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Cuvier’s History of the Natural Sciences

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Georges Cuvier

Index

Texte intégral

When several versions of the same name appear, we refer to the patronym used by Cuvier Page numbers in italics refer to the French text

En cas de dénominations multiples, nous renvoyons au patronyme utilisé par Cuvier Les folios en italique renvoient à la partie française de l’ouvrage

A

Abd-Ul-Latif cf. Abdalla-Tif

Abdalla-Tif / Abdallatif [1162–1231] 598, 602-603 (note 48), 612, 617 (note 48), 621, 631

Abenzoar [c. 1090–1162] 621, 626 (note 26), 631, 636 (note 26)

Abimelech 670 (note 17), 680 (note 17)

Abu‘ Ali Al-Husayn Ibn ‘ Abd Allah Ibn Sina cf. Avicenne

Abu al-’Abbas‘ Abd Allah al-Ma’Mun ibn ar-Rashid cf. Mamûm

Abu al-’Abbas as-Saffah cf. Abul Abbas

Abu al-Qasim Muhammad ibn ‘ Abd Allah ibn ‘ Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim cf. Mahomet

Abu Al-Walid Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Rushd cf. Averroès

Abu Bakr cf. Abu-Beker

Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariya’Ar-Razi cf. Rhazès

Abu Ja’far Abdallah ibn Muhammad al-Mansur cf. Almanzor

Abu Marwan ‘Abd Al-Malik Ibn Abi Al-’Ala` Zuhr cf. Abenzoar

Abu Musa [c. 721–c. 815] 619, 624 (note 1), 629, 635 (note 1)

Abu-Beker [c. 573–634] 545 (note 44), 557 (note 44), 596, 601 (note 28), 610, 615 (note 28)

Abul Abbas [722–754] 596, 601 (note 30), 610, 615 (note 30)

Abumeron cf. Abenzoar

Adrien / Adrian [76–138] 55, 59 (notes 23-24), 69, 73 (notes 23-24), 374 (note 72), 385, 392 (note 72), 461-462, 466 (note 1), 467 (note 8), 472-473, 477 (note 1), 478 (note 8), 509, 521, 535, 547

Aelian of Praeneste cf. Élien de Preneste

Aelianus cf. Élien de Preneste

Ænésidême / Aenesidemus [c. -50] 172 (note 7), 186 (note 7)

Aeschylus cf. Eschyle

Aëtius [c. + 550] 591, 598 (note 2), 605, 613 (note 2)

Aëtius Amidenus cf. Aëtius

Agatharchides de Cnide / Agatharchides of Cnidos [c. -150] 306, 311 (note 60), 322-323, 327 (note 60), 333, 368, 386, 398, 400, 406 (note 32), 416, 424 (note 32), 434, 591, 605

Agésilas / Agesilas [c. 150] 485, 497-498

Aggregator cf. Sérapion le Jeune

Agrippa [c. 63–12] 441 (note 11), 456 (note 11)

Agrippine la Jeune / Agrippina the Younger [15–59] 401, 408 (note 49), 418, 425 (note 49)

Ahenobarbus Lucius Domitius cf. Néron

Akhénaton / Akhnaton cf. Aménophis IV

Al-Ma’mun cf. Mamûm

Alaric [c. 370–410] 571-572, 576 (notes 10, 14), 580, 585 (notes 10, 14)

Albert le Grand / Albert the Great [c. 1200–1280] 28, 41, 597, 611, 645, 657, 663-664, 669 (note 1), 673-674, 679 (note 1), 687, 693

Albertus Magnus cf. Albert le Grand

Alboin [died / mort en 572] 572, 577 (note 27), 581, 586 (note 27)

Alboulc-Alza-Kaaris 621, 631

Alby Pierre [1490–1555] 485, 491 (note 20), 497, 504 (note 20)

Alcibiade / Alcibiades [c. 450–404] 191, 200 (note 2), 205, 214 (note 2), 308 (note 24), 325 (note 24), 490 (note 3), 503 (note 3)

Alcméon de Crotone / Alcmeon of Crotona [c. -550] 165-166, 169, 172 (notes 16-17), 179-180, 183, 186 (notes 16-17), 200, 214, 230, 252, 302, 318

Alcuin [c. 732–804] 623, 627 (note 38), 633, 637 (note 38)

Alembert Jean Le Rond d’[1717–1783] 86 (note 9), 103 (note 9)

Alexander III cf. Alexandre III

Alexander III the Great of Macedon cf. Alexandre le Grand

Alexandre II / Alexander II cf. Ptolémée X Alexandre I er

Alexandre III [c. 1105–1181] 642, 647 (note 16), 654, 659 (note 16)

Alexandre le Grand [356 –323] 56, 58 (notes 17-18), 60 (note 37), 70, 73 (notes 17-18), 75 (note 37), 80-81, 86 (note 5), 89 (note 15), 97, 103 (note 5), 107 (note 15), 118 (note 24), 129 (note 24), 199-200, 203 (notes 32, 34), 213-214, 217 (notes 32, 34), 222-225, 231-232, 234 (notes 3, 9-10), 235 (notes 11, 18), 236-237, 244-247, 253-254, 256 (notes 3, 9-10), 257 (notes 11, 18), 258-259, 269-271, 276-277 (notes 22-23, 25-28), 285-288, 293-294 (notes 22-23, 25-28), 298, 305, 309 (note 36), 311 (note 58), 314, 321-322, 325 (note 36), 327 (note 58), 331, 333, 340 (note 23), 345, 347, 354 (note 23), 362, 365, 372 (note 46), 380, 383, 390 (note 46), 396, 405 (note 26), 406 (note 32), 412, 423 (notes 26, 32), 463, 467 (note 16), 469 (note 31), 474, 478 (note 16), 480 (note 31), 537, 542 (note 11), 549, 554 (note 11), 561-562, 567-568, 622, 625 (note 19), 633, 636 (note 19)

Ali [c. 600–661] 601 (note 31), 615 (note 31)

Ali Ibn Abu Talib cf. Ali

Ali ibn al-’Abbas [c. 950] 646 (note 2), 658 (note 2)

Almanzor [712–775] 597, 602 (note 43), 612, 616 (note 43)

Alpaida cf. Alpaïde

Alpaïde [635 / 640–714] 646 (note 4), 658 (note 4)

Ambhi de Taxila / Ambhi of Taxila [c. -330] 542 (note 11), 554 (note 11)

Ambroise / Ambrosius [c. 339–397] 539, 544 (note 25), 551, 556 (note 25), 591, 605

Amenhotep IV cf. Aménophis IV

Aménophis IV [c. -1350] 80, 87 (note 11), 96, 104 (note 11)

Amyntas III [died / mort c. -369] 222, 234 (note 2), 244, 256 (note 2)

Anaxagore / Anaxagoras [c. 500–c. 428] 138, 145 (note44), 153, 160 (note 44), 164, 168, 170-171, 172 (note 8), 175 (note 45), 178, 182, 184-185, 186 (note 8), 189 (note 45), 191-193, 200, 205-206, 214

Anaximandre de Milet / Anaximander of Miletus [610–546 / 545] 163-164, 171 (notes 2-4), 177-178, 185 (notes 2-4), 401

Anaximène de Milet / Anaximenes of Miletus [c. -545] 164, 171 (note 4), 178, 185 (note 4)

Andromaque / Andromachus [c. -250] 402, 409 (note 58), 419, 426 (note 58)

Andronique II Paléologue / Andronicus II Palaiologos [1259–1332] 600 (note 18), 614 (note 18)

Andronique de Rhodes / Andronicus of Rhodes [c. -50] 225, 238 (notes 28, 30), 247, 260 (notes 28, 30)

Angoulême François d’cf. François I er

Anthemius [c. 420–472] 576 (note 8), 584 (note 8)

Antigone [382–301] 270, 277 (notes 25-27), 286, 293 (notes 25-26), 294 (note 27), 372 (note 46), 390 (note 46)

Antigone Gonate [319–239] 59 (note 18), 73 (note 18), 309 (note 37), 310 (note 54), 325 (note 37), 327 (note 54)

Antigone I Monophthalme cf. Antigone

Antigonus I Monophthalmus [or Cyclops] cf. Antigone

Antigonus II Gonatas cf. Antigone Gonate

Antioche I er Soter [324–262 / 261] 55, 59 (note 19), 69, 73 (note 19), 303, 309 (note 37), 319, 325 (note 37)

Antioche III cf. Antioche le Grand III

Antioche le Grand III / Antiochus III the Great [241–187] 308 (note 23), 325 (note 23), 372 (note 51), 391 (note 51), 469 (note 35), 480 (note 35)

Antiochus Soter cf. Antioche I er Soter

Antipater [c. 397–319] 223, 225, 235 (note 11), 245, 247, 257 (note 11), 272, 277 (note 28), 288, 294 (note 28)

Antisthène / Antisthenes [c. -380] 193, 201 (note 11), 207, 215 (note 11)

Antoine cf. Marc Antoine [82 / 81–30]

Antonia [c. -40] 363, 370 (notes 26, 29), 381, 389 (notes 26, 29)

Antonin cf. Marc-Aurèle

Antonin-le-Pieux / Antoninus Pius [86–161] 368, 374 (note 74), 386, 393 (note 74)

Antoninus Augustus Marcus Aurelius cf. Marc-Aurèle

Antoninus Caracalla cf. Caracalla Antonin

Antonius Marcus cf. Marc Antoine [143–87]

Antonius Marcus cf. Marc Antoine [82 / 81–30]

Antony cf. Marc Antoine [82 / 81–30]

Antony Mark cf. Marc Antoine [82 / 81–30]

Apellicon de Théos / Apellicon of Teos [died / mort c. -84] 225, 238 (note 28), 247, 260 (note 28)

Aper [c. 250] 543 (note 15), 555 (note 15)

Apicius 400, 407 (note 43), 416, 425 (note 43), 461, 471

Apicius Caelius [c. 30] 408 (note 44), 425 (note 44)

Apicius Marcus Gavius cf. Apicius Caelius

Apion [c. -20–c. + 45] 431, 440 (note 6), 446, 455 (note 6)

Apollinaire Sidoine [c. 430–c. 489] 541, 545 (note 41), 552, 557 (note 41)

Apollinaris Sidonius Sollius Modestus cf. Apollinaire Sidoine

Apollodore d’Athènes / Apollodorus of Athens [c. -140] 58 (note 6), 72 (note 6), 141 (note 19), 156 (note 19), 339 (note 16), 354 (note 16), 406 (note 32), 423 (note 32)

Apollonius de Perge / Apollonius of Perga [c. 262–190] 310 (note 52), 327 (note 52)

Apollonius de Rhodes / Apollonius of Rhodes [c. 300–c. 246] 408 (note 54), 426 (note 54)

Apollonius de Thyane / Apollonius of Tyana [c. + 50] 395, 403 (note 1), 411, 420 (note 1), 462, 537-538, 542 (notes 8, 10), 472, 549-550, 554 (notes 8, 10), 561, 567

Apollonius Molon [c. -70] 359, 369 (note 1), 377, 387 (note 1)

Appien d’Alexandrie / Appian of Alexandria [c. 150] 463, 467 (note 19), 474, 478 (note 19)

Apulée [c. 124–c. 170] 463-464, 468 (note 21), 474, 479 (note 21), 483, 495, 561, 567

Apuleius Lucius cf. Apulée

Aquin Thomas d’[1224 / 1225–1274] 645, 649 (note 39), 657, 661 (note 39), 664, 669 (note 1), 674, 679 (note 1)

Aquinas Thomas cf. Aquin Thomas d’

Ar-Razi cf. Rhazès

Arago Dominique-François-Jean [1786–1853] 175 (note 45), 189 (note 45)

Aratus [c. 315–c. 245] 305, 310 (note 54), 321, 327 (note 54)

Arcadius [377–c. 408] 571, 576 (notes 6, 8-9), 579, 584 (notes 6, 8-9)

Archélaos / Archelaus [died / mort en -399] 234 (note 2), 256 (note 2)

Archimède / Archimedes [c. 290–c. 211] 559, 563 (note 1), 565, 569 (note 1)

Archytas de Tarente / Archytas of Tarentum [c. 400–350] 193, 201 (note 16), 207, 215 (note 16)

Arétée de Cappadoce / Aretaeus of Cappadocia [c. 150] 402-403, 409 (note 60), 419-420, 426 (note 60)

Aretin Johann Christoph Baron von cf. Aretin Johann Christoph d’

Aretin Johann Christoph d’[1773–1824] 593-594, 600 (note 20), 607-608, 614 (note 20)

Aristée de Proconnèse / Aristeas of Proconnesus [c. -150] 55, 58 (note 14), 69, 72 (note 14)

Aristippe de Cyrène / Aristippus of Cyrene [c. 435–366] 193, 201 (note 13), 207, 215 (note 13)

Aristobule I Judas / Aristobulus I Judas [died / mort en -103] 399, 407 (note 39), 416, 424 (note 39)

Aristomène d’Acarnanie / Aristomenes of Acarnania [fl. c. -200] 305, 310 (note 49), 321, 326 (note 49)

Ariston de Ceos / Aristo of Ceos [c. -225] 342 (note 47), 357 (note 47)

Aristophane [c. 257–180] 465, 469 (note 41), 476, 481 (note 41), 484, 496

Aristophanes of Byzantium cf. Aristophane

Aristote / Aristotle [384–322] 13, 17, 27-28, 40-41, 53, 56, 58 (note 8), 67, 70, 72 (note 8), 75 (note 36), 117 (note 5), 127 (note 5), 134, 145 (note 48), 148, 161 (note 48), 172 (notes 13, 17), 174 (notes 31-32), 186 (notes 13, 17), 187 (note 29), 188 (notes 31-32), 192, 195-198, 200 (note 1), 201 (note 14), 206, 209-212, 214 (note 1), 215 (note 14), 221-233, 234 (notes 5, 7, 9-10), 235 (notes 12-13), 238 (notes 22, 28, 30), 239 (note 36), 243-255, 256 (notes 5, 7, 9-10), 257 (notes 12-13), 260 (notes 22, 25, 28, 30), 261 (note 36), 265-273, 275 (notes 7-8), 276 (notes 16, 19), 278 (notes 31, 35), 281-285, 287-289, 291 (note 8), 292 (notes 15-17), 293 (note 19), 294 (notes 31, 34-35), 297, 299-303, 308 (note 11), 309 (note 27), 313, 315-320, 324 (note 11), 325 (note 27), 334, 340 (note 28), 342 (note 47), 348, 355 (note 28), 357 (note 47), 365, 383, 396, 399, 403, 405 (note 45), 409 (note 61), 412, 415, 420, 422 (note 25), 426 (note 1), 426 (note 61), 431, 433–435, 438, 445, 447, 449, 453, 464, 475, 483, 484, 490 (note 1), 496, 503 (note 1), 509, 512, 514–517, 521, 524, 526-527, 529, 539, 540, 551-552, 559–562, 565-568, 594, 597, 601 (notes 24, 34), 608, 611-612, 615 (notes 24, 34), 621, 626 (note 27), 631, 636 (note 27), 644, 645, 656-657, 663-664, 673-674, 692, 694

Armagnac Georges d’[1501–1585] 491 (note 20), 504 (note 20)

Arnold of Villanova cf. Villeneuve Arnauld de

Arrianus Flavius cf. Arrien

Arrien / Arrian [died / mort c. 180] 270, 276 (note 22), 278 (note 30), 287, 293 (note 22), 294 (note 30), 304, 309 (note 40), 320, 326 (note 40), 463, 467 (note 16), 474, 478 (note 16)

Arsinoé I [c. 366–c. 282] 270, 278 (note 29), 286, 294 (note 29), 305, 321

Arsinoé II [c. 316–270] 278 (note 29), 294 (note 29)

Artaxercès / Artaxerce [c. -400] 197-199, 202 (notes 25, 27-28), 203 (note 34), 211-213, 216 (notes 25, 27-28), 217 (note 34), 223, 245

Artaxerxes II cf. Artaxercès

Artedi Pierre / Artedi Peter [1705–1730] 434, 441 (note 17), 448, 456 (note 17)

Artémidore / Artemidorus [born / né c. -140] 406 (note 32), 423 (note 32)

As-Saffah cf. Abul Abbas

As-Siddiq cf. Abu-Beker

Ascelin Pierre cf. Asselin Pierre

Asclépiade de Bithynie / Asclepiades of Bithynia [c. 124 / 129–40] 409 (note 57), 426 (note 57)

Assac [died / mort en 873] 620, 625 (note 13), 630, 635 (note 13)

Asselin Pierre [c. 1260] 643, 648 (note 30), 655, 661 (note 30)

Ataulphe / Ataulphus [died / mort en 415] 572, 576 (note 14), 580, 585 (note 14)

Athenaeus of Naucratis / Athénée de Naucratis cf. Athénée

Athénée [c. 200] 238 (note 31), 260 (note 31), 268, 284, 304, 310 (note 43), 320, 326 (note 43), 464-466, 468 (note 27), 469 (note 38), 475-477, 479 (note 27), 480 (note 38), 483, 495, 535, 540, 547, 552

Attale I er Soter [269–197] 225, 238 (note 26), 247, 260 (note 26), 438, 453

Attale III [c. 170–133] 332, 339 (note 16), 346, 353 (note 16)

Attalus I Soter cf. Attale I er Soter

Attalus III of Pergamum cf. Attale III

Aufidius Lucro [c. -50] 362, 369 (note 15), 380, 388 (note 15)

Aufidius Lurco cf. Aufidius Lucro

Augur [died / mort en -88] 372 (note 54), 391 (note 54)

Auguste [-63–+ 14] 61 (note 45), 75 (note 45), 237, 259, 338 (notes 7-8), 352 (note 7), 353 (note 8), 363, 366, 370 (notes 26, 29), 371 (notes 30-31), 381, 384-385, 389 (notes 26, 29-31), 395, 397, 400, 404 (note 12), 405 (note 26), 406 (notes 29, 32), 411, 413-414, 416, 421 (note 12), 423 (notes 26, 29), 424 (note 32), 492 (note 27), 505 (note 27), 517 (note 12), 530 (note 12), 562, 569

Augustin / Augustinus cf. Augustin d’Hippone

Augustin d’Hippone [354–430] 540-541, 544 (note 25), 545 (notes 36, 43), 552-553, 556 (note 25), 557 (notes 36, 43)

Augustine Saint cf. Augustin d’Hippone

Augustus cf. Auguste

Augustus Imperator Gaius Julius Caesar cf. Auguste

Aurata Sergius [c. -95] 364, 371 (note 36), 382, 389 (note 36)

Aurelianus Lucius Domitius cf. Aurélien

Aurélien / Aurelian [c. 215–275] 235 (note 19), 257 (note19), 368, 375 (note 85), 386, 393 (note 85)

Aurelius Antoninus Augustus Marcus cf. Marc-Aurèle

Aurelius Marcus cf. Marc-Aurèle

Ausone cf. Ausonius

Ausonius [c. 310–c. 395] 540, 544 (note 33), 552, 556 (note 33)

Ausonius Decius Magnus cf. Ausonius

Avenzoar-Ibn-Ror cf. Abenzoar

Averroès [1126–1198] 621, 626 (note 27), 631, 636 (note 27)

Avicenne / Avicenna [980–1037] 620-621, 625 (note 17), 626 (note 26), 630-631, 635 (note 17), 636 (note 26)

Avienus [c. 350] 311 (note 54), 327 (note 54)

Azaïs Pierre-Hyacinthe [1766–1845] 308 (note 11), 324 (note 11)

B

Bacon Roger [c. 1214–1294] 28, 41, 301, 317, 664-666, 669 (note 8), 670 (notes 13, 16, 20), 673-676, 679 (note 8), 680 (notes 13, 16, 20), 686-687, 692-693

Baeda cf. Béda

Bailly Jean-Sylvain [1736–1793] 81-82, 86 (note 9), 89 (note 16), 98, 103 (note 9), 107 (note 16)

Balian d’Ibelin / Balian of Ibelin [c. 1140–1193] 646 (note 9), 658 (note 9)

Bandinelli Rolando cf. Alexandre III

Barbarossa Frederick cf. Frédéric I er

Barca Hamilcar [c. 275–228] 340 (note 31), 355 (note 31), 600 (note 13), 614 (note 13)

Barca Magon cf. Magon

Barthélemy Jean-Jacques [1716–1795] 140 (notes 15-16), 141 (note 18), 155 (notes 15-16, 18)

Bascio Matteo da [c. 1495–1552] 647 (note 20), 659 (note 20)

Bassano 240 (note 46), 262 (note 46)

Bassianus d’Émèse / Bassianus of Emesa [c. 150] 492 (note 28), 505 (note 28)

Bassianus Septimius cf. Caracalla Antonin

Bassianus Varius Avitus cf. Héliogabale

Bassus Cassianus [c. 600] 592, 599 (note 11), 600 (note 12), 606, 614 (notes 11-12)

Batiseka Georges 597, 612

Beauvais Vincent de [c. 1190–c. 1264] 643, 648 (note 29), 655, 660 (note 29)

Becket Thomas [c. 1118–1170] 646 (note 6), 658 (note 6)

Beckmann Johann [1739–1811] 269, 276 (note 19), 285, 293 (note 19), 364, 371 (note 43), 382, 390 (note 43)

Béda / Beda [672 / 673–735] 623, 627 (note 39), 633, 637 (note 39)

Bede the Venerable cf. Béda

Bélisaire / Belisarius [c. 505–565] 572, 577 (note 21), 580, 586 (note 21)

Belon Pierre [1517–1564] 273 (note 1), 290 (note 1)

Benedict of Nursia cf. Saint Benoît

Bentley Richard [1662–1742] 81, 90 (note 18), 98, 107 (note 18)

Berenice I [c. 340–279 / 268] 278 (note 29), 294 (note 29)

Berenice III [120–80] 237, 259

Bergson Henri [1859–1941] 239 (note 33), 261 (note 33)

Berig 575 (note 1), 584 (note 1)

Bernardone Francesco di Pietro di cf. François d’Assise

Bérose / Berosus [c. -290] 55, 58 (note 16), 59 (note 23), 69, 73 (notes 16, 23)

Béthune Maximilien de [1560–1641] 91 (note 30), 109 (note 30)

Bexon Gabriel Leopold Charles Aimé [1748–1784] 240 (note 39), 262 (note 39)

Blainville Henri Marie Ducrotay de [1777–1850] 86 (note 9), 104 (note 9), 492 (note 31)), 506 (note 31)

Bloch Marcus Eliezer [1723–1799] 276 (note 17), 293 (note 17)

Boccace Giovanni / Boccaccio Giovanni [1313–1375] 667, 671 (note 27), 677, 681 (note 27)

Bochart Samuel [1599–1667] 439, 443 (note 42), 454, 459 (note 42)

Boèce [470 / 475–524] 601 (note 24), 615 (note 24)

Boethius Anicius Manlius Severinus cf. Boèce

Bonaparte Napoléon cf. Napoléon I er

Boncompagni Ugo cf. Grégoire XIII

Boniface I er [c. 680–755] 601 (note 35), 616 (note 35), 627 (note 35), 637 (note 35)

Bossuet Jacques-Bénigne [1627–1704] 118 (note 16), 128 (note 16)

Bourdon Jean-Baptiste Isidore [1796–1861] 19-20, 31-32

Bowdich Sarah [1791–1856] 22, 35

Bowdich Thomas Edward [1791–1824] 88, 105

Brémontier Nicolas Thomas [1738–1809] 54, 58 (note 10), 68, 72 (note 10)

Brisson Mathurin Jacques [1723–1806] 232, 240 (note 44), 255, 262 (note 44)

Brongniart Alexandre [1770–1847] 11, 15

Bruce James [1730–1794] 334, 340 (note 30), 348, 355 (note 30)

Brucker Johann Jakob [1696–1770] 238 (note 27), 260 (note 27)

Brutus Marcus Junius [85–42] 333, 338 (note 7), 340 (note 24), 347, 352 (note 7), 354 (note 24)

Bucelin [c. 550] 572, 577 (note 25), 580, 586 (note 25)

Buchanan Francis cf. Buchanan Hamilton

Buchanan Hamilton [1762–1829] 299, 307 (note 9), 315, 324 (note 9)

Buffon Georges-Louis Leclerc de [1707–1788] 231, 239 (note 39), 253, 261 (note 39), 273 (note 1), 290 (note 1), 365, 367, 383, 385, 435, 450, 465, 476, 492 (note 33), 506 (note 33)

Buhle Johann Gottlieb Gerhard [1763–1821] 338 (note 12), 353 (note 12)

Burebistas [c. -50] 576 (note 16), 585 (note 16)

C

Cadmus de Milet / Cadmus of Miletus [c. -550] 142 (note 19), 157 (note 19), 685, 691

Caepio Quintus cf. Brutus Marcus Junius

Caesar Divi Nervae Filius Nerva Traianus Optimus Augustus cf. Trajan

Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus cf. Héliogabale

Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus cf. Marc-Aurèle

Caesar Nerva Traianus Germanicus cf. Trajan

Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius cf. Antonin-le-Pieux

Caesar Traianus Hadrianus Augustus cf. Adrien

Caesarion [47–30] 237, 259

Cailliaud Frédéric [1787–1869] 113-114, 117 (notes 11, 14), 124, 127 (note 11), 128 (note 14)

Calcidius cf. Chalcidius

Caligula [12 / 24–41] 367, 385, 395, 401, 408 (note 48), 411, 418, 425 (note 48), 431, 440 (note 6), 445-446, 455 (note 6), 686, 692

Callimaque / Callimachus [310 / 305–240] 235, 257

Callisthène d’Olynthe / Callisthenes of Olynthus [c. 360–327] 56, 61 (note 39), 70, 75 (note 39), 119 (note 26), 129 (note 26), 223-224, 234 (note 10), 245-246, 256 (note 10), 269, 285

Calpurnius Siculus Titus [c. 60] 538, 543 (notes 14, 18), 550, 555 (notes 14, 18)

Cambyse II / Cambyses II [c. -530] 86 (note 6), 103 (note 6), 115, 125, 137-138, 144, 152, 164, 178

Camper Adriaan Gilles [1759–1820] 518 (note 16), 530 (note 16)

Camper Petrus [1722–1789] 511, 518 (note 16), 524, 530 (note 16)

Camus Armand Gaston [1740–1804] 268, 276 (note 18), 285, 293 (note 18)

Capella Martianus Minneus Felix [c. 400] 541, 545 (note 45), 553, 557 (note 45)

Caracalla / Caracallus cf. Caracalla Antonin

Caracalla Antonin [188–217] 224, 235 (note 15), 246, 257 (note 15), 368, 386, 396, 412, 485-486, 491 (note 22), 491 (note 22), 492 (notes 25, 28), 498, 505 (notes 22, 25, 28)

Carin [died / mort en 284] 538, 543 (notes 15, 19), 550, 555 (notes 15, 19)

Carinus Marcus Aurelius cf. Carin

Carnéade / Carneades [c. 214–c. 129] 336, 342 (note 45), 350-351, 357 (note 45), 359, 377

Carolus Magnus cf. Charlemagne

Carpini Giovanni da Pian del cf. Duplan-Carpin Jean

Carus [died / mort en 283] 543 (note 15), 555 (note 15)

Cassandane [c. -550] 86 (note 6), 103 (note 6)

Cassandre / Cassander [c. 358–297] 270, 277 (notes 26-28), 286, 293 (note 26) 294 (notes 27-28), 372 (note 46), 390 (note 46)

Cassius Dio Cocceianus cf. Cassius Dion

Cassius Dion [c. 150–235] 367, 373 (note 71), 374 (note 79), 385, 392 (note 71), 393 (note 79)

Cassius Longinus Gaius [85–42] 338 (note 7), 340 (note 24), 352 (note 7), 354 (note 24)

Castor Antonius [c. 50] 439, 443 (note 35), 453, 458 (note 35)

Catilina / Catiline [108–62] 372 (note 53), 391 (note 53)

Cato Marcus Porcius cf. Caton l’Ancien

Cato Marcus Porcius Uticencis cf. Caton le Jeune

Cato the Censor cf. Caton l’Ancien

Cato the Younger of Utica cf. Caton le Jeune

Caton l’Ancien [234–149] 336-337, 342 (notes 43, 48), 350-351, 356 (notes 43, 48), 359, 362, 370 (note 25), 372 (note 50), 377, 380, 388 (note 25), 390 (note 50), 401, 418

Caton le censeur cf. Caton l’Ancien

Caton le Jeune [95–46] 362, 370 (note 25), 381, 388 (note 25)

Catulle [c. 84–54] 431, 440 (note 2), 445, 455 (note 2)

Catullus Gaius Valerius cf. Catulle

Cécrops / Cecrops 57, 61 (note 49), 71, 75 (note 49), 85, 91 (note 33), 102, 109 (note 33), 135, 141 (note 19), 149, 155 (note 19), 194, 208,333, 347, 685, 691

Celse [c. 50] 402, 409 (note 56), 419, 426 (note 56)

Celsus Aulus Cornelius cf. Celse

Cethegus Gaius Cornelius [c. -197] 364, 371 (note 41), 382, 390 (note 41)

Chalcidius [c. 350] 166, 172 (note 18), 180, 186 (note 18)

Chalpaida / Chalpaïde cf. Alpaïde

Champollion, Jean-François [1790–1832] 56, 61 (note 43), 71, 75 (note 43), 85, 91 (note 27), 102, 108 (note 27), 407 (note 41), 424 (note 41)

Chandragupta cf. Sandrocottus

Charlemagne [c. 742–814] 574, 577 (note 31), 583, 587 (note 31), 598, 612, 623-624, 627 (notes 35-38, 41), 633-634, 637 (notes 35-38, 41), 687, 693

Charles the Great cf. Charlemagne

Charmide / Charmides [c. -400] 200 (note 6), 214 (note 6)

Chebert-Aben-Moussa-Djuffa-al-Sophi cf. Abu Musa

Cheops cf. Khéops

Childebert I [c. 498–558] 572, 577 (notes 23-24), 580, 586 (notes 23-24)

Childéric III [c. 717–c. 754] 627 (note 35), 637 (note 35)

Chinggis Khan cf. Genghis Khan

Chlodomer cf. Clodomir

Chlotar I cf. Clotaire I er

Chosroès / Chosroes [died / mort en 579] 597, 602 (notes 37, 39), 611, 616 (note s 37, 39)

Christoph Johann Baron von Aretin cf. Aretin Johann Christoph d’

Chrysippe / Chrysippus [c. 279–c. 206] 342 (note 46), 357 (note 46)

Chrysostom John cf. Saint Jean Chrysostome

Cicero Marcus Tullius cf. Cicéron

Cicéron [106–43] 200 (note 1), 214 (note 1), 235 (note 14), 238 (note 25), 257 (note 14), 260 (note 25), 311 (note 54), 327 (note 54), 336-337, 339 (note 16), 342 (notes 44, 51), 350-352, 354 (note 16), 356 (note 44), 357 (note 51), 359, 362, 366, 369 (notes 12-13), 370 (notes 16, 27), 372 (note 47), 377, 380, 384, 387 (note 12), 388 (notes 13, 16), 389 (note 27), 390 (note 47), 402, 419, 545 (note 40), 557 (note 40), 666-667, 670 (note 22), 676, 677, 681 (note 22)

Claude [10–54] 332, 338 (note 9), 346, 353 (note 9), 367, 373 (note 61), 385, 391 (note 61), 395, 401, 404 (notes 2, 7), 395, 411, 418 (notes 2, 7), 431-432, 435, 440 (note 6), 445-446, 450, 455 (note 6), 484, 496

Claude II [214–270] 536, 542 (note 6), 548, 554 (note 6)

Claudianus cf. Claudien

Claudien [c. 340–410] 368, 375 (note 89), 386, 393 (note 89)

Claudius Aelianus cf. Élien de Preneste

Claudius cf. Claude

Claudius II Gothicus cf. Claude II

Claudius Marcus Aurelius Valerius cf. Claude II

Claudius Prenestinus cf. Élien de Prenestre

Cléarque / Clearchus [died / mort en -401] 202 (note 28), 216 (note 28), 302, 308 (note 24), 318, 325 (note 24)

Clément d’Alexandrie / Clement of Alexandria [c. 150–c. 212] 84, 90 (note 23), 101, 108 (note 23)

Clément IV / Clement IV [died / mort en 1268] 664-665, 669 (note 12), 674-675, 680 (note 12)

Cléomène I / Cleomenes I [died / mort c. -489] 143 (note 33), 159 (note 33)

Cléon / Cleon [died / mort en -422] 490 (note 3), 503 (note 3)

Cléopâtre I ère / Cleopatra I Syra [c. 204–176] 236, 258

Cléopâtre III / Cleopatra III [161–101] 237, 259, 311 (notes 59, 61), 327 (notes 59, 61)

Cléopâtre Sélène II / Cleopatra Selene II [40–5 / 6] 277 (note 23), 293 (note 23)

Cléopâtre VII / Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator [69–30] 237, 277 (note 23), 259, 293 (note 23), 332, 338 (notes 7-8), 339 (note 18), 346, 352 (notes 7-8), 354 (note 18), 366, 385, 435, 450, 594, 608

Clodomir [died / mort en 524] 577 (note 23), 586 (note 23)

Clotaire I er [c. 500–561] 572, 577 (notes 23-24), 580, 586 (notes 23-24)

Clotilde / Clotilda [475–545] 577 (note 23), 586 (note 23)

Clovis I [c. 466–511] 572, 577 (notes 18-20, 23-24), 580, 585 (notes 18-19), 586 (notes 20, 23-24), 622, 626 (note 32), 632-633, 636 (note 32)

Colomb Christophe / Columbus Christopher [1451–1506] 668, 671 (note 29), 678, 681 (note 29)

Colombo Domenico cf. Colomb Christophe

Columella Lucius Junius Moderatus cf. Columelle

Columelle [c. + 50] 334, 348, 367, 385, 401, 408 (note 46), 418, 425 (note 46), 592, 606

Commode [161–192] 368, 374 (note 78), 386, 392 (note 78), 483, 491 (note 22), 495, 505 (note 22), 510-511, 513, 517 (note 13), 522-522, 525, 530 (note 13), 535, 547

Commodus Antoninus Augustus Caesar Marcus Aurelius cf. Commode

Commodus Lucius Aelius Aurelius cf. Commode

Condorcet Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat de [1743–1794] 57 (note 5), 72 (note 5)

Confucius [551–479] 56, 60 (notes 30-31, 34), 70, 74 (notes 30-31, 34)

Conon [died / mort c. -390] 175 (note 44), 189 (note 44)

Conon of Samos [c. 280–c. 220] 305, 310 (note 52), 321, 327 (note 52), 563 (note 1), 569 (note 1)

Conrad III cf. Coradin

Conrad IV [1228–1254] 669 (note 4), 679 (note 4)

Constance Chlore [died / mort en 306] 536, 542 (note 5), 548, 554 (note 5)

Constantin l’Africain [c. 1020–1087] 639, 646 (note 2), 651, 658 (note 2)

Constantin le Grand [272–337] 368, 386, 538, 542 (note 5), 543 (notes 21-22), 544 (note 29), 550, 554 (note 5), 555 (notes 21-22), 556 (note 29)

Constantin Porphyrogénète [905–959] 592-593, 599 (notes 9, 11), 606, 613 (note 9), 614 (note 11)

Constantine I the Great cf. Constantin le Grand

Constantine the African cf. Constantin l’Africain

Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus cf. Constantin Porphyrogénète

Constantinus Africanus cf. Constantin l’Africain

Constantius Flavius Valerius cf. Constance Chlore

Constantius I Chlorus the Pale cf. Constance Chlore

Constantius III [died / mort en 421] 576 (note 15), 585 (note 15)

Coradin [1093–1152] 640, 646 (note 7), 652, 658 (note 7)

Corse John [c. 1800] 367, 373 (note 65), 385, 392 (note 65)

Cousin Victor [1792–1867] 173 (note 27), 187 (note 27)

Crassus Lucius Licinius [140–91] 363, 370 (note 27), 381, 389 (note 27)

Cratéras [c. -100] 332, 339 (note 14), 332, 353 (note 14)

Crateuas / Cratevas cf. Cratéras

Creuzer Georg Friedrich [1771–1858] 86 (note 1), 103 (note 1), 143 (note 33), 158 (note 33)

Critias [460–403] 191, 194, 200 (note 6), 205, 208, 214 (note 6)

Critolaüs / Critolaus [c. -150] 336, 342 (note 47), 350-351, 357 (note 47), 359, 377

Ctésias / Ctesias [born / né en -416] 197, 199-200, 203 (notes 34, 37), 211, 213-214, 217 (notes 34, 37), 231, 253, 269, 285, 434, 442 (note 19), 448-449, 457 (note 19), 591, 605

Cuvier Georges [1769–1832] 11-13, 15-17, 19-29, 31-42, 43, 45, 57 (notes 1, 5), 60 (notes 33, 39), 61 (note 39), 71 (note), 72 (note 5), 74 (note 33), 75 (note 39), 87-89 (note 14), 104-107 (note 14), 119 (note 26), 129 (note 26), 239 (note 36), 240 (notes 42-43), 261 (note 36), 262 (notes 42-43), 273 (note 1), 274 (note 6), 275 (notes 9, 12), 290 (note 1), 291 (notes 6, 9), 292 (note 12), 339 (note 15), 353 (note 15), 371 (note 37), 372 (note 54), 390 (note 37), 391 (note 54), 404 (note 9), 409 (note 63), 421 (note 9), 427 (note 63), 443 (note 44), 459 (note 44), 466 (note 4), 467 (notes 7, 17), 469 (note 38), 477 (note 4), 478 (notes 7, 17), 480 (note 38), 491 (note 19), 492 (note 33), 493 (note 38), 504 (note 19), 506 (notes 33-34), 542 (note 8), 554 (note 8), 563 (note 4), 569 (note 4), 649 (note 40), 661 (note 40), 689 (note 1), 695 (note 1)

Cuvier Georges Frédéric [1773–1838] 86 (note 5), 103 (note 9)

Cyrille d’Alexandrie / Cyril of Alexandria [c. 375–444] 591, 598 (note 1), 605, 613 (note 1)

Cyrus I er / Cyrus I [c. 610–c. 585] 55, 59 (note 25), 69, 73 (note 25), 77, 93, 340 (note 23), 354 (note 23)

Cyrus II [c. 550–486] 59 (note 25), 73 (note 25), 86 (note 6), 103 (note 6), 137, 152, 333, 340 (note 23), 347, 354 (note 23)

Cyrus le Grand / Cyrus II the Great cf. Cyrus II

Cyrus le Jeune / Cyrus the Younger [c. 423–401] 197, 199, 202 (notes 25-28), 211, 213, 216 (notes 25-28), 308 (note 24), 325 (note 24), 340 (note 23), 354 (note 23)

D

Dalechamp Jacques [1513–1588] 439, 443 (notes 37-38), 454, 458 (notes 37-38)

Damascius le Syrien / Damascius the Syrian cf. Daumascius

Damasus I [c. 305–c. 384] 440 (note 3), 455 (note 3)

Damatius Urbanus Marcus 592, 599 (note 8), 606, 613 (note 8)

Damis [c. 100] 537, 542 (note 10), 549, 554 (note 10)

Darius I er [c. 550–486] 118 (note 16), 128 (note 16), 138, 144 (note 39), 145 (note 42), 152, 160 (notes 39-42)

Darius II [died / mort en -405] 202 (notes 26-27), 203 (note 34), 216 (notes 26-27), 217 (note 34)

Darius le Grand / Darius the Great cf. Darius I er

Darwin Charles [1809–1882] 274 (note 1), 290 (note 1)

Daubenton Louis-Jean-Marie [1716–1800] 240 (note 39), 262 (note 39), 273 (note 1), 290 (note 1)

Daumas Maurice [1910-1984] 26, 39

Daumascius [c. 480–c. 550] 597, 602 (note 37), 611, 616 (note 37)

David cf. Charlemagne

Delambre Jean-Baptiste-Joseph [1749–1822] 61 (note 41), 75 (note 41), 81, 90 (note 17), 98, 107 (note 17)

Deluc Jean André [1727–1817] 115, 118 (note 22), 126, 128 (note 22)

Démétrius I er Poliorcète / Demetrius I Poliorcetes [336–283] 270, 277 (notes 26-27), 286, 293 (note 26), 294 (note 27), 365, 372 (note 46), 383, 390 (note 46)

Démétrius de Phalère / Demetrius Phalereus [c. 350–c. 280] 235 (note 19), 235 (note 19)

Démétrius de Scepse / Demetrius of Scepsis [born / né c. -205] 406 (note 32), 423 (note 32), 465, 476

Démocède / Democedes [born / né c. -558] 118 (note 16), 128 (note 16)

Démocrite [c. 460–c. 370] 145 (note 48), 161 (note 48), 168-170, 174 (notes 32-33), 182-184, 188 (notes32-33), 200, 214, 225, 247, 594, 608

Démocrite-d’Abdère / Democritus of Abdera cf. Démocrite

Démosthène / Demosthenes [384–322] 465, 469 (note 31), 475, 480 (note 31)

Démosthène / Demosthenes [died / mort en -413] 272, 278 (note 33), 288, 294 (note 33)

Denon Baron Dominique Vivant [1747–1825] 58 (note 12), 72 (note 12)

Dentatus Curtius [died / mort en -270] 365, 371 (note 45), 383, 390 (note 45)

Dentatus Manius Curius cf. Dentatus Curtius

Denys d’Halicarnasse [c. -20] 341 (note 35), 355 (note 35)

Descartes René [1596–1650] 192, 200 (note 7), 206, 214 (note 7), 688, 689 (note 4), 694, 695 (note 4)

Diard Pierre Médard [1794–1817] 231, 240 (notes 42-43), 253, 262 (notes 42-43), 484, 491 (note 13), 497, 504 (note 13)

Diocles cf. Dioclétien

Diocletianus Gaius Aurelius Valerius cf. Dioclétien

Dioclétien / Diocletian [c. 244–311] 87 (note 10), 104 (note 10), 535-536, 542 (notes 1, 3-5), 543 (note 15), 547-548, 554 (notes 1, 3-5), 555 (note 15), 593, 607

Diodore de Sicile / Diodorus Siculus [c. -45] 58 (note 18), 73 (note18), 80, 87 (note 12), 88 (note 14), 96, 104 (note 12), 105 (note 14), 117 (note 16), 128 (note 16), 139 (note 2), 150 (note 2), 145 (note 43), 160 (note 43), 309 (note 40), 326 (note 40), 397-398, 400-401, 405 (note 26), 414, 416, 418, 423 (note 26)

Diogène / Diogenes [c. + 530] 597, 611

Diogène d’Apollonie / Diogenes of Apollonia [c. -450] 171 (note 5), 186 (note 5)

Diogène de Babylone / Diogenes of Babylon the Stoic cf. Diogène du Portique

Diogène de Sinope / Diogenes of Sinope cf. Diogène le Cynique

Diogène du Portique [c. -150] 336, 342 (note 46), 350, 357 (note 46), 359, 377

Diogène Laërce / Diogenes Laërtius [c. 220] 58 (note 6), 72 (note 6), 173 (note 29), 174 (note 33), 188 (notes 29, 33), 226, 238 (note 31), 247, 260 (note 31), 273, 289

Diogène le Cynique [died / mort c. -320] 201 (note 11), 215 (note 11), 277 (note 23), 293 (note 23)

Dionisios Priants [c. + 150] 466 (note 3), 477 (note 3)

Dionysius Cassius [c. -88] 592, 600 (note 14), 606, 614 (note 14)

Dionysius of Halicarnassus cf. Denys d’Halicarnasse

Dionysius the Elder [c. 430–367] 436, 443

Diophane de Bithynie / Diophanes the Bithynian cf. Diophane de Nicée

Diophane de Nicée / Diophanes of Nicaea [c. -50] 592, 600 (note 15), 606, 614 (note 15)

Dioscoride [c. 40–c. 90] 339 (note 14), 353 (note 14), 403, 409 (notes 62-64), 420, 426 (note 62), 427 (notes 63-64), 438, 452-453, 510, 522, 561, 567, 620, 625 (notes 3, 13), 630, 635 (notes 3, 13)

Dioscorides Pedanius cf. Dioscoride

Doctor Mirabilis cf. Bacon Roger

Doctor Universalis cf. Albert le Grand

Dominic Saint cf. Saint Dominique

Domitianus Augustus Caesar cf. Domitien

Domitien / Domitian [51–96] 367, 373 (note 67), 385, 392 (note 67), 396, 412, 461, 466 (note 1), 471, 477 (note 1)

Domitius Gnaeus Calvinus [c. -50] 363, 370 (note 28), 381, 389 (note 28)

Dommers Vehling Joseph [1879–1950] 407 (note 43)

Domna Julia [170–217] 403 (note 1), 420 (note 1), 486, 492 (note 28), 498, 505 (note 28), 537, 542 (notes 8-9), 549, 554 (notes 8-9)

Drusus Germanicus Nero Claudius [38–9] 370 (note 29), 389 (note 29), 404 (note 2), 421 (note 2)

Duméril Constant [1774–1860] 11, 15

Duplan-Carpin Jean [c. 1182–1252] 643, 648 (note 26), 655, 660 (note 26)

Dupuis Charles François [1742–1809] 90 (note 19), 107 (note 19), 118 (note 21), 128 (note 21)

Duvaucel Alfred [1793–1825] 231, 240 (notes 42-43), 253, 262 (notes 42-43), 484, 491 (note 13), 497, 504 (note 13)

Duvernoy George-Louis [1777–1855] 11, 15

E

Édouard I er / Edward I [1239–1307] 664, 669 (note 10), 674, 679 (note 10)

Eginhart / Eginhard [c. 770–840] 623, 627 (note 37), 633, 637 (note 37)

Einhard cf. Eginhart

Elagabalus cf. Héliogabale

Élien de Preneste [175–235] 28, 41, 304, 320, 367, 385, 464, 466, 475, 483-485, 490 (notes 1-2), 491 (notes 15, 19-20), 495-497, 503 (notes 1-2), 504 (notes 15, 19-20), 535, 539, 547, 551, 592, 606

Élien le sophiste cf. Élien de Preneste

Empédocle / Empedocles [c. 490–430] 166, 170, 173 (notes 21, 24), 180, 184, 187 (notes 21, 24), 194, 199-200, 201 (note 20), 208, 213-214, 216 (note 20), 225, 247

Ennius Quintus [239–169 B. C.] 335, 341 (note 40), 350, 356 (note 40), 372 (note 50), 372 (note 50)

Éphore [c. 400–330] 406 (note 26), 423 (note 26)

Ephorus of Cyme cf. Éphore

Épicharme de Cos / Epicharmus of Cos [c. 530–c. 440] 166, 173 (note 25), 181, 187 (note 25)

Épicure / Epicurus [341–270] 222, 234 (note 4), 244, 256 (note 4), 261 (note 31), 278 (note 34), 294 (note 34), 360, 369 (note 5), 378, 387 (note 5)

Épiphane / Epiphanes [c. 215–164] 305, 321

Épiphane de Salamine [c. 315–403] 539, 544 (note 27), 551, 556 (note 27)

Epiphanius cf. Épiphane de Salamine

Érasistrate de Céos / Erasistratus of Ceos [c. -250] 230, 239 (note 38), 252, 261 (note 38), 303-305, 309 (notes 32-33, 37), 319-321, 325 (notes 32-33, 37), 510, 523

Ératosthène de Cyrène / Eratosthenes of Cyrene [c. 276–c. 194] 84, 91 (note 26), 101, 108 (note 26), 305, 321, 563 (note 1), 569 (note 1)

Ermite Pierre l’[c. 1050–1115] 640, 646 (note 5), 652, 658 (note 5)

Eschyle [c. 525–c. 455] 141 (note 19), 155 (note 19), 279 (note 37), 295 (note 37), 399, 415

Eubulus [c. 405–c. 335] 601 (note 34), 615 (note 34)

Euclide d’Alexandrie / Euclid of Alexandria [c. -300] 201 (note 10), 215 (note 10), 305, 321

Euclide de Mégare / Euclid of Megara [c. -400] 192-193, 201 (notes 10, 16), 206-207, 215 (notes 10, 16)

Eudoxe de Cnide / Eudoxus of Cnidus [c. 390–c. 340] 174 (note 35), 188 (note 35), 310 (note 54), 327 (note 54)

Eudoxie / Eudoxia [422–462] 576 (note 8), 584 (note 8)

Eulalius [died / mort en 423] 597, 601 (note 35), 611, 616 (note 35)

Eumène I er / Eumenes I [died / mort c. -241] 238 (note 26), 260 (note 26), 305, 311 (note 58), 322, 327 (note 58)

Eumène II / Eumenes II [died / mort c. -160] 305-306, 311 (note 57), 322, 327 (note 57)

Euphorbe / Euphorbus [c. -20] 397, 404 (note 14), 413, 421 (note 14)

Euripide / Euripides [c. 480–406] 141 (note19), 155 (note 19), 279 (note 37), 295 (note37), 408 (note 54), 426 (note 54), 599 (note 3), 613 (note 3)

Eurymède / Eurymedon [died / mort en -413] 238 (note 20), 260 (note 20)

Eurymède le Hiérophante / Eurymedon the Hierophant [c. -320] 224, 238 (note 20), 246, 260 (note 20)

Eusèbe de Césarée / Eusebius of Caesarea [c. 263–c. 339 / 340] 58 (note 16), 59 (note 23), 73 (notes 16, 23), 84, 87 (note 10), 90 (note 24), 101, 104 (note 10), 108 (note 24), 440 (note 3), 455 (note 3), 543 (note 22), 555 (note 22)

Eusebius Hieronymus cf. Saint Jérôme

Eusebius Pamphili cf. Eusèbe de Césarée

Eustachius Bartholomaeus [1524–1574] 172 (note 17), 173 (note 24), 186 (note 17), 187 (note 24)

Eusthate d’Antioche / Eustathius the Great of Antioch [died / mort c. 337] 539, 543 (note 22), 544 (note 24), 551, 555 (note 22), 556 (note 24)

Eusthate de Thessalonique / Eustathius of Thessalonica [died / mort c. 1195] 141 (note 19), 156 (note 19), 591, 605

Euthydème d’Athènes / Euthydemus of Athens [c. -420] 302, 308 (note 23), 318, 325 (note 23)

Euthydème de Bactrie / Euthydemus I of Bactria [c. -210] 308 (note 23), 325 (note 23)

Eutrope / Eutropius [died / mort en 399] 576 (note 8), 584 (note 8)

F

Fabricius ab Aquapendente Hieronymus [1537–1619] 303, 309 (note 38), 320, 326 (note 38), 515, 518 (note 25), 527, 531 (note 25)

Fallope Gabriele / Fallopius Gabriello [c. 1523–1562] 173 (note 24), 187 (note 24)

Fauchet Claude [1530–1602] 627 (note 34), 637 (note 34)

Ferdinand II [1452–1516] 671 (note 29), 681 (note 29)

Fichte Johann Gottlieb [1762–1814] 138, 145 (note 47), 153, 160 (note 47)

Fieschi Sinibaldo cf. Innocent IV

Filimer 575 (note 1), 584 (note 1)

Flacilla Aelia [died / mort en 385] 576 (note 6), 584 (note 6)

Flaminius Gaius [died / mort en-217] 366, 373 (note 59), 384, 391 (note 59)

Flor Roger de [1267–1305] 600 (note 18), 614 (note 18)

Florent IV / Floris IV [1210–1234] 669 (note 4), 679 (note 5)

Fontanarossa Susanna [c. 1450] 671 (note 29), 681 (note 29)

Foulques Gui cf. Clément IV

Francesco cf. François d’Assise

Francis I cf. François I er

Francis of Angoulême cf. François I er

François d’Assise / Francis of Assisi [1181 / 1182–1226] 643, 647 (notes 18-20), 655, 659 (notes 18-20)

François I er [1494–1547] 485, 491 (note 21), 497, 504 (note 21)

Franz Johan Georg Friedrich cf. Franzius

Franzius [1737–1789] 439, 443 (note 39), 454, 458 (note 39)

Frédégaire / Fredegarius [c. 660] 622, 627 (note 34), 633, 637 (note 34)

Frédéric 1 er / Frederick I [c. 1123–1190] 642, 647 (note 14), 654, 659 (note 14)

Frédéric Barberousse cf. Frédéric 1 er

Frédéric II / Frederick II [1194–1250] 644, 648 (note 27), 649 (notes 36-37), 656, 660 (note 27), 661 (notes 36-37), 664, 674

Frédéric III / Frederick III [c. 1123–1190] 647 (note 14), 659 (note 14)

Frédéric VI / Frederick VI [1194–1250] 649 (note 36), 661 (note 36)

Frederick I Barbarossa cf. Frédéric 1 er

Fritigern [c. 380] 575 (note 4), 584 (note 4)

Fulcodi Guido cf. Clément IV

Fulvius Marcus [fl. c. 195 / 169] 365, 372 (note 50), 383, 390 (note 50)

Fust Jean / Fust Johann [c. 1400–1466] 666-667, 671 (notes 24-25), 677, 681 (notes 24-25)

G

Gaius Caesar cf. Caligula

Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus cf. Caligula

Galba [-3–+69] 367, 373 (note 64), 385, 392 (note 64), 395, 404 (note 5), 411, 421 (note 5)

Galba Caesar Augustus Servius cf. Galba

Galba Servius Sulpicius cf. Galba

Galerius [died / mort en 311] 536, 542 (note 4), 548, 554 (note 4)

Galien de Pergame / Galen of Pergamum [129–c. 200] 28, 41, 84, 90 (note 22), 101, 108 (note 22), 114, 117 (note 15), 125, 128 (note 15), 304, 309 (note 39), 310 (note 43), 320, 326 (notes 39, 43), 403, 420, 468 (note 27), 479 (note 27), 490, 502-503, 509-517, 517 (notes 1, 3), 518 (notes 14-15, 22, 26-28), 519 (note 31), 521-529, 529 (notes 1, 3), 530 (notes 14-15, 22), 531 (notes 26-28,31), 535, 539, 547, 551, 562, 568, 597-598, 599 (note 2), 611-612, 613 (note 2), 620-621, 625 (note 13), 630-631, 635 (note 13), 645, 646 (note 2), 657, 658 (note 2), 686, 688, 692, 694

Galilée / Galileo [1564–1642] 239 (note 32), 261 (note 32), 441 (note 16), 456 (note 16)

Gall Franz Joseph [1758–1828] 276 (note 14), 292 (note 14)

Gallonius [c. -150] 362, 370 (note 20), 380, 388 (note 20)

Gallus Gaius Cornelius [c. 70–26] 398, 406 (note 30), 414, 423 (note 30)

Gargilius Martialis 539, 544 (note 31), 551, 556 (note 31)

Gau François Chrétien [1790–1854] 114, 117 (note 13), 124, 127 (note 13)

Gaza Théodore [c. 1398–c. 1475] 268, 276 (note 15), 284, 292 (note 15)

Geber cf. Abu Musa

Gédéon 665, 670 (note 17), 675, 680 (note 17)

Genghis Khan [c. 1155–1227] 643, 648 (note 23), 655, 660 (note 23)

Geoffroy-Saint-Hilaire Étienne [1772–1844] 19, 22, 31, 34, 86 (note 9), 104 (note 9), 202 (note 24), 216 (note 24), 274 (note 2), 290 (note 2), 400, 407 (note 40), 416, 424 (note 40)

George le Syncelle / George the Syncellus [died / mort c. 810] 87 (notes 10, 14), 104 (note 10), 105 (note 14)

George the Pisidian cf. Pisides Georges

Georgius Florentius cf. Grégoire de Tours

Gérard de Crémone / Gerard of Cremona [1113 / 1114–1187] 625 (notes 14-15), 635 (notes 14-15)

Gerbert d’Aurillac / Gerbert of Aurillac cf. Sylvestre II

Gerbert de Reims / Gerbert of Reims cf. Sylvestre II

Germanicus Caesar [-15–+19] 311 (note 54), 327 (note 54), 366-367, 373 (note 60), 385, 391 (note 60)

Gesner Johan Matthias [1691–1761] 544 (note 31), 556 (note 31)

Gessner Conrad / Gessner Konrad [1516–1565] 434, 442 (note 18), 448, 457 (note 18), 544 (note 31), 556 (note 31)

Geta [died / mort en 212] 492 (note 28), 505 (note 28)

Ghebert-ibn-Moussa-Djaffa-al-Suficf. Abu Musa

Gideon cf. Gédéon

Gilbert William [1544–1603] 518 (note 26), 531 (note 26)

Gilles Pierre cf. Alby Pierre

Giovanni cf. François d’Assise

Gmelin Johann Friedrich [1748–1804] 435, 442 (note 28), 450, 458 (note 28)

Gmelin Johann Georg [1709–1755] 442 (note 28), 458 (note 28)

Gmelin Samuel Gottlieb [1745–1774] 442 (note 28), 458 (note 28)

Gordien I / Gordianus I [c. 157–238] 368, 374 (note 83), 386, 393 (note 83)

Gordien II / Gordianus II [c. 192–238] 374 (note 84), 393 (note 84)

Gordien III / Gordianus III [225–244] 368, 374 (notes 79, 84), 386, 393 (notes 79, 84)

Gottschalk Hans [1904–1981] 238 (note 25), 260 (note 25)

Grandsagne Jean-baptiste François Étienne Ajasson de [1802–1845] 440, 443 (note 44), 455, 459 (note 44), 485, 491 (notes 18-19), 497, 504 (notes 18-19)

Gratianus Augustus Flavius cf. Gratien

Gratien / Gratian [359–383] 540, 544 (note 34), 552, 556 (note 34), 571, 579

Grattius Faliscus 492 (note 27), 505 (note 27), 543 (note14), 555 (note 14)

Grégoire de Tours / Gregory of Tours [c. 538–594] 622, 626 (note 33), 627 (note 34), 633, 637 (notes 33-34)

Grégoire VII / Gregory VII [c. 1020–1085] 52, 58 (note 7), 66, 72 (note 7)

Grégoire X / Gregory X [1210–1276] 670 (note 14), 680 (note 14)

Grégoire XIII / Gregory XIII [1502–1585] 359, 369 (note 4), 377, 387 (note 4), 665, 670 (note 15), 675, 680 (note 15)

Guarnerius cf. Hirnerius

Guillaume de Hollande [1228–1256] 663, 669 (note 4), 673, 679 (note 5)

Guillaume de Tyr [c. 1130–1185] 641, 646 (note 12), 653, 659 (note 12)

Guillaume IX duc d’Aquitaine [1071–1126] 647 (note 22), 660 (note 22)

Gutenberg Johannes [c. 1390–1468] 666, 670 (note 23), 671 (notes 24-25), 676, 681 (notes 23-25)

Gyllius Petrus cf. Alby Pierre

H

Hadrian / Hadrien cf. Adrien

Haller Albrecht von [1708–1777] 512, 518 (note 18), 524, 530 (note 18), 621, 631

Haly Abbas [died / mort c. 990] 646 (note 2), 658 (note 2)

Hannibal [247–183 / 182] 340 (note 31), 355 (note 31), 373 (note 59), 391 (note 59), 467 (note 19), 478 (note 19), 600 (note 13), 614 (note 13)

Hannon / Hanno [c. -450] 334, 340 (notes 26-29), 348, 355 (notes 26-29), 366, 384, 561, 567

Hardouin Jean [1646–1729] 439, 443 (note 38), 454, 458 (note 38)

Hareth-ebn Keldat 597, 602 (note 40), 611, 616 (note 40)

Haroun-al-Raschild [766 / 763–809] 598, 602 (note 45), 612, 616 (note 45), 619-620, 624 (note 1), 630, 634 (note 1)

Harun ar-Rashid ibn Muhammad al-Mahdi ibn al-Mansur al-’Abbasi cf. Haroun-al-Raschild

Harvey William [1578–1657] 303, 309 (notes 31, 38), 319-320, 325 (note 31), 326 (note 38), 515, 518 (note 26), 527, 531 (note 26)

Hasdrubal [245–207] 340 (note 31), 355 (note 31), 372 (note 48), 390 (note 48), 600 (note 13), 614 (note 13)

Hégias / Hegias [c. 490] 602 (note 38), 616 (note 38)

Héliogabale [204–222] 368, 374 (note 82), 386, 393 (note 82), 436, 443 (note 29), 450, 458 (note 29)

Heliogabalus cf. Héliogabale

Hellanicus de Mytilène / of Mytilene [c. 490–405] 142 (note 19), 157 (note 19)

Henri III de France / Henry III of France [1551–1589] 91 (note 30), 109 (note 30)

Henri IV de France / Henry IV of France [1553–1610] 85, 91 (note 30), 102, 109 (note 30)

Henri IV empereur / Henry IV emperor [1050–1106] 58 (note 7), 72 (note 7)

Henry II d’Angleterre / Henry II of England [1133–1189] 646 (note 6), 647 (note 16), 658 (note 6), 659 (note 16)

Henry III d’Angleterre / Henry III of England [1207–1272] 664, 669 (notes 9-10), 674, 679 (notes 9-10)

Heracleitus cf. Héraclite

Héraclite / Heraclitus [c. 535–c. 475] 164, 168, 172 (note 6), 178, 182, 186 (notes 6-7), 302, 318

Héraclius / Heraclius [610–641] 599 (note 3), 613 (note 3)

Herennius Sévère / Herennius Severus [fl. c. 120 / 130] 59 (note 23), 73 (note 23)

Héricy comte d’ / Hericy Count d’19, 31

Hermias d’Atarnée / Hermeias of Atarneus [c. -350] 223, 234 (note 5, 7, 9), 245, 256 (notes 5, 7, 9), 597, 601 (note 34), 611, 615-616 (note 34)

Hermocrate / Hermocrates [died / mort c. -408] 194, 201 (note 18), 208, 215 (note 18)

Herodianus of Syria cf. Hérodien

Hérodien / Herodian [c. 170–240] 368, 374 (note 79), 386, 392 (note 79)

Hérodote / Herodotus [c. 484–c. 425] 55, 57, 58 (note 13), 69, 71, 72 (note 13), 80, 86 (note 8), 96, 103 (note 8), 113, 117 (note 9), 118 (note 16), 123, 127 (note 9), 128 (note 16), 139 (note 4), 141 (note 19), 142 (note 25), 143-144 (note 33), 145 (note 43), 154 (note 4), 155 (note 19), 157 (note 25), 158-159 (note 33), 160 (note 43), 170, 184, 197-198, 203 (note 34), 211-212, 217 (note 34), 223, 232, 245, 254, 341 (note 35), 355 (note 35), 367, 386, 465, 469 (note 32), 475, 480 (note 32), 561, 567

Hérophile / Herophilus [c. 335–c. 280] 230, 239 (note 37), 252, 261 (note 37), 303-304, 309 (notes 27, 30), 319-320, 325 (notes 27, 30)

Herpyllis de Stagire / Herpyllis of Stagira [c. -340] 234 (note 7), 256 (note 7)

Hésiode / Hesiod [c. 750–650] 86 (note 1), 103 (note 1), 136-137, 144 (note 35), 151, 159 (note 35)

Heyne Christian Gottlob [1729–1812] 141 (note 19), 156 (note 19)

Hiéron II / Hieron II [c. 308–215] 563 (note 1), 569 (note 1)

Hiéronyme de Cardie / Hieronymus of Cardia [354–250] 55, 58 (note 18), 69, 73 (note 18), 406 (note 26), 423 (note 26)

Hildebrand cf. Grégoire VII

Hipparchos cf. Hipparque de Rhodes

Hipparque de Rhodes / Hipparchus of Rhodes [190–c. 120] 305, 310 (note 53), 321, 327 (note 53)

Hippocrate / Hippocrates [c. 460–c. 377] 136, 142 (note 30), 150, 157 (note 30), 169-170, 174 (notes 36-37), 183-184, 188 (notes 36-37), 191, 197-199, 202 (note 31), 205, 211-213, 217 (note 31), 225, 230-231, 247, 252-253, 302-303, 309 (note 27), 318-319, 325 (note 27), 402, 409 (note 60), 419, 426 (note 60), 490, 503, 511, 515, 517 (note 2), 518 (note 27), 519 (note 30), 523, 527, 529 (note 2), 531 (notes 27, 30), 562, 568, 620, 625 (note 13), 630, 635 (note 13), 645, 646 (note 2), 657, 658 (note 2)

Hirnerius [c. 1055–c. 1125] 642, 647 (note 15), 654, 659 (note 15)

Hirpinus Fulvius [c. 50] 361, 363, 369 (note 10), 379, 381, 387 (note 10)

Hirrius Gaius 370 (note 26), 388 (note 26)

Hirtius Aulus [c. 90–c. 43] 369 (note 16), 388 (note 16)

Homère / Homer [c. -700] 55, 58 (note 15), 69, 72 (note 15), 85, 86 (note 1), 102, 103 (note1), 135-137, 139 (note 4), 140 (note 8), 141 (note 19), 142 (notes 20, 32), 143 (note 33), 144 (note 35), 150-151, 154 (notes 4, 8), 156 (note 19), 157 (notes 20, 32), 158 (note 33), 159 (note 35), 169, 172 (note 12), 183, 186 (note 12), 233, 241 (note 48), 255, 263 (note 48), 305, 322, 397, 406 (note 32), 413, 423 (note 32), 440 (note 6), 455 (note 6), 464, 469 (note 40), 474, 480 (note 40), 484, 490 (note 1), 496, 503 (note 1)

Honain / Honein [died / mort en 873] 620, 625 (note 13), 630, 635 (note 13)

Honorius Flavius [384–423] 571-572, 576 (notes 6-7, 14-15), 579-580, 584 (notes 6-7), 585 (notes 14-15), 601 (note 35), 616 (note 35)

Honorius IV [c. 1210–1287] 670 (note 14), 680 (note 14)

Horace [65–8] 370 (notes 17, 20), 388 (notes 17, 20)

Hortensius Hortalus Quintus [114–50] 361-363, 369 (note 12), 370 (note 26), 379-381, 387 (note 12), 389 (note 26)

Hsiang de Lu / Hsiang of Lu [232–202] 60 (note 30), 74 (note 30)

Hypathie / Hypatia [c. 370–415] 60 (note 39), 75 (note 39)

Hyrcan I er / Hyrcanus I [died / mort en -104] 407 (note 39), 424 (note 39)

I

Iamblichus cf. Jamblique

Ibn Zuhr cf. Abenzoar

Ibn at-Tufayl [c. 1105–1185] 626 (note 27), 636 (note 27)

Ibn Masawaih cf. Mésué le Vieux

Ibn Rushd cf. Averroès

Ibn Sina cf. Avicenne

Ibn Taitor of Malaga cf. Taitor Ebn

Ibn-Abu-Osaiba 603 (note 48), 617 (note 48)

Ikhnaton cf. Aménophis IV

Ingrassias Giovanni Filippo [1510–1580] 172 (note 17), 186 (note 17)

Innocent III [1160 / 1161–1216] 647 (note 22), 660 (note 22)

Innocent IV [c. 1195–1254] 643, 648 (note 27), 655, 660 (note 27)

Irnerius cf. Hirnerius

Irrius Marius cf. Hirrius Gaius

Isabelle I ère / Isabella I [1451–1504] 671 (note 29), 681 (note 29)

Isidore d’Alexandrie / Isidore of Alexandria [c. 480] 597, 602 (notes 37-38), 611, 616 (notes 37-38)

Isidore de Séville / Isidore of Seville [c. 560–636] 622, 626 (note 31), 632, 636 (note 31)

Isidorus Hispalensis cf. Isidore de Séville

Isocrate / Isocrates [436–338] 490 (note 1), 503 (note 1)

J

Jabir cf. Abu Musa

Jabir ibn Hayyan cf. Abu Musa

Jabril ibn Bukhtishu [c. 800] 625 (note 11), 635 (note 11)

Jafar ibn Mohammed / Ja’far ibn Muhammad [702–765] 624 (note 1), 635 (note 1)

Jamblique [c. 250–c. 330] 594, 601 (note 25), 608, 615 (note 25)

Janssen Hans [fl. c. 1600 / 1630] 274 (note 3), 291 (note 3)

Janssen Zacharias [1580–1638] 274 (note 3), 291 (note 3)

Jason de Phères / Jason of Pherae [died / mort c. -370] 234 (note 2), 256 (note 2)

Jenghiz Khan cf. Gengis Khan

Jésus-Christ [c. -5–c. + 33] 537, 539, 669 (note 5), 549, 551, 679 (note 4)

Jordanès / Jordanes [c. 550] 575 (note 1), 584 (note 1)

Josèphe Flavius / Josephus Flavius [c. 37–c. 100] 58 (note 16), 73 (note 16), 87 (note 10), 104 (note 10), 304, 310 (note 42), 320, 326 (note 42), 407 (note 39), 424 (note 39), 577 (note 29), 586 (note 29)

Josephus Titus Flavius cf. Josèphe Flavius

Juba I of Numidia [c. 85–46] 600, 614 (note 16)

Juba II de Numidie / Juba of Numidia [c. -52–c. + 23] 277 (note 23), 293 (note 23), 404 (note 14), 421 (note 14), 592, 600 (note 16), 606614 (note 16)

Juba of Mauritania cf. Juba II de Numidie

Jules César [100–44] 237, 259, 338 (notes 2, 6-8), 340 (note 24), 352 (notes 2, 6-8), 354 (note 24), 359, 363, 366, 369 (note 2), 370 (note 25), 371 (note 31), 377, 381, 384, 387 (note 2), 388 (note 25), 389 (note 31), 405 (note 26), 423 (note 26), 440 (note 2), 455 (note 2), 577 (note 28), 586 (note 28)

Julianus Apostata cf. Julien l’Apostat

Julie impératrice cf. Domna Julia

Julien l’Apostat / Julian the Apostate [331 / 332–363] 539, 544 (notes 28-29), 551, 556 (notes 28-29), 599 (note 2), 613 (note 2)

Julius Africanus Sextus [c. 180–c. 250] 87 (note 10), 104 (note 10)

Julius Caesar cf. Jules César

Justin II le Jeune / Justin II the Younger [died / mort en 578] 572, 577 (note 26), 580, 586 (note 26)

Justinian I the Great cf. Justinien

Justinianus Flavius cf. Justinien

Justinien [483–565] 235 (note 14), 257 (note 14), 368, 375 (note 90), 386, 393 (note 90), 535, 542 (note 2), 547, 554 (note 2), 572, 577 (notes 21-22, 26), 580, 586 (notes 21-22, 26), 597, 598 (note 2), 602 (note 37), 611, 613 (note 2), 616 (note 37)

Juvénal / Juvenal [c. 55 / 60–c. 127] 400, 416, 435, 442 (note 23), 449, 457 (note 23), 461, 466 (note 1), 471, 477 (note 1)

Juvenalis Decimus Junius cf. Juvénal

K

Khéops [c. 2613–2494] 61 (note 44), 75 (note 44)

Khosrow Anushirvan cf. Chosroès

Khosrow cf. Chosroès

Khosrow I the Just cf. Chosroès

Khufu cf. Khéops

Kreutzer cf. Creuzer Georg Friedrich

Kublai Khan [1215–1294] 599 (note 5), 613 (note 5)

La Bruyère Jean de [1645–1696] 273, 278 (note 35), 279 (note 38), 289, 295 (notes 35, 38)

L

Lacepède Bernard Germain Étienne de la Ville [1756–1826] 240 (note 39), 262 (note 39), 407 (note 40), 424 (note 40)

Lagus [c. -350] 235 (note 18), 257 (note 18)

Lamartine Alphonse de [1790–1869] 492 (note 33), 506 (note 33)

Lat[h] yre / Lathyrus cf. Ptolémée IX Soter II

Lavoisier Antoine [1743–1794] 670 (note 19), 680 (note 19)

Leclerc Lucien [born / né en 1816] 309 (note 34), 325 (note 34)

Lee Robert 22, 35

Lee Sarah Bowdich [1791–1856] 22-23, 35

Leeuwenhoek Antonie van [1632–1723] 274 (note 3), 290 (note 3)

Leibni[t] z Baron Gottfried Wilhelm von [1646–1716] 196, 202 (note 22), 210, 216 (note 22)

Lelièvre [c. 1800] 300, 308 (note 16), 317, 324 (note 16)

Lemaire Nicolas Éloi [1767–1832] 439, 443 (note 40), 454, 459 (note 40)

Lentulus Publius Cornelius [died / mort en -63] 365, 372 (note 53), 383, 391 (note 53)

Lépide Marc Émile / Lepidus Marcus Aemilius [died / mort c. -152] 305, 310 (note 48), 321, 326 (note 48)

Letronne Antoine Jean [1787–1848] 61 (note 45), 75 (note 45)

Leucippe / Leucippus [c. -450] 139, 145 (note 48), 153, 161 (note 48), 168, 174 (note 32), 182, 188 (note 32)

Leutharis [c. 550] 577 (note 25), 586 (note 25)

Liberalis Antoninus [c. 200] 339 (note 16), 354 (note 16)

Licinius [c. 263–325] 364, 382

Licinius Largius [c. 50] 433, 441 (note 14), 447, 456 (note 14)

Linnaeus Carolus cf. Linné Carl

Linné Carl [1707–1778] 229-230, 233, 239 (note 34), 251-252, 255, 261 (note 34), 299, 315, 437, 441 (note 17), 443 (note 33), 452, 456 (note 17), 458 (note 33), 469 (note 38), 480 (note 38), 485, 491 (note 17), 497, 504 (note 17)

Lion-Heart cf. Louis VIII

Lippershey Hans [1570–1619] 274 (note 3), 291 (note 3)

Livy / Livius [-59–+17] 342 (note 42), 356 (note 42)

Lollie Pauline / Lollia Paulina [died / mort en 49] 431, 440 (note 5), 445, 455 (note 5)

Longchamp 308 (note 12), 324 (note 12)

Longshanks Edward cf. Édouard I er

Lorris Guillaume de [c. 1200–1240] 671 (note 28), 681 (note 28)

Lothaire de Sègne / Lothair of Segni [1160 / 61–1216] 647 (note 22), 660 (note 22)

Lothaire I er / Lothair I [795–855] 624, 627 (notes 41-42), 634, 637 (notes 41-42)

Louis Cœur de Lion cf. Louis VIII

Louis I er le Pieux [778–840] 624, 627 (note 41), 634, 637 (note 41)

Louis IX [1214–1270] 640, 644, 646, 648 (notes 29, 32), 652, 656, 660 (note 29), 661 (note 32), 664, 670 (note 12), 674, 680 (note 12)

Louis le débonnaire cf. Louis I er le Pieux

Louis Le Jeune cf. Louis VII

Louis the Lion cf. Louis VIII

Louis the Pious cf. Louis I er le Pieux

Louis the Younger cf. Louis VII

Louis VII [c. 1120–1180] 640, 646 (note 6), 652, 658 (note 6)

Louis VIII [1187–1226] 664, 669 (note 11), 674, 680 (note 11)

Louis XII [1462–1515] 85, 91 (note 28), 102, 109 (note 28)

Lucain / Lucan [39–65] 331, 338 (note 5), 345, 352 (note 5), 395, 404 (note 3), 411, 421 (note 3)

Lucanus Marcus Annaeus cf. Lucain

Lucian / Lucianus / Lucianos cf. Lucien de Samosate

Lucien de Samosate [born / né c. 120] 396, 404 (note 10), 412, 421 (note 10), 462, 472

Lucinus cf. Lucien de Samosate

Lucius Vitellius cf. Vitellius Aulus

Lucomo cf. Tarquin l’Ancien

Lucrèce / Lucretia [c. -550] 341 (note 38), 356 (note 38)

Lucrèce / Lucretius [c. -50] 170, 174 (note 42), 184, 188 (note 42), 359-360, 369 (note 5), 377-378, 387 (note 5)

Lucullus Lucius Licinius [c. 117–58 / 56] 362, 364, 369 (note 14), 370 (notes 23, 26), 380, 382, 388 (notes 14, 23), 389 (note 26)

Lucus Sempronius cf. Sempronius Lucus

Lyell Charles [1797–1875] 12, 16

Lysandre / Lysander [died / mort en -395] 175 (note 44), 189 (note 44)

Lysimaque / Lysimachus [c. 360–281] 277 (notes 23, 26-28), 293 (note 23), 294 (notes 26-28), 372 (note 46), 390 (note 46)

M

Macedonicus Paullus cf. Paul-Émile le Macédonien

Macer Emilius [c. -50] 464, 468 (notes 25-26), 474, 479 (notes 25-26)

Macrinus [c. 165–218] 492 (note 28), 505 (note 28)

Macrobe / Macrobius [c. 400] 540, 545 (notes 38, 40), 552, 557 (notes 38, 40)

Macrobius Aurelius Ambrosius Theodosius cf. Macrobe

Maesa Julia [died / morte en 217] 492 (note 28), 505 (note 28)

Magdeleine de Saint-Agy 13, 16, 24-25, 27-29, 37-38, 40, 42, 43, 45, 374 (note 80), 393 (note 80)

Magnus the Great cf. Pompée le Grand

Magon / Mago [died / mort c. -203] 334, 340 (note 31), 348, 355 (note 31), 592, 600 (notes 13-14), 606, 614 (notes 13-14)

Mahomet [c. 570–632] 58 (note 11), 72 (note 11), 88 (note 14), 105 (note14), 595-596, 598, 601 (note26, 28, 30-31), 609-612, 615 (notes 26, 28, 30-31), 643, 655

Malchus cf. Porphyre

Mamûm [786–833] 598, 602 (note 46), 612, 617 (note 46)

Mandeville Jean de [c. 1350] 644, 648 (note 35), 656, 661 (note 35)

Manéthon / Manetho [c. -250] 55, 58 (note 16), 59 (notes 20, 23), 69, 73 (notes 20, 23), 80, 84-85, 86 (notes 8, 10), 87 (note 14), 91 (note 25), 96, 101-102, 103 (note 8), 104 (note 10), 105 (note 14), 108 (note 25)

Mangu cf. Mengko

Manoncourt Charles Nicolas Sigisbert Sonnini de [1751–1812] 240 (note 39), 262 (note 39)

Mansur ibn Ishaq [c. 900] 625 (note 15), 635 (note 15)

Marc Antoine [143–87] 370 (note 27), 389 (note 27)

Marc Antoine [82 / 81–30] 332, 337, 338 (note 7), 340 (note 24), 346, 351, 352 (note 7), 354 (note 24), 366, 370 (notes 16, 27), 384, 388 (note 16), 389 (note 27), 406 (note 32), 424 (note 32)

Marc-Aurèle / Marcus Aurelius [121–180] 57, 61 (note 48), 71, 75 (note 48), 368, 374 (note 77), 386, 392 (note 77), 461, 464, 472, 475, 485, 491 (note 22), 497, 505 (note 22), 510, 513, 517 (note 10), 522, 525, 530 (note 10), 535, 547

Marcellin Ammien / Marcellinus Ammianus [c. 330–395] 540, 544 (note 35), 552, 556 (note 35)

Marcellus Marcus Claudius [c. 268–208] 563 (note 1), 569 (note 1)

Marcius Ancus [died / mort en -578] 341 (note 38), 356 (note 38)

Marco Paolo cf. Polo Marco

Marcus Annius Verus cf. Marc-Aurèle

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Caesar cf. Caracalla Antonin

Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus cf. Caracalla Antonin

Marinus de Néapolis / Marinus of Neapolis [c. 450] 602 (note 38), 616 (note 38)

Marius Gaius [157–86] 341(note 37), 356 (note 37)

Martel Charles [686–741] 596, 601 (note 29), 610, 615 (note 29), 623, 627 (note 35), 633, 637 (note 35), 640-641, 646 (note 4), 652-653, 658 (note 4)

Martial [c. 41–c. 103] 367, 373 (note 69), 385, 392 (note 69), 461, 466 (notes 3-4), 471, 477 (notes 3-4)

Martialis Marcus Valerius cf. Martial

Martin IV [1210 / 1220–1285] 670 (note 14), 680 (note 14) Martius Ancus cf. Marcius Ancus

Masawaih al-Mardini cf. Mésué le Jeune

Masawaiyh cf. Mésué le Vieux

Masci Girolamo cf. Nicolas IV

Massinissa / Masinissa [c. 240–148] 561, 563 (note 6), 567, 569 (note 6)

Matthias Joseph Ben cf. Josèphe Flavius

Maximianus Gaius Galerius Valerius cf. Maximien

Maximianus Marcus Aurelius Valerius cf. Maximien

Maximien / Maximian [died / mort en 310] 536, 542 (note 3), 548, 554 (note 3)

Mazois Charles François [1783–1826] 117 (note 13), 128 (note 13)

Mégasthènes / Megasthenes [c. 350–c. 290] 304, 309 (note 40), 320, 326 (note 40), 399, 416, 542 (note 12), 554 (note 12)

Mela Pomponius [c. 43] 398, 400, 406 (note 33), 407 (note 42), 415, 416, 424 (note 33), 425 (note 42)

Méléagre / Meleager [c. -100] 397, 405 (note 17), 413, 422 (note 17), 563 (note 5), 569 (note 5)

Memnon / Memno [c. -300] (223, 245

Ménéclès / Menecles [c. -100] 369 (note 1), 387 (note 1)

Ménédème d’Érétrie / Menedemus of Eretria [c. 339–265] 272, 279 (note 36), 289, 295 (note 36)

Ménédème de Pyrrhe / Menedemus of Pyrrha [c. -350] 279 (note 36), 295 (note 36)

Ménès / Menes [c. -2925] 80, 86 (note 8), 96, 103 (note 8)

Mengko [1208–1259] 643-644, 648 (note 25), 655-656, 660 (note 25)

Mesmer Franz Anton [1734–1815] 374 (note 80), 393 (note 80)

Mésué le Jeune [died / mort en 1015] 621, 626 (note 22), 631, 636 (note 22)

Mésué le vieux [777–857] 621, 625 (note 11), 625, 635 (note 11)

Mesue the Elder cf. Mésué le Vieux

Mesue the Younger cf. Mésué le Jeune

Métellus [died / mort en -221] 365, 372 (note 48), 383, 390 (note 48)

Metellus Lucius Caecilius cf. Métellus

Michael IX Palaeologus cf. Michel Paléologue

Michel Paléologue [1277–1320] 592, 600 (note 18), 606, 614 (note 18)

Miltiade le Jeune / Miltiades the Younger [c. 554–c. 489] 170, 174 (note 38), 184, 188 (note 38)

Mithradates VI Eupator the Great cf. Mithridate VI Eupator

Mithridate le Grand cf. Mithridate VI Eupator

Mithridate VI Eupator (died 63 B. C.) 142 (note 25), 157 (note 25), 238 (note 29), 260 (note 29), 332, 339 (notes 13-14), 346, 353 (notes 13-14), 370 (note 23), 372 (note 55), 388 (note 23), 393 (note 55), 438, 443 (note 35), 453, 458 (note 35), 467 (note 19), 478 (note 19), 561, 567 Moïse [c. 1391–1271] 51, 55, 57, 66, 69, 71, 111, 115-116, 118 (notes 20, 23), 121, 125-126, 128 (notes 20, 23), 594, 608, 685, 691

Mondino dei Luzzi cf. Mundinus

Mongèz Antoine [1747–1835] 364, 371 (note 44), 382, 390 (note 44)

Möngke cf. Mengko

Möngke Khan cf. Mengko

Montbeillard Philibert Guéneau de [1720–1785] 240 (note 39), 262 (note 39)

Montesquieu Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède et de [1689–1755] 85, 91 (note 29), 102, 109 (note 29), 222, 234 (note 1), 244, 256 (note 1), 492 (note 33), 506 (note 33)

Montlosier comte de [1755–1838] 201 (note 21), 216 (note 21)

Montucla Jean-Étienne [1725–1799] 26, 39

Moses cf. Moïse

Motawakhel [died / mort en 861] 598, 602 (note 47), 612, 617 (note 47)

Muhammad cf. Mahomet

Mummius Lucius [c. -150] 336, 342 (note 49), 351, 357 (note 49)

Mundinus [c. 1270–c. 1326] 621, 626 (note 23), 631, 636 (note 23)

Murena Lucius Licinius (fl. 1st century B. C.) 362, 370 (note 21), 380, 388 (note 21)

Musa Antonius [c. -23] 397, 404 (note 12), 413, 421 (note 12)

Mutawwakil cf. Motawakhel

N

Nabuchodonosor II [c. 634–562] 86 (note 5), 103 (note 5)

Napoléon I er [1769–1821] 12, 16, 26, 38, 58 (note 12), 72 (note 12), 117 (note 12), 127 (note 12), 407 (notes 40-41), 424 (notes 40-41)

Narsès / Narses [c. 478–573] 572, 577 (notes 22, 25), 580-581, 586 (notes 22, 25)

Néarque / Nearchus [died / mort c. -312] 270, 276 (note 22), 277 (note 23), 286, 293 (notes 22-23), 334, 348, 399, 416, 463, 467 (note 16), 474, 478 (note 16)

Nebuchadrezzar II cf. Nabuchodonosor II

Neferkheperure Amenhotep cf. Aménophis IV

Néléus de Scepsis / Neleus of Scepsis [c. -250] 225, 238 (notes 25, 28), 247, 260 (notes 25, 28), 270, 287

Nemesianus Marcus Aurelius Olympius cf. Némésien

Némésien [c. 280] 492 (note 27), 505 (note 27), 538, 543 (note 14), 550, 555 (note 14)

Némésius d’Émèse / Nemesius of Emesa [c. 380] 539, 544 (note 26), 551, 556 (note 26)

Nero cf. Néron

Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus cf. Néron

Nero Tiberius Claudius cf. Tibère

Néron [37–68] 56, 59, 61, 395, 402-403, 404 (note 2), 408, 409, 411, 421 (note 2), 431, 432, 686

Nerva [c. 30–98] 461, 466 (note 1), 467 (note 6), 472, 477 (note 1), 477 (note 6)

Nerva Caesar Augustus cf. Nerva

Nerva Marcus Cocceius cf. Nerva

Nestorius de Constantinople / Nestorius of Constantinople [c. 381–451] 597, 598 (note 1), 601 (note 33), 610, 613 (note 1), 615 (note 33)

Newton Isaac [1642–1727] 202 (note 22), 216 (note 22)

Nicandre / Nicander [c. -150] 332-333, 339 (note 16), 346-347, 353 (note 16), 468 (note 26), 479 (note 26)

Nicanor cf. Seleucus I Nicator

Nicator cf. Seleucus I Nicator

Nicias [470–413] 483, 490 (note 3), 495, 503 (note 3)

Nicolas IV / Nicholas [1227–1292] 664, 670 (note 14), 674, 680 (note 14)

Nicolas V / Nicholas V [1397–1455] 409 (note 56), 426 (note 56)

Nicomaque / Nicomachus [c. -325] 222, 234 (note 7), 244, 256 (note 7)

Nicomède IV / Nicomedes IV [died / mort en -74] 464, 468 (note 29), 475, 479 (note 29)

Nicon / Nico [c. 150] 509, 521

Nikias cf. Nicias

Noah cf. Noé

Nobilior Marcus Fulvius cf. Fulvius Marcus

Noé 83, 100

Numa Pompilius [c. -700] 359, 369 (note 3), 377, 387 (note 3)

Numerianus Marcus Aurelius Numerius cf. Numérien

Numérien [died / mort en 284] 538, 543 (note 15), 550, 555 (note 15)

Numisianus [c. 150] 509, 517 (notes 1-3), 521, 529 (notes 1-3)

O

Ocellus de Lucanie / Ocellus Lucanus [c. -450] 166, 170, 173 (note 20), 180, 184, 187 (note 20)

Octave / Octavia [c. 69–11] 370 (note 29), 389 (note 29)

Octavianus cf. Auguste

Octavius cf. Auguste

Ogada cf. Ögödei

Ögödei [1185–1241] 648 (note 24), 660 (note 24)

Olivi Giuseppe [1769–1795] 233, 240 (note 46), 255, 262 (note 46), 405 (note 25), 422 (note 25)

Olympius Nemesianus Marcus Aurelius cf. Némésien

Omar [c. 586–644] 332, 338 (note 10), 346, 353 (note 10), 541, 545 (note 44), 553, 557 (note 44), 596, 610

Onésicrite / Onesicritus [c. -350] 270, 277 (note 23), 286, 293 (note 23), 399, 416

Oppien d’Anazarbe / Oppian of Anazarbus [c. 180] 28, 41, 464, 466, 475, 477, 483, 485-490, 491 (note 22), 492 (notes 27, 30, 34), 493 (note 35), 495, 497-502, 505 (notes 22, 27, 30), 506 (notes 34-35), 517, 529, 535, 538-539, 547, 550-551

Oppien d’Apamée / Oppian of Apamea [c. 250] 491 (note 22), 505 (note 22)

Oribase / Oribasius [c. 320–c. 400] 539, 544 (note 28), 551, 556 (note 28), 599 (note 2), 613 (note 2)

Origène / Origen [c. 184–c. 253] 544 (note 27), 556 (note 27)

Orléans duc d’cf. Louis XII

Orose Paul / Orosius Paulus [fl. c. 414 / 417] 332, 338 (note 11), 332, 353 (note 11), 541, 545 (note 43), 553, 557 (note 43), 576 (note14), 585(note 14)

Otho Caesar Augustus Marcus cf. Othon

Otho Marcus Salvius cf. Othon

Othon [32–69] 395, 404 (note 6), 411, 421 (note 6)

Otto III [980–1002] 645 (note 1), 658 (note 1)

Ovide / Ovid [-43–+ 17] 339 (note 16), 354 (note 16), 397, 405 (notes 22-24), 413-414, 422 (notes 22-24), 464, 468 (note 26), 474, 479 (note 26), 671 (note 28), 681 (note 28)

Ovidius Naso Publius cf. Ovide

Owen Richard [1804–1892] 274 (note 1), 290 (note 1)

P

Palladius Rutilius Taurus Aemilianus [c. 350] 539, 544 (note 32), 551, 556 (note 32)

Panétius de Rhodes / Panaetius of Rhodes [c. 185–c. 110] 342 (note 46), 357 (note 46)

Pansa Gaius Vibius Caetronianus [died / mort en -43] 369-370 (note 16), 388 (note 16)

Pansa Hirtius [c. -50] 362, 380

Pariset Étienne [1770–1847] 90 (note 21), 108 (note 21)

Parménide d’Élée / Parmenides of Elea [born / né c. -515] 167-168, 173 (note 28), 174 (note 30), 181-182, 187 (note 28), 188 (note 30), 192, 206

Parysatis [c. -450] 202 (note 26), 216 (note 26)

Pascal Blaise [1623–1662] 228, 239 (note 33), 250, 261 (note 33)

Pascal I er / Paschal I [died / mort en 824] 627 (note 42), 637 (note 42)

Pasteur Louis [1822–1895] 275 (note 7), 291 (note 7)

Paul d’Agime / Paul of Agima 625 (note 13), 635 (note 13)

Paul Saint [c. 5 –67] 311 (note 54), 327 (note 54)

Paul VI [1897–1978] 577 (note 30), 587 (note 30)

Paul-Émile le Macédonien [c. 229–160] 361, 369 (note 8), 379, 387 (note 8)

Paulet Jean-Jacques [1740–1826] 397, 405 (note 21), 413, 422 (note 21)

Paullus Macedonicus Lucius Aemilius cf. Paul-Émile le Macédonien

Pausanias [died / mort c. -467] 135, 140 (note 10), 149, 154 (note 10), 561, 567

Pausanias [fl. c. 143 / 176] 399, 416, 463, 467-468 (note 20), 474, 478-479 (note 20)

Pepin III the Short cf. Pépin le Bref

Pépin le Bref [c. 714–768] 623, 627 (notes 35, 41), 633, 637 (notes 35, 41)

Pépin le Jeune [c. 640–714] 646 (note 4), 646 (note 4)

Perdiccas [c. 365–321] 198, 203 (note 32), 212, 217 (note 32), 270, 286

Périclès / Pericles [c. 495–429] 145 (note 44), 160 (note 44), 170, 174 (note 40), 184, 188 (note 40), 191, 205, 490 (note 3), 503 (note 3)

Perictione [c. -400] (200 (note 6), 214 (note 6)

Persée / Perseus [c. 212–c. 165] 469 (note 34), 480 (note 34)

Peter the Hermit cf. Ermite Pierre l’

Petit-Radel Louis Charles François [1740–1818] 140 (note 14), 155 (note 14)

Petrarca Francesco cf. Pétrarque

Pétrarque / Petrarch [1304–1374] 667, 671 (notes 26-27), 677, 681 (notes 26-27)

Pétrone [died / mort en 66] 395, 404 (note 4), 411, 421 (note 4)

Petronius Arbiter Gaius cf. Pétrone

Petronius Niger Titus cf. Pétrone

Phédon d’Élis / Phaedo of Elis [c. -450] 279 (note 36), 295 (note 36)

Phérécyde de Syros / Pherecydes of Syros [c. -550] 142 (note 19), 157 (note 19), 171 (note 3), 185 (note 3)

Phila [c. -250] 309 (note 37), 325 (note 37)

Philétaire / Philetaerus [c. 343–263] 311 (note 58), 327 (note 58)

Philip II Augustus cf. Philippe Auguste

Philip II of Macedon cf. Philippe de Macédoine

Philip V [238–179] 310 (note 48), 326 (note 48), 465, 469 (note 34), 475, 480 (note 34)

Philippe Auguste [1165–1223] 640, 642, 646 (note 10), 652, 654, 658 (note 10)

Philippe de Macédoine [382–336] 222-223, 234 (notes 2-3), 235 (note 11), 244-246, 256 (notes 2-3), 257 (note 11), 270, 286, 469 (note 31), 480 (note 31), 576 (note 16), 585 (note 16)

Philon d’Alexandrie / Philo of Alexandria [-20–+ 50] 577 (note 29), 586 (note 29)

Philocrate / Philocrates [c. -260] 58 (note 14), 72 (note 14)

Philon de Byblos / Philo of Byblos [63–c. 141] 55, 59 (notes 22-23), 69, 73 (notes 22-23)

Philostrate de Lemnos / Philostratus the Lemnian [born / né c. 190] 542 (note 8), 554 (note 8)

Philostrate l’Athénien / Philostratus the Athenian [c. 170–c. 245] 403 (note 1), 420 (note 1), 492 (note 28), 505 (note 28), 537, 538, 542 (note 8), 549-550, 554 (note 8)

Phlégon / Phlegon [c. 150] 462, 467 (note 8), 472, 478 (note 8)

Photius de Constantinople / Photius of Constantinople [c. 810–c. 893] 198, 203 (note 34), 213, 217 (note 34), 306, 322, 591, 599 (notes 6-8), 605, 613 (notes 6-8)

Phragas d’Érèse / Phragas of Eresus 302, 318

Phylée Manuel [c. 1200] 592, 600 (note 17), 606, 614 (note 17)

Phyleus of Ephesus cf. Phylée Manuel

Physcon cf. Ptolémée VIII

Picard Guillaume 644, 656

Pictor Quintus Fabius [c. -200] 335, 342 (note 42), 350, 356 (note 42)

Pippin the Middle cf. Pépin le Jeune

Pisides Georges / Pisides Georgios [c. 620] 591, 599 (note 3), 605, 613 (note 3)

Placidia Aelia Galla cf. Placidie

Placidie [c. 390–450] 572, 576 (notes 14-15), 580, 585 (notes 14-15)

Platon / Plato [c. 430–348 / 347] 117 (note 5), 127 (note 5), 139, 145 (note 43), 153, 160 (note 43), 164, 166-167, 170, 172 (notes 7, 18), 178, 180-181, 184, 186 (notes 7, 18), 191-196, 198, 200 (notes 1, 3, 5-6), 201 (notes 14, 16, 17), 205-212, 214 (notes 1, 3, 5-6), 215 (notes 14, 16, 17), 221-227, 234 (note 5), 235 (notes 13-14), 243-249, 256 (note 5), 257 (notes 13-14), 272, 278 (note 34), 279 (note 36), 288-289, 294 (note 34), 295 (note 36), 396, 412, 490 (note 1), 503 (note 1), 545 (note 38), 557 (note 38), 601 (note 34), 602 (notes 37-38), 616 (note 34), 616 (notes 37-38), 626 (note 27), 636 (note 27), 645, 649 (note 40), 657, 661 (note 40), 686, 692

Plegon cf. Phlégon

Pline l’Ancien [23–79] 28, 41, 224, 235 (note 17), 246, 257 (note 17), 268, 275 (note 11), 277 (note 23), 284, 292 (note 11), 293 (note 23), 335, 339 (note 16), 349, 354 (note 16), 362-363, 367-368, 369 (note 10), 370 (note 21), 371 (note 36), 380-381, 386-387, 387 (note 10), 388 (note 21), 389 (note 36), 396-398, 400, 402, 403, 407 (note 42), 408 (note 46), 412, 414-416, 419, 420, 425 (note 42), 408 (note 46), 431-440, 440 (notes 1, 5), 441 (notes 13-14), 443 (note 44), 445-455, 455 (notes 1, 5), 456 (notes 10-11, 13-14), 459 (note 44), 466, 477, 491 (note 16), 504 (note 16), 510, 522, 577 (note 29), 586 (note 29), 593, 607, 625 (note 3), 635 (note 3)

Pline le Jeune [61 / 62–113] 431-432, 441 (note 13), 447, 456 (note 13)

Plinius Caecilius Secundus Gaius cf. Pline le Jeune

Plinius Secundus Gaius cf. Pline l’Ancien

Pliny the Elder cf. Pline l’Ancien

Pliny the Younger cf. Pline le Jeune

Plotin / Plotinus [c. 205–270] 338 (note 1), 352 (note 1), 600 (note 24), 615 (note 24)

Plumier Charles [1646–1704] 13, 17

Plutarque / Plutarch [c. 46–120] 58 (note 18), 59 (note 23), 73 (notes 18, 23), 139 (note 2), 154 (note 2), 331-332, 338 (note 4), 339 (note 16), 345-346, 352 (note 4), 354 (note 16), 462-463, 467 (notes 9-14), 473, 478 (notes 9-14), 490 (notes 1, 3), 503 (notes 1, 3)

Pococke Edward [1604–1691] 603, 617

Pollion Vedius / Pollio Vedius [died / mort en -15] 363, 371 (note 30), 381, 389 (note 30)

Polo Marco [c. 1254–1324] 599 (note 5), 613 (note 5), 643, 648 (note 31), 656, 661 (note 31), 666, 668, 676, 678

Polybe / Polybius [c. 200–c. 118] 342 (note 42), 356 (note 42), 406 (note 32), 423 (note 32), 465, 469 (note 33), 475, 480 (note 33)

Polycrate / Polycrates [c. -530] 164, 172 (note 11), 178, 186 (note 11), 439, 454

Polyperchon [394–303] 277 (note 28), 294 (note 28)

Pompée le Grand / Pompey the Great [106–48] 331-332, 338 (notes 2, 6), 345-346, 352 (notes 2, 6), 362, 364, 366, 372, 380, 382, 384

Pompeius Magnus Gnaeus cf. Pompée le Grand

Pomponius Lucius [c. 50] 432, 440 (note 7), 446, 456 (note 7)

Pomponius Secundus Lucius cf. Pomponius Lucius

Pontifex cf. Scaevola Quintus Mucius [died / mort en-82]

Porphyre / Porphyry [c. 234–c. 305] 61 (notes 39, 41), 75 (notes 39, 41), 594, 600 (note 24), 608, 615 (note 24)

Porphyrogenitus Flavius cf. Constantin Porphyrogénète

Porsenna Lars [c. -520] 335, 341 (note 36), 349, 355 (note 36)

Porus [c. -320] 537, 542 (note 11), 549, 554 (note 11)

Posidonius [c. 135–51] 406 (note 32), 423 (note 32)

Praxagore / Praxagoras [born / né c. -340] 302-303, 309 (notes 26-27), 319, 325 (notes 26-27)

Priestley Joseph [1733–1804] 670 (note 19), 680 (note 19)

Priscianus Caesariensis cf. Priscien

Priscien / Priscian [c. 500] 597, 602 (note 36), 611, 616 (note 36)

Probus Marcus Aurelius [died / mort en 282] 368, 375 (note 86), 386, 393 (note 86)

Proclus [412–485] 602 (note 38), 616 (note 38)

Procope / Procopius [325 / 326–366] 575 (note 2), 584 (note 2)

Psammetichus II cf. Psammitichus

Psammitichus / Psammétique [fl. c. 595 / 589] 112-113, 116 (note 3), 122-123, 127 (note 3), 134, 138, 139 (note 5), 145 (note 41), 148, 152, 154 (note 5), 160 (note 41)

Psamtik II cf. Psammitichus

Ptolémée I Soter / Ptolemy I Soter [c. 367–c. 283] 81, 87 (note 10), 97, 104 (note 10), 224-225, 235 (note 18), 236, 246-247, 257 (note 18), 258, 270-272, 277 (note 26), 287-289, 293 (note 26), 301, 305-306, 310 (note 51), 318-319, 321, 327 (note 51), 331, 345, 372 (note 46), 390 (note 46)

Ptolémée II [308–246] 55, 58 (note 14), 59 (note 21), 69, 72 (note 14), 73 (note 21), 236, 258, 271, 278 (note 29), 286, 294 (note 29), 304-305, 310 (note 45), 321, 326 (note 45)

Ptolémée III [fl. c. 246 / 221] 235 (note 19), 236, 257 (note 19), 258, 304, 310 (note 45), 321, 326 (note 45)

Ptolémée IV [c. 238–205] 236, 258, 304, 310 (note 46), 321, 326 (note 46)

Ptolémée IX Soter II [fl. c. 116 / 81] 237, 259, 306, 311 (note 59), 322, 327 (note 59), 398, 406 (note 31), 415, 423 (note 31)

Ptolémée Lagus cf. Ptolémée I Soter

Ptolémée V [c. 210–180] 236, 258, 310 (notes 47, 49), 326 (notes 47, 49), 407 (note 41), 424 (note 41)

Ptolémée VI [fl. c. 180–c. 145] 236, 258, 305, 310 (note 50), 311 (note 55), 322, 327 (notes 50, 55)

Ptolémée VII [died / mort en-144] 236, 258, 305, 311 (note 55), 327 (note 55)

Ptolémée VIII [died / mort en -116] 236, 258, 305-306, 311 (note 56), 321-322, 327 (note 56), 331, 345, 362, 380

Ptolémée X Alexandre I er [died / mort en -88] 237, 259, 306, 322, 311 (note 59), 327 (note 59)

Ptolémée XI [c. 115–80] 237, 259

Ptolémée XII [c. 112–51] 237, 259

Ptolémée XIII [63–47] 237, 259, 338 (note 8), 352 (note 8)

Ptolémée XIV [c. 59–44] 237, 259, 338 (note 8), 352 (note 8)

Ptolémée XV [47–30] 237, 259, 338 (note 8), 353 (note 8)

Ptolemy II Philadelphus cf. Ptolémée II

Ptolemy III Euergetes cf. Ptolémée III

Ptolemy IV Philopator cf. Ptolémée IV

Ptolemy Lagus cf. Ptolémée I Soter

Ptolemy Lathyrus cf. Ptolémée IX Soter II

Ptolemy Philopator Philometor Caesar cf. Ptolémée XV

Ptolemy V Epiphanes cf. Ptolémée V

Ptolemy VI Philometor cf. Ptolémée VI

Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator cf. Ptolémée VII

Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II cf. Ptolémée VIII

Ptolemy X Alexander I cf. Ptolémée X Alexandre I er

Ptolemy XI Alexander II cf. Ptolémée XI

Ptolemy XII Auletes cf. Ptolémée XII

Ptolemy XII Theos Philopater Philadelphus Neos Dionysos Auletes cf. Ptolémée XII

Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator cf. Ptolémée XIII

Ptolemy XIV Theos Philopator II cf. Ptolémée XIV

Ptolemy XV Caesar cf. Ptolémée XV

Ptolomée cf. Ptolémée I Soter

Publius Aelius Hadrianus cf. Adrien

Pyrrhus d’Épire / Pyrrhus of Epirus [319 / 318–272] 58 (note 18), 73 (note 18), 277 (note 26), 294 (note 26), 365, 371 (note 45), 372 (notes 46-47), 383, 390 (notes 45-47), 439, 454

Pythagore / Pythagoras [c. 580–c. 500] 112, 116 (note 5), 122, 127 (note 5), 138, 145 (note 40), 152-153, 160 (note 40), 164-167, 172 (notes 9, 14), 173 (note 20), 178-181, 183, 186 (notes 9, 14), 187 (note 20), 196, 210, 561, 567, 602 (note 38), 616 (note 38), 685, 691

Pythias [c. 381–c. 326] 223, 234 (note 7), 245, 256 (note 7), 601 (note 34), 616 (note 34)

Q-R

Quintus [c. 150] 509, 517 (notes 2-3), 521, 529 (notes 2-3)

Raimondino dei Liucci cf. Mundinus

Réaumur René-Antoine Ferchault de [1683–1757] 240 (note 44), 262 (note 44)

Rechila [died / mort en 448] 576 (note 17), 585 (note 17)

Redbeard cf. Frédéric I er

Regulus Marcus Atilius (fl. 3rd century B. C.) 435, 442 (note 24), 449, 457 (note 24), 561, 567

Renatus Cartesius cf. Descartes René

Reynaud François Dominique de [1755–1838] 201 (note 21), 216 (note 21)

Rhazès [c. 865–923] 620, 625 (note 15), 630, 635 (note 15)

Rhazès-Abbeker-Mehamed-Rhazi cf. Rhazès

Richerand Balthasar Anthelme [1779–1840] 512, 518 (note 19), 525, 530 (note 19)

Risso Joseph Antoine [1777–1845] 488, 493 (note 40), 500, 506 (note 40)

Rochette Désiré Raoul [1790–1854] 90 (note 20), 108 (note 20)

Rosemonde / Rosamund [c. 570] 577 (note 27), 586 (note 27)

Rousseau Jean-Jacques [1712–1778] 57 (note 1), 71 (note 1), 239 (note 33), 261 (note 33)

Rouvroy Claude-Henri de, comte de Saint-Simon [1760–1825] 404 (note 9), 421 (note 9)

Rufin [died / mort en 395] 571, 576 (notes 8-9), 579, 584 (notes 8-9)

Rufinus Flavius cf. Rufin

Rufus Minucius Marcus [died / mort en -216] 371 (note 41), 390 (note 41)

Rullus Servius [c. -63] 361, 369 (note 13), 379, 387 (note 13)

Rüppell Wilhelm Peter Eduard Simon [1794–1884] 272, 278 (note 32), 288, 294 (note 32)

S

Sabbatius Petrus cf. Justinien

Sacy Isaac-Louis Le Maistre de [1613–1684] 621, 626 (note 30), 631, 636 (note 30)

Sacy Silvestre de [1758–1838] 603 (note 48), 617 (note 48)

Saint Ambroise / Saint Ambrose cf. Ambroise

Saint Augustin cf. Augustin d’Hippone

Saint Béde le Vénérable cf. Béda

Saint Benoît / Saint Benedict [c. 480–c. 547] 574, 577 (note 30), 582, 587 (note 30)

Saint Boniface cf. Boniface I er

Saint Cyran [died / mort c. 657] 626 (note 30), 636 (note 30)

Saint Cyrille d’Alexandrie cf. Cyrille d’Alexandrie

Saint Dominique [c. 1170–1221] 643, 647 (note 21), 655, 659 (note 21)

Saint Épiphane cf. Épiphane de Salamine

Saint François cf. François d’Assise

Saint François d’Assise cf. François d’Assise

Saint Grégoire cf. Grégoire VII

Saint Isidore cf. Isidore de Séville

Saint Jean Chrysostome [c. 347–407] 576 (note 8), 576 (note 8)

Saint Jérôme / Saint Jerome [c. 347–419 / 420] 431, 440 (note 3), 445, 455 (note 3)

Saint Louis cf. Louis IX

Saint Mamers 541, 553

Saint Sidoine Apollinaire cf. Apollinaire Sidoine

Saint Thomas d’Aquin cf. Aquin Thomas d’

Saint Vincent de Paul cf. Vincent de Paul

Saint Vincent de Saragosse / Saint Vincent of Saragossa [died / mort c. 304] 577 (note 23), 586 (note 23)

Saint-Simon Henri de [1760–1825] 404 (note 9), 421 (note 9)

Saladin [1137 / 1138–1193] 602-603 (note 48), 617 (note 48), 640, 646 (note 8), 652, 658 (notes 8-9)

Salah Ad-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub cf. Saladin

Salmanazar III [858–824] 307 (note 5), 323 (note 5)

Salmasius Claudius cf. Saumaise Claude de

Sammu-ramat cf. Sémiramis

Samson 397, 413

San Francesco d’Assisi cf. François d’Assise

Sanchoniathon de Bérythe [c. -1300] 55, 59 (notes 22-23), 69, 73 (notes 22-23)

Sanchuniathon of Berytus cf. Sanchoniathon de Bérythe

Sandrocottus / Sandrocottos [c. 340–298] 304, 309 (note 40), 320, 326 (note 40)

Santo Domingo de Guzmán cf. Saint Dominique

Saumaise Claude de [1588–1653] 397, 404 (note 16), 413, 422 (note 16), 439, 443 (note 41), 454, 459 (note 41)

Savelli Giacomo cf. Honorius IV

Scaevola Quintus Mucius [died / mort c. -82] 365, 372 (note 54), 383, 391 (note 54)

Scaevola Quintus Mucius [died / mort c. -88] (372 (note 54), 391 (note 54)

Scala Giulio Cesare della cf. Scaliger Jules-César

Scaliger Jules-César / Scaliger Julius-Caesar [1484–1558] 268, 276 (note 16), 284-285, 292 (note 16)

Scaurus Marcus Aemilius [c. 163–89] 365, 372 (note 55), 383, 391 (note 55)

Scaurus Marcus Aemilius [died / mort c. -52] 372 (note 55), 391 (note 55)

Scheffer Pierre [c. 1425–1502] 666-667, 671 (notes 24-25), 677, 681 (notes 24-25)

Schlegel Friedrich von [1772–1829] 86 (note 9), 103 (note 9)

Schneider Johann Gottlob [1750–1822] 268, 276 (note 17), 284, 292 (note 17)

Schöffer Peter cf. Scheffer Pierre

Scholasticus cf. Bassus Cassianus

Schwarz Berthold / Schwarze Berthold [der] cf. Swartz Bertold

Scipio Africanus the Elder cf. Scipion l’Africain

Scipio Africanus the Younger cf. Scipion le Jeune

Scipio Asiaticus Lucius Cornelius [c. -200] 469 (note 35), 480 (note 35)

Scipio Calvus Gnaeus Cornelius [died / mort en -211] 372 (note 52), 391 (note 52)

Scipio Nasica Publius Cornelius [227–c. 171] 365, 372 (note 52), 383, 391 (note 52), 434, 448

Scipio Publius Cornelius cf. Scipion l’Africain

Scipion l’Africain [236–183] 340 (note 31), 355 (note 31), 592, 600 (note 13), 606, 614 (note 13)

Scipion le Jeune [185–129] 334, 340 (note 31), 341 (note 32), 348, 355 (notes 31-32), 371 (note 41), 372 (note 52), 390 (note 41), 391 (note 52)

Seba Albertus [1665–1736] 441 (note 17), 456 (note 17)

Secondat Charles-Louis de cf. Montesquieu

Seleucus I Nicator [358 / 354–281] 55, 58 (note 17), 69, 73 (note 17), 270-271, 277 (notes 26-28), 286-287, 294 (notes 26-28), 303-304, 309 (notes 36-37, 40), 319-320, 325 (notes 36-37), 326 (note 40), 372

Sémiramis [c. -800] 59 (note 23), 73 (note 23), 89 (note 14), 106 (note 14)

Sempronius Lucus [c. -50] 362, 370 (note 17), 380, 388 (note 17)

Seneca Lucius Annaeus cf. Sénéque

Seneca the Younger cf. Sénéque

Sénéque [c. -4–c. + 65] 363-364, 371 (notes 30, 35), 381-382, 389 (notes 30, 35), 400-402, 405 (note 19), 408 (notes 47, 50, 54-55), 416, 41-419, 422 (note 19), 425 (notes 47, 50) 426 (notes 54-55), 559, 565

Septimius Severus cf. Sévère Septime

Sérapion le Jeune / Serapion the Younger [c. 1100] 620, 625 (note 16), 630, 635 (note 16)

Sérapion le Vieux / Serapion the Elder [c. 850] 620, 625 (note 14), 630, 635 (note 14)

Serres Antoine Étienne Renaud Augustin [1786–1868] 239 (note 36), 261 (note 36)

Servilius Rullus Publius cf. Rullus Servius

Servius Galba Caesar Augustus cf. Galba

Servius Rullus cf. Rullus Servius

Servius Sulpicius Galba cf. Galba

Sésostris I er / Sesostris I [c. -1950] 85, 91 (note 32), 102, 109 (note 32)

Sévère Septime [146–211] 235 (note 15), 257 (note 15), 368, 374 (note 81), 386, 393 (note 81), 485, 492 (notes 23, 25, 28), 497, 505 (notes 23, 25, 28), 537, 549, 599 (note 3), 613 (note 3)

Severus Antoninus Augustus Marcus Aurelius cf. Caracalla Antonin

Severus Pertinax Lucius Septimius cf. Sévère Septime

Sextus Empiricus [c. -509] 173 (note 29), 187 (note 29), 341 (note 38), 356 (note 38)

Shalmaneser III cf. Salmanazar III

Simplicius de Cilicie / Simplicius of Cilicia [c. 490–c. 560] 56, 60 (note 36), 61 (note 39), 70, 75 (notes 36, 39), 171 (note 3), 185 (note 3), 597, 611

Smith Peter Luke 466 (note 3), 477 (note 3)

Socrate / Socrates [c. 469–399] 27, 40, 134, 139, 148, 153, 163-164, 168, 170-171, 177-178, 182, 184-185, 191-194, 196-198, 200 (notes 1, 5-6), 201 (notes 11, 13-14), 205-208, 210-212, 214 (notes 1, 5-6), 215 (notes 11, 13-14), 221, 224, 243, 246, 334, 348, 375 (note 88), 393 (note 88), 686, 692

Soliman II [c. 1550] 491 (note 20), 504 (note 20)

Solon [c. 630–c. 560] 194, 201 (note 19), 208, 216 (note 19), 468 (note 20), 479 (note 20)

Sophocle / Sophocles [496–406] 279 (note 37), 295 (note 37)

Sophronius cf. Saint Jérôme

Sotéride / Soterides [c. -50] 464, 475

Sozomen [c. 400–450] 375 (note 88), 393 (note 88)

Spallanzani Lazzaro [1729–1799] 267, 275 (note 7), 283, 291 (note 7)

Sparmann Anders [1748–1820] 367, 373 (note 68), 385, 392 (note 68)

Speusippe / Speusippus [c. 408–339 / 338] 235 (note 13), 257 (note 13)

Spinoza Baruch / Spinoza Benedictus de [1632–1677] 138, 145 (note 46), 153, 160 (note 46)

Stéphane II / Stephen II [715–757] 627 (note 35), 637 (note 35)

Stilicho Flavius cf. Stilicon

Stilicon [c. 359–408] 375 (note 89), 393 (note 89), 571-572, 576 (notes 7, 9), 579-580, 584 (notes 7, 9)

Stobée / Stobaeus [c. 450] 141 (note 19), 155 (note 19)

Strabo of Brundisium cf. Strabon Laenius Marcus

Strabon / Strabo [c. -64–c. + 24] 225, 238 (note 24), 247, 260 (note 24), 277 (note 23), 293 (note 23), 304, 309 (note 40), 311 (note 60), 320, 326 (note 40), 327 (note 60), 362, 369 (note 14), 380, 388 (note 14), 396-401, 406 (notes 29, 32), 412, 414-416, 418, 423 (notes 29, 32), 619, 629

Strabon Laenius Marcus 362, 369 (note 14), 380, 388 (note 14)

Straton / Strato [died / mort c. -270] 271, 278 (note 31), 287-288, 294 (note 31)

Stratonice [c. -300] 303, 309 (note 37), 320, 325 (note 37)

Suétone / Suetonius [c. 69–c. 122] 397, 404 (note 11), 413, 421 (note 11), 431, 440 (note 4), 445, 455 (note 4)

Suetonius Tranquillus Gaius cf. Suétone

Suger de Saint-Denis / Suger of Saint-Denis [c. 1081–1151] 646 (note 6), 658 (note 6)

Suidas [c. 50] 59 (note 23), 73 (note 23), 593, 607

Sulla Lucius Cornelius cf. Sylla

Sully de duc / duke cf. Béthune Maximilien de

Sura cf. Lentulus Publius Cornelius

Swartz Bertold [c. 1350] 666, 670 (note 21), 676, 680 (note 21)

Sylla [138–78] 225, 238 (notes 28-29), 247, 260 (notes 28-29), 341 (note 37), 356 (note 37), 364-365, 382-383, 400, 416

Sylvestre II / Sylvester II [c. 945–1003] 639, 645 (note 1), 651, 658 (note 1)

Sylvius Franciscus [1614–1672] 513, 518 (note 21), 525, 530 (note 21), 621, 631

Synesius de Cyrène / Synesius of Cyrene [c. 373–c. 414] 60 (note 39), 75 (note 39)

T

T’ang Ti Yao cf. Yao

Tacite [c. 56–c. 120] 398, 406 (note 34), 415, 424 (note 34), 432, 447, 575 (note 1), 584 (note 1)

Tacitus Gaius Cornelius cf. Tacite

Tacitus Publius Cornelius cf. Tacite

Taitor Ebn [c. 1188–c. 1248] 626 (note 28), 631, 636 (note 28)

Talma François Joseph [1763–1826] 20, 32-33

Tarquin l’Ancien [died / mort en -578] 340 (note 25), 341 (note 38), 354 (note 25), 356 (note 38)

Tarquin le Superbe [died / mort en -495] 340 (note 25), 341 (note 36), 354 (note 25), 355 (note 36)

Tarquinius Priscus Lucius cf. Tarquin l’Ancien

Tarquinius Superbus Lucius cf. Tarquin le Superbe

Tcheou-Kong [c. -1100] 56, 61 (note 40), 70, 75 (note 40)

Teispès / Teispes [675–640] 59 (note 25), 73 (note 25)

Temuchin / Temüjin cf. Genghis Khan

Tennemann Wilhelm Gottlieb [1761–1819] 238 (note 22), 260 (note 22)

Thalès de Milet / Thales of Miletus [born / né c. -625] 52-53, 58 (note 6), 66-67, 72 (note 6), 112-113, 116 (note 4), 122-123, 127 (note 4), 134, 138, 139 (note 6), 148, 152-153, 154 (note 6), 163-164, 169-170, 171 (notes 2-4), 177-178, 183-184, 185 (notes 2-4), 191, 205, 559, 565, 685, 691

Thémison de Laodicée / Themison of Laodicea [c. 50] 402, 409 (note 57), 419, 426 (note 57)

Théodebald / Theodebald [c. 550] 577 (note 24), 586 (note 24)

Théodore [c. 630] 368, 375 (note 88), 386, 393 (note 88)

Théodore I er / Theodoric I [died / mort en 451] 577 (note 24), 586 (note 24)

Théodore de Cyrène / Theodorus of Cyrene [c. 465–c. 398] 375 (note 88), 393 (note 88)

Théodore II / Theodoric II [died / mort en 466] 576 (note 17), 585 (note 17)

Theodoret [c. 393–c. 457] 375 (note 88), 393 (note 88)

Theodorus Lector cf. Théodore

Theodorus of Gaza cf. Gaza Théodore

Théodose I er / Theodosius I [347–395] 576 (notes 6, 8, 15), 584 (notes 6, 8), 585 (note 15)

Théodose le Jeune [401–450] 540, 545 (note 39), 552, 557 (note 39), 571, 576 (notes 6, 8), 579, 584 (notes 6, 8)

Theodosius II the Younger cf. Théodose le Jeune

Théophraste / Theophrastus [c. 372–c. 287] 145 (note 48), 161 (note 48), 174 (note 32), 188 (note 32), 225, 234 (note 10), 238 (notes 23, 28), 247, 256 (note 10), 260 (notes 23, 28), 272-273, 276 (note 16), 278 (notes 31, 35), 279 (notes 35, 38), 289, 292 (note 16), 294 (notes 31, 35), 295 (notes 35, 38), 297-303, 308 (note 12), 309 (note 25), 310 (note 54), 313-317, 319, 324 (note 12), 325 (note 25), 327 (note 54), 333, 347, 364, 382, 403, 420, 438, 443 (note 35), 453, 458 (note 35), 559, 562, 565, 568, 594, 597, 608, 612, 686, 688, 692, 694

Thermantia [c. 400] 576 (note 7), 584 (note 7)

Theudibald [c. 550] 577 (note 25), 586 (note 25)

Thucydide / Thucydides [c. 460–c. 404] 139 (note 4), 154 (note 4), 198, 203 (note 33), 212, 217 (note 33)

Tibère [14–37] 363, 370 (note 34), 381, 389 (note 34), 373 (note 60), 391 (note 60), 395, 411, 400, 416, 407 (note 43), 408 (note 48), 425 (notes 43, 48), 431, 445, 562, 569

Tibère [-42–+ 37] 56, 61 (note 45), 71, 75 (note 45), 371 (note 34), 389 (note 34)

Tibère [c. 85–33] 61 (note 45), 75 (note 45)

Tiberius cf. Tibère [14–37]

Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar Augustus Germanicus cf. Claude

Tiberius Claudius Nero cf. Tibère [c. 85–33]

Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus cf. Tibère [-42–+ 37]

Timée de Locres / Timaeus of Locri [c. 356–c. 260] 166, 172 (note 19), 180, 186 (note 19), 193-196, 198, 201 (note 15), 207-210, 212, 215 (note 15)

Tissapherne / Tissaphernes [died / mort en -395] 308 (note 24), 325 (note 24)

Titus [39–81] 367, 373 (note 66), 385, 392 (note 66), 432, 446

Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius cf. Antonin-le-Pieux

Titus Aurelius Fulvius Boionius Arrius Antoninus cf. Antonin-le-Pieux

Titus Flavius Caesar Vespasianus Augustus cf. Titus

Titus Flavius Clemens cf. Clément d’Alexandrie

Titus Flavius Domitianus cf. Domitien

Titus Lucretius Carus cf. Lucrèce [c. -50]

Torricelli Evangelista [1608–1647] 228, 239 (note 32), 250, 261 (note 32)

Trajan [53–117] 59 (note 24), 73 (note 24), 367, 373 (note 70), 374 (note 72), 385, 392 (notes 70, 72), 400, 416, 461, 466 (note 1), 472, 477 (note 1), 535, 547, 563, 569

Tullius Servius [died / mort en -535] 341 (note 38), 356 (note 38)

Tully cf. Cicéron

Tyrannion [c. -50] 225, 247

Tyrtame / Tyrtamus [c. 371–c. 287] 272, 289

U-V

Ugedei cf. Ögödei

Ulpius Traianus Marcus cf. Trajan

Umar cf. Omar

Umar ibn Al-Khattab cf. Omar

Valenciennes Achille [1794–1865] 11, 13, 15, 17, 22, 34

Valens [c. 328–378] 544 (note 28), 556 (note 28), 571, 575 (notes 2-4), 579, 584 (notes 2-4)

Valentinianus Flavius cf. Valentinien I er

Valentinien I er / Valentinian I [321–375] 571, 575 (note 2), 576 (note 5), 579, 584 (note 2), 584 (note 5)

Valentinien III / Valentinian III [c. 419–455] 576 (note 15), 585 (note 15)

Varro Marcus Terentius cf. Varron

Varron [116–27] 337, 342 (notes 50-52), 343 (note 52), 351-352, 357 (notes 50-51), 343 (note 52), 359, 362-363, 369 (note 14), 377, 380-381, 388 (note 14), 401, 418, 466, 477, 592, 606

Varus Publius Quintilius [died / mort en 9] 562, 563 (note 7), 569, 569 (note 7)

Vedius Pollio Publius cf. Pollion Vedius

Végèce / Veges [c. 430] 539, 544 (note 30), 551, 556 (note 30)

Vegetius Renatus Publius Flavius cf. Végèce

Vergilius Maro Publius cf. Virgile

Verrès / Verres [c. 120–43] 369 (note 12), 387 (note 12)

Verus Lucius Aurelius [130–169] 510, 517 (note 10), 522, 530 (note 10)

Vesalius Andreas [1514–1564] 172 (note 17), 186 (note 17), 626 (note 23), 636 (note 23)

Vespasianus Augustus Caesar cf. Vespasien

Vespasianus Titus Flavius cf. Vespasien

Vespasien / Vespasian [9 –79] 395, 404 (notes 7-8), 412, 421 (notes 7-8), 431-432, 445-446, 517 (note 12), 530 (note 12)

Villemain Abel-François [1790–1870] 666, 670 (note 22), 676, 680 (note 22)

Villeneuve Arnauld de [1238–1311 / 1313] 687, 689 (note 3), 693, 695 (note 3)

Vincent de Beauvais (c. 1190-1264) 643, 648 (note 29), 655, 660 (note 29)

Vincent de Paul [1581–1660] 85, 91 (note 31), 102, 109 (note 31)

Vinckelmann Johann Joachim [1717–1768] 90 (note 20), 108 (note 20)

Virey Julien-Joseph [1775–1846] 86 (note 9), 104 (note 9)

Virgile / Virgil [70–19] 339 (note 16), 342 (note 40), 354 (note 16), 356 (note 40), 397, 405 (notes18-19), 413, 422 (notes 18-19), 468 (note 26), 479 (note 26), 543 (notes 14, 18), 555 (notes 14, 18)

Vitellius Aulus [15–69] 395, 404 (note 7), 411, 421 (note 7)

Vitellius Lucius [c. -10–+ 51] 404 (note 7), 421 (note 7)

Vossius cf. Photius de Constantinople

W

Warnerius cf. Hirnerius

Wilhelm von Holland cf. Guillaume de Hollande

William IX Duke of Aquitaine cf. Guillaume IX duc d’Aquitaine

William of Holland cf. Guillaume de Hollande

William of Tyre cf. Guillaume de Tyr

Wolf Friedrich August [1759–1824] 141-142 (note 19), 156 (note 19)

X-Y-Z

Xénocrate / Xenocrates [died / mort en -314] 224, 235 (note 13), 246, 257 (note 13), 539, 551, 601 (note 34), 616 (note 34)

Xénophane de Colophon / Xenophanes of Colophon [c. 560–c. 478] 138, 145 (note 45), 153, 160 (note 45), 167-168, 173 (notes 26-27), 181-182, 187 (notes 26-27)

Xénophon / Xenophon [431–c. 354] 191, 197, 199, 202 (notes 25, 28-30), 205, 211-213, 216 (notes 25, 28-30), 225, 247, 308 (note 24), 325 (note 24), 467 (note 16), 478 (note 16)

Xerxès I er / Xerxes I the Great (c. 519-465) 138, 145 (note42), 152, 160 (note 42), 370 (note 24), 388 (note 24)

Yahya ibn-Sarafyun cf. Sérapion le Vieux

Yao [c. -2350] 56, 60 (note 31), 70, 74 (note 31)

Young Thomas [1773–1829] 91 (note 27), 108 (note 27)

Yuhanna ibn Masawaih cf. Mésué le Vieux

Zénodote / Zenodota [c. 150] 485, 497

Zénon d’Élée / Zeno of Elea [c. 495–c. 430] 168, 174 (note 31), 182, 188 (note 31), 192, 206

Zénon de Chypre / Zeno of Cyprus [c. 340] 544 (note 28), 556 (note 28)

Zénon de Tarse / Zeno of Tarsus [c. -200] 342 (note 46), 357 (note 46)

Zeuxis [c. 464–c. 398] 372 (note 50), 391 (note 50)

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