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Global Austria

Günter Bischof
Fritz Plasser

Forum: The Globalization of Austrian Studies

Austrian Studies in France

Jacques Le Rider

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The Etudes germaniques only evolved in France as a separate university discipline at the turn of the century. Ernest Lichtenberger started teaching at the Sorbonne in 1901, while Charles Andler did so as of 1905. At the turn of the century, the French humanities and cultural studies were still entangled in the “crise allemande de la pensée française,” labeled as such by Claude Digeon and sparked by the outset of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870-71. The rather positive picture and interpretation of German culture thus far suddenly turned bleak. Ever since the era of Madame de Staël, French intellectuals had conceived the German-speaking Germania as one. Berlin, Weimar, and “midi de l’Allemagne” had not been considered significantly different from each other. Ever since the “roaring thunder” of Sadowa-Königgrätz (Hradec Králové) and the proclamation of the German Reich in 1871, the French Germania experts (historians, literary scholars, and linguists) started to focus on the differing ...

© innsbruck university press, 2011

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