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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the 21st Century

Gordon Brown

Appendix A: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

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Note: the below text has been annotated with labels for each of the clauses and provisions (in bold). The Commission refers to these labels throughout the report.


  1. [the inherent dignity clause] Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,

  2. [the barbarism and aspiration clause] Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people,

  3. [the rebellion clause] Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law,

  4. [the friendly relations clause] Whereas it is ess...

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