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Foundations for Moral Relativism

 | 
J. David Velleman

Index

Texte intégral

Abelson, Robert P. 70, 71

Abend, Gabriel x

absolutism 28, 30, 35, 125-126

absurdity 119-122, 123, 127

action. See also speech acts
as object of intention 104
taxonomy of 2, 4, 58-60, 68-69, 70, 71, 72
types 4, 30, 54-55, 58, 67, 73
virtual 12-15, 20
vs. mere behavior 31-32, 50

admiration 94, 95

agency, commitment to 32-33, 35-36, 48

agents
believable 16-20
rationally independent 16-17
synthetic 15-17

Aikhenvald, Alexandra x

aims 64, 97, 98, 122
internal. See internal aim

animation 5, 17-19, 20

Anscombe, G. E. M. 89

Appiah, K. Anthony x

arbitrariness 121-124

Ardener, Edwin 58-59

Arendt, Hannah 88, 110

Aristotle 4, 32, 41-43, 47, 48, 49-50, 51, 115

Atkins, Kim 107

Atkinson, J. Maxwell 53, 85

attention 92, 107, 111, 112, 113, 114
joint 109-110, 111, 116

autonomy 16, 32, 36

avatars 4, 5-16, 19, 20

Babb, L. Alan x

bad faith 36

Baining 25, 34

Bali 44-47

Basso, Keith H. 68

Bauman, Richard 68

Baumer, Donald 63

Bicchieri, Cristina 71

Bloomfield, Paul x

body 4, 6, 11, 14-15, 20, 21, 56, 58
bodily movement 6, 9, 14, 18, 58
taxonomy of 58-60

Boghossian, Paul x, 27, 76, 93

Brakel, Linda ix

Brasol, Boris 67

Bratman, Michael E. 12, 16, 104

Braun, David x

Brodersen, Arvid 57

Broome, John 72

Capulet, Juliet 110

Cassinelli, C. W. 23

Chang, Ruth xi

Chapman, Malcolm 59

charity, principle of 85, 93, 94. See also gratitude

Chung, Kyung-Sook 63

Clark, Herbert H. 69

common knowledge 8, 69-70, 96, 109

community, defined 1, 55, 76, 85

content, incompletable 108

convention 37, 67, 80, 91

convergence 3, 54, 55, 85, 86-87, 89, 90, 98, 99, 117. See also coordination

cooperation 57, 95-97

coordination 54-55, 91, 92, 95-97, 117

Crisp, Roger 115

Danziger, Eve 65

Darwall, Stephen x

Davidson, Donald 31, 84, 91

de Vignemont, Frédérique x

deception 87, 91

Dennett, Daniel C. 14

Dickie, Imogen ix, x

Dipert, Randall x, 58

directions
down vs. to be adopted 81-83, 97
to travelers 78-79, 89, 92

disagreement 2-3, 4, 55, 74, 76, 99-100
faultless 2, 55, 76

Dostoyevsky, Fyodor 67

Dreier, James 78

du Boulay, Juliet 64

Duke, Katherine ix

eBay 12

Ebels-Duggan, Kyla x

eccentricity 57, 85, 87, 124-126

Ehrenberg, Ken x

Ekvall, Robert B. 23

Emerson, Ralph Waldo 101

emotion 17, 19, 21, 113

Enfield, N. J. 65, 69

Enoch, David 35

Erdur, Melis x

ethnomethodology 56, 57

étok-étok 65, 67, 73-74

Everett, Daniel L. 63

evidentials 61-63, 68

Fajans, Jane 25, 34

Faller, Martina T. 61, 63

female circumcision 76, 77, 79, 92, 97, 98

fiction 5-11, 11, 14-15, 21, 64

Fleck, David W. 61

“flow” 107

Foley, William A. 58

frame of reference 79, 83, 89, 92, 94

framing effect 72-73, 74

Franklin, S. 16

Freed, M. 16

Frey, R. G. 72

Friedl, Ernestine 64

friendship 115, 116, 117

Geertz, Clifford 43-47, 63, 65-66, 73

generosity, principle of 93, 94

Gilbert, Margaret 69

Gilsenan, Michael 66

Ginet, Carl 102, 124

God 125

Goffman, Erving 71

Gombrich, Richard F. 64

Grandy, Richard E. 12

gratititude, principle of 85

gravity. See weight

Greenough, Patrick 28, 76

Grice, H. Paul 63, 65, 106

guilt 25-27

Hales, Steven D. 28, 76

Hamlet 6

Harman, Gilbert 12, 105

Harris, Rachael M. 64, 66

Hempel, Carl G. 50

Heritage, John 53, 85

Herman, Barbara x

Herzog, Don x

Hingley, Ronald 66, 67

Holland, Dorothy 66

human nature 84, 94, 95, 96, 102, 117, 126, 127

Hume, David 95

humility 3, 92

Ibo 59, 68

idiosyncrasy. See eccentricity

Ilongot 24-25, 34, 60-61

indexicals 29, 34, 37-38, 78-79, 81, 90

instant messaging 10, 19-20

intention 9, 12-14, 16, 57, 65, 67, 79, 104-105, 106
joint 69-70, 71, 103, 108-110, 111, 115, 116

internal aim
of action 40-43
of language 40

interpretation 4, 5, 19-20, 50-51, 68-69, 86-87, 89, 90-92, 94, 98, 99. See also mutual interpretation

Johnston, Ollie 18

joint attention. See attention joint

justification 87-88, 90, 122-123

Kagan, Shelly x

Kahneman, Daniel 72

kala: m 64, 67, 73

Kaluli 26, 33

Kant, Immanuel 4, 31-34, 36, 48-49, 50, 102, 114

Kapferer, Bruce 66

Keeler, Ward 46

Keenan, Elinor Ochs 63

Kikuyu 75-76, 79-80, 92, 93, 98

Kirkpatrick, John 25

kizb 66, 67, 73

Kohn, Jerome 110

Korsgaard, Christine 32, 43

Kraut, Richard 47

Kusch, Martin x

Langton, Rae xi

Lear, Gabriel Richardson 47

Leist, Anton 117

Levinson, Stephen C. 65, 69

Lewis, David 95

love 11, 12, 113-115, 116, 117

Loyall, A. Bryan 17, 18, 19

lying 29-30, 65-68, 73, 91

Lynch, Micheal P. 28, 76

Macbeth 119

Mackenzie, Catriona 107

make-believe 6-11

Manes, Joan x

Mannheim, Bruce x

Mateas, Michael 17

Matthewson, Lisa 58, 63

Mbuti 75-76, 77, 79-80

McMurrin, Sterling M. 102

meaning of life 4

Meredith, James Creed 114

Mill, John Stuart 87

Mischel, Theodore 113

Mitova, Velislava x

Montague, Romeo 110

Montero, David 63

moral black holes 101, 117

moral relativism 1-2, 3, 4, 54, 55-56, 73-74, 75-77, 83, 92-100, 101, 120, 127

moralities, plural 1-3, 4, 94, 96, 97, 127

morality 1-3, 55, 75, 76, 79, 90, 94, 98, 101, 102, 126-127

mores 1, 3, 28, 48, 76, 80, 83, 84, 85, 89, 92, 94, 96, 97, 126

Morris, Christopher W. 72

mutual intelligibility 20

mutual interpretability, drive toward 84, 88, 89, 90, 91, 93, 94

mutual interpretation 50-51, 57, 84, 88, 89, 94, 95, 96, 97, 99

Nagel, Thomas 86, 102-103, 110, 111-113, 114, 119-125, 126

natural selection 101, 117

Navy detailer 16-17

Nehamas, Alexander x

Newman, John 58

Nidditch, P. H. 95

nihilism 35

normativity 2, 81, 82, 82-83, 87, 90, 92, 93, 94

norms (standards) 79, 93, 94, 101, 127
linguistic 37-41
ubiquitous 93-94, 97-98
universal 1, 2, 28, 39, 93-94, 98

objective self-conception 4, 21, 103-111

observables 56, 57

opacity of mind 24-27, 48

openness of the future 105, 111

ordinariness 53-55, 68, 71, 83, 85-89, 90, 96

Owens, David x

Parkin, David 59

Passinsky, Asya 114

Pauer-Studer, Herlinde x

Paul, Robert A. 23, 24, 26, 27

Perry, John 29, 34, 77, 78, 103

personality 17, 19, 21

personhood 4, 19, 84, 102-104, 107, 108, 110
value of 102, 111-117

perspective 2, 4, 5, 8, 28-31, 35, 81, 82, 89, 90, 92, 93, 97, 103, 105, 124

plans. See intentions

Polonius 6

practical repertoire 72, 73

pretend play. See make-believe

progress 4, 97-98, 99, 127

Pudner, Kalynne ix

Quechua 61-63, 68

Quinn, Naomi 66

reasoning 77, 83, 91
practical 13, 80, 102

reasons 2, 4, 74, 77, 79-81, 82-83, 92-93, 94, 97-99, 123
anti-reductionism about 80-81
complete 79, 80, 89
for action 30-32, 91
for attitudes 88-90

Reisman, Karl 68

ridiculousness 114, 119, 120, 122, 125, 126, 127

roles 32-33, 36, 48

Rorty, Amélie Oksenberg 14

Rosaldo, Michelle Z. 24, 26, 60

Rosen, Gideon x

Rosen, Lawrence 23

Ryle, Gilbert 73

Sacks, Harvey 53-56, 57, 71, 85

Sartre, Jean Paul 36

Sawyer, R. Keith 70

Scanlon, Micheal 63

Scanlon, T. M. 80

scenarios 25, 32-33, 70-72

Schank, Roger C. 70, 71

Schegloff, Emanuel A. 56

Schieffelin, Bambi x

Schieffelin, Edward L. 26, 33

Schutz, Alfred 57-58, 68

Searle, John R. 60-63, 67

Searles, Ned 68

Second Life. See virtual worlds

Selby-Bigge, L. A. 95

self-conception. See objective self-conception

Senft, Gunter x, 65

sexual arousal 110, 116, 117

Shah, Nishi x

Shakespeare, William 6

shame 26-27

shared intention. See intention, joint

Sherpas 23-24, 26-27, 28, 32-33, 48

Sherzer, Joel 68

shmagency 35

Shoemaker, Sydney 14, 102, 124

Shweder, Richard A. 1

Silverstein, Matty x

skill 9, 12-13

Smith, Matthew Noah x, 56

social construction 2, 4, 54-55, 58-59, 68

social interaction 4, 5, 10, 16, 20, 54, 68, 69, 70-72, 84, 86, 89, 99, 111

sociality 20, 91, 99, 100, 101, 103
drive toward 84, 88, 89, 90, 94

solitude 101, 103, 110-111, 116-117

speech acts 60-63, 64-68, 106

Stamm, Marcelo 77, 103

Starr, Will x

Street, Sharon x, xi, 93

sublime, sense of 114

Sweetser, Eve E. 66

Swidler, Ann 57

Taylor, Charles 113

Telban, Borut 58

Thomas, Frank 18

truth 24, 27

Turing, Alan 19, 105, 106

Turing Test 4, 19-20, 84, 87, 106

Tversky, Amos 72

universalism 2

universality 74, 75-77, 93-94, 112

values 4, 77, 87, 90, 102, 103, 111, 115, 116, 125-126, 127

valuing personhood. See personhood

Vanderveken, Daniel 60

Velleman, Daniel B. x, 63

Velleman, J. David (other writings by) 69, 92, 98, 99, 105, 107, 108, 110, 113, 117

virtual play 7-11

virtual worlds 4, 5-16, 19, 20-21

Voeller, Carol x

von Fintel, Kai 58, 63

vranyo 66-67, 73

Walton, Kendall L. 6

Warner, Richard 12

way of life 89, 92, 96, 97, 98-99, 101, 117, 125, 126

weight
gravitational 81-82, 89
rational 81, 82-83, 89, 90, 94

Western Apache 68

White, Geoffrey M. 25

Wierzbicka, Anna 58, 67

Williams, Bernard 31, 91

Williams, Drid 58

Winnicott, Donald 111

Wooldridge, Michael J. 16, 17

Yousef, Nancy xi

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