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Stories from Quechan Oral Literature

 | 
A. M Halpern
, 
Amy Miller

3. Xarathó

Jessie Webb Escalante
Traduction de Barbara Levy, George Bryant et Amy Miller

Texte intégral

1Jessie Webb Escalante told the story Xarathó on March 14, 1979 to an audience which included her daughter Tessy Escalante as well as Abe Halpern. Tessy Escalante later helped Halpern to review his transcript of the story.

Notes and synopsis

2The main character of this story is Xwetsxwéts (Oriole), who lives happily with his two beautiful wives and their children. One day, Coyote bewitches Oriole, with the result that Oriole suddenly finds himself alone in a cold place high above the four levels of heaven. He is taken in by an old blind man (who happens to be the title character, Xarathó, although his name is not mentioned in this telling of the story) and his two daughters. Oriole teaches the family to eat deer meat and introduces them to corn, melons, beans, and pumpkins (which of course are staples of the traditional Quechan diet).

3Oriole misses his home. His weeping is noticed by Buzzard. In exchange for a nice rotten deer, Buzzard carries Oriole home on his back and leaves him near his home with the instruction that he must lie face down for four days before returning to his family. Oriole tries to do as he is told, but when he sees that Coyote has taken over his family and is mistreating his wives and children, he jumps up in anger — and finds himself instantly transported back to the cold place above the four levels of heaven.

4Eventually Oriole is carried to his home again, this time on Spiderʹs silken thread. Spider likewise instructs him to lie face down for four days. This time Oriole manages to do as he is told. After four days he gets up to find his wives and children abused and starving. The wives are pregnant with Coyoteʹs children. Oriole causes his wives to miscarry and cooks the fetuses into a porridge. Leaving the porridge for Coyote to eat, Oriole and his family dig a tunnel and escape. They travel across the ocean and settle on the other side.

5Coyote tracks them down. He is now in bad shape himself: he is very thin, and food goes right through him. Oriole sews up Coyoteʹs anus so that he may retain what he eats, and he allows him to remain with the family.

6This story is rich in traditional Quechan themes. The spiritual powers of the First People are vividly on display throughout. Characters love their home and are homesick when separated from it. The ritual number four occurs often in this story, as it does throughout traditional Quechan literature (see Bryant and Miller 2013 and chapters 1 and 4-6 of this volume). Even the practice of sewing up the anus occurs in several Quechan stories, including “Kukumat Became Sick” (Halpern 1976).

7The character of Coyote is famous in Quechan literature (see, for instance, Emerson and Halpern 1978, Escalante 1984a, b, c, Escalanti 1984) and throughout Native America (see Bright 1993). Some say that Coyote is a symbol of mankind (Bright 1993: 22), and in the story Xarathó we see some of Coyoteʹs most human characteristics: he can be greedy and treacherous, yet he is also vulnerable. In the story Xarathó, Coyote is eventually forgiven — a twist not found in every Coyote story.

Xarathó

8Told by Jessie Webb Escalante

9Nyaayúuts nyaváyk siivá.
Xwetsxwéts.

10Nyaváyk siivák,
athúm,
'anyáa atspák viithíim,
nyaayúu mattxalykwáayk viiyáa.

11Nya'iipá nya'uutíish ashtúum,
viiyáa.

12Viiyáak,
'aqwáaq akyáam,
awím,
kamíim.
Nyaatsavéts xavíkəm nyaatsavétsk —
pa'iipáa 'iixán nyiikwanáaməts,
uuváak,
sanyts'áak 'axúutt-tan xavíkəm nyaatsavétsk viivá.

13Viivák,
athúm,
kamíim,
nyuumáayk nyuutara’úyk,
nyuusóoy.

14'Anyáayk viithíim,
athúum,
vuuváat,
nyiimán.

15Uuváam,
aváts viitháawk,
'avák atháawk viitháw,
'axá ayáak,
'a'íi xalykwáak,
athúm,
viitháw.

16Kamíim,
alyúlyk,
asóotsk,
athótk vuunóot.

17Nyaayáantik,
viiyáat.
'Anyáa atspák,
viiyáak,
nya'uutíish 'iipá tsa'úlyk viiyáa.

18Viiyáaxáyəm,
nyaayúuts siithíitapat.
Xatalwéts!

19Siithíik,
láw a'étk ayúut.
“Móo,
nyáav manyváyk ammavák mathútya?”
a'ét.

20“Mm,
nyáav 'anyváyk,”
a'ím.

21“Nyi'mánək va'uuváak 'athótk'ash,”
a'ét.
“'Anyáa atspák avathíim,
nyaayúu 'xalykwáak.

22“Va'athótk.
'Anyváyk.
'Axóttk,
sanyts'áakts xavík nyiitháawk athúm.
Xuumáarəts nyiitháwəntik athúm.

23“Nyi'mánək va'uuváak 'athósh,”
a'ét.

24Xatalwéts a'ávək viiv' áwk;
“Áa-áa,
xóttəm,” a'ét.
“Nyiinyaatuuqwérəly 'aaly'étk 'av'áw 'athútya,”
a'ét.

25“Móo,
'axóttk.
'Aváts nyáasiivák siivám;
nyáasi mayém,
nyaamayúuk,
nyáasi.

26“Maváam,
mayúuxa.
'Anyaatsavéts nyáasi atháwk siitháwm,”
a'ét.

27Av'áwk viiv'áwk.
Xatalwényanyts —
iithónyənyts —
thó kwaly'iimée vathí tsamíim,
vaawée awétk —
atháwk,
ta'ora'órək vaawé'étk atáp!

28'Aqwés 'ora'órəts athót!

29Tuupák anák;
viivát.

30Láw 'étk ayúut.
Nya'uutíish nya'iipá nyuutháwk,
vaawíim,
viiyáa.

31Viiyáatəm,
Xatalwényts ayúuk viiv'áw.

32Véem véem a'íik aaly'éxáyk,
'amáy athík aatsuumpáp!
Alyav'áw a'étk alyav'áw —
viiv'áwk!

33Láw a'étk ayúum —
'amátt-ts xáam athúum —
ayúuk viiv'áw.

34Nyiiv'áwk,
“Ka'thómtanək 'athóm?”
a'étk uuvá.
Anák siivát.

35A'ávək siivám;
'a'áwəts axwíivəm,
a'áv.

36Kwataráats axwíivəm a'áv.
Siivát;
“Makyímtan a'éməm?”
aaly'étk a'ávək siivát.

37Nyaav'áwk,
nyamkanyók viiyáatk,
axwíivany a'ávək viiyáa,
viiyáa.

38'Aváts siivám aváam.

39Nyaayúu,
'aványts xanapáatsk vuunóony,
nyiikwév.

40Xanapáatsk 'uuy'úuy a'étk,
nyiikwévəm,
nyáavily aakxávək aashmátstəka.

41Kwara'ák tasínyməts alythík,
'aaxwíirək aapáayk alythík,
xanapáats.

42Mashtxáats xavík alytháawkəm,
uushmáam nyiitháawəntik athúm.

43“Móo,
pa'iipáats aváak,” a'ím.
Kwara'ákənyts a'ávək avathík.

44“Kaakxávəm,
ashmáawú,”
a'ét.

45Atháwk,
aakxáv.
Xanapáats nyiipáam,
qatsíiiwsh a'étk uuváat.

46Apáa alya'émətək uuváat,
xatsúurtəm athúm,
qatsíiiwsh a'étk viiyém
viithíit a'étk uuváa.

47“Ka'áv!
Pa'iipáa kwaváany alyuunéxəmpiny!”
a'ét.

48“Katháwk,
atók katsamíim,
ashmáawú,”
a'ét.
Mashtxáany a'íim.

49Atháwk,
iisháaly taxuupályk viiwáamk,
atók tsamíim.
Alythík viithíkət.

50Ashmáa kwa'átsk viithík.

51Viithík,
'anyáayk viithíim,
amánək.
Atspámk.
'Atsayúut,
láwaláw 'étk uuváat.

52Nyaayúuny —
'aqwáaqənyts viithíik,
'aványi uunóok vuunóo.
'Aqwáaq 'uupályəny nyiináam,
matt-tsapéek,
'aqwáaqányts.

53Ayúutk uuváat.

54Vanyuuváak,
'ashént atháwk tapúy.
Matsáat avuuváakəm,
'ashént atháwk tapúy.
Kamíim,
ayóovək viitháw.
Mashtxáanyts ayóovək viitháw.

55“Kaa'émk a'ím uuváak,
mattatéeyəny.
Tapúyk vuuthíik awím,”
a'ét.

56Nyáany asóotsk athúulya' émək,
'qwáaqa.
Shatmatháavək.

57Xaalyíists a'íim,
'amátt nyiipáam viithík,
xavashúuk viithíkəm,
nyáava ashtúum alyúlyk amátst,
nyaanymáamtəka.
Vuunóot.

58Vanyuunóok,
'aqwáaq avány kamíim,
alyúlyk vuunóo.
Uushák nyiinyáay:
'a'íi atháwk,
uushák vaawíim,
avány áayk,
avány áayk awíma.

59Amáam a'ávəny,
manyéem a'áv.

60Vathány vaawétk uuváat.

61'Anyáa atspák avathíim,
nyáany ayáak.
Tapúyk,
kamíim,
alyúly,
nyuusóoyk awétk vuunóot.

62Nyamáam,
manyéem uu'áav.
Kwara'ákəts siithík alyaskyíim,
'a'íim uushák áaytsəm,
asóok a'áv.

63“Pa'iipáa kwaváanyts mattatéeyəny awépatəm;
ka'ávək” a'í,
aaíim áaytsəm asóok a'áv.
Mattkwiisháayəm a'ávk 'ét.
Manyéetanək 'ét.

64Viithíkt.

65Uuváak,
viiyáak,
'amáttəny láw 'ím ayúum;
'amáttənyts mattkwiisháay.
'Atsnyiitsuuváwxats athúum.

66Ayúuk viiv'áw.

67Siiv'áwk,
nyáasi aa'ámpək.
Nyáasi athík,
amétk siithíkt.

68“Kaathomtank av'uuváak?” a'étk,
athók aaly'étk,
amétk,
siithíkt.

69Siithík,
kór alynyaayémək suuváa.
'Anyáa atspák viithíim,
viiyáak,
nyáasi athík amétk athótk,
uuváat.

70Kór alynyaayémək,
vanyuuváam,
nyaayúuts ayúuk suuváa.
'Aqáaq.
Ayúuk suuváa.
'Amáyəm áamək ayúuk uuváa.

71“Athótk,
kaawítstanəts athúum
'atsaváwəm 'axóttxas athósh?”
a'íim,
alynyiithúutsk siithík.

72Vanyaayáantim,
'amáyəm áamək —
ayóqt.

73Ayóq.
Tathíts ayóq.

74Nyaayúu xáam kwuuthúts tsáamək awét,
áay.
'Amáttəny aapáx.

75Tathíts athótk,
tsam'iitóts athótk,
'axmátts athótk athót.

76Ashtúum,
'amáttnyi,
awíim amánək ashtúum tsaváwk uuvát.
'Amáttəny axwélyk alyaapáx aapáx awétk,
viiwáam.

77Uuváatk uutara' úytək.
'Anyáa atspák avathíim,
nyáasily uuváak,
'anyáaxáv,
nyáasily athík,
amétk siithíktək.
Uuváa.

78Uuváak,
kór alynyaayém,
'atsaamáatsənyts nyamáam lyavíik.
Tathítsənyts nyamáam athíitsk 'ét.

79Tsam'iitóny nyamáam 'axwéttk,
'axmáts athúum,
nyáalyvíik athót.
Ayúutk suuváa.

80Tathítsəny xiipúk ashtúu vuuthíitk kamíim.
Aatsuuyóoyəm ayúuk.
Shatmatháavət,
pa'iipáanyanyts.
Mashtxáanyts shatmatháavət.

81“Kaawíts athúum mawíim mawéməm?”
a'étk;
ayóovxa.

82Alyúlyək vuunóok,
taamáatsk nyuumáay.
Kwara'ák kwatasínyməny áayk awím.

83'Axótt-təm a'ávək,
amátst.
'Ashíintəm awétk vuunóot.
Tsam'iitó awétk,
matuuqwés awétk,
awétk vuunóot.
Nyiáayəm amátst.
'Axmáts a'íim awíim,
maaríikts a'íim awíim,
awét.

84Vuunóom;
siitháaw,
nyaamáam shatuupáwk siitháaw.
“Móo,
'anyáa vathám,
'aayáam mayúuxa,”
a'ét.

85Nyiishtúum viitsawé.
Kwapárək tsatssháattk nyaatsuuyóoyəm.
“Kayúuk!
Vatháts athúum!

86“Vathány kashtúum,
kamáam!”
a'ím.
“Vathány vakawíim,”
a'ím,
aatsuuyóoyəm,
ayúuk viiv'áw.

87“Xwóott!
Mattkwiisháay kwa' átsk,”
a'ím,
ashtúum,
uukyéttk ashtúum,
'avá tsakayáak.

88Vuunóo.
Nyáava athótk uuváat.

89“Vathány vamawíim muunóo.
Vatháts nyaarúvəm,
mashtúum,
matsáam.

90“Muukavék mashtúum,
'amátt matsakxávəm,
atspáam,
nyáalyavíitəntim mayúuxa,”
a'íim,
nyuukanáavək vuunóom,
a'ávətsək siitháw.

91Siitháwk.
Kór alynyaayéməm,
nyáamínyəm'áshk uuváa.

92Nyaayúuts siiv' áwm,
nyáany maxák athík,
amétk suunóot.

93Amétk vuunóo,
'anyáanyts axávət,
'anyáanyts axávtək uuváa.

94'Anyáa axávəm,
'avá kayáak viithíik a'étk awím.

95Uuváak,
kór alynyaayémk,
uuváam,
ayúuk.

96'Ashéets 'amáy alyuuváak,
ayúuk uuváat.
Aakwíin.
Aa'óoyvək uuváa.

97Uuváak,
kór alynyaayém.

98“Móo,
pa'iipáa vatháts,
nyáaviithík viithíkəm,
'uuyúuny 'uuyúuny
kór alynyaayémt.

99Apúyk nyaathúum,
asháxəm 'a'ávxa 'aaly'íim 'uuváany,
nyiiríish a'étk viithík.
'Ayúutk 'uuváat,” a'ét.
Suuváat.

100Atsénək viithíik,
makórəny ta'úur a'étk
anákt.

101“Móo,
Pa'iipáa!
Máanyts nyáavəm mathík ammathík.
Mapúyk nyaama' íim,
masháxəm 'a'ávxa 'aaly'íim.
'Ayúuk 'uuváa.
Nyiiríiish a'étəm'a' áv.
'Uuváa.
Va'thíik 'athótk'ash,” a'ét.

102“Kaawítstan kamathómək viimuuváak,
nyiimamán mathúum?”
a'étəm.

103“Áa-á,
'anyáats matt'akanáavəm ma'ávxa.”

104“'Anyáats nyáavi 'anyváyk,
'a'axóttk,
nyáasi 'uuváak sa'uuváatk 'athútya.

105“'Uuváak.
Xuumáar 'awíim nyi'tsáam.
'Anyaatsavéts xavíkəm;
'anyaatsavétsk 'athúm.

106“Sa'uuváak 'athótəny,
pa'iipáats aváamk,
vaawítsəm.

107“Nyaayúu nyaatsuuyóoyk,
awíik a'étk,
awítstəm;
láw 'a'étk 'ayúuxayk,
avíly 'av'áw 'a'étk,
av'uuváat.

108“Av'uuváatk,
'atkuuvékxəny,
nyam'uuthíitxəny,
'ashmathíitk 'uuváak 'athótk'ash,”
a'ét.

109“Nyáava 'iiwáanyts 'alyáaytəm 'athótk'ash,”
a'ét.

110“'Axótt-ta,
muu'ítsa.
'A'ávək 'avák.”

111*** *** ***

112'Ashéenyts aváamək ayúuk,
vaa'íim,
mattkanáavək vuunóok,
pa'iipáany.

113Kanáavək vuunóom nyaa' ávək,
“'Anyáats 'a'íim ma'ávxa,”
a'ím.

114“Máanyts,
'aqwáaq katapúyk avík katsamíim.
Viithík viithík,
asháx ta'axánək,
'amaa'íilykəv ta'axánəm
'aváak.

115“'Aallyéerəqək va'uunóok,
'atóo ta'axánək,
nyáava,
'a'íim ma' ávxa,”
a'ét.

116“Xóttk,”
a'íim.

117A'íim,
ayáa kwa'átsk,
'aqwáaqəny ayáak.
Tapúyk,
kamíim,
nyiitsamíim,
viithík.

118Shamáts tsuumpáp táx nyaa'íim,
asháxk 'amaa'ílyk kwa'átsəm,
matt-tsapéem a'áv.
Uuváak,
'Ashéenyts 'amáyəny uuváak,
aa'óoyk uuváa.

119Vanyuuváak,
atsénək vanyaathíik,
nyiináak a'ét.

120Nyiináak a'étk awím,
asóo kwa'átsk uuváa.
Vuunóony vuunóok,
atsáavək,
nyiinyép.

121Anák,
malyxóny 'amáyly tséek,
llyép llyép llyép llyép a'étk vanyaawét.

122Uuváam ayúuk awím.

123“Móo,”
a'ét,
vanyaathíik aváak.
Nyaamínym'áshk siithík a'ím.

124“Kayúukíi!
Máanyts,
kamánək nyaakayúuk!
'Iisháalyəny matt'aashlíilək,
'awíim,
nyáanyəm katslyuuvévək,
miimény 'aa'ártsəm katslyuuvévək kawíim.
Kuunóok,
kaavíirək,
alykathíkəm nyatháwk,
nyatatsénú,”
a'ét.

125“Xóttk,”
athúu kwa'átsk.

126Axtáttəly nyaa'órək alythík kwa'átsk,
iisháalyəm nyamtsalyuuvévək.
Atháwk vuuthíik,
ayérək yáash a'étk,
tatsénk vuuthíit.

127Aakwíiin aakwíiin a'étk,
vuuthíi.

128Vuuthíik,
nyavá 'avuumáktan shátt awét.

129Láwaláw a'étk ayúuny.

130Nyaványts viivát.

131Apéttk nyiithíkəm.

132“Móo,
nyáavi mathík viimathíktəxa,” a'ét.

133“Nyáavi kaa'ámpək viikathík.
Máan ka'íilyka'ém.
Nyáavi kathík viikathíkəny,
viikathík.
Shamáts tsuumpáp táx a'íim,
nyamáam,
mamán,
manyvány makayáamma.

134“Nyaayúuts anáwəm ma'ávəs,
mamán alyma'émətəxa.
Viimáthíktəxa.
Máan ma'éxayk,
matkavéktəxa.”
A'íim vuunóok aavíirəm,
a'áv.

135“'Athóxa.”

136Vuunóok aavíirəm,
aa'ámpətk aa'ámp,
nyaayúuk,
takavék viithíit.

137Siithík kwa'átsk,
'anyáa nyamnyaaxávəm,
Xatalwényts aváak avuuváak.

138Nyaayúu'anyóyəm awíim.

139Viiyém —
'atsxalykwáak athúuk a'ím,
viiyémək,
nyaayúu,
xam'aqatháashk awétk,
'atsíi apúy awétk a'ím,
'aavée apúy awétk,
xam'aavíir,
kaawíts viikwáam tsáam,
xamuulól.

140Ashtúum,
kamíim,
sanyts'áakəny a'ím,
“Muká,
kamátsk!”
a'éta.

141Amáts alya'émt.
Xuumáar uumáay,
amáa alya'émək athót.

142Masharáy.
'A'íi atháwk,
nyiaatsqwíttk uuváa,
Xatalwényányts.
“Kamátsk!
kamátsk!” a'étk uuváa,
nyiitatavíirək vuunóo.

143Xuumáarənyts aatsqwéttk viiwém,
'aványm uukatskwénək vuunóo.
Tsavakyév matsats'íim,
viiwáamək,
nyuuthíik.

144Vatháts 'avuumák aa'ámpək viithík,
xalyapántan nakwíin.
Xalyapántan nakwíinək vuunóotk,
a'ávək avathík.

145“Móo,
'ayáak,
'a'íim a'ávxa,” a'étk,
máan a'ét.

146Iiwáa atháam,
máan a'étk,
athúuk a'étk:
'amáyəly av'áw a'ét —
takavék!

147Takavék aváamtək.

148Siithíkt,
nyuuthík vanyaathíkəm'ashk amétk siithík.
'Anyáa atspák viithíi.

149“Kamathóm maváalyma'émətəm?
'Ayúutk av'atháwəny,”
a'ét.

150“Áa,
av'uuváas 'athótk,” a'ét.
Kanáav alya'émtək.

151Xanapáats matt-tsapéem,
alynyaathúun,
nyaashmányəm'ashtək siithíkt.

152Tók tsamítsəm,
nyiithík ashmátk siithík.

153'Anyáa atspákəm,
amán.

154***

155Nyuuthík siiyémək,
amétk suunóo,
'anyáa nyaaxáv —
nyaathúnym'ashtək uuváat.

156Aváamək ayúut.
'Ashéenyts aváamək ayúut.
“Nyuukanáapa ma'ám!
'Anyáats ammathóxa 'a'íim!
Nyuukanáav 'awét!
Nyaamáamtək athútya!
'Awíntixats alyathómək,” a'ét.

157A'ávək,
amétk siithík.

158Siithík,
'akór alynyaayémək,
suuváa.

159Suuváam,
nyaayúuts aváamək ayúut.

160Xalytótt-ts.
Aváamək ayúut.

161“Móo,
kaawíts kamathúum?” a'íim.
“Aví kamathúum?”
a'étəm.

162Kanáavək vuunóot.
“Nyáasi 'amánək va'thúum va'thíiny.

163“'Atkuuvékxany 'ashmathíik,
nyáavi 'uuváatk va'uuváatk 'athót,”
a'ét.

164“Nyayúuk va'uuváak.
Ammathúum nyayúuk va'uuváakəm,
nyáavəm mathíkəm 'ayúutəntik,
nyáavəm mathíkəm 'ayúutəntik va'uunóo,
'a'étka,”
a'ét.

165“Xóttk nyaathúm.
'Anyáa atspák viithíim,
'aváaxá.
Va'thíik 'aváak.
Nyatháwk nyatatsénxa.
'Anyáats.”

166“Xóttk.”

167Nyaawíi kwa'átsk:
aváam,
nyiinákəm,
axtáttəny taxpíly,
atháwk,
lóoooq awétk vuuthíit.
Uukwíiiin uukwíiiin a'étk vuuthíit,
nyavá 'avuumák shátt awét.

168“Móo,
nyáavi kathík viikathík.
Viikathík,
shamáts tsuumpáp táx a'ím,
nyamáam,
mamánək,
manyvá makayáamma,”
a'ét.

169“Xóttk,”
nyaa'ét.
Nyavá 'avuumák nyaathíkəm'ashk siithíkt.

170Nyaawínyəm'ashtək vuunóok,
aatsqwíttk vuuthíik,
viiwáak vuunóot.

171A'ávək siithík.

172Siithík,
siithík,
uumánxa matt-tsapéem a'ávəs athótk
alyathík,
alyaskyíik siithík.

173Siithík,
shamáts nyaatsuumpápəm,
“Móo,
nyamáam!”
a'ét.

174Máan a'étk,
amánək a'áv.
Takavékəntik kaathúu aaly'étk viithíixayk,
xótt-təm,
vanyaathíik vanyaathíik,
nyavá aváat.

175Nyaayúuny,
nyaatsavétsənyts,
akwérvək vuunóonyk nyiikwévək,
iimáatt tsanályk vuunóony nyiikwévtan.

176Nyiitháwk viitháw;
matsáam apóoy.

177Matsats'étk siitháw.

178Xuumáarəts nyaalyvéek athót.
Ayúut siiv'áw.

179'Aványənyts —
'atsíipúy kwashént,
kaawíts xam'aavíir,
kaawíts viikwáam,
kwasháxənyts kaa'éepəm,
ayóovək siiv'áw.

180Siiv'áw.
“Xwóott,” aaly'étk,
ayúuk siiv'áw.

181'Atsaayúu nyaaxalykwáantik viiyém,
viitháawəm,
ayúmək a'ét.
Xatalwévəts.

182Nyiiríish a'étəm ayóov,
sanyts'áakəts avatháwəm ayóov.
Ayúuk siiv'áw.
“Kamuuvíly ta'axánk!
Tathíts katawáam!”

183Tathíts tawáam vuunóo.
Xuuvíkəly awítsk suunóokəm,
aavíir.

184Tashkyén atháwk nyiitáp.
“Alykashuuvíik!"
alyshuuvíik vuunóo.

185Xuumár ayóov a'étk viitháawk athót,
xuuvíkəly,
Xatalwé nyaxuumáar.

186Uutóoyətk uuvát,
xuuvíkəly.
Ayúuk siiv'áw.

187“Móo,
avík kakav'órək!
Avík kakav'órək kathúum!
a'étəm,
avík kav'órək,
avík kav'órək,
shuuvíiny.

188Axtáttəny sqám sqám awétəm,
xuumáarənyts alyanály.
Llyóq a'étk anályvəm.
Aváts avány avawíntik vuunóok,
aavíirək awét.

189Alyshuuvíik vuunóok vuunóok vuunóok,
aavíirək,
nyiiyápk anamák.
“Móo,
nyamáam,
'astuukyáany!”
nyaa'ét.

190Nyiinyaashtúum,
'avá kwaaxwíirək,
axwélyk vuunóok,
nyáanyəm uupúuv.

191Uupúuvək,
nyaayúu nyamtsapéttk vuunóok,
aavíirək,
viiwétsk,
maxák náamək viiwéts.
Axwílyk vanyaawéts.

192'Atátt a'ím tsapéttk.

193Nyaayúu nyamtsapéttk,
'amátt kaawíts nyamtsapéttk,
viiwétsənyk,
viiwéts,
'akór nyayémtan,
nyáasily uutspám.

194Vanyaawétsk,
xaasa'íly katánmək,
uuv'óok suuv'óo.

195Suuv'óok,
amáam,
'axá nanák viiwétsk.

196Vatháts'anyáa nyamaxávəm nyaaváak,
ayúuny,
nyiirísh a'étəm ayúut.

197Shuuvíivats viivám atháwk,
amáam vuunóony,
atsáav.

198Nyaxuutsamáarəny,
alyshuuvíik vuunóok kwavíirəny,
amáam vuunóok,
atsáav.
Nyáany atsáavəntik awét.

199Nyaamáam,
nyiixalykwáak,
axwíitsk awáamək,
nyaayúuny axwíits aaly'étk suuváa.

200“Vathám axávəta,”
a'ét.
“Vathám ayémta,”
a'ét.
Viiyáat.

201Vanyaayáak,
vanyaayáak,
vanyaayáak,
xaasa'íly vakamée a'étk siiv'áw.
Nyiiríish a'étəm ayúuk.

202Aváts'axá nanák viiwétsk,
xaasa'íly 'axkyéely nyaváytsək,
siitháw.

203'Aqwáaq nyaayáanyəm'áshk awím,
ashílyk,
alyúlyk,
asóotsk siitháw.

204Vatháts,
Xatalwényts,
nyiixalykwáak uuváak.

205'Axá tuunák viiyáak,
alyvák,
iixúuny tsatspátsk;
alyvák,
kó kó kó kó kó awíi viiyáany.
'Anyaaxávíi,
qwalayéwíi,
'anyaxávíi a'étk viiyáa.

206Vatháts,
'aqwáaq wée qalyamáa atháwk,
'a'áw atápəm,
axwíivək.

207Xatalwéva aqásk,
awíim,
iixúuny aapáayv a'étəm,
a'ávək;
axwíivəts.

208“Viitháwəta!
Nyáavik atháwk viitháwəta!”
a'ét.

209'Ashúts nyáavik nyaváyk viiváta,”
a'étk,
iixúu nyiktathómpək a'áv.
Viiyáat.

210Vanyaayáak,
'axá sa'íly atónyi avák,
amíim vuunóot.

211Amíim,
“Wóoow,” a'étk vuunóo.

212“Móo,
aviithíit!
Ka'áv!”
a'ét.

213“Avathíita!”
a'étk,
siitháw.

214A'áv a'ím awétk awím,
nyaayúu,
'aqwáaq wée xalyamáany 'a'áw atápəm,
kwaxwíivənyts iixúusily aváam,
a'ávək siiyáak,
nyáanyi.

215Kanyótk siiyáat.

216Nyaayáak aváam.

217Nyiináak a'ét.

218“'Aváak,
matt'aaxavík,” a'étəm;
“Áa ”
a'ét.

219Ayúutəm,
siivát,
akwérpak vuunóony,
pa'iipáats alyathóm,
iithóony,
nyiikwalaxúyk nyiikwévəm,
siivát.

220Siivám,
nyaayúu uutáap,
áaytsəm,
tsapóxtək siivá.

221'Aqwáaq awím,
áaytsəm,
amáam —
asóok siivák.

222Av'áwxaym,
llyóq a'étk anályta.
“'Uunyíi 'atsanályəm athósh,”
a'ét.

223Tuuwámp a'étk atháwk,
amátk athótk siivát.

224Ayúutk siivát,
Xwetsxwéts aváts ayúuk siivák.
“Móo,
kamathúum muuváam?
'Atsmuumátsənyts análytək,
análytək athótəm 'ayúut.
'Ashkwílyt 'a'íi 'avák 'athútya,”
a'étəm;
“'Axóttk,”
a'étəm.

225Aa'ámpəm,
shakwílyk vuunóok aavíirtsəm,
siivát.

226Nyuuváatk suuváat.
"Móo,
ma'axótt-tanək,
'anymaataqwérək muuváaxa,
vathí amán,”
a'ét.

227“Kuutara'úy ta'axánəm,
nyaayúu 'awítsk,
nyaa'uunóok 'uunóowa,”
a'ét.

228“Áa,
'athóxa.”

229A'étk,
siivák athúuk a'étk.

Translation

230A creature was living over there.
It was Oriole.

231He lived over there,
and so,
when the sun was coming up,
he went hunting for things.

232He picked up his bow and his arrows,
and he went along.

233He went along,
and he shot a deer,
and so,
he brought it back.
He had two wives —
he was an extraordinarily handsome person,
there he was,
and he had two very beautiful women as his wives.

234Here he was,
and so,
he brought back (meat),
and he fed them and took care of them,
he fed them meat.

235It was getting light,
and so,
he was here,
and he got up.

236Here he was,
and these (two wives) were here,
they were here at the house,
and they went after water.
and they looked for wood,
and so,
here they were.

237He brought (meat),
and they cooked it,
and they ate it,
(that’s how) they were.

238When he went along this time,
he went along.
The sun came up,
and he went along,
he carried his bow and his arrow and he went along.

239He going along, when suddenly
a creature was coming along there in the distance.
It was Coyote!

240He came along in the distance,
and he turned his head and looked.
“Well,
is this where you live?”
he said.

241“Mm,
this is where I live,”
(Oriole) said.

242“I come from (here),”
he said.
“When the sun comes up,
I hunt for things.

243“This is what I do.
I live (here).
It’s good,
there are two women there.
There are children there too.

244“I come from (here),”
he said.

245Coyote stood listening;
“Yes,
all right,” he said.
“I think I would like to stay with you,”
he said.

246“Well,
all right.
There is a house over there;
(if) you go over there,
you’ll see it
over there.

247“You’ll get there
and you’ll see it.
My wives are over there,”
(Oriole) said.

248He was standing here.
That Coyote —
his face —
he put his forehead here,
and he went like this —
he took it,
and he rolled it into a ball like this and threw it!

249It was a yellow warbler!

250It sat on a post;
here it was.

251(Oriole) turned his head and looked.
He aimed his bow and arrow,
like this,
and he went along.

252He went along,
and Coyote stood here watching him.

253He took a step and another step, and suddenly,
it was the four levels of heaven!
He was standing in one (level) after another —
(and then) he was standing here!

254He turned his head and looked —
the place was different —
and he stood here looking.

255He stood there,
“Where exactly am I?”
he was saying.
He sat down and stayed there.

256He sat there smelling it;
a fire gave off an odor,
and he smelled it.

257The burning gave off an odor and he smelled it.
He sat there;
“Where exactly could it be?”
he wondered as he sat there smelling (the fire).

258He stood up,
and he went following it,
he went along smelling its odor,
he went along.

259He came to a house over there in the distance.

260Well,
the house was iced over,
it was terrible.

261It was iced over and glassy,
it was terrible,
and they had gone into it and gone to sleep.

262An old blind man lay in there,
he lay propped up in a corner,
(against) the ice.

263There were two girls in there,
they were sleeping there too.

264“Well, now,
someone is here!” he said.
The old man had been listening.

265“Bring him in,
so he can sleep,”
he said.

266They got him,
and they brought him in.
He lay there on the ice,
and he was slipping and sliding.

267He didn’t lie down,
(because) it was (so) cold,
and he went slipping and sliding off
as he tried to come this way.

268“Listen to him!
The new person is restless!”
(the old man) said.

269“Get him,
and put him in the middle,
so he can sleep,”
he said.
He said it to the girls.

270They got him,
they went along pulling him by the arms,
and they put him in the middle.
He lay here.

271He lay here sleeping, just as (the old man) had said he would.

272He lay here,
and when it was getting light,
he got up.
He went out.
He saw things,
he kept turning his head (to look).

273Creatures —
deer were coming,
and they were hanging around the house.
The number of deer was extraordinary,
they were numerous,
the deer.

274He was watching them.

275Here he was,
and he got one and killed it.
He was hungry, and so,
he got one and killed it.
He brought it back,
and they were watching him.
The girls were watching him.

276“I wonder why he is doing this
to a friend.
He has killed him, brought him here,”
they said.

277They didn’t eat that,
deer meat.
They didn’t know about it.

278(There was a plant) called xaalyíis,
it was lying on the ground,
it was green,
and this is what they gathered and boiled and ate,
that’s all.

279Here they were.

280Here they were,
and he brought that deer,
and he went about cooking it.
He pierced a piece and gave it to them:
he picked up a stick,
and he pierced it like this,
and he gave it to that one,
and he gave it to that one.

281They ate it and tasted it,
and it tasted good.

282This is what he was doing.

283The sun was came up,
and he went after that (deer).
He killed it,
and he brought it,
and he cooked it,
and he went about feeding it to them.

284That’s all.
They found that it tasted good.
The old man was still lying there,
and (Oriole) pierced it with a stick and gave it to him,
and he ate it and tasted it.

285“The new person has done it to our friend;
taste it,” they said,
and they just gave it to him and he ate it and tasted it.
It tasted delicious, they say.
It was really good, they say.

286He lay here.

287(Oriole) was there,
he went along,
and he turned his head and looked at the land;
the land was wonderful.
It was a place where he could plant things.

288He stood here looking at it.

289He stood there,
and he fell face down, over there.
He lay there,
he lay there weeping.

290“Why am I here?” he said,
and he thought about what had happened,
and he wept,
lying there.

291He lay there,
he stayed there for a long time.
The sun came up,
and he went along,
and he lay there in the distance and wept,
there he was.

292A long time passed,
and as he was here,
a creature was watching him.
(It was) Crow.
He was watching him.
He was passing by overhead and watching him.

293“So,
just what is it
that would be good for me to plant?”
(Oriole) said,
and he lay there thinking.

294As he went along again,
(Crow) passed by overhead —
and he threw up.

295He threw up.
He threw up corn.

296He did it with all different kinds of things,
he gave them (to Oriole).
He dropped them on the ground.

297There was corn,
there were melons,
and there were pumpkins.

298He gathered them up,
off the ground,
he got up and gathered them and went about planting them.
He dug in the ground and dropped them in,
he went along (doing it).

299He stayed there and took care of (the crops).
The sun came up,
and there he was in that distant place,
and the sun set,
and he lay there,
he lay there weeping.
There he was.

300There he was,
and a long time went by,
and the food was finally ready.
The corn had finally gone to seed, they say.

301The melons were finally red,
and there were pumpkins,
and they were ready.
He stood there looking at them.

302Corn was the first thing he gathered and brought back.
He showed it to them and they saw it.
They didn’t know about it,
these people.
The girls didn’t know about it.

303“What is it you’ve managed to do?”
they said;
they were going to look.

304He went about boiling it,
he got it ready to eat and fed it to them.
He gave some to the blind old man.

305It tasted good,
and they ate.
He went on (introducing the foods), one by one.
He did melon,
he did canteloupe,
he went on doing it.
He gave it to them and they ate it.
He did what’s called pumpkin,
he did what’s called beans,
he did.

306He kept at it;
there they were,
and they finally came to know about these things.
“Well,
today,
we will go and you will see,”
he said.

307He gathered them and took them.
He stood them at the edge (of the field) and showed them.
“Look!
This is it!

308“Gather this up,
and eat it!”
he said.
“Do it like this,”
he said,
and he showed them,
and they stood there watching.

309“Oh, my!
It’s delicious, just as you said,”
they said,
and they gathered it up,
they picked it and gathered it up,
and they took it home.

310Here they were.
This (is what) he was doing.

311“Keep on doing this like this.
When this is dry,
you gather it up,
and you put it away.

312“You will pick it up again later,
and put it back in the ground,
and it will grow,
and you’ll see it like this again,”
he said,
he went on explaining it to them,
and they sat there listening.

313There they were.
A long time passed,
and once again he was weeping.

314A creature was standing there in the distance,
and (Oriole) lay under that (thing),
and he was weeping.

315He went on weeping,
and the sun set,
the sun went on setting (each day).

316The sun set,
and he came straight back to the house.

317There he was,
a long time passed,
and there he was,
and (someone) saw him.

318Buzzard was up in the sky,
and he was watching.
He made a turn.
He went circling around.

319He stayed there,
and a long time passed.

320“Well,
this person,
he lies here and lies here,
and I have been seeing him and seeing him
for a long time.

321If he were dead,
I would smell him rotting, I think,
(but) he has been lying here (doing) nothing.
I have been watching him,” (Buzzard) said.
There he was.

322He came down,
he landed right on top of him,
and he sat down.

323“Well, now,
Person!
You have been lying here.
If you were dead,
I would smell you rotting, I think.
I have been watching you.
I have noticed nothing.
(Here) I am.
That’s why I came here,” (Buzzard) said.

324“Why are you doing here,
if you come from there?”
(Buzzard) said.

325“All right,
I will explain myself and you’ll hear it,” (said Oriole).

326“I live here,
and I’m all right,
but I (used to be) over there.

327“I was there.
I had children.
And two wives;
I had wives.

328“There I was,
and someone came along,
and he did this.

329“He showed me something,
he was going to do it,
and he did it;
I turned my head and looked, and all of a sudden
I found myself standing here,
and here I am.

330“Here I am,
and as for returning home some day,
as for going home some day,
I (just) don’t know how to do it,”
he said.

331“This is what I am sad about,”
he said.

332“It is good,
what you said.
I heard it,” said Buzzard.

333*** *** ***

334Buzzard got there and watched him,
and he went like this,
he went about explaining his idea
to the person.

335He went about explaining it to him, and he heard it;
“I will say it and you will hear it,”
he said.

336“You,
kill a deer and lay it here.
It will lie here and lie here,
and get good and rotten,
it will be really wormy
(by the time) I get there.

337“I will slurp it up,
and get really full,
and at that (point),
I will say (something) for you to hear,”
he said.

338“All right,”
(Oriole) said.

339So,
he went after it, just as he had been told,
he went after a deer.
He killed it,
and he brought it back,
and he put it down,
and there it was.

340When it was exactly four nights (later),
it was rotten and wormy, just as he had said,
and (the smell) was overwhelming.
There he was,
Buzzard was up in the sky,
and he was circling.

341There he was,
and he came down,
and he settled there, they say.

342He settled there, they say, and so,
he was eating it, just as he had said.
He went on and on,
and he ate it up,
and it was all gone.

343He sat up,
and he raised up his wings,
and he went flap-flap-flap-flap like this.

344There he was, and Oriole saw him.

345"Well,”
(Buzzard) said,
and he came back and got there.
(Oriole) was lying there weeping again.

346“Look!
You,
get up and look!
I’ll let my arms hang down,
and so,
you line (yours) up even with them,
and make your legs even with my tail.
Go on doing it,
and finish,
lie there and I will take you,
I will take you down,”
he said.

347“All right,” (he said),
and he did it, just as he had been told.

348He lay on top of (Buzzard’s) back, just as he had been told,
and he made his arms even (with Buzzard’s arms).
(Buzzard) brought him this way,
he flew downward through the air,
and he brought him down.

349He went around and around in circles,
and he brought him this way.

350He brought him this way,
and precisely in back of his house he set him down.

351(Oriole) turned his head from side to side and looked.

352His house was there.

353He was lying in the brush.

354“Well, now,
you must lie here,” (Buzzard) said.

355“Lie here, face down.
Don’t get up.
Lie here, and lie here,
and lie here.
In exactly four nights,
finally,
you may get up
and go straight to your house.

356“You might hear something make noise, but
you must not get up.
You must lie here.
If you were to get up, then
you would go back to where you were.”
He went on saying it and he finished,
and (Oriole) heard him.

357“I will do it.”

358He went on and he finished,
and (Oriole) lay there and lay there, face down,
and (Buzzard) watched him
and he turned around and went back.

359(Oriole) lay there, just as he had been told,
and when the sun set,
Coyote arrived and hung around.

360He did unpleasant things.

361He went off —
he was going to hunt for things,
and off he went,
well,
he did water beetles,
he did dead fish, and so,
he did dead mice,
a gopher snake,
everything that was in the area,
(even) crickets.

362He gathered them,
and he brought them,
and he said to the women,
“Now,
eat!”
he said.

363They didn’t eat.
He fed the children,
and they didn’t eat.

364He got angry.
He picked up a stick,
and he went along beating them,
Coyote (did).
“Eat!
Eat!” he kept saying,
and he was chasing them around.

365He went along beating the children,
he went around and around the house.
They ran weeping,
going,
and coming.

366This (Oriole) was lying face down in back of the house,
and they made a turn right next to him.
They were making a turn right next to him,
and he lay there listening.

367“Okay,
I will go after him,
and I will say (a thing or two) for him to hear,” he said,
and he got up suddenly.

368He was angry,
and he got up suddenly,
and it happened, they say:
he was standing in the heavens, they say —
he went back!

369He went back and got there.

370He lay there,
once again he lay weeping in his bed.
The sun came up.

371“Why weren’t you here?
We were looking,”
(the girls) said.

372“Oh,
I might have been around,” he said.
He didn’t tell them (what had happened).

373The ice was overwhelming,
and they slipped him inside,
and once again he slept.

374They put him in the middle,
and he lay there sleeping.

375The sun came up,
and he got up.

376***

377He left his bed,
and he went around weeping,
and when the sun set,
it happened again.

378He got there and looked.
Buzzard got there and looked.
“You heard what I told you!
I said what would happen to you!
I told you!
That’s all!
I can’t do it again,” (Buzzard) said.

379He heard him,
and he lay there weeping.

380He lay there,
and a long time passed,
and there he was.

381There he was,
and a creature got there and saw him.

382It was Spider.
He got there and saw him.

383“Well,
what is it you are doing?” he said.
“What are you doing here?”
he said.

384(Oriole) told him (what had happened).
“I started out over there and I came here.

385“I don’t know how to get back,
that’s why I’m staying here,”
he said.

386“I’ve been watching you.
I’ve been watching what you do,
I’ve watched you lying here again,
I’ve been watching you lie here again,
and I (have something to) say,”
(Spider) said.

387“It’s all right.
When the sun comes up,
I will get here.
I will come and get here.
I will take you down (to your home).
I am the one.”

388“All right.”

389He did it, just as he said he would:
he got there,
he sat down,
and (Oriole) clung to his back,
and he took him,
and he brought him down (on his spider’s thread).
He took him around and around in circles,
and in back of his house he set him upright.

390“Well,
lie here and lie here.
Lie here,
and in exactly four nights,
that’s all,
you may get up,
and go straight to your home,”
he said.

391“All right,”
(Oriole) said.
Once again he lay there in back of his house.

392Once again, (Coyote) was doing things,
he was beating them,
he was going along.

393(Oriole) lay there listening.

394He lay there,
and he lay there,
he felt an overwhelming (desire) to get up, but
he lay there,
he was still lying there.

395He lay there,
and (after) four nights,
“Well,
at last!”
he said.

396He got up suddenly,
he got up and (tried to) be careful.
He came this way, thinking that he might go back again,
(but) it was all right,
he came came and came this way,
and he got to his house.

397When he saw them,
his wives,
they were terribly thin,
they had been losing weight just terribly.

398There they were;
they were starving.

399They were weeping.

400The children were the same.
He stood there looking.

401That house —
a dead fish was the only thing (there),
a gopher snake or something,
whatever was in the area,
and the stench was overwhelming,
and he stood there looking.

402He stood there.
“Oh my,” he thought,
and he stood there looking.

403(Coyote) went off hunting for things again;
here they were,
and he intended to keep an eye on them.
This Coyote (did).

404(Oriole) saw that (Coyote) was gone,
and he saw that the women were there.
He stood there looking.
“Hurry up!
Grind corn!” (he said).

405They went about grinding corn.
Both of them went about doing it,
and they finished.

406He took a pot and put it down there.
“Make it into porridge!” (he said),
and they went about making porridge.

407They were expecting children,
both of them,
Coyote’s children.

408They were pregnant,
both of them.
He stood there looking.

409“Well,
step in there!
Step in there!”
he said,
and (one of the women) stepped in there,
and (the other one) stepped in there,
in the porridge.

410He went pound! pound! on his wife’s back,
and the child fell out.
It disengaged and fell out.
He did it again to that (other wife),
and he finished.

411He cooked them in the porridge, going on and on and on,
and he finished,
and he threw it down there and left it.
“Well,
that’s all,
let’s get out of here!”
he said.

412He gathered up his wives,
and in a corner of the house,
he went about digging a tunnel,
and they went into it.

413They went in,
and they went about covering it with something,
and they finished,
and they went along,
they went along under (the ground).
They went digging their way along.

414They covered it with what are called thorns.

415They covered it with things,
they covered it with dirt or whatever,
and they went this way,
they went this way,
and after a really long time,
they came out over there in the distance.

416They went along,
and they reached the ocean,
and they stood there and stood there.

417They stood there,
and finally,
they went floating on the water.

418When this (Coyote) got home at sundown,
he looked,
and he saw that they were gone.

419He took this porridge that was sitting there,
and he went about eating it,
and he ate it up.

420His children,
the ones that had been made into porridge,
he went about eating them,
and he ate them up.
That’s what he ate.

421At last,
he looked for them,
he went sniffing for them,
and he thought he smelled something.

422“They went through here,”
he said.
“They went this way,”
he said.
He went after them.

423He went,
and he went,
and he went,
and he stood there at the edge of the ocean.
He saw that they were gone.

424They had travelled over the water,
and they were living on the other side of the ocean,
there they were.

425(Oriole) went after a deer again, and so,
and they fried it,
they cooked it,
and they sat there eating it.

426This one,
Coyote,
he was looking for them.

427He went travelling over the water;
he sat in something,
and he stuck his nose out;
he sat in it,
and he went paddle-paddle-paddle-paddle-paddle.
Maybe it was sunset,
maybe it was dawn,
maybe it was sunset, but (still) he went along.

428This (Oriole),
he took some deer gut,
and he threw it in the fire,
and it gave off an odor.

429He summoned this Coyote,
and so,
with his nose up at an angle,
Coyote smelled it;
(the deer gut) gave off an odor.

430“Here they are!
Here they are, right here!”
he said.

431“My little brother is living here,”
he said,
and with his nose facing that way he smelled them.
And he went after them.

432As he went along,
he was sitting in the middle of the ocean,
and he was weeping.

433He was weeping,
he was saying “Wóooow.”

434“Well,
he’s coming!
Listen!”
(Oriole) said.

435“He’s coming!”
they said,
there they were.

436He did it so that Coyote would smell them,
well,
he threw the deer guts on the fire,
and the smell reached Coyote’s nose,
and he smelled it, as he went along,
there.

437He went along following (the odor).

438He went along and got there.

439He settled down there.

440“I have come,
my friend,” he said;
“Oh,”
(Oriole) said.

441He saw him,
there he was,
he was very thin,
he wasn’t even human,
and as for his eyes,
they were terrible empty holes,
there he was.

442There he was,
and they threw him something,
they gave it to him,
and he sat there munching it.

443They used deer meat,
they gave it to him,
and he ate it —
he was eating meat.

444And as soon as he stood up,
it disengaged and fell out.
“It’s because I’ve lost a sister-in-law,”
he said.

445He took what are called leftovers,
and he sat there eating them.

446He sat there looking,
that Oriole sat there looking.
“Well,
what is the matter with you?
The things you eat fall out,
I’ve seen them fall out.
Maybe I’ll sew it up,”
he said.
“All right,”
(Coyote) said.

447He bent over,
and (Oriole) sewed him up and finished,
and there he was.

448He stayed there.
“Well,
if you are really good,
you may keep company with us,
from here on,”
he said.

449“Behave yourself,
and we’ll do things together,
now that we’re here,”
he said.

450“Yes,
I’ll do it.”

451And so,
there they were, they say.

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