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Austrian Lives

 | 
Günter Bischof
, 
Fritz Plasser
, 
Eva Maltschnig

Political lives

Thinking Cosmopolitan or How Joseph Became Joe Buttinger

Philipp Luis Strobl

Note de l’auteur

Author’s note1

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Extrait du texte

“Mr. Buttinger was such a hero that if he had returned he would have become Chancellor.”
The former Austrian chancellor Brunu Kreisky on Joseph Buttinger
2

Introduction

On May 27, 1932, the Austrian parliament approved a new government that should change the democratic course the country had pursued since the end of the First World War. The new chancellor Engelbert Dollfuß now was in charge of the country’s leadership. On October 1, he used a so-called “emergency degree,” a wartime relict, to rule the country without the approbation of the Austrian parliament.3 That was the hour of birth of Austria’s first dictatorship. The consequences for the people were fatal. Unliebsame Personen as “unpleasant” persons were called at that time had more and more problems living a normal life. Particularly intellectuals who were engaged in the ideas of psychoanalysis, neopositivism, or austromarxism (socialism) had to fear reprisals from the government.4 Life became very hard for the government’s oppo...

© innsbruck university press, 2012

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