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The Iranian Plateau during the Bronze Age

 | 
Jan-Waalke Meyer
, 
Emmanuelle Vila
, 
Marjan Mashkour
, 
et al.

Production and trade

Prestige objects in South East of Iran during the Bronze Age in the National Museum of Iran

Sedigheh Piran

Résumé

Un grand nombre d’objets en pierre tendre et en albâtre des tombes archéologiques de la région d’Halil Rud de collections non autorisées ou découverts accidentellement les quinze dernières années ont été présentés dans de nombreuses manifestations scientifiques et articles. La détermination de l’authenticité de ces objets est difficile parce il n’y a pas de documentation sur leur provenance. Les recherches scientifiques de cette dernière décennie dans cette région ainsi que l’identification de vestiges de même type ont stimulé de nouvelles études sur ces objets. La multiplicité et la diversité des modèles et des utilisations de ces objets représentent la diversité des ateliers et des méthodes de fabrication. Mis à part les croyances culturelles et religieuses derrière les motifs décoratifs, une meilleure compréhension de la diversité des techniques de fabrication et des traditions artisanales nous permet de restituer les caractéristiques des classes sociales qui ont utilisé ces objets dans leurs rituels funéraires.
Le musée national d’Iran rassemble un certain nombre de ces objets confisqués. Afin de présenter ces œuvres au public, le musée national d’Iran a publié deux catalogues, et un troisième est en préparation (Piran sous presse ; Piran 2013 ; Piran et Hesari 2005). Trois groupes d’objets confisqués et transférés au musée sont présentés, comparés et analysés dans cet article. Certaines formes et certains décors de ces contenants sont connus tandis que d’autres sont inédits. Cependant, malgré l’occurrence répétée de quelques types, un grand nombre des répertoires décoratifs et des types de contenants les plus prisés ou les plus recherchés, la plupart étant présentés pour la première fois, peut‑être déduits.

Texte intégral

Introduction

  • 1 I would like to acknowledge a great deal of appreciation on my own behalf to Dr Mahnaz Gorji, dire (...)

1The catalog of Jiroft objects compiled by Yousef Madjidzadeh has been an important reference for the contained confiscation and the evaluation of Jiroft style soft‑stone objects in Iran because it presented comparenda through which newly appearing objects could be evaluated for authenticity. In the past few years, a number of vessels and other objects have been brought to the National Museum of Iran. Some of these vessels are similar to those presented in Madjidzadeh’s catalogue and subsequent catalogue of the National Museum of Iran in terms of manufacturing technique, decorative motifs and shapes. However, some other vessels show differences in terms of material, manufacturing techniques and artistic decoration. These require close security to establish their authenticity. Since scientific exploration in the Halil Rud region has been limited, the unique nature of the restituted objects must be considered until more extensive excavations are conducted in the region. For this reason, several such unique objects are not considered in this study. The three sets of soft stone objects in the National Museum of Iran are referred to as “the Collection” in this article1.

  • 2 Madjidzadeh 2003.
  • 3 Steinkeller 2013, p. 10.
  • 4 Moorey 1994.
  • 5 Kohl 2004, p. 287.

2This paper discusses soft stone (chlorite or steatite) and a few alabaster works. A fairly comprehensive classification in terms of subject and shape of objects of this stone type including the existing vessels from Jiroft has been done by Madjidzadeh2. “Dohašia” stone originating from Marhaši, which is now called chlorite3, has been cited as steatite, serpentine or soft‑stone in some studies4. Philip Kohl in his comprehensive study of this type based on the excavations from Tepe Yahya collectively referred to this type as the intercultural style. He considered these to have been manufactured in southeastern Iran for a Mesopotamian market in prestige objects5.

 

  • 6 Kohl 2004.
  • 7 Madjidzadeh 2004, p. 6.

3The soft‑stone vessels found in the Iranian Plateau, Persian Gulf zone (South Arabia, Tarut) and Mesopotamian sites as well as Soch in Central Asia and Mohenjo-daro in the Indus Valley are well known (fig. 1). By citing the documents and according to many researchers, there were many workshops in Kerman Province in ancient times6. Considering the numerous Cultural-Historical sites detected from archeological survey in Halil Rud region7 study of the similar motifs carried on numerous soft stone objects retrieved from both scientific and non-scientific excavations indicates that a number of different production techniques, artistic styles and probably different production periods are represented.

  • 8 Madjidzadeh 2013, p. 22.
  • 9 Pittman 2013, p. 36.

4According to Madjidzadeh: “Those stone vases 1. Were not fabricated in series; 2. In all probabilities they had been produced neither in one single workshop nor by one single craftsman; 3. There was not fixed rules for the workshops of the region to co‑ordinate the size or the shape of the vase with the subject of the decoration”8. Pittman also pointed to a range of different styles in soft stone objects from Tepe Yahya, and noted that the “the workshops were not very far from each other, rather the artisans were close to each other and worked together. Considering the fact that the grave of every citizen contained one or more of such objects as burial gifts, there should have been considerable local demand for these objects of soft stone”9.

5The shape of containers in the collection includes: cylindrical canister, basin, bowl, cup, jar, pyramidal container possibly for cosmetics. In addition hand bag/lock shaped weight stone is presented in alabaster. The motifs described by Madjidzadeh include, a man with his humped bulls, Palm Groves, Whorl, Matting, Braiding, Pannier, Simple wavy line, Alternative horizontal row of brick work, Scorpion and Geometric.

Fig. 1 – Map of sites that have yield “intercultural style” objects, the Jiroft site added to the map. After Aruz (ed.) 2003, p. 325, fig. 84 and Parpola 2011, p. 272, fig. 1.

Fig. 1 – Map of sites that have yield “intercultural style” objects, the Jiroft site added to the map. After Aruz (ed.) 2003, p. 325, fig. 84 and Parpola 2011, p. 272, fig. 1.

A description selected motifs

A man with his humped bulls

  • 10 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 45‑48.

6The subject of a man with his humped bulls is rendered on a cylindrical vessel previously published by Madjidzadeh10.

  • 11 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 45‑46.

7In the collection, the same motif is carried on a cylindrical vessel which is nearly similar to one of the samples presented in Madjidzadeh’s catalog as regards implementation style and production technique11. The collection motif is more extended and includes two men each flanked by two humped bulls and one scorpion (fig. 2). The Madjidzadeh example carries a single human, engaging with three bulls and a scorpion. The Madjidzadeh example has a wider mouth and there are, slight differences in the implementation details of hump decorative motifs as well as woven knotted bands tied around the legs. These differences indicate that there is no standardized mass production of this motif. These two objects may have been produced in workshops following a similar artistic technique and style in the same era.

The collection cylindrical bowl: H. 8.7 cm, diameter 12.4 cm.

Madjidzadeh’s catalog vase with concave body shaped: H. 9 cm, diameter 19 cm.

Fig. 2 – Cylindrical vase. A Man with his humped bulls subject: H. 8.7 cm, diameter 12.4 cm.

Fig. 2 – Cylindrical vase. A Man with his humped bulls subject: H. 8.7 cm, diameter 12.4 cm.

Palm Groves

  • 12 Basafa 2007, p. 90.

8The frequency of Palm groves motif among plant motifs in Madjidzadeh’s catalog was very high, consisting of 75% of the plant motifs in that collection12.

  • 13 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 110‑111.
  • 14 Piran 2013, p. 78‑79.
  • 15 Lamberg-Karlovsky 1988, p. 55‑68.

9In the collection, the palm tree subject is carried on a small cylindrical container (fig. 3). It is similar to three examples of Madjidzadeh’s catalogue in terms of shape, motif and implementation but the containers are of different sizes13. In the catalog of the museum, this motif is carved on two containers, one having a conical shape and the other a basin shape14. The production technique of these containers is identical concerning the engraving technique of motifs. This group of objects may have been produced in the same workshop or in various workshops but following the same style and technique. This motif shows a wide geographic distribution, and has been found in sites within Tepe Yahya, Susa (Louvre Museum), on the Iranian Plateau, Persian Gulf island of Tarut and in Mesopotamia15.

The collection cylindrical vase: H. 8.6 cm, diameter 10.7 cm.

  • 16 Madjidzadeh 2003 p. 111.

Madjidzadeh’s catalogue cylindrical vases16: 1. H. 5.8 cm, diameter 5.2 cm; 2. H. 11.1 cm, diameter 17 cm; 3. H. 5.5 cm, diameter 8.5 cm.

  • 17 Piran 2013, p. 78.

The catalog of museum basin vase17: H. 11.5 cm, diameter 24 cm.

Fig. 3 – Cylindrical vase. Palm groves motif: H. 8.6 cm, diameter 10.7 cm.

Fig. 3 – Cylindrical vase. Palm groves motif: H. 8.6 cm, diameter 10.7 cm.

Whorl

  • 18 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 75, p. 117‑118.
  • 19 Piran 2013, p. 75; Piran and Hesari 2005, p. 43.
  • 20 Lamberg-Karlovsky 1988, p. 55‑68.

10The Whorl motif is not widespread and has been found just in a few sites, but it has been abundantly found in Halil Rud basin. In this collection, a cylindrical container carries the whorl motif (fig. 4). Four samples of this motif are found on conical, and globular jars in Madjidzadeh’s catalogue18, as well as on three comparable shaped jars in the museum’s catalog19. This motif has been documented at several sites including Shahdad (the National Museum of Iran), Susa (Louvre Museum), Tepe Yahya and in Mesopotamia20. Production technique of these containers and engraving technique of the designs are similar. This group of objects may have been produced in workshops with the same technique and style.

Fig. 4 – Cylindrical vase. Whorl motif: H. 5.8 cm, diameter 9.3 cm.

Fig. 4 – Cylindrical vase. Whorl motif: H. 5.8 cm, diameter 9.3 cm.

Matting

  • 21 Lamberg-Karlovsky 1988, p. 55‑68.

11The Matting motif is carried out on two types of vessels (small basin and global jar) in the collection (fig. 5‑6). The Matting motif has been found on containers with conical (Jiroft Museum), cylindrical and bowl shape and on basins and axes in the Kerman Province, and in different sites in Iran (Susa, Louvre Museum) and in Mesopotamia as well21.

  • 22 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 128.
  • 23 Piran 2013, p. 73.
  • 24 Lamberg-Karlovsky 1988, p. 74, fig. 1E, K.
  • 25 Hakemi 1972, pl. XV. C.

12An example of the matting motif is documented in Madjidzadeh’s catalog on one side of a hand bag/lock shaped weight22. In the museum’s catalogue, small basins and small jar shaped containers carry the matting motif23 as well as two fragments of containers from Tepe Yahya24. The technique of manufacture of these containers and the engraving technique of the designs are quite similar. These groups of objects may have been produced in the same workshop or in different workshops following the same style and technique. Nevertheless, a conical-shaped container from Shahdad25 carries this same design but using a different technique. Obviously, this design had been highly in demand, and could have been produced in different workshops by various masters.

Fig. 5 – Small global jar. Matting motif: H. 6.4 cm, diameter 3.4 cm.

Fig. 5 – Small global jar. Matting motif: H. 6.4 cm, diameter 3.4 cm.

Fig. 6 – Small basin with concave body. Matting motif: H. 4.1 cm, diameter 6.5 cm.

Fig. 6 – Small basin with concave body. Matting motif: H. 4.1 cm, diameter 6.5 cm.

Braiding

  • 26 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 120.

13The Braiding motif is not as common as the other motifs. It is rendered conical vase in the collection (fig. 7). The braiding motif has been depicted on a small globular jar in combination with a cable motif in Madjidzadeh’s catalogue 26, It is also seen on a small globular jar from Shahdad, excavated by M.A. Kaboli in 1977 (the National Museum of Iran).

Madjidzadeh’s catalogue small globular jar: H. 8 cm, diameter 5 cm.

Shahdad small globular jar (the National Museum of Iran: Museum no. 10016, field no. 1003‑4): H. 8 cm, diameter 6.1 cm.

Fig. 7 – Braiding motif: H. 10.8 cm, diameter 9 cm.

Fig. 7 – Braiding motif: H. 10.8 cm, diameter 9 cm.

Pannier

  • 27 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 117.

14There is an example of the Pannier motif on a small bowl with a wide mouth. The design extends to the bottom of the bowl (fig. 8). There is an example of similar shape and design with this container but in a larger size in Madjidzadeh’s Catalogue27. Due to similarities, these two bowls have been probably made in the same workshop.

The collection small bowl: H. 4.3 cm, diameter 8.1 cm.

Madjidzadeh’s catalogue small bowl: H. 5.5 cm, diameter 9.6 cm.

Fig. 8 – Small bowl. Pannier motif: H. 4.3 cm, diameter 8.1 cm.

Fig. 8 – Small bowl. Pannier motif: H. 4.3 cm, diameter 8.1 cm.

Simple wavy line

  • 28 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 121.
  • 29 Lamberg-Karlovsky 1988.

15In the collection there are two examples of open bowl scarrying a simple wavy line motif, one with two and the other with one simple wavy lines engraved under the rim (fig. 9‑10). One example of this type of bowl has been published in Madjidzadeh’s catalogue28. Pieces of rims with two or three wavy lines motif have been found in Tepe Yahya29, an intact bowl with three simple wavy lines has been recovered from Susa (Louvre Museum) and a bowl with one simple wavy line was recovered at Shahdad (the National Museum of Iran). Production technique of these objects is quite similar due to the simplicity of the motif.

The collection bowls: 1: H. 4.7 cm, diameter 7.5 cm; 2: H. 5.4 cm, diameter 6.2 cm.

Madjidzadeh’s catalogue bowl: H. 5.1 cm, diameter 7.6 cm.

Shahdad (the National Museum of Iran: no. 8645) bowl: H. 3.6 cm, diameter 5.5 cm.

Fig. 9 – Bowl. Simple wavy line motif: H. 4.7 cm, diameter 7.5 cm.

Fig. 9 – Bowl. Simple wavy line motif: H. 4.7 cm, diameter 7.5 cm.

Fig. 10 – Bowl. Simple wavy line motif: H. 5.4 cm, diameter 6.2 cm.

Fig. 10 – Bowl. Simple wavy line motif: H. 5.4 cm, diameter 6.2 cm.

Alternative horizontal row of brick work

  • 30 Basafa 2007, p. 88.

16The motif depicting alternating horizontal rows of brick work motifs with beveled rim is one of the most popular motifs, and has been used alone or in combination with other geometric designs on various types of containers. “The frequency of this design among geometric designs in Madjidzadeh’s catalogue is approximately 20%”30. This motif has been engraved on two containers, one a basin shaped and on a small cup shaped container among the examples in the collection (fig. 11‑12). Diversity of container shapes and their abundance indicates a high demand for this motif.

  • 31 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 116.
  • 32 Piran 2013, p. 71‑72.
  • 33 Lamberg-Karlovsky 1988, p. 55‑68.

17There are cylindrical, conical shaped jars and pots that carry this motif in Madjidzadeh’s catalogue31 and in the museum catalogue32. This motif shows a wide geographic distribution, and has been found in sites within Iranian Plateau like Tepe Yahya, Susa, Shahdad, Tarut in the Persian Gulf basin and in Mesopotamia33.

Fig. 11 – Basin. Alternative horizontal row of brick work motif: H. 12.5 cm, diameter 25.4 cm.

Fig. 11 – Basin. Alternative horizontal row of brick work motif: H. 12.5 cm, diameter 25.4 cm.

Fig. 12 – Small cup. Alternative horizontal row of brick work motif: H. 6.4 cm, diameter 6 cm.

Fig. 12 – Small cup. Alternative horizontal row of brick work motif: H. 6.4 cm, diameter 6 cm.

Scorpion

  • 34 Basafa 2007, p. 95.

18The scorpion is a motif that appears on many objects either alone in the filler form or in combination with other themes. In Madjidzadeh’s catalogue, the scorpion alone has been documentated 35 times, comprising approximately 35% of that collection34. This design has also been seen as a pervasive motif in other regions, but its use is far more prevalent in decoration of containers in the regions of Halil Rud than from other regions. It is observed as a filler on 4 occasions, on a jar and on cylindrical shaped containers alone 5 times and once in combination with another theme.

19There is a small vase in the collection, the body of which is covered in two horizontal registers that are separated by two horizontal strips in the form of lacy parallel lines in the middle of the body (fig. 13). We have already seen the scorpion motif as a filler on the cylindrical vessel showing the man and humped bulls (fig. 2). The manufacturing technique and the style of the motif on this container is different to that of the bottle shaped container. Due to diversity and abundance of scorpion subject rendered using multiplicity of production techniques, artistic styles, production time and workshops is likely of this important motif.

Fig. 13 – Small vase. Scorpion motif: H. 12.4 cm, diameter 4.5 cm.

Fig. 13 – Small vase. Scorpion motif: H. 12.4 cm, diameter 4.5 cm.

Pyramidal container possibly for cosmetics, with geometric motif

  • 35 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 120.
  • 36 Hakemi 1972, pl. IX. D.

20Two examples of small pyramidal containers possibly for cosmetic s carrying a geometric motif is presented in Madjidzadeh’s catalogue35. Some samples have also been recovered from Susa (Louvre Museum) and Shahdad36.

21In the collection, there are 4 containers that are similar to these vessels (fig. 14a‑d). Given the similarities between the products from different regions such as Shahdad, Jiroft and Susa, the same methods seem to have been used in the production of the vessels in these workshops.

The collection: 1. H. 4.3 cm, diameter 2.3 cm; 2. H. 4.5 cm, diameter 2.5 cm; 3. H. 5.3 cm, diameter 2.4 cm; 4. H. 5.1 cm, diameter 3.4 cm.

Madjidzadeh’s catalogue: H. 5.6 cm, diameter 2.3 cm.

Fig. 14 – Pyramidal container possibly for cosmetic with geometric motif.

Fig. 14 – Pyramidal container possibly for cosmetic with geometric motif.

a: H. 4.3 cm, diameter 2.3 cm; b: H. 4.5 cm, diameter 2.5 cm; c: H. 5.3 cm, diameter 2.4 cm; d: H. 5.1 cm, diameter 3.4 cm.

Bell-shaped bowls

  • 37 Lamberg-Karlovsky 1988.
  • 38 Hakemi 1972, pl. IX. E; Hakemi 1997, p. 605.
  • 39 Kohl 2004, p. 285.
  • 40 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 121.

22Undecorated small bell shaped bowl in the collection (fig. 15) is a type that is also found at Tepe Yahya37, Shahdad38, the Persian Gulf area and Mesopotamia39. A few examples with raised circular base have been presented by in Madjidzadeh’s catalogue40.

The Collection bowl: H. 4.4 cm, diameter 10.1 cm.

Madjidzadeh bowl: 1. H. 4.2 cm, diameter 10.8 cm; 2. H. 5.8 cm, diameter 14.2 cm.

Fig. 15 – Bell‑shaped bowl: H. 4.4 cm, diameter 10.1 cm.

Fig. 15 – Bell‑shaped bowl: H. 4.4 cm, diameter 10.1 cm.

Alabaster vessels

  • 41 Piran 2013, p. 111.

23There are three undecorated objects of alabaster in the collection. One of them is an alabaster hand bag/lock shaped weight (fig. 16), an example of which is presented in the catalogue of the museum41. Their size is similar but not exactly the same.

The collection hand bag/lock shaped weight: H. 27 cm, W. 24.6 cm.

Museum hand bag/lock shaped weight: H. 24.2 cm, W. 26 cm.

  • 42 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 144.

24Another alabaster object in the collection is a cylindrical vase (fig. 17); two similar examples were published in Madjidzadeh’s catalogue42 and one comes from Shahdad (the National Museum of Iran). The cylindrical vases have a flat rim.

The collection cylindrical vase: H. 6.9 cm, diameter 6.7 cm.

Madjidzadeh’s catalogue cylindrical vase: H. 12.1 cm, diameter 9.1 cm.

Shahdad cylindrical vase (the National Museum of Iran, Museum no. 8865): H. 5.4 cm, diameter 6.1 cm.

  • 43 Francfort 2013, p. 171, fig. 11.

25The third object in alabaster has the same shape and dimensions as the chlorite/steatite soft stone pyramidal container that was probably used for cosmetics (fig. 18). The object’s neck and edge are broken. A similar example of this kind of container from soft stone has been reported to come from Bacteria43.

Fig. 16 – Alabaster hand bag/Lock shaped weight: H. 27 cm, base: 24.6 cm.

Fig. 16 – Alabaster hand bag/Lock shaped weight: H. 27 cm, base: 24.6 cm.

Fig. 17 – Alabaster cylindrical vase: H. 6.9 cm, diameter 6.7 cm.

Fig. 17 – Alabaster cylindrical vase: H. 6.9 cm, diameter 6.7 cm.

Fig. 18 – Alabaster vase: H. 4.8 cm, diameter 1.6 cm.

Fig. 18 – Alabaster vase: H. 4.8 cm, diameter 1.6 cm.

Conclusion

26Studies of the works, obtained from unscientific excavations in Jiroft and the classification of their styles and production methods can be useful in the research on this topic for two reasons. First, detection of authenticity of these works will be facilitated. Second, the introduction, dissemination and exposition of all the works as Jiroft culture will be effective in study of future scientific excavations. Due to the fact that these works have been discovered by illegal excavators before extensive scientific excavations were undertaken, and the maintenance of them in museum archives is necessary. As scientific excavations proceed, these objects can be associated with close comparanda that has secure provenance data. The three collections in the National Museum of Iran also provide a variety of samples for researchers. The shape of these works represents a continuation of all the common forms in the Madjidzadeh’s catalog and the National Museum of Iran. However, the manufacture techniques and artistic styles of the motifs are sometimes different or novel while maintaining the common supernatural theme.

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Notes

1 I would like to acknowledge a great deal of appreciation on my own behalf to Dr Mahnaz Gorji, director, Mr Javad Nasiri, keeper, Mrs Mahboobeh Ghelichkhani head of photography section of the National Museum of Iran and Mrs Sima Kahnamooii and specially thanks to Professor Holly Pittman for editing the text in English.

2 Madjidzadeh 2003.

3 Steinkeller 2013, p. 10.

4 Moorey 1994.

5 Kohl 2004, p. 287.

6 Kohl 2004.

7 Madjidzadeh 2004, p. 6.

8 Madjidzadeh 2013, p. 22.

9 Pittman 2013, p. 36.

10 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 45‑48.

11 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 45‑46.

12 Basafa 2007, p. 90.

13 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 110‑111.

14 Piran 2013, p. 78‑79.

15 Lamberg-Karlovsky 1988, p. 55‑68.

16 Madjidzadeh 2003 p. 111.

17 Piran 2013, p. 78.

18 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 75, p. 117‑118.

19 Piran 2013, p. 75; Piran and Hesari 2005, p. 43.

20 Lamberg-Karlovsky 1988, p. 55‑68.

21 Lamberg-Karlovsky 1988, p. 55‑68.

22 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 128.

23 Piran 2013, p. 73.

24 Lamberg-Karlovsky 1988, p. 74, fig. 1E, K.

25 Hakemi 1972, pl. XV. C.

26 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 120.

27 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 117.

28 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 121.

29 Lamberg-Karlovsky 1988.

30 Basafa 2007, p. 88.

31 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 116.

32 Piran 2013, p. 71‑72.

33 Lamberg-Karlovsky 1988, p. 55‑68.

34 Basafa 2007, p. 95.

35 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 120.

36 Hakemi 1972, pl. IX. D.

37 Lamberg-Karlovsky 1988.

38 Hakemi 1972, pl. IX. E; Hakemi 1997, p. 605.

39 Kohl 2004, p. 285.

40 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 121.

41 Piran 2013, p. 111.

42 Madjidzadeh 2003, p. 144.

43 Francfort 2013, p. 171, fig. 11.

Table des illustrations

Titre Fig. 1 – Map of sites that have yield “intercultural style” objects, the Jiroft site added to the map. After Aruz (ed.) 2003, p. 325, fig. 84 and Parpola 2011, p. 272, fig. 1.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-1.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 998k
Titre Fig. 2 – Cylindrical vase. A Man with his humped bulls subject: H. 8.7 cm, diameter 12.4 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-2.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 468k
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-3.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 869k
Titre Fig. 3 – Cylindrical vase. Palm groves motif: H. 8.6 cm, diameter 10.7 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-4.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 938k
Titre Fig. 4 – Cylindrical vase. Whorl motif: H. 5.8 cm, diameter 9.3 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-5.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 912k
Titre Fig. 5 – Small global jar. Matting motif: H. 6.4 cm, diameter 3.4 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-6.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 819k
Titre Fig. 6 – Small basin with concave body. Matting motif: H. 4.1 cm, diameter 6.5 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-7.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 798k
Titre Fig. 7 – Braiding motif: H. 10.8 cm, diameter 9 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-8.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 826k
Titre Fig. 8 – Small bowl. Pannier motif: H. 4.3 cm, diameter 8.1 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-9.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 769k
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-10.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 772k
Titre Fig. 9 – Bowl. Simple wavy line motif: H. 4.7 cm, diameter 7.5 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-11.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 830k
Titre Fig. 10 – Bowl. Simple wavy line motif: H. 5.4 cm, diameter 6.2 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-12.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 828k
Titre Fig. 11 – Basin. Alternative horizontal row of brick work motif: H. 12.5 cm, diameter 25.4 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-13.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 868k
Titre Fig. 12 – Small cup. Alternative horizontal row of brick work motif: H. 6.4 cm, diameter 6 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-14.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 1,2M
Titre Fig. 13 – Small vase. Scorpion motif: H. 12.4 cm, diameter 4.5 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-15.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 911k
Titre Fig. 14 – Pyramidal container possibly for cosmetic with geometric motif.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-16.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 620k
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-17.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 670k
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-18.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 623k
Légende a: H. 4.3 cm, diameter 2.3 cm; b: H. 4.5 cm, diameter 2.5 cm; c: H. 5.3 cm, diameter 2.4 cm; d: H. 5.1 cm, diameter 3.4 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-19.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 614k
Titre Fig. 15 – Bell‑shaped bowl: H. 4.4 cm, diameter 10.1 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-20.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 855k
Titre Fig. 16 – Alabaster hand bag/Lock shaped weight: H. 27 cm, base: 24.6 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-21.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 945k
Titre Fig. 17 – Alabaster cylindrical vase: H. 6.9 cm, diameter 6.7 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-22.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 385k
Titre Fig. 18 – Alabaster vase: H. 4.8 cm, diameter 1.6 cm.
URL http://books.openedition.org/momeditions/docannexe/image/8166/img-23.jpg
Fichier image/jpeg, 715k

Auteur

The National Museum of Iran, 30th Tir St, Tehran

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