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OpenEdition Books

Privilege and Property

 | 
Ronan Deazley
, 
Martin Kretschmer
, 
Lionel Bently

Index

Texte intégral

Aberdeen Almanac, 57, 62

Accursio, Marcangelo, 28

Adams, Annie, 339

Adams, Samuel, 103

Adgate, Andrew, 104

Agreeable Surprise, The (play, O’Keeffe), 323

Alberti, Leon Battista, 45

Alberts, R.C., 294

Alexander, Sir William, 58

Allen, Joel, 107

Allgemeine deutsche Bibliothek (German General Library, 1765-92), 224

Alpers, Svetlana, 265

Alviano, Bartolomeo d’, 27

amateur dramatics, 332, 335

America

colonial period. See also USA

copyright history, 89, 113

failed attempt at author’s privilege, 101

first author’s privilege, 103

printing privileges, 96

state privileges, 110

Amerval, Eloy d’, Diablerie, copy-privilege of 1507, 261

Anderson, Andrew, 56, 60

Anecdotes typogaphiques (Contat), 278

Anglo-American Copyright Law

The property function and, 350

annotations, Prussian Statute Book, 219

APR (Avec Privilège du Roy) inscription, 267

Arber, Edward, 14

Arbuthnet, Alexander, 59

Areopagitica, A speech of Mr. John Milton for the liberty of unlicensed printing to the Parliament of England (Milton), 20, 72

Ariosto, Ludovico, 29, 30

Armenonville, Fleuriau d’, 258, 280

Arnold, Samuel, 324

artistic works, 199

France, 241, 253. See also Fine Art

Copyright Act, London (1862) corporeal and incorporeal in an artistic work, 249

definition of an artistic work, 243

scope of protection, 251

threshold of protection, 245

artists, late eighteenth century life, 292

Athenæum, 307, 309, 313, 317, 318

Austrian Copyright Act (1846), ’works made for hire’ provision, 233

authenticity function, and Droit d’auteur-System, 353

’Author as Proprietor, The’ (Rose), 2

author-as-proprietor concept, 15

author-inventors

emergence of, 39

transition to professional writers, 46

authors

first author’s privilege in America, 103

first private copyright given in Scots law, 58

first use of word ’author’ in French legislation, 121

legal status under French Ancien Régime, 119. See also dramatists

Authors’, Composers’ and Artists’

Copyright Protection Office, 339

authorship paradigm, 142

authors’ rights

established in UK, 172

increase in person-oriented nature of authors’ rights, 181. See also droit d’auteur doctrine

Authors’, Composers’ and Artists’

Copyright Protection Office, 339

authorship paradigm, 141-42

Backhouse, T., 339

Baden Civil Code (1809), ’works made for hire’ provision, 233

Bailey v. Harrison (1849), 298

Ballarin, Giorgio, 40

Ballon, Hillary, 267

Barbet, Jean, 282

Barnes, James J., 14

Barovier, Angelo, 40

Bassandyne, Thomas, 59

battle of the booksellers, 7, 49, 350

Baudouin, François, 125

Bavaria copyright notice formalities, 162, 165, 166

legal deposit, 162, 166

Bayley, Daniel, 107

Beckford v. Hood (1798), 168

Belshazzar’s Feast (painting, Martin), 299

Bembo, Pietro, 30-31

benefit nights, 325

Bentinck, George, Cavendish, 315

Bently, Lionel, 197, 290

Berkeley, William, 94

Berlinische Monatsschrift (journal), 215, 223

Berne Convention, Berne (1886), 2, 13, 289 1908 Berlin Revision, 157

Bethell, Sir Richard, 300, 302, 304, 306, 312

Bible, the

the dispute over imports from London to Scotland, 60

the Scottish domestic printing, 59

Bibliothek der schönen Wissenschaften und der freyen Künste (’Library of Fine Arts’, 1757-60), 224

Biester, Johann Erich, 215, 222

Billings, William, privilege for printing psalter, 101

Birn, Raymond, 280

Birrell, Augustine, 352

Blackstone, William, 2

Bladen, William, 100

Blagden, Cyprian, 14

Blaine, Roberton, 5, 297, 298, 299, 316

Blanc, Etienne, 243, 246

Bluntschli, Johann Kaspar, 355

Deutsches Privatrecht, 11

Boisgermain, Luneau de, 132

books, treatment in fifteenth century Venice, 25

Boosey, Chappell v., (1882), 335

Boosey, Jeffreys v., (1854), 317, 319, 337

Boosey, John, 336, 338, 339, 340

Bornemann, F.W.L., 235

Botero, Giovanni, 32

Boucicault, Dion, 329

Boucicault v. Chatterton (1876), 337

Boucicault v. Delafield (1863), 337

bourgeois public sphere, 67, 68

hollowing out of, 70, 84

relation to copyright, 68

Boydell, John, 293

Boyer, Jean-Baptiste de, Marquis d’Argens, 211

Bradford, William, 95

Briefe, die neueste Literatur betreffend (’Letters Concerning the Latest Literature’, 1759-65), 224

Brunelleschi, Filippo, 40

Buckner, John, 94

Bulwer Lytton, Edward, 321, 326, 328

Burckhardt, Jacob, 43

Burnand, Francis, 329

Byron, Lord, 327

Don Juan, 382, 387

Marino Faliero (poem), 325

Campbell, Agnes, 54, 60, 62

Carlyle, Thomas, 393

Carmer, Johann Heinrich, 215, 217

Carpi, Ugo da, 26

censorship

British colonial policy, 93

Bulwer Lytton attempt to change, 327

Diderot on, 8

Foucault on, 15

France

legal deposit copies, 195

printing privileges, 119

of theatres, 322

pre-publication, Milton’s Areopagitica, 68, 73, 75, 84

Prussia

liberality of, 208

reaction to the printing press, 91

Chappell, Thomas, 336, 338, 339, 340

Chappell v. Boosey (1882), 335

Chepman, Walter, 55, 61

Christ Healing the Sick (painting, West), 294

Clark v. Bishop (1872), 336

Closs, Thomas, 302

Code de la librairie (France, 1723), 258

coffee houses, London, 71, 81

Colbert, Jean-Baptiste, 279

Coleman v. Wathen (1793), 324

commercial value, influencing whether

to register copyright, 164

commonwealth, as metaphor for

intellectual property, 374

Condorcet, Nicolas de, 131

Conrad, Hermann, 213

’Constitutionalizing Patents From Venice to Philadelphia’ (Nard), 37

constitutive formalities, nature and legal effects, 164

Contat, Nicolas, Anecdotes typogaphiques (1762), 278

Copley, John Singleton, 292

Death of Nelson, 294

copyright

crisis of current system, 349, 357

historiography, 6

history, 362. See also honorary copyright; perpetual copyright

Copyright Act for the German Empire (1870), 215

Copyright Act, Germany (1870), 192

Copyright Act, London (1814), 168, 367

Copyright Act, London (1842), 11, 179, 290, 333, 335, 367, 373

Copyright Act, Netherlands (1912), 191

Copyright Act revision (USA 1976), 86

Copyright Act (USA 1976), ’works made for hire’ provision, 233

copyright formalities

first half of nineteenth century, 161

functions, 188

external, 194

internal, 188

moved from concrete to abstract, 196

nature and legal effects, 164

overview, 157, 204

reasons for change of perspective, 181

reasons for the different attitude

towards, 169

retention by UK and Netherlands, 201

second half of nineteenth century, 176

copyright history

as the history of laws, 5

definitions, 1

rise of interest in, 1

Copyright Term Extension Act (USA 1998), 85

copyright trolls, 339. See also Wall, Harry (né Henry Whiting)

Corbin, Jean, 124

Couhin, Claude, 243, 250

counterfeiting

Aberdeen Almanac, 62

counterfeiting books, fifteenth century

Venice, 27

counterfeiting paintings, 253

Cours de peinture par principes (de Piles), 277

courtesy of the trade, 365

Covent Garden theatre, 322

CPR (’Cum Privilegio Regis’) inscription, 267, 274

Craig, Robert, 57

Crébillon, Prosper Jolyot de, 132

Cumberland, John, 332

Cumberland v. Planché (1834), 339

customs of the trade, 361, 364

Dalrymple, Sir James, 64

Dance, Charles, 328

Darjes, Joachim Georg, 213

Darnton, Robert, 279

Davidson, Thomas, 55

da Vinci, Leonardo, mirror writing, 42

Davis, James, 99

death-masks, 246

Death of General Wolfe (painting, West), 293

Death of Nelson (painting, Copley), 294

Deazley, Ronan, 6, 7, 82, 84, 361, 364

De Berenger v. Wheble (1819), 296

declaratory formalities, nature and legal effects, 165

de Dainville, François, 262

Defoe, Daniel, 82, 363, 389

Demortans, Gilles, copy-privilege, 268

de Piles, Roger, Cours de peinture par principes (1708), 277

Der Büchernachdruck nach ächten Grundsätzen des Rechts (Pütter), 9

Deutsches Privatrecht (Bluntschli), 11

Diderot, Denis, 2, 130

Lettre historique et politique sur le commerce de la librairie (1763), 8

Lettre sur le commerce des livres (1763), 115

digital archive project. See Primary Sources on Copyright (1450-1900) digital archive

digitization, prompting study of history of copyright, 15

Domat, Jean, 129

Donaldson v. Becket (1774), 2, 85, 137, 323, 353, 359, 365, 367

Dongan, Thomas, 94

Don Juan (Byron), 382, 387

Doppelschöpfung, 200

dragon’s teeth, 75

Dramatic Authors’ Society, 328

Dramatic Literary Property Act, London (1833), 326

operation of, plays, 328

’dramatic piece’, 331, 336

dramatists

dramatists methods of remuneration, 325

dramatists need for protection, 321

droit d’auteur doctrine, 115, 160, 174

droit d’auteur-System, and authenticity

function, 353

Drury Lane theatre, 322

Duck v. Bates (1884), 331

Dunster, Henry, 92

du Pas, Pierre Jacob Gueroult, copy-privilege, 268

duration of copy-privileges, 274

duration of copyright in art works, Fine

Art Copyright Act, London (1862), 308

duration of copyright in literary works

British Colonies in North America, 97, 99, 102, 105

Dutch copyright, 58, 193

England, 85, 137, 193

France, 58, 137, 192, 242

Germany, 58, 192

Italian publishers, 58

Maugham’s view of ’monstrous injustice’ of limiting duration, 10

principle established by Venetian

Senate, 29

printing patents, 56, 57

Prussian Statute Book

copyright term for publishers, not authors, 236

discussions during drafting, 221

Scottish book licences, 53, 55, 56, 57

Stationers’ Company copyrights, 58

USA, 85, 137

Venice. See also perpetual copyright

Venice 1603 Parte, 147

Venice 1767 Parte, 149

Dürer, Albrecht, 43

Eastlake, Sir Charles, 299

Edelman, Bernard, 13

Edit de Châteaubriant (1551), 121

Eike von Repgow, 356

Eldon, Lord, 324

Eldred v. Ashcroft (2003), 85

encouragement of learning, 83

English Stock of the Stationers’

Company, 366

Engravers’ Copyright Act, London (1735), 5, 163, 179, 296

Engravers’ Copyright Act, London (1766), 296

’engraving rights’ 294

legal basis for, 295

Erasmus, Desiderius, 30

Erskine, Thomas, 323

export rights, not included in book patents, 59

Fagniani, Jacques-Philippe, 274

Félibien, Michel, Histoire de la ville de Paris (1725), 258, 277

Fichte, Johann Gottlieb, 183, 208

Ficino, Marsilio, 30

Filmer, Sir Robert, 382

Fine Art Copyright Act, London (1862), 5, 179, 291, 317, 371

events prompting, 299

ownership, originality, and the interests of the art market, 311

photography, 304

publication and registration, 307

work of foreign artists, 316

Fine Art Copyright Bill, London (1861), 301

Finlason, Walter, 61

Fitzball, Edward, 328, 333

Fletcher, Benjamin, 95

Folsom v. Marsh (1841), 86

Forbes, John, the younger, 62

forgery

forgery and paintings, 302. See also piracy; plagiarism

Foucault, Michel, 15, 121, 363

’Qu’est-ce qu’un auteur?’ (1969); 2

France

Ancien Régime

compatibility of property and privilege, 131

incompatibility of property and publication, 124

indifference of legal system towards the author, 119

integration of the author within the system of royal privileges, 127

Paris Booksellers memorandum, 279

’possessive’ depiction of urban and landed property, 258

relation of author to the work, 119

artistic property, 241, 253

corporeal and incorporeal in an

artistic work, 249

definition of an artistic work, 243

scope of protection, 251

threshold of protection, 245

authors’ rights as property rights, 182

duration of copyright, 58, 137, 192, 242

establishment of limited duration of

privilege, 137, 242

legal deposit, 161, 167, 177, 180, 186, 189, 195

public interest restriction of rights, 187. See also droit d’auteur doctrine the history of literary property, 116

Francesco di Giorgio, 45

Frederick II of Prussia, 208, 217

Frederick William II of Prussia, 216

freedom of speech, conflict with copyright, 85

free performances of plays, 332, 335

Frith, Francis, 305

Furetière, Antoine, 123

Gabrielli, Maggino, 48

gardens, as metaphors for intellectual property, 385

Gareis, Karl, 355

Gastambide, Adrien-Joseph, 174

Gaultier, Jean-François, 131

Gedicke, Friedrich, 215

’Genius and the Copyright, The’ (Woodmansee), 2

Genoa, bounties on fugitive artisans, 34

Germany

copyright formalities, 161, 165, 178

copyright protecting the printed work, 172

duration of copyright in literary works, 58, 192

legal deposit, 162, 189

move to author’s rights, 183

public interest restriction of rights, 187

Gesellschaft von Freunden der

Aufklärung (Society of Friends of the Enlightenment), 216

Ghiberti, Lorenzo, 40

Gibson, John, 58

Giddy, Davies, 326

Gilbert, W.S., 329

Ginsburg, Jane C., 116

’A Tale of Two Copyrights’, 174, 354

glassmaking

stolen recipes, 40. See also Guild of Vetrai (Venice)

Glen, James, 58

Glover, Jose, 91

Gorst, Sir John Eldon, 342

Goßler, Christoph, 214, 216, 223, 235

grammars, 27, 56, 58, 61

gratiae, 22

Great Cat Massacre, 278

Green, Samuel, 96

Gringore, Pierre, 121

Gros, Antoine-Jean, 250

Guild of Printers and Booksellers (Venice), 26, 30

Guild of Vetrai (Venice), 34

Habermas, Jürgen, 67

The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere, 70. See also bourgeois public sphere

Harley, Robert, 82

Hart, Andrew, 53

Harvard College, involvement with early printing press, 92

Harvey, William, 76

Hawes, Joel, 383

Haymarket theatre, 322

Hechtel, Daniel Christoph, 210

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 208

Heirs of Archibald Hislop, bookseller v. Robert Currie and Agnes Campbell (1678-

87), 63

Hémery, Joseph d’, 132

Hemmerde, Carl Hermann, 222

Henry VIII, 55

Héricourt, Louis d’, 258, 280

Hesse, Carla, 133

Hills, Henry, 377

Histoire de la ville de Paris (Félibien), 258, 277

Holy Roman Empire, 207

honorary copyright, 361, 365

Hood, Thomas, 379

Hope, Sir Thomas, 57

Hotman, François, 124

House, English Opera, 324

House of Lords, 1774 copyright decision, importance, 52, See also Donaldson v. Becket (1774)

human body, as metaphor for intellectual property, 378

humanism, 44

Humble Remonstrance of the Company of Stationers (Parker), 78

Hutchinson, Thomas, 103

imports, Scots copyrights and, 59

Indian Act (1847), 195

intellectual property

history and the law, 371

origination of concept by guilds, 34

International Conference on Artistic

Property, Paris (1878), 186

International Conference on Literary and

Artistic Property, Brussels (1858), 186

International Copyright Act, London (1838), 289

International Copyright Act, London (1844), 289

inventio, 31

italic, 26, 27

James VI and I, 55, 56, 58

Jeffreys v. Boosey (1854), 317, 319, 337

Jerrold, Douglas, 325, 327, 328

Johannes of Speyer, 24

Johns, Adrian, 79

Johnson, Samuel, Dictionary of the English Language, 362

Johnston, Gabriel, 99

Journal of Captain Cook’s Last Voyage (Ledyard), 111

Kant, Immanuel, personal nature of author’s rights, 12, 184, 208, 223

Kawohl, Friedemann, 198

Kelly, Maria, 324

King’s Theatre, 322

Kircheisen, Karl David, 211

Kirkwood, James, 61

Klein, Ernst Ferdinand, 213, 215, 217. See also Prussian Statute Book (ALR)

Klopstock, Friedrich Gottlieb, 222

Klopstock v. Hemmerde, 222

Kohler, Josef, 355

Koskenniemi, Martti, 2

Kretschmer, Martin, 198

Laboulaye, Édouard René de, 13, 115

labour involved, focus on eighteenth century copyright, 86

William Billings’ privilege, 103

Lacy v. Rhys (1864), 334

La Fontaine, Jean de, 256

Lamb, George, 321, 325

Landseer, Edwin, 294, 304

Langford, Paul, 78

La totale et vraye description des Gaules es Ytalies (Signot), 260

La Vigne, André de, 121

Law, Andrew, 103

Law, William, 104

Lebensztejn, Jean-Claude, 272

Le Clerc, Sébastien, 265

Ledyard, John, 111

Lee v. Simpson (1847), 331, 332

legal deposit, 162, 166, 196

France, 161, 167, 177, 180, 186, 189, 195

Netherlands, 161, 165, 178

UK, 163, 179

Lemaire de Belges, Jean, 121

Lemaistre, Antoine, 122

Le Pelletier (an author), 123

Lettre historique et politique sur le commerce de la librairie (Diderot), 8

Lettre sur le commerce des livres (Diderot), 115

Lévy-Lelouch, Claire, 285

Lewis, John Frederick, 299

liberté publique de l’imprimerie, 118

library deposit provisions, Maugham’s view as ’iniquitous’, 10

Licensing Act, London (1662), 352

Life and Opinions of Sebaldus Nothanker (Nicolai), 224, 230

limited duration

justifications for

contract between author and society, 143

literary work as part of human civilization, 142

Lindsay, David, 54

Linguet, Simon-Nicholas Henri, 130, 132

literary property, 12

Littleton, Henry, 336, 338

Locke, John, 129, 182

Löhnig, Martin, 218

Long, Pamela, 34

Lord Chamberlain, 322, 326

Lowndes, John, 11

Lucca, bounties on emigrant workers, 34

Lukács, Georg, 278, 283

Luther, Martin, Warning to the Printers (1541), 356

Macaulay, Thomas Babington, 85

Mackenzie, Sir George, 61

Macklin, Charles, 323

Macpherson, Crawford Brough, 264

Mainardi, Pietro de, 47

Malesherbes, Chrétien Guillaume de Lamoignon de, 132

Manfré, Marcantonio, 151

Mansfield, William Murray, Lord, 5, 7

Manutius, Aldus, 26, 27, 31

Map of Paris (Quesnel), 261, 266

1608 copy-privilege for, 259, 261, 268, 272

maps

and property, 263

and urban development projects, 265

favoured source of evidence in landed property cases, 262

Mariette, Pierre, copy-privilege for Triumphant Entry of their Majesties Louis XIV and Maria Theresa of Austria... into Paris, 268

Marino Faliero (Byron), 324

Marion, Simon, 124, 125

Marsh v. Conquest (1864), 332, 334

Martin, John, 294

Belshazzar’s Feast, 299

Marx, Karl, 278

Maryland, license to print legislation, 100

Massachusetts, patronage and regulation of early printing press, 93

matricolati, 150

Maugham, Robert, 10, 324

May, Christopher, 284

McKeon, Michael, 70

medieval guilds corporate ownership of trade secrets, 31. See also Guild of Printers and Booksellers (Venice); Guild of Vetrai (Venice)

Mendelssohn, Moses, 228

Merlin, Philippe-Antoine, 243

metaphors for intellectual property, 369, 374, 393

commonwealth, 374

disguise, 384

gardens, 385

human body, 378

landed property, 391

moveable property, 393

piracy, 387

property, 387

methodology in this volume, 17

Millar v. Taylor (1769), 7, 323, 365

Milton, John

Areopagitica, A speech of Mr. John Milton for the liberty of unlicensed printing to the Parliament of England (1644), 20, 68, 72

Paradise Lost (poem), 362

miniatures (statues), 247, 249

Miromesnil (Keeper of the Seal), 134

Mittwochsgesellschaft. See Society of Friends of the Enlightenment (Gesellschaft von Freunden der Aufklärung, ’Wednesday Society’, ’Mittwochsgesellschaft’)

Models and Busts Act, London (1798), 163, 169

Molière, 122

More, Sir Thomas, 382

Morris, David, 324

Morton v. Shelders the Elder (1838), 335

Mosman, George, 59

Moxon, Joseph, Moxon’s Mechanick Exercises, 79

Murray, John, 325

Murray v. Elliston (1822), 325, 327

musical works, Prussia, no registration requirement, 162

music printing, 26. See also Billings, William, privilege for printing psalter; Law, Andrew Myllar, Andro, 55

Nard, Craig Allen, ’Constitutionalizing

Patents: From Venice to Philadelphia’, 37

Netherlands

copyright formalities, 161, 162, 165, 191

retention, 201

copyright protecting the printed

work, 172

legal deposit, 161, 165, 178

Neustetel, Leopold Josef, 355

News Corporation, 88

newspapers, London, 82

Newton v. Cowie (1827), 169, 190

New York

license to print legislation, 100

restrictions on printing, 94

Nicolai, Friedrich, 208, 218

input to Prussian Statute Book, 228

Life and Opinions of Sebaldus Nothanker, 224, 230

views on authors and translators, 223. See also Prussian Statute Book (ALR)

Niddrie, William, 58

Norman, John, 107

North Carolina, commissioners for printing legislation, 99

notice formalities, 162

novelty of work, Venetian privilege system, 146, 149

Nowell-Smith, Simon, 14

Nuthead, William, 94

O’Brien, D.P., 310

Ogston, Alexander, 60

O’Keeffe, John

The Agreeable Surprise (play), 323

John Young Quaker (play), 324

Opera del Duomo, 40

Oppenord, Gilles-Marie, 276

Overstone, Lord, 310, 315, 320

paintings, counterfeiting, 253

Palmer, Roundell, 304, 310, 311

Palmerston, Lord, 300

Panckcoucke, 136

Paradise Lost (Milton), 362

Paris Guild, 8

Parker, Henry, The Humble Remonstrance of the Company of Stationers (1643), 78

Parks, William, 94

patents, earliest, 24

Patoureau, Mireille, 282

Patten, Nathaniel, 111

Pauli, Johann, 212

Peake, Richard Brinsley, 328

perpetual copyright

book trade arguments before

Donaldson v. Becket, 361

France, Royal Decrees of 30 August 1777, 241

Prussian Statute Book, for publishers, not authors, 237

Venetian, Serenissima Republic experiment, 139, 150

Petrucci, Ottaviano, 26

Pezzana e Consorti petition, 153

Pezzana, Francesco, 153

Pfister, Laurent, 13, 217

photography

Fine Art Copyright Act, London (1862), 304

French courts’ recognition of authorial contribution, 13, 245, 248

piracy

and Prussian reprinting, 209

claims by William Law, 107

use of metaphor, 387. See also copyright trolls; forgery

’place of dramatic entertainment’; place of dramatic entertainment’, 332

plagiarism

and integrity, 355

eighteenth century unconcern, 113

metaphors for, 384. See also forgery

Planché, Cumberland v., (1834), 339

Planché, James Robinson, 321, 325, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332

White Cat (play), 330

policing of copyright, Scotland, 60

Pollock, Frederick, 333

Pope, Alexander, 364

pornographic texts, 387

Pottage, Alain, 264, 265

Pouillet, Eugène, 243, 249, 254

Prager, Frank, 42

Press and Registration of Books Act (1867), 195

price controls, 375

Primary Sources on Copyright (1450-1900)

digital archive

as example of open content project, 348

copyright history as the history of laws, 5

document selection criteria, 4

funding application, 3

importance of, 116

Scottish material, 64

Primrose, James, 56

principle of neutrality, 143

printing burghs, 57

printing patents, 54, 56, 57

printing press

as industrial device, 25

first in North American British colonies, 91

printing privileges

earliest, 24, 26

grants to authors, 29

move from appearance to content, 29

print privileges, 267. See also Map of Paris (Quesnel)

privileges, 12

as exceptions to the law, 22, 140

fifteenth century Venice. See also printing privileges

exceptions’ to the public domain, 149

fifteenth century, 24

legal nature of, 139

origins, 144

standardisation of duration, 147

Statute of 1474, 35

property

and maps, 263

as a boundary object, 257

as metaphor for intellectual property, 387

bourgeois definition of, 264

propriety, 79

Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph, 143

Prussia

censorship

liberality of, 208

political leadership of Holy Roman Empire, 207

proposed abolition of book privileges, 213

registration of works, 162

reprinting ban (1766), 208

Prussian Copyright Act, Berlin (1837), 215

no ’works made for hire’ provision, 233

Prussian Statute Book (ALR), 212, 239

coming into force, 215

commented synopsis of Svarez’s Draft

and the enacted provisions, 228

author’s obligation to buy remaining copies, 234

copyright comprises the exclusive right to sell copies, 229

copyright term for publishers, not authors, 236

first owner, 229

perpetual copyright for publishers, not authors, 237

transfer of copyright for only one edition, 232

transfer of copyright limited to a certain number of copies, 234

works undertaken solely for payment, 233

written and oral contracts, 230

human rights in, 212

Klein’s draft and Svarez’s amendments, 218

Prussian Statute Book reprinting, overview, 207

public domain, 19

creation by Statute of Anne, 84

eighteenth century challenge to, 85

principle established by Venetian Senate, 28

Venetian ’exceptions’, 149. See also France, artistic property, threshold of protection; liberté publique de l’imprimerie; Venice, Serenissima

Republic, perpetual privilege experiment

public opinion, 69

public patronage

British Colonies in North America, 95

Massachusetts, 92

public sphere. See bourgeois public sphere

publishing rights, 12

Purday, Charles, 340

Pütter, Johann Stephan, 2, 217, 237

Der Büchernachdruck nach ächten Grundsätzen des Rechts (1774), 9

’Qu’est-ce qu’un auteur?’ (Foucault), 2

Quesnel, François

Map of Paris, 259, 261, 266, 268, 272

Raban, Edward, 62

Raimondi, Marc’Antonio, 43

Ransom, Harry, 14

Rastell, John, 56

reasonableness test in Scots law, 53

refeudalisation, 70, 87

registration of works, 162, 163

Regium Majestatum, 52

Reich, Philipp Erasmus, 211

reification, 257, 278

Reinagle, Philip, 295

Remondini of Bassano, 151

Renaissance period, 23

Renouard, Augustin-Charles, 12, 175, 243

representative publicness, 69, 80, 87

reproduction rights, in short articles, 180

Re the Songs ’Kathleen Mavourneen’ and ’Dermot Astore’ ex parte Hutchins & Romer (1878), 338

Reynolds, Sir Joshua, 293

Richelet, Pierre, 264

Riformatori dello Studio di Padova, 144, 149

Rigaud, Jacques, 272, 283

right of patronage, 126

rights of assignees, Scots law, 58

rivalrous, and non-rivalrous goods, 394

Robert Sanders, the younger, v. Bessie Corbett, his mother (1694-1705), 63

Robertson, T.W., 329

Robin, Gabrielle, 244

Robin v. Romagnesi, Court of Cassation (17 November 1814), 244

Romagnesi, Louis Alexander, 244

romantic author hypothesis, 19

Ronsard, Pierre, 122

Rose, Carol, 261, 262, 263

Rose, Mark, 351, 370, 379

’The Author as Proprietor’ (1988), 2

Russell v. Briant (1847), 332

Russell v. Smith (1848), 331, 336

R v. Closs (1857), 302

Sabellico, Marc’Antonio, 29

Sachsenspiegel, 356

Sanders, Robert, the elder, 62

Sanson, Nicolas, 282

Sanudo, Marino, 26

Saugrain, Claude Marin, 256

Saunders, David, 117

Sauval, Henri, 263

Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, registration of works, 162

Saxony, registration of works, 162

Sayre v. Moore (1785), 5, 295

Scarlett, Sir James, 327, 333

Scherer, Sebastian Anton, 220

Scotland

copyright history, 52

data sources, 64

legal traditions, 52

Scottish Parliament, licenses granted by, 57

Scott, Sir Walter, 363

Scrutton, T.E., 335

Sculpture Copyright Act, London (1814), 163, 169, 179

sculptures, definition as artistic work, 245

Selwyn, Pamela E., 210

Shakespeare, William, 384

sheet music, 340

Sheridan Knowles, James, 328, 329

Sherman, B., 290

Sieyès, Emmanuel Joseph, 136

Signot, Jacques, La totale et vraye description des Gaules es Ytalies (1515), 260

Silvestre, Israël, 283

Simpson, John Palgrave, 330, 335

Smith, Adam, Wealth of Nations, 367

Smyth, Robert, 60

Smyth, Sir Thomas, 21

Société des Auteurs Dramatiques, 345

Society of Arts (Society for the

Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce), 299, 302

Society of Friends of the Enlightenment (Gesellschaft von Freunden der

Aufklärung, ’Wednesday Society’, ’Mittwochsgesellschaft’), 216

Soleau, Eugéne, 253

Sonenscher, Michael, 279

songs, 331, 335, 336. See also Wall, Harry (né Henry Whiting)

Sosthène de La Rochefoucauld, Viscount, 242

specifying formalities, 180

Stage Licensing Act, London (1737), 322

Stanhope, Arthur, 6th Earl Stanhope, 306, 318

Star Chamber, abolition of, 71, 72

decree system, 352

Stationers’ Company, 14, 77, 83

and representative publicness, 68

copyright formalities, 171

metaphors used for intellectual property, 386

petition to Parliament against Milton, 72

public/private nature of, 88

Stationers’ Company v. Carnan (1775), 367

Stationers’ copyright, 54

Statute of 1474 (Venice), 35

Statute of Anne (1710), 7, 65, 84, 364

and rights of the author, 352

copyright formalities, 163, 167, 168

giving bourgeois public sphere concrete legal reality, 68, 81

not applied to the colonies, 97

Statute of Monopolies (England, 1624), 55

Stephen, Sir James Fitzjames, 334

Stirling Coyne, Joseph, 328, 330

The Woman in Red (play), 334

Stowe, Harriet Beecher, German

translation of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, 86

Structural Transformation of the Public

Sphere (Habermas), 70

Sullivan, Sir Arthur, 336, 338, 340

Svarez, Carl Gottlieb, 213, 215, 217, 221, 223, 235. See also Prussian Statute Book (ALR)

Swintoun, George, 58

Taccola, Mariano, 42

’Tale of Two Copyrights, A’ (Ginsburg), 174, 354

Talfourd, Thomas Noon, 11, 85

Tardieu, Nicolas, 276

Tasso, Torquato, 30

Tavernier, Melchior, 282

Terracina, Democrito, 47

terraferma, 150

Thomas, Isaiah, 107

Tomai, Pietro, 29

Tonson v. Collins (1762), 7

Toro, Jean-Bernard, 274

Torresani, Andrea, 28

translation rights, 163, 180

translations, Prussian Statute Book, 219

Trollope, Anthony, 339

trompe l’oeil, 285, 288

Turner, J.M.W., 294

Tyndale, William, 381

UK

author’s right established, 172

copyright formalities, 161, 167, 171, 179, 189, 191

as instrument of imperial surveillance of colonial literature, 195

retention, 201

UK IPR enforcement, 395. See also Anglo-American Copyright Law

unpublished works, 334

USA

copyright formalities, 160

duration of copyright in literary works, 85, 137

first copyright Act, 110. See also America; Anglo-American Copyright Law

’use it or lose it’ provision, Venetian privilege system 146, 147

Usher, John, 96

Vallange, John, 61

Vaunois, Albert, 251

Venice

1603 Parte, 147

1767 Parte, 149

legal nature of book privilege, 139

Serenissima Republic, perpetual

privilege experiment, 139, 150

system of privileges. See also Guild of Printers and Booksellers (Venice);

Guild of Vetrai (Venice)

’exceptions’ to the public domain; 149

origins, 144

standardisation of duration, 147

Statute of 1474, 35

Viacom, 88

Viala, Alain, 282

Virginia, ban on printing, 94

Voß, Christian Friedrich, 211, 212

Wall, Harry (né Henry Whiting), 339, 341

Wall v. Martin (1883), 331

Wall v. Taylor (1883), 331

Walpole, Spencer, 300

Walt Disney Company, 88

Walter, Mr., M.P. for Berkshire, 312

Warning Against Lyonnais Counterfeiters (Manutius), 27

Warning to the Printers (Luther), 356

War of the Austrian Succession, 207

Watson, James, the elder, 59

Watson, James, the younger, 60

Watson, the younger v. Freebairn, Baskett and Campbell (1713-18), 64

Wealth of Nations (Smith), 367

Webster, Noah, 110

Wedderburne, David, 56

Wednesday Society. See Society of Friends of the Enlightenment (Gesellschaft von Freunden der Aufklärung, ’Wednesday Society’, ’Mittwochsgesellschaft’)

Wendorf, R., 293

West, Benjamin

Christ Healing the Sick, 294

Death of General Wolfe, 293

Whale on Copyright (Phillips, Durie and Karet), 354

White Cat (play. Planché), 330

Wikipedia, 355

Wits Commonwealth, 374

Woman in Red (play, Stirling Coyle), 334

Woodmansee, Martha, ’The Genius and the Copyright’ (1984), 2

Woollett, William, 293

’works made for hire’ provision, Copyright Act (USA 1976), 233

Young, Edward, 130

Young Quaker (play, O’Keeffe), 324

Zaret, David, 87

Acheter