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Lifestyle in Siberia and the Russian North

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Joachim Otto Habeck

Index

Texte intégral

Abramovich, Roman 57

aesthetics 3, 4, 11, 15, 19, 46, 78, 88, 92–93, 192, 195, 198–199, 203–204, 211–213, 243, 246–247, 257–258, 262–265, 269–270, 274–275, 277–284, 286, 289–290, 333, 338, 371, 393, 395, 427, 430. See also art

alcoholism. See health: alcoholism

Altai Mountains 57, 75, 94, 151, 175, 430

Altai Republic 48, 63, 131, 133–134, 138, 145–147, 150–152, 154, 209, 441, 443

Altaian national revival 146, 153

Chemal 47–48, 54, 57, 131, 133, 138, 146–147, 151–154, 156, 161, 441, 443

Gorno-Altaisk 134, 137–138, 154

Ongudai 146–147, 152

Alupka 183, 188

animal 15, 75, 224, 270–271, 344, 347 animal figurine 344

animal rights 15

bear 347

reindeer 53, 55, 63, 66, 75, 82, 194, 220, 222, 231–232, 262, 334–335, 349, 430

salmon 56, 70, 75, 112–113

Appadurai, Arjun 169–170, 300

Arctic Ocean 53, 70, 418

art 91, 198, 260, 268–269, 271, 274–275, 278–280, 283, 285–288, 303, 357, 420. See also aesthetics

Athens 174, 178, 188

Baikal 4, 36, 52–53, 64, 70, 143, 156, 161, 168, 175, 188, 295–296, 311, 314, 320

Bakhtin, Mikhail 237, 365, 372, 393 chronotope 365, 372–373, 376, 379–381, 383, 385, 422

Barchunova, Tatiana 87

Bardot, Brigitte 10

Barnaul 70, 86, 134, 137, 147, 151, 232

Bateson, Gregory 342

Batken 323

Baudrillard, Jean 370, 393

Beck-Gernsheim, Elisabeth 13–14

Beck, Ulrich 13–14

Belokurikha 137, 147

Bering Sea 56–57, 70, 416

Bering Strait 79, 416

Berlin 41, 173, 185–186

Bevzenko, Liubov’ Dmitrievna 23

Black Sea 64, 137–139, 144–145, 160, 172–174, 182, 187–188, 416, 428

Bluhm, Katharina 403

Bolshevik 206, 277–279, 284, 288, 296

Bourdieu, Pierre 4–6, 10–13, 22, 24, 27, 121–122, 132, 204, 210, 326, 365, 368, 393, 399, 424, 439

Distinction 10–11, 368

braids 331, 340, 343–344, 351–353, 359

Bratsk 367

bricolage 13, 208–211, 246, 348, 428

Buryatia 37, 53, 58, 74, 136, 176, 179, 181, 188, 205, 217, 295–296, 319, 441, 443

capitalism 5, 17, 140, 148, 206, 257–259, 262, 265, 268–269, 284, 410

Caucasus 64

Chaney, David 5, 11, 14–16, 19, 22, 27, 46, 92, 106, 132, 142, 196, 206, 257–259, 262–264, 267–269, 275–277, 283, 290, 298, 306, 324, 327, 332–333, 337–339, 361, 365, 368–370, 383, 385, 393, 399, 401, 425–426, 436, 439, 441

Lifestyles 14, 24, 35, 92, 191, 263

Cheliabinsk 234, 367

childhood 107, 118, 134, 145, 182, 231, 235, 246

Chita 175

Chukchi Autonomous Region 42, 45, 48, 56–57, 77, 79, 193, 202, 205, 207, 210–211, 217, 230–231, 236, 243, 441, 443

Novoe Chaplino 47–48, 50–51, 56–57, 89, 191, 206, 214, 230, 236, 415–416, 441, 443 Provideniia 57

Church, the. See religion

class

middle-class 9–10, 24, 44, 141, 206, 209, 326, 408–409

upper-class 141, 409

working-class 140–141, 442

climate change 70

collectivism 2–3, 27, 83, 132, 171, 216–217, 276, 281, 306, 382–383, 401, 425, 445, 447.

See also individualism; See also memory: collective memory collective identity 12, 21, 383

collectivist ideology 401

communitas 42, 322, 325, 372

community 3, 7, 10, 20, 35–37, 41, 44, 46, 49, 54, 56–57, 63, 69–70, 80, 85, 88, 92–93, 112, 120, 132, 154–155, 161–162, 170, 179, 181, 192, 194, 196, 216, 219, 246, 258–259, 262– 263, 265–267, 269–270, 272–273, 276–277, 280–282, 284–285, 288–290, 296–297, 299–300, 303–305, 313–315, 317–321, 323–324, 326–327, 333, 337, 346, 349, 353, 361, 368, 377–378, 385, 393, 399–401, 412, 415–419, 421–422, 426, 429, 440–442

community formation 258, 262, 280, 282, 290

svoi 3, 281–282, 289–290

consumerism 28, 45, 207, 406–407, 410, 429

Cossacks 51

creativity 2–3, 54, 106, 125–126, 188, 354, 387, 402, 446, 448

dance 41, 144, 260, 269–270, 285–288, 315, 322, 338, 343, 347, 357, 375, 405

ballet 285–286

circle dance 260

folk dance 286, 288

“The Twist” 144

death 63, 235, 245, 281, 344, 349, 392

funeral 236, 355

homicide 146, 192

suicide 192–193, 334, 336, 349, 358

de Certeau, Michel 208, 370, 393

democracy 19, 288, 401–403, 411

Dittrich, Rita 24, 26

Domaranskaia, Anna 23

drink

alcohol 57, 334–336, 358, 391

vodka 109, 261

wine 261

kumys 259, 261

tea 110–111

Droogers, André 343

economy

economic crisis 20, 57, 411

economic growth 20, 51

market economy 19, 150, 404, 408

education 9, 18, 21, 23, 45, 93, 113, 116, 137, 145, 206–207, 211, 219, 245, 267, 270, 275, 277, 336, 340–342, 349–350, 391, 404–406, 417, 419, 426, 440, 442

patriotic education 340–341, 404–405

Ekaterinburg 367

elderly, the 44, 112, 160, 343, 345, 374, 404

Elias, Norbert 370, 393

Enlightenment, the 341

equality 143–145, 155, 159, 301, 314–315, 320, 322, 324–325, 328, 341, 403, 414

gender equality 341

sense of equality 315, 320, 322, 324–325, 328

social equality 143–144, 155

ethnic activism 295, 298–300

ethnic belonging 2, 325, 357, 421, 446

ethnic diversity 156, 295–296, 314, 322, 409

ethnic revival 303, 315–316

ethnic symbol 3–4, 339

ethnotopia 226

Evenkia 41, 56

Chirinda 41

Ekonda 41

Tura 40–41

family. See also childhood; See also motherhood

family portrait 227, 231

“happy family” 229, 231

kinship 37, 149, 224, 416, 419

nuclear family 228

Far Eastern Federal District 86

fashion 6, 16, 78, 144, 205–206, 209, 241, 260, 262–263, 268–269, 275, 283, 370, 392, 408–410, 426

dress 331, 338–339, 344–345, 351, 353

dressing up 240

ethnic costume 327

headdress 351

Mansi dress 351–352

materiality of clothes 351

scarf 340, 344, 351–353

festival 319, 321

Day of the Fisherman 110, 440

Day of the Reindeer Herder 73, 440

Nooruz 315–321

Sabantui 311, 315–321

Yhyakh 258–261, 266–270, 272–274, 288, 440

film 10, 39, 192, 210, 274, 278–280, 287, 366

fishing 51, 55–56, 70, 111–115, 120, 172, 187, 416, 430

folklore 41, 107, 155, 286, 315, 338–339, 347, 349

folktale 273, 347

food 27, 57, 61, 63, 75, 79, 109, 131, 138, 194, 221, 240, 260, 262, 298, 325, 335, 350, 381, 410

banquet 260–261, 266

cedar nut 61

fish

caviar 176

omul’ 61, 70

seafood 70

food deprivation 57

food exchange 75

kurut 131

potato pie 61

shashlyk 70

friendship 182, 315, 355, 359, 414, 430

gender 26, 28, 145, 158, 235, 246, 265, 299, 301, 303–304, 326, 332–333, 341–342, 348–351, 355, 357, 361, 408. See also equality: gender equality

gender divide 303–304

gender role 26, 332–333, 348–350, 357

patsan 358

Gerth, H. H. 6

Giddens, Anthony 4–5, 11–14, 16, 204, 268, 298, 428, 439

Modernity and Self-Identity 12

Grant, Bruce 277

Gurova, Ol’ga 9, 24, 26, 408–410

Halle 185, 436

Handelman, Don 315

happiness 44, 191–196, 200, 204–205, 208, 210, 213, 215–220, 223, 225–228, 230–231, 236, 242–249, 268, 279, 402, 420, 423, 428

health 15, 23, 25, 119, 123, 134–136, 142–143, 146–147, 153, 172, 182, 194, 204, 348, 414

alcoholism 192, 348–349

life expectancy 192, 333

sanatorium 137–138, 143, 147

spa 64, 135–136, 141–142, 159

herding 82, 153, 167, 334–335, 429–430

Hölscher, Barbara 24, 26

home. See also ethnic belonging dacha 38–40, 49, 59–60, 72, 93, 149, 233

homeland 108, 157, 169, 179–181, 188, 224, 297, 299–300, 306–307, 309, 311, 314

home photography 201, 208, 211, 213, 227, 246–247, 414, 427, 440

homesickness 309

khrushchevka 230

new home 184, 188, 299–300, 323, 412

original home 305, 309, 313, 326–327

House of Culture 230, 336

Hradil, Stefan 13, 16–17

Huizinga, Johan 365, 371–372, 381, 394

Homo Ludens 371, 394

Humphrey, Caroline 126

hunting 15, 55, 111, 114, 120, 167, 187, 194, 240, 429–430

seal-hunting 57

whaling 57

identity. See also self

ethnic identity 132, 145, 156, 160, 285, 301–303, 307, 319, 337, 339, 395, 435–436

identity politics 157, 258–259

national identity 159, 162

patriotism 19, 21, 78, 117–118, 160, 271, 401–405. See

also education: patriotic education

transnationalism 300, 311

religious identity 302

immobility 2, 41, 92, 149. See also mobility

individualism 6, 26, 82, 159, 216, 406, 408–409, 429. See also collectivism; See also self

individual identity 184

individualisation 7, 13–14, 16, 26, 408

industrialisation 18, 58, 122, 140–141, 277

infrastructure 3, 18, 20, 35, 38, 43, 48–54, 56–58, 63, 65, 74, 77, 88, 92–95, 112, 115, 119, 139, 151, 160–161, 167, 171, 191, 195, 207, 211, 313–314, 400, 404, 412–415, 418, 428, 437, 446

dendritic infrastructure 48, 50–51, 54, 95

infrastructural change 2, 36, 50, 58, 299

Irkutsk 47–48, 51–52, 60, 67–68, 72, 76–77, 82, 157, 168, 173–175, 179–180, 182, 188, 205, 295–297, 307–308, 310–313, 316–320, 441, 443

isolation 3, 7, 78. See also place: rural

Izquierdo, Carolina 248

Joan of Arc 373

Julius Caesar 373

Kamchatka 112, 118, 175, 177, 416

Kanter, Rosabeth Moss 5, 7–8, 10, 13

Kazan’ 86, 310, 367

Kemerovo 227, 310, 409

Kepes, György 198–199, 205

Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Region – Yugra 48, 73, 91, 205, 217, 332, 334, 443

Saranpaul’ 47–48, 51, 54–56, 331–332, 334–336, 345, 349, 353, 356–357, 415–416, 422–423, 441, 443

Yasunt 345–346

Khanty, the 48, 54, 73, 91, 197, 205, 217, 221, 332, 334–335, 337–338, 344, 347, 353, 355–356, 443

Khar’kov 140

Khrushchev, Nikita 207–208, 230, 408

Kiev 22–23, 89, 140, 173

King Arthur 373

Koenker, Diane 173

Kola Peninsula 3, 70, 75, 111. See also Murmansk Oblast, Terskii Coast

kolkhoz 105–106, 109–110, 112–113, 115, 118, 120–121, 125, 159, 206, 220, 222, 236

Komi, the 54, 66, 335, 337

Krasnoiarsk 38, 40–41, 47–49, 51–52, 64, 67–68, 70, 72–73, 76–78, 82, 84–86, 89–90, 178, 183–184, 188, 233, 366, 384, 418, 441, 443

Kuril Islands 79

Kyrgyz, the 304, 316–318, 320, 323–324

Laptev Sea 70

Laruelle, Marlène 404–405

Leningrad 9, 140, 282, 428

Lenin, Vladimir 142, 281

Lindquist, Galina 343, 361

live-action role-playing (LARP) 4, 365–369, 371–372, 377, 383–389, 392, 394, 404, 422. See also play

Black Prince, the 391

Burgundian Wars 376

Hobbit games 366

“Makarena” 87, 367, 373–376, 379, 383, 385, 391–392

Time of Singing Arrows 332, 337, 339–340, 342, 348, 355

War of the Roses 376

Zarnitsa 340–342, 344, 348, 405

livelihood 7, 17, 22, 44, 57, 111, 113, 133, 402, 410, 426

MacDougall, David 218, 244

Magadan 53, 63, 86, 207, 416, 418–419

Magnitogorsk 367

Mansi, the 48, 54, 73, 91, 205, 217, 331–338, 340–347, 349–352, 355–357, 360–361, 443. See also fashion: Mansi dress

Mansi beauty, the 340, 351

Manzhouli 175

Marker, Chris 192

Marxism 24, 142, 276

Marxism-Leninism 18, 277–279, 284–286

Mathews, Gordon 248

Mel’nikov, Andrei 374, 377, 381, 386, 388, 390–391

memory 181–182, 184, 214, 236, 324, 342, 344–346, 356–357, 360, 383, 401, 425

ancestral memory 342, 344–346, 356–357, 360

collective memory 383

cultural memory 425

genetic memory 344–345

Menovshchikov, Georgii A. 194

migration. See mobility: migration

Mills, C. Wright 6

Mirnyi 71, 272–273

Mit’ki movement 282–283, 289

mobility 2, 4, 35–36, 42–45, 48, 53, 55, 58, 61, 63, 65, 69, 72–73, 75, 77–78, 80, 92, 95, 107, 111, 114–116, 132, 140–141, 148–150, 153–154, 158–159, 162, 167–169, 171, 173, 184–185, 187, 297, 299, 305–307, 309–311, 335, 386–388, 390, 407, 411–412, 415, 417–419, 428, 438–439, 442, 445–446, 448.

See also place: sense of place; See also immobility; See also transport; See also travel

migration 52, 106–108, 168–169, 180, 188, 290, 296–297, 300, 304, 417, 419

patterns of mobility 43, 61, 132, 305, 307, 412, 415, 417–418, 428, 442, 446

repatriation 306–308, 312, 326

modernity 2, 7, 17, 19, 36, 93, 140, 155, 158, 206, 208, 277, 400, 425–429, 446, 448

detraditionalisation 7

modernisation 4, 16–19, 28, 58, 63, 70, 93, 133, 196, 206, 208, 284–285, 318, 425–429

Modernisation Theory 16, 19

money 6, 37, 39, 43–45, 55, 66, 69, 87, 94, 105, 112, 114–116, 119–121, 123, 133, 147, 158, 162, 176–177, 184, 220, 267, 302, 308, 313, 315, 332. See also wealth

Monroe, Marilyn 275 Niagara 274

morality 15, 27–28, 282, 285, 394, 403, 407, 429

moral strength 108, 124

moral values 108, 124–125, 235, 270, 279, 287, 322, 334, 348, 388, 405, 429–430

Morphy, Howard 262

Moscow 37, 46, 49, 64, 67–68, 71, 77–78, 85–86, 118, 185, 207, 246, 319, 367, 399, 405, 409–410, 416, 428

motherhood 229, 235, 246

movement. See mobility

Murmansk Oblast 48, 56, 111, 113, 123, 418, 443

Chavan’ga 43, 47–48, 50–51, 54, 56, 69, 75, 105–106, 108–116, 118–120, 122–126, 217, 415–416, 441, 443

museum 131, 133, 146–148, 152–153, 158–159

music 42, 78, 82, 84–85, 87, 159, 260, 268–269, 278–279, 283, 287–288, 298, 323, 336–338, 343, 394, 405, 421

song 41, 176, 181, 285–288, 315, 337, 347

national-cultural organisation (NCO) 4, 295, 297–307, 309–312, 314–322, 324–328

Nenets, the 63, 66, 82, 335, 337

nostalgia 180, 297, 299, 309, 311, 326, 401–402

Novgorod 367

Novosibirsk 23, 47–48, 51–52, 58–59, 67, 70, 76–78, 85–87, 89–90, 133, 138–139, 151, 161–162, 175–176, 179–180, 185–186, 205–206, 217, 236, 238, 240, 243, 366–367, 374, 376–377, 379, 387, 389–391, 408–409, 415, 441–443, 445

Ob-Ugric peoples 346, 349

opera 159, 285–286, 421

N’urgun Bootur 286

Paris 178, 183, 188, 239, 430

perestroika 297, 310

photography 2, 36, 80, 89, 91, 167, 170, 184, 188, 198, 201, 205, 208, 211–213, 216, 223, 227, 236–237, 242–243, 246–247, 414, 420, 427–428, 440, 446, 448. See

also home: home photography

Kodak 89, 201, 210–211

Polaroid 89, 201, 210

“selfie” 117, 198, 200, 238, 242, 247

Piatigorsk 136, 139, 145

Pika, Aleksandr 319, 430

Pisarevskaia, Dina 378

place

Near Abroad, the 149, 421

personal topography 169, 171, 179–182, 188–189

rural 10, 20, 23, 26, 36–37, 44–46, 54, 56–58, 61, 70, 72, 74, 87, 94, 105–108, 110–112, 115, 120, 125–126, 137, 145, 154, 158–162, 181, 192, 197, 205, 207, 212–213, 223, 230, 236, 247, 301, 305, 313, 316, 318, 322, 332, 349, 400–401, 405, 412–413, 415–418, 426, 437, 442–443

glubinka 92, 132

sense of place 223, 245, 419

urban 3, 15, 17, 20, 23–25, 28, 36, 39–40, 44–46, 49, 51, 53–54, 58–59, 72, 77–78, 84–85, 87–88, 92, 95, 106–108, 111–112, 114, 126, 139, 145, 149, 152, 161–162, 181, 192, 197, 205–206, 208–209, 212–213, 217, 223, 230–231, 247, 262–263, 265, 269, 283, 299, 301, 303–305, 316, 318, 321, 327, 332–333, 366, 376, 394, 401, 409, 411–412, 415, 417, 426, 435, 442

suburbia 44, 59, 64, 72

urbanisation 16, 74, 106, 125, 141, 155, 157, 206, 334

Plastun 67–68

play 2, 4, 27, 43, 45, 69, 80, 93, 140, 156, 184, 190, 234, 262, 322, 331– 333, 338–348, 350–357, 359–363, 365–366, 368, 370–371, 373, 376, 381–382, 384–385, 388, 393–397, 421–423, 446–448. See also live-action role-playing (LARP)

Popova, Svetlana 347

Popov, Vladimir 45, 55, 61, 66, 81–82, 92, 411–412

poverty 7, 146, 296, 333. See also class; See also wealth

Primor’e 67, 443

Pushkareva, Natal’ia 21–22

Pushkin, Akeksandr 209

Putin, Vladimir 160, 262, 402–403 Putinism 403

religion. See also identity: religious identity

Buddhism 406

Christianity

Jehovah’s Witness 406

Pentacostalism 406

Russian Orthodox Church 21, 131, 273, 367, 401, 403–404, 406–407, 425, 429

Islam 406

Judaism 406

reincarnation 344–345

religious cosmology 168, 179–180

shamanism 169, 181, 259–260, 266–267, 269–272, 274, 286, 288–290

spirits 180, 223–224, 259–260, 270, 289, 343, 345–347, 350, 360

Baiaanai 270–275, 289–290

Riga 140, 142, 148–149, 155

rite of passage 175, 177, 187, 378

Rose, Gillian 193, 196, 198–199

Rytlewski, Ralf 22

Sakha 37, 45, 50, 52–54, 65, 71, 74, 77, 118, 193, 205, 217, 257–262, 266–275, 286–290, 295, 314, 410, 427, 441

Olongkho 286

Sakha national costume 261, 268

Sakha national revival, the 258– 259, 288, 290

Sakhalin 63, 79

Salazar, Noel 171

Samara 367

Samarkand 142, 149, 155

Sayan Mountains 51, 75

school. See education

SDE. See Scholarly Digital Edition (SDE)

Sea of Japan 67, 73

self

“real self” 337, 339, 360

self-confidence 4, 355, 358

self-cultivation 142–143, 159, 338–339, 341, 345, 356, 416

self-formation 19, 28, 44, 194, 245, 418, 425

self-presentation 2

self-stylisation 14, 43–45, 54, 188, 205, 338, 353, 369, 422

self-subjectivation 361

sense of self 22, 188, 228, 361, 403

sensibility viii, 15, 19, 22, 27–28, 42, 46, 92–93, 132, 142, 154, 156, 263–267, 270, 275, 275–277, 276–277, 280, 282–285, 287–290, 298–299, 318, 325, 332–333, 338, 349–350, 361, 384, 390, 394, 401, 406, 410, 418, 421, 423, 425, 427, 429–430, 441–442

shamanism. See religion: shamanism

Shushenskoe 142

Siberian Federal District 86

Simmel, Georg 5–6, 15–16, 24

“On Fashion” 6

The Philosophy of Money 6

“The Problem of Style” 6

Sliudianka 61

Sobel, Michael 5, 8–10, 27, 263, 408

Sochi 138–139, 160, 228

social media 45, 87, 95

Facebook 90

Instagram 90

Moi Mir 90

Odnoklassniki 90

VKontakte 87, 90, 324, 362, 366, 374–375, 377, 391–392, 422

Sokhan’, Lidiia Vasil’evna 23

Sontag, Susan 204, 426

sports 79, 85, 110, 151, 260, 336

Ssorin-Chaikov, Nikolai 18, 206, 215, 276, 333, 349, 427

Social Life of the State in Sub-Arctic Siberia, The 427

Stakhanovite movement 278

Stalin, Iosif 63, 230, 278, 281

Stalinism 279

St Lawrence Island 47, 56–57

St Petersburg 78, 86, 118, 209, 246, 367, 386, 399, 408–410, 416. See also Leningrad

surface 15, 19, 205, 242, 264, 324, 327–328, 370, 421, 425, 430

Sutton-Smith, Brian 340, 360

Taiga 61

Tallinn 155

Tatars 296, 310–311, 316–319, 421 Tatar cultural revival 316

technology 35, 43, 54–55, 58, 81, 84, 89, 91–93, 191–192, 195–196, 208, 210–211, 244, 246–247, 265, 290, 335, 412–413, 418, 437

camera 56–57, 89–90, 94, 201, 210, 214, 218, 222, 238, 383, 427. See also photography

computer 44, 56, 64, 77, 85–86, 94, 116, 201, 240, 357, 366, 391

Apple Mac 265

internet 36–38, 44–46, 53, 55, 57, 64, 84–88, 93–95, 113, 319, 324, 368, 377, 399–400, 413–415, 419, 428, 438

radio 36, 41, 82–83

smartphone 45–46, 55, 57, 82, 90, 264

technological change 191–192, 412–413, 437

television 36, 38–39, 45, 82–84, 174, 207, 231, 287, 324

Terskii Coast 111, 113–116

theatre 24, 81, 154, 159, 279–280, 288, 336–338, 421

Tiumen’ 55, 312

Tolkien, J. R. R. 366 tolkienism 367

Tolstoi, Lev 143, 248

Tomsk 59, 86, 367, 387

tourism 3, 10, 43, 53–54, 57, 73, 75, 78, 107, 117–118, 132, 135, 137–139, 141, 143–145, 147–152, 155–158, 160–162, 167–169, 171–174, 181–182, 186, 225, 319, 378, 411, 414–415, 417, 438, 446

dikii tourism 139, 150, 172, 438

wild tourism 144–145, 172, 175

transport 3, 35–36, 42, 48, 51, 55, 57, 66, 67, 70, 75–76, 93–95, 113–115, 133, 154, 171, 311–312, 335, 413, 415, 418, 428, 440, 446. See also travel

airplane 41, 61–62, 65–67, 137, 140 KrasAir 67

boat 41–42, 55, 57, 69–70, 79, 114

Northern Sea Route 70

bus 51, 62, 76, 79, 220, 311, 313, 335, 382, 387, 414

car 36, 38–40, 45, 48, 56, 61, 67, 70–75, 79, 119, 150–152, 185, 209, 240, 313, 335, 366, 368, 377, 408, 414, 438

rail 36–37, 41–42, 45, 47–48, 51–53, 57, 59–64, 66, 69, 71, 76–77, 81, 88, 94–95, 141, 157, 160, 297, 382

Russian Railway Company 64

symbolic significance of rail 63

Trans-Siberian railway 48, 51, 53, 57, 59–60, 64, 69, 71, 77, 88, 94–95

sledge 42, 55, 63, 75

taxi 76–77

travel. See also mobility; See also rite of passage; See also tourism

leisure travel 144–145, 150, 162, 172

travel biographies 95, 132–133, 144, 146, 159, 162, 168, 175, 388, 445

Turner, Victor 322, 343, 372

Tyva 63, 74

Ulaanbaatar 233

Ulan-Ude 24, 47–48, 51, 53, 72, 86, 168, 175, 177, 179–181, 183, 295–297, 317, 319, 321, 323, 441, 443

unpredictability 44, 369, 378

Ural Mountains 4, 63, 334

Urry, John 42, 62, 140–141, 155, 169, 184, 372, 387, 439

Veblen, Thorstein 5, 7, 10

Theory of the Leisure Class 5

Vikhorevka 61

Vilnius 140, 148

Vladivostok 47–48, 51, 53, 65, 67, 70, 72–74, 76, 79, 86, 157, 183, 188, 366, 378, 380, 389, 441, 443

Vokrug Sveta 172

Volkov, Vadim 19, 142, 275, 277–278, 280, 425

Warhol, Andy 274

Marilyn Diptych 274

wealth 279, 402, 428. See also class; See also poverty

Weber, Max 5–7, 17, 24, 204, 439

White Sea 56, 69, 111–113

work. See livelihood

World War II 134, 272

Yakutia. See Sakha

Yakutsk 47–48, 53–54, 58, 63, 72, 80, 86, 90, 224, 260, 266–267, 271–272, 287, 441, 443

Yamal Peninsula 82

Yasnaia Poliana 143

Yessei 41

youth, the 4, 24, 78, 87, 89, 109, 112, 139, 143, 205–207, 237, 296, 331–334, 336–337, 340, 345, 355, 360–361, 404–405, 409, 416, 418, 442

youth camp 4, 331, 405, 442

Youth League, the 134, 143, 182, 281, 296

Yupik Eskimo 56, 191, 193–194, 206, 210

Yurchak, Alexei 3, 83, 133, 143–144, 276, 280–283, 287, 289, 426

Zablocki, Benjamin D. 5, 7–8, 10, 13

Zigon, Jarrett 407

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