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Hà Nội, a Metropolis in the Making

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Sylvie Fanchette

Illustrations

Texte intégral

Plates

Page

Plate

25

1

Vulnerability of communes to flooding in 2005 (former province of Hà Nội)
Incidence of Constant Flooding up to 10 cm in 2005 (former province of Hà Nội)

27

2

Structure of the business quarter and the Citadel under the Lê Trinh Dynasty (16th-18th century)
Location of craft villages on the shore of West Lake during the colonial era

33

3

The prone to flooding valleys of the Đáy and Tích Rivers

35

4

The Tây Hồ Tây Project: a site in a basin flanked by several villages

37

5

Reduction in bodies of water in Triều Khúc Commune (1998 to 2009)

43

6

Urban structure of the Quarter of the 36 Streets during the 17-18th centuries
Village structure of the Quarter of the 36 Streets and cultural heritage (17-18th centuries)

47

7

Location of crafts in the Quarter of the 36 Streets during the 17-18th centuries

48-49

8

Hypothesis of parallel development of craft villages and craft streets

51

9

Protection of architectural urban heritage of the Old Quarter (1995-2012)

59

10

Hébrard map 1925 (colonial era) with mention of villages
General plan of Hà Nội for 2000, drawn in 1981

62

11

Villages integrated into the urban space since Đổi mới

63

Density of village settlement in urban districts and in zones to be urbanised by 2030

69

12

The densification of urban development in the village of Hòa Mục since the 1990s

75

13

Spatial structure of a village/Division of plots of land and formation of new cul-de-sacs in the former hamlets of Triêu Khúc

79

14

Outline of villages during the pre-colonial era
1911 map of the colonial district

81

15

Occupation of a villa by rural families during the collectivist era

83

16

Location of collective neighbourhoods and planning models of four neighbourhoods

85

17

Densification of collective housing

95

18

Giáp Bát, a peri-urban neighbourhood built over a lake and intended for civil servants

97

19

Situation of KĐTMs in the 1990s and new projects

105

20

The area prone to flooding in the green corridor and planned use of land in the province of Hà Nội

109

21

Proportion of farmland in 2009 and land taken up by the residential project around the north-south backbone road

111

22

The road network and its various managers

112

23

Development of the road network and real estate promotion activities in 2011

113

Construction of road infrastructure and housing development in the urban area of Hà Ðông, Vãn Khê commune (2004-2011)

119

24

Evolution of wholesale and retail markets (2000, 2004, 2010)

127

25

Village plot transformation between 2000 and 2009
Village plot transformation between 1995 and 2008

129

26

Current or future urban projects in the district of Hoài Ðức in 2011

137

27

location of xóm trọ and nhà trọ in Triều Khúc
Xóm trọ of Mrs Cao Thị Phýợng’s family, 20 bedrooms for rental

145

28

Population densities in 2009, commune by commune, in Hà Nội province

147

29

Population growth rates between 1999 and 2009, commune by commune, in Hà Nội province

151

30

Share of economically active population in 2009, commune by commune, in Hà Nội province

153

31

Industrial parks, zones and sites in Hà Nội districts in 2008-2009

155

32

Craft villages in the provinces of Hà Nội and Hà Tây in 2003

157

33

Connections between craft villages specialised in wickerwork: the cluster of Chuông, southern Hà Tây

159

34

Share of farmland used to grow dry crops (including market gardening) in 2009

167

35

The commune of La Phù: planned projects, illegal occupations, craft workshops
The commune of La Phù: craft activities in residential space

173

36

Use of space in a zone A workshop

175

37

Situation of workshops in the village of Sõn Ðồng, 2011

Figures

Page

Number

13

1

Hà Nội Province in the Upper Delta of the Red River

20

Diagram

Cross-section of the Red River Delta as it passes Hà Nội in 1934

21

2

Deviations of the Red River between the 10th and the 20th century

28

3

Ponds and lakes encroachment since 1986 in the central urban districts

30

4

Water, an element of religious and ritual heritage in Triều Khúc village

42

5

Diagram of a ‘tube house’

44

6

Occupation plan of Quan Đế Temple

52

7

State of places of worship in the Old Quarter since the pre-colonial era

71

8

Recycling micro-plants in the village: evolution of a plot of land

73

9

Morphology of the network of thoroughfares in the village of Triều Khúc

84

10

Installation of neighbourhoods developed with blocks of flats in the city

102

11

Former and current Hà Nội city limits

116

12

Hà Nội streets out of bounds to itinerant vendors in 2010

124

13

Industrial and residential use of land in the informal craft industry zone in La Phù

130

14

Change in use of agricultural land in the commune of Phú Điền

135

15

The various kinds of lodgings for rental in Phú Điền in 2013

160

16

Location of agricultural co-operatives for safe vegetables in the urban districts of Hà Nội

166

17

Location of five communes surveyed concerning the large-scale urban projects in the district of Hoài Ðức

174

18

Residential and industrial projects in the commune of Sõn Ðồng in 2009

Photos

Page

Number

15

1

A city spreading out along major roads and absorbing peri-urban gardens

23

2

West Lake and Trúc Bạch Lake seen from above: the importance of stretches of water in the city

41

3

Street food stall in the Old Quarter

57

4

Ponds concreted over in an urban village situated near a new residential zone

61

5

A village communal house integrated in the urban fabric: Ngọc Hà

87

6

The new residential zone Splendora Project: an urban dream in a denselypopulated region

93

7

New residential neighbourhoods amid the paddy fields in the shadow of gravestones

117

8

A young man smokes next to a sign singing the praises of a future KĐTM

133

9

Expropriated land lying fallow used as pastures in the shadow of large-scale urban projects

140

10

Expropriation of agricultural land and peri-urban projects

149

11

Villager on bicycle riding along a motorway

177

12

Market gardening in the bed of the Red River, nearby the city center

181

13

Lotus production in Tây Lake next to a former village, now urbanised

Tables

Page

Number

22

1

Vulnerability of districts in the former province of Hà Nội

28

2

Distribution of lakes surveyed by Haidep in 2007 in the former province of Hà Nội

106

3

Occupation of space and activities in the various areas vulnerable or not to flooding corresponding to the former province of Hà Tây

160

4

Agricultural trends in the region of Hà Nội before and after the enlargement

161

5

Evolution of areas cultivated in the new Hà Nội

165

6

Prices for land suitable for construction in many communes of Hoài Ðức in 2009

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