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Tolerance

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Caroline Warman

15. Four aphorisms from Louis de Jaucourt (1704-1779), ‘Intolerant’, from the Encyclopédie, 1765; William Warburton (1698-1779), Essay on Egyptian Hieroglyphics, 1744; Rousseau, Émile, or On Education; and Anon., ‘Refugees’, from the Encyclopédie, 17651

Texte intégral

  • 1 Louis de Jaucourt, ‘Intolérant’, Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et d (...)

1The person who is intolerant towards or persecutes someone else, treating him like a wild animal just because he holds different views, has forgotten that they are both human. Religion is the pretext for this unjust tyranny, the result of which is that we refuse to tolerate any way of thinking that does not conform to our own.
Jaucourt

2But when we see our own countrymen reprobate their native language, and affect to employ only Bible phrases in their whole conversation, as if some inherent sanctity resided in the Eastern modes of expression, we cannot chuse but suspect such men far gone in the delusions of a heated imagination.
Warburton

3Humans do not naturally think. Thinking is a skill they learn like any other, only with greater difficulty. There are just two groups into which the sexes can really be separated: the group of people who think, and the group that never do. This difference arises almost exclusively from their education.
Rousseau

4What are we to think of the humanity and religion of those who advocate intolerance? Those who believe that violence can shake the faith of others give a contemptible impression of their sentiments and of the very stability of their own faith.
‘Refugees’

Read the entry for ‘Intolerant’ on the ARTFL Encyclopédie Project (text): http://artflsrv02.uchicago.edu/​cgi-bin/​philologic/​getobject.pl?c.7:2658.encyclopedie0513

Read the entry for ‘Intolerant’ on the ARTFL Encyclopédie Project (facsimile): http://artflsrv02.uchicago.edu/​cgi-bin/​extras/​encpageturn.pl?V8/​ENC_8-844.jpeg

Read online the free original text (facsimile) of Rousseau’s Œuvres complètes 1835 edition: https://books.google.fr/​books?id=aNFQAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA669&lpg=PA669Read

Read online the free original text (facsimile) of Warburton’s Essai sur les Hiéroglyphes des Égyptiens, 1744 edition: https://books.google.co.uk/​books?id=AFcVAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA60Read

Read the entry for ‘Refugees’ on the ARTFL Encyclopédie Project (text): http://artflsrv02.uchicago.edu/​cgi-bin/​philologic/​getobject.pl?c.12:2622.encyclopedie0513

Read the entry for ‘Refugees’ on the ARTFL Encyclopédie Project (facsimile): http://artflsrv02.uchicago.edu/​cgi-bin/​extras/​encpageturn.pl?V13/​ENC_13-907.jpeg

Notes

1 Louis de Jaucourt, ‘Intolérant’, Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, 1751-1772; William Warburton, Essai sur les Hiéroglyphes des Égyptiens – où l’on voit l’Origine & le Progrès du Langage & de l’Ecriture, l’Antiquité des Sciences en Égypte, & l’Origine du culte des Animaux, Traduit de l’Anglois de M. Warburthon, Avec des Observations sur l’Antiquité des Hiéroglyphes Scientifiques, & des Remarques sur la Chronologie & sur la première Ecriture des Chinois, Paris: Guerin, 1744, I, First Part, IX, pp. 59-60; Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Émile, ou de l’éducation, in his Œuvres complètes, Paris: Fourne, 1835, pp. 393-722; ‘Réfugiés‘, Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, 1751-1772: the article was probably written by Diderot.