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The Schüssel Era in Austria

Günter Bischof
Fritz Plasser

II. Policies and Policy Changes

The Schüssel Years and the European Union

Heinrich Neisser

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Austria’s First Stage as a Member of the European Union (1995-2000)

Austria joined the European Union (EU) on 1 January 1995. Together with two other new member states—Sweden and Finland—it became a full member of a political Union established by the Maastricht Treaty signed on 7 February 1992, entered into force after the ratification process on 1 November 1993. Austria’s admission to the European Union was legitimized by a referendum which demonstrated that a very significant majority of Austrians favored this membership. On 12 June 1994, Austria voted for a Europe shaped by the Maastricht Treaty with the highest percentage of any continental European Country: 66.6 percent.

Thanks to its consistent policy of European integration before 1989, Austria joined the European Union in an economically advanced stage. Since 1987, the Grand Coalition, consisting of Social Democrats and Christian Democrats, governed Austria. The coalition partners tried to adhere to the criteria for convergenc...

© innsbruck university press, 2010

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