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Austria's International Position after the End of the Cold War

Günter Bischof
Ferdinand Karlhofer

Austrian foreign and security policy

On the Road to a Modern Identity: Austrian Foreign Policy from the Cold War to the European Union

Ursula Plassnik

Note de l’auteur

Inge Fink, Department of English, University of New Orleans, translated this essay from German into English.

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Extrait du texte

If one had to identify a single game changing year in the recent history of Austria, it would be 1989. Within a few months, two events radically changed the very parameters of Austrian foreign policy:

  • In June, Austria applied for membership in the European Economic Community, a move with far-reaching consequences for Austria’s political and economic landscape that transformed large parts of domestic and foreign policy into European policy.

  • The fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9 and the self-liberation of the former Eastern bloc countries from Communist oppression pushed Austria from the edge of the “Free World” into the heart of a continent in full re-calibration.

Setting a new course in domestic politics and having to respond to geopolitical change from outside — never had there been so much peaceful renewal in such a short period of time. Austria was propelled into an economic and political paradigm shift. It was induced to definitely leave behind the cherished mental comfort zone...

© innsbruck university press, 2013

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