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OpenEdition Books Open Book Publishers OBP collection The Classic Short Story, 1870-1925

The Classic Short Story, 1870-1925

Florence Goyet

Table des matières

Part I: Structure

1. Paroxystic Characterisation

Extremes in the fantastic short story

2. Antithetic Structure

Secondary tensions
Editing antithetic tension: Maupassant and James

3. Ending with a Twist

The “twist-in-the-tail” and antithetic tension
The “Twist-in-the-tail” and retroreading
“Open” texts and tension

4. The Tools of Brevity

Preconstructed material
Character types
Recurring characters and empty characters
Tight focus
Permanence of types

5. Conclusion to Part I

Hypotyposis and schematisation
Short stories, sensational news items and serials
The short story: privileged object of narratology

Part II: Media

6. Exoticism in the Classic Short Story

The role of the press
Exotic subjects
The constraints of the newspapers
Exceptions to the rule

7. Short Stories and the Travelogue

Praise of nature, criticism of culture
From vision to judgement: guidelines for description

Part III: Reader, Character and Author

8. A Foreign World

An explicit distance
The use of types: subversion or immersion?
“Deceptive representations” of reality
The great man
“We are simply the case”: James and abstract entities
Reading at face value: the double distance

9. Dialogue and Character Discreditation

Direct and indirect speech: Verga’s novel versus short stories
Dialect and distancing
Foreign terms

10. The Narrator, the Reflector and the Reader

Unreliable narrators and reflectors
Reliable narrators and reflectors

11. Distance and Emotion

The short story with a dilemma
Readers’ emotional response to the classic short story

Epilogue: Beyond the Classic Short Story

Lengthy stories: the long Yvette after the brief Yveline
Fantastic tales: the deconstruction of the self
Authors at a crossroads


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