg, D. 22, 24

van Vught, F. 263

van Wyk, T. 117

Vavoula, G. 97

Vest, Charles 17

Vuorikari, R. 169

Wagner, S. U. 260

Wagner, W. 260

Waitinas, Catherine 6, 202

Wals, A. 34

Watson, L. 118

Webb, M. E. 266, 273

Weigel, M. 272

Weller, Martin 4, 41, 42, 45, 80, 161, 169–170

Wenger, E. 22, 95–96, 98, 100

Wenk, B. 327

West, Q. 296

Wette, R. 104

Wheeler, S. 170

Whiteley, D. 141

Whitley-Grassi, Nathan 6

Widanapathirana, C. 261

Wikimedia 59, 283

Wikipedia 79, 94, 315
Wikipedia Education Programme 94

Wild, J. 87

Wiley, Amy 6, 202. See also “Dark Reuse”

Wiley, David 14, 17, 24, 36, 44, 52, 75, 86, 87, 110, 190

Wilhelm, Deborah 6, 202

Wilhoite-Mathews, S. 164

Wiliam, D. 273

Willems, J. 323

William and Flora Hewlett Foundation ix, 2, 17, 17–18, 18, 74, 76, 138, 165, 195, 239, 254, 259, 263

Williams, A. D. 94

Williams, L. 88

Willis, J. E. 140

Wilson, T. 259

Winn, J. 37

Witthaus, G. 259, 308–309, 314

Woessmann, L. 24

Wood, L. N. 168

Woo, Kevin 6

Wordpress 183

Wright, C. 40, 201

Wu, M. 141

Wunsch-Vincent, S. 285

Xie, H. 273

xMOOCs 41. See also Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)

Xu, J. 164, 165

Yahoo! 67

Yandex 67

Yuan, L. 167, 282

Yu, P. 20

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