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From Empire to Republic

 | 
Peter Berger
, 
Günter Bischof
, 
Fritz Plasser

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Günter Bischof

Preface

Introduction

Samuel R. Williamson

Leopold Count Berchtold: The Man Who Could Have Prevented the Great War

On the Eve
Sunday, 28 June 1914, 9 a.m., Buchlau, Moravia
Berchtold Seeks to Gain Control of Habsburg Foreign Policy
Dinnertime: Tuesday, 30 June 1914
Days to War
Why War?

Topical Essays

I. End of Empire/Early Republic: Political (Domestic and Foreign) Legacies

Patrick J. Houlihan

Was There an Austrian Stab-in-the-Back Myth? Interwar Military Interpretations of Defeat

Introduction
The Dolchstoss in Comparative Context
Austrian Implications of a Dolchstoss Phenomenon
Conclusion
John Deak

Dismantling Empire: Ignaz Seipel and Austria's Financial Crisis, 1922-1925

Austria’s Imperial Inheritance
Financial crisis and reconstruction

II. Costs of War: Social/Mental/Cultural Legacies

Andreas Weigl

Demographic Transitions Accellerated: Abortion, Body Politics, and the End of Supra-Regional Labor Immigration in Post-War Austria

The Legacy of War
An “Overpopulated” New State?
The Acceleration of Epidemiologic Transition
Austria: The Core of the “Quiet Revolution” in Interwar Europe
Illegitimacy: Stable Patterns, Changing Attitudes
Verena Pawlowsky und Harald Wendelin

Government Care of War Widows and Disabled Veterans after World War I

The Pension System: Fundamental Principles and Realisation in Practice
The Disabled Veterans’ Movement: Formation and Orientation
Conclusion
Ke-chin Hsia

A Partnership of the Weak: War Victims and the State in the Early First Austrian Republic

The Austrian Public Authority at a Moment of Weakness, and a Tale from Bruck an der Leitha
The “State-Friendly” War Victims
The Partnership of the Weak
Conclusion
Gunda Barth-Scalmani

Memory-Landscapes of the First World War: The Southwestern Front in Present-Day Italy, Austria and Slovenia

“Lieux de Mémoire”: From the National to the Regional Level
The Political Contexts of Memory Landscapes in the Area of the Southwestern Front
Patterns of Regional Historiography Relating to the First World War
Is There a New View on the Traces of War in the Landscapes of the Southwestern Theater of War?
Reasons for Mooring the First World War in the Regional Functional Memory
Julie Thorpe

Pan-Germanism after Empire: Austrian “Germandom” at Home and Abroad

“Pan-Germans” and Pan-Germanism
Germandom at Home: Rebuilding Austria’s German heritage
Germandom Abroad: Activists and Missionaries for German Austria
Johannes Koll

Sudeten Germans in Austria after the First World War

Introduction
Constitutional aspects
Sudeten Germans and Sudetenland: Conceptual Aspects
Societal aspects
Aspects of the public discussions
Final remarks
Robert Pyrah

Consensus vs. Control: The Politics of Culture in Interwar Austria, a Reassessment (with special emphasis on literature and the theatre)

I: Literary Background: The Inconsistent Mapping of Themes to Political Ideology, 1918-1934
II: Institutional Factors for Overlap, 1918-1934
III: The “Corporate State,” 1934-38: Internal Tensions
Conclusion
Sara O.M. Yanovsky

Jewish Education in Interwar Vienna: Cooperation, Compromise and Conflict Between the Austrian State and the Viennese Jewish Community

Introduction
Decision Making in the IKG
Conversion, Intermarriage and the Denomination of Children
Religious Exercises and Customs in Public Schools
Religious Exercises
The Sabbath at Public Schools
Head Covering
The Parallel Class Crisis, the Jewish Primary School and the Road to Segregation
The Parallelklassenverordnung
The Jewish Primary School
Towards Complete Segregation
Conclusion

III. Habsburg Successor States: Economic Legacies

Andreas Resch

Under Pressure to Adapt: Corporate Business and the New Order in Post-1918 Central Europe

1. The Immediate Economic and Political Consequences of World War I for Corporate Business in Central and Eastern Europe
2. The Banking Sector in Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Austria after World War I
3. Adaptive Strategies of Industrial Firms
3.1 Coal and Steel
3.2 Selected Mechanical Engineering Companies
3.3 Mautner Textile Group
4. Conclusions
Peter Berge

Wealth, Poverty and Institutions in the Habsburg Empire’s Successor States (1918-1929)

Introduction
Institutions in the service of revisionism: the case of Hungary in the 1920s
Institutions in the grip of party politics: the case of Austria’s First Republic, 1918-1933
Institutions as a vehicle of national unity: the case of Czechoslovakia in the 1920s
Institutions and the clash of traditions: a brief survey of Poland, Romania, and Yugoslavia in the 1920s
Conclusion

Annual review

Reinhold Gärtner

Austria 2009

Elections EU-Parliament in Austria
Elections in Upper Austria and in Vorarlberg
AUA and Hypo Group Alpe Adria
BZÖ, FPK and FPÖ
Economic and Statistical Data
 
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