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Complexity, Security and Civil Society in East Asia

 | 
Peter Hayes
, 
Kiho Yi

Index

Texte intégral

Abe, Shinzo 165

Acid Deposition and Oxidant Research Center (ADORC) 65

acid rain 39, 52, 65, 79, 110, 323, 353, 356

agent-based modeling 50, 314

Amnesty International 361, 362

A. Q. Khan 278, 290

Asan Institute 9, 329, 344, 374, 378, 385, 408

Asan Nuclear Policy and Technology Center (ANPTC) 378

ASEAN Plus 3 24

Asian Financial Crisis 178

Asian Solidarity Conference on Japanese Military Sexual Slavery Issues 350

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) 23

Asia Pacific Refugee Rights Network (APRRN) 362, 364

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) 23, 343

Aum Shinrikyo 275

Ban, Ki Moon 325

Bar-Yam, Yaneer 71

Beck, Ulrich 387

Bennett, Bruce 282

BeSeTo 59, 81

biodiversity corridor 81. See also DMZ Peace Park

bipolar system 66, 67, 269, 271, 274, 276, 342

Block, Eileen 376

Brookings Institution 22, 371, 372

Busan-Fukuoka cooperation 64, 331, 379, 380

Bush, George H. W. 273

Bush, George W. 299, 365

C40 60

carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) 153

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace 20

Cheonan incident 108, 303, 327

Chernobyl nuclear disaster 85, 111

China

11th Five-Year Plan 154

12th Five-Year Plan 156

censorship 304

Chinese Communist Party 4, 237, 305, 309, 336, 349

Cultural Revolution 238, 245

economy 141, 142, 145, 148, 149, 238, 322, 323

National Leading Group on Climate Change 146

Special Economic Zones 238

State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) 253

China-Japan-Korea Trilateral Cooperation Secretariat 75

Choe, Sang Chuel 53, 56

Chung, Mong Joon 374

city corridor. See urban corridor

city to city cooperation 2, 9, 59, 66, 253, 381, 395

civilcomplex 391

civil society 333

China 304, 316, 336

civic diplomacy 1, 4

definition 77

Japan 176, 196, 257, 336, 405

networks 6, 8, 9, 82, 320, 331, 340, 379

North Korea 75

South Korea 79, 192, 196, 258, 331, 335, 336, 341, 344, 379, 391

clean coal

China 156

Clean Development Mechanism 206, 218

climate change

adaptation 107, 108, 155, 185, 202, 208, 244, 401

and civil society 337, 401

China 147, 155, 241, 243

coastal cities. See also port cities

Japan 239, 242

mitigation 202, 203, 208, 252

South Korea 43, 242, 326

Clinton, Bill 364, 366

Clinton Climate Initiative 252

Cold War 3, 66, 114, 261, 264, 274, 276, 279, 286, 293, 322, 323, 324, 342, 345, 348, 364, 371

comfort women. See Japanese sexual slavery

compact cities 234

complexity 5

and international security 69

and military theory 72

definition 51, 406

theory 1, 69, 280

complex systems 3, 224, 276

complex time 393, 394, 401

Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP) 23

Coward, Martin 226

Dalian, China 64

Dalian Environmental Model Zone 64, 253

Dalian-Kitakyushu cooperation 252, 379

Denuclearization Declaration of North and South Korea, 1992 299, 324

desakota. See rurbanization

Diamond, Jared 25

DMZ Forum 81, 82

DMZ Peace Park 81, 82, 331, 394

Drexler, Michael 34

earthquake 85, 404. See also Fukushima nuclear disaster

East Asia Foundation 369

East Asia Institute 344, 374

East Asia Working Group 363

energy efficiency 211, 244

China 146, 147, 149, 150, 155

Japan 158, 164, 169, 171

South Korea 190, 192, 193, 217

energy security 130, 221

analysis of policy pathways 119, 125, 138, 207, 211

and civil society 109, 113, 129, 131, 211, 212, 216, 219

and climate change 43, 107, 111, 205

and complexity 4, 87, 91, 109

and international relations 114, 136, 137

and technology 111, 135, 137

and urban security 138, 208, 210, 236, 251

China 44, 156, 251

comprehensive definition 40, 115

economic aspects 110

energy demand and use 103, 113

environmental aspects 111

Japan 47, 177, 248

robust energy policies 213

socio-cultural aspects 113, 136, 137

South Korea 43, 194, 221, 248

traditional definition 89

EnviroAsia 79, 387

European Sea Ports Organization 61

Exchange Panel for Interdisciplinary Knowledge (EPIK) Spiders 373

forestry 78, 357

Forests for Life (FFL) 354

Forests for Peace 79, 356

Friedhoff, Karl 377

Fukushima nuclear disaster 47, 90, 109, 111, 127, 163, 168, 247, 257, 302, 321, 404, 405

policy impacts 86, 196, 293, 294

G20 182, 325, 326, 341

giga-city 56, 59, 63, 83, 379, 403. See also urban corridor, BeSeTo

Global Asia 369

global commons 13, 22, 37, 82, 395

Global Environment Facility 28

globalization 55, 87, 225, 238, 341

Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict-Northeast Asia (GPPAC-NEA) 387

global problems 84

and civil society 341, 407, 408

definition of 25

different understandings across political cultures 41

glocal problems 16

linkages between 28, 48

local problems 17

mega-problems 20

solutions to 1, 16

South Korea 43

taxonomy of 2, 17

Gobitec 47, 174

Gorbachev, Mikhail 364

green economy 91, 200, 208

and civil society 200, 218

concept and definition 141

Japan 177

North Korea 207

South Korea 194, 216

greenhouse gas emissions 107, 125, 135, 137, 197, 201, 203, 211, 255

and port cities 60

China 44, 147, 155, 250

Japan 46, 157, 172, 174, 175

South Korea 181, 182, 184, 190, 191, 217

green technology 185, 188, 191, 195, 216, 398

Gregg, Don 366

Gulf War 273

Hahm, Chaibong 376

Halperin, Morton 300

Ha, Young Sun 74, 75, 372

heat island 128, 246

China 245

Harbin 246

Seoul 245

Shanghai 245

Tokyo 245

Helbing, Dirk 36

Held, David 223

Herfindahl index 122

Hiroshima and Nagasaki nuclear bombs 269, 346

human rights 25, 73, 335, 342, 359, 361, 376

and civil society 303

Hwang, Woo-yeo 362

hybrid cars 155, 248, 255, 398

hyper-city 224

Hyundai Corporation 375

Iida, Tetsunari 46

Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security 371

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) 153

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 107

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) 218, 274, 298, 325

International Energy Agency (IEA) 250

International Peace Foundation 368

Japan

Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) 163, 174

East Japan Railway Company 256

economy 157, 160, 236, 247, 322

Energy Basic Plan 164

Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) 253

Japan Meteorological Agency 245

Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) 163, 175

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry 248

Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry 175

Ministry of Environment (MoE) 175

Ministry of the Environment 239

policy making process 177

Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) 247, 257, 293

US occupation 407

Japanese history textbooks 344, 352

A History to Open the Future 345, 348, 351, 352

Japanese-Chinese-Korean Committee for Common History Teaching Materials of the Three Countries 345

New History Textbook 351

Japanese sexual slavery 322, 345, 349, 350

Jeju Development Institute 366

Jeju Peace Forum 329, 344, 370, 374, 375, 379, 385, 408

Jevonʹs Paradox 191

Journal of East Asian Studies 372, 373

Kaesong Industrial Park 326

KAL 007 272

Kan, Naoto 168

Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power plant 111, 167

Kaya equation 160

Kim, Byung-kook 373

Kim, Dae-jung 342

Kim, Dae-Jung 187, 325, 365, 366

Kim, Hee-jin 361

Kim, Jong-il 326, 365, 403

Kim, Jong Un 403

Kim, Songbae 328, 329, 330

Kim, Young-sam 343, 364, 372

Kissinger, Henry 272, 386

Korea Forest Service 354

Korea Foundation xi, xii, 373

Korea Institute for Defense Analysis 371

Korea Institute of National Unification 371

Korea-Japan Strait Economic Zone (KJSEZ) 380

Korean Demilitarized Zone 71, 78, 81, 271, 280, 281, 303

Korean Peninsula conflict 72, 73, 216, 265, 271, 322, 325, 326, 342, 356, 365. See also North Korean nuclear weapons problem

rapprochement 73, 365

Korean Peninsula Energy Development Organization 299

Korean Political Science Review 372

Korean War 178, 269, 315, 324, 348, 349

Kyoto Protocol 162, 171

Lee, Hae-chan 367

Lee, Hong Koo 372

Lee, Ho-Taeg 361, 363, 375

Lee, Myung-bak 182, 185, 326, 356, 369, 373

Lee, Sanghun 125

Lejano, Raul 78

Lim, Dong-won 366

Lim, Jung-Duk 380

Lin, George 237, 238

local government 4, 335, 364

capacity building 44

cross-border cooperation 320

Local Government Meeting for the Korea-Japan Strait Zone 380

Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) 118, 121

Maoism 237, 238

Mao Zedong 271

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) 88, 294

Mayors for Peace 318, 387

mega-city 52, 53, 55, 64, 81, 225, 228, 236, 250, 379, 402

meta-agents 69, 280

Millennium Development Goals 21, 33

Minato, Takayuki 45

Moon, Chung-in 347, 370, 375

Moon, Kook-hyun 355, 375

Moon, Mong-jung 377

multilinguality 302, 391

Multiple Attribute Analysis 123

multiplexity 78, 331, 390

Mushakoji, Kinhide 2

Nanjing massacre 347

Nanjing Massacre 349, 350

National Human Rights Commission of Korea 362

National Institute for Research Advancement (NIRA), Japan 56

Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainability xiii

Asian Energy Security project 101, 118

Interconnected Global Problems in Northeast Asia

Energy Security, Green Economy, and Urban Security conference 141

NAPSNet 76

Neff, Thomas 121

Network of the Northeast Asian Security Challenge Cluster 373

New Asia Initiative (NAI) 343

New Zealand

abdication from nuclear alliance 273, 317

Niigata, Japan 65

Nixon, Richard 271

Noh, Moon-Hyun 187

non-governmental organizations 9, 68, 81, 109, 175, 344, 364, 390

non-state actors 5, 19, 261, 264, 302, 333

nuclear weapons capable 278, 290, 297

Northeast Asia

anti-region 36, 346, 406

development and democratization 323

economic growth 89

energy resources 107

regional energy cooperation 90, 108, 206, 214

territorial disputes 319, 322, 330

Northeast Asia Cooperation Dialogue 77

Northeast Asian Conference on Environmental Cooperation (NEAC) 80

Northeast Asian Cooperation Initiative 381

Northeast Asian Forest Forum (NEAFF) 78, 355

North-East Asian Transport Corridor 59

Northeast Asian Treaty on Amity and Cooperation 389

North Korea

and China 308

collapse of 207, 265

Ministry of Land and Environmental Protection 357

opening up 47, 53

North Korean nuclear weapons problem 55, 66, 108, 114, 193, 200, 228, 261, 263, 273, 299, 317, 322, 325, 327, 331, 335, 341, 407

and civil society 76, 219, 303

and energy security 201, 203, 207, 208, 217, 220

and regional energy networks 47

energy aid 108

Yongbyon nuclear facility 274

North-South Peace Institute 368

Nuclear Free and Independent Pacific Movement 273, 317

nuclear next-use 261, 264, 265, 290

and non-state actors 20, 114, 263, 265, 275, 278, 279, 298, 398

China 285

Japan 287

North Korea 282, 287

Russia 289

South Korea 287, 289

Taiwan 290

Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) 20, 268, 275, 298, 299

nuclear power

and civil society 109, 217

China 153, 154, 156

Japan 163, 168, 169, 173, 177, 247, 165

location of nuclear facilities 127, 291

Northeast Asia 90

North Korea 108

nuclear fuel cycle 90

renaissance 173

South Korea 181, 189, 194, 215, 258, 299

waste management 213, 217

nuclear weapons 8

and Australia 272

and China 263, 270, 271, 274, 279, 317

and civil society 262, 303, 317, 318, 335

and complexity 274, 279

and great powers 262, 263, 264, 265

and Japan 272, 273

and Russia 262

and South Korea 325, 377

and the former Soviet Union 274

and the Korean War 269

and the United States 262, 273, 274

compellence 275

deterrence 205, 272, 275

market-based strategies for reducing nuclear-next use risk 302

Mutually Assured Destruction 286

non-proliferation regime 72, 299

nuclear truel 276

proliferation 263, 264, 273, 274, 275, 284, 286, 287, 290, 296, 298, 299

US nuclear hegemony 72, 261, 269, 273, 274, 275, 317

nuclear weapons-free zone 299, 301, 303

Latin American Treaty of Tlatalelco 301

nuclear weapons problem 3, 20, 21

conventional definition 269

disarmament 261

solutions 302

Nye, Joseph 333

Okada, Katsuya 300

Olympic Games

North Korea 403

South Korea 341

Tokyo 232

Organization for East Asian Economic Development 380

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 190, 325, 360

Pacific Asia Regional Energy Security (PARES) 121

Park, Chung Hee 354, 372

Park, DongKyun 355, 356

Park, Guen-Hye 327

Park, Won Soon 258

Peace Depot 300

Peopleʹs Daily 309

Perry, William 366, 367

population

aging 233

China 141, 195, 239, 243

global 224

Japan 157, 160

Northeast Asia 89

Northeast Asian giga-city 53

Seoul 229

Tokyo 232

urban 68, 125, 224, 243

port cities

and climate change adaptation 63

vulnerability to climate change 59, 127, 202

power plants

location 108, 128, 129

Proliferation Security Initiative 298

RAND Corporation 371, 375

Refugee Aid Network 344, 361, 364, 375

Refugee pNan 361

refugees 364, 402

Japan 360

North Korean 359

South Korea 364

renewable energy 42, 139, 212, 218

China 152, 156

Japan 46, 173, 174

South Korea 189, 193

Rischard, Jean-Francois 17

Roh, Moo-hyun 326, 342, 365, 366, 368, 372

Rokkasho reprocessing plant 168

Roppongi Hills, Japan 235

Rosenau, James 19, 67

Rotterdam New World Alliance 61

rurbanization 52, 225, 298, 394

Japan 235

South Korea 231

scenarios

Northeast Asia 2050

Is there a role for civil society in meeting the climate change challenge? 401

urban and energy security policies 138

Will East Asia Mega-cities be Secure and Sustainable by 2050? 405

sea-level rise 108, 125, 403

China 241

Japan 239

port cities 59

South Korea 240

Sejong Institute 371, 388

Seoul Forum for International Affairs 372

Seoul Nuclear Security Summit 295, 326

Seoul, South Korea 64

city farming project 259

Seoul Metropolitan Area 229, 259

September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks 275, 294, 321, 367

Shambaugh, David 302

shared futures 405

Shin, Chang-hoon 377

Sino-Japanese relations 72, 306, 327

Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City (SSTEC) 259

Six Party Talks 24, 90, 108, 299, 301

smart grid 151, 213, 254, 255

social media 63, 236

and North Korea 314

China 4, 8, 317, 329

Chinese super-bloggers 309

South Korea 329

soft power 327, 333

solar

China 44, 151, 152, 156

Japan 173, 176, 248

South Korea 215

Son, Hyeonju 393

Southeast Asia Treaty Organization 270

South Korea

Blue House 324, 373

economy 177, 178, 182, 325

Korean Trade-Investment Promotion Agency (KOTRA) 334

Lee Myung-bak government 75

Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade 368

Refugee Act 344

South Korean foreign policy 74, 182, 331, 343. See also diplomacy

and energy security 221

complex networked diplomacy 5, 74

“Global Korea” strategy 75

middle power status 320, 326, 343

Suzuki, Tatsujiro 389

Taiwan 262, 273

1958 Taiwan Straits Crisis 270

Taiwan Straits conflict 72

Takao, Yasuo 64, 81, 379, 381, 389

Takase, Kae 46, 169

technology 46, 127, 135, 137, 156, 191, 235, 252, 256, 403

temperature rise

and energy facilities 202

China 246

global 203

Japan 245

Korea 181

ocean 60, 353

terrorism. See also nuclear next use and non-state actors

think tanks 371

Three Mile Island nuclear disaster 111

Track 2 23, 77, 303, 386

trafficking 290, 337

Trainter, Joseph 70, 72

transboundary environmental problems 354

transportation 126, 131, 139, 214, 256

and civil society 131

China 149, 250, 251

Japan 172, 235, 251

Shinkansen 58, 232, 240

Trilateral Cooperation Secretariat 327

tri-polar system 271

tsunami 85, 240, 403

typhoon 398

Japan 242

South Korea 242

Umebayashi, Hiromichi 300

uncivil society 77. See also non-state actors

Union of International Associations (UIA) 22, 341

United Nations

Charter 334

Secretary General 325

Security Council 278, 298

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development 1992 141

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs 224

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) 138, 140

Global 500 award 253

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) 358, 362

Refugee Convention 360

United States

Commander-in-Chief in Hawaii 270

Department of Defense 265

Department of Energy (DOE) 113

economy 323

Nuclear Regulatory Commission 293

State Departmentʹs Undersecretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs 334

urban corridor 2, 6, 14, 52, 55, 56, 81, 83, 226, 228, 298, 379. See BeSeTo, mega-city, giga-city

urban development 128

and energy security 211

China 150, 237

clustered development 128

Japan 172

Seoul 230

South Korea 191

Tokyo 233

urbanization 2, 53, 225

China 142, 239

compressed urbanization 229

Seoul 232

Tokyo 236

urban security 7, 90, 130, 260

and civil society 131, 236

and climate change 200

and complexity 224

and technology 236

China 45, 259

definition 125

inequality 225, 239

infrastructure 225

service provision 225

social conflict 229

South Korea 43, 259

Vietnam War 270, 272

Voice-over-Internet Protocol (VoIP) 395, 396

Weibo 305

Wen, Jiabo 146

Wong, John on-fat 285, 286, 288

Woo, Geun-min 366

World Bank 239

World Economic Forum 187

World War II 232, 346

Xinhua 309

Yasukuni Shrine 322, 349

yellow sand 39, 52, 79, 80, 353, 398

Yellow Sea Rim Economic Bloc 380

Yoon, Esook 79

Young Sun, Ha 73

Yuhan-Kimberley 355

zero-net-energy buildings 139

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