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What Works in Conservation 2020

William J. Sutherland
Lynn V. Dicks
Silviu O. Petrovan
et al.

7. Primate conservation

7.1 Threat: Residential and commercial development

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Likely to be beneficial

Remove and relocate ‘problem’ animals

1Three studies, including one replicated, before-and-after trial, in India, Kenya, the Republic of Congo and Gabon found that most primates survived the translocation. One study found that all translocated rhesus monkeys remained at the release site for at least four years. Another study showed that after 16 years, 66 % of olive baboons survived and survival rate was similar to wild study groups. The third study showed that 84 % of gorillas released in the Republic of Congo and Gabon survived for at least four years. Assessment: likely to be beneficial (effectiveness 60 %; certainty 50 %; harms 10 %).


No evidence found (no assessment)

3We have captured no evidence for the following interventions:

  • Relocate primates to non-residential areas
  • Discourage the planting of fruit trees and vegetable gardens on the urban edge biodiversity-friendly farming.

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