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Knowledge and the Norm of Assertion

 | 
John Turri

Index

Texte intégral

abstentions 8

accuracy 8, 46, 47, 56, 82, 83

accusations 9, 24, 33

activities 46, 75, 77

adaptive behavioral traits 78, 81

affirmation 26

aggressiveness 9, 22, 23, 24, 33, 80

agreement ratings 15, 16, 54, 58, 72

analytic epistemology 76

ancient skeptics 2

animal

     behavior 4

     communication 5, 77

apparent evidence 42

Aristotle 4, 31

assertability judgments 12, 14, 15, 57, 64

assertion under oath 26 assurance 25

audiocentric responses. See listener- centered responses

Augustine 35

authority 8, 9, 10, 20, 24, 27, 33, 62

­

background assumptions 27

behavioral ecology 88

belief attributions 55, 84

biconditionals 50

birds 79, 80

blameless rule-breaking. See excuse validation

blame validation 45

­

calculation 28

case structure 41, 44

causal modeling 37

causal structure 44

certainty 58

challenges 2, 8, 9, 20, 24, 33, 49, 56, 64

cheap barn cases 43

cheating 34, 81

child psychology. See developmental psychology

cognitive psychology 11

commands 52

commitments 26, 28

communicative intent 27

competence 12, 35, 43, 82

complexity 5

concurrent restrictions 62, 64

conjunctions 9

constitutive norms 62, 64, 65

context 8, 23, 25, 52

continuity of philosophy and science 3, 88

contradictions 51, 52

controversial assumptions 76

conventional

     mechanisms 26, 27

     signals 80

conventions 26, 27, 81

counterexamples 51, 56, 61, 67, 68, 69

creationism 54

credibility 29

criticism 66

cues 78

data 4. See experimental data, observational data, pre-theoretic data

deception. See lying decision evaluations 73, 74

decisions 68, 69, 71, 72, 75, 76, 77

declarative sentence 2

definite propositions 52

demonstration. See instruction

denial 27, 28

deontological rule 62

developmental psychology 10, 55, 83

disapproval 35, 66

discretion 62, 63

disunified responses 57

doubt 53, 55

empirical research 3

entitlement 27

environmental threat 41

epistemic

     state 8

     status 57

escalation 9

ethogram 4

ethology 4, 80, 88

evaluative judgments 40, 50, 57, 64, 69, 71, 72, 74

evidence 39, 42, 70, 71, 73

evolutionary

     biology 88

     theory 54

exceptionless standards 75

exceptions 22, 32, 57

excuse validation 47

experimental

     controls 11, 43, 71, 74

     data 11, 40, 43, 54, 57, 58, 69, 70, 72, 73

     research 4

     science 88

explanation 16, 31, 32, 33, 34, 42, 50,

75, 76, 77

explanatory disconnect 42, 43

express knowledge account of assertion 17

factive norms 12, 13, 69, 70, 71

facts 22, 31

failure 20, 36

fairness 46

fake barn cases 41, 42, 43

fallible evidence 42

false assertions 50

Franklin, Benjamin 87

general conversational mechanisms 27

Gettier

     cases 41, 43, 44

     Edmund 41

Gettiered

     assertions 41

     beliefs 41

group membership 78, 81

guesses 25, 52

hedging 10, 24

Hempel, Carl 34

honest signals. See signaling

honesty guarantees 79

human

     civilization 21

     condition 61

ignorance 21, 30, 83

ignorant assertions 39, 41, 82

implicit judgments 43, 50, 83

inconsistency 9, 10, 24, 33, 51

inducing belief 20

inference 28

information 21, 73, 77, 78, 81

     constraints 79, 80, 82

     inside vs outside 73, 74

     sharing practices 61, 65

     transmission of 21, 22, 25

instruction 22, 23, 24, 25

intellectual prejudice 5

intergroup calls 81

introspective observation 7, 11

intuition pump 13, 56

isolated utterances 50, 52

justification 10, 29, 56, 69

kinship 78

know how 25

knowledge

     attributions. See psychology of knowledge attributions judgments 13, 14

     propositional vs procedural 22, 31

     second-order vs first-order 28, 29

     transmission 17, 19, 20, 77

knowledge account of assertion. See simple knowledge account of assertion

known-false account of lying. See lying

legality 9, 33, 74

lie-detection 35

linguistic

     anthropology 11

     community 11

     data 3

     performance 31

     production and interpretation 11 rules 11

listener-centered responses 20

locked doors 25, 26, 28

luck 39, 41

lying 37

matched conditions 43, 47

mechanisms 26, 27, 28, 79, 80, 82

memory 39, 40, 69, 80

mental state

     attributions 55

     verbs 10

mercy 22, 27, 32

Mill, John Stuart 47

misunderstanding 11, 22, 32, 72

modulating assertion 10

moral psychology 5

naturalistic observation 4

natural selection 78, 83

negative assertions 40

non-factive norms 69

non-human

     animals 2

     primates 84

norm

     of assertion 2, 7, 12, 30, 51, 52, 56, 61, 62, 63, 65, 75, 77, 87

     of belief 68, 69, 71, 75, 77

     of decision 68, 69, 71, 74, 75, 77

     of explanation 31, 32, 33

     of guaranteeing 28

     of instruction 25

     of questioning. See questioning

     of showing. See showing

normative

     conversational mechanisms 27, 29

     intuitions 11, 12

observational data 7, 11, 49

ordinary

     competence. See competence judgments 41

     speech 8

organisms 78

organizing principles 2

paradox 50, 51, 72

pedagogy 22

perceptual evidence 42

perfect vs imperfect requirements 62, 63, 64, 75

performance errors 13, 55

permission 8, 62, 63, 66, 67

philosophy of science 34

phonocentric responses. See speaker-centered responses

Plato 29

politeness 27 possibility of error 42

potential 26, 27, 29

powers 82, 83, 84

practical reasoning 68, 76

pragmatics 11, 35

praise 66

predators 79

prefacing 18, 19

pre-theoretic data 49, 50

prime pedagogical principle 25

probability 72, 73, 74

progress in philosophy 61, 87

promising 12, 26

prompts 7, 18, 22, 56, 57

propositions 2

prudence 30, 63

psycholinguistic research 11

psychology 11, 55, 76, 88 of knowledge attributions 44, 85

questioning 18, 30

     implicitly vs explicitly 9

rationality 55, 64, 71

reasonable false assertions 39, 40, 44, 45, 47, 63, 67, 68, 69

receiver retaliation 80

regression analysis 13, 37, 48

relevance conditionals 19

religious

     belief 54, 55

     texts 3

repertoire matching 79, 80

representation 84

reputational costs 81, 82

requests 21, 32

responsibility 26

rule-breaking 47

rule-governed activity 3

safety 54

saying that you know 26 selfless assertions 53, 54, 55

self-representation 8, 9, 10, 24, 33, 56

semantics 11

Shakespeare, William 3, 4

showing 22, 23, 24, 25

signaling 2, 81

simple knowledge account of assertion 3, 17

skeptical responding 81

skill transmission 21, 22, 25

social

     cognition 40, 55, 58, 84

     controversy 54

     dominance 80

     observation 7, 11

     policing 80, 82

     practice 2, 5, 51, 62

     psychology 35

     status 55

song matching 80

speaker-centered responses 20

speech acts 12, 52, 62, 63

stakes 13, 40, 76

statements 35, 40, 45, 46

statistical

     analysis 74

     decision procedures 73

stimuli 15, 40

suberogatory action 66

supererogatory action 66

sustaining practices 83

swearing 26

syntax 11

telling 22

testable predictions 11, 12

theoretical neutrality 41

theory-laden intuitions 50

thought experiments 35, 53, 55, 76

truth sensitivity 70, 71

understanding 34

unified responses 57

unintentional rule-breaking. See excuse validation

unlucky falsehoods 41

unwritten rules 4

vaccines 54

value of knowledge 30

vervet monkeys 81

vindication 9

witnesses 26, 72

Wittgenstein, Ludwig 28

written assertions 13

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