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Hà Nội, a Metropolis in the Making

Sylvie Fanchette

Part Three. Urban fringes: integration in opposition to village dynamics

Chapter 9. Acces to land, new actors and peri-urban activities called into question

S. Fanchette, Y. Duchère, J. Segard et Lê Văn Hùng

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Extrait du texte

Over two decades, Vietnamese regional development, and that of urban and peri-urban territories in particular, has experienced a significant diversification of its actors and of its means of governance. Centralised planning, orchestrated by the government and established by state companies, has been gradually replaced by decentralised planning, involving new actors, entirely from the private sector, or semi-private.

Unlike other Southeast Asian metropolises of the capitalist world, which embarked on a process of metropolisation back in the 1970s and have transformed large fringes of farmland into land for construction, Vietnam has only lately created a real land market. Land belongs to the state, the only authority capable of changing its status, and the usufruct of land is allocated to farmers according to fixed-term contracts.

On the other hand, in Thailand and especially in Indonesia, the conversion of land on urban outskirts has been mostly uncontrolled and the subject of land spe...


PhD in Geography from Paris 8 University and is authorised to supervise research. She has been conducting research at IRD since 1993 and is a member of UMR Ceped.
Her main research interests are the urbanisation process in densely populated rural areas and the conditions of population densification in the Nile and Red River Deltas. In Vietnam, she studies rural industrialisation and the peri-urbanisation process in the context of the Vietnamese capital’s metropolisation..

PhD in Geography, specialising in Geopolitics, from Université de Paris 8. He presented a thesis in 2015 entitled Metropolisation, environmental governance and power issues: the example of three clusters of craft villages in Hà Nội and Bắc Ninh. His research interests include land conflicts and environmental problems in Hà Nội’s peri-urban villages. He analyses the roles of the various village stakeholders in the management and aggravation of environmental problems.

PhD in Geography at Université Paris-Ouest Nanterre in 2014. The title of her thesis is From rural to urban on the outskirts of Hà Nội. Craft villages, power and territory.
She studies reconstructions, economic but also spatial, of craft villages in the peri-urban area, within the context of the city’s expansion, of rising urbanisation and its neighbouring areas, and of administrative reorganisation.

© IRD Éditions, 2016

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