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In the Lands of the Romanovs

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Anthony Cross

List of Illustrations

Texte intégral

11. Portrait of Aleksei Mikhailovich, in Samuel Collins, The Present State of Russia (London: J. Winter for D. Newman, 1671). Wellcome Trust, London: http://wellcomeimages.org/​indexplus/​obf_images/​52/​6c/​5505fbbb60e719803d9da656fffc.jpg 3

22. Peter I in Russian dress during the Grand Embassy (n. d.), artist unknown. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Peter_I_in_russian_dress_during_Grand_Embassy.jpg 4

33. Portrait of William Tooke (1820), engraving by Joseph Collyer the Younger, after Martin Archer Shee. National Portrait Gallery, London. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:William_Tooke.jpg 7

44. Portrait of Claire Clairmont (1819) by Amelia Curran. Oil on canvas. Reproduced in Robert Gittings and Jo Manton, Claire Clairmont and the Shelleys (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992). Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Claire_Clairmont,_by_Amelia_Curran.jpg 9

55. St Petersburg, Senate Square, 14 December, 1825 (1825-26), by Karl Kolman. Reproduced in Literaturnye mesta Rossii (Moskva: Sovetskaia Rossiia, 1987). Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Peterburg,_Senate_Square,_1825,_dec._14.jpg 10

66. Portrait of Elizabeth, Countess of Craven, later Margravine of Anspach (1778), by George Romney. Oil on canvas. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:ElizabethCraven.jpg 11

77. Count Francesco Algarotti (1745), by Jean-Étienne Liotard. Pastel on parchment. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Jean-%C3%89tienne_Liotard_-_Portret_van_Graaf_Francesco_Algarotti.jpg 12

88. John Henniker-Major, 2nd Baron Henniker (1780s-90s), by Henry Hudson, after George Romney. Mezzotint. National Portrait Gallery, London. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:2ndLordHenniker.jpg 13

99. William Coxe, Russian edition of his Travels into Poland, Russia, Sweden and Denmark (Moscow: I. Smirnov, 1837). Wikimedia Commons: http://bit.ly/​1kJGgwN 14

1010a. Title page of the 1799 German edition of Peter Simon Pallas, Bemerkungen auf einer Reise in die südlichen Statthalterschaften des Russischen Reichs in den Jahren 1793 und 1794 (Leipzig: Gottfried Martini, 1799). Stadtgeschichtliches Museum, Leipzig. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Travels_through_the_southern_Provinces_of_the_Russian_Empire-deutsch.jpg 16

1110b. Title page of the 1812 English edition of Peter Simon Pallas, Travels through the southern Provinces of the Russian Empire, in the years 1793 and 1794 (London: John Stockdale, 1812). Stadtgeschichtliches Museum, Leipzig. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Travels_through_the_southern_Provinces_of_the_Russian_Empire-english.jpg 16

1211. A map of Kamtschatka engraved from the russian map by Tho. Jefferys, in Stepan Petrovich Krasheninnikov: The history of Kamtschatka and the Kurilski Islands with the countries adjacent; Illustrated with maps and cuts. Published at Petersbourg in the Russian language by order of her Imperial Majesty and translated into English by James Grieve (Glocester: printed by R. Raikes for T. Jefferys, 1764). Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:A_map_of_Kamtschatka_engraved_from_the_russian_map_by_Tho_Jefferys.jpg 17

1312. Edmund Spencer, Travels in Circassia, Krim-tartary, & c: including a steam voyage down the Danube, from Vienna to Constantinople, and round the Black Sea (London: H. Colburn, 1839). Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Circassian._Travels_in_Circassia,_Krim-tartary,_%26c.jpg 23

1413. British bombardment of the fortress Bomarsund (Aland Islands) during the Crimean war (1854), artist unknown. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Bombardment_of_Bomarsund.jpg 28

1514. Only known photograph of Mary Seacole (1805-1881), taken c. 1873 by Maull & Company in London, photographer unknown. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Seacole_photo.jpg 31

1615. Sketch of Mary Seacole’s “British Hotel” in the Crimea (n. d.), by Lady Alicia Blackwood. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Blackwood_Seacole_sketch.png 31

1716. William Simpson photographed by Roger Fenton on Cathcart Hill before Sevastopol, Crimea, 1855. Adrian Lipscomb collection. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:William_Simpson_in_the_Crimea.jpg 32

1817. Balaklava harbour (Crimea) [1855], photograph by Roger Fenton. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Cossack_bay.Balaklava_1855.3a06075r.jpg 32

1918. Portrait of Donald Mackenzie Wallace (no later than 1905), photographer unknown. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Portrait_of_Donald_Mackenzie_Wallace.jpg 34

2019a-b. Title page and photograph of a first edition of Florence Crauford Grove, The Frosty Caucasus (1875). Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:The_Frosty_Caucasus,_front_ page.jpg and http://en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​File:The_Frosty_Caucasus_%281875%29.jpg 35

2120. “The Great Game: the Afghan Emir Sher Ali Khan with his ‘friends’ Russia and Great Britain” (30 November, 1878), cartoon by Sir John Tenniel. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Great_Game_cartoon_from_1878.jpg 37

2221. Portrait of Moses Montefiore (n. d.), artist unknown. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Moses_Montefiore.jpg 41

2322. Tolstoi organising famine relief in Samara (1891), photographer unknown. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Tolstoy_organising_famine_relief_in_Samara,_1891.jpg 43

2423. Thomas Stevens on his penny-farthing bicycle. Image from his Around the world on a bicycle (London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle and Rivington, 1887). Cornell University Library. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Thomas_Stevens_bicycle.jpg 44

2524. Harry de Windt (no image credit). Photograph published in his From Paris to New York by land (Thomas Nelson & Sons: London, Edinburgh, Dublin and New York, 1903). Projects Gutenberg: http://www.gutenberg.org/​files/​26007/​26007-h/​26007-h.htm. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Harry_de_Windt.jpg 46

2625. The Governor-General of India George Curzon with his wife Mary in Delhi (29 December 1902), photographer unknown. Published in Joachim K. Bautze, Das koloniale Indien. Photographien von 1855 bis 1910 (Köln: Fackelträger Verlag, 2007), p. 211. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:George_Curzon_and_Mary_Curzon_on_the_elephant_Lakshman_Prasad_1902-12-29_in_Delhi.jpg 48

2726. Portrait of Mandell Creighton (1902) by Hubert von Herkomer. Oil on canvas. National Portrait Gallery, London. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Mandell_Creighton_by_Sir_Hubert_von_Herkomer.jpg 49

2827. A Christmas dinner on the heights before Sevastopol (Capt Burnaby is the fifth figure from the left), by J. A. Vinter. Tinted lithograph. Published in The Seat of War in the East (London: Paul & Dominic Colnaghi & Co., 13 & 14 Pall Mall East; Paris: Goupil & Cie, 1855). Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:A_Christmas_dinner_on_the_heights_before_Sebastopol.jpg 54

2928. Pen portrait of Stephen Graham, by Vernon Hill. Published in Stephen Graham, Changing Russia (London: John Lane, 1913), frontispiece. 55

3029. Mikhail Fedorovich, first tsar of the house of Romanov (n. d.), artist unknown. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Michael_titularnik.jpg 62

3130. Aleksei Mikhailovich (n. d.), artist unknown. Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Alexis_I_of_Russia.jpg 62

3231. Fedor Alekseevich (1685), by Ivan Saltanov, Erofei Elin and Luka Smolianov. The Moscow Kremlin. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Feodor_III_by_Ivan_Saltanov_-_detail.JPG 62

3332. Peter the Great (1698), by Godfrey Kneller. Oil on canvas. Royal Collection. Wikimedia Commons: http://upload.wikimedia.org/​wikipedia/​commons/​9/​9b/​Peter_I_by_Kneller.jpg 70

3433. Catherine I (1717), by Jean-Marc Nattier. Oil on canvas. Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Catherine_I_of_Russia_by_Nattier.jpg 70

3534. Peter II of Russia (circa 1730), by Ioann Vedekind. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Peter_II_of_Russia_by_Vedekind.jpg 80

3635. Anna Ivanovna (circa 1730), artist unknown. Moscow State Historical Museum. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Anna_of_Russia_by_anonymous_%281730s,_GIM%29.jpg 80

3736. Empress Elizabeth (n. d.), by Ivan Argunov. Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Ivan_Argunov_02.jpeg 80

3837. Great Duke Peter Fedorovich, later Peter III (1758), by Fedor Rokotov. Oil on canvas. Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Peter_III_of_Russia_by_Rokotov.jpg 90

3938. Catherine II the Legislatress in the Temple of the Goddess of Justice (1783), by Dmitrii Levitskii. Oil on canvas. Russian Museum, St Petersburg. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Dmitry_Levitsky_-_Portrait_of_Catherine_II_the_Legislatress_in_the_Temple_of_the_Goddess_of_Justice_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg 90

4039. Paul I, Emperor of Russia (n. d.), by Vladimir Borovikovskii. Oil on canvas. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Borovikovsky_Pavel_I.jpg?uselang=en-gb 114

4140. Alexander I (c. 1814/1815), by François de Gérard. Reproduced in Matti Klinge (ed.), Helsingin yliopisto 1640 – 1990: Keisarillinen Aleksanterin yliopisto 1808 – 1917 (Helsinki: Otava, 1989), p. 15. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Alexander_I_by_Gerard.jpg 118

4241. Nicholas I (1856), by Vladimir Dmitrievich Sverchkov. Oil on canvas. Hermitage Museum, St Petersburg. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Au_service_des_Tsars_-_Nicolas_1er_-_01.jpg 148

4342. Charge of the Light Cavalry Brigade, 25th Oct. 1854, under Major General the Earl of Cardigan, print by William Simpson (1 March 1855). Published by Goupil & Cie, Paris, and Day & Son, London. The Library of Congress. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:William_Simpson_-_Charge_of_the_light_cavalry_brigade,_25th_Oct._1854,_under_Major_General_the_Earl_of_Cardigan.png 184

4443. Alexander II (n. d.), photographer unknown. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Alexander_II_of_Russia_photo.jpg 226

4544. Alexander III (n. d.), photograph by Félix Nadar. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Alexander_III._Czar_Of_Russia_Nadar.jpg 272

4645. Nicholas II (1898), photograph by A. A. Pasetti. Wikimedia Commons: http://commons.wikimedia.org/​wiki/​File:Tsar_Nicholas_II_-1898.jpg 310

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