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Freiheit und Pluralismus

Robert Reick


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1„Freiheit ist gleichsam nur die Möglichkeit einer unbestimmt mannigfaltigen Thätigkeit; Herrschaft, Regierung überhaupt zwar eine einzelne, aber wirkliche Thätigkeit. Sehnsucht nach Freiheit entsteht daher nur zu oft erst aus dem Gefühle des Mangels derselben.“

2Wilhelm von Humboldt, Idee zu einem Versuch, die Gränzen der Wirksamkeit des Staats zu bestimmen

3“[T]he only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilised community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others. His own good, either physical or moral, is not sufficient warrant. He cannot rightfully be compelled to do or forbear because it will be better for him to do so, because it will make him happier, because, in the opinions of others, to do so would be wise, or even right.”

4John Stuart Mill, On Liberty

5“The really important question may turn out to be how we combine in our lives two or three or four different goals, or virtues, or standards, which we feel we cannot repudiate but which seem to demand incompatible things of us.”

6Charles Taylor, The Diversity of Goods

7“To talk about what is good or to wonder how much value there is in the world outside of practical contexts is like talking about what is a point and wondering how many points there are in the world outside of sports and games. [...] Just as there is nothing else for a point to be but something that counts toward victory in a contest, there is nothing else for a value to be but something that guides our deliberations and attitudes in practice.”

8Elisabeth Anderson, Practical Reason and Incommensurable Goods

9“Just as there is nothing which validates a person’s or a culture’s final vocabulary, there is nothing implicit in that vocabulary which dictates how to reweave it when it is put under strain. All we can do is work with the final vocabulary we have, while keeping our ears open for hints about how it might be expanded or revised.”

10Richard Rorty, Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity


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