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Foundations for Moral Relativism

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J. David Velleman

Index

Note de l’éditeur

A second, expanded edition of this book has been published: https://books.openedition.org/obp/1872

Texte intégral

Abelson, Robert P., 40, 41

Abend, Gabriel, x

absolutism, 95–96

absurdity, 89–92, 93, 96

action. See also speech acts as object of intention, 74
taxonomy of, 2, 4, 28–30, 38–39, 40, 41, 44
types, 4, 24–25, 28, 37, 43
virtual, 12–15, 20

admiration, 57–60, 64

agents
believable, 16–20
rationally independent, 16–17
synthetic, 15–17

Aikhenvald, Alexandra, x

aims, 34, 59, 63, 67, 92

animation, 5, 17–19, 20

Anscombe, G.E.M., 58

Appiah, K. Anthony, x

arbitrariness, 90–94

Ardener, Edwin, 28–29

Arendt, Hannah, 58, 80

Aristotle, 85

attention, 62, 77, 81, 82, 83, 84
joint, 79–80, 81, 86

autonomy, 16

avatars, 4, 5–15, 19, 20

Babb, L. Alan, x

Basso, Keith H., 38

Bicchieri, Cristina, 41

Bloomfield, Paul, x

body, 4, 6, 12, 14–15, 20, 21, 26, 28
bodily movement, 6, 9, 14, 18, 28
taxonomy of, 28–29

Boghossian, Paul, x, 46, 63

Brakel, Linda, ix

Bratman, Michael E., 12, 16, 74

Braun, David, x

Bridges, Kitty, v

Broome, John, 42

Capulet, Juliet, 80

Chang, Ruth, x

charity, principle of, 54, 55, 63–64. See also gratitude

Chung, Kyung-Sook, 33

Clark, Herbert H., 39

common knowledge, 8, 39–40, 66, 79

community, defined, 1, 24, 45, 55

content, incompletable, 78

convention, 37, 50, 61

convergence, 3, 24, 55, 56–57, 59, 60, 65–66, 67, 68, 69, 87. See also coordination

cooperation, 27, 65–66

coordination, 24–25, 61, 62, 65–66, 87

Danziger, Eve, 35

Darwall, Stephen, x

Davidson, Donald, 54, 61

de Vignemont, Frédérique, x

deception, 57, 61

Dennett, Daniel C., 14

Dickie, Imogen, ix, x

Dipert, Randall, x, 28

Directions
down vs. to be adopted, 52–53, 67
to travelers, v, 48–49, 59, 62

disagreement, 2–3, 4, 25, 43–44, 46, 69
faultless, 2, 25, 46

Dostoyevsky, Fyodor, 37

Dreier, James, 47

du Boulay, Juliet, 35

eBay, 12

Ebels-Duggan, Kyla, x

eccentricity, 27, 55, 56, 94–96

Ehrenberg, Ken, x

Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 71

emotion, 17, 19, 21, 83

Erdur, Melis, x

ethnomethodology, 26, 27

étok-étok, 35, 37, 43–44

Everett, Daniel L., 33

evidentials, 31–33, 38

Faller, Martina T., 31, 33

female circumcision, 46, 47, 48, 62, 67, 68

fiction, 10, 5–11, 12, 14–15, 21, 34

Fleck, David W., 31

“flow”, 77

Foley, William A., 28

frame of reference, 49, 53, 58, 59, 62, 63

framing effect, 42–43, 44

Franklin, S., 16

Frey, R.G., 42

Friedl, Ernestine, 34

friendship, 85, 86, 87

Geertz, Clifford, 33, 35–36, 43

generosity, principle of, 63–64

Gilbert, Margaret, 39

Gilsenan, Michael, 36

God, 95

Goffman, Erving, 40

Gombrich, Richard F., 34

gratititude, principle of, 55

gravity. See weight

Grice, H. Paul, 33, 35, 76

Hamlet, 6

Harman, Gilbert, 12, 75

Harris, Rachael M., 34, 36

Herman, Barbara, ix

Herzog, Don, x

Hingley, Ronald, 36, 37

human nature, 53, 56, 64, 66, 72, 87, 96, 97

Hume, David, 65

humility, 3, 62

Ibo, 29, 38

idiosyncrasy. See eccentricity

Ilongot, 30–31

indexicals, 48–49, 51, 60

instant messaging, 10, 19–20

intention, 9, 12–14, 16, 27, 35, 37, 49, 74–75, 76
joint, 39–40, 41, 73, 78–80, 81, 85, 86

interpretation, 4, 5, 19–20, 38–39, 56–57, 59, 60–61, 64, 68, 69. See also mutual interpretation

Johnston, Ollie, 18

joint attention. See attention, joint

justification, 57–58, 59, 92–93

Kagan, Shelly, x

Kahneman, Daniel, 42

kala:m, 34, 37, 43

Kant, Immanuel, 72, 84

Keenan, Elinor Ochs, 33

Kikuyu, 45–46, 48, 49–50, 62, 68

kizb, 36, 37, 43

Kusch, Martin, x

Langton, Rae, x

Lewis, David, 65

love, 11, 12, 83–85, 86, 87

Loyall, A. Bryan, 17, 18, 19

lying, 35–38, 43, 61

Macbeth, 89

make-believe, 6–11

Manes, Joan, x

Mannheim, Bruce, x

Mateas, Michael, 17

Matthewson, Lisa, 28, 33

Mbuti, 45–46, 47, 49–50

meaning of life, 4

Mill, John Stuart, 57

Mitova, Velislava, x

Montague, Romeo, 80

moral black holes, 71, 87

moral relativism, 1–3, 4, 24, 25, 43–47, 53, 62–69, 71, 90, 96–97

moralities, plural, 1–3, 4, 49, 64, 66, 97

morality, 1–3, 25, 45, 46, 49, 60, 64, 68, 71, 72, 96–97

mores, 1–2, 3, 46, 50, 53, 55, 59, 62, 64, 66, 67, 96

Morris, Christopher W., 42

mutual intelligibility, 20

mutual interpretability, drive toward, 54, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64

mutual interpretation, 27, 54, 55, 58, 59, 64, 65, 66, 67, 69

Nagel, Thomas, 56, 72–73, 80, 81–83, 84, 93, 89–95, 96

natural selection, 71, 87

Navy detailer, 16–17

Nehamas, Alexander, x

normativity, 3, 51, 52–53, 57, 60, 62, 63, 64, 67

norms (standards), 45, 49, 63, 71, 97
ubiquitous, 63–64, 66, 67, 68
universal, 1, 63–64, 68

objective self-conception, 4, 21, 73–81

observables, 26

openness of the future, 75, 81

ordinariness, 23–25, 23–25, 38, 41, 53, 55, 56, 57–59, 60, 66

Owens, David, x

Passinsky, Asya, 84

Pauer-Studer, Herlinde, x

Perry, John, 47, 48, 73

personality, 17, 19, 21

personhood, 4, 19, 54, 72–74, 77, 78, 80
value of, 72, 95–96, 81–87

perspective, 2, 4, 5, 8, 51, 52, 59, 62, 63, 67, 73, 75, 94

plans. See intention

Polonius, 6

practical repertoire, 42, 43

pretend play. See make-believe

progress, 4, 67, 68, 69, 97

Pudner, Kalynne, ix

Quechua, 31–33, 38

reasoning, 47, 53, 61
practical, 13, 50, 72

reasons, 2, 4, 44, 46, 47, 49–51, 52–53, 62, 64, 67–69, 92, 93
anti-reductionism about, 50–51
complete, 49, 50, 59
for acting, 61
for attitudes, 58–60

Reisman, Karl, 38

ridiculousness, 84, 89, 90, 91, 95, 97

Rosaldo, Michelle, 30

Rosen, Gideon, x

Ryle, Gilbert, 43

Sacks, Harvey, 23–26, 27, 41, 55

Sawyer, R. Keith, 40

Scanlon, T.M., 50

scenarios, 40–41

Schank, Roger C., 40, 41

Schegloff, Emanuel A., 26

Schieffelin, Bambi, x

Schutz, Alfred, 27–28, 38

Searle, John R., 30–33, 37

Searles, Ned, 38

Second Life. See virtual worlds

self-conception. See objective self-conception

Senft, Gunter, x, 35

sexual arousal, 80, 86, 87

Shah, Nishi, x

Shakespeare, William, 6

shared intention. See intention, joint

Shoemaker, Sydney, 14

Shweder, Richard A., 1

Silverstein, Matty, x

skill, 9, 12–13

Smith, Matthew Noah, x, 26

social construction, 2, 4, 24–25, 28–29, 38

social interaction, 4, 5, 10, 16, 20, 24, 38, 39, 40–41, 53–54, 55, 59, 69, 81

sociality, 20, 60, 61, 69, 71, 73

drive toward, 53, 54, 58, 59, 60, 64

solitude, 71, 73, 80–81, 86–87

speech acts, 30–33, 34–38, 76

Starr, Will, x

Street, Sharon, x, 63

sublime, sense of, 84

Sweetser, Eve E., 36

Swidler, Ann, 27

Taylor, Charles, 83

Telban, Borut, 28

Thomas, Frank, 18

Turing, Alan, 19, 75, 76

Turing Test, 4, 19–20, 54, 57, 19–20

Tversky, Amos, 42

universalism, 2

universality, 44, 45–47, 63–64, 82

values, 4, 47, 57, 60, 72, 73, 81, 85, 86, 95–96, 97

valuing personhood. See personhood, value of

Vanderveken, Daniel, 30

Velleman, Daniel B., x, 33

Velleman, J. David (other writings by), 39, 60, 61, 62, 68, 75, 77, 78, 80, 83, 87

virtual play, 7–11

virtual worlds, 4, 5–15, 19, 20–21

Voeller, Carol, ix

von Fintel, Kai, 28, 33

vranyo, 36–37, 43

Walton, Kendall L., ix, 6

way of life, 59, 62, 66, 67, 68–69, 71, 87, 95, 96

weight
gravitational, 51, 52, 59
rational, 51, 52–53, 59, 64

Western Apache, 38

Wierzbicka, Anna, 28, 37

Williams, Bernard, 61

Williams, Drid, 28

Winnicott, Donald, 81

Wooldridge, Michael J., 16

Yousef, Nancy, x

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