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On History

Jules Michelet

2. Chronology of Jules Michelet1

Texte intégral

  • 1 Major works are marked in bold.

1798. Born in Paris. 16 rue de Tracy, near the Porte Saint-Denis. Father a master printer; mother, Angélique-Constance Millet, from a well-to-do peasant family in Renwez (Ardennes).

1808. Father imprisoned for debt.

1808-1809. Works in his father’s printing shop.

1812-1816. Student at Collège (now Lycée) Charlemagne.

1815. Death of his mother.

1816. Baptised. Wins three prizes in the Concours général, a national competition for students in the penultimate and final classes of colleges and lycées.

1817. Baccalauréat. Assistant teacher at Institution Briand.

1818. Licence.

1819. Doctorat ès Lettres.

1821. Passes Agrégation, a competitive examination that entitles those who have passed it to teach in public institutions of higher education.

1822-1827. Professor of History at Collège Sainte Barbe in Paris.

1824. Marriage to Pauline Rousseau (20 May); birth of daughter Adèle (28 August).

1824. Encouraged by his teacher, Victor Cousin, undertakes to translate Vico’s La Scienza nuova.

1825. Makes the acquaintance of Edgar Quinet through Victor Cousin.

1825. Tableau chronologique de l’Histoire de France.

1826. Applies for chair at École Normale.

1826. Tableau synchronique de l’Histoire Moderne.

1827. Apppointed Professor of Philosophy and History at École Normale.

1827. Principes de la Philosophie de l’Histoire (his translation of Vico).

1827. Précis de l’Histoire Moderne, vol. 1.

1828. Travels to Germany. Appointed tutor to the Princesse de Berry, grand-daughter of Charles X, the last Bourbon king.

1828. Précis de l’Histoire Moderne, vol. 2.

1829. Birth of Michelet’s son Charles.

1830. Travels in Italy. July Revolution. Charles X flees and Louis-Philippe assumes the throne. Michelet appointed Head of the History Section of the Archives Nationales. Also appointed tutor to Princesse Clémentine, youngest daughter of Louis-Philippe.

1831. Introduction à l’Histoire Universelle.

1831. Histoire Romaine, vols. I, II.

1833. Précis de l’Histoire de France.

1833. Histoire de France, vols. I, II (until 1270).

1834-1835. Serves as substitute professor at the Sorbonne for François Guizot, who had been appointed Minister of Education.

1834. Travels to England.

1835. Mémoires de Luther.

1837. Travels to Belgium and Holland.

1837. Histoire de France, vol. III (1270-1380).

1837. Origines du droit français.

1838. Appointed Professor at Collège de France. Gives up his position at the École Normale. Elected to Académie des Sciences morales et politiques. Visits Venice.

1839. Visits Lyon. Death of Pauline.

1840. Establishes a relationship with Mme Dumesnil; becomes colleague of Polish Romantic and national poet Adam Mickiewicz on latter’s appointment to Chair of Slavic Literature at Collège de France. Travels to Belgium.

1840. Histoire de France, vol. IV (1380-1422).

1841. Edgar Quinet appointed Professor of Languages and Literatures of Southern Europe at Collège de France. Michelet, Quinet and Mickiewicz close colleagues and friends.

1841. Procès des Templiers, vol. I. Collection de documents inédits sur l’histoire de France.

1841. Histoire de France, vol. V (Joan of Arc).

1842. Death of Mme Dumesnil. Travels to Germany.

1843. Michelet resigns from his position as tutor to the royal princesses. His daughter Adèle marries his favorite student, Alfred Dumesnil, the son of his former lover. Travels to Switzerland.

1843. Les Jésuites, written in collaboration with Edgar Quinet.

1844. Histoire de France, vol. VI (Louis XI).

1845. Clerical campaign directed against Michelet’s teaching at Collège de France.

1845. Du prêtre, de la femme et de la famille.

1846. Death of Michelet’s father, who had lived with him since the death of his mother in 1815.

1846. Le Peuple.

1847. Histoire de la Révolution française, vols. I, II.

1848. Michelet’s course at Collège de France suspended on charge of fomenting revolutionary unrest. Revolution of February 1848. Michelet’s course reinstated in triumph in March. Athénaïs Mialaret arrives in Paris with intention of being Michelet’s disciple. Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte elected President of France’s Second Republic in December.

1849. Marriage of Michelet and Athénaïs Mialaret.

1849. Histoire de la Révolution française, vol. III.

1850. Birth and death of the Michelets’ infant son, given the name Yves-Jean-Lazare.

1850. Histoire de la Révolution française, vol. IV.

1851. Anti-government demonstrations among students at Michelet’s lectures. Michelet’s course suspended. Coup d’état of Napoleon, who becomes Napoleon III.

1851. Procès des Templiers, vol. II.

1851. Histoire de la Révolution française, vol. V.

1852. Michelet refuses to swear oath of allegiance to Napoleon III and is dismissed from his positions at the Collège de France and at the Archives Nationales.

1853-1854. The Michelets go into exile in Italy (Nervi, Genoa, Turin).

1853. Histoire de la Révolution française, vol. VI.

1854. The Michelets return to Paris but are henceforth frequently absent from the capital—both in the French provinces and abroad, chiefly in Switzerland.

1854. Légendes démocratiques du Nord.

1854. Les Femmes de la Révolution.

1855. Death of Michelet’s daughter Adèle.

1855. Histoire de France, vols. VII (Renaissance) and VIII (Reformation).

1856. Histoire de France, vols. IX (Wars of Religion) and X (The League).

1856. L’Oiseau. (First of many highly successful books on topics of natural history. Having no official post, Michelet now has to earn a living from his writing).

1857. Histoire de France, vol. XI (Henri IV).

1857. L’Insecte.

1858. Histoire de France, vol. XII (Louis XIII).

1858. L’Amour.

1859. La Femme.

1860. Histoire de France, vol. XIII (Louis XIV).

1861. La Mer.

1862. Death of Michelet’s son Charles, who never amounted to much and to whom he was never close.

1862. Histoire de France, vol. XIV (Louis XIV).

1862. La Sorcière.

1863. Histoire de France, vol. XV (Regency of Duc d’Orléans).

1864. La Bible de l’Humanité.

1866. Histoire de France, vol. XVI (Louis XV).

1867. Histoire de France, vol. XVII (Louis XVI).

1868. La Montagne.

1869. New Prefaces for Histoire de France and Histoire de la Révolution.

1869. Nos Fils.

1870. Franco-Prussian War. The Michelets move to Italy. Michelet suffers attacks of apoplexy in Pisa and Florence. The couple visit Switzerland, then move to Hyères in the South of France, near the Mediterranean.

1871. La France devant l’Europe.

1872. Histoire du xixe siècle, vol. I.

1873. Histoire du xixe siècle, vol. II.

1874. Death of Michelet at Hyères.

1874. Histoire du xixe siècle, vol. III.

1876. Michelet’s remains transferred to Paris and buried at Père-Lachaise.

Fig. 1. Tomb of Jules Michelet by Antonin Mercié, Père Lachaise cemetery, Paris

Fig. 1. Tomb of Jules Michelet by Antonin Mercié, Père Lachaise cemetery, Paris

Photo by Pierre-Yves Beaudouin​wiki/​File:Père-Lachaise_-_Jules_Michelet_01.jpg


1 Major works are marked in bold.

Table des illustrations

Titre Fig. 1. Tomb of Jules Michelet by Antonin Mercié, Père Lachaise cemetery, Paris
Légende Photo by Pierre-Yves Beaudouin
Fichier image/jpeg, 317k


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