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Global Austria

 | 
Günter Bischof
, 
Fritz Plasser

Book reviews

Walter M. Iber, Die Sowjetische Mineralölverwaltung in Österreich: Zur Vorgeschichte der OMV 1945-1955

Innsbruck: Studienverlag, 2011

Alexander Smith

I formati HTML, PDF ed ePub di questo libro sono accessibili agli utenti di biblioteche e istituzioni che lo hanno acquistato come parte dell'offerta OpenEdition Freemium for Books. Il libro può anche essere acquistato sui siti dei librai partner, nei formati PDF ed ePub, se l'editore ha scelto questa distribuzione commerciale. Se l'edizione cartacea è disponibile, i link alle librerie sono proposti in questa pagina.

Estratto del testo

At the end of the Second World War, Austria was the third-largest oil producer in Europe after the Soviet Union and Romania. Austria’s petroleum reserves and oil industry facilities, concentrated in the country’s northeast, represented a precious treasure for the Soviet occupational force. When the Red Army entered the “Ostmark” in the spring of 1945, Moscow was already well-informed about Austria’s resources and economic potential. Walter M. Iber argues in his recent study on the Austrian oil industry during the Soviet military occupation from 1945 to 1955 that Moscow from the very beginning focused on the exploitation of these rich petroleum resources in the Vienna Basin. This became evident when Soviet soldiers immediately occupied the oil fields of Lower Austria after the invasion, confiscated large parts of the petroleum industry as war booty, and started to dismantle heavy machinery and drilling rigs. The facilities were shipped to and rebuilt in the Soviet Union, whose indust...

© innsbruck university press, 2011

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